Vinyl polymer
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Vinyl polymers are a group of
polymer A polymer (; Greek ''wikt:poly-, poly-'', "many" + ''wikt:-mer, -mer'', "part") is a Chemical substance, substance or material consisting of very large molecules, or macromolecules, composed of many Repeat unit, repeating subunits. Due to their ...

polymer
s derived from substituted
vinyl Vinyl may refer to: * Vinyl group, a class of organic molecules in chemistry * Polyvinyl chloride (PVC), a particular vinyl polymer ** PVC clothing, cloth coated in PVC, also commonly used for tablecloths, upholstery, and shoes * Vinyl compositio ...

vinyl
monomerA monomer ( ; '' mono-'', "one" + '' -mer'', "part") is a molecule File:Pentacene on Ni(111) STM.jpg, A scanning tunneling microscopy image of pentacene molecules, which consist of linear chains of five carbon rings. A molecule is an electrical ...

monomer
s of the type CH2=CHR. Their backbone is an extended alkane chain ...-CH2-CHR-CH2-CHR-..). In popular usage, "vinyl" refers only to
polyvinyl chloride Polyvinyl chloride (colloquial: polyvinyl, Vinyl polymer, vinyl; abbreviated: PVC) is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer (after polyethylene and polypropylene). About 40 million tons of PVC are produced each year. ...
(PVC).


Examples

Vinyl polymers are the most common type of plastic. Important examples can be distinguished by the R group in the monomer H2C=CHR: *
Polyethylene Polyethylene or (incorrectly) polythene (abbreviated PE; IUPAC The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC ) is an international federation of National Adhering Organizations that represents chemists in individual countri ...

Polyethylene
R = H *
polypropylene Polypropylene (PP), also known as polypropene, is a thermoplastic A thermoplastic, or thermosoftening plastic, is a plastic polymer material that becomes pliable or moldable at a certain elevated temperature and solidifies upon cooling. Most the ...

polypropylene
from
propylene Propene, also known as propylene, is an unsaturated organic compound , CH4; is among the simplest organic compounds. In chemistry Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with Chemical element, elements and chemical compound, comp ...

propylene
, R = CH3 *
Polystyrene Polystyrene (PS) is a synthetic aromatic forms of benzene (top) combine to produce an average structure (bottom) In chemistry Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with Chemical element, elements and chemical compound, com ...

Polystyrene
is made from
styrene Styrene () is an organic compound , CH4; is among the simplest organic compounds. In chemistry Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with Chemical element, elements and chemical compound, compounds composed of atoms, molecules an ...

styrene
, R = C6H5 *
Polyvinyl chloride Polyvinyl chloride (colloquial: polyvinyl, Vinyl polymer, vinyl; abbreviated: PVC) is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer (after polyethylene and polypropylene). About 40 million tons of PVC are produced each year. ...
(PVC) is made from
vinyl chloride Vinyl chloride is an organochloride An organochloride, organochlorine compound, chlorocarbon, or chlorinated hydrocarbon is an organic compound , CH4; is among the simplest organic compounds. In chemistry, organic compounds are generally any che ...
, R= Cl *
Polyvinyl acetate Polyvinyl acetate (PVA, PVAc, poly(ethenyl ethanoate)), commonly known as wood glue, white glue, carpenter's glue, school glue, or Elmer's glue in the US, is a widely available adhesive used for porous materials like wood, paper, and cloth. An a ...

Polyvinyl acetate
(PVAc) is made from
vinyl acetate Vinyl acetate is an organic compound , CH4; is among the simplest organic compounds. In chemistry, organic compounds are generally any chemical compounds that contain carbon-hydrogen chemical bond, bonds. Due to carbon's ability to Catenation, c ...

vinyl acetate
, R = O2CCH3 *
Polyacrylonitrile Polyacrylonitrile (PAN), also known as polyvinyl cyanide and Creslan 61, is a synthetic, semicrystalline organic polymer A polymer (; Greek '' poly-'', "many" + '' -mer'', "part") is a substance or material consisting of very large molecule ...

Polyacrylonitrile
is made from
acrylonitrile Acrylonitrile is an organic compound with the formula CH2CHCN. It is a colorless volatile liquid although commercial samples can be yellow due to impurities. It has a pungent odor of garlic or onions. In terms of its molecular structure, it cons ...
, R = CN : 400px, Vinyl polymers Vinyl polymers are produced using catalysts.
Ziegler–Natta catalystA Ziegler–Natta catalyst, named after Karl Ziegler and Giulio Natta, is a catalyst used in the synthesis of polymers of 1-alkenes (alpha-olefins). Two broad classes of Ziegler–Natta catalysts are employed, distinguished by their solubility: * Het ...
is a typical commercial catalyst for polyethylene and polypropylene.


See also

*
Acrylate polymerAcrylate polymers are a group of polymer A polymer (; Greek '' poly-'', "many" + '' -mer'', "part") is a substance or material consisting of very large molecule File:Pentacene on Ni(111) STM.jpg, A scanning tunneling microscopy image of pe ...


References

{{Reflist Organic polymers