A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a
hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few
hundred to a few thousand. Though often located in rural areas, the
term urban village is also applied to certain urban neighborhoods.
Villages are normally permanent, with fixed dwellings; however,
transient villages can occur. Further, the dwellings of a village are
fairly close to one another, not scattered broadly over the landscape,
as a dispersed settlement.
In the past, villages were a usual form of community for societies
that practice subsistence agriculture, and also for some
non-agricultural societies. In Great Britain, a hamlet earned the
right to be called a village when it built a church. In many
cultures, towns and cities were few, with only a small proportion of
the population living in them. The
Industrial Revolution attracted
people in larger numbers to work in mills and factories; the
concentration of people caused many villages to grow into towns and
cities. This also enabled specialization of labor and crafts, and
development of many trades. The trend of urbanization continues,
though not always in connection with industrialization.
Although many patterns of village life have existed, the typical
village was small, consisting of perhaps 5 to 30 families. Homes were
situated together for sociability and defence, and land surrounding
the living quarters was farmed. Traditional fishing villages were
based on artisan fishing and located adjacent to fishing grounds.
1 South Asia
2 Central Asia
3 East Asia
4 Southeast Asia
Malaysia and Singapore
5 Central and Eastern Europe
5.1 Slavic countries
6 Western and Southern Europe
6.6 United Kingdom
7 Middle East
8 Australasia and Oceania
9 South America
10 North America
10.2 United States
10.2.1 Incorporated villages
10.2.2 Unincorporated villages
11.2 South Africa
12 See also
12.1 Settlement types
12.2 Countries and localities
14 External links
Villages in Rajasthan, India
"The soul of
India lives in its villages", declared M. K. Gandhi at
the beginning of 20th century. According to the 2011 census of India,
68.84% of Indians (around 833.1 million people) live in 640,867
different villages. The size of these villages varies considerably.
236,004 Indian villages have a population of fewer than 500, while
3,976 villages have a population of 10,000+. Most of the villages have
their own temple, mosque, or church, depending on the local religious
Main article: Aul
Auyl (Kazakh: Ауыл) is a Kazakh word meaning "village" in
Kazakhstan. According to the 2009 census of Kazakhstan, 42.7% of
Kazakhs (7.5 million people) live in 8172 different villages. To
refer to this concept along with the word "auyl" often used the Slavic
word "selo" in Northern Kazakhstan.
A typical rural village in Hainan, China
People's Republic of China
In mainland China, villages 村 are divisions under township Zh:乡 or
Republic of China
Republic of China (Taiwan) In the
Republic of China
Republic of China (Taiwan), villages
are divisions under townships or county-controlled cities. The village
is called a tsuen or cūn (村) under a rural township (鄉) and a li
(里) under an urban township (鎮) or a county-controlled city. See
also Li (unit).
Shirakawa-gō, Gifu, Japan
Main article: Villages of Japan
Main article: Villages of South Korea
Main article: Villages of Brunei
In Brunei, villages are officially the third- and lowest-level
Brunei below districts and mukims. A village is
locally known by the Malay word kampung (sometimes spelt as
kampong). They may be villages in the strictest sense but may
also comprise designated residential settlements, both rural and
urban. The community of a village is headed by a village head (Malay:
ketua kampung). Communal infrastructure for the villagers may include
a primary school, a religious school providing ugama or Islamic
religious primary education which is compulsory for the Muslim pupils
in the country, a mosque, and a community centre (Malay: balai raya
or dewan kemasyarakatan).
Main article: Administrative village
The nagari of Pariangan, West Sumatra
In Indonesia, depending on the principles they are administered,
villages are called Kampung or Desa (officially kelurahan). A "Desa"
(a term that derives from a
Sanskrit word meaning "country" that is
found in the name "Bangladesh"=bangla and desh/desha) is administered
according to traditions and customary law (adat), while a kelurahan is
administered along more "modern" principles. Desa are generally
located in rural areas while kelurahan are generally urban
subdivisions. A village head is respectively called kepala desa or
lurah. Both are elected by the local community. A desa or kelurahan is
the subdivision of a kecamatan (subdistrict), in turn the subdivision
of a kabupaten (district) or kota (city).
The same general concept applies all over Indonesia. However, there is
some variation among the vast numbers of Austronesian ethnic groups.
For instance, in
Bali villages have been created by grouping
traditional hamlets or banjar, which constitute the basis of Balinese
social life. In the Minangkabau area in
West Sumatra province,
traditional villages are called nagari (a term deriving from another
Sanskrit word meaning "city", which can be found in the name like
"Srinagar"=sri and nagar/nagari). In some areas such as Tanah Toraja,
elders take turns watching over the village at a command
post. As a general rule, desa and kelurahan are
groupings of hamlets (kampung in Indonesian, dusun in the Javanese
language, banjar in Bali). a kampung is defined today as a village in
Brunei and Indonesia.
Malaysia and Singapore
Morten Village in Malacca, Malaysia
Kampung is a term used in Malaysia, (sometimes spelling kampong or
kompong in the English language) for "a Malay hamlet or village in a
Malay-speaking country". In Malaysia, a kampung is determined as a
locality with 10,000 or fewer people. Since historical times, every
Malay village came under the leadership of a penghulu (village chief),
who has the power to hear civil matters in his village (see Courts of
Malaysia for more details).
A Malay village typically contains a "masjid" (mosque) or "surau",
paddy fields and
Malay houses on stilts. Malay and Indonesian
villagers practice the culture of helping one another as a community,
which is better known as "joint bearing of burdens" (gotong
royong). They are family-oriented (especially the concept of
respecting one's family [particularly the parents and elders]),
courtesy and practice belief in
God ("Tuhan") as paramount to
everything else. It is common to see a cemetery near the mosque. All
Muslims in the Malay or Indonesian village want to be prayed for, and
to receive Allah's blessings in the afterlife. In
Sarawak and East
Kalimantan, some villages are called 'long', primarily inhabited by
the Orang Ulu.
Malaysian kampung are found in Singapore, but there are few kampung
villages remaining, mostly on islands surrounding Singapore, such as
Pulau Ubin. In the past, there were many kampung villages in Singapore
but development and urbanization have replaced them.
The term "kampung", sometimes spelled "kampong", is one of many Malay
words to have entered common usage in
Malaysia and Singapore. Locally,
the term is frequently used to refer to either one's hometown or a
rural village, depending on context.
Main article: Villages of Myanmar
In urban areas of the Philippines, the term "village" most commonly
refers to private subdivisions, especially gated communities. These
villages emerged in the mid-20th century and were initially the domain
of elite urban dwellers. Those are common in major cities in the
country and their residents have a wide range of income levels. Such
villages may or may not correspond to administrative units (usually
barangays) or be privately administered. Barangays more correspond to
the villages of old times, and the chairman (formerly a village datu)
now settles administrative, intrapersonal, and political matters or
police the village though with much less authority and respect than in
Indonesia or Malaysia.
Main article: Muban
Village, or "làng", is a basis of
Vietnam society. Vietnam's village
is the typical symbol of Asian agricultural
production. Vietnam's village typically contains: a village gate,
"lũy tre" (bamboo hedges), "đình làng" (communal house) where
"thành hoàng" (tutelary god) is worshiped, a common well, "đồng
lúa" (rice field), "chùa" (temple) and houses of all families in the
village. All the people in Vietnam's villages usually have a blood
relationship. They are farmers who grow rice and have the same
traditional handicraft. Vietnam's villages have an important role in
society (Vietnamese saying: "Custom rules the law" -"Phép vua thua
lệ làng" [literally: the king's law yields to village customs]). It
is common for Vietnamese villagers to prefer to be buried in their
village upon death.
Central and Eastern Europe
Lug, village in northern Serbia
Selo (Cyrillic: село; Polish: sioło) is a Slavic word meaning
"village" in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia,
Russia, Serbia, and Ukraine. For example, there are numerous sela
(plural of selo) called Novo Selo in Bulgaria, Croatia,
others in Serbia, and Macedonia. Another Slavic word for a village is
ves (Polish: wieś, Czech: ves, vesnice, Slovak: ves, Slovene: vas).
In Slovenia, the word selo is used for very small villages (fewer than
100 people) and in dialects; the Slovene word vas is used all over
Main article: List of villages in Bulgaria
Kovachevitsa, a village in southern Bulgaria
In Bulgaria, the different types of sela vary from a small selo of 5
to 30 families to one of several thousand people. According to a 2002
census, in that year there were 2,385,000 Bulgarian citizens living in
settlements classified as villages. A 2004 Human Settlement
Profile on Bulgaria conducted by the United Nations Department of
Economic and Social Affairs stated that:
The most intensive is the migration "city – city".
Approximately 46% of all migrated people have changed their residence
from one city to another. The share of the migration processes
"village – city" is significantly less – 23% and
"city – village" – 20%. The migration "village –
village" in 2002 is 11%.
It also stated that
the state of the environment in the small towns and villages is good
apart from the low level of infrastructure.
In Bulgaria, it is becoming popular to visit villages for the
atmosphere, culture, crafts, hospitality of the people and the
surrounding nature. This is called selski turizam (Bulgarian:
селски туризъм), meaning "village tourism".[citation
Nook of a village near Lake Baikal, Siberia
In Russia, as of the 2010 Census, 26.3% of the country's population
lives in rural localities; down from 26.7% recorded in the 2002
Census. Multiple types of rural localities exist, but the two most
common are derevnya (деревня) and selo (село).
Historically, the formal indication of status was religious: a city
(gorod) had a cathedral, a selo had a church, while a derevnya had
The lowest administrative unit of the Russian Empire, a volost, or its
Soviet or modern Russian successor, a selsoviet, was typically
headquartered in a selo and embraced a few neighboring villages.
In the 1960s–1970s, the depopulation of the smaller villages was
driven by the central planners' drive in order to get the farm workers
out of smaller, "prospect-less" hamlets and into the collective or
state farms' main villages or even larger towns and city, with more
Most Russian rural residents are involved in agricultural work, and it
is very common for villagers to produce their own food. As prosperous
urbanites purchase village houses for their second homes, Russian
villages sometimes are transformed into dacha settlements, used mostly
for seasonal residence.
The historically Cossack regions of Southern
Russia and parts of
Ukraine, with their fertile soil and absence of serfdom, had a rather
different pattern of settlement from central and northern Russia.
While peasants of central
Russia lived in a village around the lord's
manor, a Cossack family often lived on its own farm, called khutor. A
number of such khutors plus a central village made up the
administrative unit with a center in a stanitsa (Russian:
стани́ца; Ukrainian: станиця, stanytsia). Such
stanitsas often with a few thousand residents, were usually larger
than a typical selo in central Russia.
The term aul/aal is used to refer mostly Muslim-populated villages in
Caucasus and Idel-Ural, without regard to the number of residents.
Mayaky Village, Donetsk, Ukraine
The largest Ukrainian village ("selo") Kosmach
In Ukraine, a village, known locally as a "selo" (село), is
considered the lowest administrative unit. Villages may have an
individual administration (silrada) or a joint administration,
combining two or more villages. Villages may also be under the
jurisdiction of a city council (miskrada) or town council (selyshchna
There is, however, another smaller type of settlement which is
designated in Ukrainian as a selysche (селище). This type of
community is generally referred to in English as a "settlement". In
comparison with an urban-type settlement, Ukrainian legislation does
not have a concrete definition or a criterion to differentiate such
settlements from villages. They represent a type of a small rural
locality that might have once been a khutir, a fisherman's settlement,
or a dacha. They are administered by a silrada (council) located in a
nearby adjacent village. Sometimes, the term "selysche" is also used
in a more general way to refer to adjacent settlements near a bigger
city including urban-type settlements (selysche miskoho typu) or
villages. However, ambiguity is often avoided in connection with
urbanized settlements by referring to them using the three-letter
abbreviation smt instead.
The khutir (хутір) and stanytsia (станиця) are not part of
the administrative division any longer, primarily due to
collectivization. Khutirs were very small rural localities consisting
of just few housing units and were sort of individual farms. They
became really popular during the
Stolypin reform in the early 20th
century. During the collectivization, however, residents of such
settlements were usually declared to be kulaks and had all their
property confiscated and distributed to others (nationalized) without
any compensation. The stanitsa likewise has not survived as an
administrative term. The stanitsa was a type of a collective community
that could include one or more settlements such as villages, khutirs,
and others. Today, stanitsa-type formations have only survived in
Kuban (Russian Federation) where Ukrainians were resettled during the
time of the Russian Empire.
Western and Southern Europe
Saint-Cirq-Lapopie in Lot is one of "The Most Beautiful Villages in
A commune is considered as a village if it is not part a ville (urban
unit). For the Insee, an urban unit has more than 200 inhabitants
living in buildings less than 200 metres from each others. An
independent association named Les Plus Beaux Villages de France, was
created in 1982 to promote assets of small and picturesque French
villages of quality heritage. As of 2008, 152 villages in France have
been listed in "The Most Beautiful Villages of France".
The village of Collina, part of the
Forni Avoltri municipality, in
Town § Italy
In Italy, villages are spread throughout the country. No legal
definition of village exists in Italian law; nonetheless, a settlement
inhabited by less than 2000 people is usually described as "village".
More often, Italian villages that are a part of a municipality are
called frazione, whereas the village that hosts the municipal seat is
called paese (town) or capoluogo.
In Spain, a village (pueblo or aldea) refers to a small population
unit, smaller than a town (villa) and a city (ciudad), typically
located in a rural environment. While commonly it is the smallest
administrative unit (municipio), it is possible for a village to be
legally composed of smaller population units in its territory. There
is not a clear-cut distinction between villages, towns and cities in
Spain, since they had been traditionally categorized according to
their religious importance and their relationship with surrounding
Villages are more usual in the northern and central regions, Azores
Islands and in the Alentejo. Most of them have a church and a "Casa do
Povo" (people's house), where the village's summer romarias or
religious festivities are usually held. Summer is also when many
villages are host to a range of folk festivals and fairs, taking
advantage of the fact that many of the locals who reside abroad tend
to come back to their native village for the holidays.
In the flood prone districts of the Netherlands, villages were
traditionally built on low man-made hills called terps before the
introduction of regional dyke-systems. In modern days, the term dorp
(lit. "village") is usually applied to settlements no larger than
20,000, though there's no official law regarding status of settlements
in the Netherlands.
See also: List of the largest villages in England
Shortstown in the
Eastcotts Parish, Bedford, Bedfordshire
A village in the UK is a compact settlement of houses, smaller in size
than a town, and generally based on agriculture or, in some areas,
mining (such as Ouston,
County Durham), quarrying or sea fishing. They
are very similar to those in Ireland.
The main street of the village of Castle Combe, Wiltshire, England
The major factors in the type of settlement are location of water
sources, organisation of agriculture and landholding, and likelihood
of flooding. For example, in areas such as the Lincolnshire Wolds, the
villages are often found along the spring line halfway down the
hillsides, and originate as spring line settlements, with the original
open field systems around the village. In northern Scotland, most
villages are planned to a grid pattern located on or close to major
roads, whereas in areas such as the Forest of Arden, woodland
clearances produced small hamlets around village greens.
Because of the topography of the
Clent Hills the north Worcestershire
Clent is an example of a village with no centre but instead
consists of series of hamlets scattered on and around the Hills.
Some villages have disappeared (for example, deserted medieval
villages), sometimes leaving behind a church or manor house and
sometimes nothing but bumps in the fields. Some show archaeological
evidence of settlement at three or four different layers, each
distinct from the previous one. Clearances may have been to
accommodate sheep or game estates, or enclosure, or may have resulted
from depopulation, such as after the
Black Death or following a move
of the inhabitants to more prosperous districts. Other villages have
grown and merged and often form hubs within the general mass of
Hampstead, London and
Didsbury in Manchester. Many
villages are now predominantly dormitory locations and have suffered
the loss of shops, churches and other facilities.
For many British people, the village represents an ideal of Great
Britain. Seen as being far from the bustle of modern life, it is
represented as quiet and harmonious, if a little inward-looking. This
concept of an unspoilt Arcadia is present in many popular
representations of the village such as the radio serial
The Archers or
the best kept village competitions.
Bisley, Gloucestershire, a village in the Cotswolds
Many villages in South Yorkshire, North Nottinghamshire, North East
South Wales and
Northumberland are known as
pit villages. These (such as Murton,
County Durham) grew from hamlets
when the sinking of a colliery in the early 20th century resulted in a
rapid growth in their population and the colliery owners built new
housing, shops, pubs and churches. Some pit villages outgrew nearby
towns by area and population; for example,
Rossington in South
Yorkshire came to have over four times more people than the nearby
town of Bawtry. Some pit villages grew to become towns; for example,
South Yorkshire grew from 600 people in the 19th century
to over 17,000 in 2007. Maltby was constructed under the auspices
of the Sheepbridge Coal and Iron Company and included ample open
spaces and provision for gardens.
In the UK, the main historical distinction between a hamlet and a
village was that the latter had a church, and so usually was the
centre of worship for an ecclesiastical parish. However, some civil
parishes may contain more than one village. The typical village had a
pub or inn, shops, and a blacksmith. But many of these facilities are
now gone, and many villages are dormitories for commuters. The
population of such settlements ranges from a few hundred people to
around five thousand. A village is distinguished from a town in that:
A village should not have a regular agricultural market, although
today such markets are uncommon even in settlements which clearly are
A village does not have a town hall nor a mayor.
If a village is the principal settlement of a civil parish, then any
administrative body that administers it at parish level should be
called a parish council or parish meeting, and not a town council or
city council. However, some civil parishes have no functioning parish,
town, or city council nor a functioning parish meeting. In Wales,
where the equivalent of an English civil parish is called a Community,
the body that administers it is called a Community Council. However,
larger councils may elect to call themselves town councils. Unlike
Wales, Scottish community councils have no statutory powers.
There should be a clear green belt or open fields, as, for example,
seen on aerial maps for Ouston surrounding its parish borders.
However this may not be applicable to urbanised villages: although
these may not considered to be villages, they are often widely
referred to as being so; an example of this is
Horsforth in Leeds.
The main square of Saifi
Village in Centre Ville, Beirut, Lebanon
Like France, villages in
Lebanon are usually located in remote
mountainous areas. The majority of villages in
Lebanon retain their
Aramaic names or are derivative of the
Aramaic names, and this is
Aramaic was still in use in Mount
Lebanon up to the 18th
Many of the Lebanese villages are a part of districts, these districts
are known as "kadaa" which includes the districts of Baabda (Baabda),
Aley (Aley), Matn (Jdeideh), Keserwan (Jounieh), Chouf (Beiteddine),
Jbeil (Byblos), Tripoli (Tripoli), Zgharta (Zgharta / Ehden), Bsharri
(Bsharri), Batroun (Batroun), Koura (Amioun), Miniyeh-Danniyeh (Minyeh
/ Sir Ed-Danniyeh), Zahle (Zahle), Rashaya (Rashaya), Western Beqaa
(Jebjennine / Saghbine), Sidon (Sidon), Jezzine (Jezzine), Tyre
(Tyre), Nabatiyeh (Nabatiyeh), Marjeyoun (Marjeyoun), Hasbaya
(Hasbaya), Bint Jbeil (Bint Jbeil), Baalbek (Baalbek), and Hermel
The district of Danniyeh consists of thirty six small villages, which
includes Almrah, Kfirchlan, Kfirhbab, Hakel al Azimah, Siir, Bakhoun,
Miryata, Assoun, Sfiiri, Kharnoub, Katteen, Kfirhabou, Zghartegrein,
Danniyeh (known also as Addinniyeh, Al Dinniyeh, Al Danniyeh, Arabic:
سير الضنية) is a region located in Miniyeh-Danniyeh District
in the North
Governorate of Lebanon. The region lies east of Tripoli,
extends north as far as Akkar District, south to Bsharri
District and as far east as Baalbek and Hermel. Dinniyeh has
an excellent ecological environment filled with woodlands, orchards
and groves. Several villages are located in this mountainous area, the
largest town being Sir Al Dinniyeh.
An example of a typical mountainous Lebanese village in Dannieh would
be Hakel al Azimah which is a small village that belongs to the
district of Danniyeh, situated between Bakhoun and Assoun's
boundaries. It is in the centre of the valleys that lie between the
Arbeen Mountains and the Khanzouh.
Al-Annaze village, near Tartus, Syria
Syria contains a large number of villages that vary in size and
importance, including the ancient, historical and religious villages,
such as Ma'loula, Sednaya, and Brad (Mar Maroun's time). The diversity
of the Syrian environments creates significant differences between the
Syrian villages in terms of the economic activity and the method of
adoption. Villages in the south of
Syria (Hauran, Jabal al-Druze), the
north-east (the Syrian island) and the
Orontes River basin depend
mostly on agriculture, mainly grain, vegetables and fruits. Villages
in the region of
Aleppo depend on trading. Some other
villages, such as
Marmarita depend heavily on tourist activity.
Mediterranean cities in Syria, such as
Latakia have similar
types of villages. Mainly, villages were built in very good sites
which had the fundamentals of the rural life, like water. An example
of a Mediterranean Syrian village in
Tartus would be al-Annazah, which
is a small village that belongs to the area of al-Sauda. The area of
al-Sauda is called a nahiya, which is a subdistrict.
Australasia and Oceania
The village of Puamau on Hiva Oa, Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia
Pacific Islands Communities on pacific islands were historically
called villages by English speakers who traveled and settled in the
area. Some communities such as several
Villages of Guam
Villages of Guam continue to be
called villages despite having large populations that can exceed
New Zealand The traditional Māori village was the pā, a fortified
hill-top settlement. Tree-fern logs and flax were the main building
materials. As in Australia (see below) the term is now used mainly in
respect of shopping or other planned areas.
Australia The term village often is used in reference to small planned
communities such as retirement communities or shopping districts, and
tourist areas such as ski resorts. Small rural communities are usually
known as townships. Larger settlements are known as towns.
Argentina Usually set in remote mountainous areas, some also cater to
winter sports or tourism. See Uspallata, La Cumbrecita,
and La Cumbre.
In contrast to the Old World, the concept of village in today's North
America north of Mexico is largely disconnected from its rural and
communal origins. The situation is different in Mexico because of its
large bulk of indigenous population living in traditional villages.
Municipal government in Canada
A Newfoundland fishing village
Village (United States)
A church in Newfane, Vermont
In twenty U.S. states, the term "village" refers to a specific
form of incorporated municipal government, similar to a city but with
less authority and geographic scope. However, this is a generality; in
many states, there are villages that are an order of magnitude larger
than the smallest cities in the state. The distinction is not
necessarily based on population, but on the relative powers granted to
the different types of municipalities and correspondingly, different
obligations to provide specific services to residents.
In some states such as New York, Wisconsin, or Michigan, a village is
usually an incorporated municipality, within a single town or civil
township. In some cases, the village may be coterminous with the town
or township. There are also villages that span the boundaries of more
than one town or township; some villages may straddle county borders.
There is no population limit to villages in New York. Hempstead, the
largest village, has 55,000 residents; making it more populous than
some of the state's cities. However; villages in the state may not
exceed five square miles (13 km²) in area.
Michigan and Illinois
also have no set population limit for villages and there are many
villages that are larger than cities in those states. The village of
Arlington Heights, IL had 75,101 residents as of the 2010 census.
In Michigan, a village is always legally part of a township. Villages
can incorporate land in multiple townships and even multiple counties.
The largest village in the state is Beverly Hills in Southfield
Township which had a population of 10,267 as of the 2010 census.
In the state of Wisconsin, a village is always legally separate from
the towns that it has been incorporated from. The largest village is
Menomonee Falls, which has over 32,000 residents.
Ohio villages are often legally part of the township from which
they were incorporated, although exceptions such as Hiram exist, in
which the village is separate from the township. They have no area
limitations, but become cities if they grow a population of more than
In Maryland, a locality designated "
Village of ..." may be either an
incorporated town or a special tax district. An example of the
latter is the
Village of Friendship Heights.
In states that have New England towns, a "village" is a center of
population or trade, including the town center, in an otherwise
sparsely developed town or city — for instance, the village of
Hyannis in the town of the Barnstable, Massachusetts.
In North Carolina, the only difference between cities, towns, and
villages is the term itself. 
Oracle, Arizona is an unincorporated rural town often called a village
in local media
In many states, the term "village" is used to refer to a relatively
small unincorporated community, similar to a hamlet in New York state.
This informal usage may be found even in states that have villages as
an incorporated municipality, although such usage might be considered
incorrect and confusing.
A village in Kaita, Nigeria
Nigeria vary significantly because of cultural and
In the North, villages were under traditional rulers long before the
Jihad of Shaikh Uthman Bin Fodio and after the Holy War. At that time
Traditional rulers used to have absolute power in their administrative
regions. After Dan Fodio's
Jihad in 1804, political structure of
the North became Islamic where emirs were the political,
administrative and spiritual leaders of their people. These emirs
appointed a number of people to assisted them in running the
administration and that included villages.
Every Hausa village was reigned by Magaji (
Village head) who was
answerable to his Hakimi (mayor) at town level. The Magaji also had
his cabinet who assisted him rule his village efficiently, among whom
was Mai-Unguwa (Ward Head).
With the creation of Native Authority in Nigerian provinces, the
autocratic power of village heads along with all other traditional
rulers was subdued hence they ruled 'under the guidance of colonial
Even though the constitution of the Federal Republic of
not recognised the functions of traditional rulers, they still command
respect in their villages and political office holders liaise with
them almost every time to reach people.
In Hausa language, village is called ƙauye and every local government
area is made up of several small and large ƙauyuka (villages). For
Girka is a village in Kaita town in Katsina state in
Nigeria. They have mud houses with thatched roofing though, like in
most of villages in the North, zinc roofing is becoming a common
Still in many villages in the North, people do not have access to
portable water. So they fetch water from ponds and streams. Others
are lucky to have wells within a walking distance. Women rush in the
morning to fetch water in their clay pots from wells, boreholes and
streams. However, government is now providing them with water bore
Electricity and GSM network are reaching more and more villages in the
North almost everyday. So bad feeder roads may lead to remote villages
with electricity and unstable GSM network.
Village dwellers in the Southeastern region lived separately in
'clusters of huts belonging to the patrilinage'. As the rainforest
region is dominated by Igbo speaking people, the villages are called
ime obodo (inside town) in Igbo language. A typical large village
might have a few thousand persons who shared the same market, meeting
place and beliefs.
In South Africa the majority of people in rural areas reside in
villages. They vary in size from having an population of less than 500
to around 1000
Countries and localities
Dhani and villages
List of villages in Europe by country
Sołectwo (rough equivalent in Poland)
^ a b Dr Greg Stevenson, "What is a Village?" Archived 23 August 2006
at the Wayback Machine., Exploring British Villages, BBC, 2006,
accessed 20 October 2009
^ R.K. Bhatnagar. INDIA’S MEMBERSHIP OF ITER PROJECT. PRESS
INFORMATION BUREAU. GOVERNMENT OF INDIA, BANGALORE
^ "Indian Census". Censusindia.gov.in. Archived from the original on
14 May 2007. Retrieved 2012-04-09.
^ Қазақ тілі термиңдерінің салалық
ғылыми түсіндірме сөздігі: География
және геодезия. — Алматы: "Мектеп"
баспасы, 2007. — 264 бет. ISBN 9965-36-367-6
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 November 2013.
Retrieved 14 March 2014. .
^ a b "Tutong District" (PDF). www.information.gov.bn. p. 7-9.
Brunei Postcode". brn.postcodebase.com. Retrieved
Brunei will remain a MIB-guided nation, thanks to religious
education Borneo Bulletin Online". borneobulletin.com.bn. Retrieved
^ "Meriam-Webster Online". M-w.com. 2007-04-25. Retrieved
^ Geertz, Clifford. "Local Knowledge: Fact and Law in Comparative
Perspective", pp. 167–234 in Geertz Local Knowledge: Further Essays
in Interpretive Anthropology, NY: Basic Books. 1983.
^ a b c "Human Settlement
Bulgaria (2004)" (PDF).
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Retrieved
^ HUMAN SETTLEMENT COUNTRY PROFILE: BULGARIA. United Nations (2004)
^ a b
Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011).
"Всероссийская перепись населения 2010
года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census,
vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись
населения 2010 года (2010 All-
Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June
^ "Российское село в демографическом
Russia measured demographically) (in
Russian). This article reports the following census statistics:
Total number of rural localities in Russia
Of them, with population 1 to 10 persons
Of them, with population 11 to 200 persons
^ (in French)
Ville - definition on the insee.fr site.
^ Wild, Martin Trevor (2004).
Village England: A Social History of the
Countryside. I.B.Tauris. p. 12.
^ Taylor, Christopher (1984).
Village and farmstead: A History of
Rural Settlement in England. G. Philip. p. 192.
^ OECD (2011). OECD
Rural Policy Reviews: England, United Kingdom
2011. OECD Publishing. p. 237. ISBN 9264094423.
^ The Parliamentary gazetteer of England and Wales. 3. A. Fullarton
& Co. 1851. p. 344.
^ "Maltby Ward". Rotherham Metropolitan
Borough Council. Retrieved
^ Baylies, Carolyn Louise (1993). The history of the Yorkshire miners,
1881–1918. Routledge. ISBN 0415093597.
^ "National Statistics". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved
^ "Portobello Community Council". Porty.org.uk. Retrieved
Parish Council". durham.gov.uk.
^ "A project proposal". Almashriq.hiof.no. Retrieved 2010-03-28.
^ "Village". Websters-online-dictionary.org. Retrieved
^ "Detailed map of Ohio" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 2000.
Ohio Revised Code Section 703.01(A)". Retrieved 2010-03-28.
^ 2002 Census of Governments, Individual State Descriptions (PDF)
^ 2012 Census of Governments, Individual State Descriptions (PDF)
^ The New Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol. 6, 15th Edition.
ISBN 0-85229-961-3, p. 763
^ Sani Abubakar Lugga. The Great Province, Lugga Press Gidan Lugga,
Kofar Marusa Road, Katsina Nigeria, ISBN 978-2105-48-1, p. 43
^ Sani Abubakar Lugga. The Great Province, Lugga Press Gidan Lugga,
Kofar Marusa Road, Katsina Nigeria, ISBN 978-2105-48-1, p. 63
^ a b A Johnson Ugoji Anyaele. Comprehensive Government, A Johnson
Publishers LTD. Surulere, Lagos. ISBN 978-2799-49-1, p. 123
^ Adesiyun, A. A.; Adekeye, J. O.; Umoh, J. U.; Nadarajab, M. (1983).
"Studies on well water and possible health risks in Katsina, Nigeria".
The Journal of hygiene. 90 (2): 199–205.
doi:10.1017/S0022172400028862. PMC 2134251 .
^ How Katsina state is doing so much with so little.
abrahamplace.blogspot.jp (29 October 2012; original from
^ Nigerian Operator Expands Coverage. cellular-news.com (5 April
^ Village. igboguide.org
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Villages.
Look up village in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Types of villages (anthropogenic biomes)
Village Communities". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.).
 audio recording of Indonesian kampung sounds
Designations for types of administrative territorial entities
Common English terms1
Local government area
Combined statistical area
Metropolitan statistical area
Micropolitan statistical area
Free imperial city
Royal free city
Indian government district
Regional county municipality
Mountain resort municipality
Special administrative region
Federal capital territory
Organized incorporated territory
Autonomous territorial unit
Local administrative unit
Exclusive economic zone
Free economic zone
Special economic zone
Other English terms
Non-English or loanwords
Kunta / kommun
Arabic terms for country subdivisions
Muhafazah (محافظة governorate)
Wilayah (ولاية province)
Mintaqah (منطقة region)
Mudiriyah (مديرية directorate)
Imarah (إمارة emirate)
Baladiyah (بلدية municipality)
Shabiyah (شعبية "popularate")
Second / third-level
Mintaqah (منطقة region)
Qadaa (قضاء district)
Nahiyah (ناحية subdistrict)
Markaz (مركز district)
Mutamadiyah (معتمدية "delegation")
Daerah/Daïra (دائرة circle)
Liwa (لواء banner / sanjak)
City / township-level
Amanah (أمانة municipality)
Baladiyah (بلدية municipality)
Ḥai (حي neighborhood / quarter)
Sheyakhah (شياخة "neighborhood subdivision")
English translations given are those most commonly used.
French terms for country subdivisions
Greek terms for country subdivisions
apokentromenes dioikiseis / geniki dioikisis§ / diamerisma§ /
nomos§ / periphereiaki enotita
demos / eparchia§ / koinotita§
§ signifies a defunct institution
Portuguese terms for country subdivisions
Historical subdivisions in italics.
Slavic terms for country subdivisions
krajina / pokrajina
oblast / oblast' / oblasti / oblys / obwód / voblast'
opština / općina / občina / obshtina
powiat / povit
selsoviet / silrada
voivodeship / vojvodina
guberniya / gubernia
starostwo / starostva
Spanish terms for country subdivisions
Historical subdivisions in italics.
Turkish terms for country subdivisions
ağalık (feudal district)
reya (Romanian principalities)
voyvodalık (Romanian provinces)
1 Used by ten or more countries or having derived terms. Historical
derivations in italics.
See also: Census division, Electoral district, Political division, and
List of administrative divisions by country