The Info List - Venice Film Festival

The Venice
Film Festival or Venice
International Film Festival (Italian: Mostra Internazionale d'Arte Cinematografica della Biennale di Venezia, "International Exhibition of Cinematographic Art of the Venice
Biennale"), founded in 1932, is the oldest film festival in the world and one of the "Big Three" film festivals alongside the Cannes Film Festival and Berlin International Film Festival.[1][2] The film festival is part of the Venice
Biennale, which was founded by the Venetian City Council in 1895. Today, the Biennale
includes a range of separate events including: the International Art Exhibition; the International Festival of Contemporary Music; the International Theatre Festival; the International Architecture Exhibition; the International Festival of Contemporary Dance; the International Kids' Carnival; and the annual Venice
Film Festival, which is arguably the best-known of all the events. The film festival has since taken place in late August or early September on the island of the Lido, Venice, Italy. Screenings take place in the historic Palazzo del Cinema on the Lungomare Marconi and in other venues nearby. Since its inception the Venice
Film Festival has grown into one of the most prestigious film festivals in the world. The 75th Venice
International Film Festival is scheduled to be held from 29 August to 8 September 2018.[3]


1 History

1.1 The beginning 1.2 1940s 1.3 Development and closure 1.4 The rebirth

2 Direction 3 Awards

3.1 Official selection: In competition 3.2 Orizzonti section (Horizons) 3.3 Jaeger-LeCoultre

4 Past awards

4.1 Mussolini Cup
Mussolini Cup
(Coppa Mussolini)

4.1.1 Mussolini Cup
Mussolini Cup
for Best Italian Film

4.2 Great Gold Medals of the National Fascist Association for Entertainment 4.3 Audience Referendum 4.4 Award for Best Director

5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] The beginning[edit] The first edition of the Venice
Film Festival was carried out from the 6 to the 21 of August in 1932. The festival began with an idea of the president of the Venice Biennale
Count Giuseppe Volpi di Misurata
Giuseppe Volpi di Misurata
and Luciano De Feo, who was the very first director-selector. With good reason, the festival was considered the first international event of its type, receiving strong support from authorities. This first edition was held on the terrace of the Hotel Excelsior on the Venice
Lido, and at that stage it was not a competitive event. The very first film to be shown in the history of the Festival was Rouben Mamoulian's Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, that was screened at 9:15 p.m. on 6 August 1932. The second edition was held two years later, from 1 to 20 of August in 1934. For the first time it included a competition. At least 19 countries took part with over 300 accredited journalists. The "Mussolini Cup" was introduced for best foreign film and best Italian film; however there was no actual jury. Instead, the awards were assigned by the President of the Biennale, after listening to the opinions of both experts and audiences, and in accordance with the "National Institute for Educational Cinema". Other awards were the "Great Gold Medals of the National Fascist Association for Entertainment" to best actor and actress. The prize for best foreign film went to Robert J. Flaherty's Man of Aran and was a confirmation of the taste of the time for auteur documentaries.[4] Starting in 1935, the Festival became a yearly event under the direction of Ottavio Croze. The actors' award was renamed "Volpi Cup". In 1936 an international jury was nominated for the first time and in 1937 the new Cinema Palace, designed by the architect Luigi Quagliata, was inaugurated.[4] 1940s[edit] [citation needed]

The Doge's Palace
Doge's Palace
in Piazza San Marco
Piazza San Marco
hosted the 1947 edition.

The 1940s represent one of the most difficult moments for the review. The conclusion of the Second World War
Second World War
divides the decade in two. Before 1938 political pressures distorted and ruined the festival. With the advent of the conflict the situation degenerated to such a point that the editions of 1940, 1941 and 1942, subsequently are considered as if they did not happen because they were carried out in places far away from Lido. In addition, few countries participated and there was an absolute monopoly of institutions and directors that were members of the Rome-Berlin Axis. The festival resumed full speed in 1946, after the war. For the first time, the 1946 edition was held in the month of September, in accordance to an agreement with the newly-born Cannes Film Festival, which had just held its first review in the spring of that year. With the return of normalcy, Venice
once again became a great icon of the film world. In 1947 the festival was held at the Doge's Palace, a most magnificent backdrop for hosting a record 90 thousand participants.The 1947 festival is widely considered one of the most successful editions in the history of the festival. Development and closure[edit] For the next twenty years the festival continued its development and expansion in accordance with the artistic plan set in motion after the war. In 1963 the winds of change blow strongly during Luigi Chiarini’s directorship of the festival. During the years of his presidency, Chiarini aspired to renew the spirit and the structures of the festival, pushing for a total reorganization of the entire system. For six years the festival followed a consistent path, according to the rigid criteria put in place for the selection of works in competition, and took a firm stand against the political pressures and interference of more and more demanding movie studios, preferring the artistic quality of films to the growing commercialization of the film industry. The social and political unrest of 1968 had strong repercussions on the Venice
Bienniale. From 1969 to 1979 no prizes were awarded and the festival returned to the non-competitiveness of the first edition. In 1973, 1977 and 1978, the festival was not even held. The Golden Lion didn't make its return until 1980. The rebirth[edit]

Year Director

1979-1983 Carlo Lizzani

1983-1987 Gian Luigi Rondi

1987-1992 Guglielmo Biraghi

1992-1996 Gillo Pontecorvo

1996-1999 Felice Laudadio

1999-2002 Alberto Barbera

2002-2004 Moritz de Hadeln

2004-2011 Marco Müller

2011- Alberto Barbera

The long-awaited rebirth came in 1979, thanks to the new director Carlo Lizzani, who decided to restore the image and value the festival had lost over the last decade. The 1979 edition laid the foundation for the restoration of international prestige. In an attempt to create a more modern image of the festival, the neo-director created a committee of experts to assist in selecting the works and to increase the diversity of submissions to the festival. Direction[edit] The President of the Venice
represents the Festival in front of its financial partner, the public authorities and the media, is chosen by the Italian Ministry of Cultural Heritage. Paolo Baratta has been the President of the Venice
since 2008. The Director is responsible for the coordination of the events and is chosen by the President of the Venice
and its delegates. Awards[edit] The Film Festival's current awards are: Official selection: In competition[edit]

Oshri Cohen
Oshri Cohen
winning the Golden Lion
Golden Lion
for the film Lebanon at the 66th Venice
International Film Festival

The 65th Venice
International Film Festival

Golden Lion
Golden Lion
(Leone d'Oro), awarded to the best film screened in competition at the festival

See list of winners at Golden Lion

Silver Lion (Leone d'Argento), awarded to the best director in the competitive section

See list of winners at Silver Lion

Grand Jury Prize

See list of winners at Grand Jury Prize ( Venice
Film Festival)

Volpi Cup (Coppa Volpi), awarded to the best actor/actress

See – Best Actor See – Best Actress

Jury Prize, awarded to one or two films

See list of winners at Special
Jury Prize ( Venice
Film Festival)

Golden Osella, awarded to the Best Technical Contribution (to cinematographers, composers, etc.) and for the Best Screenplay.

See list of winners at Golden Osella

There are other awards that also recognize acting performances:

Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
Award, instituted in 1998 in honor of the great Italian actor Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
who died in 1996. The award was created to acknowledge an emerging actor or actress[5] Special
Lion, awarded for an overall work to a director or actor of a film presented in the main competition section.

Orizzonti section (Horizons)[edit] This section is open to all "custom-format" works, with a wider view towards new trends in the expressive languages that converge in film. The awards of the Orizzonti section are:

The Orizzonti Prize The Special
Orizzonti Jury Prize (for feature-length films) The Orizzonti Short Film Prize The Orizzonti Medium-length Film Prize

partnership[edit] Jaeger-LeCoultre
Glory to the Filmmaker Award, organized in collaboration with Jaeger-LeCoultre
since 2006. It is dedicated to personalities who have made a significant contribution to contemporary cinema.[6] This is the list of winners:

Year Director Nationality

2006 Kitano Takeshi Japan

2007 Abbas Kiarostami Iran

2008 Agnès Varda France

2009 Sylvester Stallone United States

2010 Mani Ratnam India

2011 Al Pacino United States

2012 Spike Lee United States

2013 Ettore Scola Italy

2014 James Franco United States

2015 Brian De Palma United States

2016 Amir Naderi Iran

2017 Stephen Frears United Kingdom

Past awards[edit] Mussolini Cup
Mussolini Cup
(Coppa Mussolini)[edit] The Mussolini Cup
Mussolini Cup
was the top award from 1934 to 1942 for Best Italian and Best Foreign Film. Named after Italy's dictator Benito Mussolini, it was abandoned upon his ouster in 1943.[4][7] Mussolini Cup
Mussolini Cup
for Best Italian Film[edit]

Year English title Original title Director(s)

1934 Loyalty of Love Teresa Confalonieri Guido Brignone

1935 Casta Diva Casta diva Carmine Gallone

1936 The White Squadron Lo squadrone bianco Augusto Genina

1937 Scipio Africanus: The Defeat of Hannibal Scipione l'africano Carmine Gallone

1938 Luciano Serra, Pilot Luciano Serra pilota Goffredo Alessandrini

1939 Cardinal Messias Abuna Messias Goffredo Alessandrini

1940 The Siege of the Alcazar L'assedio dell'Alcazar Augusto Genina

1941 The Iron Crown La corona di ferro Alessandro Blasetti

1942 Bengasi Bengasi Augusto Genina

Great Gold Medals of the National Fascist Association for Entertainment[edit] "Le Grandi Medaglie d’Oro dell’Associazione Nazionale Fascista dello Spettacolo" in Italian. This was awarded to Best Actor and Best Actress. It was later replaced by the Volpi Cup for actors and actresses.[4] The first time this prize was awarded to Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
for her role in Little Women
Little Women
by George Cukor.[4] Audience Referendum[edit] In the first edition of the festival in 1932, due to the lack of a jury and the awarding of official prizes, a list of acknowledgements was decided by popular vote, a tally determined by the number of people flocking to the films, and announced by the Organizing Committee. From this, the Best Director was declared – Russian Nikolai Ekk for the film Road to Life, while the film by René Clair À Nous la Liberté
À Nous la Liberté
was voted Best Film. Award for Best Director[edit]

Year Director(s) Title Original title

1935 King Vidor The Wedding Night

1936 Jacques Feyder Carnival in Flanders La Kermesse Héroique

1937 Robert J. Flaherty
Robert J. Flaherty
and Zoltan Korda Elephant Boy

1938 Carl Froelich Magda Heimat

See also[edit]

Film portal

Biennale Rome Film Festival


^ Anderson, Ariston. "Venice: David Gordon Green's 'Manglehorn,' Abel Ferrara's 'Pasolini' in Competition Lineup". The Hollywood Reporter.  ^ "Addio, Lido: Last Postcards from the Venice
Film Festival". TIME.  ^ Venice
site. ^ a b c d e "La Biennale
di Venezia – The 30s". Retrieved September 29, 2014.  ^ "Carnival of Venice, Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
Award". Carnival of Venice. Retrieved September 29, 2014.  ^ "Carnival of Venice, Portale di Venezia® – The 1930s". Carnival of Venice. Retrieved September 29, 2014.  ^ "Golden Lions and major awards of the Venice
Film Festival". labiennale.org. Archived from the original on 14 April 2004. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Venice
Film Festival.

La Biennale
di Venezia – Official website (in English) (in Italian) Venice
International Film Festival history at La Biennale
di Venezia website Venice
Film Festival on IMDb

v t e

Film Festival


Golden Lion Silver Lion (for Best Direction) Grand Jury Prize Special
Jury Prize Volpi Cup for Best Actor Volpi Cup for Best Actress Golden Osella Premio Marcello Mastroianni Queer Lion Young Cinema Award

By year

1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

v t e

FIAPF-accredited film festivals

Feature (Competitive)

Berlin Cairo Cannes Goa Karlovy Vary Locarno Mar del Plata Moscow Montreal San Sebastián Shanghai Tallinn (PÖFF) Tokyo Venice Warsaw

Feature (Competitive Specialised)

Antalya Brussels Busan Cartagena Cluj Napoca (TIFF) Courmayeur Gijón Istanbul Jeonju Kolkata Kyiv Namur Sarajevo Sitges Stockholm Sydney Trivandrum Turin Valencia (Jove)

Feature (Non-competitive)

Toronto Vienna

Documentary and Short

Bilbao Krakow Oberhausen St. Petersburg Tampere

v t e

Biennales / Biennials


AiM International Bamako Dakar


Bat-Yam International Gwangju Herzliya Incheon Istanbul International Roaming Biennial Kochi Nanjing Shanghai Singapore


ART Ii Biennale Berlin Brighton Photo Biennial Bucharest Coruche Courtray Estuaire Florence Light Art Biennale Liverpool Manifesta Moscow Munich Mykonos Netmage Paris Prague Venice

Architecture Contemporary Art Film Festival

Vienna Vladivostok Zagreb

North America

Hawaii Artists Chicago Architecture Iowa Havana Quilt National Whitney Visual Collaborative


Melbourne Sydney

South America

São Paulo


BiennaleOnline Web Biennial

Coordinates: 45°24′22″N 12°22′02″E / 45.405975°N 12.367290°E / 45.40597