Veraval is a municipality and the headquarters of Gir
in the Indian state of Gujarat. It is 6 km from Somnath.
8 Points of interests
Somnath Temple at Prabhas Patan
Somnath Environ map 1911
Veraval was founded in 13th or 14th century by Rao Veravalji Vadher, a
Veraval was once a fortified port town of the royal family of
Junagadh. It was a part of the Kingdom of
Junagadh till 1947 when
Junagadh was merged with India. The city still bears some remnants of
the old Nawabi heritage, the beautiful Nawabi summer palace being
among them. There are ruins of the old Nawabi fort and Nawabi Gates in
and around the place. The old walls of the port are now ruined, but
Junagadh gate and the Patan gate are still seen, but
are in a very bad state.
The Nawabi Palace with Gothic features which is one of the main
attractions. It is popularly known as
Somnath College (the palace was
converted into a college after it was abandoned by the Nawab). At
present it is the building of a Sanskrit university. The town is often
known as the gateway to the magnificent temple of
Somnath and the
pilgrimage centres of
Prabhas Patan and Bhalkha.
Veraval is also the
nearest town to the
Gir National Park
Gir National Park (42 km away).
Before the rise of surat,
Veraval was the major seaport for pilgrims
to Mecca. Its importance now is as a fishing port, one of the largest
in India. Seafaring dhows and wooden fishing boats are still built by
the fishermen without the use of any modern technology. Traditional
skills are passed down from father to son. About
25 km from
Veraval is the historic Savani village.
Map of Veraval
Veraval is located at 20°54′N 70°22′E / 20.9°N
70.37°E / 20.9; 70.37. It has an average elevation of
0 metres (0 feet).
As of the 2011
Veraval had a population of 153,696.
Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%.
Veraval has an
average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of
59.5%: male literacy is 71%, and female literacy is 53%. In Veraval,
14% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Veraval has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification
BSh) with warm to hot temperatures throughout the year. Almost all
precipitation falls during the summer monsoon season from June to
Climate data for Veraval
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average rainy days
Average relative humidity (%)
Source: NOAA (1971-1990)
Hospitals: I G Memorial Hospital ( Dr.Rajesh Ghanshani), Opp. Rayon
factory, near woodland hotel, Veraval.
Veraval has a predominant Gujarati population. Amongst Gujaratis,
Jains (Oswal), the sonis (Jewellers, mainly from the clans of Dhakan,
Patt, Sagar, etc.), the Kharwa,
Ahir brahma smaj and the
Rajwadi bhois, Hadi, Lohanas, Maleks, Memons, Patnis and Raykas. There
is also a sizable population Sindhis. Gujarati and
Hindi are the most
common languages in the town.
Viraval Fishery Harbour
Fisheries have always been the main industries in the town and are
dominated by the Kharwas (fisherfolk). The fishing is done mostly on
traditional boats and trawlers.
Veraval also has a large boat making
Veraval is home to a large number of fish processing
factories in GIDC (
Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation) [expand
acronym] which export prime quality seafood to USA, Japan, SE Asian,
Gulf and EU Countries. The seafood-industry which was started through
government initiative now is in its prime and many importers are
Veraval from around the globe. Regional research
centers of CIFT and CMFRI situated at
Veraval have done Yeoman service
in development of fisheries sector in Gujarat.
Veraval also is home to Aditya Birla Nuvo Ltd (Formerly:Indian-Rayon
Industries Ltd) which is one of India's largest rayon manufacturing
There are various chemical, thread and cement companies around Veraval
which provide employment to the local youth. The major ones being
Indian Rayon Unit of Aditya Birla NUVO Ltd.,
Gujarat Ambuja Cement
Gujarat Siddhee Cement Ltd and
Gujarat Heavy Chemicals Ltd.
Veraval Junction is a fairly busy railway junction station for Western
Railways and is served by more than 14 pairs of regional and
Daily (or multiple daily) trains connect it to major cities in Gujarat
such as Ahmedabad, Bharuch, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Porbandar, Rajkot,
Surat and Vadodara.
Daily connections are also available to many other towns in Gujarat
such as Keshod, Jetalsar, Gondal, Wankaner, Surendranagar, Viramgam,
Nadiad, Anand, Valsad, Vapi,
Dahod and Godhra.
Daily long distance trains connect
Veraval to several cities in India
including Bhopal, Jabalpur, Itarsi, Ratlam,
Ujjain and Mumbai.
Pune, Trivandrum, Kochi, Kollam, Kottayam, Thrissur, Kozhikode,
Kannur, Mangalore, Karwar, Madgaon,
Panvel are some of
the cities connected by weekly long distance trains.
The nearest airports are Diu And Rajkot. Daily Flights connect Rajkot
and Diu to Mumbai.
Points of interests
^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Veraval
India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities,
villages and towns (Provisional)" (PDF).
Census Commission of India.
Archived from the original (PDF) on June 16, 2004. Retrieved November
Veraval Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved Decemb