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The United States National Library of Medicine
National Library of Medicine
(NLM), operated by the United States federal government, is the world's largest medical library.[5] Located in Bethesda, Maryland, the NLM is an institute within the National Institutes of Health. Its collections include more than seven million books, journals, technical reports, manuscripts, microfilms, photographs, and images on medicine and related sciences, including some of the world's oldest and rarest works. The current director of the NLM is Patricia Flatley Brennan.[4]

Contents

1 Publications and informational resources 2 Toxicology and environmental health 3 Radiation exposure 4 Extramural division 5 National Center for Biotechnology Information
National Center for Biotechnology Information
division 6 History 7 Gallery 8 See also 9 Notes and references 10 Further reading 11 External links

Publications and informational resources[edit] Since 1879, the National Library of Medicine
National Library of Medicine
has published the Index Medicus, a monthly guide to articles in nearly five thousand selected journals. The last issue of Index Medicus was printed in December 2004, but this information is offered in the freely accessible PubMed, among the more than fifteen million MEDLINE journal article references and abstracts going back to the 1960s and 1.5 million references going back to the 1950s.[6] The National Library of Medicine
National Library of Medicine
also runs the National Center for Biotechnology Information, which houses biological databases (PubMed among them) that are freely accessible on the Internet through the Entrez
Entrez
search engine.[7] Toxicology and environmental health[edit] The Toxicology and Environmental Health Program was established at the National Library of Medicine
National Library of Medicine
in 1967 and is charged with developing computer databases compiled from the medical literature and from the files of governmental and nongovernmental organizations.[8] The program has implemented several information systems for chemical emergency response and public education, such as the Toxicology Data Network, TOXMAP, Tox Town, Wireless Information System for Emergency Responders, Toxmystery, and the Household Products Database. These resources are accessible without charge on the internet. Radiation exposure[edit] The United States National Library of Medicine
National Library of Medicine
Radiation Emergency Management System[9] provides:

Guidance for health care providers, primarily physicians, about clinical diagnosis and treatment of radiation injury during radiological and nuclear emergencies Just-in-time, evidence-based, usable information with sufficient background and context to make complex issues understandable to those without formal radiation medicine expertise Web-based information that may be downloaded in advance, so that it would be available during an emergency if the Internet were not accessible

Radiation Emergency Management System is produced by the United States Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, Office of Planning and Emergency Operations, in cooperation with the National Library of Medicine, Division of Specialized Information Services, with subject matter experts from the National Cancer Institute, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and many U.S. and international consultants.[9] Extramural division[edit] The Extramural Division provides grants to support research in medical information science and to support planning and development of computer and communications systems in medical institutions. Research, publications, and exhibitions on the history of medicine and the life sciences also are supported by the History of Medicine Division. In April 2008 the current exhibition Against the Odds: Making a Difference in Global Health was launched. National Center for Biotechnology Information
National Center for Biotechnology Information
division[edit] National Center for Biotechnology Information
National Center for Biotechnology Information
is an intramural division within National Library of Medicine
National Library of Medicine
that creates public databases in molecular biology, conducts research in computational biology, develops software tools for analyzing molecular and genomic data, and disseminates biomedical information, all for the better understanding of processes affecting human health and disease. History[edit]

For details of the pre-1956 history of the Library, see Library of the Surgeon General's Office.

The precursor of the National Library of Medicine, established in 1836, was the Library of the Surgeon General's Office, a part of the office of the Surgeon General of the United States Army. The Armed Forces Institute of Pathology and its Medical Museum were founded in 1862 as the Army Medical Museum. Throughout their history the Library of the Surgeon General's Office and the Army Medical Museum often shared quarters. From 1866 to 1887, they were housed in Ford's Theatre after production there was stopped, following the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. In 1956, the library collection was transferred from the control of the U.S. Department of Defense to the Public Health Service of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare and renamed the National Library of Medicine, through the instrumentality of Frank Bradway Rogers, who was the director from 1956 to 1963. The library moved to its current quarters in Bethesda, Maryland, on the campus of the National Institutes of Health, in 1962. Gallery[edit]

The glowing facade of the National Library of Medicine
National Library of Medicine
at night. HMD Prints & Photos, Z AD6 U56 C25 no. M298a box 57 ins

View of the National Library of Medicine’s main reading room, with a Mondrian-influenced modernist design. HMD Prints & Photos, PP059772.6

Main reading room

The gleaming new reading room of the History of Medicine Division, in the National Library of Medicine
National Library of Medicine
on the National Institutes of Health campus, Bethesda, Maryland. HMD Prints & Photos, PP059772.5

History of Medicine reading room

Interior view of the Binding Section. HMD Prints & Photos, PP059772.4

View of front entrance of the new National Library of Medicine building under construction, in Bethesda, Maryland. HMD Prints & Photos, Z AD6 U56 C32 no. 27 box 58 ins

See also[edit]

JournalReview.org National Library of Medicine
National Library of Medicine
classification system PubMed

Notes and references[edit]

^ "A Brief History of NLM". National Library of Medicine. Retrieved September 29, 2016. ^ "Our Milestones". National Library of Medicine. Retrieved September 29, 2016. ^ "H.R.3020 - Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2016". 114th Congress. 2015. ^ a b " National Library of Medicine
National Library of Medicine
Welcomes New Director Dr. Patricia Flatley Brennan". National Library of Medicine. August 15, 2016. ^ DeBakey ME (1991). "The National Library of Medicine. Evolution of a premier information center". JAMA. 266 (9): 1252–8. doi:10.1001/jama.266.9.1252. PMID 1870251.  ^ "PubMed". United States National Library of Medicine. Retrieved May 28, 2013.  ^ "NCBI Educational Resources". United States National Library of Medicine. Retrieved May 28, 2013.  ^ "Toxicology and Environmental Health Program". National Library of Medicine. Retrieved July 11, 2007. ^ a b "Radiation Emergency Management System". National Library of Medicine.

Further reading[edit]

Miles, Wyndham D. (1992). A History of the National Library of Medicine: The Nation's Treasury of Medical Knowledge. U. S. Government Printing Office. p. 531. ISBN 9780160026447. (NLM) 8218545.  Reznick, Jeffrey; Koyle, Ken (2017). US National Library of Medicine (PDF). Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9781467126083. LCCN 2017931439. (NLM) 101706419.  Schullian, Dorothy; Rogers, Frank (January 1958). "The National Library of Medicine. I". The Library Quarterly: Information, Community, Policy. 28 (1): 1–17. NLM 0135203. Retrieved October 11, 2017 – via JSTOR.  Schullian, Dorothy; Rogers, Frank (April 1958). "The National Library of Medicine. II". The Library Quarterly: Information, Community, Policy. 28 (2): 95–121. NLM 0135203. Retrieved October 11, 2017 – via JSTOR.  Past, present, and future of biomedical information. Bethesda, Maryland: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Library of Medicine. 1987. NLM 8708723. Retrieved October 16, 2017. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to United States National Library of Medicine.

Official website Milestones in NLM History Clinical Trials, research information AIDS Info, treatment and clinical trial information History of Medicine Division: Finding Aids, a multi-institutional discovery service Specialized Information Services, minority outreach to underserved and special populations

v t e

United States National Libraries

  Department of Agriculture:  National Agricultural Library   Congress:  Library of Congress   Department of Transportation:  National Transportation Library   Department of Health and Human Services / National Institutes of Health:  National Library of Medicine   Department of Education:  National Library of Education

Other related libraries and services Federal Depository Library Program National Archives and Records Administration
National Archives and Records Administration
(NARA) Presidential library
Presidential library
system List of U.S. state libraries and archives

v t e

National Institutes of Health

Institutes

National Cancer Institute National Eye Institute National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute National Human Genome Research Institute National Institute on Aging National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering National Institute of Child Health and Human Development National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases National Institute on Drug Abuse National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences National Institute of General Medical Sciences National Institute of Mental Health National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke National Institute of Nursing Research National Library of Medicine

Centers

Center for Information Technology Center for Scientific Review John E. Fogarty International Center National Center for Complementary and Integrative Medicine National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences Vaccine Research Center National Institutes of Health
National Institutes of Health
Clinical Center

Programs

Visible Human Project National Diabetes Education Program

Directors

Joseph J. Kinyoun Milton J. Rosenau John F. Anderson George W. McCoy Lewis R. Thompson Rolla Dyer William H. Sebrell, Jr James Augustine Shannon Robert Q. Marston Robert Stone Donald S. Fredrickson James B. Wyngaarden Bernadine Healy Harold E. Varmus Elias Zerhouni Francis Collins George Koob

Related

NIH Record United States Public Health Service Division of Intramural Research National Institutes of Health
National Institutes of Health
campus National Institutes of Health
National Institutes of Health
Director's Pioneer Award NIH Public Access Policy National Center for Research Resources National Institutes of Health
National Institutes of Health
Police Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 139054940 LCCN: n80044831 ISNI: 0000 0001 2168 9327 GND: 1006047-9 SUDOC: 028379292 BNF: cb12022635n (data) NLA: 35569840 NKC: nlk200201

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