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The University of Chicago (UChicago) is a in . Founded in 1890, its main campus is located in Chicago's neighborhood. In Fall 2021, it enrolled 18,452 students, including 7,559 undergraduates and 10,893 graduate students. The university is composed of and five graduate research divisions, which contain all of the university's graduate programs and interdisciplinary committees. Chicago has eight professional schools: the , the , the , the , the , the , the , and the . The university has additional campuses and centers in , , , , and , as well as in downtown Chicago. The University of Chicago is ranked among the best universities in the world and it is among the most selective in the United States. Its scholars have played a major role in the development of many academic disciplines, including economics, law, literary criticism, mathematics, physics, religion, sociology, and political science, establishing the in various fields. Chicago's produced the world's first man-made, self-sustaining nuclear reaction in beneath the viewing stands of the university's . Advances in chemistry led to the "radiocarbon revolution" in the of ancient life and objects. The university research efforts include administration of and , as well as the . The university is also home to the , the largest in the United States. The University of Chicago's students, faculty, and staff include , among the highest of any university in the world. The university's also include 10 Fields Medalists, 4 Turing Award winners, 52 , 26 , 53 , 27 winners, 20 ists, 29 living billionaire graduates, and .


History


Early years

The University of Chicago was incorporated as a institution in 1890 by the , using $400,000 donated to the ABES to supplement a $600,000 donation from co-founder , and including land donated by . While the Rockefeller donation provided money for academic operations and long-term endowment, it was stipulated that such money could not be used for buildings. The campus was financed by donations from wealthy Chicagoans like who provided the funds for the campus' first building, , and matched Marshall Field's pledge of $100,000. Other early benefactors included businessmen (trustee, treasurer and donor of ), (president of the board of trustees and donor of the Ryerson Physical Laboratory) and Leon Mandel, who funded the construction of the gymnasium and assembly hall, and George C. Walker of the Walker Museum, a relative of Cobb who encouraged his inaugural donation for facilities. The Hyde Park campus continued the legacy of the original university of the same name, which had closed in the 1880s after its campus was foreclosed on. What became known as the had been founded by a small group of educators in 1856 through a land endowment from Senator . After a fire, it closed in 1886. Alumni from the Old University of Chicago are recognized as alumni of the present University of Chicago. The university's depiction on its coat of arms of a phoenix rising from the ashes is a reference to the fire, foreclosure, and demolition of the Old University of Chicago campus. As an homage to this pre-1890 legacy, a single stone from the rubble of the original Douglas Hall on 34th Place was brought to the current Hyde Park location and set into the wall of the Classics Building. These connections have led the dean of the college and University of Chicago and professor of history John Boyer to conclude that the University of Chicago has, "a plausible genealogy as a pre–Civil War institution". became the university's president on July 1, 1891, and the Hyde Park campus opened for classes on October 1, 1892. Harper worked on building up the faculty and in two years he had a faculty of 120, including eight former university or college presidents. Harper was an accomplished scholar () and a member of the Baptist clergy who believed that a great university should maintain the study of faith as a central focus. To fulfill this commitment, he brought the Baptist seminary that had begun as an independent school "alongside" the Old University of Chicago and separated from the old school decades earlier to Morgan Park. This became the in 1891, the first professional school at the University of Chicago. Harper recruited acclaimed Yale baseball and football player from the training school at to coach the school's football program. Stagg was given a position on the faculty, the first such athletic position in the United States. While coaching at the university, Stagg invented the numbered football jersey, the huddle, and the lighted playing field. Stagg is the namesake of the university's . The was founded in 1898, and the was founded in 1902. Harper died in 1906 and was replaced by a succession of three presidents whose tenures lasted until 1929. During this period, the was founded to support and interpret work in what was then called the Near East. In the 1890s, the university, fearful that its vast resources would injure smaller schools by drawing away good students, affiliated with several regional colleges and universities: , , , and . In 1896, the university affiliated with in Mount Carroll, Illinois. Under the terms of the affiliation, the schools were required to have courses of study comparable to those at the university, to notify the university early of any contemplated faculty appointments or dismissals, to make no faculty appointment without the university's approval, and to send copies of examinations for suggestions. The University of Chicago agreed to confer a degree on any graduating senior from an affiliated school who made a grade of A for all four years, and on any other graduate who took twelve weeks additional study at the University of Chicago. A student or faculty member of an affiliated school was entitled to free tuition at the University of Chicago, and Chicago students were eligible to attend an affiliated school on the same terms and receive credit for their work. The University of Chicago also agreed to provide affiliated schools with books and scientific apparatus and supplies at cost; special instructors and lecturers without cost except for travel expenses; and a copy of every book and journal published by the at no cost. The agreement provided that either party could terminate the affiliation on proper notice. Several University of Chicago professors disliked the program, as it involved uncompensated additional labor on their part, and they believed it cheapened the academic reputation of the university. The program passed into history by 1910.


1920s–1980s

In 1929, the university's fifth president, 30-year-old legal philosophy scholar , took office. The university underwent many changes during his 24-year tenure. Hutchins reformed the undergraduate college's liberal-arts curriculum known as the Common Core, organized the university's graduate work into four divisions, and eliminated varsity football from the university in an attempt to emphasize academics over athletics. During his term, the University of Chicago Hospitals (now called the ) finished construction and enrolled their first medical students. Also, the philosophy oriented , an institution distinctive of the university, was created. Money that had been raised during the 1920s and financial backing from the helped the school to survive through the . Nonetheless, in 1933, Hutchins proposed an unsuccessful plan to merge the University of Chicago and into a single university. During World War II, the university's made ground-breaking contributions to the . The university was the site of the first isolation of and of the creation of the first artificial, self-sustained nuclear reaction by in 1942. It has been noted that the university did not provide standard oversight regarding and his tenure as director of the from 1944 to 1973. In the early 1950s, student applications declined as a result of increasing crime and poverty in the Hyde Park neighborhood. In response, the university became a major sponsor of a controversial , which profoundly affected both the neighborhood's architecture and street plan. During this period the university, like Shimer College and 10 others, adopted an early entrant program that allowed very young students to attend college; also, students enrolled at Shimer were enabled to transfer automatically to the University of Chicago after their second year, having taken comparable or identical examinations and courses. The university experienced its share of student unrest during the 1960s, beginning in 1962 when then-freshman helped lead a in a protest over the university's off-campus rental policies. After continued turmoil, a university committee in 1967 issued what became known as the Kalven Report. The report, a two-page statement of the university's policy in "social and political action," declared that "To perform its mission in the society, a university must sustain an extraordinary environment of freedom of inquiry and maintain an independence from political fashions, passions, and pressures." The report has since been used to justify decisions such as the university's refusal to divest from South Africa in the 1980s and Darfur in the late 2000s. In 1969, more than 400 students, angry about the dismissal of a popular professor, , occupied the Administration Building for two weeks. After the sit-in ended, when Dixon turned down a one-year reappointment, 42 students were expelled and 81 were suspended, the most severe response to student occupations of any American university during the student movement. In 1978, history scholar , then the provost and acting president of , became President of the University of Chicago, a position she held for 15 years. She was the first woman in the United States to hold the presidency of a major university.


1990s–2010s

In 1999, then-President announced plans to relax the university's famed , reducing the number of required courses from 21 to 15. When ', ', and other major news outlets picked up this story, the university became the focal point of a national debate on education. The changes were ultimately implemented, but the controversy played a role in Sonnenschein's decision to resign in 2000. From the mid-2000s, the university began a number of multimillion-dollar expansion projects. In 2008, the University of Chicago announced plans to establish the , which attracted both support and controversy from faculty members and The institute will cost around $200 million and occupy the buildings of the . During the same year, investor donated $300 million to the university's , which is the largest gift in the university's history and the largest gift ever to any business school. In 2009, planning or construction on several new buildings, half of which cost $100 million or more, was underway. Since 2011, major construction projects have included the Jules and Gwen Knapp Center for Biomedical Discovery, a ten-story medical research center, and further additions to the medical campus of the . In 2014 the university launched the public phase of a $4.5 billion fundraising campaign. In September 2015, the university received $100 million from The Pearson Family Foundation to establish The Pearson Institute for the Study and Resolution of Global Conflicts and The Pearson Global Forum at the . In 2019, the university created its first school in three decades, the .


Campus


Main campus

The main campus of the University of Chicago consists of in the Chicago neighborhoods of and , approximately eight miles (12 km) south of . The northern and southern portions of campus are separated by the , a large, linear park created for the 1893 . In 2011, listed the university as one of the most beautiful college campuses in the United States. The first buildings of the campus, which make up what is now known as the Main Quadrangles, were part of a master plan conceived by two University of Chicago trustees and plotted by Chicago architect . The Main Quadrangles consist of six , each surrounded by buildings, bordering one larger quadrangle. The buildings of the Main Quadrangles were designed by Cobb, , , and other architectural firms in a mixture of the and styles, patterned on the colleges of the University of Oxford. (Mitchell Tower, for example, is modeled after Oxford's , and the university Commons, , replicates Hall.) In celebration of the 2018 Illinois Bicentennial, the University of Chicago Quadrangles were selected as one of the Illinois 200 Great Places by the Illinois component (AIA Illinois). After the 1940s, the campus's Gothic style began to give way to modern styles. In 1955, was contracted to develop a second master plan, which led to the construction of buildings both north and south of the Midway, including the Laird Bell Law Quadrangle (a complex designed by Saarinen); a series of arts buildings; a building designed by for the university's School of Social Service Administration, a building which is to become the home of the by , and the , the largest building on campus, a structure designed by of the Chicago firm . Another master plan, designed in 1999 and updated in 2004, produced the (2003), the (2001), and dining commons (2009), a new children's hospital, and other construction, expansions, and restorations. In 2011, the university completed the glass dome-shaped , which provides a grand reading room for the university library and prevents the need for an off-campus book depository. The site of is a and is marked by the sculpture '. , a building acquired by the university in 1963, is
UNESCO World Heritage Site
as well as a National Historic Landmark, as is room 405 of the , where and his team were the first to isolate plutonium. , an undergraduate dormitory, is on the . Resource Name = Hitchcock, Charles, Hall; Reference Number = 74000751 File:Snell Hitchcock1.JPG, , an undergraduate dormitory constructed in the early 20th century, is part of the Main Quadrangles. File:Rockefeller Chapel Entire Structure.jpg, , constructed in 1928, was designed by in the neo-Gothic style. File:Henry Hinds Laboratory at University of Chicago5.jpg, The Henry Hinds Laboratory for Geophysical Sciences was built in 1969. File:Ratner Athletic Center.jpg, The , opened in 2003 and designed by , houses the volleyball, wrestling, swimming, and basketball teams.


Satellite campuses

The university also maintains facilities apart from its main campus. The university's maintains campuses in , , and the downtown neighborhood of Chicago. The Center in Paris, a campus located on the of the in Paris, hosts various undergraduate and graduate study programs. In fall 2010, the university opened a center in Beijing, near 's campus in . The most recent additions are a center in , India, which opened in 2014, and a center in Hong Kong which opened in 2015.


Administration and finance

The university is governed by a board of trustees. The board of trustees oversees the long-term development and plans of the university and manages fundraising efforts, and is composed of 55 members including the university president. Directly beneath the president are the provost, fourteen vice presidents (including the chief financial officer, , and vice president for campus life and student services), the directors of and , the secretary of the university, and the student . The current chairman of the board of trustees is , and the current provost is , who stepped in February 2020 after the previous provost, , left to become Chancellor of . The current president of the University of Chicago is chemist , who assumed the role on September 1, 2021. , the previous president, transitioned into the new role of chancellor of the university. The university's endowment was the 12th largest among American educational institutions and state university systems in 2013 and was valued at $10 billion. Since 2016, the university's board of trustees has resisted pressure from students and faculty to divest its investments from fossil fuel companies. Part of former university President Zimmer's financial plan for the university was an increase in accumulation of debt to finance large building projects. This drew both support and criticism from many in the university community.


Academics

The academic bodies of the University of Chicago consist of the , five divisions of graduate research, six professional schools, and the . The university also contains a library system, the , and the , and oversees several laboratories, including , , and the . The university is accredited by . The university runs on a in which the academic year is divided into four terms: Summer (June–August), Autumn (September–December), Winter (January–March), and Spring (April–June). Full-time undergraduate students take three to four courses every quarter for approximately eleven weeks before their quarterly academic breaks. The school year typically begins in late September and ends in mid-June.


Rankings

The University of Chicago has an extensive record of producing successful business leaders and billionaires. ' has consistently placed the University of Chicago among the top 10 universities in the world, and the 2021 ' placed the university in 9th place worldwide. The university's and schools rank among the top five professional schools in the United States. The business school is currently ranked first in the US by ''US News & World Report'' and first in the world by ''The Economist'', while the law school is ranked fourth by ''US News & World Report'' and first by . Chicago has also been consistently recognized to be one of the top 15 university brands in the world, retaining the number three spot in the 2019 U.S. News Best Colleges Rankings. In a corporate study carried out by ', the university's graduates were shown to be among the most valued in the world.


Undergraduate college

The College of the University of Chicago grants Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees in 51 s and 33 minors. The college's academics are divided into five divisions: the Biological Sciences Collegiate Division, the Physical Sciences Collegiate Division, the Social Sciences Collegiate Division, the Humanities Collegiate Division, and the New Collegiate Division. The first four are sections within their corresponding graduate divisions, while the New Collegiate Division administers interdisciplinary majors and studies which do not fit in one of the other four divisions. Undergraduate students are required to take a distribution of courses to satisfy the university's general education requirements, commonly known as the Core Curriculum. In 2012–2013, the Core classes at Chicago were limited to 17 courses, and are generally led by a full-time professor (as opposed to a ). As of the 2013–2014 school year, 15 courses and demonstrated proficiency in a foreign language are required under the Core. Undergraduate courses at the University of Chicago are known for their demanding standards, heavy workload and academic difficulty; according to ', "Among the academic cream of American universities – Harvard, Yale, Princeton, MIT, and the University of Chicago – it is UChicago that can most convincingly claim to provide the most rigorous, intense learning experience."


Graduate schools and committees

The university graduate schools and committees are divided into five divisions: Biological Sciences, Humanities, Physical Sciences, Social Sciences, and the Institute for Molecular Engineering. In the autumn quarter of 2015, the university enrolled 3,588 graduate students: 438 in the Biological Sciences Division, 801 in the Humanities Division, 1,102 in the Physical Sciences Division, 1,165 in the Social Sciences Division, and 52 in the Institute for Molecular Engineering. The university is home to several committees for interdisciplinary scholarship, including the .


Professional schools

The university contains eight professional schools: the , the , the , the , the , the , the (which offers non-degree courses and certificates as well as degree programs) and the . The Law School is accredited by the , the Divinity School is accredited by the Commission on Accrediting of the , and Pritzker is accredited by the .


Associated academic institutions

The university runs a number of academic institutions and programs apart from its undergraduate and postgraduate schools. It operates the (a private for students and ), and a public with four campuses on the of Chicago administered by the university's Urban Education Institute. In addition, the Hyde Park Day School, a school for students with learning disabilities, and the , a residential treatment program for those with behavioral and emotional problems, maintains a location on the University of Chicago campus. Since 1983, the University of Chicago has maintained the , a mathematics program used in urban primary and secondary schools. The university runs a program called the Council on Advanced Studies in the Humanities and Social Sciences, which administers interdisciplinary workshops to provide a forum for graduate students, faculty, and visiting scholars to present scholarly work in progress. The university also operates the , the largest in the United States.


Library system

The system encompasses six libraries that contain a total of 11 million volumes, the 9th most among library systems in the United States. The university's main library is the , which contains one of the largest collections of print volumes in the United States. The , built in 2011, houses a large study space and an automated book storage and retrieval system. The contains more than 1.4 million volumes in the biological, medical and physical sciences and collections in general science and the philosophy and history of science, medicine, and technology. The university also operates a number of special libraries, including the D'Angelo Law Library, the Social Service Administration Library, and the Eckhart Library for mathematics and computer science. Harper Memorial Library is now a reading and study room.


Research

According to the , University of Chicago spent $423.9 million on research and development in 2018, ranking it 60th in the nation. It is among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity" and is a founding member of the and was a member of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation from 1946 through June 29, 2016, when the group's name was changed to the . The University of Chicago is not a member of the rebranded consortium, but will continue to be a collaborator. The university operates more than 140 research centers and institutes on campus. Among these are the —a museum and research center for ern studies owned and operated by the university—and a number of s, including the . Chicago also operates or is affiliated with several research institutions apart from the university proper. The university manages , part of the 's national laboratory system, and co-manages , a nearby particle physics laboratory, as well as a stake in the in . Faculty and students at the adjacent collaborate with the university. In 2013, the university formed an affiliation with the formerly independent in Woods Hole, Mass. Although formally unrelated, the is located on Chicago's campus. The University of Chicago has been the site of some important experiments and academic movements. In economics, the university has played an important role in shaping ideas about the and is the namesake of the , the school of economic thought supported by and other economists. The university's department was the first independent sociology department in the United States and gave birth to the . In physics, the university was the site of the (the first controlled, self-sustaining man-made nuclear chain reaction, part of the ), of 's that calculated the charge of the electron, and of the development of by in 1947. The chemical experiment that tested how life originated on early Earth, the , was conducted at the university. was discovered at the university in 1953 by and . The University of Chicago (Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics) operated the in from 1897 until 2018, where the largest operating in the world and other telescopes are located.


Arts

The UChicago Arts program joins academic departments and programs in the Division of the Humanities and the college, as well as professional organizations including the , the , the , the , University of Chicago Presents, and student arts organizations. The university has an artist-in-residence program and scholars in performance studies, contemporary art criticism, and film history. It has offered a doctorate in music composition since 1933 and cinema and media studies since 2000, a master of fine arts in visual arts (early 1970s), and a Master of Arts in the humanities with a creative writing track (2000). It has bachelor's degree programs in visual arts, music, and art history, and, more recently, cinema and media studies (1996) and theater and performance studies (2002). The college's general education core includes a "dramatic, musical, and visual arts" requirement, inviting students to study the history of the arts, stage desire, or begin working with sculpture. Several thousand major and non-major undergraduates enroll annually in creative and performing arts classes. UChicago is often considered the birthplace of as the student comedy troupe evolved into improv theater troupe in 1959. The Reva and David Logan Center for the Arts opened in October 2012, five years after a $35 million gift from alumnus David Logan and his wife Reva. The center includes spaces for exhibitions, performances, classes, and media production. The Logan Center was designed by .


Student body and admissions

In Fall 2018, the university enrolled 6,595 undergraduate students, 9,899 graduate students, and 616 non-degree students. The college class of 2022 is composed of 51% male students and 49% female students. 23% of the class identify as Asian, 15% as Hispanic, and 9% as Black. 15% of the class is international.Class of 2024 Profile , College Admissions
/ref> Admissions to the University of Chicago has become highly selective over the past two decades, reflecting changes in the application process, school popularity, and marketing strategy. Between 1996, and 2020, the acceptance rate of the college fell from 71% to 6.2%. The middle 50% band of scores for the undergraduate class of 2022 was 1490–1560 (98th-99th percentiles), the average score for students entering the Pritzker School of Medicine class of 2022 was 518 (96th percentile), the median score for students entering the full-time Booth MBA program class of 2021 was 730 (96th percentile), and the median score for students entering the Law School class of 2021 was 171 (98th percentile). In 2018, the University of Chicago attracted national headlines by becoming the first major research university to no longer require SAT/ACT scores from college applicants.


Athletics

The University of Chicago hosts 19 varsity sports teams: 10 men's teams and 9 women's teams, all called the , with 502 students participating in the 2012–2013 school year. The Maroons compete in the 's as members of the (UAA). The university was a founding member of the and participated in the Division I men's basketball and football and was a regular participant in the men's basketball tournament. In 1935, the University of Chicago reached the Sweet Sixteen. In 1935, player became the first winner of the . However, the university chose to withdraw from the Big Ten Conference in 1946 after University president de-emphasized varsity athletics in 1939 and dropped football. In 1969, Chicago reinstated football as a Division III team, resuming playing its home games at the new . UChicago is also the home of the team Chicago Junk.


Student life


Student organizations

Students at the University of Chicago operate more than 400 clubs and organizations known as Recognized Student Organizations (RSOs). These include cultural and religious groups, academic clubs and teams, and common-interest organizations. Notable extracurricular groups include the University of Chicago College Bowl Team, which has won 118 tournaments and 15 national championships, leading both categories internationally. The university's competitive Model United Nations team was the top-ranked team in North America in 2013–14, 2014–2015, 2015–2016, and again for the 2017–2018 season. The university's Model UN team is also the first to be in the top 5 for almost a decade, according to Best Delegate. Among notable student organizations are the nation's longest continuously running student film society , the organizing committee for the , the weekly student newspaper ', the satirical ', the nation's second-oldest continuously running student improvisational theater troupe ', and the investment club '. The University of Chicago is home to eight student-run a cappella groups, several of which compete regularly at the International Championship of Collegiate A Cappella (ICCA). The most prominent of these is the Voices (formerly Voices In Your Head), one of only six ensembles in the world to compete at ICCA finals four times. Voices placed 4th in 2012, 2nd in 2015 and 2017, and 3rd in 2018. In 2020, The A Cappella Archive ranked Voices at #5 out of all ICCA-competing groups.


Student government

All recognized student organizations, from the to Model UN, in addition to academic teams, sports clubs, arts groups, and more are funded by . Student Government consists of graduate and undergraduate students elected to represent members from their respective academic units. It is led by an executive committee, chaired by a president with the assistance of two vice presidents, one for administration and the other for student life, elected together as a slate by the student body each spring. Its annual budget is greater than $2 million.


Fraternities and sororities

There are 13 at the university: (Chicago chapter), (Lambda chapter), , (Delta Delta), (Chicago chapter), (Psi chapter), (Beta chapter), (Chi Upsilon chapter), (Chicago Colony chapter), (Omega chapter), (Omicron Omicron chapter), (Omicron Omicron chapter) and (Omega Alpha chapter). There are four : (Phi Chi chapter), (Eta Zeta chapter), (Epsilon Phi chapter) and (IL Kappa chapter) at the University of Chicago, as well as one co-ed community service fraternity are (Gamma Sigma chapter). Social fraternities and sororities are not recognized by the university as registered student organizations. Four of the sororities are members of the There is no on campus. The Multicultural Greek Council (MGC) consists of 3 fraternities and 4 sororities: fraternity (Theta chapter), sorority (Beta chapter), sorority (Lambda chapter), fraternity (University of Chicago Colony), fraternity (Psi chapter), sorority (Chi chapter), and sorority (University of Chicago, associate chapter). , approximately 20 to 25 percent of students are members of fraternities or sororities. This is an increase from the numbers published in the year 2007 by the student activities office stating that one in ten undergraduates participated in Greek life.


Student housing

On-campus undergraduate students at the University of Chicago participate in a in which each student is assigned to one of the university's 7 buildings and to a smaller community within their residence hall called a "house". There are 39 houses, with an average of 70 students in each house. Traditionally only first years were required to live in housing, starting with the Class of 2023, students are required to live in housing for the first 2 years of enrollment. About 60% of undergraduate students live on campus. For graduate students, the university owns and operates 28 apartment buildings near campus.


Traditions

Every May since 1987, the University of Chicago has held the , in which large teams of students compete to obtain notoriously esoteric items from a list. Since 1963, the Festival of the Arts (FOTA) takes over campus for 7–10 days of exhibitions and interactive artistic endeavors. Every January, the university holds a week-long winter festival, Kuviasungnerk/Kangeiko (Kuvia), which includes early morning exercise routines and fitness workshops. The university also annually holds a summer carnival and concert called Summer Breeze that hosts outside musicians and is home to , a student film society founded in 1932 that screens films nightly at the university. Since 1946, the university has organized the , which involves humorous discussions about the relative merits and meanings of s and en.


People

, there have been affiliated with the University of Chicago, 21 of whom were pursuing research or on faculty at the university at the time of the award announcement. Notable alumni and faculty affiliated with the university include . In addition, many Chicago alumni and scholars have won the and 54 have matriculated as .


Alumni

In 2019, the University of Chicago claimed 188,000 alumni. While the university's first president, stressed the importance of perennial theory over practicality in his institution's curriculum, this has not stopped the alumni of Chicago from being among the wealthiest in the world. In business, notable alumni include CEO , founder and the sixth-richest man in America (who attended for one term but chose to leave before final exams), and CEO as well as former , founder and author of the first textbook , co-founder of the , co-founder of , founder of , founder of , former COO of Goldman Sachs , billionaire investor and founder of , CEO , CEO , founder and CEO , owner and chairman , and commissioner . Notable alumni in the field of law, government and politics include justice ; the ; President of the ; and federal judge ; , and ; ; ; ; former ; Governor of the Bank of Japan ; , advisor to and ; the founder of modern ; agent ; political scientist and Sino-American expert ; current Chicago mayor ; the first female ; from and Democratic presidential candidate in and ; former president ; and , professor and former chairman of the of the Republic of Indonesia. Notable alumni who are leaders in higher education, have emerged from almost all parts of the university: college president and chancellor ; current president of ; master of and of ; president of ; former president of ; president of the ; and president of . In journalism, notable alumni include ' columnist and commentator on ' , ' columnist , ' publisher , reporter and commentator , investigative journalist and political writer , ' columnist , four-time Pulitzer Prize winning journalist , statistical analyst and ' founder and creator , and CBS News correspondent . In literature, author of the New York Times bestseller ' , -winning novelist ; Canadian-born and winning writer ; political philosopher, literary critic and author of the New York Times bestseller ' ; author of ' and spy novels ; ' author ; writer, essayist, filmmaker, teacher, and political activist ; and professor of ; , author, and president of St. Stephen's College (now ) ; and novelist and satirist are notable alumni. In the arts and entertainment, composer , dancer, choreographer and leader in the field of , founder and developer of the ' video game series , host , actor , actress , winning film critic and the subject of the 2014 documentary film ' , director, writer, and comedian , film director and screenwriter , and photographer and writer , photographer and writer, are graduates. In science, alumni include astronomers , a prominent contributor to the scientific research of , and , known for "", astronaut , geneticist , best known as one of the co-discoverers of the structure of , vaccinologist , whose vaccines save nearly 8 million lives each year, experimental physicist , popular environmentalist , nuclear physicist and researcher , balloonist , biologists and , computer scientist , the creator of the , developer , mathematician and recipient , geochemist , who developed the method into , geologist and geophysicist , known for the and , the main components of , and "Queen of Carbon" . , one of the founders of the field of as well as , got a BS and MS in physics in 1951, studying under . In economics, notable winners , a major advisor to Republican U.S. president , Conservative British prime minister and Chilean military dictator , , Nobel laureate and proponent of theory, , responsible for the modern interpretation of the concept of organizational decision-making, , the first American to win the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, and , known for his work on , and stock market behavior, are all graduates. American , , , and author is also an alumnus. Brazil's minister of the economy received his Ph.D. from UChicago in 1978. Other prominent alumni include anthropologists and , who is best known for discovering the fossil of a female hominid known as "" in the region, psychologist , American psychologist who established the of , , chess grandmaster , and conservative international relations scholar and coordinator of security planning for the . leaders , considered by some to be the founder of the American Civil Rights Movement, American educator, socialist and cofounder of the Highlander Folk School , civil rights attorney and chairman of the , commander , African-American history scholar and journalist , and Nubian scholar are all alumni. Three students from the university have been prosecuted in notable court cases: the infamous thrill killers and high school science teacher who was tried in the for teaching .


Faculty

Notable faculty in economics include , , , , , , , and . Additionally, the , which is rewarded annually to the best economist under the age of 40, has also been awarded to 4 current members of the university faculty. Notable faculty in physics have included the speed of light calculator , elementary charge calculator , discoverer of the , the creator of the first nuclear reactor , "the father of the " , "one of the most brilliant and productive experimental physicists of the twentieth century" , who introduced the , second female Nobel laureate , the youngest American winner of the Nobel Prize , and . In law, former U.S. president , the most cited legal scholar of the 20th century , Supreme Court justices , , and , and Nobel laureate in economics have served on the faculty. Other distinguished scholars who have served on the faculty include , , and . Philosophers who were members of the faculty include -winning philosopher , (central figure in and founder of ), philosopher and political theorist , (who is considered one of the founders of and the American sociological tradition), and (prominent philosopher and the founder of the Straussian School in philosophy). Notable writers , , and have all served on the faculty. Past faculty have also included astronomer , biochemist and member , biologist , chemists , (the developer of the and Nobel Prize winner), egyptologist , mathematician , (one of the leading figures of the and Nobel prize winner), meteorologist , linguistic anthropologust , Nobel Prize winning novelist , political philosopher and author , political philosopher and historian , cancer researchers and , one of the most important figures in the early development of the discipline of linguistics , the founder of , and Nobel Prize-winning physicist . Current faculty include the philosophers , , , and winner ; political scientists and ; anthropologist ; historians , , and ; paleontologists and ; evolutionary biologist ; Nobel Prize-winning economists , , , , , and ; author and noted economist ; erstwhile governor of India's ; and former chairman of President 's .


References


External links

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Illinois Great Places

University of Chicago Quadrangles

Society of Architectural Historians SAH ARCHIPEDIA entry on the University of Chicago Quadrangles
{{DEFAULTSORT:Chicago, University Of Private universities and colleges in Illinois, University of Chicago