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Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
(/vɪsɑːkhʌpʌtnʌm/); also known as Vizag (/vaɪzɑːɡ/) and Waltair (/wɒlteɪr/) is the largest city and the financial capital[5] of the Indian state
Indian state
of Andhra Pradesh.[6] The city is the administrative headquarters of Visakhapatnam district
Visakhapatnam district
and the Eastern Naval Command
Eastern Naval Command
of the Indian Navy.[7] Its geographical location is amidst the Eastern Ghats
Eastern Ghats
and the coast of the Bay of Bengal.[8] It is the most populous city in the state[9][7][10] with a population of 2,035,922 as of 2011, making it the 14th largest city in the country. It is also the 9th most populous metropolitan area in India
India
with a population of 5,340,000.[1][11][12] With an output of $43.5 billion, Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
is the ninth-largest contributor to India's overall gross domestic product as of 2016.[13][14][15] Visakhapatnam's history stretches back to the 6th century BCE, when it was considered a part of the Kalinga Kingdom, and later ruled by the Vengi, the Pallava and Eastern Ganga dynasties.[16] Archaeological records suggest that the present city was built around the 11th and 12th centuries with control over the city fluctuating between the Chola Dynasty
Chola Dynasty
and the Gajapati Kingdom,[17][18] until its conquest by the Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
in the 15th century.[16] Conquered by the Mughals in the 16th century, European powers eventually set up trading interests in the city, and by the end of the 18th century it had come under French rule.[17][18] Control passed to the British in 1804 and it remained under British colonial rule until India's independence in 1947. The city is home to the oldest shipyard and the only natural harbour on the east coast of India.[19] Visakhapatnam Port
Visakhapatnam Port
is the fifth-busiest cargo port in India, and the city is home to the headquarters of the Indian Navy's Eastern Command. Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
is a major tourist destination and is particularly known for its beaches.[20] It is referred to by many nicknames such asThe City of Destiny and The Jewel of the East Coast.[7] It has been selected as one of the Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under the Smart Cities Mission. As per the Swachhta Sarvekshan rankings of 2017, it is the third cleanest city in India.[21]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Buddhist
Buddhist
influence

2.1.1 Pavurallakonda 2.1.2 Sankaram 2.1.3 Bavikonda 2.1.4 Thotlakonda

2.2 Later history

3 Geography

3.1 Climate

4 Demographics

4.1 Language and religion

5 Government and politics

5.1 Civic administration

6 Economy 7 Cityscape

7.1 Neighbourhoods 7.2 Landmarks

8 Culture 9 Transport 10 Education 11 Defence and research

11.1 Naval base 11.2 Research organisations

12 Sports 13 Media

13.1 FM stations in Vizag

14 Notable people 15 See also 16 References 17 Further reading 18 External links

Etymology The local belief behind the name of the city states, there was a king of 4th century, who on his pilgrimage halted at Lawson's Bay and built a temple dedicated to Vaisakha, which was submerged under the sea, but the name of the temple was got to the settlement. Other such names are, Kulotungapatnam, named by a Chola King, Kulotuna-I; Ishakapatnam, based on a Muslim Saint, Syed Ali Madani (Ishak Madani).[22][23] During the East India
India
Company rule in India, the city was known with the name, Vizagapatam.[24] The suburb Waltair is another such name which was derived from the British colonial name.[7] "Vizagapatam" could also be spelled Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
in the West European alphabet. Its shortened form, Vizag was used by the British administrators who were unable to pronounce its long name.[25] It is still referred to as Vizag by locals too, however since independence, people have reverted to calling it by its Indian name of Visakhapatnam.[22] History Visakhapatnam's history stretches back to the 6th century B.C.E. and the city finds mention in ancient texts such as the 4th century B.C.E. writings of Pāṇini
Pāṇini
and Katyayana. Historically considered part of the Kalinga region,[17][18] it was ruled by the Vengi kingdom and the Pallava and Eastern Ganga dynasties during medieval times.[16] Archaeological records suggest that the present city was built around the 11th and 12th centuries C.E. by the Chola Dynasty
Chola Dynasty
king Kulothunga I. Control over the city fluctuated between the Chola Dynasty
Chola Dynasty
of Tamil Nadu and the Gajapati Kingdom of Odisha[17][18] until its conquest by the Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
in the 15th century.[16] In the 16th century it was conquered by the Mughals. European powers eventually set up trading interests in the city and Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
came under French rule at the end of the 18th century.[17][18] The city was ruled by Andhra Kings of Vengi and Pallavas. The city is named after Sri Vishaka Varma. Legend has it that Radha
Radha
and Viśakha were born on the same day and were equally beautiful. Sri Vishaka Sakhi is the second most important gopi of the eight main gopis. She carries messages between Radha
Radha
and Krishna and is the most expert gopi messenger. Local residents believe that an Andhra king built a temple to pay homage to his family deity Viśakha. This is now inundated under sea water near R K Beach. Another theory is that it is named after a woman disciple of Buddha
Buddha
named Viśakha. Later it was ruled by Qutb Shahis, Mughal Empire
Mughal Empire
(between 1689 and 1724), Nizam (1724–1757) and France (1757–1765) before being captured by the British in 1765. European powers eventually set up trading interests in the city and Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
came under French rule at the end of the 18th century.[17][18] The British captured Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
after the 1804 Battle of Vizagapatam and it remained under British colonial rule until India's independence in 1947 which was a part of the Northern Circars. Buddhist
Buddhist
influence Hindu texts state that during the fifth century BC, the Visakhapatnam region was part of Kalinga territory, which extended to the Godavari River. Relics found in the area also prove the existence of a Buddhist empire in the region. Kalinga later lost the territory to King Ashoka in the bloodiest battle of its time, which prompted Ashoka to embrace Buddhism. Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
is surrounded by ancient Buddhist
Buddhist
sites, most of which have been excavated recently and illustrate the legacy of Buddhism
Buddhism
in the region.[citation needed] Pavurallakonda

Yaksha Relief at Pavurallakonda
Pavurallakonda
near Bheemunipatnam

Pavurallakonda
Pavurallakonda
("pigeon hill") is a hillock west of Bhimli, about 24 km (15 mi) from Visakhapatnam. The Buddhist
Buddhist
settlement found here is estimated to date back from the first century BC to the second century AD. On the hillock (which overlooks the coastline) are 16 rock-cut cisterns for collecting rainwater. Gopalapatnam, on the Tandava River, is a village surrounded by brick stupas, viharas, pottery and other Buddhist
Buddhist
artefacts.[26] Sankaram

Stone seated Buddha
Buddha
at Bojjannakonda
Bojjannakonda
near Anakapalle

In 1907 British archaeologist Alexander Rea unearthed Sankaram, a 2,000-year-old Buddhist
Buddhist
site. The name "Śankaram" derives from the Sangharama (temple or monastery). Located 40 km (25 mi) south of Visakhapatnam, it is known locally as Bojjannakonda
Bojjannakonda
and is a significant Buddhist
Buddhist
site in Andhra Pradesh. The three major schools of Buddhism
Buddhism
(Hinayana, Mahayana and Vajrayana) flourished here. The complex is known for its monolithic stupas, rock-cut caves and brick structures. The primary stupa was initially carved out of rock and covered with bricks. Excavations yielded historic pottery and Satavahana
Satavahana
coins from the first century AD. At Lingalakonda, there are also rock-cut monolithic stupas in rows spread over the hill. The vihara was active for about 1,000 years.[citation needed] Nearby is another Buddhist
Buddhist
site, Bojjannakonda, with a number of images of the Buddha
Buddha
carved on the rock face of the caves. At Ligalametta there are hundreds of rock-cut monolithic stupas in rows, spread across the hill. Among other Buddhist
Buddhist
attractions are a relic casket, three chaitya halls, votive platforms, stupas and Vajrayana sculptures.[citation needed]

Bavikonda

Bavikonda
Bavikonda
stupas

Bavikonda
Bavikonda
is an important Buddhist
Buddhist
heritage site located on a hill about 15 km, northeast from Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
city. Here the Buddhist habitation is noticed on a 16 ha flat terraced area. The Hinayana school of Buddhism
Buddhism
was practised at the monastery between the 3rd century B.C. and the 3rd century A.D. Bavikonda
Bavikonda
has remains of an entire Buddhist
Buddhist
complex, comprising 26 structures belonging to three phases. A piece of bone stored in an urn recovered here is believed to belong to the mortal remains of the Buddha. The word Bavikonda
Bavikonda
in Telugu means "a hill of wells". Fitting its name, Bavikonda
Bavikonda
is a hill with wells for the collection of rainwater. It is located 15 km (9.3 mi) from Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
and is a significant Buddhist
Buddhist
site. Excavation carried out from 1982 to 1987 revealed a Buddhist establishment including a mahachaitya embedded with relic caskets,[clarification needed] a large vihara complex, numerous votive stupas, a stone-pillared congregation and rectangular halls and a refectory. Artifacts recovered from the site include Roman and Satavahana
Satavahana
coins and pottery dating from the third century BC to the second century AD. A significant finding was a piece of bone (with a large quantity of ash) in an urn, which is believed to be the remains of the Buddha. The Bavikonda
Bavikonda
site is considered one of the oldest Buddhist
Buddhist
sites in Asia. It is a reminder of the Buddhist
Buddhist
civilisation which once existed in southern India, and also reminiscent of Borobudur
Borobudur
in Indonesia.[27] Thotlakonda

Third-century BC Buddhist
Buddhist
ruins of Totlakonda

About 16 km (9.9 mi) from Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
is Thotlakonda, a Buddhist
Buddhist
complex situated on top of a hill. The Buddhist
Buddhist
complex on the Mangamaripeta
Mangamaripeta
hilltop, locally known as Totlakonda, lies about 16 km from Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
on Visakhapatnam- Bheemili Beach
Bheemili Beach
Road. After its discovery (during an aerial survey), the Government of Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
declared the 48 ha site as a protected monument in 1978. Excavations in 1988 to 1992 exposed structural remains and artefacts, classified as Religious, Secular and Civil. These structures include the Stupa, Chaityagrihas, pillared congregation halls, bhandagaras, refectory (bhojanasala), drainage and stone pathways. The site covers an area of 120 acres (49 hectares), and has been declared a protected area by the government of Andhra Pradesh. Excavations have revealed three kinds of structural remains: religious, secular and civil. Structures include a mahastupa, sixteen votive stupas, a stone-pillared congregation hall, eleven rock-cut cisterns, well-paved stone pathways, an apsidal chaitya-griha, three round chaitgya-grihas, two votive platforms, ten viharas and a kitchen complex with three halls and a refectory (dining hall). Apart from the structures, Buddhist
Buddhist
treasures excavated include nine Satavahana
Satavahana
and five Roman silver coins, terracotta tiles, stucco decorative pieces, sculptured panels, miniature stupa models in stone, Buddha
Buddha
padas depicted with ashtamangala symbols (i.e. the eight auspicious symbols of Swastika, Shrivasta, Nandhyavarta, Vardhamanaka, Bhadrasana, Kalasha, Minyugala and Darpan) and early pottery.[28] Later history

Victory at Sea Memorial
Victory at Sea Memorial
at Ramakrishna Mission Beach

The territory of Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
then came under the Andhra rulers of Vengi, and Chalukyas and Pallavas ruled the land. The region was ruled by the Eastern Ganga king- SuryaVamsa Kshatriyas and the Gajapati kings of Odisha
Odisha
from the 10th century to the 16th centuries AD (when the region came under the Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
rulers). Based on archaeological evidence, the Prabhakar and the Eastern Ganga Kings of Odisha
Odisha
built temples in the city in the 11th and 12th centuries. The Mughals ruled the area under the Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Nizam
Nizam
during the late 15th and early 16th centuries. European merchants from France, Holland and the East India
India
Company used the natural port to export tobacco, paddy, coal, iron ore, ivory, muslin and other textile products. Local legend tells that an Andhra king, on his way to Benares, rested at Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
and was so enchanted by its beauty that he ordered a temple to be built in honour of his family deity, Viśakha. Archaeological sources, however, reveal that the temple was probably built between the 11th and 12th centuries by the Cholas. A shipping merchant, Shankarayya Chetty, built one of the mandapams (pillared halls) of the temple. Although it no longer exists (possibly washed away about 100 years ago by a cyclonic storm), elderly residents of Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
remember visits to the ancient shrine by their grandparents (although author Ganapatiraju Atchuta Rama Raju denies this).[29] During the 18th century Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
was part of the Northern Circars, a region comprising coastal Andhra and southern coastal Odisha
Odisha
which was first under French control and later British. Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
became a district in the Madras Presidency
Madras Presidency
of British India. In September 1804, British and French squadrons fought the naval Battle of Vizagapatam
Battle of Vizagapatam
near the harbour. After India's independence it was the largest district in the country and was subsequently divided into the districts of Srikakulam, Vizianagaram and Visakhapatnam. Part of the city is known by its colonial British name, Waltair; during the colonial era, the city's hub was the Waltair railway station and a part of the city is still called Waltair.

International Fleet Review 2016

Geography

A view of the city from Kailasagiri

The city is situated between the Eastern Ghats
Eastern Ghats
and the Bay of Bengal.[8] The city coordinates lies between 17.7041 N and 83.2977 E.[3][4] Climate Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
has a has a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen Aw).[4] The annual mean temperatures ranges between 24.7–30.6 °C (76–87 °F), with the maximum in the month of May and the minimum in January; the minimum temperatures ranges between 20–27 °C (68–81 °F). The highest maximum temperature ever recorded was 42.0 °C (107.6 °F) in 1978, and the lowest was 20.0 °C (68 °F) in 1904. It receives rainfall from the South-west and North-east monsoons[4] and the average annual rainfall recorded is 1,118.8 mm (44.05 in).[30]

Climate data for Visakhapatnam

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 34.8 (94.6) 38.2 (100.8) 40.0 (104) 40.5 (104.9) 45.0 (113) 45.4 (113.7) 41.4 (106.5) 38.8 (101.8) 38.2 (100.8) 37.2 (99) 35.0 (95) 34.0 (93.2) 45.4 (113.7)

Average high °C (°F) 28.9 (84) 31.3 (88.3) 33.8 (92.8) 35.3 (95.5) 36.2 (97.2) 35.3 (95.5) 32.9 (91.2) 32.7 (90.9) 32.5 (90.5) 31.7 (89.1) 30.4 (86.7) 28.9 (84) 32.5 (90.5)

Average low °C (°F) 18.0 (64.4) 19.9 (67.8) 23.0 (73.4) 26.1 (79) 27.7 (81.9) 27.3 (81.1) 26.1 (79) 26.0 (78.8) 25.6 (78.1) 24.3 (75.7) 21.6 (70.9) 18.6 (65.5) 23.7 (74.7)

Record low °C (°F) 10.5 (50.9) 12.8 (55) 14.4 (57.9) 18.3 (64.9) 20.0 (68) 21.1 (70) 21.3 (70.3) 21.1 (70) 17.5 (63.5) 17.6 (63.7) 12.9 (55.2) 11.3 (52.3) 10.5 (50.9)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 11.1 (0.437) 10.5 (0.413) 13.0 (0.512) 26.2 (1.031) 70.5 (2.776) 117.0 (4.606) 133.3 (5.248) 163.6 (6.441) 191.1 (7.524) 258.1 (10.161) 115.5 (4.547) 8.8 (0.346) 1,118.7 (44.042)

Average rainy days 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.2 3.0 6.4 8.7 9.3 9.9 8.7 2.7 0.6 52.0

Average relative humidity (%) 71 70 69 71 69 71 76 77 78 74 68 67 71.8

Source #1: India
India
Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[30][31]

Source #2: NOAA (humidity 1971–1990)[32]

Demographics As of 2011[update] census of India, Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
had a population of 1,728,128, of which males were 873,599 and females were 854,529, – a sex ratio of 978 females per 1000 males. The population density was 18,480/km2 (47,900/sq mi). There were 164,129 children in the age group of 0–6 years, with 84,298 boys and 79,831 girls, – a sex ratio was 947 girls per 1000 boys. The average literacy rate stood at 81.79% with a total of 1,279,137 literates, of which 688,678 were males and 590,459 were fermales.[33][34] Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
is ranked 122 in the list of fastest-growing cities in the world.[35] The total slum population covers 44.61% of the total population which implies 770,971 people reside in slums.[36] The population crossed two million mark after expansion of the city limits and stands at 2,035,922.[1]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1871 32,191 —    

1881 30,291 −5.9%

1891 34,487 +13.9%

1901 40,892 +18.6%

1911 43,413 +6.2%

1921 44,711 +3.0%

1931 57,303 +28.2%

1941 70,243 +22.6%

1951 108,042 +53.8%

1961 211,190 +95.5%

1971 363,467 +72.1%

1981 603,630 +66.1%

1991 752,037 +24.6%

2001 1,345,938 +79.0%

2011 2,035,922 +51.3%

Language and religion

Religions in Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
(2011)

source: Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
city Census 2011 data

Hinduism

92.32%

Islam

3.85%

Christianity

3.07%

Others

0.76%

Telugu is the most predominantly spoken language by the native speakers.[37][38] Two dialects of Telugu are spoken by the people, the common dialect and the Uttarandhra
Uttarandhra
(North Eastern Andhra) dialect. The latter is mainly spoken by the people who originally belong to the districts of Vizianagaram
Vizianagaram
and Srikakulam.[39] A cosmopolitan population of Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
comprise Tamils,[40][41] Malayalis,[42][43] Sindhis[44] and Kannadigas,[45][46] and also Odias,[47] Bengalis and Bihari migrants from other regions of India.[48][49] There is also an Anglo-Indian community, regarded as the first cosmopolitans of the city.[50] Hinduism
Hinduism
is practised by the majority of its citizens, followed by Islam and Christianity. The area practised Buddhism
Buddhism
for two millennia, as evidenced by the many Buddhist
Buddhist
sangharamas in the outlying areas but the population of Buddhists has waned, with approximately 0.03% population in the entire city based on the recent census.[51] Government and politics Civic administration Greater Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation
Greater Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation
(GVMC) is the civic body that oversees the civic needs of the city.[52] It is one of the oldest municipalities in the state, established in 1858 as a Voluntary Municipal Association and upgraded to corporation in 1979, before getting Greater tag on 20 November 2005.[53] It has a jurisdictional area of 540 km2 (210 sq mi), which includes the merged municipalities of Gajuwaka, Anakapalle
Anakapalle
and Bheemunipatnam.[1][54] The present municipal commissioner of the city is M.Hari Narayanan.[55] Law and order in the city is dealt by Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
City Police, equipped with a Police Commissionerate with Commissioner of Police as the head and with assisted by three deputy commissioners for different zones.[56] Visakhapatnam Urban Development Authority
Visakhapatnam Urban Development Authority
(VUDA) is an urban planning agency that covers the GVMC and its suburbs covering, three corporations, three municipalities, two nagar panchayats and 1170 villages from three districts of Srikakulam, Vizianagarm and Viskhapatnam.[57][54] The expanded area of the city, Visakhapatnam Metropolitan Region extends to 5,573 km2 (2,152 sq mi) with a population of 53,40,000 and is under the administration of Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Urban Development Authority.[2] Economy Main article: Economy of Visakhapatnam

Vizag steel plant entrance

Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Oil Refinery

Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
seaport

Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
is one of the 100 fastest growing cities in the world,[58] which has a GDP
GDP
of $43.5  billion.[59] For the FY 2015–16, the per capita income estimates of the city stood at ₹283816 and it tops among other cities in the state.[60] The fishing harbour is one of the oldest and largest in the city, which was established in 1926, provides livelihood for approximately 50,000 people.[61] The usual seafood exporting capacity of the harbour is 115,000 t (127,000 tons)[62] and during the FY 2015, it topped seafood exports in terms of value among other ports.[63] Visakhapatnam Port and Gangavaram Port
Gangavaram Port
are the two ports of the city and the former one topped charts which handled 60,000,000 t (66,000,000 tons) of cargo during the financial year 2016–17.[64] The Hindustan Shipyard undertakes building and repairing of Naval fleet
Naval fleet
and has future orders of ₹2,000 crore (US$310 million).[65] The growth in the IT sector in the recent times boosting the local economy.[66] In 2016–17, the IT industry in Vizag witnessed an increase in its turnover which recorded as ₹5,400 crore (US$830 million) with 34,000 employees working in 350 firms,[67] in contrast to 2013–14 figures of ₹1,450 crore (US$220 million).[68] Sunrise Startup Village, an incubation centre;[69] Fintech Valley Tower for Financial Technology were also established.[70] There are many national and multi–national IT/ITes and banking firms such as Mahindra Satyam, Wipro, Kenexa, Infotech, IBM, Sutherland, and HSBC
HSBC
etc. Few more investments are in line like Conduent
Conduent
Inc, Lalith Ahuja's ANSR Consulting 1000 crore fintech facility in the city.[71] The Brandix India
India
Apparel City is the largest textile park in the country and holds the record for employing more than 15,000 women employers at a single location.[72] The Jawaharlal Nehru Pharma City
Jawaharlal Nehru Pharma City
(JNPC) developed at Parawada
Parawada
near Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
in 2,400 acres has major pharma companies like, Hospira, Mylan, Eisai, Reddy’s Lab, Aurobindo Pharma, Torrent pharma etc.[73][74][75] Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Medtech Zone Limited, is the India's first Ultra Modern Medical Equipment Manufacturing & Testing Facility, open to Manufacturers & Innovators.[76] The prevalence of ferroalloy plants is due to the availability of manganese ore near Visakhapatnam. Aluminium refineries such as Anrak Aluminium and Jindal Aluminium are developing because of the bauxite reserves around the city.[77] Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
is a part of the Petroleum, Chemical and Petrochemical Investment Region (PCPIR), proposed between Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
and Kakinada. The PCPIR is expected to generate 1.2 million jobs and a projected investment of ₨34,30,000 million.[78] Simhadri Super Thermal Power Plant
Simhadri Super Thermal Power Plant
of NTPC Limited
NTPC Limited
is expanding from 1,000 to 2,000 MW at a cost of ₹50 billion (US$766 million). Hindujas has begun construction of a 1,070-MW thermal power plant in Visakhapatnam district
Visakhapatnam district
at a cost of ₹70 billion (US$1 billion).[79] NTPC is establishing 4x1,000 MW imported coal-based thermal power plant in Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
district in Andhra Pradesh, which will come up at an investment of Rs 20,000 crore. Approximately Rs 5 crore outlay is needed for generation of one megawatt thermal power.[80] [81] Cityscape

Ramakrishna Beach at night

Visakhapatanam city skyline as seen from Kailasagiri

Neighbourhoods Over the years, Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
has turned from a fishing village into a commercial city with busy streets. Most notable areas of the city include urban areas like Dwaraka Nagar, Gajuwaka, Gopalapatnam, Jagadamba Centre, Maddilapalem, Madhurawada, Seethammadhara
Seethammadhara
and semi rural suburbs like Simhachalam, Pendurthi, Parwada. Landmarks

INS Kursura (S20)

RK Beach at Sunset

Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
is one of the main tourism destinations in the state of Andhra Pradesh. The city is famous for beaches, caves and the Eastern Ghats as well as wildlife sanctuaries. About 30% of the city is covered with Greenery.[82] The landmarks of the city include Dolphin's Nose
Dolphin's Nose
Lighthouse, Kailasagiri, Beach Road, VUDA Park, Visakha
Visakha
Museum and Matsyadarsini (an aquarium). INS Kursura Submarine Museum and Anti-submarine warfare (ASW) aircraft TU 142 aircraft museum opoosite to each other is the only of its kind in the world conceptualizing Hunted and Hunter of the wars.[83][84] Indira Gandhi Zoological Park
Indira Gandhi Zoological Park
in the city has variety of wildlife species. Erra Matti Dibbalu
Erra Matti Dibbalu
(Red sand dunes) are situated between Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
and Bheemunipatnam
Bheemunipatnam
are one of the geo-heritage sites in the country. This tourist spot is now protected and preserved as a heritage site.[85] Dr Ramanaidu Film Studio in 33 acres space off the Visakha-Bhimili beach road is one of the film shootings destination. Telugu Heritage museum on atop Kailasagiri
Kailasagiri
was developed by World Telugu Federation and Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Urban Development Authority ,[86] Vuda City Central Park
City Central Park
.[87] Adding one more feather to its cap visakhapatnam has got India's tallest musical fountain opened in the central park. Oscillating vertically at 360 degrees, the fountain dances to the tune of digital music in different colors.[88] Beaches along the coastline of the Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
are Ramakrishna Mission Beach, Rushikonda
Rushikonda
Beach and Mangamaripeta
Mangamaripeta
Beach. Others include Yarada, Bheemili, Lawson's Bay, Tenneti, Sagar Nagar
Sagar Nagar
and Gangavaram beaches.[89] Borra Caves
Borra Caves
are caves discovered by British geologist William King in 1807.[90] Tyda (an Eco tourism project), Kambalakonda Wildlife Sanctuary
Kambalakonda Wildlife Sanctuary
under Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Forest Department are wildlife conservation sites near the city.[84] Culture

Simhachalam
Simhachalam
Temple

Poets, artists Some of the notable poets from the city include Sri Sri, Gollapudi Maruti Rao, Sirivennela Seetharama Sastry. Religious worships Some of the religious sites are also of great importance like ISKCON temple;[91] Simhachalam
Simhachalam
temple of Lord Narasimha
Narasimha
16 km (9.9 mi) north of the city,[92][93] Sri Kanaka Maha Lakshmi Temple. Recent archaeological excavations of Buddhist
Buddhist
shrines revealed Buddhist
Buddhist
dominance in this area and these are recognised as heritage sites that include Boudharamam, Saligudam, Sankaram and Devipuram
Devipuram
etc. Transport Main article: Transport in Visakhapatnam

Visakhapatnam Metro
Visakhapatnam Metro
Express Highway Service at Kurmanapalem

Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
railway station

The city commuters prefer city buses and auto rickshaws as the primary mode of transport, followed by the two wheelers and cars.[94] Road and rail are preferred for long distance commuting and are supported by Dwaraka bus station
Dwaraka bus station
and Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
railway station respectively.[95][96] It also has sea and air travel infrastructure such as, Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Port[97] and Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Airport.[98] The APSRTC
APSRTC
Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Region operates city, district and inter-state bus services from Dwaraka bus station.[99] There are more than 600 city buses being run in over 150 routes, in addition to Bus Rapid Transit System in two corridors of Pendurthi
Pendurthi
and Simhachalam.[94]:21 A planned Integrated Bus Terminal Complex would be built at Maddilapalem.[100] Apart from buses, there are about 25,000 auto rickshaws plying on the city roads which provide intermediate public transport.[94]:22 The Visakhapatnam railway station
Visakhapatnam railway station
is as an A1 station[101] with the highest gross revenue in the Waltair railway division.[102] It serves an average of 20,000–25,000 passengers daily and may rise up to 40,000 during festivals.[96] The country's largest Diesel Loco Shed with a capacity of 206.[103] Visakhapatnam Metro is a planned metro rail project whose first phase is expected to be completed by December 2018 with financial support from the Japan International Cooperation Agency.[104]

Visakhapatnam Airport
Visakhapatnam Airport
Terminal

As of 2013[update], the percentage of transport mode shares in the city are, 18% buses, 9% autos, 15% two wheelers, 2% cars and 55% non-motorised transport (bicycles and pedestrians).[94]:23 The total road network accounts for a total length of 2,007.10 km (1,247.15 mi).[105] NH16, a major highway and a part of the Golden Quadrilateral
Golden Quadrilateral
system bypasses the city. During the 2016-17 fiscal year, Visakhapatnam Airport
Visakhapatnam Airport
(IATA: VTZ, ICAO: VOTZ) had served a total of 2,358,029 passengers, an increase of 30.7% from previous year.[106] It handled 19,550 aircraft including 1,421 international and 18,129 domestic.[107] The sea transport is dealt by Visakhapatnam Port Trust, which operates ships for transporting passengers and cargo to Andaman and Nicobar Islands[108] and future plans to the port city of Kakinada.[109] Education

St Aloysius Anglo Indian High School (SAS) established in 1847 in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[110][111] As per the school information report for the academic year 2016–17, the Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
urban has 1,44,268 students[112] enrolled in 434 schools.[113] The Central Board of Secondary Education, Secondary School Certificate or the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education are the different types of syllabus followed by different schools. The medium of instruction followed by schools are English and Telugu.[114] The St. Aloysius Anglo Indian Boys High School is the oldest school in the city to have established in the year 1847.[115] The Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
District Central Library is supported by the government and is located at Dwaraka Nagar.[116][117] There are tens of junior colleges under Government, Andhra Pradesh Social Welfare Residential and private undertakings.[118] Andhra University is the only autonomous college approved under Universities Grant Commission scheme.[119] A.V.N. College is one of the oldest educational institution in the city.[90]:35 The GITAM University (the first private university in Andhra Pradesh) and the Gayatri Vidya Parishad College of Engineering
Gayatri Vidya Parishad College of Engineering
are other technical-education institutions in the city. Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
is also home to Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University, which is the National Law University for the state of Andhra Pradesh. DSNLU
DSNLU
takes entrance through Common Law Admission Test and ranks 15th by order of establishment among the 17 National Law Universities. Vizag is due to get India's First Packaging park[120] with an Indian Institute of Packaging, IIP[121] and BITS Pilani & Birla International School under the aegis of Sarala Birla Academy.[122] The Indian Maritime University
Indian Maritime University
was established as a central university by the government of India
India
by an act of Parliament (the Indian Maritime University Act 2008). IMU is poised to play a role in the development of human resources for the maritime sector. Visakhapatnam also has the National Institute of Oceanography. The Indian Institute of Management,[123] Indian Institute of Petroleum and Energy[124] are the other institutions of national importance. Defence and research Naval base

Naval warship

Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
is the headquarters of the Eastern Naval Command, the Naval Science and Technological Laboratory (a DRDO Lab), a Chief Quality Assurance Establishment (CQAE), an EFS office, a Naval Dockyard (established in 1949) and Naval Bases including INS Virbahu, INS Karna, INS Kalinga, INS Samudrika, INS Satavahana, and INS Dega. A new base at INS Rambilli is being built on 5,000 acres (20 km2) with an investment of ₹15 billion (US$230 million), as the first dedicated submarine base in India. India's first nuclear submarine INS Arihant
INS Arihant
was launched in the Naval Dockyard, and Bharat Dynamics has begun manufacturing torpedoes. Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
also has presence of the Indian Coast Guard
Indian Coast Guard
including ships and offices. Multiple naval training establishments, such as the Navy ShipWright School,[125] are also situated here. Research organisations The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
(BARC) plans its second research facility in the country (after Trombay) in the area.[126] A permanent facility, which will include a school dedicated to nuclear-power technology. There are also offices of the National Institute of Oceanography and the India
India
Meteorological Department. Sports

ACA-VDCA Cricket stadium at Madhurawada

ENC Cricket Team which won the VDCA Institutional League Cricket Championship 2015–16

Cricket is the most popular sport, followed by Tennis
Tennis
and football. Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
is home to a number of local cricket teams participating in district and zonal matches. Gully cricket (a form of cricket played in streets or parks) is a popular sport among local youth. Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
co-hosted the 32nd National Games alongside Hyderabad
Hyderabad
in 2002. The city has seven cricket stadiums, which are used for Ranji Trophy matches, two of these stadiums have been used for one day international matches. Indira Priyadarshini Stadium, also known as the Municipal Corporation Stadium, hosted the first ODI match on 9 December 1988 and the last ODI on 3 April 2001. The stadium has been discontinued in favour of the new ACA-VDCA Stadium
ACA-VDCA Stadium
in Madhurawada. ACA-VDCA Stadium
ACA-VDCA Stadium
is the home of Andhra Cricket Association. It regularly hosts Ranji Trophy, One Day Internationals
One Day Internationals
and Test Internationals. The stadium is the home ground of Andhra Pradesh cricket team. The stadium also hosted IPL matches as a neutral venue. It hosted its first test match against England beginning on 17 November 2016. Port Trust Golden Jubilee Stadium is second largest stadium in Visakhapatnam, which has hosted Under-19 Youth Internationals. It also hosted the 2014 Pro Kabaddi League season
2014 Pro Kabaddi League season
as the home ground for the Telugu Titans.[127] In addition to the cricket grounds, the Swarna Bharathi Indoor Stadium, built by the Greater Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Municipal Corporation, is used for various indoor sports,[128] and the GVMC Aqua Sports Complex, an aquatic centre for swimming and diving, is near the beach road.[129] Surfing
Surfing
activities are common at the Rushikonda
Rushikonda
beach.[130] Media The Telugu dailies publishers in the city are Eenadu, Andhra Jyothy, Sakshi, Andhra Bhoomi, Andhra Prabha, Vaartha, Suryaa , Prajasakti and Visalaandhra. Apart from the local language, there are also English papers such as, The Hindu, The Times of India, Deccan Chronicle, The Hindu Business Line, The New Indian Express
The New Indian Express
and The Hans India. On 8 April 2016, the city served as a host for the Ganta China Rosaiah and Narayanamma Memorial Best Journalists Awards-2015.[131] FM stations in Vizag

Radio City – 91.1 – Telugu / Hindi Big 92.7 FM
Big 92.7 FM
– 92.7 – Telugu / Hindi Red FM – 93.5 – Telugu Radio Mirchi
Radio Mirchi
– 98.3 – Telugu AIR FM Rainbow – 102.0 – Telugu Gyan Vani – 105.6 – Telugu / English / Hindi

Notable people

Sir C. V. Raman Srirangam Srinivasa Rao Tenneti Viswanadham Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan R. P. Patnaik Gollapudi Maruti Rao P. T. Srinivasa Iyengar Gurazada Apparao Kotcherlakota Rangadhama Rao Kambhampati Hari Babu Nookala Chinna Satyanarayana Sri Kantha Krishnamacharyulu Devika Rani LV Revanth Sirivennela Seetharama Sastry Yalaka Venugopal Rao

See also

List of most populous cities in India List of municipal corporations in India

References

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Visakhapatnam
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Visakhapatnam
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Erra Matti Dibbalu
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Further reading

"DMRC to prepare report on Vizag metro rail". 12 September 2014. Retrieved 19 September 2014. *

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Visakhapatnam.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Visakhapatnam.

Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
at Curlie (based on DMOZ)  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Vizagapatam". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.  Official website of Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Urban Development Authority

Articles related to Visakhapatnam

v t e

Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
topics

History

Satavahana
Satavahana
dynasty Pallava Dynasty Eastern Chalukyas Chola Dynasty Kakatiya Dynasty Delhi
Delhi
Sultanate Musunuri Nayaks Vijayanagar Empire Dutch East India
India
Company East India
India
Company French East India
India
Company Northern Circars Vizagapatam District (Madras Presidency)

Geography

Bay of Bengal Eastern Ghats Gosthani River

Economy

Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Special
Special
Economic Zone Dredging Corporation of India East Coast Economic Corridor Essar Steel Fintech Valley Vizag Gangavaram Port Hindustan Petroleum Hindustan Shipyard Jawaharlal Nehru Pharma City Navayuga Engineering Company Limited Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Sarawagi Group Simhadri Super Thermal Power Station Visakhapatnam– Chennai
Chennai
Industrial Corridor Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Port Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Refinery Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Special
Special
Economic Zone Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Steel Plant Vizag back to back HVDC converter station Vizag Thermal Power Station

Transport

APSRTC Bhogapuram Airport Dwaraka bus station East Coast Railway Duvvada
Duvvada
railway station Duvvada– Vijayawada
Vijayawada
section Simhachalam
Simhachalam
railway station Kothavalasa–Kirandul line Maddilapalem
Maddilapalem
bus station MVP Colony
MVP Colony
bus station Simhachalam
Simhachalam
bus station South Central Railway Thadi railway station Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Airport Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
railway station Waltair Railway Division Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Bus Rapid Transit System Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Metro Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Port

Roads

NAD X Road National Highway 16 Rama Talkies Road State Highway 38 State Highway 39 Telugu Talli Flyover Town
Town
Kotha Road VIP Road

Buildings

AU Convention Center Children's Arena Kala Bharati LIC Building Rajiv Smruthi Bhavan Telugu Saamskruthika Niketanam

Visitor Attractions

Bavikonda Beach Road Bheemili Beach Bojjannakonda Borra Caves City Central Park Dolphin's Nose Erra Matti Dibbalu Indira Gandhi Zoological Park INS Kursura Submarine Museum Kambalakonda Eco Park Kondakarla Ava RK Beach Mudasarlova Park Pavurallakonda Rushikonda
Rushikonda
Beach Shilparamam Jathara Sivaji Park Kailasagiri Tenneti Park Thotlakonda Victory At Sea Memorial Visakha
Visakha
Museum VUDA Park Yarada
Yarada
Beach

Government

Greater Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Municipal Corporation Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
District Collectorate Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Urban Development Authority Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
City Police

Parliamentary constituencies

Visakhapatnam Anakapalli

Assembly constituencies

Bhimli Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
East Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
South Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
North Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
West Gajuwaka Pendurthi Anakapalle

Educational institutions

Andhra Medical College Andhra University Anil Neerukonda Institute of Technology and Sciences Chaitanya Engineering College Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University Dr. V. S. Krishna Govt. Degree & P.G College Dr.L.Bullayya College Indian Institute of Management
Indian Institute of Management
Visakhapatnam Indian Institute of Petroleum and Energy Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management Gayatri Vidya Parishad College of Engineering Gitam School of Architecture Indian Maritime University
Indian Maritime University
- Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Campus Mrs. A. V. N. College National Institute of Oceanography Raghu Engineering College Pydah College of Engineering and Technology, Visakhapatnam Timpany School Visakha
Visakha
Valley School

Hospitals

Apollo Hospitals King George Hospital L. V. Prasad Eye Institute SevenHills Hospital Tata Memorial Centre Visakha
Visakha
Institute of Medical Sciences

Media

Andhra Jyothy Andhra Prabha Deccan Chronicle Eenadu Sakshi Suryaa Prajasakti The Hindu The Times of India The Hindu
The Hindu
Business Line The New Indian Express The Hans India Vaartha Yo Vizag

Places of worship

Devipuram
Devipuram
Temple Simhachalam
Simhachalam
Temple Sri Kanaka Maha Lakshmi Temple Sri Sampath Vinayagar Temple Nookambika Temple Quirk Memorial Baptist Church St. Stephen's Orthodox Church, Visakhapatnam

Water bodies

Kanithi Balancing Reservoir Meghadri Gedda Reservoir Mudasarlova Reservoir Raiwada Reservoir Tatipudi Reservoir

Events

International Fleet Review Navy Day Araku balloon festival Visakha
Visakha
Utsav

Sports

Andhra Cricket Association Telugu Titans

Stadiums

ACA-VDCA Stadium Hindustan Zinc Limited Ground Indira Priyadarshini Stadium Port Trust Diamond Jubilee Stadium Swarna Bharathi Indoor Stadium South Eastern Railway Stadium Ukku Stadium

Other topics

People from Visakhapatnam List of cities in India List of cities by population

 Geographic locale

Lat. and Long. 17°42′15″N 83°17′52″E / 17.704167°N 83.297778°E / 17.704167; 83.297778

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Neighbourhoods of Visakhapatnam

Abidnagar Achutapuram Adavivaram Aganampudi Akkayyapalem Akkireddypalem Allipuram Anakapalle Anandapuram Arilova Asilmetta Beach Road, Visakhapatnam Bheemunipatnam CBM Compound Chinagantyada Chinna Gadhili Chinnamushidiwada Chinna Waltair Chintalagraharam Daba Gardens Daspalla Hills Dayalnagar Desapatrunipalem Dibbapalem Dondaparthi Duvvada Dwaraka Nagar Gajuwaka Gambhiram Gandhigram Gangavaram Gidijala Gnanapuram Gopalapatnam Gudilova Hanumanthawaka HB Colony Isukathota Jagadamba Centre Jalari Peta Kailasapuram Kakani Nagar Kancharapalem Kapuluppada Kirlampudi Layout Kommadi Kurmannapalem Lankelapalem Lawsons Bay Colony Maddilapalem Madhavadhara Madhurawada Maharanipeta Malkapuram Mangamaripeta Marripalem Mindi Mulagada Muralinagar MVP Colony NAD X Road Nadupuru Narava Nathayyapalem Naidu Thota One Town Padmanabham Pandurangapuram Parawada Pedagantyada Pedda Waltair Pendurthi Pithapuram Colony Poorna Market Pothinamallayya Palem Prahaladapuram Pudimadaka Ramnagar Railway New Colony Ravindra Nagar Relli Veedhi Resapuvanipalem Rushikonda Sabbavaram Sagar Nagar Scindia Seethammadhara Seethampeta Sheela Nagar Simhachalam Siripuram Sivajipalem Sriharipuram Sujatha Nagar Suryabagh Thatichetlapalem Thagarapuvalasa Town
Town
Kotha Road Tunglam Ukkunagaram Velampeta Venkojipalem Vepagunta Visalakshi Nagar Waltair Uplands Yarada Yendada

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Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
district

District headquarters

Visakhapatnam

Revenue divisions

Anakapalle Narsipatnam Paderu Visakhapatnam

Mandals

Bheemunipatnam Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
(rural)

Cities

Visakhapatnam

Towns

Narsipatnam Payakaraopeta Thagarapuvalasa Yelamanchili

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State of Andhra Pradesh

Capital: Amaravati
Amaravati
(de facto), Hyderabad
Hyderabad
(de jure)

Topics

Cinema Cuisine Culture Demographics Economy Education Elections Geography Government Highest point History Language Politics Sports People Transport Tourism

Regions

Coastal Andhra Rayalaseema

Districts

Anantapur Chittoor East Godavari Guntur Kadapa Kurnool Krishna Prakasam Nellore Srikakulam Visakhapatnam Vizianagaram West Godavari

Million-plus cities

Visakhapatnam Vijayawada

Cities (population over 1 lakh)

Adoni Anantapur Bhimavaram Chilakaluripet Chittoor Dharmavaram Eluru Gudivada Guntakal Guntur Hindupur Kadapa Kakinada Kurnool Machilipatnam Madanapalle Nandyal Narasaraopet Nellore Ongole Proddatur Rajahmundry Srikakulam Tadepalligudem Tadpatri Tenali Tirupati Vijayawada Visakhapatnam Vizianagaram

Tourism

Dams Forts Lakes National Parks Hindu Temples Churches Wildlife Sanctuaries Waterfalls

Related lists

List of cities in Andhra Pradesh List of mandals in Andhra Pradesh List of urban local bodies in Andhra Pradesh List of revenue divisions in Andhra Pradesh List of urban agglomerations in Andhra Pradesh

Portal: Andhra Pradesh

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Million-plus agglomerations in India

North

Chandigarh Delhi Haryana: Faridabad Jammu and Kashmir: Srinagar Punjab: Ludhiana Amritsar Rajasthan: Jaipur Jodhpur Kota

Central

Chhattisgarh: Raipur Bhilai Madhya Pradesh: Indore Bhopal Jabalpur Gwalior Uttar Pradesh: Kanpur Lucknow Ghaziabad Agra Varanasi Meerut Allahabad

Eastern

Bihar: Patna Jharkhand: Jamshedpur Dhanbad Ranchi West Bengal: Kolkata Asansol

Western

Gujarat: Ahmedabad Surat Vadodara Rajkot Maharashtra: Mumbai Pune Nagpur Nashik Vasai-Virar Aurangabad

Southern

Andhra Pradesh: Visakhapatnam Vijayawada Karnataka: Bangalore Kerala: Kochi Kozhikode Thrissur Malappuram Thiruvananthapuram Kannur Kollam Tamil Nadu: Chennai Coimbatore Madurai Tiruchirappalli Telangana: Hyderabad

Authority control

GND: 4324044-6 BNF: cb1374

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