The Info List - Trondheim

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(Norwegian pronunciation: [ˈtrɔnhæim]) (historically Kaupangen, Nidaros
and Trondhjem) is a city and municipality in Trøndelag
county, Norway. It has a population of 193 501 (pr.4 kvartal 2017), and is the third most populous municipality in Norway, although the fourth largest urban area. It is the third largest city in the country, with a population (2013) of 169,972 inhabitants within the city borders.[6] Trondheim
lies on the south shore of Trondheim Fjord at the mouth of the River Nidelva. The city is dominated by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
(NTNU), the Foundation for Scientific and Industrial Research (SINTEF), St. Olavs University Hospital and other technology-oriented institutions. The settlement was founded in 997 as a trading post, and it served as the capital of Norway
during the Viking Age
Viking Age
until 1217. From 1152 to 1537, the city was the seat of the Catholic Archdiocese of Nidaros; since then, it has remained the seat of the Lutheran Diocese of Nidaros
and the Nidaros
Cathedral. It was incorporated in 1838. The current municipality dates from 1964, when Trondheim
merged with Byneset, Leinstrand, Strinda
and Tiller. The city functions as the seat of the County Mayor
of Trøndelag county, but not as the administrative centre, which is Steinkjer. This is to make the county more efficient and not too centralized, as Trøndelag
is the second largest county in Norway.


1 Names and etymology 2 History

2.1 Municipal history 2.2 Coat-of-arms and seal 2.3 Jewish history

3 Geography

3.1 Climate 3.2 Fauna

4 Cityscape and sites

4.1 Nidaros
Cathedral 4.2 Other churches 4.3 Museums

5 Government

5.1 Municipal council

5.1.1 2011 election

6 Education and research 7 Media 8 Culture

8.1 Stage 8.2 Music 8.3 Film 8.4 Sports and recreation

8.4.1 Major sports teams 8.4.2 Major championships hosted

8.5 Student culture 8.6 In popular culture

9 Transportation 10 Twin towns and sister cities 11 Notable people 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

Names and etymology[edit]

The flag of Trondheim
is one of the few Norwegian municipal flags that is not the banner of arms of the municipal coat of arms.

See also: Names of Trondheim
in different languages The city was originally given the name by Olav Tryggvason. It was for a long time called Nidaros
(English: Mouth of the river Nid), or Niðaróss in the Old Norse
Old Norse
spelling. But it was also just called kaupangr ("city") or, more specifically, kaupangr í Þróndheimi ("the city in the district Þróndheimr", i.e. Trøndelag). In the late Middle Ages
Middle Ages
people started to call the city just Þróndheimr. In the Dano-Norwegian period, during the years as a provincial town in the united kingdoms of Denmark–Norway, the city name was spelled Trondhjem. Following the example set by the renaming of the capital Kristiania to Oslo, Nidaros
was reintroduced as the official name of the city for a brief period from 1 January 1930 until 6 March 1931. The name was restored in order to reaffirm the city's link with its glorious past, despite the fact that a 1928 referendum on the name of the city had resulted in 17,163 votes in favour of Trondhjem and only 1,508 votes in favour of Nidaros.[7] Public outrage later in the same year, even taking the form of riots, forced the Storting
to settle for the medieval city name Trondheim. The name of the diocese was, however, changed from Trondhjem stift to Nidaros
bispedømme (English: Diocese of Nidaros) in 1918. Briefly during the Second World War
Second World War
has been named Drontheim, as a German exonym. Historically, Trondheimen indicates the area around Trondheim
Fjord. The spelling Trondhjem was officially rejected, but many still prefer that spelling of the city's name. History[edit]

The Old Town Bridge
Old Town Bridge
of Trondheim

For the ecclesiastical history, see Archiepiscopate of Nidaros

was named Kaupangen (English: market place or trading place) by Viking
King Olav Tryggvason
Olav Tryggvason
in 997.[citation needed] Shortly thereafter it came to be called Nidaros. In the beginning it was frequently used as a military retainer (Old Norse: "hird"-man) of King Olav I. It was frequently used as the seat of the king, and was the capital of Norway
until 1217. People have been living in the region for thousands of years as evidenced by the rock carvings in central Norway, the Nøstvet and Lihult cultures and the Corded Ware culture. In ancient times, the Kings of Norway
were hailed at Øretinget in Trondheim, the place for the assembly of all free men by the mouth of the River Nidelva. Harald Fairhair (865–933) was hailed as the king here, as was his son, Haakon I, called 'the Good'. The battle of Kalvskinnet
took place in Trondheim
in 1179: King Sverre Sigurdsson
Sverre Sigurdsson
and his Birkebeiner
warriors were victorious against Erling Skakke (a rival to the throne). Some scholars believe that the famous Lewis chessmen, 12th century chess pieces carved from walrus ivory found in the Hebrides
and now at the British Museum, may have been made in Trondheim.[citation needed] Trondheim
was the seat of the Archbishop
of Nidaros
for Norway
from 1152, who operated from the Archbishop's Palace. Due to the introduction of Lutheran Protestantism in 1537, the last Archbishop, Olav Engelbrektsson, had to flee from the city to the Netherlands, where he died in present-day Lier, Belgium. The city has experienced several major fires. Since much of the city was made of wooden buildings, many of the fires caused severe damage. Great fires ravaged the city in 1598, 1651, 1681, 1708, twice in 1717, 1742, 1788, 1841 and 1842; however, these were only the worst cases and there have been several smaller fires in the city. The 1651 fire destroyed 90% of all buildings within the city limits. The fire in 1681 (the "Horneman Fire") led to an almost total reconstruction of the city, overseen by General Johan Caspar von Cicignon, originally from Luxembourg. Broad avenues like Munkegaten were created, with no regard for property rights, in order to stop the next fire. At the time, the city had a population of roughly 8000 inhabitants.[citation needed] After the Treaty of Roskilde
Treaty of Roskilde
on 26 February 1658, Trondheim
and the rest of Trøndelag, became Swedish territory for a brief period, but the area was reconquered 10 months later. The conflict was finally settled by the Treaty of Copenhagen
on 27 May 1660.

City Map of Trondheim
in 1898, Norwegian edition

During the Second World War, Trondheim
was occupied by Nazi Germany from 9 April 1940, the first day of the invasion of Norway, until the end of the war in Europe, 8 May 1945. The German invasion force consisted of the German cruiser Admiral Hipper, 4 destroyers and 1700 Austrian Mountain troops. Other than a coastal battery opening fire, there was no resistance to the invasion on 9 April at 5 AM. On 14 and 17 April, British and French forces landed near Trondheim
in a failed attempt to liberate Trondheim
as part of the Namsos
Campaign.[citation needed] During the occupation, Trondheim
was the home of the notorious Norwegian Gestapo agent, Henry Rinnan, who operated from a nearby villa and infiltrated Norwegian Resistance groups. The city and its citizens were also subject to harsh treatment by the occupying powers, including imposition of martial law in October 1942. During this time the Germans turned the city and its environs into a major base for submarines (which included building the large submarine base and bunker DORA I), and also contemplated a scheme to build a new city for 300,000 inhabitants, Nordstern
("Northern Star"), centred 15 kilometres (9 miles) southwest of Trondheim, near the wetlands of Øysand
in the outskirts of Melhus
municipality. This new metropolis was to be accompanied by a massively expanded version of the already existing naval base, which was intended to become the primary future stronghold of the German Kriegsmarine. Today, there are few physical remains of this enormous construction project.[8] Municipal history[edit] The city of Trondheim
was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). On 1 January 1864, part of Strinda
(population: 1,229) was amalgamated with Trondheim. Then, on 1 January 1893, another part of Strinda
(population: 4,097) was transferred to Trondheim. On 1 January 1952, the Lade area of Strinda
(population: 2,230) was transferred to Trondheim. On 1 January 1964, a major municipal merger took place: the neighbouring municipalities of Leinstrand
(population: 4,193), Byneset
(population: 2,049), Strinda (population: 44,600), and Tiller (population: 3,595) were all merged with the city of Trondheim
(population: 56,982), which nearly doubled the population of the municipality.[9] A transfer of Klæbu (population: 6,050) to Trondheim
is planned for 1 January 2020.[10] Coat-of-arms and seal[edit] See also: Flag of Trondheim The coat-of-arms dates back to the 13th century. To the left, there is an archbishop with his staff and mitre in a church archway. On the right, a crowned king holding scales in a castle archway. These two pictures rest on a base which forms an arch. Underneath that arch, are three male heads which symbolise the city's rank as Norway's first capital and the archbishop's place of residence. The scales symbolise justice and the motif is based on the political philosophy of the 13th century, where the balance of power between king and church was an important issue. The three heads at the bottom may symbolise the city council. The motif is unique in Norwegian municipal heraldry, but similar motifs are found in bishopric cities on the continent. The design of the coat-of-arms that was adopted in 1897, and is still used today, was made by Håkon Thorsen.[11] Jewish history[edit] See also: Trondheim
Synagogue Jews
began to settle in Trondheim
in 1880, after the change of the Norwegian constitution in 1851, granting Jews
permission to settle in Norway.[12] The first synagogue in Trondheim
was established in 1899, and a newer one came into use by 1925. By 1900, 119 Jews
were living in Trondheim, reaching 260 by 1940. The Nazi regime confiscated the synagogue in 1941, and used it for military uses. In January 1942, the town Jews' identification cards were stamped with the letter "J", and confiscations started to be more and more common. Shortly after, Jews from Trondheim
began to emigrate to Sweden. The rest were sent to Auschwitz
in October 1942. In 1945, after the end of the war, around 80 Jews
returned to the city. Out of the 135 individuals sent to Auschwitz, only five remained in Norway. It is unclear how many others, if any, survived. The synagogue was repaired in 1947. In May 1997, a Jewish museum was opened in Trondheim. At the turn of the 21st century, 120 Jews
were living in Trondheim.[12] Geography[edit]

Autumn foliage along Nidelva; October 2009

is situated where the River Nidelva
meets Trondheim
Fjord with an excellent harbour and sheltered condition. The river used to be deep enough for most boats in the Middle Ages. An avalanche of mud and stones made it less navigable and partly ruined the harbour in the mid-17th century. The municipality's top elevation is the Storheia hill, 565 metres (1,854 ft) above sea level. At the summer solstice, the sun rises at 03:00 and sets at 23:40, but stays just below the horizon–there is no darkness (no need for artificial lighting outdoors) from 23 May to 19 July under cloud-free conditions.[13] At winter solstice, the sun rises at 10:01, stays very low above the horizon (at midday its altitude is slightly more than 3 degrees over the horizon), and sets at 14:31. Climate[edit]

Early winter in the hills near the city. Trondheim
municipality covers large areas outside the city itself.

city has a predominantly hemiboreal humid continental climate (Koppen: Dfb),[14] but closely borders on an oceanic or subpolar oceanic climate. The part of the municipality further away from the fjord has colder winters. The part close to the fjord, such as the city centre, has milder winters. Trondheim
is mostly sheltered from the strong south and southwesterly winds which can occur along the outer seaboard. Trondheim
experiences moderate snowfall from November to March,[15] but mixed with mild weather and rainfall. Based on the 1971–2000 average recorded at the airport, there are 14 days each winter with at least 25 cm (10 in) of snow cover on the ground and 22 days with a daily minimum temperature of −10 °C (14 °F) or less. There is often more snow and later snowmelt in suburban areas at somewhat higher elevation, such as Byåsen
and Heimdal, with good skiing conditions in Bymarka. Spring often sees much sunshine, but nights can be chilly. Temperatures have tended to be warmer in recent years. The Trøndelag
area has seen average temperatures increase by almost 2 °C (3.6 °F) in the last 25 years.[16] All the monthly record lows are from 1955 or older, with half of them from before 1920. The all-time high was recorded 22 July 1901, and the all-time low in February 1899. The most exceptional record is the May record low −9.6 °C (15 °F) from 1900, 3.7 °C colder than the second coldest May night. The earliest weather stations were located closer to the city centre (Trondheim, 58 m), but from 1945 the only weather station has been located further form the centre and at a higher elevation (Voll, 127 m and Tyholt, 113 m) thus at a colder location. The lapse rate is approximately 0.6 °C (1.1 °F) per 100 m (328 ft), so the city centre will be about 0.6 °C (1.1 °F) warmer than Voll, while higher altitudes than Voll will be accordingly colder. Three of the monthly record highs are from after 2000. From 1982 - 1996 the city had no weather stations recording temperature, so in this period Trondheim Airport
Trondheim Airport
is used for averages. Temperatures have warmed in recent decades. The last overnight frost in June was in 1958, and the coldest night in May after year 2000 had low -2.7 °C. A new sunrecorder was established by met.no in the city at Gløshaugen
in late 2015, and recorded 1,592 sunhours in 2016 [17] and 1,576 sunhours in 2017. Earlier sunrecorders had blocking issues due to terrain.

Climate data for Trondheim
1981-2010 (Voll, 127 m, extremes 1870-2016 also includes earlier stations)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 13.5 (56.3) 12.6 (54.7) 14.6 (58.3) 21.1 (70) 26.7 (80.1) 31.2 (88.2) 35.0 (95) 30.4 (86.7) 26.0 (78.8) 20.4 (68.7) 15.4 (59.7) 13.2 (55.8) 35 (95)

Average high °C (°F) 1.2 (34.2) 1.5 (34.7) 4.2 (39.6) 8.5 (47.3) 13.4 (56.1) 16.2 (61.2) 18.9 (66) 18.0 (64.4) 14.1 (57.4) 9.1 (48.4) 4.2 (39.6) 1.7 (35.1) 9.25 (48.67)

Daily mean °C (°F) −1.9 (28.6) −1.6 (29.1) 0.9 (33.6) 4.9 (40.8) 9.2 (48.6) 12.5 (54.5) 15.0 (59) 14.2 (57.6) 10.6 (51.1) 6.1 (43) 1.4 (34.5) −1.3 (29.7) 5.83 (42.51)

Average low °C (°F) −4.9 (23.2) −4.7 (23.5) −2.5 (27.5) 1.1 (34) 5.1 (41.2) 8.5 (47.3) 11.0 (51.8) 10.4 (50.7) 7.0 (44.6) 3.0 (37.4) −1.3 (29.7) −4.3 (24.3) 2.37 (36.27)

Record low °C (°F) −25.0 (−13) −26.0 (−14.8) −22.7 (−8.9) −15.3 (4.5) −9.6 (14.7) −0.8 (30.6) 0.6 (33.1) 1.0 (33.8) −3.5 (25.7) −12.6 (9.3) −18.7 (−1.7) −24.0 (−11.2) −26 (−14.8)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 78.2 (3.079) 65.9 (2.594) 56.1 (2.209) 44.7 (1.76) 51.9 (2.043) 68.5 (2.697) 88.8 (3.496) 90.2 (3.551) 92.1 (3.626) 81.2 (3.197) 73.8 (2.906) 82.0 (3.228) 873.4 (34.386)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 14 13 12 10 11 12 12 14 14 14 13 14 153

Source #1: eklima.met.no[18]

Source #2: Meteo-climat[19]

Climate data for Trondheim Airport
Trondheim Airport
Værnes 1981 - 2010 (12 m, extremes 1946-2016)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 13.7 (56.7) 13.8 (56.8) 15.7 (60.3) 22.0 (71.6) 27.9 (82.2) 31.7 (89.1) 32.3 (90.1) 31.3 (88.3) 27.9 (82.2) 20.9 (69.6) 16.1 (61) 13.1 (55.6) 32.3 (90.1)

Average high °C (°F) 1.3 (34.3) 1.8 (35.2) 4.4 (39.9) 8.9 (48) 13.9 (57) 16.7 (62.1) 19.4 (66.9) 18.5 (65.3) 14.5 (58.1) 9.3 (48.7) 4.3 (39.7) 1.8 (35.2) 9.57 (49.2)

Daily mean °C (°F) −1.8 (28.8) −1.4 (29.5) 1.1 (34) 5.1 (41.2) 9.6 (49.3) 12.8 (55) 15.3 (59.5) 14.6 (58.3) 11.0 (51.8) 6.3 (43.3) 1.5 (34.7) −1.3 (29.7) 6.07 (42.93)

Average low °C (°F) −5 (23) −4.5 (23.9) −2.3 (27.9) 1.3 (34.3) 5.3 (41.5) 8.8 (47.8) 11.2 (52.2) 10.7 (51.3) 7.4 (45.3) 3.2 (37.8) −1.3 (29.7) −4.4 (24.1) 2.53 (36.57)

Record low °C (°F) −25.6 (−14.1) −25.5 (−13.9) −23.0 (−9.4) −13.9 (7) −4.7 (23.5) −0.2 (31.6) 2.3 (36.1) −0.3 (31.5) −4.9 (23.2) −10.8 (12.6) −19.0 (−2.2) −23.5 (−10.3) −25.6 (−14.1)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 74.7 (2.941) 64.7 (2.547) 54.2 (2.134) 44.4 (1.748) 55.3 (2.177) 69.6 (2.74) 87.4 (3.441) 91.8 (3.614) 94.1 (3.705) 83.6 (3.291) 69.4 (2.732) 82.0 (3.228) 871.2 (34.298)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 13 12 12 10 11 12 12 13 14 14 12 14 149

Source #1: Meteo climat stats

Source #2: eKlima/met.no

A panorama of Trondheim, Trondheim Fjord
Trondheim Fjord
and surrounding areas

Fauna[edit] The city has various wetland habitats. among which there is the Gaulosen. The observation tower accommodates for birdwatching and providing information about birdlife.[20] Despite Trondheim
being Norway's third largest city, wild animals can be seen. Otters and beavers thrive in Nidelva
and Bymarka.[21] Badgers and foxes are not uncommon sights. Moose
and deer are common in the hills surrounding the city, and might wander into the city, especially in May when the one-year-olds are chased away by their mothers, or in late winter when food grows scarce in the snow-covered higher regions. From 2002 until 2017, a wolverine lived in Bymarka.[22][23] Cityscape and sites[edit]

The Nidelva
flows through Trondheim
with old storehouses flanking both sides of this river. The Nidaros Cathedral
Nidaros Cathedral
and Old Town Bridge
Old Town Bridge
can be seen on the left side of this panorama.

Most of Trondheim
city centre is scattered with small speciality shops. However, the main shopping area is concentrated around the pedestrianised streets Nordre gate (English: Northern street), Olav Tryggvasons gate and Thomas Angells gate even though the rest of the city centre is provided with everything from old, well-established companies to new, hip and trendy shops.

Central Trondheim
as seen from the tower of the Nidaros
Cathedral looking towards Trondheim Fjord
Trondheim Fjord
and Munkholmen

The city's central square (Torvet)

In the mid- to late 1990s, the area surrounding the old drydock and ship construction buildings of the defunct Trondhjems mekaniske Værksted shipbuilding company at the Nedre Elvehavn
Nedre Elvehavn
was renovated and old industrial buildings were torn down to make way for condominiums. A shopping centre was also built, known as Solsiden (The Sunny Side). This is a popular residential and shopping area, especially for young people. DORA 1
is a German submarine base that housed the 13th U-boat
Flotilla during the Second World War
Second World War
occupation of Norway. Today the bunker houses various archives, among them the city archives, the university and state archives. More recently, DORA has been used as a concert venue. Kristiansten Fortress, built 1681–1684, is located on a hill east in Trondheim. It repelled the invading Swedes in 1718, but was decommissioned in 1816 by Crown Prince Regent Charles John. A statue of Olav Tryggvason, the founder of Trondheim, is located in the city's central square, mounted on top of an obelisk. The statue base is also a sun dial, but it is calibrated to UTC+1
so that the reading is inaccurate by one hour in the summer. The islet Munkholmen
is a popular tourist attraction and recreation site. The islet has served as a place of execution, a monastery, a fortress, prison, and a Second World War
Second World War
anti-aircraft gun station. Stiftsgården
is the royal residence in Trondheim, originally constructed in 1774 by Cecilie Christine Schøller. At 140 rooms constituting 4,000 square metres (43,056 sq ft), it is possibly the largest wooden building in Northern Europe, and has been used by royals and their guests since 1800. A statue of Leif Ericson
Leif Ericson
is located at the seaside, close to the old Customs Building, the cruise ship facilities and the new swimming hall. The statue is a replica, the original being located at a Seattle marina. Nidaros

Nidaros Cathedral
Nidaros Cathedral

The Nidaros Cathedral
Nidaros Cathedral
and the Archbishop's Palace are located side by side in the middle of the city centre. The cathedral, built from 1070 on, is the most important Gothic monument in Norway
and was Northern Europe's most important Christian pilgrimage site during the Middle Ages,[24] with pilgrimage routes leading to it from Oslo
in southern Norway
and from the Jämtland
and Värmland
regions of Sweden. Today, it is the northernmost medieval cathedral in the world, and the second largest in Scandinavia. During the Middle Ages, and again after independence was restored in 1814, the Nidaros Cathedral
Nidaros Cathedral
was the coronation church of the Norwegian kings. King Haakon VII was the last monarch to be crowned there, in 1906. Starting with King Olav V in 1957, coronation was replaced by consecration. In 1991, the present King Harald V and Queen Sonja were consecrated in the cathedral.[25] On 24 May 2002, their daughter Princess Märtha Louise married the writer Ari Behn
Ari Behn
in the cathedral.[26] The Pilgrim's Route
Pilgrim's Route
(Pilegrimsleden) to the site of Saint Olufs's tomb at Nidaros
Cathedral, has recently been re-instated. Also known as St. Olav's Way, (Sankt Olavs vei), the main route, which is approximately 640 kilometres (400 mi) long, starts in Oslo
and heads North, along Lake Mjøsa, up the valley Gudbrandsdalen, over the mountain range Dovrefjell
and down the Oppdal
valley to end at Nidaros Cathedral
in Trondheim. There is a Pilgrim's Office in Oslo
which gives advice to pilgrims and a Pilgrim Centre in Trondheim, under the aegis of the cathedral, which awards certificates to successful pilgrims upon the completion of their journey.[27][28] Other churches[edit] The Lutheran Church of Norway
has 21 churches within the municipality of Trondheim. They are all a part of the Diocese of Nidaros, which is based in Trondheim
at the Nidaros
Cathedral. Many of the churches are several hundred years old, with a couple which were built almost 1,000 years ago.

Lutheran Churches in Trondheim

Deanery (Prosti) Parish (Sokn) Church name Year built Location

Nidaros Nidaros
Domkirke og Vår Frue Nidaros
Cathedral 1070–1300 Midtbyen

Vår Frue Church 1200 Midtbyen

Bakklandet Bakke Church 1715 Bakklandet

Lade Lade Church 1190 Lade

Lademoen Lademoen
Church 1905 Lademoen

Byåsen Byåsen Byåsen
Church 1974 Byåsen

Ilen Ilen Church 1889 Ila

Sverresborg Havstein Church 1857 Sverresborg

Heimdal Byneset Byneset
Church 1180 Byneset

Heimdal Heimdal
Church 1960 Heimdal

Kolstad Kolstad Church 1986 Kolstad

Leinstrand Leinstrand
Church 1673 Leinstrand

Tiller Tiller Church 1901 Tiller

Strinda Berg Berg Church 1972 Berg

Bratsberg Bratsberg Church 1850 Bratsberg

Charlottenlund Charlottenlund Church 1973 Charlottenlund

Hoeggen Hoeggen Church 1997 Lerkendal

Ranheim Ranheim
Church 1933 Ranheim

Strinda Strinda
Church 1900 Strinda

Strindheim Strindheim
Church 1979 Strindheim

Tempe Tempe Church 1960 Lerkendal

The Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Sankt Olav domkirke is the cathedral episcopal see of the exempt Territorial Prelature of Trondheim. Museums[edit]

River Nidelva
in Trondheim

The Trondheim
Museum of Arts has Norway's third largest public art collection, mainly Norwegian art from the last 150 years.[29] The National Museum of Decorative Arts boasts a large collection of decorative arts and design, including a great number of tapestries from the Norwegian tapestry artist Hannah Ryggen, as well as Norway's only permanent exhibibition of Japanese arts and crafts.[30] Sverresborg, also named Zion
after King David's castle in Jerusalem, was a fortification built by Sverre Sigurdsson. It is now an open-air museum, consisting of more than 60 buildings. The castle was originally built in 1182–1183, but did not last for long as it was burned down in 1188. However, the Sverresaga indicates it had been restored by 1197.[citation needed] Trondheim Science Museum
Trondheim Science Museum
(Norwegian: Vitensenteret i Trondheim) is a scientific hands-on experience center. The Museum of Natural History and Archaeology is part of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. There are also a variety of small history, science and natural history museums, such as the Trondheim
Maritime Museum, the Armoury, adjacent to the Archbishops's Palace, the music and musical instrument museum Ringve National Museum, Ringve Botanical Garden, the Trondheim Tramway
Trondheim Tramway
Museum, and the Jewish Museum, co-located with the city's synagogue, which is among the northernmost in the world. Rockheim
(Norwegian: Det nasjonale opplevelsessenteret for pop og rock, The National Discovery Center for Pop and Rock) opened at the Pier in August 2010. It is located inside an old warehouse, but characterised by an easily recognisable roof in the shape of a box. "The box" is decorated by thousands of tiny lights that change in a variety of colours and patterns, and is a landmark in the cityscape - especially on dark winter evenings. Government[edit] The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. On 1 January 2005, the city was reorganized from five boroughs into four, with each of these having separate social services offices. The current boroughs are Midtbyen (44,967 inhabitants), Østbyen
(42,707 inhabitants), Lerkendal (46,603 inhabitants) and Heimdal
(30,744) inhabitants. The Population statistics listed are as of 1 January 2008. Prior to 2005, Trondheim
was divided into the boroughs Sentrum, Strinda, Nardo, Byåsen
and Heimdal. Municipal council[edit] The city council (Bystyret) of Trondheim
is made up of 67 representatives that are elected every four years. Prior to 2011, there were 85 city council members, but this number was reduced to 67 in 2011. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[31]

Kommunestyre 2015–2019

Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of representatives

  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 28

  Progress Party Fremskrittspartiet 4

  Conservative Party Høyre 14

  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 2

  Green Party Miljøpartiet De Grønne 5

  Pensioners' Party Pensjonistpartiet 2

  Red Party Rødt 2

  Centre Party Senterpartiet 2

  Socialist Left Party Sosialistisk Venstreparti 4

  Liberal Party Venstre 4

Total number of members: 67

2011 election[edit]

City council elections 2011

Party Percent Votes Seats in council Members of the executive board

% ± total ± total ±

Labour (AP) 39,5 -4,4 35438 1694 27 -10 4

Progress (FrP) 8,9 -5,7 8002 -3255 6 -7 1

Conservative(H) 27,2 12,2 24367 12847 18 +5 3

Christian Democrat (KrF) 2,9 -0,6 2638 -63 2 -1 1

Centre (SP) 2,1 -0,6 1861 -215 1 -1

Socialist Left (SV) 5,7 -2,5 5129 -1196 4 -3 1

Liberal (V) 5,8 1,8 5189 2087 4 1 1

Pensioners (PP) 1,3 -0,2 1139 -16 1 0

Red Party(R) 3,0 -0,4 2660 70 2 -1

Green Party (MDG) 2,6 0,6 2336 765 2 0

Turnout/Total 66,7% 89605 67 [A] 11

Mayor: Rita Ottervik
Rita Ottervik
(Ap) Deputy mayor: Knut Fagerbakke
Knut Fagerbakke


^ The municipal council is reduced by 18 representatives from 85 to 67 This means that mandate projections are not comparable with previous election for this municipality.

Source: Ministry of Local Government Trondheim

Education and research[edit]

NTNU´s Main Building, viewed from the Old City Bridge (NTNUs Hovedbygning), Trondheim, Norway
- 20091216

See also the list of primary schools in Trondheim.

is home to both the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) with its many technical lab facilities and disciplines, and BI-Trondheim, a satellite campus for the Norwegian Business School (BI).[32] Both universities welcome a number of international students on a yearly basis and offer various scholarships.[33] St. Olavs University Hospital, a regional hospital for Central Norway, is located in downtown Trondheim. St. Olav's is a teaching hospital and cooperates closely with the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) on both research and medical education. SINTEF, the largest independent research organisation in Scandinavia, has 1,800 employees with 1,300 of these located in Trondheim.[34] The Air Force Academy of the Royal Norwegian Air Force
Royal Norwegian Air Force
is located at Kuhaugen in Trondheim. The Geological Survey of Norway
is located at Lade in Trondheim
and is a major geoscientific institution with 220 employees of which 70% are scientists. There are 11 high schools in the city. Trondheim
katedralskole (" Trondheim
School") was founded in 1152 and is the oldest upper secondary school (gymnasium) in Norway, while Brundalen videregående skole is the largest in Sør- Trøndelag
with its 1,100 students and 275 employees. Brundalen Skole, has big festivals each year, and is building out to increase space. Ila skole was founded in 1770 and is the oldest primary school in Trondheim.[35] Media[edit] Adresseavisen
is the largest regional newspaper and the oldest active newspaper in Norway, having been established in 1767. The two headquarters of the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK) are located at Tyholt in Trondheim, and in Oslo.[36]. The student press of Trondheim
features three types of media. Under Dusken is the student paper, Radio Revolt is the student radio, and Student-TV broadcasts videos online. Radio stations established in Trondheim
include Trøndelag-focused opt-out feeds of NRK P1
and NRK P1+, local versions of NRK Trafikk and P5 Hits, Radio Trondheim, and Radio 247[37]. Along with Norway's national radio stations, they can be listened to on DAB+ across most of Trøndelag, as well as on internet radio. Culture[edit] Stage[edit] The main regional theatre, Trøndelag
Teater, is situated in Trondheim. Built in 1816, the theatre is the oldest theatre still in use in Scandinavia.[38] The city also features an alternative theatre house Teaterhuset Avant Garden, and the theatre company Teater Fusentast.[39] Music[edit]

The Ringve Museum
Ringve Museum
is a museum devoted to music

has a broad music scene, and is known for its strong communities committed to rock, jazz and classical music. The city's interest in Jazz
and classical music are spearheaded by the music conservatory at NTNU which has been called one of the most innovative in the world,[40] and the municipal music school, Trondheim
Kommunale Musikk- og Kulturskole.[41] The Trondheim Symphony Orchestra
Trondheim Symphony Orchestra
and the Trondheim Soloists are well-known. The city also hosts a yearly Jazz festival, and is home to Trondheim
Orchestra.[42] Classical artists hailing from Trondheim
include violinist Arve Tellefsen, Elise Båtnes
Elise Båtnes
and Marianne Thorsen. Also the Nidaros Cathedral
Boys' Choir. Pop/rock artists and bands associated with Trondheim
include Åge Aleksandersen, Margaret Berger, DumDum Boys, Lasse Marhaug, Gåte, Keep Of Kalessin, Lumsk, Motorpsycho, Kari Rueslåtten, the 3rd and the Mortal, TNT, Tre Små Kinesere, the Kids, Casino Steel (of the Boys), Atrox, Bloodthorn, Manes, child prodigy Malin Reitan
Malin Reitan
and Aleksander With. The most popular punk scene is UFFA. Georg Kajanus, creator of the bands Eclection, Sailor and DATA, was born in Trondheim. The music production team Stargate started out in Trondheim. Trondheim
is also home to Rockheim, the national museum of popular music, which is responsible for collecting, preserving and sharing Norwegian popular music from the 1950s to the present day.[43][44][45] Film[edit] Trondheim
features a lively film scene, including three filmfests: Minimalen Short Film Fest and Kosmorama International Film Fest in March, and Trondheim
Documentarfestival in November. There is a cinema in the city centre, Nova Kinosenter. Sports and recreation[edit]

The pavement cafes at Bakklandet

Granåsen, a Nordic skiing
Nordic skiing
venue located in Byåsen, regularly hosts World Cup competitions in ski jumping, biathlon and cross-country skiing, as well as the 1997 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships. Trondheim
attempted but failed to become the Norwegian candidate for the 2018 Winter Olympics. Hiking and recreational skiing is available around the city, particularly in Bymarka, which can be reached by the tramway. Trondheim
Golfklubb has a nine-hole golf course in Byåsen. Rosenborg BK
Rosenborg BK
is the city's premier football club and plays their home matches at Lerkendal Stadion. They have won the Norwegian Premier League 25 times between 1967 and 2017, have reached the UEFA Champions League group stage 12 times, and made it to the last 8 on one occasion. Byåsen
IL plays in the women's handball league, and is a regular in the EHF Women's Champions League, playing their home games at Trondheim
Spektrum. Major sports teams[edit]

Club Sport Founded League Venue

Rosenborg BK Football 1917 Eliteserien (football) Lerkendal stadion

Fotball Football 1901 Eliteserien (football) EXTRA Arena

Byåsen Handball
(Women) 1921 Eliteserien (women's handball) Trondheim

Hockey Ice hockey 2015 1. divisjon Leangen Ishall

Trondheims-Ørn Football
(women) 1972 Toppserien Ørn Arena

Kolstad Håndball Handball
(men) 1972 Eliteserien (men's handball) Husebyhallen

Major championships hosted[edit]

Event Sport Years Venue

FIS Nordic World Ski Championships Nordic skiing 1997 Granåsen

World Allround Speed Skating Championships Speed skating 1907, 1911, 1926, 1933, 1937 Øya Stadion

World Orienteering
Championships Orienteering 2010 Throughout Trondheim

UEFA Super Cup Football 2016 Lerkendal Stadion

European Men's Handball
Championship Handball 2008, 2020 Trondheim

European Women's Handball
Championship Handball 2020 Trondheim

Student culture[edit]

The building of the Studentersamfundet i Trondhjem

With students comprising almost a fifth of the population, the city of Trondheim
is heavily influenced by student culture. Most noticeable is Studentersamfundet i Trondhjem, the city's student society. Its characteristic round, red building from 1929 sits at the head of the bridge crossing the river southwards from the city centre. As the largest university in Norway, the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) is the host of some 36,000 students.[46] Student culture in Trondheim
is characterised by a long-standing tradition of volunteer work. The student society is for example run by more than 1,200 volunteers.[47] NTNUI, Norway's largest sports club, is among the other volunteer organisations that dominate student culture in Trondheim. Students in Trondheim
are also behind two major Norwegian culture festivals, UKA
and The International Student Festival in Trondheim
(ISFiT). NTNU lists over 200 student organisations with registered web pages on its servers alone.[48] In popular culture[edit] Trondheim
culture is parodied on the Monty Python
Monty Python
album Another Monty Python Record in the form of the fictitious Trondheim
Hammer Dance.[49] Trondheim
is also a key location in the Command & Conquer: Tiberian Sun universe, as it is a critical battleground for both factions. Trondheim
was the name of a planet in the Hundred Worlds of the Ender's Game book series. Transportation[edit]

Skansen Marina

Costa Victoria in Trondheim

has an international airport, Trondheim
Airport, Værnes, situated in Stjørdal, which is Norway's fourth largest airport in terms of passenger traffic. Værnes has non-stop connections to cities such as London, Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Stockholm
and Berlin, among others. The domestic route Trondheim
- Oslo
is among the busiest air routes in Europe with around 2 million passengers annually. Busiest air routes

A tram in Trondheim

Major railway connections are the northbound Nordland Line, the eastbound Meråker Line
Meråker Line
to Åre
and Östersund
in Sweden, and two southbound connections to Oslo, the Røros Line
Røros Line
and Dovre Line. The Coastal Express ships (Hurtigruten: Covering the Bergen–Kirkenes stretch of the coast) call at Trondheim, as do many cruise ships during the summer season. Since 1994 there is also a fast commuter boat service to Kristiansund, the closest coastal city to the southwest. Every morning the Hurtigruten
ships have one southbound and one northbound arrivals and departures in Trondheim. Trondheim
also boasts the northernmost (since closure of Arkhangelsk tram in 2004) tramway line in the world: the Gråkallen Line, the last remaining segment of the Trondheim
Tramway, is an 8.8 kilometres (5.5 mi) route (which is mostly single-track outside the innermost parts of the city; except the stretch between Breidablikk and Nordre Hoem stations) which runs from the city centre, through the Byåsen
district, and up to Lian, in the large recreation area Bymarka. Trondheim
boasts the world's only bicycle lift, Trampe. The bus network, operated by AtB, runs throughout most of the city and its suburbs. In addition, the Nattbuss (Night Bus) service ensures cheap and effective transport for those enjoying nightlife in the city centre during the weekends. The Nattbus has other prices than ordinary buses. The European route E6
European route E6
highway passes through the city centre of Trondheim
in addition to a motorway bypass along the eastern rim of the city. Twin towns and sister cities[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Norway Trondheim
is twinned with:[50]

Darmstadt, Germany
(since 1968)[50][51] Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland
(since 1945)[50] Graz, Austria
(since 1964)[50][52] Kópavogur, Iceland
(since 1946)[50] Östersund, Sweden
(since 1946)[50]

Norrköping, Sweden
(since 1946)[50] Klaksvík, Faroe Islands[citation needed] Keren, Eritrea[citation needed] Odense, Denmark
(since 1946)[50] Petah Tikva, Israel
(since 1975)[50] Ramallah, State of Palestine
State of Palestine
(since 2004)[50]

Split, Croatia
(since 1956)[50][53] Tampere, Finland
(since 1946)[50] Tiraspol, Moldova
(since 1987)[50][54] Vallejo, California, US (since 1956)[50][55]

Notable people[edit]

Knut Glomsaas, musician Håkon Karlsen, journalist Atle Kvålsvoll, cyclist and coach Idun Reiten, mathematician Arve Tellefsen, violinist Diesel Dahl, drummer Marit Bjørgen, cross-country skier. Emil Weber Meek, mixed martial artist, former welterweight champion with Venator Fighting Championship Merethe Trøan, singer

See also[edit]


List of mayors of Trondheim Tyholt Tower


^ " Trondheim
- 1601 (Sør-Trøndelag)". ssb.no/ (in Norwegian). Retrieved 10 June 2017.  ^ "Metropolitan_regions_of_Norway".. Retrieved 10 June 2017.  ^ "Trondhjemmer" (in Norwegian). www.trondheim.com. Retrieved 9 January 2008.  ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2001). "Folke- og boligtellingen 2001, kommune- og bydelshefter 1601 Trondheim" (PDF) (in Norwegian).  ^ "Tabell 6 Folkemengde per 1. januar, etter fylke og kommune. Registrert 2010. Framskrevet 2011–2030, alternativ MMMM" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. Retrieved 19 April 2011.  ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2013). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality".  ^ Bratberg, Terje T. V. (10 January 2008). "Striden om bynavnet". Arbeideravisa (in Norwegian). Trondheim. p. 27.  ^ Hitlers drøm om Trondheim
(in Norwegian) ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.  ^ Trondheim
Kommune (17 June 2016). "Ja til sammenslåing av Klæbu
og Trondheim" (in Norwegian).  ^ "Trondheim's coat of arms and seal". Trondheim
kommune. Retrieved 29 October 2008.  ^ a b http://www.dmt.trondheim.no/index.php/historie ^ "Trondheim, Norway
– Sunrise, sunset, dawn and dusk times for the whole year – Gaisma". Gaisma.com. Retrieved 1 July 2013.  ^ "World Weather Information Service – Trondheim". Worldweather.org. 5 October 2006. Retrieved 1 July 2013.  ^ "See Norway's snow, weather, water and climate anytime anywhere". Retrieved 29 December 2007.  ^ "Nyhet fra Meteorologisk institutt" (in Norwegian). met.no. 27 November 2007.  ^ "Over 1600 soltimer i Bergen" (in Norwegian). årstadposten. 25 June 2017.  ^ "eKlima - Climate statistics for Norway
from Meteorologisk Institutt (Norwegian Meteorological Institute)". January 2015.  ^ citeweb:http://meteo-climat-bzh.dyndns.org/listenormale-1981-2010-2-p159.php%7Ctitle=Moyennes date = March 2017 ^ "Trondheim". ESN Trondheim. 2014-03-02. Retrieved 2017-07-14.  ^ "Bymarkbeveren skal holdes i sjakk" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 3 August 2007.  ^ "Jerven som flyktet til byen" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 9 May 2008.  ^ "Norges eldste jerv (18) er død" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 1 September 2017.  ^ "Pilgrim ways in Norway, background". Trondheim
kommune. Retrieved 4 August 2007.  ^ "The consecration of King Harald and Queen Sonja". The Norwegian Royal Family. Retrieved 3 August 2007.  ^ "The wedding of Princess Märtha Louise". The Norwegian Royal Family. Retrieved 3 August 2007.  ^ "Pilegrimsleden (Miljøstatus i Norge)" (in Norwegian).  ^ Raju, Alison (2010). The Pilgrim Road to Nidaros: St Olav's Way - Oslo
to Trondheim. Cicerone Press Limited. ISBN 978-1-85284-314-4.  ^ [1] Archived 7 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ http://www.nkim.museum.no/ ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015.  ^ Fossen, Christian. "Norwegian University of Science and Technology". www.ntnu.edu. Retrieved 2017-04-11.  ^ "Scholarships". BI Business School. Retrieved 2017-04-11.  ^ "About us – SINTEF". Sintef.no. 18 June 2013. Retrieved 1 July 2013.  ^ no:Ila skole (Trondheim) ^ Haugan, Trond E (2008). Byens magiske rom: Historien om Trondheim kino. Tapir Akademisk Forlag. ISBN 978-82-519-2242-5.  ^ "Radiokanaler på DAB". Retrieved 8 January 2018.  ^ Haugan, Trond E. Byens magiske rom: Historien om Trondheim
kino (Tapir Akademisk Forlag, 2008, ISBN 978-82-519-2242-5) Norwegian ^ "About". Teater Fusentast. Retrieved 21 May 2015.  ^ Nicholson, Stuart (1 May 2014). Is Jazz
Dead?: Or Has It Moved to a New Address. Routledge. ISBN 1136731008.  ^ "History". Jazzfest. Retrieved 21 May 2015.  ^ " Jazz
Fest". Retrieved 21 May 2015.  ^ "Rockheim". Rockheim. Retrieved 21 May 2015.  ^ "Det nasjonale opplevelsessenteret for pop og rock i Trondheim
vil ligge på Brattøra". Regjeringen. Retrieved 21 May 2015.  ^ Skybakmoen, Jonas (5 August 2010). "Rocken kommer heim". Adressa. Retrieved 21 May 2015.  ^ "NTNU blir størst". Khrono. Retrieved 2016-02-25.  ^ "About Studentersamfundet" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 9 November 2007. Retrieved 18 February 2008.  ^ "NTNU Student Organisations (in Norwegian". Retrieved 18 February 2008.  ^ "Apologies/ Trondheim
Hammer Dance".  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Trondheims offisielle nettsted – Vennskapsbyer" (in Norwegian). Trondheim.com. Retrieved 1 July 2013.  ^ "Städtepartnerschaften und Internationales". Büro für Städtepartnerschaften und internationale Beziehungen (in German). Retrieved 26 July 2013.  ^ "Twin Towns – Graz
Online – English Version". www.graz.at. Retrieved 5 January 2010.  ^ "Gradovi prijatelji Splita" [Split Twin Towns]. Grad Split [Split Official City Website] (in Croatian). Archived from the original on 24 March 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2013.  ^ ( part of de facto independent Transnistria) ^ "Vallejo Sister City". Vallejo Sister City Association. Retrieved 11 September 2013. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Trondheim.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Trondheim.

has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Trondhjem.

Municipality website (in Norwegian) Trondheim.no, Trondheim's official website in Norwegian and English Visit Trondheim Trondheim
travel guide from Wikivoyage

Articles and topics related to Trondheim

v t e

Municipalities of Trøndelag
county, Norway

Current municipalities


Agdenes Åfjord Bjugn Flatanger Fosnes Frosta Frøya Grong Hemne Hitra Holtålen Høylandet Inderøy Indre Fosen Klæbu Leka Levanger Lierne Malvik Meldal Melhus Meråker Midtre Gauldal Namdalseid Namsos Namsskogan Nærøy Oppdal Orkdal Ørland Osen Overhalla Rennebu Roan Røros Røyrvik Selbu Skaun Snillfjord Snåsa Steinkjer Stjørdal Trondheim Tydal Verdal Verran Vikna


Future municipalities (starting in 2020)

Heim (replaces Hemne, Halsa, and part of Snillfjord) Orkland
(replaces Agdenes, Orkdal, Meldal, and part of Snillfjord) Nærøysund (replaces Vikna
and Nærøy)

Former municipalities

Nord- Trøndelag

Beitstad Egge Foldereid Frol Gravvik Harran Hegra Klinga Kolvereid Kvam Leksvik Lånke Malm Mosvik
og Verran Mosvik Nedre Stjørdal Nordli Ogndal Otterøy Røra Sandvollan Skatval Skogn Sparbu Stjørdalen Stod Sørli Vemundvik Ytterøy Øvre Stjørdal Åsen

Sør- Trøndelag

Bjørnør Brekken Budal Buvik Byneset Børsa Fillan Flå Geitastrand Glåmos Haltdalen Heim Horg Hølonda Jøssund Kvenvær Leinstrand Lensvik Nes Nord-Frøya Orkanger Orkland Rissa Røros
landsogn Sandstad Singsås Soknedal Stadsbygd Stjørna Stoksund Strinda Støren Sør-Frøya Tiller Vinje Ålen

v t e

Most populous urban areas of Norway

As of 1 January 2014, according to Statistics Norway

1. Oslo 942,084

2. Bergen 251,281

3. Stavanger/Sandnes 207,439

4. Trondheim 172,226

5. Drammen 112,123

6. Fredrikstad/Sarpsborg 107,920

7. Porsgrunn/Skien 91,349

8. Kristiansand 59,681

9. Tønsberg 50,372

10. Ålesund 50,345

11. Moss 45,017

12. Sandefjord 42,345

13. Arendal 42,145

14. Haugesund 40,631

15. Bodø 39,384

16. Tromsø 33,319

17. Hamar 26,232

18. Halden 24,707

19. Larvik 23,579

20. Askøy 21,911

21. Kongsberg 20,670

22. Harstad 20,533

23. Molde 20,327

24. Horten 20,036

25. Gjøvik 19,604

26. Lillehammer 19,586

27. Mo i Rana 18,592

28. Kristiansund 18,300

29. Korsvik 16,385

30. Tromsdalen 16,271

31. Jessheim 15,966

32. Hønefoss 15,154

33. Ski 14,446

34. Alta 14,430

35. Elverum 14,326

36. Narvik 14,202

37. Askim 13,822

38. Leirvik 13,717

39. Drøbak 13,445

40. Nesoddtangen 12,428

41. Osøyro 12,296

42. Vennesla 12,242

43. Steinkjer 12,224

44. Grimstad 12,172

45. Arna 11,960

46. Kongsvinger 11,938

47. Råholt 11,828

48. Stjørdalshalsen 11,453

v t e

Most populous metropolitan areas in Norway

As of 2013, according to Statistics Norway

1. Oslo 1,502,604

2. Bergen 407,935

3. Stavanger 319,822

4. Trondheim 267,132

5. Kristiansand 155,648

6. Drammen 151,769

7. Fredrikstad 138,682

8. Haugesund 128,797

9. Tønsberg 120,747

10. Sandvika 118,115

11. Skien 112,082

12. Sandefjord 90,532

13. Ålesund 82,165

14. Tromsø 73,631

15. Sandnes 71,462

16. Moss 56,210

17. Sarpsborg 54,049

18. Bodø 52,768

19. Arendal 43,755

20. Larvik 42,637

21. Porsgrunn 35,504

22. Hamar 30,921

23. Halden 30,116

24. Gjøvik 29,618

25. Ski 29,482

26. Askøy 27,273

27. Lillehammer 27,044

28. Horten 26,701

29. Kongsberg 26,296

30. Molde 26,027

v t e

50 most populous urban areas in the Nordic countries

 Denmark  Finland  Iceland  Norway  Sweden

1. Stockholm 1,372,565

2. Copenhagen 1,263,698

3. Helsinki 1,214,210

4. Oslo 958,378

5. Gothenburg 549,839

6. Tampere 325,025

7. Malmö 280,415

8. Aarhus 261,570

9. Turku 260,367

10. Bergen 250,420

11. Stavanger 210,874

12. Reykjavík 209,510

13. Oulu 193,817

14. Trondheim 175,068

15. Odense 173,814

16. Uppsala 140,454

17. Aalborg 132,578

18. Jyväskylä 120,306

19. Lahti 117,424

20. Drammen 113,534

21. Västerås 110,877

22. Fredrikstad-Sarpsborg 108,636

23. Örebro 107,038

24. Linköping 104,232

25. Helsingborg 97,122

26. Porsgrunn-Skien 91,737

27. Jönköping 89,396

28. Norrköping 87,247

29. Kuopio 86,034

30. Pori 84,509

31. Lund 82,800

32. Umeå 79,594

33. Esbjerg 72,060

34. Gävle 71,033

35. Vaasa 66,911

36. Borås 66,273

37. Joensuu 65,686

38. Eskilstuna 64,679

39. Södertälje 64,619

40. Karlstad 61,685

41. Randers 61,664

42. Täby 61,272

43. Växjö 60,887

44. Kristiansand 60,583

45. Kolding 58,757

46. Halmstad 58,577

47. Horsens 56,536

48. Lappeenranta 55,429

49. Vejle 53,975

50. Kotka 52,600

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 133677808 LCCN: n79061146 ISNI: 0000 0004 0460 6448 GND: 4070588-2 BNF: