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Umiam Lake
Umiam Lake
( commonly known as barapani lake ) is a reservoir located in the hills 15 km to the North of Shillong
Shillong
in the state of Meghalaya, India. It was created by damming the Umiam river in the early 1960s. The principal catchment area of the lake and dam is spread over 220 square km.

Contents

1 History 2 Tourist destination 3 Ecological effect 4 Toxic threat and silting 5 Gallery 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] Umiam Dam, which impounds the lake, was built by the Assam State Electricity Board in the early 1960s. The dam's original purpose was to store water for hydroelectric power generation. The Umiam Stage I powerhouse, located north of the lake, has four 9-MW turbine-generators, which entered commercial operation in 1965. Umiam Stage I was the first reservoir-storage hydroelectric project commissioned in the northeastern region of India. (Umtru Hydroelectric Project, a run-of-river project with an original capacity of 8.4 MW, began operation in 1957.) Three more stages of the Umiam Project were subsequently built downstream.[1] Tourist destination[edit] The lake serves as a major tourist attraction for the state of Meghalaya. It is also a popular destination for water sport and adventure facilities. Tourists visit this spot for kayaking, water cycling, scooting and boating.

Sunset at Umiam Lake

Ecological effect[edit] Apart from storing water for electricity generation, the lake also provides numerous ecosystem services at micro, meso and macro levels. Downstream irrigation, fisheries and drinking water cater to local anthropogenic needs.

View of Umiam Lake

Toxic threat and silting[edit] Due to the rising population of Shillong
Shillong
which is situated upstream of the lake, the lake is starting to become highly polluted. Also, there is the heavy problem of silting. An estimated 40,000 cubic metres of silt enter Umiam Lake
Umiam Lake
every year. Causes range between upstream encroachments, deforestation, blockage of natural drainage systems and unscientific mining et al. in the catchment area. Excessive silt load in the lake has lowered the storage. Gallery[edit]

Lakeside boats, Umiam Lake

View of Umiam Lake

View of Umiam Lake

View of Umiam Lake

Magnificent Umiam lake

References[edit]

^ http://india-wris.nrsc.gov.in/wrpinfo/index.php?title=Umiam_Stage_-_I_Power_House_PH00820

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Umiam Lake.

Umiam lake faces toxic threat Umiam Dam satellite map Umiam Lake
Umiam Lake
Details Siltation and Pollution Contribute to Power Crisis in Shillong Pollution of Umiam Lake

v t e

Hydrography of Northeast India

Rivers

Bhogdoi Siang/Dihang/Brahmaputra Dhansiri Dihing Diphlu Feni Gumti Haora Iril Kaladan Kameng or Jia Bhoreli Karnaphuli Khowai Kolong Lohit Manas/ Drangme Chhu Manu Mora Dhansiri Muhuri Myntdu Mora Diphlu Sankosh or Puna Tsang Chhu Simsang or Someshwari Surma Surma-Meghna River System Thega River Tirap

Lakes

Kamalasagar Loktak Umiam Lake

Waterfalls

Bishop Kynrem Langshiang Nohkalikai Nohsngithiang Vantawng

Fluvial islands

Majuli

Hydrography of surrounding areas

Bhutan Bengal Mizoram

This article related to a location in the Indian state of Meghalaya
Meghalaya
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