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Vulkaneifel
Vulkaneifel
(German pronunciation: [vʊlˈkaːnʔaɪfl̩]) is a district (Kreis) in the northwest of the state Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It is the least densely populated district in the state and the fourth most sparsely populated district in Germany. The administrative centre of the district is in Daun. Neighboring districts are Euskirchen (North Rhine-Westphalia), Ahrweiler, Mayen-Koblenz, Cochem-Zell, Bernkastel-Wittlich, and Bitburg-Prüm.

Contents

1 Location 2 History 3 Geography 4 Tourism 5 Coat of arms 6 Towns and municipalities 7 References 8 External links

Location[edit] The county of Vulkaneifel
Vulkaneifel
lies in the western part of the eponymous region which lies at heights between 150 and 700 metres above sea level. As a result of former volcanism numerous mineral springs (Sauerbrunnen) have formed. The Kyll
Kyll
flows through the county from north to south. The German Wildlife Route and the German Volcano Route also cross the county as does the Eifelsteig
Eifelsteig
hiking trail. History[edit] The district was created in 1815 when the Eifel
Eifel
became part of Prussia. As most of the local industries had their traditional markets in France, the district fell into a severe economic crisis. The construction of a railroad in the second half of the 19th century helped it to recover. The construction of the Nürburgring
Nürburgring
in 1927 was also an infrastructural project that helped the local economy. The district was enlarged significantly in 1970-1971, when the districts Mayen
Mayen
and Prüm
Prüm
were dissolved and parts were added to the Daun district. On January 1, 2007 the district Daun was renamed Vulkaneifel, the name of the landscape. Geography[edit] The district is located in the Eifel
Eifel
mountains, containing volcanic lakes called maars. The largest river in the district is the Kyll. The Vulkaneifel
Vulkaneifel
consists of three regions: Vulkanische Osteifel (municipalities of Brohltal, Vordereifel, Mendig, Pellenz), Vulkanische Hocheifel (municipalities of Kelberg, Ulmen, and the village of Nohn), and Vulkanische Westeifel (remainder of the municipality of Hillesheim, and municipalities Obere Kyll, Gerolstein, Manderscheid, Daun). Tourism[edit] Places of interest in the Vulkaneifel
Vulkaneifel
include the maar lakes around Daun, and Manderscheid, as well as the caldera lake of Laacher See
Laacher See
at the abbey of Maria Laach, which is the largest, and the youngest within the region. Hiking
Hiking
and cycling trails dot the region. Museums in the Vulkaneifel
Vulkaneifel
include the Lava-Dome (the German volcanic museum) in Mendig, the Vulkanhaus in Strohn, and the Eifel-Vulkanmuseum in Daun. The Vulkaneifel
Vulkaneifel
contains three geological parks (2004,45 km²), the Vulkanpark Brohltal/Laacher See, the Vulkanpark Osteifel, and the Vulkaneifel
Vulkaneifel
European Geopark.

Courtyard of the Castle of Lissingen

The Castle of Eltz and the Castle of Lissingen
Castle of Lissingen
are well preserved castles in the Vulkaneifel. Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms show the symbols of three territories which historically made up the district. In the left is the cross of Trier, the lion in the right represents the Counts of Blankenheim-Gerolstein. The escutcheon in the middle show the arms of the Counts of Daun.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Verbandsgemeinden

1. Daun

Betteldorf Bleckhausen Brockscheid Darscheid Daun1, 2 Demerath Deudesfeld Dockweiler Dreis-Brück Ellscheid Gefell Gillenfeld Hinterweiler Hörscheid Immerath Kirchweiler Kradenbach Mehren Meisburg Mückeln Nerdlen Niederstadtfeld Oberstadtfeld Sarmersbach Saxler Schalkenmehren Schönbach Schutz Steineberg Steiningen Strohn Strotzbüsch Udler Üdersdorf Utzerath Wallenborn Weidenbach Winkel

2. Gerolstein

Berlingen Birresborn Densborn Duppach Gerolstein1, 2 Hohenfels-Essingen Kalenborn-Scheuern Kopp Mürlenbach Neroth Pelm Rockeskyll Salm

3. Hillesheim

Basberg Berndorf Dohm-Lammersdorf Hillesheim1, 2 Kerpen Nohn Oberbettingen Oberehe-Stroheich Üxheim Walsdorf Wiesbaum

4. Kelberg

Arbach Beinhausen Bereborn Berenbach Bodenbach Bongard Borler Boxberg Brücktal Drees Gelenberg Gunderath Höchstberg Horperath Hörschhausen Kaperich Katzwinkel Kelberg1 Kirsbach Kolverath Kötterichen Lirstal Mannebach Mosbruch Neichen Nitz Oberelz Reimerath Retterath Sassen Uersfeld Ueß Welcherath

5. Obere Kyll

Birgel Esch Feusdorf Gönnersdorf Hallschlag Jünkerath1 Kerschenbach Lissendorf Ormont Reuth Scheid Schüller Stadtkyll Steffeln

1seat of the Verbandsgemeinde; 2town

References[edit]

^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31. Dezember 2015" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt
Statistisches Bundesamt
(in German). 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Landkreis Vulkaneifel.

Official website (German)

v t e

Urban and rural districts in the State of Rhineland-Palatinate
Rhineland-Palatinate
in Germany

Urban districts

Frankenthal Kaiserslautern Koblenz Landau Ludwigshafen Mainz Neustadt Pirmasens Speyer Trier Worms Zweibrücken

Rural districts

Ahrweiler Altenkirchen Alzey-Worms Bad Dürkheim Bad Kreuznach Bernkastel-Wittlich Birkenfeld Bitburg-Prüm Cochem-Zell Donnersbergkreis Germersheim Kaiserslautern Kusel Mainz-Bingen Mayen-Koblenz Neuwied Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis Rhein-Lahn-Kreis Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis Südliche Weinstraße Südwestpfalz Trier-Saarburg Vulkaneifel Westerwaldkreis

Coordinates: 50°15′N 6°45′E / 50.25°N 6.75°E / 50.25; 6.75

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 132916097 GN

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