HOME
The Info List - Turkish Military Academy





The Turkish Military Academy
Military Academy
(Turkish: Kara Harp Okulu) is a four-year co-educational military academy located in the center of Ankara, Turkey. Its mission is to develop cadets mentally and physically for service as commissioned officers in the Turkish Army.

Contents

1 Other Military Colleges 2 History 3 Alumni 4 Entry process 5 Organization 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Other Military Colleges[edit] It is not to be confused with Ottoman Military College, Army War College (Kara Harp Akademisi),[1] Armed Forces College, (Silahlı Kuvvetler Akademisi)[2] or the National Security College (Milli Güvenlik Akademisi).[3] History[edit]

Rectorate building

Turkish Military Academy
Military Academy
of Sanjak flag

Young officers graduation ceremony

Practice of students of black war school

Turkish Military Academy
Military Academy
students military parade, Kızılay

In recognition of intense demands of science and technology on modern warfare, the Ottoman State
Ottoman State
abolished the Janissaries and founded the Military Academy
Military Academy
in Constantinople
Constantinople
(today-Istanbul) in 1834 as an institution devoted to the arts and science of warfare by the order of Sultan Mahmud II. The Academy produced its first graduates in 1841. After the foundation of military high schools in 1845, the Academy continued to give education with a four-year curriculum. The Academy had primarily trained artillery and cavalry officers until 1908.[4] The Military Academies that were founded in five army centers in Edirne, Manastır, Erzincan, Damascus
Damascus
and Bagdad were closed after a short while. Later, only the Military Academy
Military Academy
in Istanbul
Istanbul
continued education and training.[4] By applying an intensive training program to train soldiers for the fronts during the consecutive war periods, Turkish Military Academy (TMA) started training and education on 1 July 1920 in Abidin Pasha Mansion in Ankara
Ankara
during the Truce Period. TMA produced its first graduates on 1 November 1920. Atatürk
Atatürk
hereby penned down his feelings in the book of honor: "Turkish Grand Assembly is pleased to see that the first officers of independence who are trained with the national oath of ‘Either independence or death!’ are introduced to our nation and entrusted with their missions."[4] Following the Lausanne Treaty, TMA started education in Istanbul
Istanbul
again. Having been transferred to Ankara, the TMA started education in a new building on 25 September 1936. Academy's two-year education period was rearranged as to be a three-year education in 1948, two years in 1963, three years in 1971, and finally four years in 1974. While TMA offered bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Administration/Management between the years 1974-1991, the Academy made a gradual transition to Systems Engineering
Systems Engineering
program. Systems Engineering Program produced its first graduates in 1994. With the Army Regulation for the Military Academies that was passed on 11 May 2000 in the Turkish Grand National Assembly, TMA was recognized as a higher education institution and thus, this served as a basis for the TMA to be organized in a university structure as a contemporary higher education institution. The construction of the monument has started September 1995 and it was opened on October 8th, 1997.[5] Alumni[edit] Mustafa Kemal
Mustafa Kemal
Atatürk
Atatürk
graduated from Manastır
Manastır
Military High School being top of his class with another cadet, Ahmet Tevfik from Selanik, who had the same grades as him, in mid-December in 1898, and thus completed secondary education. Until mid-March in 1899, he had been on-leave. He boarded a ship in Selanik
Selanik
to travel to İstanbul, the capital city at that time, to continue his education in Military Academy. He left Macedonia where he had spent all his childhood and early teenage years for the first time. His enrollment in Military Academy, where he would build up a new life and, his thoughts and his personality world mature, was on 1 March 1315-13 March 1899. His epaulet number was 1283. Cadet Mustafa Kemal
Mustafa Kemal
was recorded as "tall, white skinned Mustafa Kemal
Mustafa Kemal
96", son of Ali Rıza Efendi, who was one of the customs officers coming from Kasım Paşa District in Selanik, and was written down into the enrollment book which was intended for "1315 enrollments." In the book, he was between 1282 Ahmet Tevfik Efendi from Selanik
Selanik
(96) and 1284 Recep Fahri from Manastir Vilayet (95). In that year, Mustafa Kemal
Mustafa Kemal
was in the first section of the first grade comprising six sections which might have had over 900 or 736 cadets according to different sources. The commander of the Military Academy
Military Academy
was General Mustafa Zeki. He was the commander who served most, for 22 years, between 1884 and 1906. He was a wise commander. He would read and write a lot. In order to educate patriotic officers, he worked hard and cared about the cadets. He graduated many famous commanders like Mustafa Kemal, İsmet İnönü, Kazım Karabekir
Kazım Karabekir
and Fevzi Çakmak. In addition to General Mustafa Zeki, that General Goltz's being "the inspector for military schools" and General Esat's (Bültani) being the school principal provided the necessary foundation to make the curriculum modern. They redesigned the curriculum after having examined the curriculums in German, French and Belgium schools. Then, The Military Academy
Military Academy
had been transformed in education and training. Probably, Mustafa Kemal and his fellow soldiers’ biggest chance was their enrollment in this new period. Entry process[edit] There are roughly 4,000 cadets attending the Turkish Military Academy at any one time. In order to enter the academy, prospective cadets first apply to military high school after primary schooling. Only students displaying the potential to become officers are accepted. There are three military high schools in Turkey. Maltepe Military High School in İzmir, Kuleli Military High School
Kuleli Military High School
in Istanbul
Istanbul
and Işıklar Military High School in Bursa. Each military high school has a four-year program, and after completion, cadets from all three schools enter the Academy. A small number of cadets also enter the school from civilian high schools. Military high schools are all male schools, so all female cadets at the Academy come from civilian high schools. The Academy is the only source of commissioned officers for the Turkish Army. After graduation, cadets are required to serve for 15 years. Organization[edit] The academy is made up of one regiment and four battalions, or (Turkish Tabur for singular, Taburlar for plural, and Taburu in singular-possessive constructions (like in Battalion
Battalion
of Izmir, which would be Izmir Taburu)), named after famous campaigns during the Turkish War of Independence (except Malazgirt). 1st Battalion
Battalion
is the Anafartalar Battalion, 2nd is the Dumlupinar Battalion, 3rd is the Sakarya Battalion
Battalion
and 4th is the Battle of Manzikert. Each battalion has a separate building, which contains a number of facilities including barracks, dining halls, classrooms, day rooms and study rooms. The cadet regiment has a cadet chain of command which rotates during the school year. The cadet regiment also has a chain of command of regular army officers in mentoring and leadership roles. The academy's regimental commander is a very prestigious position and usually precludes a higher position within the Turkish Army. The cadets are distinguishable and organized by their graduating class as well as their cadet unit. In their classroom uniform, each cadet wears a thin gold bar on their epilate for each year they have been at the academy. Senior cadets, with four bars, also wear the color of the branch of the Turkish Army
Turkish Army
that they will be entering upon graduation on their collar. For example, green for infantry and gray for armor. The under three classes wear blue on their collar which signifies that they have not yet chosen a branch. The cadet also wears an identification number, a four digit number issued upon entrance to the academy. Atatürk's cadet number, 1283,[6] has been reserved and will not be issued to another cadet. The cadet dress uniform is the same as the Turkish Army
Turkish Army
officer's uniform, except for the addition of two gold cords looped from the right shoulder across the front right suspending two metal pins. One pin is long, and symbolizes peace while the other is short and symbolizes war. See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Turkish Military Academy.

Turkish Air Force
Turkish Air Force
Academy Turkish Naval Academy Turkish National Police Academy

References[edit]

^ Army War College in the official website of the Turkish General Staffs War Colleges Command. ^ Armed Forces College in the official website of the Turkish General Staffs War Colleges Command. ^ National Security College in the official website of the Turkish General Staffs War Colleges Command. ^ a b c "History of Turkish Military Academy
Military Academy
(TMA)". Turkish Military Academy. Retrieved 3 April 2017.  ^ Okulu, Kara Harp. "Kara Harp Okulu". www.kho.edu.tr. Retrieved 2016-04-01.  ^ Cadet 1283 Mustafa Kemal
Mustafa Kemal
in the official website of the Turkish Military Academy.

External links[edit]

Kara Harp Okulu Turkish Military Academy
Military Academy
on Facebook

v t e

Turkish Armed Forces

Leadership

President Ministry of Defence Chief of the General Staff

General

History Awards and Emblems General Staff Building (Ankara) Military budget of Turkey

Field armies

First Army Command (headquarters: Istanbul) Second Army Command (Malatya) Third Army Command (Erzincan) Aegean Army Command (İzmir)

Services

Army ( Special
Special
Forces Amphibious Marine Brigade) Navy

Underwater Offence Underwater Defence

Turkish Air Force

Internal security

Turkish Forces in Northern Cyprus Command of Mapping Presidential Guard Regiment

Equipment

Land Forces equipment Navy ships Air Force aircraft

Education

Turkish War Academies Turkish Military Academy Turkish Naval Academy Turkish Air Force
Turkish Air Force
Academy Armed Forces College

v t e

Turkish Army
Turkish Army
Formations

Commands

Land Forces Command Training and Doctrine Command Logistics Command Turkish Military Academy
Military Academy
Command Army Aviation Command Cyprus Turkish Peace Force
Cyprus Turkish Peace Force
Command

1st Army

II Corps

4th Mechanized Infantry Brigade 8th Mechanized Infantry Brigade 18th Mechanized Infantry Brigade 95th Armored Brigade 102nd Artillery Regiment Corps Engineer Combat Regiment 5th Commando Brigade

III Corps

52nd Tactical Armored Division 2nd Armored Brigade 66th Mechanized Infantry Brigade 23rd Tactical Motorized Infantry Division 6th Motorized Infantry Regiment 23rd Motorized Infantry Regiment 47th Motorized Infantry Regiment

V Corps

1st Armored Brigade 3rd Armored Brigade 54th Mechanized Infantry Brigade 55th Mechanized Infantry Brigade 65th Mechanized Infantry Brigade Corps Armored Cavalry Battalion 105th Artillery Regiment

2nd Army

IV Corps

28th Mechanized Infantry Brigade 58th Artillery Regiment 1st Commando Brigade 2nd Commando Brigade

VI Corps

5th Armored Brigade 39th Mechanized Infantry Brigade 106th Artillery Regiment 6th Commando Brigade

VII Corps

3rd Tactical Infantry Division 34th Border Brigade 16th Mechanized Brigade 20th Mechanized Brigade 70th Mechanized Infantry Brigade 172nd Armored Brigade 2nd Motorized Infantry Brigade 6th Motorized Infantry Brigade 3rd Commando Brigade 107th Artillery Regiment Hakkari Mountain and Commando Brigade

3rd Army

VIII Corps

1st Mechanized Infantry Brigade 12th Mechanized Infantry Brigade 10th Motorized Infantry Brigade 34th Motorized Infantry Brigade 49th Motorized Infantry Brigade 51st Motorized Infantry Brigade 4th Commando Brigade 108th Artillery Regiment 17th Motorized Infantry Brigade

IX Corps

9th Tactical Infantry Division 4th Armored Brigade 14th Mechanized Infantry Brigade 25th Mechanized Infantry Brigade 9th Motorized Infantry Brigade 48th Motorized Infantry Brigade 109th Artillery Regiment

Aegean Army

Cyprus Turkish Peace Force

28th Infantry Division 39th Infantry Division 14th Armored Brigade Cyprus Special
Special
Forces Regiment Cyprus Artillery Regiment

Army units

Logistics Division 57th Artillery Training Brigade 19th Infantry Brigade 11th Motorized Infantry Brigade 5th Army Aviation School Command 2nd Infantry Regiment Commando Training School Command 3rd Infantry Training Brigade 1st Infantry Training Brigade

v t e

Universities and colleges in Ankara

State

Ankara
Ankara
University Gazi University Hacettepe University Middle East Technical University Yıldırım Beyazıt University

Private

Atılım University Başkent University Bilkent University Çankaya University TED University TOBB University of Economics and Technology Turkish Aeronautical Association University Ufuk University closed in 2016 purges: İpek University

Military

Gülhane Military Medical Academy Turkish Military Academy

v t e

Military educational institutions in Turkey

High schools

Işıklar Kuleli Maltepe Naval

Vocational schools

Air Force NCO Medicine NCO Military NCO Military Band NCO Naval NCO

Academies

Air Force Gülhane Military Academy
Military Academy
of Medicine Turkish Military Academy Naval

v t e

Universities in Turkey

State University

Ankara
Ankara
Yıldırım Beyazıt Abant İzzet Baysal Abdullah Gül Adıyaman Adnan Menderes Afyon Kocatepe Ağrı İbrahim Çeçen Ahi Evran Akdeniz Aksaray Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat Amasya Anadolu Ankara Ardahan Artvin Çoruh Atatürk Balıkesir Bandırma Onyedi Eylül Bartın Batman Bayburt Bilecik Bingöl Bitlis Eren Boğaziçi Bozok Bülent Ecevit Cumhuriyet Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Çankırı Karatekin Çukurova Dicle Dokuz Eylül Düzce Ege Erciyes Erzincan Eskişehir Osmangazi Fırat Galatasaray Gazi Gaziantep Gaziosmanpaşa Giresun Gümüşhane Hacettepe Hakkari Harran Hitit Iğdır İnönü İstanbul İstanbul
İstanbul
Medeniyet İzmir
İzmir
Bakırçay İzmir
İzmir
Democracy İzmir
İzmir
Kâtip Çelebi Kafkas Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Karabük Karamanoğlu Mehmetbey Kastamonu Kırıkkale Kırklareli Kilis 7 Aralık Kocaeli Kütahya Dumlupınar Manisa Celal Bayar Mardin Artuklu Marmara Mehmet Akif Ersoy Mersin Muğla Munzur Mustafa Kemal Muş Alparslan Namık Kemal Nevşehir Ondokuz Mayıs Ordu Osmaniye Korkut Ata Ömer Halisdemir Pamukkale Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Sakarya Selçuk Siirt Sinop Süleyman Demirel Şırnak Trakya Turkish-German Uludağ Uşak Yalova Yüzüncü Yıl

Technical University

Adana Science and Technology (ABTÜ) Bursa Technical (BTÜ) Erzurum Technical (ETÜ) Gebze Technical (GTÜ) İstanbul
İstanbul
Technical (İTÜ) İzmir
İzmir
Institute of Technology (İYTE) Karadeniz Technical (KTÜ) Middle East Technical (ODTÜ) Yıldız Technical (YTÜ)

Military

National Defense

Police Academy

Turkish National Police Academy Gendarmerie and Coast Guard Academy

Fine Arts

Mimar Sinan Fine Arts

Foundation University

Acıbadem Akev Alanya Hamdullah Emin Paşa Anka Teknoloji Atılım Avrasya Bahçeşehir Başkent Beykent Beykoz Bezmiâlem Vakıf Biruni Bilkent Canik Başarı Çağ Çankaya Doğuş Fatih Sultan Mehmet Vakıf Haliç Hasan Kalyoncu İbn Haldun International Antalya Işık İstanbul
İstanbul
29 Mayıs Istanbul
Istanbul
Arel Istanbul
Istanbul
Aydın Istanbul
Istanbul
Bilgi Istanbul
Istanbul
Bilim Istanbul
Istanbul
Commerce Istanbul
Istanbul
Gedik Istanbul
Istanbul
Kemerburgaz Istanbul
Istanbul
Kent Istanbul
Istanbul
Kültür Istanbul
Istanbul
Sabahattin Zaim Istanbul
Istanbul
Şehir Istanbul
Istanbul
Esenyurt Istanbul
Istanbul
Gelişim Istanbul
Istanbul
Medipol Istanbul
Istanbul
Rumeli Istanbul
Istanbul
Yeni Yüzyıl Istinye İzmir
İzmir
of Economics Kadir Has Karatay Koç Maltepe Nişantaşı Nuh Naci Yazgan Okan Özyeğin Pîrî Reis Sabancı TED TOBB of Economics and Technology Toros Ufuk Üsküdar Yaşar Yeditepe

Former/Closed

Foundation

Bursa Orhangazi Canik Başarı Fatih Gediz İpek İzmir Kanuni Melikşah Mevlana Murat Hüdavendigar Selahaddin Eyyubi Süleyman Şah Şifa Turgut Özal Zirve

Military Academy

Turkish War Academies Academy of Medicine Military Academy Naval Academy Air Force Academy

Turkey
Turkey
portal Turkish Armed Forces
Turkish Armed Forces
porta

.