The United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit (in
case citation Case citation is a system used by legal professionals to identify past court case decisions, either in series of books called reporters or law reports, or in a neutral style that identifies a decision regardless of where it is reported. Case ci ...
s, 1st Cir.) is a federal court with
appellate jurisdiction Appellate jurisdiction is the power of an appellate court to review, amend and overrule decisions of a trial court or other lower tribunal. Most appellate jurisdiction is legislatively created, and may consist of appeals by leave of the appellate ...
over the district courts in the following
districts A district is a type of administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are generic na ...
: *
District of Maine The District of Maine was the governmental designation for what is now the U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous Unite ...
* District of Massachusetts * District of New Hampshire * District of Puerto Rico * District of Rhode Island The court is based at the John Joseph Moakley Federal Courthouse in Boston, Massachusetts. Most sittings are held in Boston, where the court usually sits for one week most months of the year; in one of July or August, it takes a summer break and does not sit. The First Circuit also sits for one week each March and November at the Jose V. Toledo Federal Building and United States Courthouse in Old San Juan, Puerto Rico, and occasionally sits at other locations within the circuit. With six active judges and four active senior judges, the First Circuit is the smallest of the thirteen
United States courts of appeals The United States courts of appeals or circuit courts are the intermediate appellate courts of the United States federal judiciary. The courts are divided into 13 circuits, and each hears appeals from the United States district court, district c ...
. Since retiring from the
United States Supreme Court The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest court in the federal judiciary of the United States of America The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a coun ...
Associate Justice Associate justice or associate judge is the title for a member of a judicial panel who is not the chief justice in some jurisdictions. The title "Associate Justice" is used for members of the Supreme Court of the United States The Supreme ...
David Souter David Hackett Souter ( ; born September 17, 1939) is a retired Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. He served from October 1990 to his retirement in June 2009. Appointed by US President George H. W. Bush to fill the seat t ...
regularly sits on the First Circuit by designation.

Current composition of the court


Vacancies and pending nominations

List of former judges

Chief judges

Succession of seats

Notable decisions

*'' West v. Randall'' (1820), one of the first decisions setting precedent for class action suits

See also

* Courts of the United States * Judicial appointment history for United States federal courts#First Circuit * List of current United States Circuit Judges * List of United States federal courthouses in the First Circuit


;Specific ;General :*

External links

United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit

Recent opinions from Findlaw

First Circuit Court Records Finder
* {{DEFAULTSORT:United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, 1891 establishments in the United States Courts and tribunals established in 1891