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A trophy is a tangible, durable reminder of a specific achievement, and serves as recognition or evidence of merit. Trophies are often awarded for sporting events, from youth sports to professional level athletics. In many sports medals (or, in North America, rings) are often given out either as the trophy or along with more traditional trophies. Originally the word trophy, derived from the Greek tropaion, referred to arms, standards, other property, or human captives and body parts (e.g., headhunting) captured in battle. These war trophies commemorated the military victories of a state, army or individual combatant. In modern warfare trophy taking is discouraged,[1] but this sense of the word is reflected in hunting trophies and human trophy collecting by serial killers.

Unique 3D printed trophy for Essenscia, the Belgian Federation for Chemistry and Life Sciences industries.

A slang term for an individual or team's collection of trophies is silverware.[citation needed]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Types 4 Sporting

4.1 Football 4.2 Gaelic Football 4.3 Hurling 4.4 Tennis 4.5 Motorsport 4.6 Rugby league 4.7 Rugby union 4.8 Cricket 4.9 Sailing 4.10 Australian rules football 4.11 ESports 4.12 Darts 4.13 Golf 4.14 American and Canadian sports

5 Military 6 Professional awards 7 Hunting 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links

Etymology[edit] Further information: Tropaion Trophies have marked victories since ancient times. The word trophy, coined in English in 1550, was derived from the French trophée in 1513, "a prize of war", from Old French trophee, from Latin trophaeum, monument to victory, variant of tropaeum, which in turn is the latinisation of the Greek τρόπαιον (tropaion),[2] the neuter of τροπαῖος (tropaios), "of defeat" or "for defeat", but generally "of a turning" or "of a change",[3] from τροπή (tropē), "a turn, a change"[4] and that from the verb τρέπω (trepo), "to turn, to alter".[5][6] In ancient Greece, trophies were made on the battlefields of victorious battles, from captured arms and standards, and were hung upon a tree or a large stake made to resemble a warrior. Often, these ancient trophies were inscribed with a story of the battle and were dedicated to various gods. Trophies made about naval victories sometimes consisted of entire ships (or what remained of them) laid out on the beach. To destroy a trophy was considered a sacrilege.[7] The ancient Romans kept their trophies closer to home. The Romans built magnificent trophies in Rome, including columns and arches atop a foundation. Most of the stone trophies that once adorned huge stone memorials in Rome have been long since stolen.[8] History[edit] In ancient Greece, the winners of the Olympic games initially received no trophies except laurel wreaths. Later the winner also received an amphora with sacred olive oil. In local games, the winners received different trophies, such as a tripod vase, a bronze shield or a silver cup. In ancient Rome, money usually was given to winners instead of trophies. Chalices were given to winners of sporting events at least as early as the very late 1600s in the New World. For example, the Kyp Cup
Cup
(made by silversmith Jesse Kyp), a small, two-handled, sterling cup in the Henry Ford Museum, was given to the winner of a horse race between two towns in New England in about 1699. Chalices, particularly, are associated with sporting events, and were traditionally made in silver. Winners of horse races, and later boating and early automobile races, were the typical recipients of these trophies. The Davis Cup, Stanley Cup, America's Cup
America's Cup
and numerous World Cups are all now famous cup-shaped trophies given to sports winners.[8] Today, the most common trophies are much less expensive, and thus much more pervasive, thanks to mass-produced plastic/resin trophies. The oldest sports trophies in the world are the Carlisle Bells, a horse racing trophy dating back to 1559 and 1599 and were first awarded by Elizabeth I. The race has been run for over 400 years in Carlisle, Cumbria, United Kingdom. The bells are on show at the local museum, Tullie House, which houses a variety of historic artifacts from the area from Roman legions to present day.[9][better source needed] Types[edit]

A trophy held by women's weightlifter Karyn Marshall
Karyn Marshall
made of wood and metal.

Contemporary trophies often depict an aspect of the event commemorated, for example in basketball tournaments, the trophy takes the shape of a basketball player, or a basketball. Trophies have been in the past objects of use such as two-handled cups, bowls, or mugs (all usually engraved); or representations such as statues of people, animals, and architecture while displaying words, numbers or images. While trophies traditionally have been made with metal figures, wood columns, and wood bases, in recent years they have been made with plastic figures and marble bases. This is to retain the weight traditionally associated with a quality award and make them more affordable to use as recognition items. Trophies increasingly have used resin depictions. The Academy Awards
Academy Awards
Oscar is a trophy with a stylized human; the Hugo Award for science fiction is a space ship; and the Wimbledon awards for its singles champions are a large loving cup for men and a large silver plate for women. A loving-cup trophy is a common variety of trophy; it is a cup shape, usually on a pedestal, with two or more handles, and is often made from silver or silver plate.[10] Hunting
Hunting
trophies are reminders of successes from hunting animals, such as an animal's head mounted to be hung on a wall. Perpetual trophies are held by the winner until the next event, when the winner must compete again in order to keep the trophy. In some competitions winners in a certain number of consecutive or non-consecutive events receive the trophy or its copy in permanent ownership. Sporting[edit] Some sporting trophies include: Football[edit]

The Copa Libertadores
Copa Libertadores
Trophy
Trophy
being lifted by José Luis Calderón
José Luis Calderón
of winning team Estudiantes (2009).

The FA Cup
Cup
in 2008.

Some of the world's most famous football trophies are:

FIFA World Cup
Cup
Trophy
Trophy
— Awarded to the winners of the FIFA World Cup from the 1974 FIFA World Cup
Cup
onwards. Previous winners were awarded the Jules Rimet Trophy
Jules Rimet Trophy
(known simply as Victory until 1949), which was awarded in perpetuity to Brazil after their 3rd win in the 1970 FIFA World Cup. Both are referred to colloquially as the World Cup Copa Libertadores
Copa Libertadores
Trophy
Trophy
— Known simply as Libertadores or Copa, awarded to the winners of the Copa Libertadores
Copa Libertadores
since 1960. It is one of the most prestigious laurels in the Western Hemisphere. European Champion Clubs' Cup
Cup
- colloquially the European Cup, awarded to the winners of the European Cup
Cup
(before 1992–93) and the UEFA Champions League (since 1992–93). It is the most prestigious trophy in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is affectionately known as "old big ears" due to its shape. The FA Cup
Cup
— Awarded to winners of the primary English domestic football knockout tournament, officially The Football Association Challenge Cup, often referred to as just the FA Cup. The FA Cup
Cup
was inaugurated in 1871 and is therefore the oldest tournament in club football. The original trophy, however, was stolen in 1895 and the current trophy design, which was first awarded in 1911, is actually the fifth incarnation in total. The Scottish Cup
Cup
— Awarded to the winners of the primary domestic knockout cup tournament of Scotland (the Scottish Football Association Challenge Cup, or just Scottish Cup). The tournament was founded in 1873 and still presents the original trophy. The Scottish Cup
Cup
is therefore the world's oldest national football trophy and second oldest national trophy, behind the Carlisle Bells race trophy dating back to 1599.

The original Jules Rimet Trophy
Jules Rimet Trophy
was stolen in Brazil in 1983 and has never been recovered. Replicas were awarded to winning nations up to the retirement of the genuine trophy. However, prior to the 1966 final, The Football Association
The Football Association
made an (unauthorised) replica in secret in gilded bronze for use in post-match celebrations due to security concerns – the genuine trophy was made out of close to 2 kg of pure gold. This has led to several conspiracy theories regarding which trophy was stolen – the FA replica, or the real trophy. FIFA purchased the replica for £254,500 (ten times the reserve price) in 1997, with the inflated price attributed to such rumours.[11] This trophy is held on behalf of FIFA by the National Football Museum in Preston. The current FIFA World Cup
Cup
trophy inscribe the names of the teams that won the award at the underneath the base of the trophy. A club that manages to win the Copa Libertadores
Copa Libertadores
trophy three consecutive times retain the trophy permanently. The current trophy has been used since 1975. Like the FIFA World Cup
Cup
trophy, the winners of each edition of the tournament has their name inscribed on the trophy; unlike the FIFA World Cup
Cup
trophy, a pedestal contains a list of winners in the form of badges. The current pedestal is the fourth in the trophy's history, having been used since 2009. The original trophy was awarded to Estudiantes de La Plata
Estudiantes de La Plata
in 1970 (after their third win) - the present trophy is the third, identical edition.[12] Until 2009, clubs that win the European Champion Clubs' Cup
Cup
three times in successive seasons, or five times in total, were permitted to retain the trophy in perpetuity. The present trophy has been used since 2005–06 after Liverpool's fifth win in 2005. The original trophy was awarded to Real Madrid in 1966 (after their sixth win) — the present trophy is the sixth incarnation overall. Four trophies have served as an award (out of five made) for the winner of the FA Cup. The first (1871–1895) was stolen in Birmingham and melted down, the second (1896–1910) was presented to Lord Kinnaird and is held by David Gold, the chairman of Birmingham
Birmingham
City after private auction in 2005. The third (1910–1992) was retired after the 1992 final due to fragility and is held by The Football Association; two exact replicas of it were made, one of which has been awarded to the winners (1993–2013), the other remains as a backup in case of damage to the primary trophy. The same design was recast and was unveiled in 2014 to be more durable. Gaelic Football[edit]

Sam Maguire Cup
Cup
- Awarded to the winners of the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship.

Hurling[edit]

Liam MacCarthy Cup
Cup
- Awarded to the winners of the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship.

Tennis[edit]

Wimbledon tennis trophies - although having no formal name, a cup is presented to the Wimbledon Men's (Gentlemen's) Singles Champion (The All England Lawn Tennis Club Single Handed Champion of the World, as stated on the cup itself). The women's (Ladies) Singles winner is presented with the Venus Rosewater Dish. Other trophies are presented to the winners of the Doubles and Mixed Doubles.

Motorsport[edit]

Borg-Warner Trophy
Borg-Warner Trophy
— Awarded to the Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
Champion. Harley J. Earl Trophy
Harley J. Earl Trophy
— Awarded to the Daytona 500
Daytona 500
Champion. APBA Gold Cup
Cup
— Awarded to the Detroit Gold Cup
Cup
H1 Unlimited Champion.

Rugby league[edit]

Challenge Cup, rugby league's oldest knock-out competition. Notable for the wide range of teams which start, some taken from amateur ranks, "developing nations" and university teams.

Rugby union[edit]

Webb Ellis Cup
Cup
– Awarded to rugby union's World Champion Bledisloe Cup
Cup
– Awarded annually to the winner between New Zealand and Australia. Calcutta Cup
Cup
– Awarded annually to the winner between England and Scotland in rugby union

Cricket[edit]

Cricket World Cup
Cup
Trophy
Trophy
- Awarded to the Winners of the ICC Cricket World Cup. The Ashes
The Ashes
Urn – widely considered to be presented as a trophy to the winning team of the biennial cricket test series between England and Australia. However, the urn itself was never a trophy and remains in the MCC Cricket Museum at Lord's Cricket Ground. Only from 1998–99 were the winners of the Ashes presented with a replica (not to scale) of the urn in Waterford Crystal.

Sailing[edit]

America's Cup
America's Cup
– Awarded to Yacht Racing Champion

Australian rules football[edit]

McClelland Trophy – Awarded to the Australian Football League's Home & Away season / Minor Premiership champion. AFL Premiership Cup
Cup
– Awarded to the Australian Football League's Premier/ Winner of the AFL Grand Final

ESports[edit]

Summoner's Cup
Cup
- Awarded to the winning team of the League of Legends World Championship.

Darts[edit]

Sid Waddell trophy - Awarded to the winner of the PDC World Darts Championship. Gillam Trophy
Trophy
- A prestigious New Zealand darts trophy.

Golf[edit]

Claret Jug — Awarded to the winner of The Open Championship. Ryder Cup
Cup
— Awarded to the winner of a biennial competition between Europe and the USA.

American and Canadian sports[edit]

The Stanley Cup
Stanley Cup
is awarded to the champions of the National Hockey League's Stanley Cup
Stanley Cup
Finals

College Football Playoff National Championship Trophy
College Football Playoff National Championship Trophy
– Awarded to the winner of the College Football
College Football
Playoff Heisman Trophy – Awarded to the NCAA's Most Valuable Player in College Football BCS Trophy
Trophy
– Awarded to College Football's National Champion Vanier Cup
Cup
– Awarded to the Canadian Interuniversity Sport football champion Grey Cup
Cup
– Awarded to the Canadian Football League's champion Calder Cup
Cup
– Awarded to the American Hockey League's playoff champion Stanley Cup
Stanley Cup
– Awarded to the National Hockey League's Stanley Cup Champion Sprint Cup
Cup
Trophy
Trophy
– Awarded to the NASCAR's Sprint Cup
Cup
Series Champion Commissioner's Trophy
Trophy
– Awarded to Major League Baseball's World Series Champion Vince Lombardi Trophy
Vince Lombardi Trophy
– Awarded to the National Football League's Super Bowl
Super Bowl
champion Larry O'Brien Championship Trophy – Awarded to the National Basketball Association's champion MLS Cup
Cup
– Awarded to the Major League Soccer's champion Mann Cup
Cup
– An Indoor Lacrosse
Indoor Lacrosse
trophy awarded to the senior men's lacrosse champions of Canada. Steinfeld Cup
Cup
– Awarded to the Major League Lacrosse
Major League Lacrosse
champion Champion's Cup
Cup
– Awarded to the National Lacrosse League
National Lacrosse League
champion Kentucky Derby Trophy
Kentucky Derby Trophy
– Awarded to the winner of the Kentucky Derby. Woodlawn Vase
Woodlawn Vase
– Awarded to the winner of the Preakness Stakes. Most valuable trophy in sports at $4,000,000+ US dollars. Designed by Tiffany & Co. in 1860 August Belmont Trophy
August Belmont Trophy
– Awarded to the winner of the Belmont Stakes. Memorial Cup
Cup
– Awarded to the winner of the Canadian Hockey League. Clarkson Cup
Cup
– Awarded to the top team in Canadian women's hockey. Wooden NCAA National Championship Trophy
Trophy
– Awarded to the winner of the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament

Many combat sports, such as boxing, mixed martial arts, and professional wrestling use championship belts as trophies; however, unlike most of the trophies mentioned above, a new one is not created every time a new champion is crowned; rather, the new champion takes the belt from the old one. Military[edit] The United States military
United States military
also issues a type of trophy which are known as "non-portable decorations". This indicates that the trophy carries the status of a military award, but is not meant to be worn on a uniform but rather is presented for static display. Such military trophies include athletic excellence awards, unit excellence awards, and superior service awards presented annually to the top service member of a command. Professional awards[edit] Many professional associations award trophies in recognition of outstanding work in their respective fields. Some examples of such awards include:

Academy Award
Academy Award
– Awarded by the American Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for excellence in the Film Industry. Collier Trophy
Collier Trophy
– Awarded by the US National Aeronautics Association for outstanding work in aviation engineering. Harmon Trophy
Harmon Trophy
– Awarded by the Clifford B. Harmon
Clifford B. Harmon
Trust for outstanding achievement in aviation or ballooning. Tony Award
Tony Award
– Awarded by the American Theatre Wing
American Theatre Wing
and The Broadway League for excellence in live theater in New York City. Emmy Award
Emmy Award
– Awarded by the Academy of Television
Television
Arts & Sciences and National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences for excellence in the Television
Television
industry. Grammy Award
Grammy Award
– Awarded by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences for excellence in the Music
Music
industry. Golden Globes
Golden Globes
– Awarded by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association recognizing excellence in film and television. The statuettes are manufactured by the New York firm Society Awards.[13] MTV
MTV
Video Music
Music
Award – Awarded by MTV
MTV
to honor the best in the music video medium. The moonman is manufactured by the New York firm Society Awards. Academy of Country Music
Music
Awards – Awarded for achievements in country music. The “hat” trophy is manufactured by the New York firm Society Awards. Billboard Music
Music
Award – Awarded by billboard to honor outstanding chart performance. The trophy is manufactured by the New York firm Society Awards.[14] NAACP Image Award – Awarded for excellence in film, television, music, and literature by outstanding people of color. The trophy is manufactured by the New York firm Society Awards.[15]

Hunting[edit] Main article: Trophy
Trophy
hunting In hunting, although competition trophies like those mentioned above can be awarded, the word trophy more typically refers to an item made from the body of a killed animal and kept as a keepsake. See taxidermy. See also[edit]

Acrylic trophy Championship belt Trophy
Trophy
wife Headhunting Salver PSN Trophies Achievement (video gaming) Eglinton Trophy Hales Trophy

References[edit]

^ "War Trophies". About.com
About.com
US Military. About.com. Archived from the original on 22 December 2010. Retrieved 24 May 2011.  ^ Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert. "τρόπαιον". A Greek-English Lexicon. Perseus Digital Library. Archived from the original on 2011-06-05.  ^ Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert. "τροπαῖος". A Greek-English Lexicon. Perseus Digital Library. Archived from the original on 2011-06-05.  ^ Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert. "τροπή". A Greek-English Lexicon. Perseus Digital Library. Archived from the original on 2011-06-05.  ^ Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert. "τρέπω". A Greek-English Lexicon. Perseus Digital Library. Archived from the original on 2011-06-05.  ^ "trophy". Online Etymological Dictionary. Archived from the original on 2009-03-31.  ^ "trophy". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 2010-08-02.  ^ a b "Trophy". How Products are made, volume 6. Archived from the original on 2009-08-28.  ^ Carlisle Bell ^ Noto, Suzanne. "Loving Cup
Cup
History". Silver
Silver
Gallery.  ^ Kuper, Simon (2006-04-14). "Solid gold mystery awaits the final whistle". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 2009-03-06.  ^ Lozano, Fernando (2010-05-03). "¿Sabías que el trofeo de la Copa Libertadores se hizo en el Perú?". ElComercio.com.pe. Archived from the original on 2011-01-11.  ^ Palermo, Elizabeth. "Golden Globe Creator Eyes the Prize All Year Long". businessnewsdaily.com. Business News Daily. Archived from the original on 13 October 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2014.  ^ King, Ted. "Famous awards made at Grove, Oklahoma". pryordailytimes.com. Pryor Daily Times. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2014.  ^ Knight, Meribah. "Why the manufacturer of the Oscars doesn't like how the story ends". chicagobusiness.com. Chicago Business. Archived from the original on 28 June 2017. Retrieved 18 June 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

Podnieks, Andrew; Hockey Hall of Fame
Hockey Hall of Fame
(2005). Silverware: Hockey Hall of Fame. HB Fenn and Company. ISBN 1-55168-296-6.  Osborne, Robert (2003). 75 Years of the Oscar: The Official History of the Academy Awards. Abbeville Press. ISBN 0-7892-0787-7. 

External links[edit]

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