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Veraval
Veraval
is a municipality and the headquarters of Gir Somnath
Somnath
district in the Indian state of Gujarat. It is 6 km from Somnath.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Demographics 4 Climate 5 People 6 Industry 7 Transport 8 Points of interests 9 References

History[edit]

The Somnath
Somnath
Temple at Prabhas Patan

Veraval
Veraval
Somnath
Somnath
Environ map 1911

Veraval
Veraval
was founded in 13th or 14th century by Rao Veravalji Vadher, a Rajput. Veraval
Veraval
was once a fortified port town of the royal family of Junagadh. It was a part of the Kingdom of Junagadh
Junagadh
till 1947 when Junagadh
Junagadh
was merged with India. The city still bears some remnants of the old Nawabi heritage, the beautiful Nawabi summer palace being among them. There are ruins of the old Nawabi fort and Nawabi Gates in and around the place. The old walls of the port are now ruined, but the impressive Junagadh
Junagadh
gate and the Patan gate are still seen, but are in a very bad state. The Nawabi Palace with Gothic features which is one of the main attractions. It is popularly known as Somnath
Somnath
College (the palace was converted into a college after it was abandoned by the Nawab). At present it is the building of a Sanskrit university. The town is often known as the gateway to the magnificent temple of Somnath
Somnath
and the pilgrimage centres of Prabhas Patan
Prabhas Patan
and Bhalkha. Veraval
Veraval
is also the nearest town to the Gir National Park
Gir National Park
(42 km away). Before the rise of surat, Veraval
Veraval
was the major seaport for pilgrims to Mecca. Its importance now is as a fishing port, one of the largest in India. Seafaring dhows and wooden fishing boats are still built by the fishermen without the use of any modern technology. Traditional skills are passed down from father to son.[citation needed] About 25 km from Veraval
Veraval
is the historic Savani village. Geography[edit]

Map of Veraval

Veraval
Veraval
is located at 20°54′N 70°22′E / 20.9°N 70.37°E / 20.9; 70.37.[2] It has an average elevation of 0 metres (0 feet). Demographics[edit] As of the 2011 India
India
census,[3] Veraval
Veraval
had a population of 153,696. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Veraval
Veraval
has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 71%, and female literacy is 53%. In Veraval, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age. Climate[edit] Veraval
Veraval
has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSh) with warm to hot temperatures throughout the year. Almost all precipitation falls during the summer monsoon season from June to September.

Climate data for Veraval

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 34.2 (93.6) 36.7 (98.1) 40.4 (104.7) 42 (108) 40.7 (105.3) 34.1 (93.4) 36.9 (98.4) 33.8 (92.8) 38.0 (100.4) 41.0 (105.8) 38.7 (101.7) 34.8 (94.6) 42 (108)

Average high °C (°F) 28.7 (83.7) 29.4 (84.9) 31.3 (88.3) 31.8 (89.2) 32.0 (89.6) 32.0 (89.6) 30.5 (86.9) 29.5 (85.1) 30.8 (87.4) 33.5 (92.3) 33.0 (91.4) 30.4 (86.7) 31.08 (87.93)

Daily mean °C (°F) 21.5 (70.7) 22.3 (72.1) 24.9 (76.8) 27.0 (80.6) 28.6 (83.5) 29.5 (85.1) 28.4 (83.1) 27.4 (81.3) 27.6 (81.7) 27.9 (82.2) 26.2 (79.2) 23.2 (73.8) 26.21 (79.18)

Average low °C (°F) 14.2 (57.6) 15.2 (59.4) 18.4 (65.1) 22.1 (71.8) 25.2 (77.4) 26.9 (80.4) 26.2 (79.2) 25.2 (77.4) 24.3 (75.7) 22.3 (72.1) 19.3 (66.7) 16.0 (60.8) 21.28 (70.3)

Record low °C (°F) 7.2 (45) 7.1 (44.8) 10.8 (51.4) 14.8 (58.6) 17.9 (64.2) 20.7 (69.3) 21.1 (70) 20.5 (68.9) 19.7 (67.5) 16.0 (60.8) 11.9 (53.4) 8.1 (46.6) 7.1 (44.8)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04) 0 (0) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04) 207 (8.15) 229 (9.02) 168 (6.61) 79 (3.11) 15 (0.59) 33 (1.3) 0 (0) 735 (28.94)

Average rainy days 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 6.6 13.4 13.2 6.0 1.1 1.0 0.1 42.1

Average relative humidity (%) 58 66 71 79 82 84 87 87 85 75 62 59 74.6

Source: NOAA (1971-1990)[4]

Hospitals: I G Memorial Hospital ( Dr.Rajesh Ghanshani), Opp. Rayon factory, near woodland hotel, Veraval. People[edit] Veraval
Veraval
has a predominant Gujarati population. Amongst Gujaratis, Jains (Oswal), the sonis (Jewellers, mainly from the clans of Dhakan, Patt, Sagar, etc.), the Kharwa, Ahir
Ahir
brahma smaj and the Kolis
Kolis
Turks, Rajwadi bhois, Hadi, Lohanas, Maleks, Memons, Patnis and Raykas. There is also a sizable population Sindhis. Gujarati and Hindi
Hindi
are the most common languages in the town. Industry[edit]

Viraval Fishery Harbour

Fisheries have always been the main industries in the town and are dominated by the Kharwas (fisherfolk). The fishing is done mostly on traditional boats and trawlers. Veraval
Veraval
also has a large boat making industry. Veraval
Veraval
is home to a large number of fish processing factories in GIDC ( Gujarat
Gujarat
Industrial Development Corporation) [expand acronym] which export prime quality seafood to USA, Japan, SE Asian, Gulf and EU Countries. The seafood-industry which was started through government initiative now is in its prime and many importers are attracted towards Veraval
Veraval
from around the globe. Regional research centers of CIFT and CMFRI situated at Veraval
Veraval
have done Yeoman service in development of fisheries sector in Gujarat. Veraval
Veraval
also is home to Aditya Birla Nuvo Ltd (Formerly:Indian-Rayon Industries Ltd) which is one of India's largest rayon manufacturing companies. There are various chemical, thread and cement companies around Veraval which provide employment to the local youth. The major ones being Indian Rayon Unit of Aditya Birla NUVO Ltd., Gujarat
Gujarat
Ambuja Cement Ltd, Gujarat
Gujarat
Siddhee Cement Ltd and Gujarat
Gujarat
Heavy Chemicals Ltd. Transport[edit]

Thiruvananthapuram Veraval
Veraval
Express

Veraval
Veraval
Junction is a fairly busy railway junction station for Western Railways and is served by more than 14 pairs of regional and long-distance trains. Daily (or multiple daily) trains connect it to major cities in Gujarat such as Ahmedabad, Bharuch, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Porbandar, Rajkot, Surat
Surat
and Vadodara. Daily connections are also available to many other towns in Gujarat such as Keshod, Jetalsar, Gondal, Wankaner, Surendranagar, Viramgam, Nadiad, Anand, Valsad, Vapi, Dahod
Dahod
and Godhra. Daily long distance trains connect Veraval
Veraval
to several cities in India including Bhopal, Jabalpur, Itarsi, Ratlam, Ujjain
Ujjain
and Mumbai. Pune, Trivandrum, Kochi, Kollam, Kottayam, Thrissur, Kozhikode, Kannur, Mangalore, Karwar, Madgaon, Ratnagiri
Ratnagiri
and Panvel
Panvel
are some of the cities connected by weekly long distance trains. The nearest airports are Diu And Rajkot. Daily Flights connect Rajkot and Diu to Mumbai. Points of interests[edit]

Veraval
Veraval
Beach

Sunset at Veraval
Veraval
Beach

Somnath Sasan Gir Prabhas Patan Bhalka

References[edit]

^ http://censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/paper2/data_files/India2/Table_2_PR_Cities_1Lakh_and_Above.pdf ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Veraval ^ " Census
Census
of India
India
2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)" (PDF). Census
Census
Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 16, 2004. Retrieved November 1, 2008.  ^ " Veraval
Veraval
Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved Decemb

.