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Vidzeme
Vidzeme
(Livonian: Vidūmō)[1] is one of the historical and cultural regions of Latvia. Literally meaning "the Middle Land", it is situated in north-central Latvia
Latvia
north of the Daugava River. Sometimes in German, it is also known as Livland, the German form from Latin Livonia, though it comprises only a small part of Medieval Livonia
Medieval Livonia
and about half (Latvian part) of Swedish Livonia. Vidzemes guberņa – Livland Governorate
Livland Governorate
is also bigger than Vidzeme, since it corresponds roughly to Swedish Livonia.

Contents

1 History 2 See also 3 External links 4 References

History[edit] In ancient times the territory of Vidzeme
Vidzeme
was inhabited by Latgalians and Livs (near the coast of the Gulf of Riga and along the lower reaches of the Daugava and Gauja
Gauja
rivers). Until the German conquest in the 13th century the Daugava, which now forms the south-east border of Vidzeme, was the boundary between the lands of the Livs and Latgalians on the right bank and those of the Semigallians
Semigallians
and Selonians
Selonians
on the left bank of the river. The most notable Latgalian region in today’s Vidzeme
Vidzeme
was Tālava. After the Livonian War
Livonian War
part of the Livonian Confederation
Livonian Confederation
on the right bank of the Daugava river and the Patrimony of Riga was ceded to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and the Duchy of Livonia
Duchy of Livonia
(the left bank forming the Duchy of Courland and Semigalia). After the Polish-Swedish War concluded by the Truce of Altmark
Truce of Altmark
in 1629 Sweden acquired the western part of the Duchy of Livonia
Duchy of Livonia
roughly as far as the Aiviekste River, since then forming Vidzeme's eastern border. During the course of the Great Northern War
Great Northern War
Swedish Livonia was conquered by the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
and ceded to Russia at the Treaty of Nystad in 1721. In place of Livonia the Russians created the Riga Governorate, but in 1796 the Riga Governorate was renamed the Governorate of Livonia
Governorate of Livonia
(Latvian: Vidzemes guberņa, German: Livländisches Gouvernement, Russian: Лифляндская губерния / Liflyandskaya guberniya, Estonian: Liivimaa kubermang). After the end of World War I
World War I
it was split between the newly independent countries of Latvia
Latvia
and Estonia.

Historical regions of Latvia, together with Latvian cultural groups.

See also[edit]

Vidzeme
Vidzeme
Upland

External links[edit]

Vidzeme
Vidzeme
Tourism Portal Vidzeme
Vidzeme
University

References[edit]

^ Līvõkīel-ēstikīel-lețkīel sõnārōntõz: Vidzeme

Coordinates: 57°20′N 25°37′E / 57.333°N 25.617°E / 57

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