Vātsyāyana is the name of an ancient Indian philosopher, whose name appears as the author of the Kama Sutra. His date is uncertain: estimates range widely, from 600 BCE. He is not to be confused with Pakṣilasvāmin Vātsyāyana, the author of Nyāya Sutra Bhāshya, the first preserved commentary on Gotama's Nyāya Sutras. His name is sometimes erroneously confused with Mallanaga, the prophet of the Asuras, to whom the origin of erotic science is attributed.
1 Biography 2 See also 3 Notes 4 References 5 External links
Hardly anything is known about Vātsyāyana, although it is believed
that his disciples went on his instructions, on the request of the
Hindu Kings in the Himalayan range to influence the hill tribals to
give up the pagan cult of sacrifices. He is said to have created the
legend of Tara among the hill tribes as a tantric goddess. Later as
the worship spread to the east Garo hills, the goddess manifest of a
'yoni' goddess Kamakhya was created. His interest in human sexual
behavior as a medium of attaining spirituality was recorded in his
treatise Kama Sutra.
At the close of the
After reading and considering the works of Babhravya and other ancient authors, and thinking over the meaning of the rules given by them, this treatise was composed, according to the precepts of the Holy Writ, for the benefit of the world, by Vatsyayana, while leading the life of a religious student at Benares, and wholly engaged in the contemplation of the Deity. This work is not to be used merely as an instrument for satisfying our desires. A person acquainted with the true principles of this science, who preserves his Dharma (virtue or religious merit), his Artha (worldly wealth) and his Kama (pleasure or sensual gratification), and who has regard to the customs of the people, is sure to obtain the mastery over his senses. In short, an intelligent and knowing person attending to Dharma and Artha and also to Kama, without becoming the slave of his passions, will obtain success in everything that he may do.
It is impossible to fix the exact date either of the life of
Vatsyayana or of his work. It is believed that he must have lived
between the 1st and 6th century AD, on the following grounds: He
^ Karl H. Potter (1970). The Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies:
Indian metaphysics and epistemology. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 239.
^ Sures Chandra Banerji. A Companion to Sanskrit Literature. Motilal
Banarsidass Pub., 1990, p. 104-105.
^ A Companion to Sanskrit Literature[page needed]
^ Alain Daniélou, p.4. Quote: "The attribution of the first name
Mallanaga to Vatsyayana is due to the confusion of his role as editor
Fosse, Lars Martin, The Kamasutra. YogaVidya.com, Woodstock NY, 2012 Doniger, Wendy & Kakar, Sudhir, Vatsyayana's Kamasutra. Oxford University Press, USA, 2009
Vātsyāyana at Project Gutenberg
Works by or about
Vātsyāyana at Internet Archive
WorldCat Identities VIAF: 86598733 LCCN: n50016741 ISNI: 0000 0001 0802 6668 GND: 118976761 SELIBR: 171722 SUDOC: 027178447 BNF: cb11927759j (data) NDL: 00459601 NKC: jx20050311004 BNE: XX1031507 CiNii