(c. 1794 – c. 1870) was a Bosnian poet of
Ottoman times. She is the earliest Bosnian female author whose work
survives to this day. Čuvidina sang her poems and contributed
greatly to the traditional genre of
folk music, sevdalinka.
3.1 Elementary school
4 Partial list of works
4.1 circa 1810s-1820s
Čuvidina was born in
Sarajevo around the year 1794, while modern-day
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina was part of the Ottoman Empire. She was from a
Bosniak family of restaurateurs, who later grew and sold watermelons.
Čuvidina grew up in Hrid, a quarter of
Sarajevo situated on the left
bank of the river Miljacka.
In 1813, Čuvidina was engaged to a young man named Mujo
Čamdži-bajraktar who died as a soldier of the imperial army of
Alipaša Derendelija during the
First Serbian Uprising
First Serbian Uprising of the early
19th century. He was killed near the small town of
Loznica near the
Drina river. Strongly affected by her fiancé's death, Čuvidina
decided never to marry and began writing poetry about her fiancé and
his fellow soldiers.
For three years after Mujo's death, Umihana did not make it out of her
yard. In the fourth year, she manually cut off all her hair as a sign
of eternal mourning for her dead love and tied it onto the fence in
her yard. This is something that is mentioned in her poems.
The only full poem that can be attributed to Čuvidina without doubt
is the 79-verse-long epos called "Sarajlije iđu na vojsku protiv
Srbije" (English: "The Men of
Sarajevo March to War Against Serbia"),
which was written in
Umihana Čuvidina lived into old age and died in about 1870. She was
buried in a Muslim funeral in an unknown location in Sarajevo, "below
the grove on the cliff".
An elementary school named after her (
Umihana Čuvidina Osnovna
Škola) opened in 1970 in a part of
Sarajevo called Boljakov
On 26 September 1992, a few of the students were killed by Serb forces
during the Bosnian War. Three months later, on 16 December 1992,
three more young students from the school were killed by a Serb
grenade and multiple others wounded as they played in the courtyard of
the building. These incidents were a part of the Siege of Sarajevo
which lasted nearly four years.
The home in which she was born on the street "Ulica Mujezinova" in
Sarajevo has severely deteriorated over the years. It is
difficult for the older residents of the street to walk around during
winter, when ice and snow cover the old cobblestones, which are
continuing to deteriorate, as grass grows around them. Her home of
birth is also falling apart. The residents had multiple times asked
the city to pay to have a plaque with historical data about Čuvidina
placed on the home where she once lived, but to no avail until 2011
when the city of
Sarajevo approved 80,000 Bosnian convertible marks to
restore the street and home.
In September 2012, Bosnian actress Nada Đurevska announced that she
and her colleague Admir Glamočak are planning to create a monodrama
about Umihana Čuvidina. Đurevska stated that she had been collecting
information about the life of the enigmatic poet for years.
Partial list of works
"Čamdži Mujo i lijepa Uma" (Čamdži Mujo and Beautiful Uma)
"Sarajlije iđu na vojsku protiv Srbije" (The Men of
Sarajevo March to
War Against Serbia)
"Žal za Čamdži Mujom" (Longing for Čamdži Mujo)
^ "Tarih donosi priču o Umihani Čuvidini". tvsa.ba. 28 December
2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2014. Retrieved 24
^ "Sevdalinka, naučni esej". ibn-sina.net. Retrieved 24 December
^ Voices in the Shadows: Women and Verbal Art in Serbia and Bosnia;
Pages 250 & 251. books.google.com. Retrieved 24 December
Umihana Čuvidina Elementary School official website". osuc.edu.ba.
Retrieved 24 December 2012.
^ "Osnovna škola "Umihana Čuvidina", Sarajevo". most387.com. 6
January 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
^ "Obilježena godišnjica ubistva devet građana Novog Grada".
avaz.ba. 28 September 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
^ "OBILJEŽENA 20. GODIŠNJICA STRADANJA U POTUR ŠEHIDIJINOJ ULICI".
novigradsarajevo.ba. 17 December 2012. Retrieved 24 December
^ "Propada ulica u kojoj je rođena čuvena Umihana Čuvidina".
avaz.ba. 1 April 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
^ "Dosta oštećenih kaldrma u Starom Gradu: Za sanaciju 80.000 KM".
avaz.ba. 24 May 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
^ "Đurevska i Glamočak pripremaju monodramu o Umihani Čuvidinoj".
avaz.ba. 25 September 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
^ "CAMDZI MUJO I LIJEPA UMA". camo.ch. Retrieved 24 December