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The Vjosë
Vjosë
(Albanian: [ˈvjɔsə]) or Aoös
Aoös
(Greek: Αώος) is a river in northwestern Greece
Greece
and southwestern Albania. Its total length is about 272 kilometres (169 mi), of which the first 80 kilometres (50 mi) are in Greece, and the remaining 192 kilometres (119 mi) are in Albania. It is fed by several tributaries, such as the Voidomatis, Sarantaporos, Drino
Drino
and Shushicë. The Aoös' source is in Greece, specifically in the Pindus
Pindus
mountains in Epirus,[1][2] near the village of Vovousa. An artificial lake has been constructed at an altitude of 1350 meters,[3] and there is a hydroelectric dam in place since 1987. It flows through the Vikos– Aoös
Aoös
National Park, where it forms towering canyons and then flows through the town of Konitsa, where it is joined by the Voidomatis. It enters Albania
Albania
near Çarshovë, where it is joined by the Sarantaporos. and then continues northwest through Përmet, Këlcyrë, Tepelenë
Tepelenë
(where it is joined by the Drino), Memaliaj, Selenicë
Selenicë
and Novoselë. It then flows into the Adriatic Sea, northwest of Vlorë; mouth of the river is situated within the boundaries of the Vjosa-Narta Protected Landscape.

Contents

1 Name 2 Human history 3 Greece 4 Albania 5 Lists 6 Map 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Name[edit] The river is known by a number of different names. In antiquity it was called Aoös
Aoös
(Ἄωος, Ἀῶος, Ἀῷος) in Greek, and Aous in Latin. In Albanian it is called Vjosë
Vjosë
or Vjosa, while in Greece
Greece
it is known by its ancient name (Αώος in modern orthography), as well as Vovousa
Vovousa
(Βοβούσα) or Aias (Αίας, Αἴας).[4] In Aromanian it is Băiasa. Local Macedonian name is Vojusha (Vojuša/Војуша). Human history[edit]

The old bridge of Konitsa
Konitsa
over the Aoos river, just before the Vikos– Aoös
Aoös
National Park

In Greek mythology,[5] Aous is an epithet or name[6] of Adonis. Aous was also the name of the first king of Cyprus. A river and a mountain[7] in Cyprus
Cyprus
were also named Aous.[5] Hecataeus (550–476 BC) refers to the river as Aias (Greek: Αἴας), the name Anios (Greek: Ἄνιος) is used by Plutarch
Plutarch
in Caesar,[8] while Polybius, Livy
Livy
and Strabo
Strabo
use the term Aoös. The Thesprotian
Thesprotian
tribe of Parauaioi
Parauaioi
received their name from the river, as those living beside it. Pausanias writes of "sharks"[9] (Greek: θηρία) in the river, as it flows through Thesprotia. It is mentioned as Avos (Greek: Αύος) by Stephanus of Byzantium[10] in the 6th century AD. In 274 BC Pyrrhus of Epirus
Pyrrhus of Epirus
defeated Antigonus II Gonatas
Antigonus II Gonatas
near the river's banks. In 198 BC, Philip V of Macedon
Philip V of Macedon
and the Roman Titus Quinctius Flamininus, clashed in the Battle of the Aous. In 170 BC[11] a plot to kidnap Aulus Hostilius Mancinus was foiled by Molossians by mistake. In antiquity the river passed more to the north[citation needed], towards where Fier
Fier
nowadays lies. Owing to an earthquake[citation needed] in the 4th century, it changed to the present course. This earthquake and river change were the main reasons that led to the decline of the ancient Greek city of Apollonia. Greece[edit] Main article: Vikos– Aoös
Aoös
National Park The Vikos–Aoös National Park
Vikos–Aoös National Park
(Greek: Εθνικός Δρυμός Βίκου–Αώου Ethnikós Drymós Víkou–Aóou), founded in 1973 is a national park in the region of Epirus in northwestern Greece. The national park encompasses 126 square kilometres (31,135 acres) of mountainous terrain, with numerous rivers, lakes, caves, deep canyons and dense coniferous and deciduous forest. The core of the park (3400 hectares)[12] is the Vikos Gorge, carved by the Voidomatis
Voidomatis
river, while the Aoos gorge, mount Tymfi, with its highest peak Gamila 2,497 metres (8,192 ft) and a number of traditionally preserved settlements form the park's peripheral zone. Albania[edit]

The Vjosë
Vjosë
upstream from Tepelenë

Vjosa and Mt Nemerçkë near Çarshova along SH75

Vjosa Valley

Since a decade or so, a 90 MW power plant at Kalivaç is under construction, but with no progress lately. The hydropower additional potential of the river is being studied by the Albanian Government. Seven additional hydroelectric power plants along the Albanian part of the river would have 400 MW total capacity (2,155 GWh/year). The feasibility of the project is being studied[13] but strongly denied by environmental groups like River
River
Watch and EcoAlbania, which urge authorities to halt such plans and declare it a national park.[14] In February 2005 The Albanian Government approved a law, making the Vjose-Narte wetlands a protected area. This legislation followed Albania's ratification of the Kyoto Protocol
Kyoto Protocol
in December 2004.[15] The river is known for its apport to the important irrigation canal Vjosë-Levan-Fier, a canal that was built in the 1950s for the irrigation of the Myzeqe low plains.[16] Vjosa is a common female Albanian given name.[17][18][19] Lists[edit]

Tributaries: Drino, Shushicë, Sarantaporos, Voidomatis Cities and towns (in upstream order) along the river:

In Albania: Novoselë, Selenicë, Memaliaj, Tepelenë, Çarshovë, Këlcyrë, and Përmet; In Greece: Konitsa
Konitsa
and Vovousa.

List crossings of the river: Konitsa
Konitsa
bridge, Dragoti bridge, Mifoli bridge;

Map[edit]

The area in yellow represents the drainage basin of Vjosë
Vjosë
and its main affluent, Drino; the red line delineates the border between Albania
Albania
and Greece.

See also[edit]

List of rivers of Albania List of rivers of Europe List of rivers of Greece

References[edit]

^ Acta Hydrochimica Et Hydrobiologica. VCH Verlagsgesellschaft. 2001.  ^ William Bowden (2003). Epirus Vetus: the archaeology of a late antique province. Duckworth. ISBN 978-0-7156-3116-4.  ^ Egnatia Municipality Archived August 2, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Λαμπρίδης Ιωάννης "Ζαγοριακά", Τυπογραφείον Αυγής, Αθήνα, 1870 ^ a b Parthenius (of Nicaea) (1999). Parthenius of Nicaea: The Poetical Fragments and the Erōtika Pathēmata. Clarendon Press. p. 182. ISBN 978-0-19-815253-8.  ^ Yves Bonnefoy (1992). Greek and Egyptian Mythologies. University of Chicago Press. p. 135. ISBN 978-0-226-06454-3.  ^ Joseph Eddy Fontenrose (1981). Orion: The Myth of the Hunter and the Huntress. University of California Press. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-520-09632-5.  ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) ^ Paus. 4.34,"But the rivers of Greece
Greece
contain no terrors from wild beasts, for the sharks of the Aous, which flows through Thesprotia, are not river beasts but migrants from the sea." ^ Ethnica Epitome,"Παρά τον Αύον ποταμόν" ^ A History of Macedonia: 336-167 B.C by Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond, Frank William Walbank, 1988, ISBN 0198148151, page 520 ^ Trakolis: p. 3 ^ Project from Energy Community not-for-profit ^ http://balkanrivers.net/en/key-areas/vjosa-river ^ UN Environment Programme's website last retrieved 3/4/2010 ^ [1] View from Geonames website. ^ From 20000 names babynames website ^ From Aboutnames babynames website ^ Albanian names website

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to River_Aoos-Vjosa.

Vjosa/Aoos River
River
Ecomuseum Official Website

v t e

Rivers in Albania

Drin (285 km) Vjosë
Vjosë
(272 km) Devoll (196 km) Shkumbin
Shkumbin
(181 km) Osum
Osum
(161 km) Mat (151 km) Erzen
Erzen
(109 km) Fan (94 km) Seman (85 km) Drino
Drino
(85 km) Ishëm (62 km) Valbonë (51 km) Bunë (44 km) Gashi (27 km)

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