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Udupi
Udupi
(alternatively spelled as Udipi) also known as Odipu in Tulu is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is the administrative headquarters of Udupi
Udupi
District. Udupi
Udupi
is one of the top tourist attraction in Karnataka.It is notable for the Krishna
Krishna
Temple, Tulu Ashtamathas and lends its name to the popular Udupi
Udupi
cuisine. It is also known as Lord Parashurama Kshetra, and is famous for Kanakana Kindi. A centre of pilgrimage, Udupi
Udupi
is known as Rajata Peetha and Shivalli
Shivalli
(Shivabelle). It is also known as the temple city.[3] Manipal is a locality within Udupi
Udupi
city. Udupi
Udupi
is situated about 60 km north of the industrial hub Mangalore
Mangalore
and about 422 km northwest of state capital Bengaluru
Bengaluru
by road.

Contents

1 Geography and Climate 2 Demographics 3 Mythology 4 Culture 5 Festivals

5.1 Cuisine 5.2 Cinemas 5.3 Places of interest

6 Economy 7 Transport 8 Images 9 See also 10 Footnotes 11 References 12 Bibliography 13 Further reading 14 External links

Geography and Climate[edit] Udupi
Udupi
has an elevation of 27 m (89 ft) above mean sea level.[4] The climate in Udupi
Udupi
is hot in summers and pleasant in winter. During summers (from March to May) the temperature reaches up to 38 °C and in winters (from December to February) it is usually between 32 °C and 20 °C. The monsoon period is from June to September with one of the rainfall averaging more than 4000mm every year and heavy winds.

Climate data for Udupi

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 32.8 (91) 33.5 (92.3) 33.6 (92.5) 34.2 (93.6) 33.3 (91.9) 29.7 (85.5) 28.0 (82.4) 28.4 (83.1) 29.5 (85.1) 30.9 (87.6) 32.3 (90.1) 32.8 (91) 31.58 (88.84)

Average low °C (°F) 20.8 (69.4) 21.8 (71.2) 23.6 (74.5) 25 (77) 25.1 (77.2) 23.4 (74.1) 22.9 (73.2) 23 (73) 23.1 (73.6) 23.1 (73.6) 22.4 (72.3) 21.2 (70.2) 22.95 (73.28)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.1 (0.043) 0.2 (0.008) 2.9 (0.114) 24.4 (0.961) 183.2 (7.213) 1,177.2 (46.346) 1,350.4 (53.165) 787.3 (30.996) 292.1 (11.5) 190.8 (7.512) 70.9 (2.791) 16.4 (0.646) 4,096.9 (161.295)

[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Udupi
Udupi
city source: Census 2011   Hindus (85.72%)   Muslims (8.22%)   Christians (5.59%)   Jains (0.39%)   Not Stated (0.04%)   Sikh (0.02%)   Buddhist (0.01%)   Other (0.01%)

Udupi
Udupi
is one of district of Karnataka
Karnataka
in India. There are 3 Taluks, 233 villages and 21 towns in Udupi
Udupi
district. As per the Census India
India
2011, Udupi district
Udupi district
has 2,53,078 households, population of 11,77,361 of which 5,62,131 are males and 6,15,230 are females. The population of children between age 0-6 is 1,03,160 which is 8.76% of total population. The sex-ratio of Udupi district
Udupi district
is around 1094 compared to 973 which is average of Karnataka
Karnataka
state. The literacy rate of Udupi district
Udupi district
is 78.69% out of which 82.85% males are literate and 74.89% females are literate. The total area of Udupi
Udupi
is 3,582 sq.km with population density of 329 per sq.km. Out of total population, 71.63% of population lives in Urban area and 28.37% lives in Rural area. There are 6.41% Scheduled Caste (SC) and 4.49% Scheduled Tribe (ST) of total population in Udupi
Udupi
district.

A young Shivalli
Shivalli
Brahmin boy during his Upanayana

Sthanika Brahmins, Shivalli
Shivalli
Brahmins, Goud Saraswat Brahmins
Goud Saraswat Brahmins
(GSB), Rajapur Saraswat Brahmins (RSB), Mogaveeras, Billavas, Bunts, Mangalorean Catholics, Daivadnyas, Beary, Devadigas, Padmashalis are some prominent communities in Udupi. Udupi, which previously had a Town Municipal Council now has a City Municipal Council which came into existence in 1995. Areas around Udupi, such as Manipal,[5] Parkala, Malpe, Udyavara and Santhekatte were merged to form the City Municipal Council. Udupi
Udupi
was carved out as a separate district from the erstwhile Dakshina Kannada
Dakshina Kannada
district on 25 August 1997. Udupi, Kundapura
Kundapura
and Karkala
Karkala
were bifurcated from the Dakshina Kannada
Dakshina Kannada
District and the Udupi District
Udupi District
was formed. Savita S. Kotian and Prakash T. Mendon of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) are the current president and vice-president of the Udupi
Udupi
Zilla Panchayat, after the election held at the Zilla Panchayat on 7 August 2014.[6] Tulu is the most widely spoken language in Udupi
Udupi
City. Other spoken languages include Konkani, Kannada, Hindi
Hindi
and English. Muslims in Udupi
Udupi
speak Urdu, Nawayathi and Beary. Mythology[edit] It is said that when the moon god (Udupa) was cursed by Lord Ganesha, he came here to worship Lord Ganesha. Hence, the name 'Udupi'. Culture[edit]

Yakshagana
Yakshagana
in Udupi

Nagapatri at Belle Brahmastana

Bhuta Kola, Aati kalenja, Karangolu, and Nagaradhane
Nagaradhane
are some cultural traditions of Udupi. The residents celebrate festivals such as Makara Sankranti, Krishna
Krishna
Janmashtami, Navaratri, Deepavali, Eid al-Adha, Eid al-Fitr and Christmas. Folk arts like Yakshagana
Yakshagana
are also popular. Rathabeedhi Geleyaru and Kalavrinda are local non-profit organisations, founded to encourage creative pursuits, especially those that keep alive the traditions of the region. Its primary focus has been historical dramas. Festivals[edit]

Aati Kalenja with accompanist

Udupi
Udupi
is known as temple city and famous for its temple festival.

A mandala being drawn during Nagamandala

There are several festivals during which huge crowds of locals, as well as outsiders, gather in Udupi. one of the famous temple in udupi is krishna mutt. During the biennial Paryaya festival, the temple management is handed over to the next Matha. Each of the Ashtamathas (eight mathas) is headed by a Swami, who will be in charge of the pooja or worship of Lord Krishna, not to mention, the temple, during his 'Paryaya'. The Paryaya ceremony is held on 18 January on even years (like 2012, 2014 and so on), starting early in the morning at around 3 AM. During this festival, there is representative tableau which gathers near the entrance of the town (called 'Swagata Gopura' meaning the arc of welcome). Festivals like Makara Sankranti
Makara Sankranti
(the day the idol's prathisha was done), Ratha Sapthami, Madhwa Navami (the day on which the Acharya Madhwa disappeared while he was teaching his disciples, the exact place of which is still marked and visited by devotees, near the matha), Madhwa Jayanti (the birthday of the great saint Madhwacharya), Vijaya Dashami, Hanuma Jayanthi, Sri Krishna Janmashtami, Navaratri
Navaratri
Mahotsava, Naraka Chathurdashi, Deepavali, Geetha Jayanthi, Daasara aradhanas, etc. are celebrated with grandiosity by the Paryaya Mutt every year. Krishna Janmashtami
Krishna Janmashtami
is celebrated every year. During this festival groups of men wear 'Pili Vesha' (in Tulu; Huli vesha in Kannada), which literally means 'tiger costume'. They visit houses and shops around Udupi, to perform a rather unusual dance. There is a lot of enthusiasm among the participants and public. A yet another signature celebration is the Bhajana Saptaha Mahotsava, held in Sri Laxmi Venkatesha Temple, by the Goud Saraswat community. 'Saptaha' means 7 days and throughout these 7 days, Bhajans are sung, day and night by devotees. This event takes place every year during the month of August, starting from Nagara Panchami till the next Dwadashi. Rathothsava (Chariot Festival) is held on almost all occasions around Rathabeedi. A ratha (chariot) carries a 'utsava moorthi' of Lord Krishna. This chariot is pulled by devotees around Rathabeedi. Though, Rathothsava is common in the Hindu form of worshiping, Udupi
Udupi
is known for the multiplicity and beauty of the chariots and festivals. Cuisine[edit] Main article: Udupi
Udupi
cuisine

Masala Dosa
Masala Dosa
is a part of Udupi
Udupi
cuisine

The term Udupi
Udupi
(also Udipi) is synonymous with vegetarian food now found all over the world.[citation needed] The origin of this cuisine is linked to Krishna
Krishna
Matha (Mutt). Lord Krishna
Krishna
is offered food of different varieties every day, and there are certain restrictions on ingredients during Chaturmasa (a four-month period during the monsoon season). These restrictions coupled with the requirement of variety led to innovation, especially in dishes incorporating seasonal and locally available materials. This cuisine was developed by Shivalli Madhwa Brahmins who cooked food for Lord Krishna, and at Krishna
Krishna
Matha in Udupi, the food is provided free of cost. Restaurants specialised in Udupi cuisine
Udupi cuisine
can be seen widely in most metropolitan and large cities around the length and breadth of India.

Town gate

Cinemas[edit] Bharath Cinemas A Four Screen Multiplex at Canara Mall, Manipal, Udupi will offer you best in its Class Picture, Seating, Dolby Atmos sound. A three-screen cinema multiplex Inox Movies has started in the newly built Central Cinemas in the foothills of Manipal;[7] it is located in Udupi-Agumbe State Highway 65 near Syndicate Circle of Manipal. Apart from this, other cinema theaters in the city are Alankar, Ashirvad, Diana, Gitanjali and Kalpana. Kalpana is near old Diana restaurant circle. Alankar, close to Kalpana theater, is in the mid-city nearby Udupi
Udupi
bus terminus. Gitanjali, close to Alankar, is in Maruti Vithika nearby junction of SH 37 and 65. Diana theater is near Chitpadi and Kukkikatte on Udupi-Subrahmanya State Highway 37 and Ashirvad is placed in Santekatte on the Edapally (Kerala)-Panvel (Maharashtra) National Highway near Robosoft Technologies Pvt Ltd and PVR Cinemas are planning to open cinemas in Udupi.[8] Udupi
Udupi
is known for the Krishna
Krishna
Mutt (Temple of Lord Krishna) and as the native place of the Vaishnava saint Shri Madhvacharya, who founded the (Dvaita) sect of Vaishnava Hinduism and the Udupi
Udupi
Krishna
Krishna
Mutt (in the 13th century). He is known as the third form of Mukhya praana (literally meaning 'primary life source'), after Hanuma and Bheema.[9] For Vaishnavas and Dvaitas all around the globe, including ISKCON, Udupi
Udupi
is a significant place. It is of historic importance due to it being the birthplace of a new branch of philosophy and of a great philosopher and saint. The Krishna
Krishna
Matha is known throughout the world for its religious customs, traditions, and learning in Dvaita philosophy. It is also the center of Daasa Sahitya, a form of literature that originated in Udupi. Places of interest[edit]

Udupi
Udupi
Jamia Masjid, Mosque Rd, Thenkpete, Maruthi Veethika, Udupi End Point - Manipal, Udupi Ananteshvara and Chandramaulishvara Temples. Ambalapady Mahakali Temple The Kadiyali Mahishamardini. The Shankar Narayana Temple, Kodavoor Mandarthi, Durgaparameshwari Temple Shri Veerabhadraswami Temple, Hiriadka Dr TMA Pai Planetarium, Manipal
Manipal
Anatomy Museum, Manipal
Manipal
Health Sciences Library, Hotel Valleyview, Manipal
Manipal
Endpoint, Manipal
Manipal
Lake (Ganapati Temple) and Suvarna River (Ganapati Temple). The Rashtrakavi Govinda Pai Research Centre Museum in the M.G.M. College premises Karkala
Karkala
Jain temples and Bahubali
Bahubali
statue Moodabidri
Moodabidri
Jain temples Mookambika
Mookambika
Temple, Kollur, Kundapur
Kundapur
- Around 64 km Kaup Lighthouse and Beach - Around 15 km[10] Malpe
Malpe
Beach - Around 7 km[11] St. Mary's Island -Around 15 km[12] St. Lawrence Church, Karkala St. Antony shrine, Kerekatte, Siddapura St Mary's Syrian Orthodox Cathedral, Brahmavar, aound 13 km[13] Sri Siddhivinayaka Temple,Hattiyangadi,Kundapur[14]

Economy[edit]

UAE businessman B R Shetty
B R Shetty
is originally from here and owns businesses in Karnataka

Udupi
Udupi
is becoming a major town in Karnataka. The poverty rate in Udupi is fairly low when compared to Bangalore and other districts of Karnataka. Udupi
Udupi
is the birthplace of the Syndicate Bank, Corporation Bank
Corporation Bank
and Harsha Retail, the leading retailer of coastal Karnataka.[15][16] Udupi's economy also consists of agriculture and fishing. Small-scale industries like the cashew industry, and other food industries and milk cooperatives are the most prominent. Recently, Udupi
Udupi
is also making its mark in the real estate industry, greatly influenced by its neighboring spearhead Mangalore. The Karnataka
Karnataka
government had signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Cogentrix Light and Power Industry to set up a thermal power plant in the district at Nandikur. However, because of stiff opposition from citizens and environmentalist groups, the project has been temporarily suspended. An attempt by the Nagarjuna Power Corporation to set up a similar plant at nearby Padubidri
Padubidri
also met strong opposition. Now, the power plant has not only been set up, it is generating 1,200 MW of power under the name of Udupi
Udupi
Power Corporation Limited (UPCL), a subsidiary of Lanco Infra, an Andhra Pradesh-based infrastructure major. The opposition, however, continues. Manipal, a suburb of Udupi, is home to the headquarters of Syndicate Bank. It is renowned as an education and medical hub. Kasturba Medical College[17] and MIT ( Manipal
Manipal
Institute of Technology)[18] are situated here. TEBMA Shipyards Ltd is located in Malpe
Malpe
harbour complex. It is involved in building multipurpose platform supply vessels (MPSVs), platform supply vessel, geotechnical research vessel, dredgers and tugs for Indian as well as export markets.[19] Udupi
Udupi
has a local handloom sari industry. Made of pure cotton and lightweight, the sari has art silk design on its border and pallu besides butta of art silk dotting it. Hard work, low returns, and competition from power loom has led to a drop in the number of weavers of nearly 95% over three decades.[20] A geographical indication tag for Udupi
Udupi
sarees is under examination with the Geographical Indications Registry of India.[21] Transport[edit] National Highway NH 66
NH 66
passes through Udupi. Other significant roads include the State Highways to Karkala
Karkala
and Dharmastala
Dharmastala
and to Sringeri. The NH-66 provides a link to Mangalore
Mangalore
and Karwar
Karwar
via Kundapur. Private as well as government buses connect Udupi
Udupi
to parts of Karnataka. Udupi
Udupi
has a railway station on the Konkan Railway. The nearest International Airport to Udupi
Udupi
is Mangalore
Mangalore
International Airport, which is 50km away. City and suburban transport is available for travel within Udupi
Udupi
and suburbs. The buses originate from the suburban bus stand (City Bus Stand). There are private bus operators as well as KSRTC city service buses too. The nearest harbour/port to Udupi
Udupi
is Malpe, which is 5 km away, and Gangolli
Gangolli
(Byndoor), which is 36 km away. The New Mangalore Port is 50 km away from Udupi. Udupi railway station
Udupi railway station
is managed by the Konkan Railways. It is about 4 km from Udupi
Udupi
city and is on the Kanyakumari- Mumbai
Mumbai
rail route. Direct trains are available to Bengaluru, Mumbai, New Delhi, Amritsar, Chandighar, Pune, Ajmer, Jaipur, Rajkot, Ahmedabad, Okha. Cities like Mysore, Belgaum, Jodhpur, Agra, Thiruvananthapuram, Ernakulam, Kollam(Quilon) etc. also connected with Udupi. Konkan has a beautiful scenic view throughout its way. Images[edit]

Adve Nandikoor Kambala

See also[edit]

Greater Udupi Udupi
Udupi
cuisine Udupi
Udupi
Krishna
Krishna
Temple Roman Catholic Diocese of Udupi Mangalore Manipal Udupi
Udupi
district

Footnotes[edit]

References[edit]

^ http://www.census2011.co.in/census/district/268-udupi.html ^ http://censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/paper2/data_files/India2/Table_2_PR_Cities_1Lakh_and_Above.pdf ^ "The Hindu : Karnataka
Karnataka
/ Udupi
Udupi
News : Temple town gearing up for the grand Paryaya". www.thehindu.com. Retrieved 2016-12-05.  ^ "Elevation of Udupi
Udupi
town, Karnataka". Retrieved 15 December 2017.  ^ Udupi
Udupi
Manipal
Manipal
from “ Manipal
Manipal
world news” ^ http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Mangalore/savita-s-kotian-elected-udupi-zp-president/article6295348.ece ^ "Inox opens multiplex in Manipal". Business Line. March 31, 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2014.  ^ " Mangalore
Mangalore
gets its largest multiplex as PVR opens". June 12, 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2014.  ^ Rao, C.R Krishna
Krishna
(2006). Sri Madhva, His life and doctrine. Madhvamuni Seva sangha, udupi.  ^ Hande, Shrinidhi (1 April 2015). "Kaup Lighthouse and Beach". Gurgaon, India: Happy Trips (Times Internet). Archived from the original on 15 May 2017.  ^ Madur (25 December 2016). " Malpe
Malpe
Beach, Udupi
Udupi
– Of Serinity and Adventure". Kannada
Kannada
Portal. Archived from the original on 26 December 2016.  ^ Duttagupta, Samonway (5 December 2017). "Udupi's St. Mary's Island to be turned into an eco-tourism spot". Gurgaon, India: Happy Trips (Times Internet). Archived from the original on 5 December 2017.  ^ "Holy Brahmavar".  ^ "Hattiangadi".. 2017-12-05.  ^ "Brief history of Syndicate Bank". Retrieved 30 August 2011.  ^ "History of Corporation Bank". Retrieved 30 August 2011.  ^ "KMC Manipal". Retrieved 30 March 2014.  ^ "MIT Manipal". Retrieved 30 April 2014.  ^ [1] ^ "It's Udupi's finest, but who's to weave them?, The Hindu". Retrieved April 2015.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ "Status of GI Application Pending before the GI Registry as on March 31, 2015, pg 1" (PDF). Retrieved April 2015.  Check date values in: access-date= (help)

Bibliography[edit]

Primary sources Secondary sources

Shivaram, Choodie (1996-08-11). " Karnataka
Karnataka
Spiritual Centers Threatened by Development: Three 700-Year-Old Monasteries in Udupi
Udupi
and Scores of Temples to be Displaced by Reckless Industrial Projects". Hinduism Today.  "Conquer Vices To Sublimate The Mind". The Hindu. 1996-01-29.  "Ashtha Muth and Paryaya". Udupi
Udupi
temples. Retrieved 2005-12-12.  Dr.Neria H. Hebbar. "The Eight Tulu Monasteries of Udupi". Retrieved 2005-12-12.  Kundali dasa. "How Krishna
Krishna
Came to Udupi". www.krishna.com.  Karnataka
Karnataka
State Gazetteer 1983'. Government of Karnataka. 1983 " Udupi
Udupi
Railway Station Information".  "A brief life sketch of Madhwacharya".  "Janmashtami celebrations end with Vittal Pindi procession". NewsKarnataka. 2015-09-06.  Sri Udupi
Udupi
Kshetrada Naija Chitra Mattu Chaaritrika Hinnele [The Authentic Picture of Udupi
Udupi
Piligrim Center and its Historical Background]

Further reading[edit]

Bhat, P. Gururaja (1969). Antiquities of South Kanara. Prabhakara Press. 

*https://archive.org/details/UdupiKshetradaNaijaMattuCharitrikaHinnele_201602

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Udupi.

Find more aboutUdupiat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons Travel guide from Wikivoyage

Udupi
Udupi
City Municipality Official Website Udupi
Udupi
Urban Development Authority Official Website Sri Udupi
Udupi
Kshetrada Naija Chitra Mattu Chaaritrika Hinnele [The Authentic Picture of Udupi
Udupi
Piligrim Center and its Historical Background]

 Geographic locale

Lat. and Long.13°20′20.04″N 74°44′42.36″E / 13.3389000°N 74.7451000°E / 13.3389000; 74.7451000

v t e

Udupi District
Udupi District
Topics

Taluks

Kundapura Udupi Karkala

Places

Udupi Brahmavara Kundapura Kalyanpura Manipal Karkala Saligrama Kemmannu Anegudde Baindur Greater Udupi Hattiangadi Hebri Hemmadi Hiriadka Hoovinakere Kanthavara Katapady Kunjarugiri Kaup (village) Malpe Vandse Shiroor Kollur Nitte Padubidri Pajaka Palimar Pangala Shankaranarayana Shankarapura Shirva Tonse Uchila Udyavara Yennehole Yermal

Temples

Udupi Mookambika Nellitheertha Kollur Kateel Anegudde Padutirupathi Kanthavara Sri Maha Vishnumoorthy

Udupi
Udupi
cuisines

Saar or Sambar Kodel Spiced rice Ajethna or Dry Curry Kosambari
Kosambari
or Slad kheer Idli Neer dosa Akki rotti
Akki rotti
or Rice Roti(Indian Bread)

Society

Beary Bunt Havyaka Konkani Kota Mogaveera Panar (Kundapura) Tuluva

Beaches

Kaup (village) Trasi Maravanthe St. Mary's Islands

v t e

Indian state of Karnataka

Overviews

Architecture Cinema Climate Cuisine Demography Economy Education Folk Arts Geography History Media People Sports Transportation Wildlife

History

Aihole Alupa dynasty Amoghavarsha Badami Banavasi Balligavi Belur Chalukya dynasty Chitradurga Nayakas Deva Raya II Durvinita Halebidu Haleri Kingdom Halmidi Hampi Hoysala Empire Kadamba dynasty Kalyani Chalukyas Keladi Nayakas Shivappa Nayaka Kittur Chennamma Kingdom of Mysore Mayurasharma Pattadakal Pulakeshin II Rashtrakuta dynasty Sringeri Srirangapatna Tipu Sultan Unification of Karnataka Vijayanagara
Vijayanagara
Empire Vijayanagara Vishnuvardhana Veera Ballala II Vikramaditya II Vikramaditya VI Western Ganga dynasty

Geography

Cities and towns Districts Rivers Dams and Reservoirs Taluks Villages Highest point Bayalu Seeme Malenadu Karavali Western Ghats

Culture

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Mysore
Dasara Togalu Gombeyaata Udupi
Udupi
cuisine Veeragase Yakshagana Mysore
Mysore
musicians

Literature

Kannada

Milestones Epics Medieval Rashtrakuta Western Ganga Western Chalukya Hoysala Vijayanagara Vachana Haridasa Mysore Play Modern

Kannada
Kannada
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Kannada
Sahitya Sammelana Karnataka

Noted poets

Asaga Gunavarma I Adikavi Pampa Sri Ponna Ranna Devar Dasimayya Basava Akka Mahadevi Allama Prabhu Siddharama Harihara Raghavanka Rudrabhatta Janna Kumara Vyasa Chamarasa Nijaguna Shivayogi Ratnakaravarni Purandara Dasa Kanaka Dasa Vijaya Dasa Gopala Dasa Jagannatha Dasa Lakshmisa Sarvajna Shishunala Sharif Krishnaraja Wadiyar III D. R. Bendre Gopalakrishna Adiga K. S. Narasimhaswamy M. Govinda Pai Kuvempu D. V. Gundappa G. S. Shivarudrappa

People and Society

Karnataka
Karnataka
ethnic groups List of people from Karnataka

Tourism

Beaches Dams Forts National Parks Hindu Temples Jain Temples Waterfalls

Awards

Karnataka
Karnataka
Ratna Pampa Award Nrupatunga Award Basava
Basava
Puraskara Rajyotsava Prashasti Jakanachari Award Varnashilpi Venk

.