HOME
The Info List - Ulysses S. Grant III





Ulysses Simpson Grant III (July 4, 1881 – August 29, 1968) was a United States
United States
Army officer and planner. He was the son of Frederick Dent Grant, and the grandson of General of the Army and U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant.

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Career

2.1 Post-World War I 2.2 World War II

3 Post military career 4 Memberships 5 Later life and death 6 Awards and decorations 7 Dates of rank 8 Bibliography 9 See also 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links

Early life and education[edit] Grant was born in Chicago, as a grandson of President and General Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant
and educated in Austria, where his father was an American diplomat. He attended Columbia University
Columbia University
until 1898 when he received an appointment to West Point. He graduated sixth in his class in 1903 ( Douglas MacArthur
Douglas MacArthur
graduated first in that class). Career[edit] After his graduation from West Point, Grant was assigned to the Corps of Engineers of the United States
United States
Army and graduated from the U.S. Engineer School in 1908. He also served in the General Staff
General Staff
Corps from 1917 to 1920 and again from 1936 to 1940. Grant served on Mindanao
Mindanao
in the Philippines
Philippines
(1903–04); the Cuban Pacification (1906); the Mexican Border Service
Mexican Border Service
(1913–17), including the Veracruz Expedition (1914), and the Pancho Villa Expedition (1916); as well as in World War I
World War I
and World War II. In 1904 Grant served as an aide to President Theodore Roosevelt. Grant met his future wife while he was at the White House. In 1907, Grant married Edith Root (1878–1962), the daughter of Elihu Root, the former Secretary of War and Secretary of State. They had three daughters: Edith, Clara Frances, and Julia. During World War I, Grant was promoted to major. From 1918–19, Major Grant served on the staff of General Tasker H. Bliss, the United States representative at the Supreme War Council
Supreme War Council
at Versailles. Grant was the secretary of the American section. In 1918, he assisted in the treaty negotiations with Germany regarding the treatment of prisoners of war. In 1919, Grant served on President Woodrow Wilson's commission to negotiate peace in Paris. Post-World War I[edit] After the war, Grant returned to the United States
United States
and was the district engineer of the 2nd Engineer District in San Francisco. While in California, Grant also served on the California Debris Commission. On August 28, 1923, Grant made his first visit to the Sierra Nevada. The superintendent of General Grant National Park (now Kings Canyon National Park) invited Grant to see the park named after Grant's grandfather. Grant visited the General Grant Grove
General Grant Grove
and the General Grant tree, a Giant Sequoia. By 1923, Grant went to Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
and was the executive officer of the Arlington Memorial Bridge
Arlington Memorial Bridge
Commission and a member of the National Capital Park and Planning Commission. In 1925, he was director of the newly created Office of Public Buildings and Public Parks of the National Capital (1925–1933). By 1927 he was promoted to lieutenant colonel, and was appointed as a co-director of the bicentennial celebration of the birth of George Washington. As the director of the parks in Washington, Grant also supervised the United States Park Police. Grant expanded the police, instituted plain-clothes patrols, and modernized the force with the addition of motorcycles and automobiles. Later, in 1928, Grant ordered the police to crack down on late-night "petters" in the parks. In 1934, he graduated from the Army War College. He commanded the 1st Engineer Regiment at Fort DuPont, Delaware and the Delaware Civilian Conservation Corps District from 1934 to 1936. He was a full colonel by this time. In 1936, Grant was the chief of staff of the Second Corps Area
Corps Area
at Fort Jay, Governors Island, New York, an army post where his grandfather had stayed prior to his posting to California in 1854 and where his father commanded a department and was division commander until his death in 1912. While in New York, Grant, his wife, and her siblings and their spouses were present at the bedside of his father-in-law, Elihu Root, when he died in 1937. In 1940, Grant was division engineer for the Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Engineer Division, headquartered in Cleveland, Ohio. He was promoted to brigadier general. World War II[edit] From 1941 to mid 1942, he commanded the Engineer Replacement Training Center at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri. In July 1942, Grant was made chief of the Protection Branch of the Office of Civilian Defense
Office of Civilian Defense
in Washington, D.C.; he was in charge of the United States' civil defense and often traveled across the country in this capacity. In 1943, Grant was promoted to major general. In July 1945 he reached the mandatory retirement age of 64 and retired on 31st of the month. The next day he was recalled to active duty and served until he became fully retired from the Army on July 15, 1946. Post military career[edit]

Grant at the Lincoln Memorial in 1949

After his retirement from the army, Grant again served on the National Capital Park and Planning Commission. He was vice president of George Washington University from 1946 to 1951. In addition, he also served as president of the American Planning and Civic Association from 1947 to 1949. He was also on the National Council of Historic Sites and a trustee of the National Trust for Historic Preservation. Grant's testimony as a Corps of Engineers veteran before Congress in opposition to the Echo Park Dam
Echo Park Dam
in Dinosaur National Monument
Dinosaur National Monument
was a key element in the cancellation of the project, and in protection of national park lands against water development projects.[1] From 1952 to 1968, Grant served as president of the board of trustees of the Columbia Historical Society (now the Historical Society of Washington, D.C.).[2] From 1957 to 1961, he was chairman of the Civil War Centennial Commission. He resigned from the Centennial Commission due to the illness of his wife and because of controversies that developed in planning commemorative events for the centennial of the American Civil War. The centennial celebration began at Grant's Tomb
Grant's Tomb
with a 21-gun salute and was attended by cadets from West Point. A major controversy developed when ceremonies were to be held at Fort Sumter
Fort Sumter
in South Carolina. A black woman member of the Centennial Commission was denied a room at a Charleston, South Carolina hotel. The NAACP
NAACP
protested this vigorously and called for protests and boycotts of any centennial celebrations. It accused the Centennial Commission of being pro-South and not forcing the hotel to allow blacks in, especially on official business. General Grant made the statement that the Centennial Commission was not responsible for state laws. Memberships[edit] Grant belonged to the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States (MOLLUS), the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War
Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War
(SUVCW) and the Aztec Club of 1847. He served as the Aztec Club's president for three non-consecutive terms from 1951–52, 1953–54 and 1955–56. He served as commander-in-chief of MOLLUS from 1957 to 1961. He also served as commander-in-chief of the SUVCW from 1953 to 1955 and as national counselor of the SUVCW from 1961 until his death in 1968. He is the only person to have served as the national president of all three organizations. In 1912 he was elected to membership in the Empire State Society of the Sons of the American Revolution
Sons of the American Revolution
and was assigned SAR national membership number 24,174. He was also an hereditary member of the Military Order of the Carabao in succession to his father who passed in 1912.[3] He was also a member of the Order of the Founders and Patriots of America and served as the Order's Governor General. In addition to the above organizations, Grant was also eligible for membership in the United Spanish War Veterans, Military Order of Foreign Wars, Military Order of the World Wars, Veterans of Foreign Wars and the American Legion. Later life and death[edit] After the death of his wife, General Grant remained at his home on the outskirts of Clinton, New York near Hamilton College. In 1961, Grant received an honorary LL.D. degree from Hamilton College. Grant died August 29, 1968 in Clinton, New York and was buried at the Hamilton College Cemetery near his father-in-law.[4] His cousin was Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant
IV, the son of Ulysses S. Grant, Jr. Awards and decorations[edit]

  Distinguished Service Medal   Legion of Merit   Philippine Campaign Medal   Army of Cuban Pacification
Cuban Pacification
Medal   Mexican Service Medal    World War I
World War I
Victory Medal   American Defense Service Medal   American Campaign Medal    World War II
World War II
Victory Medal   Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George
Order of St Michael and St George
(UK)    Officier Légion d'honneur
Légion d'honneur
(France)    Croix de guerre
Croix de guerre
(France)    Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus
Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus
(Italy) Medal of Solidarity, 1918 (Panama)

Dates of rank[edit]

No insignia Cadet, United States
United States
Military Academy: June 13, 1899

No insignia in 1903 Second lieutenant, Regular Army: June 11, 1903

First lieutenant, Regular Army: June 11, 1904

Captain, Regular Army: February 27, 1911

Major, Regular Army: June 3, 1916

Lieutenant colonel, temporary: August 5, 1917

Colonel, National Army: December 20, 1917

Major, Regular Army: March 15, 1920 (Reverted to permanent rank.)

Lieutenant colonel, Regular Army: October 13, 1926

Colonel, Regular Army: October 1, 1934

Brigadier general, Army of the United States: October 25, 1940

Major general, Army of the United States: February 2, 1943

Major general, Retired List: July 31, 1945

Recalled to active service as major general: August 1, 1945

Released from active duty: July 15, 1946

Source: U.S. Army Register, 1946.[5] Bibliography[edit]

"Washington, a Treasure of Opportunities." American Magazine of Art Vol. 22, May 1931. "Washington, a Planned City in Evolution." Journal of the American Institute of Architects Vol. 1, March 1944. "Major Problems in Planning a Worthy Capital for the Nation." Landscape Architecture Vol. 40, October 1949. "Here Comes the Greatest Centennial in U.S. History!" published in various newspapers October 1960. Ulysses S. Grant: Warrior and Statesman. (1969) William Morrow & Company, New York. This is a biography of his famous grandfather and was published posthumously.

See also[edit]

United States
United States
Army portal World War I
World War I
portal World War II
World War II
portal

References[edit]

^ Martin, Russell (1989). A Story that Stands Like a Dam: Glen Canyon and the Struggle for the Soul of the West. University of Utah Press. p. 55. ISBN 0-87480-597-X.  ^ "About Us - History of the Historical Society". Washington, D.C.: The Historical Society of Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
2004. Archived from the original on 2009-02-04. Retrieved 2014-02-07.  ^ Historical Sketch, Constitution and Register of the Military Order of the Carabao. 1900-1913. W.F. Roberts Co. Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
1913. pg. 109. ^ Gen Ulysses Simpson Grant, III at Find a Grave ^ United States
United States
Army Register. 1946. Vol. 1. pg. 894.

Further reading[edit]

"Be Thou at Rest". Assembly Association of Graduates, U.S.M.A. Vol. 29, No. 3, Fall 1970, pp. 115–116. Los Angeles Times, various articles 1923–1961. Who's Who in America 1954–1955. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. Who Was Who in America 1969–1973. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography. (1973) Vol. 54. New York: James T. White & Co., pp. 401–402.

External links[edit]

" Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant
III". Find a Grave. Retrieved March 28, 2010. 

v t e

Ulysses S. Grant

18th President of the United States
United States
(1869–1877) Commanding General of the United States
United States
Army 1865-1869

Life and politics

Early life and career Birth Place Boyhood home Grant Schoolhouse Point Pleasant, Ohio White Haven home

farm

Galena home

Military Career

Military Service Commanding General of the United States
United States
Army American Civil War

Battle of Shiloh Battle of Appomattox Court House

Campaigns

Vicksburg Campaign Chattanooga Campaign Overland Campaign Petersburg Campaign Appomattox Campaign

General of the Army Reconstruction Era

Presidency

First inauguration Second inauguration Scandals Reforms Peace Policy Department of Justice Fifteenth Amendment Treaty of Washington Korean Expedition Comstock Laws Panic of 1873 1875 Civil Rights Act Modoc War Great Sioux War Pardons Cabinet Judicial appointments State of the Union
State of the Union
addresses

1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876

Elections

Republican National Convention, 1868 1872 United States
United States
presidential election, 1868 1872

Post-presidency

Later life Bid for a Third Term World tour of Ulysses S. Grant

Legacy

Bibliography Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant Grant's Tomb Grant Park Grant Memorial Presidential library Grantism General Grant ship General Grant tree

grove

Grant Cottage State Historic Site Lee and Grant at Appomattox The Peacemakers Cultural depictions U.S. Postage stamps Currency

$50 Bill

Grant High School U.S. Grant Hotel

Family

Julia Grant
Julia Grant
(wife) Jesse Root Grant
Jesse Root Grant
(father) Frederick Dent Grant
Frederick Dent Grant
(son) Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant
Jr. (son) Jesse R. Grant (son) Nellie Grant
Nellie Grant
(daughter) Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant
III (grandson) Chapman Grant
Chapman Grant
(grandson) Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant
IV (grandson) Julia Dent Cantacuzène Spiransky-Grant
Julia Dent Cantacuzène Spiransky-Grant
(granddaughter) Cincinnati (horse)

← Andrew Johnson Rutherford B. Hayes
Rutherford B. Hayes

Category

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 1533638 LCCN: n87846099 SN

.