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Vranjina
Vranjina
Monastery or Vranina Monastery[3] (Serbian Cyrillic: Манастир Врањина) or St. Nicholas' Monastery is a Serbian Orthodox monastery on south-east part[4] of Vranjina
Vranjina
island on Skadar Lake
Skadar Lake
in Montenegro. Vranjina
Vranjina
Monastery with its church dedicated to Saint Nicholas
Saint Nicholas
is one of the oldest monasteries in Montenegro.[5] History[edit] Based on the 1233 chrysobull of Rastko Nemanjić
Rastko Nemanjić
(Saint Sava), the oldest document mentioning this monastery, it can be concluded that it was founded between 1221 and 1223 by Sava, the first archbishop of the autocephalous Serbian Church,[6] or by Ilarion Šišojević, the first metropolitan bishop of the Metropolitanate of Zeta.[7] According to some accounts, Ilarion was buried in the courtyard of the monastery.[8] The monastic metochion was initially formed by land and income granted to the monastery by members of the Nemanjić dynasty, who gave the richest donations to the monastery. Saint Sava
Saint Sava
granted some land of the Holy Savior metochion on Plavnica to Vranjina, while King Stefan Vladislav granted the Crmnica
Crmnica
villages of Godinje, Medveđa Glava and Kruševica to the monastery, and queen Helen of Anjou granted it land around Krnjica and Uljanik in Kruševica in 1280. Around 1296 King Stefan Milutin
Stefan Milutin
granted the village of Orahovo and 100 perpers of income from the Sveti Srdj
Sveti Srdj
market near Skadar
Skadar
to the monastery.[4][9] Vranjina
Vranjina
soon became famous for its richness. In 1348, Emperor Stefan Dušan awarded the monastery together with half of its income to the church in Jerusalem dedicated to Archangel Michael (believed to be founded by King Milutin). That way Vranjina
Vranjina
became a metochion of the Church of Archangel Michael in Jerusalem.[10] Vranjina
Vranjina
was later granted with rich estates by members of the Balšić and Crnojević noble families who ruled Zeta. In 1404 Đurađ Stracimirović gave the village of Rake to the monastery while Balša III gave it a salt pond (1417) and the village of Karuč in Crmnica (1420).[10] In the period after Nemanjić rule, during which all estates belonged to the supreme monarch, minor local nobility began to lay ownership claims to the land, some even taking parts of monastic metochions. In 1469 Ivan Crnojević
Ivan Crnojević
returned all of Vranjina's former estates which included villages in Zeta valley, Limljani, Limsko Polje, Brčeli, Optočići, Tomići and Šišovići. In 1478, during the Siege of Shkodra, sultan Mehmed the Conqueror
Mehmed the Conqueror
confirmed all existing rights and privileges to the monastery in order to gain support from the surrounding tribes.[11] The monastery was a temporary seat of the Metropolitanate of Zeta until Ivan Crnojević
Ivan Crnojević
moved it to Cetinje
Cetinje
in 1485.[12] The monastery was so poor in the 17th century that in 1665 its hegumen, together with hegumen of Moračnik Monastery, requested help from the Catholic bishop of Scutari Pjetër Bogdani.[13] References[edit]

^ Velibor V. Džomić (2006). Pravoslavlje u Crnoj Gori. Svetigora. Retrieved 22 June 2013. По предању, основао га је Свети Сава, или пак први Зетски Епископ Иларион, Савин ученик (који је овдје и сахрањен).  ^ Glasnik Srpskoga učenog društva ... 1870. p. 167. Retrieved 22 June 2013.  ^ Vasilije Marković (1920). Pravoslavno monaštvo i manastiri u srednjevekovnoj Srbiji. Srpska Manastirska Štamp. p. 78. Retrieved 22 June 2013.  ^ a b P. Jovićević 2011, p. 27 ^ Pribislav Simić (1994). Crkvena umetnost: pregled razvoja graditeljstva i živopisa. Sv. arhijerejski sinod Srpske pravoslavne crkve. p. 326. Retrieved 22 April 2013. Међу најстарије манастире у Црној Гори спада манастир ВРАЊИНА са црквом Св. Николе, на острву у Скадарском језеру код Вирпазара.  ^ Sava (Bishop of Šumadija.) (1996). Srpski jerarsi: od devetog do dvadesetog veka. Evro. p. 193. Retrieved 22 June 2013.  ^ Vladan Đorđević
Vladan Đorđević
(1920). Car Dušan: istorijski roman iz XIV-oga veka. Naklada Hrvatskog štamparskog zavoda. p. 77. Retrieved 22 June 2013.  ^ Škrivanić, Gavro (1959). Istorijski zapisi. p. 37. Retrieved 22 June 2013. ... Николе иа Врањини подигао је зетсни епископ Иларион, један од нооилаца црквене политике св. Саве у овим областима.2 По Н. Дучићу, он је био сахрањен у припрати саме цркве са леве стране при зиду.  ^ Pribislav Simić (1994). Crkvena umetnost: pregled razvoja graditeljstva i živopisa. Sv. arhijerejski sinod Srpske pravoslavne crkve. p. 326. Retrieved 22 April 2013. Св. Сава му је издао повељу о прилаган>у земље, а доцније су га даривали и други Не  ^ a b P. Jovićević 2011, p. 28 ^ P. Jovićević 2011, p. 29 ^ Istorijski zapisi. 1959. p. 38. Retrieved 22 April 2013. Николе на Врањини, где је остало све до 1481 године, када је Иван Црнојевић, господар централне Зете тога времена, подигао манастир св. Богородице на Цетињу и одредио га за седиште зетских митрополита.  ^ Томаш Марковић (1969). Историја школства и просвјете у Црној Гори. Завод за издавање уџбеника Социјалистичке Републике Србије. p. 144. Retrieved 8 August 2013. Он је у XVII веку био веома сиромашан 

Further reading[edit]

P. Jovićević, Andrija (2011) [1930—1939], Drevni srpski Manastiri [Ancient Serbian monasteries] (in Serbian), Nikšić: Izdavački centar Matice srpske – Društva članova u Crnoj Gori, ISBN 978-9940-580-05-6 

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and the Littoral Zagreb and Ljubljana Australia and New Zealand

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Historical

Belgrade Metropolitanate Karlovci Metropolitanate Karlovci Patriarchate Hvosno Lipljan Toplica Banjska Marča Samokov Kyustendil Arad (1695-1865) Kostajnica (1713-1771) Šabac and Valjevo (1831-2006) Kotor and Dubrovnik (1870-1931) Zahumlje and Raška (1878-1931) Ohrid (1920-1931) Bitola (1920-1931) Ohrid and Bitola (1931-1967) Zletovo and Strumica (1920-1967) Mukačevo and Prešov (1931-1945) (For others see: History of Serbian Orthodox Church)

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Spiritual leaders of the Serbian Orthodox Church

Archbishops

1219–1346

Sava (St.) Arsenije Sremac (St.) Sava II
Sava II
(St.) Danilo I (St.) Joanikije I
Joanikije I
(St.) Jevstatije I (St.) Jakov (St.) Jevstatije II (St.) Sava III (St.) Nikodim I
Nikodim I
(St.) Danilo II (St.) Joanikije II (St.)

Patriarchs (since 1346)

1346–1463

Joanikije II (St.) Sava IV Jefrem (St.) Spiridon (St.) Danilo III Sava V Danilo IV Kirilo I (St.) Nikon I (St.) Teofan I Nikodim II Arsenije II

1557–1766

Makarije Sokolović
Makarije Sokolović
(St.) Antonije Sokolović Gerasim Sokolović Savatije Sokolović Nikanor Jerotej Filip Sokolović Jovan Pajsije I Gavrilo I (St.) Maksim I Arsenije III Kalinik I Atanasije I Mojsije I Arsenije IV Joanikije III Atanasije II Gavrilo II Gavrilo III Vikentije I Pajsije II Gavrilo IV Kirilo II Vasilije I Kalinik II

since 1920

Dimitrije Varnava Gavrilo Vikentije German Pavle Irinej

Heads of the Serbian Orthodox Church
Serbian Orthodox Church
in the Habsburg Monarchy (1690–1920)

Metropolitans of Karlovci 1690–1848

Arsenije III Čarnojević Isaija Đaković Sofronije Podgoričanin Vikentije Popović of Belgrade and Karlovci: Mojsije Petrović Vićentije Jovanović Arsenije IV Jovanović Šakabenta Isaija Antonović Pavle Nenadović Jovan Đorđević Vićentije Jovanović
Vićentije Jovanović
Vidak Mojisije Putnik Stefan Stratimirović Stefan Stanković Josif Rajačić

Metropolitans and Patriarchs of Karlovci 1848–1920

Josif Rajačić Samuilo Maširević Prokopije Ivačković German Anđelić Georgije Branković Lukijan Bogdanović

Metropolitans of Belgrade

1831–1920

Melentije Pavlović Petar Jovanović Mihailo Jovanović Teodosije Mraović Inokentije Pavlović Dimitrije Pavlović

Metropolitans of Montenegro

1766–1920

Sava Petrović Arsenije Plamenac Petar I Petar II Danilo II Nikanor Ivanović Ilarion Roganović Visarion Ljubiša Mitrofan Ban

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Serbian Orthodox monasteries

Serbia

Banjska* Bavanište Bođani Devič* Gračanica* Holy Archangels* Banja Beočin Bukovo Ćelije Crna Reka Đurđevi stupovi Fenek Gorioč* Gornjak Gradac Hajdučica Kalenić Kastaljan Koporin Kovilj Kovilje Ljubostinja Manasija Mesić Mileševa Nimnik Poganovo Pokajnica Pridvorica Prohor Pčinjski Pustinja Rača Rajinovac Ravanica Rukumija St. Nicholas Sopoćani Studenica Suvodol Tronoša Tuman Vitovnica Bešenovo Divša Grgeteg Jazak Krušedol Kuveždin Mala Remeta Novo Hopovo Petkovica Patriarchate of Peć* Privina Glava Rakovac Staro Hopovo Šišatovac Velika Remeta Vrdnik-Ravanica Holy Trinity St. Melanija Sombor Središte Vojlovica Visoki Dečani* Zemun Žiča Zočište*

Montenegro

Bijela Beška Cetinje Ćelije Dajbabe Dobrilovina Donji Donji Brčeli Dovolja Dubočica Duljevo Đurđevi Stupovi Gradište Kaludra Kom Kosijerevo Majstorovina Miholjska Prevlaka Morača Moračnik Nikoljac Orahovo Ostrog Piva Podmaine Podmalinsko Podostrog Podvrh Praskvica Reževići Savina Stanjevići Starčeva Gorica St. Nicholas, Obod Vranjina

Bosnia & Herzegovina

Bišnja Detlak Dobrićevo Dobrun Donja Bišnja Dragaljevac Dubokovac Duga Njiva Duži Glogovac Gomionica Hercegovačka Gračanica Ilinka Karno Klisina Knežina Krupa Liplje Lomnica Lovnica Moštanica Ozerkovići Ozren Papraća Petropavlov Pjenovac Rmanj Rožanj Sase Sokolica Stuplje St. Nicholas St. Basil of Ostrog Tavna Treskavac Tvrdoš Veselinje Vozuća Zavala Žitomislić

Croatia

Dragović Gomirje Komogovina Krka Krupa Lazarica Lepavina Oćestovo Orahovica Sv. Nedjelje Sv. Petke St. Basil of Ostrog

Others

Hilandar
Hilandar
(Mount Athos) New Gračanica Monastery (USA)

Notes

* indicate monasteries in Kosovo, which is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia
Serbia
and the Republic of Kosovo.

List of Serbian Orthodox monasteries

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Serbian Orthodox church buildings

Serbia

Church of Saint Sava St. Michael's Cathedral St. George, Banovo Brdo Ružica St. Mark's Church St. Basil of Ostrog St. Achillius, Arilje Peter's Church, Ras Cave Church, Lukovo Štava Church Odžaklija Kađenica Lazarica Church Church of St. George, Lukovo Church of Holy Ascension, Krupanj Saint George's Cathedral (Novi Sad) the Assumption, Zrenjanin Our Lady of Ljeviš* Cathedral of Saint George, Prizren Church of the Virgin Hodegetria* Church of St. Elijah, Podujevo* Church of St. Nicholas, Prizren* Mala Gospojina Church* Christ the Saviour Cathedral, Pristina*

Montenegro

Cathedral of Podgorica Vlah Church Church of St. Nicholas, Kotor

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Cathedral Church of the Nativity of the Theotokos, Sarajevo Church of the Holy Archangels Michael and Gabriel, Sarajevo Church of the Holy Transfiguration, Sarajevo Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, Mostar Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, Banja Luka Church of St. George, Sopotnica Church of St. Nikola, Dobrelja Old Church of St. Nicholas, Javorani

Croatia

Church of the Holy Venerable Mother Parascheva Church of the Transfiguration of the Lord, Trpinja Church of St. Nicholas, Vukovar Church of Pentecost, Vinkovci Church of St. George, Kneževo Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin, Negoslavci Church of Pentecost, Markušica Church of St. George, Bobota Church of St. Stephen, Borovo Church of the Nativity of the Virgin, Srijemske Laze Church of St. Peter and Paul, Bolman Church of St. Stefan Štiljanović, Karanac Church of St. Nicholas, Mirkovci Church of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary, Gaboš Church of St. Nicholas, Jagodnjak Church of St. Demetrius, Dalj Church of St. George, Tovarnik Serbian Orthodox Cathedral, Zagreb Church of St. George, Grubišno Polje Church of St. Nicholas, Karlovac Church of the Nativity of the Virgin, Drežnica Church of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul, Štikada Church of St. George, Varaždin Church of the Holy Annunciation, Dubrovnik Orthodox Church in Knin Church of St. Peter and Paul, Tepljuh St. Spyridon Church, Peroj Church of St. Nicholas, Rijeka Church of St. Nicholas, Vrlika Orthodox church of Holy Salvation, Cetina

United Kingdom

Church of St Sava, Notting Hill, London Church of the Holy Prince Lazar, Birmingham Serbian Orthodox Church, Halifax St. Nicholas, West Wycombe

United States

Sts. Constantine and Helen Serbian Orthodox Church, USA Trinity Chapel Complex, USA Saint Sava
Saint Sava
Serbian Orthodox Church
Serbian Orthodox Church
(Jackson, California), USA Saint Sava
Saint Sava
Serbian Orthodox Church
Serbian Orthodox Church
(Merrillville, Indiana), USA St. Sava Serbian Orthodox Cathedral (Milwaukee, Wisconsin), USA

Other countries

St. Archangel Michael Serbian Orthodox Church
Serbian Orthodox Church
(Toronto), Canada Sts. Cyril and Methodius Church, Slovenia Serbian Church in Arad, Romania St. Sava Church, Paris, France Saint Spyridon Church, Trieste, Italy Annunciation Church, Szentendre, Hungary Transfiguration Church, Szentendre, Hungary Saint Sava
Saint Sava
Serbian Orthodox Church, Stockholm, Sweden

Notes

* indicate churches in Kosovo, which is the subject of a territorial dispute between Serbia
Serbia
and Kosovo.

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Serbian saints

St. Angelina St. Basil of Ostrog St. Danilo II St. Gavrilo Rajić St. Helen of Anjou St. Jovan Vladimir St. Prince Lazar / St. Princess Milica St. Makarije Sokolović St. Maksim Branković St. Nikodim I St. Nikolaj Velimirović St. Peter of Cetinje St. Sava St. Sava II St. Simeon the Monk St. Simeon the Myrrh-flowing St. Stefan Lazarević St. Stefan Štiljanović St. Stefan Uroš St. Stefan of Dečani St. Stefan the Blind St. Stefan of Piperi St. Teodor Komogovinski St. Vladislav St. Vukašin S

.