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Twickenham
Twickenham
is a suburban area and town in Greater London, lying on the River Thames
River Thames
10.2 miles west-southwest of the centre of London. It has an extensive town centre and is famous as being the home of rugby union, with hundreds of thousands of spectators visiting Twickenham Stadium, the world's largest rugby stadium, each year. The historic riverside area is famous for its network of 18th-century buildings and pleasure grounds, many of which survive intact.[3] This area has three grand period mansions with public access: York House, Marble Hill and Strawberry Hill House. Another has been lost, that belonging to 18th-century aphoristic poet Alexander Pope. Among these is the Neo-Gothic
Neo-Gothic
prototype home of Horace Walpole
Horace Walpole
which has given its name to a whole district, Strawberry Hill, and is linked with the oldest Roman Catholic university in the country, St Mary's University, Twickenham.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Pre-Norman 1.2 Norman 1.3 17th century 1.4 18th century 1.5 Later

2 Governance 3 Economy 4 Population and housing 5 Geography

5.1 Nearest places

6 Education 7 Transport

7.1 Nearest railway stations 7.2 Buses

8 Sport 9 Arts and culture 10 Public art 11 Places of worship 12 People

12.1 Living people 12.2 Historical figures

13 See also 14 References 15 Further reading 16 External links

History[edit] Pre-Norman[edit] Excavations have revealed settlements in the area dating from the Early Neolithic, possibly Mesolithic
Mesolithic
periods. Occupation seems to have continued through the Bronze Age, the Iron Age
Iron Age
and the Roman occupation. The area was first mentioned (as "Tuican hom" and "Tuiccanham") in an 8th-century charter to cede the area to Waldhere, Bishop of London, "for the salvation of our souls".[4] The charter, dated 13 June 704, is signed with 12 crosses. The signatories included Swaefred of Essex, Cenred of Mercia
Cenred of Mercia
and Earl Paeogthath. Norman[edit] In Norman times Twickenham
Twickenham
was part of the Manor of Isleworth – itself part of the Hundred of Hounslow, Middlesex
Middlesex
(mentioned in Domesday Book
Domesday Book
of 1086).[5] The manor had belonged to Ælfgār, Earl of Mercia in the time of Edward the Confessor, but was granted to Walter de Saint-Valery (Waleric) by William I of England
England
after the Norman Conquest of England
England
in 1066. The area was then farmed for several hundred years, while the river provided opportunities for fishing, boatbuilding and trade. 17th century[edit]

The Thames
Thames
at Twickenham
Twickenham
c.1700, depicted by Peter Tillemans

St Mary's Church today

The Shot Tower by the River Crane

Alexander Pope's villa

All Hallows Twickenham, as seen from the A316

Bubonic plague
Bubonic plague
spread to the town in 1665 and 67 deaths were recorded. It appears that Twickenham
Twickenham
had a pest house in the 17th century, although the location is not known. There was also a watch house in the middle of the town, with stocks, a pillory and a whipping post whose owner was charged to "ward within and about this Parish
Parish
and to keep all Beggars and Vagabonds that shall lye abide or lurk about the Towne and to give correction to such...". In 1633 construction began on York House. It was occupied by Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchester in 1656 and later by Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon. 1659 saw the first mention of the Twickenham
Twickenham
Ferry, although ferrymen had already been operating in the area for many generations. Sometime before 1743 a "pirate" ferry appears to have been started by Twickenham
Twickenham
inhabitants. There is speculation that it operated to serve "The Folly", a floating hostelry of some kind. Several residents wrote to the Lord Mayor of the City of London:

...Complaining that there is lately fixed near the Shore of Twickenham on the River Thames
River Thames
a Vessell made like a Barge
Barge
and called the Folly wherein divers[e] loose and disorderly persons are frequently entertained who have behaved in a very indecent Manner and do frequently afront divers[e] persons of Fashion and Distinction who often in an Evening Walk near that place, and desired so great a Nuisance might be removed,....

18th century[edit] In 1713 the nave of the ancient St Mary's Church collapsed, and the church was rebuilt in the Neo-classical style to designs by a local architect, John James.[6] In 1736, the noted pharmacist and quack doctor Joshua Ward
Joshua Ward
set up the Great Vitriol Works to produce sulphuric acid, using a process discovered in the seventeenth century by Johann Glauber
Johann Glauber
in which sulphur is burned together with saltpetre (potassium nitrate), in the presence of steam. The process generates an extremely unpleasant smell, which caused objections from local residents. The area was also soon home to the world's first industrial production facility for gunpowder, on a site between Twickenham
Twickenham
and Whitton on the banks of the River Crane. There were frequent explosions and loss of life. On 11 March 1758, one of two explosions was felt in Reading, Berkshire, and in April 1774 another explosion terrified people at church in Isleworth.[7] In 1772 three mills blew up, shattering glass and buildings in the neighbourhood. Horace Walpole, 4th Earl of Orford, wrote complaining to his friend and relative Henry Seymour Conway, then Lieutenant General of the Ordnance, that all the decorative painted glass had been blown out of his windows at Strawberry Hill. The powder mills remained in operation until 1927 when they were closed. Much of the site is now occupied by Crane Park, in which the old Shot Tower, mill sluices and blast embankments can still be seen. Much of the area along the river next to the Shot Tower is now a nature reserve. Later[edit] The 1818 Enclosure Award led to the development of 182 acres (0.74 km2) of land to the west of the town centre largely between the present day Staines and Hampton Roads, where new roads – Workhouse Road, Middle Road, 3rd, 2nd and 1st Common Roads (now First to Fifth Cross Roads respectively) – were laid out.[8] During the 18th and 19th centuries, a number of fine houses were built and Twickenham
Twickenham
became a popular place of residence for people of "fashion and distinction". Further development was stimulated by the opening of Twickenham station
Twickenham station
in 1848. Electricity
Electricity
was introduced to Twickenham
Twickenham
in 1902[9] and the first trams arrived the following year. In 1939, when All Hallows Lombard Street
All Hallows Lombard Street
was demolished in the City of London, its distinctive stone tower designed by Christopher Wren, with its peal of ten bells and connecting stone cloister, and the interior furnishings, including a Renatus Harris organ and a pulpit used by John Wesley, were brought to Twickenham
Twickenham
to be incorporated in the new All Hallows Church on Chertsey Road (A316) near Twickenham
Twickenham
Stadium. The Twickenham
Twickenham
Green area witnessed a high-profile murder on 19 August 2004, when French woman Amelie Delagrange (aged 22) died in hospital after being found with a serious head injury (caused by battery) in the area. Within 24 hours, police had established a link with the murder of Marsha McDonnell, who was killed in similar circumstances in nearby Hampton 18 months earlier.[10] Levi Bellfield was found guilty of both murders on 25 February 2008 (as well as a further charge of attempted murder against 18-year-old Kate Sheedy) and sentenced to life imprisonment. In 2011 he was found guilty of the murder of Milly Dowler,[11] a teenage girl who vanished from Walton-on-Thames
Walton-on-Thames
in March 2002 and whose body was later found in Hampshire
Hampshire
woodland.[12] Governance[edit] From 1868 the area was administered jointly between the newly formed Middlesex
Middlesex
County Council and the Twickenham
Twickenham
Local Government District board, with the passing of the Local Government Act 1858. Then in 1894 The Local Government Act 1894
Local Government Act 1894
reconstituted the area as Twickenham Urban District. In 1926 Twickenham
Twickenham
was granted a charter of incorporation to become a municipal borough. Eleven years later the urban district councils of Teddington, Hampton & Hampton Wick merged with Twickenham.

York House (rear view from sunken lawn)

In 1965 Middlesex
Middlesex
County Council was abolished and replaced with the Greater London
Greater London
Council and the boroughs of Twickenham, Richmond and Barnes were combined to form the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. In 1986 the Greater London
Greater London
Council was abolished and most powers devolved to local boroughs and others to the Government and joint boards. In 2000 the Greater London
Greater London
Authority was set up and two-tier administration returned, but with the top tier having a much more limited strategic role. The borough council offices and chamber are located at York House, Twickenham
Twickenham
and in the adjacent civic centre. The Twickenham
Twickenham
constituency in the UK Parliament includes the towns of Twickenham, St Margarets, Whitton, Teddington, Hampton, Fulwell, Hampton Hill
Hampton Hill
and Hampton Wick. Since the 2017 UK General Election, the Member of Parliament has been a Liberal Democrat, Sir Vince Cable. While the part of Twickenham
Twickenham
in the London Borough of Hounslow, north of the Duke of Northumberland's river and east of Twickenham
Twickenham
Stadium, is part of the Brentford
Brentford
& Isleworth
Isleworth
constituency, which includes the towns of Chiswick, Brentford, South Acton, Isleworth, Osterley
Osterley
and Hounslow
Hounslow
East, in addition to North Twickenham
Twickenham
itself. Economy[edit] As a London suburb, many local residents commute to central London or work locally in retail, hospitality, education or for one of the many professional firms based in the area. London Heathrow Airport is important to the local economy both through direct employment and the cluster of international firms that have their European headquarters in the Thames
Thames
Valley area. Unemployment in the area is very low, however there is a big difference in the salaries earned by residents who work inside the borough, compared to those whose employment is based outside. The council has been making efforts to regenerate Twickenham
Twickenham
town centre as it has been struggling due to strong competition from Hounslow, Richmond and Kingston upon Thames. It differs from most town centres as it has fewer retail shops, particularly chain stores, and more cafes, restaurants, banks and estate agents.[13] There has been a comprehensive scheme of town centre improvements including repaving in Yorkstone, a new arts centre, and improved gardens and riverside walk. However, plans to build a barge house for Gloriana at Orleans Gardens[14] and to the youth centre out of Heatham House so it could be converted into a hotel proved controversial and were dropped. Population and housing[edit] Data for 1891–1961 is available for the Urban Sanitary District, that was then the Metropolitan Borough which always included Whitton. This area temporarily expanded for 31 years to include Hampton and Teddington
Teddington
from 1935, rising from 2,421 acres (9.80 km2) to 7,014 acres (28.38 km2).[15] The 2001 and 2011 Censuses give detailed information about the town/district. The settlement's population in 2011 were living in 22,273 households.[2]

Population of Twickenham

Year 1901 1911 1921 1931

Population 20,991 29,367 34,790 39,906

2011 Census homes

Ward Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes/houseboats Shared between households[2]

South Twickenham 254 987 1,459 1,302 32 13

St Margarets and North Twickenham 431 1,092 1,193 1,843 23 17

Twickenham
Twickenham
Riverside 221 694 1,008 2,866 28 36

West Twickenham 148 1,300 1,770 1,052 0 10

2011 Census households

Ward Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[2]

South Twickenham 9,987 4,599 30 41 169

St Margarets and North Twickenham 11,172 4,616 28 40 197

Twickenham
Twickenham
Riverside 10,396 4,280 25 32 175

West Twickenham 10,528 3,814 28 44 246

Geography[edit] Twickenham
Twickenham
is bounded by the River Thames
River Thames
on the south and the land is relatively flat though it does rise gently to the West as it approaches Whitton. The land is fertile and was home to numerous market gardens before housing became the predominant land use with the coming on the railways in the mid nineteenth century.

A map of most of the town of Twickenham

A memorial plaque to Pope's Grotto

Houseboats on river Thames, in the St Margarets locality

The former Twickenham Park
Twickenham Park
House

The town is bordered on the south-eastern side by the River Thames
River Thames
and Eel Pie Island – which is connected to the Twickenham embankment by a narrow footbridge, the first of which was erected in 1957. Before this, access was by means of a hand-operated ferry that was hauled across using a chain on the riverbed. The land adjacent to the river, from Strawberry Hill in the south to Marble Hill Park in the north, is occupied by a mixture of luxury dwellings, formal gardens, public houses and a newly built park and leisure facility. In the south, in Strawberry Hill, lies St Mary's University, Twickenham
Twickenham
historically specialising in sports studies, teacher training, religious studies, the humanities, drama studies and English literature. Strawberry Hill was originally a small cottage in two or three acres (8,000 or 12,000 m²) of land by the River Thames. Horace Walpole, a son of the politician Robert Walpole, rented the cottage in 1747 and subsequently bought it and turned it into one of the incunabula of the Gothic revival. The university shares part of its campus with Walpole's Strawberry Hill. On adjacent land were the villa and garden of the poet Alexander Pope. The villa was demolished in 1808/09 following the orders of Lady Howe, who became irritated with the large number of tourists who visited the place.[16] The grotto which formed the basement survived. A memorial plaque was placed on the site in remembrance in 1848. A road just north of the campus is named Pope's Grove, and a local landmark next to the main road is the Alexander Pope
Alexander Pope
Hotel (previously known as Pope's Grotto), a public house and hotel where Pope's landmark informal garden used to be. Near this hostelry lie St Catherine's school for girls and Radnor House
Radnor House
School, in a building on the site of Pope's white stucco villa and the location of Pope's original – surviving – grotto. There are a large number of fine houses in the area, many of them Victorian. The open space known as Radnor Gardens
Radnor Gardens
lies opposite Pope's Grotto. Not far from Pope's Grotto
Grotto
is the Roman Catholic Church
Catholic Church
of Saint James, which has a memorial window in the form of the Royal Arms of Portugal and memorials to Manuel II, Portugal's last king, who worshipped here and died in nearby Fulwell Park
Fulwell Park
in 1932. Twickenham
Twickenham
proper begins in the vicinity of Pope's Grotto, with generally large period houses to the west, the traditional definition of which is Twickenham
Twickenham
Green, and similar housing in the east all the distance to Richmond Bridge typically largest near the Thames. The town centre is not actually in the centre of the town, rather in the southeastern corner, as Twickenham
Twickenham
was built up moving away from the Thames. Whitton lies further to the north and west. The districts of East Twickenham
Twickenham
and St Margarets lie to the north-east of central Twickenham
Twickenham
on the west side of Richmond Bridge, the shortest bridge on the Tideway. These are popular for their attractive tree-lined residential roads and an eclectic range of shops and cafés. St Margarets is the location of Twickenham
Twickenham
Studios, one of London's major film studios. East Twickenham
Twickenham
abuts the River Thames
River Thames
at Richmond Bridge and St Margarets has its river frontage immediately to the north. The great estate of Cambridge Park, home of Richard Owen Cambridge, the 18th-century satirical poet, was located here. Nearest places[edit]

Feltham Fulwell Ham Hampton Hampton Hill Hampton Wick Isleworth Kingston upon Thames Richmond St Margarets Teddington Whitton

Education[edit]

Richmond upon Thames
Thames
College

Main article: List of schools in Richmond upon Thames There are several schools in Twickenham
Twickenham
including secondary schools, primary schools, universities and kindergartens. Many of these are easily accessible by the local bus network mentioned in the Transport section. Richmond upon Thames
Thames
College, a College of General Further and Higher Education, is on Egerton Road in Twickenham. Transport[edit] Until 1971 London Transport operated a bus depot known as "Twickenham Garage" (coded AB) which was located in Cambridge Road, East Twickenham. The relevant destination blind for garage journeys always referred to this location as Richmond Bridge, which was close by. On closure, all its routes and vehicles were transferred to Fulwell bus garage, but the building remained under the ownership of London Transport until the mid-1990s when it was demolished to make way for a housing development. Fulwell Garage was previously known as Fulwell Depot and was originally the base for London United Tramways
London United Tramways
in south west London. The trams were replaced by trolleybuses that started operating from Fulwell Depot in the 1930s. The trolleybuses were later replaced by AEC Routemaster
AEC Routemaster
buses and London's last trolleybus terminated here on the night of 8 May 1962, following a commemorative circuit of the Fulwell routes by London's first trolleybus, No.1 of the A1 class Felthams, known as "Diddlers". This vehicle is preserved in working order. Originally Twickenham station
Twickenham station
was situated on the western side of the A310 London Road bridge before the new station was opened on the eastern side. This accounts for roads named Railway Approach and Station Road, which now give no access to the station. Nearest railway stations[edit] The main railway station in the town is Twickenham
Twickenham
itself, although St Margarets, Whitton, Fulwell and Strawberry Hill stations are also within the Twickenham
Twickenham
post town. Stations in nearby towns (all, except for Richmond and Isleworth, once part of the former Borough of Twickenham) are:

Hampton railway station Hampton Wick
Hampton Wick
railway station Isleworth
Isleworth
railway station Richmond station Teddington
Teddington
railway station

Buses[edit] London Buses
London Buses
serving Twickenham
Twickenham
are:

Route Start End Operator

33 Fulwell Hammersmith London United

110 Hounslow
Hounslow
bus station West Middlesex
Middlesex
Hospital London United

267 Fulwell bus garage Hammersmith London United

281 Hounslow Tolworth London United

290 Twickenham Staines Abellio London

481 Kingston West Middlesex
Middlesex
Hospital Abellio London

490 Heathrow Airport Terminal 5 Richmond Abellio London

H22 Hounslow Richmond London United

R68 Kew
Kew
Retail Park Hampton Court Abellio London

R70 Hampton Richmond Abellio London

N22 Piccadilly Circus Fulwell Go-Ahead London

All above routes serve King Street in the town centre apart from the 481, which runs through western Twickenham. The N22 only operates at night (00:00–05:00). Sport[edit]

The Exchange, Twickenham

Twickenham
Twickenham
Museum

The Cabbage Patch pub in Twickenham

Twickenham
Twickenham
is home to the headquarters of the Rugby Football Union
Rugby Football Union
and Twickenham
Twickenham
Stadium. The England
England
National Rugby Union Team play all their home matches at Twickenham
Twickenham
Stadium, which is one of England’s largest stadiums and the world’s largest rugby stadium. Harlequins, a rugby union club, play at the Twickenham
Twickenham
Stoop. Twickenham Stadium
Twickenham Stadium
hosted Rugby World Cup
Rugby World Cup
fixtures in 1991, 1999 and 2015, including semi-final matches in 1999 and the final matches in 1991 and 2015. Arts and culture[edit] The Exchange is a community building, including a 320-seat theatre, opposite Twickenham
Twickenham
railway station. It opened in October 2017.[17] The building is owned by Richmond upon Thames
Thames
Council and is managed by St Mary's University, Twickenham.[18][19] The Twickenham Museum
Twickenham Museum
is a volunteer-run museum opposite St Mary's parish church. It is open every day except Mondays. The Cabbage Patch pub on London Road has, since 1983, been a regular venue for live music on Sunday nights, organised by TwickFolk.[20][21] Public art[edit] Main article: List of public art in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames
Thames
§ Twickenham

Pope's Urn
Urn
on Twickenham
Twickenham
riverside

In 2015, working in partnership with Richmond upon Thames
Thames
Council and the architectural design practice Feilden Clegg Bradley Studios, Twickenham
Twickenham
resident Graham Henderson conceived, designed, built and installed Pope’s Urn, an important contemporary piece of public art, inspired by the poetry of Alexander Pope.[22] Enjoying a central position on the Twickenham
Twickenham
riverside, the sculpture was commissioned to celebrate the 2015 Rugby World Cup, and was opened in a ceremony in September 2015.[23] Places of worship[edit]

Interior of All Saints Church, Twickenham

Amyand Park Chapel

Name Denomination/Affiliation Address Website

All Hallows Church of England 138 Chertsey Road, Twickenham
Twickenham
TW1 1EW website

All Saints Church of England Campbell Road, Twickenham
Twickenham
TW2 5BY website

Amyand Park Chapel Reformed Baptist 174 Amyand Park Road, Twickenham
Twickenham
TW1 3HY website

Free Grace Baptist Grace Baptist Powdermill Lane, Twickenham
Twickenham
TW2 6EJ website

Holy Trinity Church of England 1 Vicarage Road, Twickenham
Twickenham
TW2 5TS website

St James Roman Catholic 61 Pope's Grove, Twickenham
Twickenham
TW1 4JZ website

St Mary's Church of England Church Street, Twickenham
Twickenham
TW1 3NJ website

St Stephen's Church of England Richmond Road, East Twickenham
Twickenham
TW1 2PD website

Salvation Army Salvation Army May Road, Twickenham
Twickenham
TW2 6QP website

Methodist Methodist Queen's Road, Twickenham
Twickenham
TW1 4EN website

United Reformed United Reformed Church First Cross Road, Twickenham
Twickenham
TW2 5QA website

People[edit] Main article: List of people from Richmond upon Thames

15 Montpelier Row's residents have included Alfred, Lord Tennyson
Alfred, Lord Tennyson
and Pete Townshend

Andrzej Panufnik, who lived and died in a house on Twickenham Riverside

Living people[edit]

Steve Allen, radio presenter, lives in Twickenham.[24] Tony Blair, former UK Prime Minister, lived in a house in Twickenham in 1972, which he rented from a member of the Vineyard Church
Vineyard Church
in Richmond, and used the Vineyard's crypt every Sunday for promotional events.[25] Jason Bradbury, children's writer and TV presenter, lives in Twickenham.[26] Rob Brydon, comedian, lives in Strawberry Hill.[27] Michael Fish, television and radio weather forecaster, lives in Twickenham.[28] Oliver Golding, former child actor and current LTA junior tennis player, has lived in Twickenham.[29] Keeley Hawes, actress, and Matthew Macfadyen, actor, live in Twickenham.[30] Graham Henderson, arts consultant and Chief Executive of the Rimbaud and Verlaine Foundation, lives in Twickenham.[31] Roxanna Panufnik, composer and musician, was brought up in the Panufnik family home at Riverside House in Twickenham
Twickenham
overlooking the Thames.[32][33] Tim Rowett, renowned toy collector and YouTube
YouTube
personality, lives in Twickenham.[34] Pete Townshend, guitarist for The Who, who lives at The Wick
The Wick
on Richmond Hill,[35] previously lived at Chapel House, Twickenham, now called 15 Montpelier Row.[36]

Historical figures[edit]

J M W Turner's home, Sandycombe Lodge, in 1814

Brothers Arthur Anderson and Gerard Anderson were born in Twickenham[37][38] and competed in track and field events in the 1912 Summer Olympics. Gerard was also the world record holder in the 440 metres hurdles. Gerard served as a second lieutenant in the Cheshire Regiment in the First World War. He was mentioned in despatches[38] and was killed in combat in 1914.[39][40] Trevor Baylis
Trevor Baylis
(1937–2018), inventor of the clockwork radio, lived, worked and died on Eel Pie Island, Twickenham.[41] Kitty Clive
Kitty Clive
(1711–1785), actress, who retired in 1769 to a villa in Twickenham
Twickenham
that had been a gift from her friend Horace Walpole, dying there in 1785. She was buried at St Mary's. At the north-east corner of the church, there is a memorial to her[42] on which a poem praises her generosity. Walter de la Mare
Walter de la Mare
(1873–1956), poet, lived at South End House in Montpelier Row from 1940 until his death.[43] Henry Du Pre Labouchere
Henry Du Pre Labouchere
(1831–1912), Liberal MP and journalist, lived at Pope's Villa, Cross Deep, Twickenham. The site is marked by a blue plaque.[44] Ron Greenwood
Ron Greenwood
(1921–2006) manager of West Ham United
West Ham United
and the England national football team, lived in Twickenham
Twickenham
early in his career.[45] Harry Hampton
Harry Hampton
VC (1870–1922) was born in Crown Terrace, Richmond and died in Twickenham. He is buried in Richmond Old Cemetery.[46] Norman Cyril Jackson
Norman Cyril Jackson
VC (1919–1994) died in Hampton Hill
Hampton Hill
and is buried in Twickenham
Twickenham
Cemetery.[47] Sir Godfrey Kneller (1646–1723), portrait painter, who lived in Whitton, was a churchwarden at St Mary's, Twickenham
St Mary's, Twickenham
when its 14th-century nave collapsed in 1713 and he was active in the plans for the church's reconstruction by John James (architect). Kneller's remains were interred in the church.[6][48] Batty Langley (1696–1751), garden designer, was the son of a jobbing gardener in Twickenham
Twickenham
and was baptised there.[49] The future Louis Philippe I, Duc d’Orleans, who was King of the French from 1830 to 1848, went into exile in 1793 and, before his return to France in 1815 on the fall of Napoleon, lived mostly in Twickenham. He and his two younger brothers lived in relative poverty from 1800 to 1807 at Highshot House, Crown Road; the house was demolished in 1927. From 1815 to 1817 Louis Philippe leased a house on the Twickenham
Twickenham
riverside and gave it the name Orleans House. The house was demolished in 1926 but the octagon and some outbuildings survived and are now the Orleans House
Orleans House
Gallery [1]. After the 1848 revolution, many members of Louis Philippe's large family were forced into exile and took residences in the Richmond area.[50] King Manuel II of Portugal
Manuel II of Portugal
lived in exile at Fulwell Park, Twickenham, following the 5 October 1910 revolution
5 October 1910 revolution
in Portugal. He died in the house in 1932.[51] Andrzej Panufnik
Andrzej Panufnik
(1914–1991), Polish-born composer, lived and died in a house on Twickenham
Twickenham
Riverside.[52] Alexander Pope
Alexander Pope
(1688–1744), poet, lived in Twickenham.[53] He lies in St Mary's, Twickenham
St Mary's, Twickenham
under a stone slab engraved simply with the letter P, near a bronze memorial plate.[42] Peter Sallis
Peter Sallis
(1921–2017), actor, was born in Twickenham.[54] James Saunders (playwright) (1925–2004), lived in East Twickenham.[55] Sir Ratan Tata (1871–1918), a Parsee and a major industrialist in India, who bought York House, Twickenham
York House, Twickenham
in 1906 and lived there until 1914, when he returned to India. His widow Navajbai decided to sell the house and its contents in 1924.[56] Alfred, Lord Tennyson
Alfred, Lord Tennyson
(1809–1892), author and poet, lived at Chapel House, now 15 Montpelier Row from 1851 until 1853.[57] His son Hallam Tennyson (1852–1928), second Governor-General of Australia, was born there.[58] and was christened at St Mary's, Twickenham
St Mary's, Twickenham
in 1852.[59] J M W Turner
J M W Turner
(1775–1851), artist, designed and commissioned the building of Solus Lodge in Sandycoombe Road, on the border of East Twickenham
Twickenham
and St Margarets. The house survives as Sandycombe Lodge.[60] The site is marked by a blue plaque.[44] Thomas Twining (1675–1741) was a merchant, and the founder of the tea company Twinings. In about 1722 he bought a property later known as Dial House, next door to the church of St Mary's, Twickenham, where he either rebuilt, or converted and extended the buildings already there. The sundial on the façade carries the date 1726, possibly the time when the new building was finished. After Twining died in 1741, he was buried at St Mary's, where there is a memorial to him at the north-east corner of the church.[61][42] Horace Walpole
Horace Walpole
(1717–1797), art historian, man of letters, antiquarian and politician, built and lived at Strawberry Hill House in Twickenham.[62]

See also[edit]

Twickenham
Twickenham
Cemetery Twickenham
Twickenham
Golf Course Twickenham
Twickenham
Ferry

References[edit]

^ Census Information Scheme (2012). "2011 Census Ward Population Estimates". Greater London
Greater London
Authority. Retrieved 30 January 2013.  ^ a b c d Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 November 2013 ^ "The Arcadian Thames". Thames
Thames
Landscape Strategy. Retrieved 15 January 2017.  ^ "First written mention of 'Tuican hom' in a Charter". Twickenham Museum. Retrieved 2 February 2018.  ^ " Domesday Book
Domesday Book
– Hampton". Twickenham
Twickenham
Museum. Retrieved 15 January 2017.  ^ a b Cobbett, Richard Stuteley, Memorials of Twickenham: parochial and topographical (Smith, Elder & Co., 1872), p. 402 ^ Knight, Laurence (19 July 2014). "Sulphur surplus: Up to our necks in a diabolical element". BBC News
BBC News
magazine. Retrieved 19 July 2014.  ^ Cashmore, T H R (1977), Twickenham
Twickenham
in 1818: The year of the Enclosure, Borough of Twickenham
Twickenham
Local History Society Paper 38. ^ Urwin, A C B (1977), The Coming of Electricity
Electricity
to Twickenham, Borough of Twickenham
Twickenham
Local History Society Paper 37 ^ "Murder police probe Marsha 'link'". BBC News. 20 August 2004. Retrieved 13 May 2014.  ^ " Levi Bellfield guilty of Milly Dowler murder". BBC News. 23 June 2011. Retrieved 2 February 2018.  ^ Moore, Matthew and agencies (25 February 2008). "Levi Bellfield guilty of murdering two women". The Telegraph. Retrieved 11 September 2014.  ^ " Twickenham
Twickenham
Area Action Plan" (PDF). London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. July 2013. Retrieved 2 February 2018.  ^ Cumber, Robert (12 September 2014). "Boost for Brentford
Brentford
as Twickenham
Twickenham
says no to royal barge Gloriana". Get West London. Retrieved 2 February 2018.  ^ "Braunton through time: Population Statistics: Total Population". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 13 July 2013.  ^ Winterman, Denise (7 March 2013). "The man who demolished Shakespeare's house". BBC News. Retrieved 7 March 2013.  ^ "Something for everyone at Twickenham's newest arts centre" (Press release). Richmond Upon Thames
Thames
Council. Retrieved 4 February 2018.  ^ Howard, Jen (19 July 2017). "St Mary's University takes over a new community building in Richmond". Richmond and Twickenham
Twickenham
Times. Retrieved 14 November 2017.  ^ Firth, Elinor (18 July 2017). "Key 'exchange' for Twickenham community building" (Press release). Richmond upon Thames
Thames
Council. Retrieved 7 October 2017.  ^ Webb, Jela (2008). "TwickFolk: Music for the Folks!". Maverick. Retrieved 4 September 2016.  ^ "Club Of The Month:TwickFolk". FATEA magazine. Retrieved 24 August 2011.  ^ Flood, Alison (28 September 2015). " Alexander Pope
Alexander Pope
is granted eternal sunshine of a Twickenham
Twickenham
memorial". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 March 2018.  ^ "Pope's Urn
Urn
unveiled on Twickenham
Twickenham
Riverside". Richmond upon Thames: This is Our Town. September 2015. Retrieved 20 March 2018.  ^ "Steve Allen shows you around Twickenham". YouTube. Retrieved 6 June 2017.  ^ Jones, Helen (8 May 2001). "Church archives reveal a Vineyard of history". Richmond and Twickenham
Twickenham
Times. Retrieved 2 August 2017.  ^ George, Martin (14 January 2011). "Residents vow to fight former Kingston bingo hall plans". Kingston Guardian. London. Retrieved 11 October 2012.  ^ Swann, Yvonne (22 January 2010). "My perfect weekend; Rob Brydon". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2 February 2018.  ^ "'We had audiences of 18 million': Michael Fish remembers Ian McCaskill". The Guardian. 13 December 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2017.  ^ Arnett, George (24 July 2012). "Olympic Torch heads through Richmond". The Barnes Magazine. London. Retrieved 11 October 2012.  ^ Hoggard, Liz (1 April 2010). "Ashes to Ashes star Keeley Hawes
Keeley Hawes
on surviving a showbiz marriage". Evening Standard. London. Retrieved 11 October 2012.  ^ "The Rimbaud And Verlaine Foundation". Charity Commission for England
England
and Wales. 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2018.  ^ Laurie, Samantha (27 October 2014). "Interview: Roxanna Panufnik". The Barnes Magazine. Retrieved 20 January 2015.  ^ Smith, Malcolm. "Andrzej Panufnik – Malcolm Smith". thesmith.org.uk. Retrieved 22 April 2013.  ^ Tufnell, Nicholas. "Meet Tim, a 71-year-old English eccentric whose toy collection has been charming millions online". Wired UK. Condé Nast UK. Retrieved 16 November 2016.  ^ Helliker, Adam (29 August 2012). "Pete Townsend can't bear the breeze". Daily Express. London. Retrieved 26 September 2012.  ^ Hoggart, Simon (18 August 2001). " Suburban
Suburban
hymn". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 February 2018.  ^ "Arthur Anderson". www.sports-reference.com. Retrieved 3 February 2018.  ^ a b "ANDERSON, GERARD RUPERT LAURIE". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 2 February 2018.  ^ McCrery, Nigel (2016). The Extinguished Flame: Olympians Killed in ther Great War. Barnsley: Pen and Sword. pp. 35–36. ISBN 978-1-47387-798-6.  ^ "Laurie Anderson". www.sports-reference.com. Retrieved 3 February 2018.  ^ "Trevor Baylis, inventor of the wind-up radio, dies aged 80". The Guardian. 5 March 2018.  ^ a b c Pearson, Lynn F (2008). Discovering Famous Graves. p. 82. ISBN 0747806195.  ^ " Walter de la Mare
Walter de la Mare
blue plaque in London". Blue Plaque Places. Retrieved 6 June 2017.  ^ a b "Blue Plaques in Richmond upon Thames". Visit Richmond. London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. Retrieved 4 February 2016.  ^ Goldman, Lawrence (7 March 2013). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 2005–2008. Oxford University Press. pp. 459–. ISBN 978-0-19-967154-0.  ^ "Harry Hampton". Victoria Cross holders buried in the borough. London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. 3 August 2009. Retrieved 24 August 2017.  ^ "Norman Cyril Jackson". Victoria Cross holders buried in the borough. London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. 3 August 2009. Retrieved 17 November 2017.  ^ St Mary's Church, Twickenham
Twickenham
Museum, accessed 4 November 2012 ^ "Batty Langley: gardener and prolific writer". Twickenham
Twickenham
Museum. Retrieved 31 March 2013.  ^ "Residences of the French Royal House of Orleans" (PDF). Local History Notes. London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. Retrieved 11 October 2012.  ^ "King Manoel II of Portugal". Twickenham
Twickenham
Museum. Retrieved 3 February 2018.  ^ "Obituary: Sir Andrzej Panufnik". The Daily Telegraph. 28 October 1991. Retrieved 6 June 2017.  ^ "Alexander Pope". Local History notes. London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. 9 January 2015. Retrieved 27 August 2017.  ^ "Obituary – Peter Sallis". BBC News. 5 June 2017. Retrieved 6 June 2017.  ^ "Obituary: Playwright James Saunders". Richmond and Twickenham Times. 6 February 2004. Retrieved 9 October 2012.  ^ "Navajbai Tata (1877–1965)". Tata Central Archives. Archived from the original on 31 December 2012. Retrieved 14 October 2012.  ^ "Alfred Tennyson". Telling Trails. 15 March 2006. Retrieved 21 May 2016.  ^ "Chapel House, 15 Montpelier Row, Twickenham, London". Notable Abodes. Retrieved 6 June 2017.  ^ Lang, Cecil Y; Shannon, Edgar F Jr., eds. (1987). Letters of Alfred Lord Tennyson 1809–1892. Belknap Harvard. ISBN 0674525841. OCLC 153582865.  ^ "Turner's House Twickenham". Turner's House Trust. Retrieved 3 February 2018.  ^ "Thomas Twining". Twickenham
Twickenham
Museum. Retrieved 8 June 2017.  ^ " Horace Walpole
Horace Walpole
(1717–1797) and Strawberry Hill". Local history notes. London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. 23 June 2017. Retrieved 21 July 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

Lysons, Daniel (1792), "Twickenham", Environs of London, 3: County of Middlesex, London: T. Cadell  Trotter, W E (1849), "Twickenham", Select Illustrated Topography of Thirty Miles Around London, London, OCLC 681272905  Thorne, James (1876), "Twickenham", Handbook to the Environs of London, London: John Murray  Walford, Edward (1883), "Twickenham", Greater London, London: Cassell & Co., OCLC 3009761 

External links[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of The New Student's Reference Work article Twickenham.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Twickenham.

Borough of Twickenham
Twickenham
Local History Society London Borough of Richmond upon Thames
London Borough of Richmond upon Thames
Council The Twickenham
Twickenham
Museum The Twickenham
Twickenham
Society Twickenham
Twickenham
Town Business Association Twickerati local news, events & discussion blog

v t e

London Borough of Richmond upon Thames

Districts

Barnes East Sheen Fulwell Ham Hampton Hampton Hill Hampton Wick Kew Mortlake Petersham Richmond St Margarets Strawberry Hill Teddington Twickenham Whitton

Railway stations

Barnes Barnes Bridge Fulwell Hampton Hampton Wick Kew
Kew
Gardens Mortlake North Sheen Richmond St Margarets Strawberry Hill Teddington Twickenham Whitton

River Thames
River Thames
bridges, islands and river services

Bridges Benn's Island Corporation Island Eel Pie Island Glover's Island Platts Eyot Swan Island Tagg's Island Trowlock Island Hammerton's Ferry Hampton Ferry Kew
Kew
Pier Richmond Lock Teddington
Teddington
Lifeboat Station Teddington
Teddington
Lock former Twickenham
Twickenham
Ferry

Other rivers and streams

Beverley Brook River Crane Duke of Northumberland's River Longford River Sudbrook and Latchmere stream River Thames

Sports venues

Athletic Ground, Richmond Barn Elms Playing Fields The Championship Course Cricket clubs and grounds Golf clubs and courses Hampton Pool The Lensbury Pools on the Park Royal Tennis Court, Hampton Court Teddington
Teddington
Pools and Fitness Centre Thames
Thames
Young Mariners Twickenham
Twickenham
Stadium Twickenham
Twickenham
Stoop former Ranelagh Club former Richmond Ice Rink

Events

Annual sports events Hampton Court
Hampton Court
Palace Festival Hampton Court
Hampton Court
Palace Flower Show IRB Rugby Aid Match

Breweries and pubs

Britannia, Richmond The Bull's Head The Crown, Twickenham Dysart Arms The Fox, Twickenham The George, Twickenham Hare and Hounds, Sheen Jolly Coopers, Hampton Old Ship, Richmond Park Hotel, Teddington Richmond Brewery Stores Sun Inn, Barnes Twickenham
Twickenham
Fine Ales Watney Combe & Reid White Cross, Richmond The White Swan, Twickenham‎

Theatres, cinemas and music venues

The Bull's Head Crawdaddy Club The Exchange Olympic Studios Orange Tree Theatre Puppet Theatre Barge Richmond Theatre TwickFolk Wathen Hall former Eel Pie Island
Eel Pie Island
Hotel

Film and recording studios

Astoria The Boathouse, Twickenham Eel Pie Studios Olympic Studios Teddington
Teddington
Studios Twickenham
Twickenham
Film Studios

Media and publishing

Richmond and Twickenham
Twickenham
Times former Gaydar Radio former Hogarth Press

Historical royal palaces

Hampton Court
Hampton Court
Palace Kew
Kew
Palace Richmond Palace

Other places of interest

123 Mortlake
Mortlake
High Street 14 The Terrace, Barnes 18 Station Road, Barnes 70 Barnes High Street Asgill House Brinsworth House Bushy House Chapel House Chapel in the Wood Clarence House Diana Fountain, Bushy Park Doughty House Douglas House Downe House East Sheen
East Sheen
Filling Station Fulwell bus garage Garrick's Temple to Shakespeare Garrick's Villa Grove House, Hampton Ham House Hampton Youth Project Harrods Furniture Depository Hogarth House The Homestead, Barnes King's Observatory Kneller Hall Langham House Langham House Close Latchmere House Lichfield Court Marble Hill House Montrose House The Naked Ladies National Physical Laboratory Normansfield Theatre The Old Court House Ormeley Lodge Parkleys The Pavilion, Hampton Court Pembroke Lodge Pope's Urn Pope's Grotto Poppy Factory The Queen's Beasts Royal Military School of Music Royal Star and Garter Home St Leonard's Court Strawberry Hill House Stud House Sudbrook House and Park The Terrace, Barnes Thatched House Lodge University Boat Race Stones Victoria Working Men's Club West Hall, Kew White Lodge The Wick Wick House Yelverton Lodge York House

History

Adana Printing Machines Admiralty Research Laboratory Alcott House Ashe baronets Barnes rail crash Camp Griffiss Cross Deep House GHQ Liaison Regiment Hampton Court
Hampton Court
Conference Kew
Kew
Letters Mortlake
Mortlake
Tapestry Works Mount Ararat, Richmond Murder of Amélie Delagrange Murder of Julia Martha Thomas Petersham Hole Pocock baronets Pope's villa Radnor House Richmond Flyers Richmond, Petersham and Ham Open Spaces Act 1902 Ringway 2 Sheen Priory Star and Garter Hotel, Richmond Towpath murders Treaty of Hampton Court
Hampton Court
(1562) Twickenham
Twickenham
Park Vandeput baronets Warren-Lambert Wigan baronets

Parliamentary constituencies

Richmond Park Twickenham former Richmond and Barnes former Richmond (Surrey)

Other topics

Almshouses Archives, museums and art galleries Cemeteries, crematoria and memorials Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings Hospitals Local government People Places of worship Public art Schools, colleges and universities Sports clubs

Parks, open spaces and nature reserves in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames

v t e

Areas of London

Central activities zone

Bloomsbury City of London
City of London
wards Holborn Marylebone Mayfair Paddington Pimlico Soho Southwark Vauxhall Waterloo Westminster

Town centre network

International

Belgravia Knightsbridge West End

Metropolitan

Bromley Croydon Ealing Harrow Hounslow Ilford Kingston Romford Shepherd's Bush Stratford Sutton Uxbridge Wood Green

Major

Angel Barking Bexleyheath Brixton Camden Town Canary Wharf Catford Chiswick Clapham
Clapham
Junction Dalston East Ham Edgware Eltham Enfield Town Fulham Hammersmith Holloway Nags Head Kensington High Street Kilburn King's Road
King's Road
East Lewisham Orpington Peckham Putney Queensway/Westbourne Grove Richmond Southall Streatham Tooting Walthamstow Wandsworth Wembley Whitechapel Wimbledon Woolwich

Districts (principal)

Acton Beckenham Bethnal Green Brentford Camberwell Canada Water Carshalton Chadwell Heath Chingford Clapham Crystal Palace Coulsdon Cricklewood Dagenham Deptford Dulwich Edmonton Elephant and Castle Erith Feltham Finchley Forest Gate Forest Hill Golders Green Greenwich Harlesden Hampstead Harringay Hayes (Hillingdon) Hendon Hornchurch Kentish Town Leyton Mill Hill Mitcham Morden Muswell Hill New Cross New Malden Northwood Notting Hill Penge Pinner Purley Ruislip Sidcup Southgate South Norwood Stanmore Stoke Newington Surbiton Sydenham Teddington Thamesmead Tolworth Tulse Hill Twickenham Upminster Upper Norwood Wanstead Wealdstone Welling West Ham West Hampstead West Norwood Willesden
Willesden
Green Woodford

Neighbourhoods (principal)

Abbey Wood Alperton Anerley Barnes Barnsbury Battersea Beckton Bedford Park Bermondsey Bow Brent Cross Brockley Canonbury Charlton Chelsea Chessington Chipping Barnet Chislehurst Clerkenwell Elmers End Gidea Park Greenford Gunnersbury Hackbridge Hackney Ham Hampton Hanwell Hanworth Harold Wood Highams Park Highbury Highgate Hillingdon Hook Holloway Hoxton Ickenham Isle of Dogs Isleworth Islington Kensal Green Kew Lambeth Manor Park Mortlake Neasden Northolt Nunhead Plaistow (Newham) Poplar Roehampton Rotherhithe Seven Kings Seven Sisters Shoreditch Stamford Hill Stepney St Helier Surrey Quays Tottenham Upper Clapton Walworth Wapping West Drayton Worcester Park Yiewsley

Lists of areas by borough

Barking
Barking
and Dagenham Barnet Bexley Brent Bromley Camden Croydon Ealing Enfield Greenwich Hackney Hammersmith
Hammersmith
and Fulham Haringey Harrow Havering Hillingdon Hounslow Islington Kensington and Chelsea Kingston upon Thames Lambeth Lewisham Merton Newham Redbridge Richmond upon Thames Southwark Sutton Tower Hamlets Waltham Forest Wandsworth Westminster

Fictional

Canley (borough) (The Bill: TV soap) Charnham (suburb) (Family Affairs: TV soap) Gasforth (town) (The Thin Blue Line: TV series) London Below (magical realm) (Neverwhere: TV series, novel) Walford
Walford
(borough) (EastEnders: TV soap)

The London Plan 2011, Annex Two: London's Town Centre Network – Greate

.