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The Turkish Radio
Radio
and Television
Television
Corporation, also known as TRT (Turkish: Türkiye Radyo ve Televizyon Kurumu), is the national public broadcaster of Turkey
Turkey
and was founded in 1964. Around 70% of TRT's funding comes from a tax levied on electricity bills and a license tax on television and radio receivers. As these are hypothecated taxes, as opposed to the money coming from general government funds, the principle is similar to that of the television licence levied in a number of other countries. The rest of TRT's funding comes from government grants (around 20%), with the final 10% coming from advertising.[1] Affectionately known to local consumers as the "School", it was for many years the only television and radio provider in Turkey. Before the introduction of commercial radio in 1990, and subsequently commercial television in 1992, it held a monopoly on broadcasting. More recent deregulation of the Turkish television broadcasting market produced analogue cable television. Today, TRT broadcasts around the world, especially in Europe, Asia, Africa
Africa
and Australia. TRT's predecessor, "Türkiye Radyoları" was one of 23 founding broadcasting organisations of the European Broadcasting Union
European Broadcasting Union
in 1950; it would return to the EBU fold as TRT in 1972. The original company started radio test broadcasts in 1926, with a studio built in Istanbul in 1927 and a studio in Ankara
Ankara
following in 1928. It organized the Eurovision Song Contest
Eurovision Song Contest
2004.

Contents

1 History 2 Television
Television
channels

2.1 Domestic 2.2 International 2.3 Minority languages 2.4 Teletext
Teletext
and EPG 2.5 Celebration 2.6 Closing and opening times throughout the years

3 Radio
Radio
channels

3.1 Regional channels

3.1.1 Urban Radio
Radio
channels

4 Logos 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] Test transmissions started on TRT 1
TRT 1
on January 31, 1968. A full national television schedule, which at that time linked the areas in and around Ankara, Istanbul, and İzmir, started in December 1971.[2] TRT renewed its membership in the European Broadcasting Union
European Broadcasting Union
(having been a founding member previously offering only radio) starting on August 26, 1972, with Turkey's first Eurovision Network
Eurovision Network
event, a football match ( Turkey
Turkey
vs. Italy), airing across Europe
Europe
on January 13, 1973.[2] TRT also joined the Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union
Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union
in 1976, the same year their first colour television test was showcased via laboratory at the general assembly of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference.[2] All programming was in black and white from the start of test transmissions in 1968 until the New Year's Eve programming on December 31, 1981, when the first on-air color tests started.[3] The entire lineup switched to color on March 15, 1984.[3] TRT organized the Eurovision Song Contest
Eurovision Song Contest
2004, with the semi-final on 12 May 2004 and the final on 15 May 2004. On May 19, 2012 TRT 1
TRT 1
HD started simulcasting with TRT 1
TRT 1
upscaled to full HD 16:9 DVB-S2 standard. Television
Television
channels[edit]

Turkey
Turkey
has made the first radio broadcast of Radio
Radio
Station Ankara
Ankara
from view

TRT's headquarters in Ankara.

TRT Istanbul
Istanbul
studios

All television channels can be watched via Turksat satellite in Europe in Asia
Asia
and terrestrial in Turkey
Turkey
and neighboring countries. Some of them are also found on cable TV systems. Domestic[edit]

TRT 1
TRT 1
(launched January 1968) - General entertainment channel with a broad schedule featuring local and foreign series, Turkish and Hollywood cinema, live shows with Turkish folk music, Turkish classical music and pop music, live sport, news & current affairs plus special events such as the Eurovision Song Contest. TRT Haber
TRT Haber
(launched September 1986) - News and current affairs, sports news and weather. TRT Spor
TRT Spor
(launched October 1989) - Live and archive sport including Formula 1, World and European Figure Skating Championships, World and European Athletics Championships, Turkish Women's Volleyball league, U18 Basketball plus feature programmes. When parliament is in session, TRT 3
TRT 3
relays live coverage of the Turkish Grand National Assembly (TBMM-TV). TRT Çocuk
TRT Çocuk
(launched November 2008) - Children's programming, animated programmes and educational programmes. The station timeshares for most of the day with TRT Okul, which signs on in the primetime hours. TRT Anadolu
TRT Anadolu
(launched May 2009) - Broadcasting with regional TV channels of Turkey. TRT 6
TRT 6
(launched January 2009) - Channel in Kurdish language. TRT el Türkiye
TRT el Türkiye
(launched April 2010) - Broadcasts 24 hours a day in Arabic language
Arabic language
with programs aimed at Arabs in Turkey, as well as the wider Arab world
Arab world
and Middle East. TRT Müzik (launched November 2009) - 24-hour music channel with Turkish folk and classical music. It also airs pop, rock, jazz & ethnic music. TRT Belgesel (launched November 2009) - 24-hour documentary channel. TRT Okul (launched January 31, 2011) - 24-hour educational channel. TRT HD
TRT HD
(launched May 2010) - Former High definition television channel of TRT broadcasting several programmes from the other TRT channels in HD format. TRT 4K (launched February 2015) - Ultra HD
Ultra HD
television channel of TRT. This is the first 4K television channel in Turkey.[4]

International[edit]

TRT Türk (16:9, not encoded in DVB signal) (formerly known as TRT INT) - International news, current affairs, documentaries and cultural programming aimed at both Turks and Turkish speaking audience living abroad. It's the first TRT channel to make extensive use of a private production company for news programming. TRT Avaz
TRT Avaz
(formerly known as TRT Türk) (launched March 2009) - International channel aimed at the Turkic republics and Turks living in the Balkans. The channel has a focus on entertainment and documentaries as opposed to TRT Türk's new focus on news. Programmes are broadcast in a mixture of languages including Turkish, Azeri, Kazak, Uzbek and Turkmen. TRT World
TRT World
- International news, current affairs, documentaries and cultural programming in English for international audiences.

Minority languages[edit] TRT has a special TV channel for Kurdish that broadcasts on a 24-hour / 7-day basis called TRT 6
TRT 6
and other TV and Radio
Radio
stations that broadcast programmes in the local languages and dialects like Armenian, Arabic, Bosnian and Circassian a few hours a week.[5][6] Another special TV channel aimed at the Turkic world, TRT Avaz
TRT Avaz
was launched on 21 March 2009 and broadcasts in the Azeri, Bosnian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Uzbek and Turkmen languages; while the TRT Arabic television channel started broadcasting on 4 April 2010.[7] Teletext
Teletext
and EPG[edit]

TRT Avaz
TRT Avaz
announcer who interviewed during the 2014 state elections in Austria.

TRT started teletext trial-runs with the name “Telegün” on December 3, 1990. All TV channels are broadcasting the teletext. An online interface is available (see External links at the end of this article). 6 channels are also broadcasting their programs with the Electronic program guide
Electronic program guide
(EPG). Celebration[edit] In January 2008, TRT celebrated their 40th anniversary. All TRT channels broadcast the old idents and news studio (Still being modern logo). Each day new idents were made. This event also happened in 1978, 1988 and 1998. In 2018 they will have the bigger 50th anniversary celebration. Closing and opening times throughout the years[edit]

31 January 1968 TRT 1
TRT 1
launched at 19:15 and closed at 20:51 1970 TRT 1
TRT 1
launched at 19:00 and closed at 22:00 1975 TRT 1
TRT 1
weeknights launched at 19:00 and closed at 23:00 and weekends launched at 18:00 and closed at midnight 1981 TRT 1
TRT 1
weeknights launched at 19:45 and closed at 23:00, Saturdays launched at 17:00 and closed at 23:40 and Sundays launched at 10am and closed at 23:00 1984 TRT 1
TRT 1
weeknights launched at 19:00 and closed at 23:00, Saturdays launched at 17:30 and closed at midnight and Sundays launched at 14:00 and closed at midnight 1986 TRT 1
TRT 1
close at midnight, TRT 2
TRT 2
at 23:30 1987 TRT 1
TRT 1
and TRT 2
TRT 2
close at 23:30 1988 TRT 1
TRT 1
close at 1am, TRT 2
TRT 2
at midnight 1989 TRT 1
TRT 1
close at 1am, TRT 2
TRT 2
and TRT 3
TRT 3
at midnight 1990 TRT 1
TRT 1
close at 1am, TRT 2
TRT 2
and TRT 3
TRT 3
at midnight, TRT 4
TRT 4
at 23:30 1992 TRT 1
TRT 1
close at 2am, TRT 2
TRT 2
at 1am, TRT 3
TRT 3
at midnight, TRT 4
TRT 4
at 23:30 1993 TRT 2
TRT 2
at 1am, TRT 3
TRT 3
at midnight, TRT 4
TRT 4
at 23:30 1997 TRT 1
TRT 1
and 2 close at 2am, TRT 3
TRT 3
and 4 at midnight 2002 TRT 1
TRT 1
& 2 open 24/7. 3 and 4 open 7:00-0:30 Since 2010 all channels 24/7 (TRT 4/ TRT Çocuk
TRT Çocuk
(4th channel of TRT) and TRT GAP/TRT Spor/TBMM-TV (3rd channel of TRT) couples are exception but in whole couples they broadcast 24/7 too.)

Radio
Radio
channels[edit]

TRT Radio
Radio
Istanbul
Istanbul
headquarters in Harbiye, Şişli, Istanbul

Radyo 1
Radyo 1
(launched in May 1927) - spoken-word programmes including culture, arts, drama, news, science, society, education and history TRT FM (formerly Radyo 2, launched January 1975) - A mixture of Turkish pop, folk and classical music, foreign pop, call ins, news and travel information Radyo 3
Radyo 3
(launched in January 1975) - Classical music, jazz, world music, foreign pop & rock Radyo 4 (launched in October 1987) - Turkish classical and Turkish folk music Radyo 6 (launched in 2009) - Broadcasting in Kurdish language
Kurdish language
for Kurds in Turkey TRT Nağme
TRT Nağme
- Turkish classical music TRT Avrupa FM - Broadcasting for Turks in Europe TRT Türkü
TRT Türkü
- Turkish folk music and türkü Voice of Turkey
Turkey
(launched December 1982) - Broadcasting with 26 different languages and around the World.

Regional channels[edit]

Antalya
Antalya
Radyosu - Broadcasting in Antalya, covers west Mediterranean Region, Turkey Çukurova Radyosu - Broadcasting in Mersin, covers east Mediterranean Region, Turkey Erzurum
Erzurum
Radyosu - Broadcasting in Erzurum, covers Eastern Turkey Trabzon
Trabzon
Radyosu - Broadcasting in Trabzon, covers Northern Turkey Radyo GAP - Broadcasting in Diyarbakır, covers South Eastern Turkey

Urban Radio
Radio
channels[edit]

Kent Radyo İstanbul Kent Radyo Ankara Kent Radyo İzmir

Logos[edit]

1990-2001

2001-2005

2012-present

See also[edit]

List of television stations in Turkey Timeline of broadcast in Turkey Radio
Radio
and television technology in Turkey Media freedom in Turkey
Turkey
(covers censorship aspects) Media of Turkey Emel Gazimihal (first female speaker)

References[edit]

^ EU Monitoring and Advocacy Program - Television
Television
across Europe. Turkey ^ a b c "?" (PDF). Gov.tr.  ^ a b Historical Background of radio and television broadcasting in Turkey ^ http://www.trt.net.tr/english/review-of-the-turkish-press/2015/02/20/review-of-the-turkish-press-20022015-169486 ^ Turkish Directorate General of Press and Information (2003). "Historical background of radio and television broadcasting in Turkey". Turkish Prime Minister's Office. Archived from the original on 2006-08-30. Retrieved 2006-08-10.  ^ Nasuhi Güngör (2009). "Kurdish TRT". Zaman. Retrieved 2009-02-25.  ^ "TRT Arapça Bugün Açılıyor". Trt.net.tr. 2011-01-13. Archived from the original on 2010-04-07. Retrieved 2012-11-04. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Turkish Radio
Radio
and Television Corporation.

Official website (in Turkish) TRT World
TRT World
(in English) TRT Sales

v t e

Türkiye Radyo ve Televizyon Kurumu (TRT)

Television

Television

TRT 1 TRT 3 TRT Haber TRT World TRT Spor TRT Diyanet TRT Kurdî TRT Avaz TRT Çocuk TBMM TV TRT Türk TRT Müzik TRT Belgesel TRT Okul TRT el Türkiye TRT 4K

Defunct Television
Television
and Radio

TRT HD TRT 2 TRT 4 Turizm Radyosu TRT GAP TRT International

Radio

National

Radyo 1 TRT FM Radyo 3 Radyo 4 Radyo 6 Voice of Turkey TRT Nağme TRT Avrupa FM TRT Türkü

Regional

Ankara
Ankara
Radio Antalya
Antalya
Radyosu Çukurova Radyosu Erzurum
Erzurum
Radyosu Radyo GAP Trabzon
Trabzon
Radyosu

v t e

Members of the European Broadcasting Union

Active members

Current

ARD ARMR ARMTV BBC BHRT BNR BNT BTRC C1R Canal+ CLT/RTL COPE ČRo ČT CyBC DR E1 ENRS ENTV ERR ERSL ERT ERTT ERTU France 24 FTV GPB HRT İTV JRTV LNC LR LRT LTV M6 MCD MRT FI/MTV MTVA NPO NRK NTU ORF PBS PR Radio
Radio
France RAI RDO RFI RMC ROR RTBF RTCG RTÉ RTP RTS RTSH RTVA RTVE RTVS RTVSLO RÚV SER SMTV SNRT SR SRG SSR SVT TDA TF1 TG4 TL TMC (French) TRM TV2 (DK) TV2 (NO) TV4 TVP TVR TRT UA:PBC UKIB UR VGTRK VR VRT Yle ZDF

Applicants

1FLTV 2M TV IPBC KRTC QR RTK

Former

IBA JRT LJBC MR MTV NERIT SRo STV TMC (Italian) UJRT

Associate members and approved participants

Associate

ABC (Australia) ABC (United States) All India Radio APM Bayrak Canal 13 (Chile) CBC/SRC CBS CCTV Fuji TV/JOCX-DTV ICRT IRIB JBA KA KBS La7 MBC Mediaset NBAB NBC NHK NPR ORTAS PARTSO RB RNZ RTHK RTM SABC SBS TBS/JORX-DTV TEME TFM/JOAU-FM TVC/FPA TVM (Mauritania) TVNZ WFMT WGBH WNYC-FM/NYPR

Approved

3sat Arte Abertis
Abertis
Telecom CAT Euronews JPMRD RTRN TV5Monde

v t e

Television
Television
in Turkey

Turkish Radio
Radio
and Television
Television
Corporation

TRT 1 TRT 3 TRT Haber TRT Spor TRT Diyanet TRT Al Arabiya TRT Kurdî TRT Avaz TRT Çocuk TBMM TV TRT Türk TRT Müzik TRT Belgesel TRT Okul TRT World

Doğan Media Group

Cartoon Network CNN Türk Dream TV Kanal D teve2

Doğuş Media Group

Kral TV NTV Star TV

Ciner Media Group

Habertürk Show TV Bloomberg HT

Acun Media

TV8 TV8,5

Turkuvaz Media Group

ATV A Haber A Spor A2

Fox Networks Group
Fox Networks Group
Turkey

Fox Fox Life Fox Crime Fox Sports Türkiye FX 24Kitchen BabyTV National Geographic Channel Nat Geo People Nat Geo Wild

The Walt Disney Company

Disney Channel Disney Junior Disney XD

Viacom

Nickelodeon Nick Jr.

New World Media Group

Kanal 7 Ülke TV

Esmedya

24 360 TV4

Others

a9 TV Dost TV Fenerbahçe TV Flash TV Genç TV Kidz TV Mesaj TV Meltem TV TLC Türkiye Ulusal Kanal Yaban TV

Defunct

Bugün TV Cine5 CNBC-e e2 HBB ITU TV Kanal 6 Kanaltürk Mehtap TV NTV Spor Samanyolu Haber TV Samanyolu TV Teleon TGRT TRT 2 TRT 4 TRT International

.