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The Kingdom of the Videhas
Kingdom of the Videhas
(also known as Mithila and Tirabhuki[5]) was an ancient kingdom in Vedic India[6] which rose to prominence under King Janaka. The ancient kingdom's territory is presently located in Mithila region of Northern and eastern Bihar
Bihar
of India
India
and the eastern Terai
Terai
of Nepal.[5][7]

Contents

1 History 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

History[edit] During the late Vedic period
Vedic period
(c. 1100 – c. 500 BCE), Videha
Videha
became one of the major political and cultural centers of South Asia, along with Kuru and Pañcāla.[8] Late Vedic literature
Vedic literature
such as the Brahmanas and the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad
both mention Janaka, as a great philosopher-king of Videha, renowned for his patronage of Vedic culture and philosophy, and whose court was an intellectual centre for Rishi
Rishi
(sages) such as Yajnavalkya.[9] Raychaudhuri suggests 12th- to 7th-century BCE range, while Witzel suggests c. 900 to 500 BCE for the Brahmanas and Upanishads composition period in Videha.[10] The Vedic school of Aitareyins probably moved to Videha
Videha
and other centers of scholarship, during the late Vedic period.[11] The region and culture of Videha
Videha
is often mentioned in Hindu literature.[12] The texts mention the idea of royal dynasty and the tradition of philosopher-kings who renounce, with examples including Nami (or Nimi in some texts), Janaka
Janaka
and other kings.[12] Their stories are found in ancient surviving Hindu, Buddhist and Jaina texts, suggesting that renunciation by kings was a respected tradition before the birth of Buddha, and that this tradition was also broadly accepted in regions other than Videha, such as in Pancala, Kalinga and Gandhara.[12] King Nimi or Nami of Videha
Videha
is included as the 21st of the twenty four Tirthankaras in Jainism (not to be confused with closely spelled Nemi, the 22nd Tirthankara).[12] Towards the end of the Vedic period, Videha
Videha
likely became part of the Vriji (Pali: Vajji) confederation and subsequently into the Magadha empire.[13] The Videha
Videha
kingdom is also mentioned in the Sanskrit epics, the Mahabharata
Mahabharata
and the Ramayana. In the Ramayana, Sita
Sita
is the princess from Videha,[12] who marries Rama
Rama
creating an alliance between the kingdoms of Kosala
Kosala
and Videha.[1] The capital of Videha, is believed to be either Janakpur
Janakpur
(in present-day Nepal),[1] or Baliraajgadh (in present-day Madhubani district, Bihar, India).[14] See also[edit]

Maithils Vedic Civilization Kuru, Panchala, Kosala Kingdoms of Ancient India Mithila, India

References[edit]

^ a b c Raychaudhuri (1972) ^ http://www.newsofbihar.com/khas-khabar/kaun-lega-mithila-key-baliraajgadh-ki-sudhi.html ^ Ben-Ami Scharfstein (1998), A comparative history of world philosophy: from the Upanishads to Kant, Albany: State University of New York Press, pp. 9-11 ^ Raychaudhuri Hemchandra (1972), Political History of Ancient India, Calcutta: University of Calcutta, pp. 85–86 ^ a b Dilip K. Chakrabarti (2001). Archaeological Geography of the Ganga Plain: The Lower and the Middle Ganga. Orient Blackswan. pp. 207–. ISBN 978-81-7824-016-9.  ^ Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, pages 13, 17 116-124, 141-143 ^ Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, pages 13, 17 116-124, 141-143 ^ Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, pages 13, 141-143 ^ H. C. Raychaudhuri (1972), Political History of Ancient India
India
and Nepal, Calcutta: University of Calcutta, pp.41–52 ^ Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, pages 13, 39-46, 141-143 ^ Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, pages 76-77, 125 ^ a b c d e Geoffrey Samuel, (2010) The Origins of Yoga and Tantra: Indic Religions to the Thirteenth Century, Cambridge University Press, pages 69-70 ^ H.C. Raychaudhuri (1972), pp. 70-76 ^ http://www.newsofbihar.com/khas-khabar/kaun-lega-mithila-key-baliraajgadh-ki-sudhi.html

Mahabharata
Mahabharata
of Krishna Dwaipayana Vyasa, translated to English by Kisari Mohan Ganguli The Geography of India: Sacred and Historic Places. Britannica Educational Publishing. 

External links[edit]

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Tribes and kingdoms mentioned in the Mahabharata

Abhira Andhra Anarta Anga Anupa Assaka Asmaka Avanti Ay Bahlika Bhārata Chedi Chera Chola Chinas Dakshina Kosala Dakshinatya Danda Dasarna Dasharna Dasherka Dwaraka Gandhāra Garga Gomanta Gopa Rashtra Hara Huna Heheya Himalaya Huna Kanchi Kasmira Kalakuta Kalinga Kamboja Karnata Karusha Kashi Kekeya Kerala Khasa Kikata Kirata Kishkindha Konkana Kosala Kuninda Kunti Kuru Lanka Madra Madraka Magadha Maha Chinas Mahisha Malla Malava Matsya Mekhalas Mleccha Mudgala Mushika Nasikya Nepa Niharas Nishada Odra Pallava Panchala Pandya Parada Parama Kamboja Parasika Parvartaka Parvata Paurava Pishacha Pragjyotisha Pratyagratha Prasthala Pundra Pulinda Saka Salva Salveya Salwa Saraswata Saurashtra Sauvira Shakya Sindhu Sinhala Sivi Sonita Sudra Suhma Surparaka Surasena Tangana Trigarta Tulu Tushara Ursa Uttara Kuru Uttara Madra Utkala Vanga Vatadhana Vatsa Videha Vidarbha Yavana Yaudheya

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