United States Assistant Secretary of State
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Assistant Secretary of State (A/S) is a title used for many executive positions in the
United States Department of State The United States Department of State (DOS), or State Department, is an executive department The United States federal executive departments are the principal units of the Federal government of the United States, executive branch of the feder ...
, ranking below the under secretaries. A set of six assistant secretaries reporting to the
under secretary for political affairs The Under Secretary for Political Affairs is currently the fourth-ranking position in the United States Department of State, after the United States Secretary of State, Secretary, the United States Deputy Secretaries of State, Deputy Secretary and ...
manage diplomatic missions within their designated geographic regions, plus one assistant secretary dealing with international organizations. Assistant secretaries usually manage individual bureaus of the Department of State. When the manager of a bureau or another agency holds a title other than assistant secretary, such as "director," it can be said to be of "assistant secretary equivalent rank." Assistant secretaries typically have a set of deputies, referred to as deputy assistant secretaries (DAS).


History

From 1853 until 1913, the assistant secretary of state was the second-ranking official within the U.S. Department of State. Prior to 1853, the chief clerk was the second-ranking officer, and after 1913, the
counselor Counselor or counsellor may refer to: Diplomacy and government * Counselor (diplomat), a high-ranking diplomat * Counsellor of State, Counsellor of State (United Kingdom), senior member of the British royal family to whom the Monarch can dele ...
was the second-ranking position, though the assistant secretary continued to be a position until 1924. From 1867, the Assistant Secretary of State was assisted by a second assistant secretary of state, and from 1875, by a third assistant secretary of state. Specific duties of the incumbents varied over the years and included such responsibilities as supervising the Diplomatic and Consular Bureaus, general supervision of correspondence, consular appointments, administration of the Department, and supervision of economic matters and various geographic divisions.


Overview

Today, the title of the second-ranking position is the
Deputy Secretary of State Deputy is one empowered to act for another. Depute is the historical form of "deputy" and is still used in the Scottish legal system. Deputy or depute may refer to: * Steward (office)A steward is an official who is appointed by the legal ruling mo ...
, with the next tier of State Department officials bearing the rank of
Under Secretary of State Under Secretary of State (U/S) is a title used by senior officials of the United States Department of State The United States Department of State (DOS), or State Department, is an executive department of the U.S. federal government responsible ...
. The following is a list of current offices bearing the title of "Assistant Secretary of State": *Reporting directly to the
United States secretary of state The United States secretary of state implements foreign policy for the U.S. government as the head of the U.S. Department of State. Created in 1789, the Cabinet position is analogous to a foreign minister A foreign affairs minister or min ...
: **
Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research The Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research is the head of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research The Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR) is an intelligence Intelligence has been defined in many ways: the capacity fo ...
** Assistant Secretary of State for Legislative Affairs *Reporting to the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs, under secretary of state for political affairs: ** Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs ** Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs ** Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs ** Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs ** Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs ** Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asian Affairs ** Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs * Reporting to the Under Secretary of State for Management, under secretary of state for management: ** Assistant Secretary of State for Administration ** Assistant Secretary of State for Consular Affairs ** Assistant Secretary of State for Diplomatic Security * Reporting to the Under Secretary of State for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment, under secretary of state for economic growth, energy, and the environment: ** Assistant Secretary of State for Economic and Business Affairs ** Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs ** Assistant Secretary of State for Energy Resources *Reporting to the Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs, under secretary of state for public diplomacy and public affairs: ** Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs ** Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs, Assistant Secretary of State for Global Public Affairs * Reporting to the Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs, under secretary of state for arms control and international security: ** Assistant Secretary of State for International Security and Nonproliferation ** Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs ** Assistant Secretary of State for Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance * Reporting to the Under Secretary of State for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights, under secretary of state for civilian security, democracy, and human rights: ** Assistant Secretary of State for Conflict and Stabilization Operations ** Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor ** Assistant Secretary of State for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs ** Assistant Secretary of State for Population, Refugees, and Migration The following roles also possess a rank equivalent to Assistant Secretary: *Chief of Protocol of the United States, Chief of Protocol of the United States, with the rank of Ambassador *Coordinator for Counterterrorism, Coordinator for Counterterrorism, with the rank and status of Ambassador-at-Large *Executive Secretary of the Department of State, Special Assistant to the Secretary and Executive Secretary of the Department *Inspector General of the Department of State *Legal Adviser of the Department of State *Director General of the Foreign Service, Director General of the Foreign Service and Director of Global Talent *Director of Policy Planning *United States Ambassador-at-Large for Global Women's Issues *United States Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues, United States Ambassador-at-Large for Global Criminal Justice *United States Ambassador-at-Large to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons *United States Global AIDS Coordinator, Coordinator of U.S. Government Activities to Combat HIV/AIDS Globally, with the rank of Ambassador-at-Large and U.S. Special Representative for Global Health Diplomacy *Foreign Service Institute, Director of the Foreign Service Institute *Office of the Science and Technology Adviser to the Secretary of State, Science and Technology Adviser to the Secretary of State *Bureau of Information Resource Management, Chief Information Officer of the Department *Office of Foreign Missions, Director of the Office of Foreign Missions, with rank of Ambassador *Director of Budget and Planning *Comptroller of the Department *Chief Economist of the Department *Director of the Office of U.S. Foreign Assistance Resources *Chief Medical Officer and Designated Agency Safety and Health Official *Director of the Office of Civil Rights


Current assistant secretaries of state


List of Assistant Secretaries of State, 1853–1937


Second Assistant Secretary of State

The ''Consular and Diplomatic Appropriations Act'' for the year ending June 30, 1867 authorized the president to appoint a second assistant secretary of state. Duties of incumbents varied less over the years than did those of the other assistant secretary positions. Responsibilities included: supervision of correspondence with diplomatic officers; preparation of drafts of treaties, conventions, diplomatic notes, and instructions; detailed treatment of current diplomatic and political questions; approval of correspondence for the signature of the secretary or acting secretary; and consultation on matters of diplomatic procedure, international law and policy, and traditional practices of the Department. The Foreign Service Act of 1924 abolished numerical titles for assistant secretaries of state. Only two people held the position from 1866 to 1924.


Third Assistant Secretary of State

A federal appropriations act for the year ending Jun 30, 1875 (Jun 20, 1874; 18 Stat. 90), authorized the president to appoint a third assistant secretary of state. The secretary of state was authorized to prescribe the duties of the assistant secretaries and other Department of State employees, "and may make changes and transfers therein when, in his judgment, it becomes necessary." The third assistant secretary's duties varied over the years, including such diverse assignments as: supervision of several geographic divisions; oversight of the bureaus of accounts and appointments; international conferences and commissions; and ceremonials and protocol, including presentation to the president of chiefs of foreign diplomatic missions. The Foreign Service Act of 1924 (May 24, 1924; 43 Stat 146) abolished numerical titles for assistant secretaries of state.


Defunct offices including the designation of Assistant Secretary of State

*Assistant Secretary of State for Occupied Areas


See also

* :United States Assistant Secretaries of State, which includes some holders of post-1924 positions named Assistant Secretary of State


References


External links


The Department of State's organization page


*[https://1997-2001.state.gov/www/about_state/history/officers/asec5324.html The Department of State's list of Assistant Secretaries of State during the time it was the second-ranking position].
The Department of State's list of Second Assistant Secretaries of State during the time it was the third-ranking position

Assistant Secretaries of State
{{DEFAULTSORT:United States Assistant Secretary Of State United States Assistant Secretaries of State, United States Department of State 1867 establishments in the United States 1924 disestablishments United States diplomacy