Tulu Nadu or Tulunad is a Tulu speaking region spread over parts of
Kerala states of India. The erstwhile district of
South Canara (present day districts of Dakshina Kannada,
Kasaragod district of Kerala) is the core of the Tulu
speaking region. This region is not an official administrative region
but a region inhabited by Tulu speaking people. Tulunad is the
homeland of the Tuluva ethnic people.Kudla/Mangalore,
Kasaragod are its important cities.
1.1 Alupa dynasty
4 Geography and climate
8 Notable people
9 See also
11 Further reading
12 External links
Royal emblem of the Alupas, the oldest known native rulers of Tulu
Extent of the Alupa kingdom
A regional map of
Tulu Nadu in Karnataka.
Tulu Nadu also includes
Kasaragod district of
Ptolemy, the 2nd century geographer identifies the
Tulu Nadu region as
Olokhoira which is widely believed to be a corruption of the term Alva
Kheda, 'the land of the Alvas'. Historically,
Tulu Nadu included
the two separate lands of Haiva and Tuluva. The longest ruling and
oldest known native dynasty of
Tulu Nadu was that of the
5th - 14th century C. E.). Their kingdom was also known as
Alvakheda. They initially ruled independently and later were the
feudatories of the prominent dynasties. The
Kadamba dynasty of
Banavasi was the earliest, under which the
Alupas flourished. Later
the Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta,
Chalukyas of Badami,
Hoysalas of Dwarasamudra (Halebidu) and Rayas of Vijayanagara
were the overlords. The Alupas, however, were independent and their
subordination was nominal at best. They ruled until the Vijayanagara
Empire took control of
Tulu Nadu from 14th to the 17th centuries.
During the rule of Vijayanagara, Tulu nadu was administered in two
parts – Mangaluru Rajya and Barkuru Rajya.
Tulu Nadu was the
original homeland of the dynasty that founded the Vijayanagar Empire
based in eastern Karnataka.
Tulu Nadu was governed by the native
feudatories of the
Vijayanagara Empire until the 18th century. These
feudatories gained power towards the end of Alupa period.
Notable among them were the Chowtas of
1160-1801 C.E), Ajilas of
Venur (c. 1418-1800 C.E), the Savanta or
Samantha Rajas of Mulki (c. 1411- 1700), the Bhairarasa Odeyas of
Karkala (c. 1240-1650 C.E), the Tolaharas of Suralu (c.1139-1800 C.E),
the Bangas of Bangadi (c. 1410-1800 C.E.), the Rajas of
12th century - 1800 C.E) and the Rajas of
Vitla (c. 1436-1800 C.E).
The region became extremely prosperous during Vijayanagara period with
Mangalore gaining importance. After the decline of the
Vijayanagara Empire, the Keladi Nayakas of
Ikkeri controlled much of
Tulu Nadu.Over the following many centuries, more ethnic groups
migrated to the area.
Goa arrived by sea, as Mangalore
was a major port that served not only the Portuguese but also the
Arabs for maritime trades. Jains were already a prominent group and
even today are uniquely preserved in Tulu Nadu. Though small in
number, the Jains left behind indelible reminders of their glory with
temples (bastis) in (Moodabidri) and monolithic statues of
Venoor and Dharmasthala. In the 16th century there was a
large influx of Catholics to
Tulu Nadu from Goa. The Muslim community
Tulu Nadu were basically Arab traders who married local women and
settled there. Some came from Kerala. They speak the
which is a mix of Tulu and Kannada, and the others speak Urdu.
Under Portugal, the region was called the Missao do Sul (Mission of
the South). In the 18th century, it was conquered by Hyder Ali, the
ruler of Mysore. After the British defeated Haidar's successor Tipu
Sultan in 1799, the region was attached to the
before being reverted to the state of Mysore in the aftermath of
independence. Mysore has since been renamed Karnataka. At the end of
the 18th century,
Hyder Ali and
Tipu Sultan controlled the region.
Mangalore played a prominent role in Tipu’s battles with the
British. The British gained full control in 1801, after Tipu's death
in 1799. The British ruled the region with
Madras (now Chennai) as its
headquarters. Tipu conquered the region and the British conquered it
from him. Under the British, the region was organised into the
North Canara and
South Canara respectively.
Hindu mythology Lord
Parshurama commanded Lord
Varuna to make
the seas recede to make the Tulu Nadu.
When the states were reorganised on linguistic basis in the 1956, Tulu
Nadu (South Canara) which was earlier a part of
Madras Presidency and
North Canara which was a part of
Bombay Presidency became part of the
newly formed Mysore state, which was later renamed as Karnataka.
Kasargod became part of the newly formed state of Kerala. The Tuluvas
began demanding official language status for Tulu and a separate state
Tulu Nadu for themselves. Organisations like the Tulu Rajya
Horata Samiti have taken up the cause of the Tuluvas and meetings and
demonstrations were held at towns like
Udupi to voice
According to the 2001 Census of India, the population of the region
was 3,005,898. The majority of the population in
Tulu Nadu are
Tuluvas, Other ethnic groups include Malayalis, Kannadigas, Konkanis
Main article: Tulu language
Tigalari script has been used for Tulu since at least the 10th
The most widely spoken Language is Tulu which belongs to the Dravidian
family of languages, and whose native speakers are referred to as
Tuluva. The number of Tulu speakers was estimated to be about 1.7
million in 2001, although some sources quote as many as 3
million. The other languages spoken in
Tulu Nadu include Kannada,
Konkani, Koraga and Beary.
The Tigalari script, bears partial similarity to the Grantha script.
It was used by Tuluvas for centuries, before it was eventually
replaced by the
Kannada script. Most Sanskrit works and Tulu classics
are present in this script, with a few in other scripts. This script
was used by Brahmins.
Geography and climate
Yakshagana artist portraying a rakshasa (demon)
A typical house in Tulu Nadu, with the roof constructed using
Tulu Nadu lies along the
Tulu Nadu is bounded on the
west by the
Arabian Sea and on the east by the Western Ghats. Tulu
Nadu spans an area of 8,441 km2 (3,259 sq mi), roughly
4.4 per cent of the total geographical area of present-day Karnataka.
Tulu Nadu also experience heavy rainfalls during Monsoon season. The
coastal area of
Tulu Nadu is very rich with respect to rainforests and
backwaters. The region has a tropical climate; summer and winter
months experience similar temperate conditions, with average
temperatures ranging from 24 °C to 33 °C.
Chaturmukha Basadi, Karkala
Saavira Kambada Basadi, Moodabidri
Shri Madhva Acharya, a Hindu philosopher and the chief proponent of
the philosophy of Dwaita or Dualism.
Yakshagana is a night-long dance and drama performance practised
Tulu Nadu with great fanfare. Pilivesha is a unique form of
folk dance in the region fascinating the young and the old alike,
which is performed during Marnemi (as Dussehra is called in Tulu) and
Krishna Janmashtami. Karadi Vesha (Bear Dance) is one more popular
dance performed during Dasara in Tulu Nadu.
Bhuta Kola (Spirit
worship), which is usually done at night is practised here. Kambala
(Buffalo race) is conducted in water filled paddy fields. Korikatta
(Cockfight) is another favourite sport for the people. Nagaradhane
(Snake worship) is practised in the
Tulu Nadu according to the popular
belief of the Naga Devatha to go underground and guard the species on
Udupi cuisine is popular across South India, mostly due to Udupi
restaurants, which are primarily vegetarian. Apart from Southern
India, there are famous
Udupi Hotels in Mumbai and New
Tulu Nadu was primarily dependent on agriculture and
fishing. The main crops grown were rice, Bengal gram, horse gram,
vegetables and fruits. Plantation crops like coconut, areca nut,
cocoa, cashew nut, and pepper are also grown. In the early 20th
Mangalore tile industry, cashew nut processing, and the
banking industry grew substantially.
Tulu Nadu is called "the cradle
of Indian banking". Five major banks of
India (Syndicate Bank,
Canara Bank, Corporation Bank,
Vijaya Bank and
Karnataka Bank) have
their origins here.
1906; 112 years ago (1906)
Shri Ammembal Subba Rao Pai
1924; 94 years ago (1924)
1931; 87 years ago (1931)
Shri A B Shetty
1925; 93 years ago (1925)
T M A Pai, Upendra Pai and Vaman Kudva
1906; 112 years ago (1906)
Khan Bahadur Haji Abdulla Haji Kasim Saheb Bahadur
In the early part of the 21st century the area has been transforming
itself into a hub of the information technology and medical services
industries. There has been large-scale decline in agriculture and
related industries due to the non-availability of labour and
preference for white-collar jobs. Agricultural land is being converted
to commercial and real estate properties, and environmental pollution
is increasing drastically due to large-scale deforestation and
increase in automobile use. A public sector petroleum refinery (MRPL)
was established in the 1990s. Some chemical plants (e.g., fertilizers
and pesticides) have been established. This region contributes the
second highest revenue to
Karnataka state after the city of Bangalore.
This region has an international airport at
Mangalore which is well
connected to the rest of
India and middle eastern countries. New
Mangalore port (NMPT) is one of the major port of
India is located at
Tulu Nadu is the most prominent
Educational Hub on the western coast
of India. There are hundreds of professional colleges in Tulu Nadu.
Thousands of students from all over
India and countries abroad study
in these institutions.
Manipal are the major cities that
accommodate these students. National Institute of Technology Karnataka
(NITK, Surathkal, owned by Central Government) is ranked as one of the
best engineering college in
Karnataka and is one among the top ten
engineering colleges of India. KMC
Manipal is one among the top
ten Medical Colleges in
India and stands at sixth position
Mangalore (Dakshina Kannada) and
Christians/Protestant missions run many educational institutions
offering basic education to Academic degrees and professional
education such as Medical (e.g. Father Muller's Medical College),
Engineering (e.g. Canara Engineering College) and Management education
(St Aloysius Management College).
Madhwacharya — Hindu saint and philosopher
Sri Krishna DevaRaya — The emperor of Vijayanagar.
Tuluva dynasty rulers of Vijayanagara
Gopalakrishna Adiga —
Rani Abbakka Devi — Popular queen of Tulunadu
Janardhana Poojary — Former Union Minister of State for Finance in
Government of India
V. S. Acharya
V. S. Acharya — Former Higher education minister in the Karnataka
V. Dhananjay Kumar
V. Dhananjay Kumar - Former Union minister of
India and a former
Member of Parliament from Mangalore
Aravind Adiga — Writer and journalist who won the
Booker Prize in
Ashish Kumar Ballal
Ashish Kumar Ballal — Former captain of the Indian National Hockey
Yograj Bhat —
Kannada cinema film director, producer, screenwriter
and a lyricist
Bollywood and Tollywood music director, head of
Columbia Records in India
George Fernandes — Former Railway and Defence Minister
Bannanje Govindacharya — Madhava scholar
Gurukiran — Singer, music director in the
Kannada film industry
Ganesh Hegde — Singer, performer, video director and Bollywood
K. S. Hegde — Former Speaker of
Lok Sabha and Supreme Court Judge
Nitte Santosh Hegde
Nitte Santosh Hegde — Former justice of the Supreme Court Of India,
former Solicitor General of India, and
Lokayukta (ombudsman) for
Karnataka State of
India from 2006–2011
Veerendra Heggade — Philanthropist and the Dharmadhikari (hereditary
administrator) of the
K. V. Kamath
K. V. Kamath — Chairman of Infosys Limited
M. V. Kamath — Journalist and former Chairman of Prasar Bharthi
B. V. Karanth
B. V. Karanth — Playwright and director
Aishwarya Rai, belongs to a Tuluva Bunt community from Tulu nadu
K. Shivaram Karanth
K. Shivaram Karanth —
Kannada writer, social activist,
Yakshagana artist, film maker and thinker
Isha Koppikar —
Kadri Gopalnath - One of the pioneers of
Carnatic music on the
Shirish Kunder —
Bollywood director and Producer
Budhi Kunderan — Cricketer
Sheetal Mallar — Model who won the
Femina Look of the Year
Femina Look of the Year in 1994
V. Manohar — Music director, lyricist, film director and actor in
Veerappa Moily — Minister of Corporate Affairs and former chief
minister of Karnataka
Daya Nayak — Sub-inspector in the Mumbai Police
Anant Pai — Educationist and creator of Indian comics
M. Govinda Pai
M. Govinda Pai —
T. M. A. Pai
T. M. A. Pai — Doctor, educationist, banker and philanthropist who
founded the university town of
Manipal in Udupi
Suman Talwar — Actor
Prakash Raj — Actor, director and producer who won the National
Award winner in 2008
V. T. Rajshekar — Journalist, founder and editor of the Dalit Voice
U. R. Rao
U. R. Rao — Space scientist and former chairman of the Indian Space
Research Organisation (ISRO)
Kannada poet and writer
Victor Rodrigues — Konkani novelist and short story writer
V. J. P. Saldanha — Konkani littérateur, dramatist, novelist,
short-story writer and poet
Vittal Mallya — Entrepreneur
Vijay Mallya — Liquor and airline baron
Aishwarya Rai —
Bollywood actress and former Miss World
Rakshit Shetty —
Kannada Actor, Producer and Director
Anushka Shetty — actress
B. R. Shetty
B. R. Shetty — Dubai-based entrepreneur
Devi Shetty — philanthropist and cardiac surgeon, recipient of the
Padma Bhushan civilian award
Shilpa Shetty —
Bollywood film actress and model
Srinidhi Ramesh Shetty — Miss Supranational 2016
Sunil Shetty —
Bollywood film actor, producer and entrepreneur
Rohit Shetty —
Bollywood film director, cinematographer and
Kannada actor, director, producer, screenwriter, lyricist
D. V. Sadananda Gowda
D. V. Sadananda Gowda — served as 20th Chief Minister of Karnataka,
currently serving as Vice President of the Bharatiya Janata Party
Prakash Bare — Actor and producer
Satish Acharya — cartoonist
Avantika Shetty —
Rishab Shetty —
Kannada Actor and Director
Freida Pinto — Actress and model
Ravi Basrur —
Director and Director
Pooja Hegde - Actress and Model
Tulu Nadu state movement
List of temples in Tulu Nadu
^ "Tourism in DK District". National Informatics Centre, Karnataka
State Unit. Retrieved 26 March 2008.
^ "Tour to Udupi". Tourism of India. Retrieved 26 March 2008.
^ a b c "Census GIS India". Census of India. Retrieved 26 March
^ "Tulu Nadu, Kasaragod, Kerala,
www.keralatourism.org. Retrieved 2016-12-12.
^ a b Bhat, N. Shyam (1998). South Kanara, 1799-1860: A Study in
Colonial Administration and Regional Response. Mittal Publications.
pp. 17–45. ISBN 9788170995869. Retrieved 18 April
^ "Tulu Nadu: The Land and its People by Dr. Neria H. Hebbar". Boloji.
^ "Brahmins of
Tulu Nadu - MADHWA SAMAJAM KOLLAM". sites.google.com.
^ "News headlines". DHNS. 21 October 2006. Retrieved 4 September
^ "Tulu organisations to meet soon". The Hindu. 6 March 2008.
Retrieved 4 September 2016.
^ "ScriptSource - Tulu (Tigalari)". scriptsource.org. Retrieved
^ "Census of
India - Statement 1". Registrar General & Census
Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
^ Lewis, M. Paul, ed. (2009), "Tulu", Ethnologue: Languages of the
World (16th ed.), SIL International, retrieved 2009-11-12.
^ a b D.N.S. Bhat (1998). Sanford B. Steever, ed. The Dravidian
Languages. Routledge. p. 158. ISBN 0-415-10023-2.
^ Dr. K Padmanabha Kekunnaya. "Tulu Language and Script - Shivalli
Brahmins". Shivalli Brahmins. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
^ Lozupone, Patsy; Beehler, Bruce M.; Ripley, Sidney Dillon (2004).
Ornithological gazetteer of the Indian subcontinent. Center for
Applied Biodiversity Science, Conservation International. p. 82.
Udupi Philosopher Personalities". Karnataka.com.
2011-10-07. Retrieved 2016-12-12.
^ "Yakshagana". SZCC, Tamil Nadu. Archived from the original on 17
August 2007. Retrieved 7 December 2007.
^ Plunkett, Richard (2001). South India. Lonely Planet. p. 53.
^ Stanley G. Pinto (26 October 2001). "Human 'tigers' face threat to
health". The Times of India. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
^ Stephen D'Souza. "What's in a Name?". Daijiworld Media Pvt Ltd
Mangalore. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
^ "Nagarapanchami Naadige Doddadu". Mangalorean.com. 18 August 2007.
Retrieved 26 May 2013.
^ "Canara Bank :: About Us :: Profile". www.canarabank.com.
^ "Welcome to
Karnataka Bank Ltd". www.karnatakabank.com. Retrieved
^ "Vijaya Bank". www.vijayabank.com. Retrieved 2016-10-23.
^ "Syndicate Bank- ourprofile". www.syndicatebank.in. Retrieved
^ "History Corporation Bank". www.corpbank.com. Retrieved
^ Gavin Shatkin (14 August 2013). "Chapter 10 : Planning
Mangalore: Garbage Collection in a Small Indian City". Contesting the
Indian City: Global Visions and the Politics of the Local. John Wiley
& Sons. ISBN 978-1-118-29584-7.
^ "NITK Surathkal - Info, Ranking, Cutoff & Placements 2016
College Pravesh". College Pravesh. 2016-09-26. Retrieved
^ "Top ten Medical Colleges of India". Tack-in.com. 31 July 2007.
Retrieved 26 May 2013.
^ "Top Medical Colleges in India". Knowurcollege.com. Retrieved 26 May
^ "Aishwarya Rai, Abhishek Bachchan participate in event organised by
Bunt community Latest News & Updates at Daily News &
Analysis". dna. 2010-12-27. Retrieved 2016-12-12.
Bhat, P. Gururaja (1975). "Studies in Tuluva history and culture:
(from the pre-historic times upto the modern)".
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tulu Nadu.
Tulu Nadu - Samajika Chariteyalli ondu samshodhanatmaka Vivechane
(History of Tulunadu)
World Tulu Conference
Tuluvas Social Networking
Tulu Nadu: The Land and Its People
Mangalore Home Page
History of tulunad – udupipages.com
South Canara Gazetteer 1973
A Research on Tulunadu and Tuluvas
Places adjacent to Tulu Nadu
Kodagu and Hassan
Culture of Tulu Nadu
Koti and Chennayya
Epic of Siri
South India articles
Venad (Kingdom of Quilon)
Kingdom of Cochin
Kingdom of Mysore
Zamorin of Calicut
Protected areas of Tamil Nadu
Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve
coastal moist forests
South Western Ghats
moist deciduous forests
Syrian Malabar Nasranis
Hindustani classical music
Communities in Mangalore
Proposed states and territories of India
Awadh (Uttar Pradesh)
Baghelkhand (Uttar Pradesh/Madhya Pradesh)
Bhojpur (Uttar Pradesh/Bihar)
Bundelkhand (Uttar Pradesh/Madhya Pradesh)
Chola Nadu (Tamil Nadu)
Coastal Andhra (Andhra Pradesh)
Dogradesh (Jammu and Kashmir)
Gird (Madhya Pradesh)
Gondwana (Madhya Pradesh/Chhattisgarh/Odisha)
Gorkhaland (West Bengal)
Harit Pradesh (Uttar Pradesh)
Kamtapur (West Bengal)
Kashmir (Jammu and Kashmir)
Kongu Nadu (Tamil Nadu)
Mahakoshal (Madhya Pradesh)
Malwa (Madhya Pradesh)
Male Nadu (Karnataka)
Maru Pradesh (Rajasthan)
Nagalim (Nagaland/Assam/Arunachal Pradesh)
Pandya Nadu (Tamil Nadu)
Panun Kashmir (Jammu and Kashmir)
Purvanchal (Uttar Pradesh)
Rayalaseema (Andhra Pradesh)
Tulu Nadu (Karnataka/Kerala)
Vindhya Pradesh (Madhya Pradesh)
Uttarandhra (Andhra Pradesh)
Karbi Anglong (Assam)
Ladakh (Jammu and Kashmir)
Current states and