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Vidarbha
Vidarbha
is the eastern region of the Indian state of Maharashtra, comprising Nagpur
Nagpur
Division and Amravati
Amravati
Division. Its former name is Berar (Varhad in Marathi).[2][3] It occupies 31.6% of the total area and holds 21.3% of the total population of Maharashtra.[1] It borders the state of Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh
to the north, Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
to the east, Telangana
Telangana
to the south and Marathwada
Marathwada
and Khandesh
Khandesh
regions of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
to the west. Situated in central India, Vidarbha
Vidarbha
has its own rich, cultural and historical background distinct from rest of Maharashtra. The largest city in Vidarbha
Vidarbha
is Nagpur. A majority of Vidarbhians speak Varhadi and Zadi dialects of Marathi.[4] The Nagpur
Nagpur
region is famous for growing oranges and cotton. Vidarbha holds two-thirds of Maharashtra's mineral resources and three-quarters of its forest resources, and is a net producer of power.[5] Vidarbha has Tadoba Andhari Tiger Project, Melghat
Melghat
Tiger Reserve, Pench Tiger Reserve, Bor Wildlife Sanctuary, Navegaon National Park, Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary and Umred
Umred
Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary, all are located in Vidarbha
Vidarbha
region. Pench Tiger Reserve
Pench Tiger Reserve
is one of the premier tiger reserves of India
India
and the only one to straddle across two states - Maharashtra
Maharashtra
and Madhya Pradesh. Throughout its history, Vidarbha
Vidarbha
has remained much calmer than the rest of India, especially during the communal troubles; but it is plagued very much by poverty[6] and malnutrition.[7] It is less economically prosperous compared to the rest of Maharashtra.[8] In recent times, there have been calls for a separate state of Vidarbha, due to perceived neglect from the Government of Maharashtra and incompetent political leadership in Vidarbha. The living conditions of farmers in this region are poor compared to India
India
as a whole. There have been more than 200,000 farmers' suicides in Maharashtra
Maharashtra
in a decade, of which 70% being in the 11 districts of Vidarbha
Vidarbha
region.[9] Though rich in minerals, coal, forests and mountains, this region has mostly remained underdeveloped because of the continuous dominance of political leadership from the other parts of the state, especially Western Maharashtra.[citation needed]Though being culturally, politically and financially different from the rest of Maharashtra, the calls for a separate state rose to prominence only when the leaders from this region were sidelined by other political leaders in the Government of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
in recent years.[10] Statehood demands have not been fulfilled mainly due to the opposition from a major state political party, the Shiv Sena.[11]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Ancient period 1.2 Medieval period 1.3 Modern period

2 Geography 3 Administration 4 Demographics 5 Language and Culture 6 Economy

6.1 Agriculture 6.2 Mineral wealth 6.3 Industry

7 Education 8 Sports 9 Tourism 10 Politics

10.1 Representation in Lok Sabha 10.2 Representation in Vidhan Sabha 10.3 Separate statehood movement

11 See also 12 References 13 External links

History[edit]

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Ancient period[edit]

Coin of the Vidarbhas of the Deccan. Uncertain ruler. (1st century BCE). Obv Linear cross with each arm terminating in pellet-in-annulet. Rev Tree in railing.

Vidarbha
Vidarbha
was ruled by the Vakataka dynasty
Vakataka dynasty
in the 3rd and 4th centuries BCE. It consists of two branches - The Pravarapura Nandivardhana and Vatsagulma (now called as Washim) branches. The Pravarapura Nandivardhana branch ruled from different capitals like Pravarapura (Paunar) in Wardha district
Wardha district
and Mansar and Nandivardhan (Nagardhan) in Nagpur
Nagpur
district. This branch used to maintain matrimonial alliances with the Guptas. The Vatsagulma branch was founded by Sarvasena, the second son of Pravarasena I
Pravarasena I
after his death. Sarvasena
Sarvasena
made Vatsagulma (present-day Washim) his capital. The territory ruled by this branch was between the Sahydri Range and the Godavari
Godavari
River. They patronised some of the Buddhist caves at Ajanta. Prabhavatigupta was the queen and regent of the Vākāṭaka Empire. Her father was Chandragupta II
Chandragupta II
of the Gupta Empire and her mother was Kuberanaga of the Naga. She married Rudrasena II of the Vākāṭaka. After his death in 385, she ruled as regent for her two young sons, Divakarasena and Damodarasena for twenty years.[citation needed] This region is named after the mythological Vidarbha Kingdom
Vidarbha Kingdom
mentioned in the Mahabharata. Medieval period[edit]

Coin of king Jagadeva
Jagadeva
of the Paramaras of Vidarbha, 12th-13th centuries CE.

Nagpur
Nagpur
was the capital of the Berar Subah, known as the Gulshan-e-Berar in the Medieval period from the rule of the Khaljis to the Mughals
Mughals
according to the Ain-i-Akbari
Ain-i-Akbari
and Alamgir Namah.[citation needed] report the Berar is hole Fourteen sarkar of Vidarhbha region and Sawai Shiri Shrimant Santaji Bhonsle
Bhonsle
deputy "Sena Sahibe -E-Subah of Berar and Gondwana. He was the father-in-law of Aurangzeb's grandson "Bedar Bakht Mirza, son of Mirza Mohammed Azam Shah Emperor of India, Buland Bakht the king of Gondwana in 1681 deputed by Aurangzeb Alamgeer Emperor of India
India
after sultan Chand Shah son of Buland Bakht After the death of Sultanchand Shah widow wife call Relative of "Sena Sahib-E-Subah". Raghuji Bhonsle
Bhonsle
"I" In 1732 Raghuji Bhonsle
Bhonsle
"I"appointed Military officer for collection of revenue and chauth for sultan chand shah family. Then Bhonsle
Bhonsle
dynasty of Marathas who in the mid-eighteenth century created an independent Hindu princely state that covered much of east-central India. After their defeat in the Third Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
War in 1818, the Bhonsle
Bhonsle
dominions were reduced to the Nagpur
Nagpur
division. In 1853 the last Maharaja of Nagpur
Nagpur
died without a male heir and subsequently Nagpur
Nagpur
division was incorporated into mainstream British India. Nagpur
Nagpur
division became a part of the British Raj's Central Provinces
Central Provinces
in 1861. Modern period[edit]

map of Central Provinces
Central Provinces
and Berar regions of British India. Nagpur
Nagpur
is shown as capital of Central provinces

Amravati
Amravati
division, formerly known as Berar division, was administered by the Nizam of Hyderabad until 1853. In that year, citing misgovernance by the Nizam, the British colonial administration took direct control over the province. Berar was added to the Central Provinces in 1903. During India's independence struggle Nagpur
Nagpur
hosted the sessions of Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
several times. Sevagram
Sevagram
was arguably the capital of nationalistic India
India
during the Gandhian era. After India's independence in 1947, Central Provinces
Central Provinces
and Berar became the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. In 1956 Vidarbha
Vidarbha
was transferred to Bombay state
Bombay state
along with all Marathi-speaking areas. In 1960 Bombay State was split along linguistic lines into the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat. Marathi-speaking Vidarbha
Vidarbha
became part of the state of Maharashtra. Geography[edit] Geographically Vidarbha
Vidarbha
lies on the northern part of Deccan Plateau. Unlike the Western Ghats, there are no major hilly areas . The Satpura Range lies to the north of Vidarbha
Vidarbha
region in Madhya Pradesh. The Melghat
Melghat
area of Amravati
Amravati
district is on southern offshoot of the Satpura Range.[12] Large basaltic rock formations exists throughout Vidarbha, part of the 66-million-year-old volcanic Deccan Traps. Bhandara
Bhandara
and Gondia
Gondia
district is unique in Maharashtra
Maharashtra
in the sense that the entire area of the district is occupied by metamorphic rock and alluvium.[13] Buldhana
Buldhana
has the Lonar crater
Lonar crater
created by impact of meteorite or comet. The eastern districts of Gondia, Bhandara, Gadchirolli and Nagpur
Nagpur
fall in earthquake zone 1, which is considered safest in India, while other districts fall in zone 2. Wainganga
Wainganga
is the largest of all the Vidarbha
Vidarbha
rivers. Other major rivers that drain Vidarbha
Vidarbha
region are the Wardha, and Kanhan rivers which are all tributaries of Godavari
Godavari
river. In north, five small rivers, Khapra, Sipna, Gadga and Dolar along with Purna, are the tributaries of Tapti
Tapti
river. Penganga river is another big river which originates in Buldhana
Buldhana
district. Then it flows through Washim district. There onwards it forms a border between districts, Washim (Vidarbha) and Hingoli (Marathwada), Yavatmal(Vidarbha) and Hingoli, Yavatmal(Vidarbha) and Nanded(Marathwada), Yavatmal
Yavatmal
and Telangana, Yavatmal
Yavatmal
and Chandrapur. After that it meets Wardha
Wardha
flowing through Chandrapur
Chandrapur
district and meets Wainganga
Wainganga
to become Pranhita river which is a tributary of Godavari. Kas, Kayadhu, Adan, Pus and Arunavati are main tributaries of Penganga river. Administration[edit] Vidarbha
Vidarbha
region has 11 districts divided into two divisions (Amravati and Nagpur).

Name of Division (Headquarter) Districts Source

Amravati
Amravati
Division HQ=Amravati Districts=5 Talukas=56

Akola Amravati Buldana Yavatmal Washim

Division Website

Nagpur
Nagpur
Division HQ=Nagpur Districts=6 SubDivisions=31 Talukas=64

Bhandara Chandrapur Gadchiroli Gondia Nagpur Wardha

Division Website

Following detailed table shows the districts of Vidarbha, their Sub-Divisions and Talukas :

Districts and Talukas in Vidarbha

Name of Division (Headquarter) Districts Talukas

Amravati
Amravati
Division (HQ: Amravati) Akola

Akot Telhara Akola Balapur Patur Barshitakli Murtajapur

Amravati

Amravati Bhatkuli Nandgaon Khandeshwar Anjangaon Daryapur Achalpur Chandur Bazar Warud, Morshi Dharni Chikhaldara Chandu (Rly) Thoda Dhamangaon

Buldana

Buldhana Chikhli Deulgaon Raja Malkapur Motala Nandura Mehkar Sindkhed Raja Lonar Khamgaon City Shegaon Jalgaon
Jalgaon
Jamod Sangrampur

Yavatmal

Arni Babhulgaon Darwha Digras Ghatanji Kalamb Mahagaon Maregaon Ner Pandharkawada
Pandharkawada
(Kelapur) Pusad Ralegaon Umarkhed Wani Yavatmal Zari Jamani

Washim

Malegaon Mangrulpir Karanja Manora Washim Risod

Nagpur
Nagpur
Division (HQ: Nagpur) Bhandara

Bhandara Tumsar Pauni Mohadi Sakoli Lakhni Lakhandur

Chandrapur

Chandrapur Bhadravati Warora Chimur Nagbhid Bramhapuri Sindewahi Mul Saoli Gondpimpri Rajura Korpana Pomburna Ballarpur Jivati

Gadchiroli

Gadchiroli Dhanora Chamorshi Mulchera Aheri Sironcha Etapalli Bhamragad Desaiganj
Desaiganj
(Wadsa) Armori Kurkheda Korchi

Gondia

Gondia Goregaon Tirora Arjuni Morgaon Deori Amgaon Salekasa Sadak Arjuni

Nagpur

Ramtek Umred Kalameshwar Katol Kamthi Kuhi Narkhed Nagpur Nagpur
Nagpur
(Rural) Parseoni Bhiwapur Mouda Savner Hingna

Wardha

Wardha Deoli Seloo Arvi Ashti Karanja Hinganghat Samudrapur

Each district has a collector's office which is responsible for day-to-day administration. The District Collector is a Central Indian Government appointee who is in charge of the governance of a district in a state.[14] Nagpur
Nagpur
city, the largest city in Vidarbha, has a special civic body, the Nagpur
Nagpur
Improvement Trust, which along with Nagpur
Nagpur
Municipal Corporation is responsible for overall development and planning activity. Other significant cities like Amravati, Akola and Chandrapur
Chandrapur
too have their own municipal corporation. The corporators (representatives) in these civic bodies are elected via elections. Urban areas are split in different wards and each ward elects a representative. Rural areas have a panchayat raj system. Demographics[edit] Vidarbha
Vidarbha
has total population of 23,003,179 according to the 2011 census of the government of India.[15] Hinduism
Hinduism
is the predominant religion in this region. Buddhism
Buddhism
is second most followed religion. This is unusual compared to the rest of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
and even most north Indian states where usually Islam
Islam
is second most followed religion. The significant following of Buddhism
Buddhism
is due to Neo-Buddhist movement started by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar.

District Male Female Total

Akola 936,226 882,391 1,818,617

Amravati 1,482,845 1,404,981 2,887,826

Bhandara 604,371 594,439 1,198,810

Buldhana 1,342,152 1,245,887 2,588,039

Chandrapur 1,120,316 1,073,946 2,194,262

Gadchiroli 542,813 528,982 1,071,795

Gondiya 662,524 659,807 1,322,331

Nagpur 2,388,558 2,264,613 4,653,171

Wardha 665,925 630,232 1,296,157

Washim 621,228 575,486 1,196,714

Yavatmal 1,425,593 1,349,864 2,775,457

Religious composition Population %

Hindus 15,866,514 76.906%

Buddhists 2,697,544 13.075%

Muslims 1,720,690 8.340%

Christians 70,663 0.343%

Sikhs 37,241 0.181%

Jains 89,649 0.435%

Others 127,516 0.618%

Religion not stated 21,170 0.103%

All Religions 2,30,03,179 100.000%

Language and Culture[edit] Situated in central India, Vidarbha
Vidarbha
has a rich cultural and historical background distinct from rest of Maharashtra. Even though Marathi culture is most dominant, Vidarbha
Vidarbha
has been a melting pot of Telugu speaking people from south, Hindi
Hindi
speaking central India
India
and tribal people of Chhattisgarh. Vidarbha
Vidarbha
is famous for the Varhādi in Amravati division
Amravati division
and Zadipatti in Nagpur
Nagpur
division. Varhadi and Zadipatti is another type of speaking Marathi available in only Vidarbha. Marathi language
Marathi language
spoken in the rest of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
but it has some another type of speaking like Puneri [ Pune
Pune
and area], Ahirani in Khandesh
Khandesh
[North of Nashik, Dhule, Jalgaon, Nandurbar], Kolhapuri [Kolhapur], etc. The Gadchiroli
Gadchiroli
district of Vidarbha
Vidarbha
has a large population of tribal people. Hindu
Hindu
festivals like holi, diwali and Dasara are celebrated throughout the region.[16] There are many prominent cultural and literary societies working in Vidarbha. Vidarbha
Vidarbha
Sahitya Sangh (for development of Marathi), Vidarbha Rashtrabhasha Prachar Samiti (promotion and spreading Hindi) and Vidarbha
Vidarbha
Hindi
Hindi
Sahitya Sammelan (for promoting Hindi). The Nagpur Central Museum (estb 1863) maintains collections that are mainly from Vidarbha.[17] Dr. Vasudev Vishnu Mirashi
Vasudev Vishnu Mirashi
(1893–1985) served as the principal of Vidarbha
Vidarbha
Mahavidyalaya Aside from cultural distinctness from the rest of Maharashtra, Vidarbha
Vidarbha
has evolved historically in a different fashion. Many scriptures mention Vidarbha
Vidarbha
as the location of:

The marriage of Agastya
Agastya
and Lopamudra. Rukmini-haran (the elopement of Rukmini
Rukmini
with Krishna). Rukmini
Rukmini
is described as the princess of the Vidarbhas king Bhishmak and when she came to amravati for worship of goddess Ambadevi Lord krishna run with her. Later Rukmini
Rukmini
became one of the chief queens of Krishna. Kundinpur/Kaundinyapur/Kundinapuri, the mythological capital of Vidarbha
Vidarbha
has been mentioned in Mahabharata

Rukhmini Udana: The Flight to sri Krishna Reunion by Dr Hemant Bonde Patil Atlantic publishers & Distributors, India, ISSN 9788126926886

The story of king Nala
Nala
and Damayanti, also in the Mahabharata. Ramayana
Ramayana
has the reference of Vidarbha
Vidarbha
as one on the Janapadas at that time. In Ramayana, The Queen Indumatee - Mother of King Dasharath and the paternal grandmother of Rama, Lakshmana, Bharat and Shatrughna was the Princess of Vidarbha. Kalidasa's epic poem "Meghaduta" also mentions Vidarbha
Vidarbha
as the place of banishment of the Yaksha Gandharva. The ancient 'Vijasan' hill, a Buddhist Monastery was discovered recently.

Economy[edit] Vidarbha's economy is primarily agricultural and also the region is rich in forest and mineral wealth. From a business point of view, Bhandara
Bhandara
Gondia, Chandrapur, Akola, yavatmal, Amravati
Amravati
and Nagpur
Nagpur
are important cities of Vidarbha. Nagpur
Nagpur
is a central hub for business. Amravati
Amravati
is well known for film distributors and its cloth markets. Chandrapur
Chandrapur
has a thermal power station which is one of the biggest in India
India
and some other heavy industries such as Paper Industries (BILT Ballarpur), Steel Industries (MEL from Steel Authority of India, etc.), Cement Industries (UltraTech Cement, Ambuja Cements, ACC Limited, Manikgarh Cement, Murli Cement) and numerous Coal Mines. Nagpur
Nagpur
is also a health hub with people from Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh, Odisha
Odisha
and Telangana
Telangana
regularly come to Nagpur
Nagpur
for their health needs.[18] An International cargo hub project, the Multi-modal International Cargo Hub and Airport at Nagpur, (MIHAN), is being developed at Nagpur.[19][20] MIHAN
MIHAN
will be used for handling heavy cargo coming from South-East Asia and Middle-East Asia. The project will also include a ₹100 billion (US$1.5 billion) Special
Special
Economic Zone (SEZ)[21] for information technology companies. This will be the biggest development project in India
India
so far.[22] Agriculture[edit]

Farmland in Vidarbha
Vidarbha
region

The main cash crops of the region are cotton, oranges and soya beans . Nagpur
Nagpur
is the largest Orange growing district. Traditional crops are sorghum (jowar), pearl millet (bajra) and rice. Yavatmal
Yavatmal
is the largest cotton growing district. Bhandara
Bhandara
is the largest rice growing district. Bhandara
Bhandara
( tumsar) is a Rice city. Recently Vidarbha
Vidarbha
region has become infamous for a large number of farmer suicides occurring. On 1 July 2006 the Prime Minister of India
India
Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh
announced a Rs. 3,750-crore (Rupees 37.5 billion) relief package for Vidarbha. The package should help farmers in six districts of the region. However the package was not welcomed by most financial pundits and the journalist P Sainath
P Sainath
wrote the following[23] in The Hindu
Hindu
newspaper criticising the package and saying that it was destined to fail for sure. Recently it was found that most of the government officials are involved in corruption of the 'packages' which were announced for farmers. Government can suspended more that 400 government officials in this scam. Bhiwapur
Bhiwapur
is famous for red chillies. Mineral wealth[edit] The Chandrapur, Gadchiroli, Bhandara
Bhandara
and Nagpur
Nagpur
Districts form the main mineral belt, with coal and manganese as the major minerals. Chandrapur
Chandrapur
district alone contributes 29% of all mineral output of Maharashtra.[24] Iron ore and limestone are identified as potential mining resources.[25] Industry[edit] Traditionally Vidarbha
Vidarbha
has lagged behind western Maharashtra
Maharashtra
in industrial growth. Various incentives were granted to attract industries but have failed. Butibori Industrial Area MIDC outside Nagpur
Nagpur
is one of the largest industrial areas in country but few industries have actually opened there. MIHAN
MIHAN
an international cargo hub project is currently underway at Nagpur. The project aims to exploit the central location of Nagpur
Nagpur
and convert the present airport into a major freight hub with integrated road and rail connectivity along with a Special
Special
Economic Zone. Ballarpur
Ballarpur
Industries, India's largest manufacturer and exporter of paper is located in Chandrapur district.[26] Education[edit] See also: List of higher education institutions in Vidarbha

RSTM Nagpur
Nagpur
University at Nagpur

SGBA University at Amravati

Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Agriculture University at Akola

There are many reputed educational institutes in Vidarbha
Vidarbha
region. Most of the higher education institutes in the region are affialiated to Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur
Nagpur
University, Nagpur
Nagpur
and Sant Gadge Baba Amravati
Amravati
University, Amravati
Amravati
and Gondwana University, Gadchiroli and Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola. Major institutes in Vidarbha
Vidarbha
are Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Nagpur, Kavikulaguru Kalidas Sanskrit University, Ramtek, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur, Laxminarayan Institute of Technology, Nagpur, Government College Of Engineering, Nagpur, Government Polytechnic, Nagpur, Indian Institute of Management, Nagpur
Nagpur
and AIIMS, Nagpur. Sports[edit] Cricket is the most popular sport in this region and Nagpur's Vidarbha Cricket Association Ground (VCA) hosted international cricket matches[27] now superseded by the Vidarbha
Vidarbha
Cricket Association Stadium,[28] built in 2008 in Jamtha. The Vidarbha cricket team plays in the Ranji Trophy. Tourism[edit]

Entrance of Anand Sagar, Shegaon, Holy place for Hindus and a famous picnic spot in Vidarbha.

Vidarbha
Vidarbha
has lush green deciduous forests which are home to a variety of flora and fauna. These attract a large number of visitors each year. All of Maharashtra's tiger reserves are located in Vidarbha.[citation needed] They are Melghat
Melghat
Tiger Reserve in Amravati district, Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve
Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve
in Chandrapur
Chandrapur
district, Umred Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary in Nagpur
Nagpur
district and Pench Tiger Reserve in neighbouring state of madhya Pradesh to the north . The Nagzira
Nagzira
wild life sanctuary and Navegoan Bandh National Park (bird sanctuary) of Gondia District
Gondia District
are also very popular. Although the eastern region of the Vidarbha
Vidarbha
is poorer in natural resources in comparison with the west, it contains Maharashtra's oldest National Park created in 1955, the Tadoba Tiger Reserve spanning 575.78 km2,[29] one of India's 39 Project Tiger Reserves.[30] The National Park consists of two forested rectangles of the Tadoba and Andhari range. Aside from around 50 tigers, Tadoba Tiger Reserve is home to rare Indian wildlife like leopards, sloth bears, gaur, wild dogs, hyenas, civet and jungle cats, and many species of Indian deer like sambar, cheetal, nilgai, and barking deer. The Tadoba lake sustains the Marsh Crocodile, which were once common all over Maharashtra. Tadoba is also an ornithologist's paradise with a varied diversity of aquatic birdlife. Thickly clad hills form the northern and western boundary of the Tiger Reserve. To the southwest is a huge lake which acts as a buffer between the park's forest and the extensive farmland which extends up to Irai Lake. Adjacent to the core forested hills is the Chichghat valley which hosts the forest lodge.[31] The Tadoba Tiger Reserve is an undisturbed forest not crowded by too many tourists. Tadoba Tiger Reserve is open throughout the year and is at three-hour road journey from the city of Nagpur. [32] Chikhaldara
Chikhaldara
is a Hill Station and a municipal council in Amravati
Amravati
district in the state of Maharashtra, India. Featured in the epic, the Mahabharata, this is the place where Bheema killed the villainous Keechaka in a herculean bout and then threw him into the valley. It thus came to be known as Keechakadara— Chikhaldara
Chikhaldara
is its corruption. But there's more to Chikhaldara. The sole hill resort in the Vidarbha
Vidarbha
region, it is situated at an altitude of 1118 m and has the added dimension of being the only coffee-growing area in Maharashtra. It abounds in wildlife—panthers, sloth bears, sambar, wild boar, and even the rarely seen wild dogs. Close by is the famous Melghat
Melghat
Tiger Project which has 82 tigers. The scenic beauty of Chikhaldara
Chikhaldara
can be enjoyed from Hurricane Point, Prospect Point, and Devi Point. Other interesting excursions include Gavilgad and Narnala Fort, the Pandit Nehru Botanical Gardens, the Tribal
Tribal
Museum and the Semadoh Lake. Politics[edit] Representation in Lok Sabha[edit] Vidarbha
Vidarbha
is represented at national level by 10 Lok sabha seats. Nagpur
Nagpur
district which has the highest population density is split into 2 lok sabha seats of Nagpur
Nagpur
and Ramtek
Ramtek
while districts with lower population density like Chimur
Chimur
and Gadchiroli
Gadchiroli
are clubbed together. Ramtek
Ramtek
and Amravati
Amravati
seats are reserved for Scheduled caste
Scheduled caste
candidates only while Gadchiroli- Chimur
Chimur
is reserved for Scheduled Tribes.[33] Representation in Vidhan Sabha[edit] Vidarbha
Vidarbha
is represented at state level by 62 assembly seats. Nagpur boasts the densest concentration of assembly seats with the city divided into 6 areas. Certain seats are reserved for Scheduled Tribe candidates only, while others are open to all to contest.[34] As part of the Nagpur
Nagpur
Pact the winter session of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
assembly is held as Nagpur
Nagpur
Vidhan Bhavan. Separate statehood movement[edit] Main article: Vidarbha
Vidarbha
movement

1853: After British conquests from Marathas in central India, in 1853 " Nagpur
Nagpur
Province" was formed with Nagpur
Nagpur
as capital. It was administered by a commissioner under the central government. 1861: "Central Province" was formed by the British, with Nagpur
Nagpur
as capital. 1903: On 1 October Berar was also placed under the administration of the commissioner of Central Provinces. It was now named as "Central Province and Berar". 1935: Government of India
India
Act, passed by British parliament formed provincial assembly, providing for an election. Central Province and Berar was kept a separate entity, with Nagpur
Nagpur
as capital. 1950: When constitution of India
India
went into effect in 1950; Central Province and Berar became Madhya Pradesh, with Nagpur
Nagpur
as capital. 1956: " Vidarbha
Vidarbha
State" with Nagpur
Nagpur
as capital was recommended by Fazal Ali commission (appointed in 1953) for reorganisation of states in India. 1960: On 1 May the " Vidarbha
Vidarbha
state", recommended by Fazal Ali commission for reorganisation of states, was merged with, newly formed Maharashtra
Maharashtra
State.

In recent years there have been sporadic calls by its population for Vidarbha
Vidarbha
to secede from Maharashtra. This is based on a feeling of being neglected by the Maharashtra
Maharashtra
state government and a desire to assert a distinct political identity. The region has been seen to have fallen behind others in Maharashtra
Maharashtra
in attracting investment and development funds, being comparatively poorly served by roads, irrigation facilities and educational institutions. However political movements for attaining statehood have failed to hold sway as their leaders have been considered opportunistic. Vidarbha Rajya Party and Vidarbha Rajya Nirman Congress are very small political parties created by leaders that have split from national level parties like INC. Only one national party - BJP has officially included demand for a separate Vidarbha
Vidarbha
state in its national manifesto. Vidarbha
Vidarbha
has total population of 20,630,987 according to the 2001 census of the government of India.[35] Though rich in minerals, coal, forests and mountains, this region is always underdeveloped primarily because of lack of agriculture. Tata group started the country's first textile mill at Nagpur, formally known as Central India
India
Spinning and Weaving Company Ltd. The company was popularly known as "Empress Mills" as it was inaugurated on 1 January 1877, the day Queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India.[36] Noted politician and economist from Vidarbha
Vidarbha
Late Dr. Shrikant Jichkar opposed separation of Vidarbha
Vidarbha
from rest of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
based on the facts that such separation is nonviable for sustenance of Vidarbha. In the quotes of Dr. Jichkar:[37] ″I do this every time the demand surfaces. Those who made an issue of it have lost elections. The Shiv Sena won seats there despite being opposed to Vidarbha
Vidarbha
and the BJP lost despite being in favor of it. If Vidarbha
Vidarbha
is hived off, we will have no funds from day one to run the new State. The region's share is burdened by a deficit and Monopoly Cotton Purchase Scheme, Employment Guarantee Scheme and such activity will immediately cease since we would not have money to pay salaries. All available resources - iron ore, surplus power generation, forestry - would not be enough. In this context, Mumbai
Mumbai
- and by implication the rest of the State - subsidizes Vidarbha's sustenance. `` Mumbai
Mumbai
is the door to the temple of development and we cannot allow a division of the Marathi-speaking State.″ See also[edit]

List of cities in Vidarbha Proposed states and territories of India Manav Vikas Mission

References[edit]

^ a b "Population". 31 March 2011. Retrieved 6 April 2011.  ^ Asian Review - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2015-05-29.  ^ Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland By Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland--page-323 ^ "Dialects in Maharashtra
Maharashtra
- Buzzalive". www.buzzalive.com. Retrieved 26 March 2018.  ^ [1] ^ " Vidarbha
Vidarbha
profile on rediff". In.rediff.com. 12 October 2004. Retrieved 22 September 2010.  ^ cite weburl=http://www.shramdeepindia.org.in/melghat.htm%7Ctitle="[[WHO] Template:Webarchive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070830070118/http://www.shramdeepindia.org.in/melghat.htm -date=30 August 2007] declares Melghat
Melghat
as India's most malnutrition-hit area"]author=date=website=shramdeepindia.org.inaccessdate=26 March 2018 ^ "Understanding Underdevelopment in Vidarbha." By Sanjiv Phansalkar. IWMI-Tata Water Policy Program Archived 14 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine.. Article listed here "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 December 2007. Retrieved 6 September 2007. . ^ "Opinion / News Analysis : Maharashtra: 'graveyard of farmers'". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 14 November 2007. Retrieved 22 September 2010.  ^ "Interview of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Pradesh Congress Committee President-Mr. Ranjeet Deshmukh". Rediff.com. 18 August 2004. Retrieved 22 September 2010.  ^ "Very few takers for a separate State". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 23 March 2004. Retrieved 22 September 2010.  ^ [2] Archived 30 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Gondia
Gondia
geology". Gondia.gov.in. Retrieved 22 September 2010.  ^ Districts Of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Archived 12 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Vidarbha
Vidarbha
population 2011".  ^ "People And Their Culture". Gadchiroli.gov.in. Retrieved 22 September 2010.  ^ Nagpur
Nagpur
District Gazetteer Archived 22 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ ET Bureau Dec 24, 2008, 01.29am IST (2008-12-24). " Nagpur
Nagpur
- Growth Nucleus of India
India
- timesofindia-economictimes". Articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2015-05-29. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ " Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Airport Development Company Limited". madcindia.org. madcindia.org. Archived from the original on 10 May 2008. Retrieved 14 May 2008.  ^ " Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Airport Development Company Limited" (PDF). Press Information Bureau and Ministry of Civil Aviation. Retrieved 29 January 2008.  ^ " Nagpur
Nagpur
stakes claim to lead boomtown pack". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved June 2006.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ "Mihan is biggest development". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 22 May 2007. Retrieved 22 May 2007.  ^ bhaskar deshmukh, (1 August 2006). "article". Indiatogether.org. Retrieved 22 September 2010.  ^ "Demography". Chanda.nic.in. Retrieved 22 September 2010.  ^ " Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Resources" Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Ballarpur
Ballarpur
Industries Limited- Bilt". Chanda.nic.in. Retrieved 22 September 2010.  ^ " Vidarbha Cricket Association Ground
Vidarbha Cricket Association Ground
profile". Cricinfo. Retrieved 12 November 2012.  ^ " Vidarbha
Vidarbha
Cricket Association Stadiumprofile". Cricinfo. Retrieved 12 November 2012.  ^ "Tadoba Tiger Reserve". Projecttiger.nic.in. Archived from the original on 24 February 2012. Retrieved 22 September 2010.  ^ "Online Map". Projecttiger.nic.in. Retrieved 22 September 2010.  ^ [3] Tiger Trails website ^ Chikhaldara ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 July 2007. Retrieved 21 January 2008.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 21 January 2008.  ^ "Census data online Maharashtra
Maharashtra
all districts". Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 22 September 2010.  ^ Dasarathi, G (10 August 2004). "Are Indians Really Dumb?". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 1 January 2007. Retrieved 1 June 2006.  ^ "' Vidarbha
Vidarbha
not viable economically'". The Hindu. 2000-09-09. Retrieved 2015-05-29. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vidarbha.

Article regarding environment of Vidarbha
Vidarbha
by Dr. Heda Tigertrails  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Berar". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 763.  This details the history of the province up to 1903, and itself cites Imperial Gazetteer of India  (Oxford, 1908)

v t e

State of Maharashtra

Capital: Mumbai
Mumbai
Second capital: Nagpur

Topics

History Geography Economy Tourism Highest point Marathi language Culture Marathi people Marathi literature Marathi cinema Maharashtrian cuisine Sports

Regions

Desh Khandesh Konkan Mumbai
Mumbai
Metropolitan Region Marathwada Vidarbha

Divisions and Districts

Amravati
Amravati
division

Akola Amravati Buldhana Washim Yavatmal

Konkan
Konkan
division

Mumbai Mumbai
Mumbai
Suburban Palghar Raigad Ratnagiri Sindhudurg Thane

Aurangabad division

Aurangabad Beed Jalna Osmanabad Nanded Latur Parbhani Hingoli

Nagpur
Nagpur
division

Bhandara Chandrapur Gadchiroli Gondia Nagpur Wardha

Nashik
Nashik
division

Ahmednagar Dhule Jalgaon Nandurbar Nashik

Pune
Pune
division

Kolhapur Pune Sangli Satara Solapur

Million-plus cities in Maharashtra

Mumbai Pune Nagpur Aurangabad Nashik Solapur Thane Pimpri-Chinchwad Kalyan-Dombivali Vasai-Virar Navi Mumbai

Other cities with municipal corporations

Ahmednagar Akola Amravati Bhiwandi-Nizampur Chandrapur Dhule Jalgaon Kolhapur Latur Malegaon Mira-Bhayandar Nanded Panvel Parbhani Sangli Ulhasnagar

Portal: Maharashtra

v t e

Vidarbha

Largest city: Nagpur
Nagpur
Second largest: Amravati

Districts of Vidarbha

Akola Amravati Bhandara Buldhana Chandrapur Gadchiroli Gondia Nagpur Wardha Washim Yavatmal

Cities with municipal corporations

Amravati Chandrapur Nagpur

Portal: Maharashtra

v t e

Godavari
Godavari
basin

Rivers

Major tributaries

Godavari Pranhita Indravati Sabari Manjira Manair Wardha Wainganga Penganga

Minor tributaries

Pravara Kinnerasani Purna Sileru Sindphana Taliperu

Sub-tributaries

Adan Banganga Bindusara Darna Kadva Kanhan Kolar Nasardi Pench Purna Shivana

Dams, barrages

Jayakwadi Dam Majalgaon Dam Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project Sriram Sagar Project Nizam Sagar Upper Wardha
Wardha
Dam Singur Reservoir Neher water system Dowleswaram Barrage Balimela Reservoir Devadula lift irrigation scheme Upper Dudhana Dam Godavari River
Godavari River
Basin Irrigation Projects Pattiseema Lift Irrigation Project

Geographical features / regions

Marathwada Vidarbha Coastal Andhra Konaseema Deccan Plateau Western Ghats Eastern Ghats

Riparian districts

Maharashtra

Nashik Ahmednagar Aurangabad Parbhani Nanded Gadchiroli Beed Amravati Bhandara Gondia Chandrapur Wardha Nagpur Yavatmal Washim Buldhana Hingoli

Madhya Pradesh

Balaghat Seoni Betul Chhindwara

Odisha

Kalahandi Koraput Malkangiri

Chhattisgarh

Bastar Bijapur

Karnataka

Bidar

Telangana

Medak Sangareddy Siddipet Nizamabad Kamareddy Adilabad Nirmal Mancherial Komaram Bheem Asifabad Karimnagar Jagtial Peddapalli Rajanna Sircilla Warangal
Warangal
Urban Warangal
Warangal
rural Jayashankar Bhupalpally Jangaon Mahabubabad Bhadradri Kothagudem Khammam

Andhra Pradesh

West Godavari East Godavari Vishakapatnam

Cities

Nashik Nagpur Nanded Rajahmundry Warangal Koraput Bastar Bidar

Languages / people

Indo-Aryan languages Marathi Bhili Khandeshi Andh Banjari Odia Bhunjia Hindi Dravidian languages Kolami Goni Telugu Kannadiga Duruwa Multani Urdu

Coalfields

Godavari
Godavari
Valley Coalfield Wardha
Wardha
Valley Coalfield Kamptee Coalfield Pench Kanhan Coalfield

Oil / gas fields

Krishna Godavari
Godavari
Basin Ravva oil field

Industries

Khaparkheda Thermal Power Station Koradi Thermal Power Station Chandrapur
Chandrapur
Super Thermal Power Station Wardha
Wardha
Warora
Warora
Power Plant Lanco Vidarbha
Vidarbha
Power Plant Nashik
Nashik
Thermal Power Station Dhariwal Power Station Rattan India
India
Nashik
Nashik
Thermal Power Station Kothagudem Thermal Power Station Kakatiya Thermal Power Station Parli Thermal Power Station NTPC Ramagundam NTPC Mauda Super Thermal Power Station Ramagundam B Thermal Power Station Tiroda Thermal Power Station Butibori Power Project Heavy Water Plant at Manuguru Waluj MIDC Shendra MIDC Shendra – Bidkin Industrial Park Ballarpur
Ballarpur
Industries HAL Sunabeda NALCO Damanjodi

Transport

NH 5 National Highway 6 (India)(old numbering) NH 7 Godavari
Godavari
Bridge Old Godavari
Godavari
Bridge Godavari
Godavari
Arch Bridge Hyderabad- Godavari
Godavari
Valley Railways Visakhapatnam–Vijayawada section Bilaspur– Nagpur
Nagpur
section Nagpur–Hyderabad line

Pollution concerns, River basin's sustainable productivity & ecology

Algal bloom
Algal bloom
in reservoirs High alkalinity of river water in the river basin upstream of Pochampadu dam Frequent floods in tail end area of the river basin Alkali salts / high pH water run off from ash / red mud dumps of coal fired power stations / bauxite ore enrichment Excessive silting of reservoirs due to deforestation and mining activities

Related topics

Godavari
Godavari
Water Disputes Tribunal

Other basins

Mahanadi–Brahmani–Baitarani Damodar Kosi Narmada Son Krishna Penna

v t e

Proposed states and territories of India

Proposed states

Awadh
Awadh
(Uttar Pradesh) Baghelkhand
Baghelkhand
(Uttar Pradesh/Madhya Pradesh) Bhojpur (Uttar Pradesh/Bihar) Bodoland
Bodoland
(Assam) Bundelkhand
Bundelkhand
(Uttar Pradesh/Madhya Pradesh) Chola Nadu
Chola Nadu
(Tamil Nadu) Coastal Andhra
Coastal Andhra
(Andhra Pradesh) Delhi Dimaraji
Dimaraji
(Assam/Nagaland) Dogradesh (Jammu and Kashmir) Garoland (Meghalaya) Gird (Madhya Pradesh) Gondwana (Madhya Pradesh/Chhattisgarh/Odisha) Gorkhaland
Gorkhaland
(West Bengal) Harit Pradesh
Harit Pradesh
(Uttar Pradesh) Kalyana Karnataka
Karnataka
(Karnataka) Kamtapur
Kamtapur
(West Bengal) Kashmir (Jammu and Kashmir) Khandesh
Khandesh
(Maharashtra) Kodagu (Karnataka) Kongu Nadu
Kongu Nadu
(Tamil Nadu) Konkan
Konkan
(Maharashtra/Goa/Karnataka) Kosal (Odisha) Kutch
Kutch
(Gujarat) Mahakoshal
Mahakoshal
(Madhya Pradesh) Malwa
Malwa
(Madhya Pradesh) Male Nadu
Male Nadu
(Karnataka) Marathwada
Marathwada
(Maharashtra) Maru Pradesh (Rajasthan) Mithila (Bihar) Nagalim
Nagalim
(Nagaland/Assam/Arunachal Pradesh) Pandya Nadu
Pandya Nadu
(Tamil Nadu) Panun Kashmir
Panun Kashmir
(Jammu and Kashmir) Puducherry Purvanchal
Purvanchal
(Uttar Pradesh) Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
(Andhra Pradesh) Saurashtra (Gujarat) Seemanchal (Bihar) Tipraland
Tipraland
(Tripura) Tulu Nadu
Tulu Nadu
(Karnataka/Kerala) Vidarbha
Vidarbha
(Maharashtra) Vindhya Pradesh
Vindhya Pradesh
(Madhya Pradesh) Uttarandhra
Uttarandhra
(Andhra Pradesh)

Proposed territories

Karaikal (Puducherry) Karbi Anglong
Karbi Anglong
(Assam) Ladakh
Ladakh
(Jammu and Kashmir)

Current states and

.