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Požarevac
Požarevac
(Serbian Cyrillic: Пожаревац, pronounced [pǒʒareʋats]) is a city and the administrative center of the Braničevo District
Braničevo District
in eastern Serbia. It is located between three rivers: Danube, Great Morava
Great Morava
and Mlava. As of 2011, the city has a population of 44,183 inhabitants, while the city administrative area has 75,334 inhabitants.

Contents

1 Name 2 History

2.1 Ancient times 2.2 Archaeology 2.3 Modern city

3 Settlements 4 Demographics

4.1 Ethnic groups

5 Economy 6 Politics 7 Education 8 People associated with Požarevac 9 International relations

9.1 Twin towns – sister cities

10 Image gallery 11 See also 12 References 13 Sources 14 External links

Name[edit] In Serbian, the city is known as Požarevac
Požarevac
(Пожаревац), in Romanian as Pojarevaţ, in Turkish as Pasarofça, in German as Passarowitz, and in Hungarian as Pozsarevác. The name means "fire-town" in Serbian (Here "fire" is in the sense of a disaster).[citation needed] History[edit] Ancient times[edit] In ancient times, the area was inhabited by Thracians, Dacians, and Celts.[citation needed] There was a city at this locality known as Margus in Latin after the Roman conquest in the first century BC.[citation needed] In 435, the city of Margus, under the Eastern Roman Empire, was the site of a treaty between the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
and the Hun
Hun
leaders Attila and Bleda.[citation needed] One pretext for the Hun
Hun
invasion of the Eastern Roman Empire
Eastern Roman Empire
in 442 was that the Bishop of Margus had crossed the Danube
Danube
to ransack and desecrate the royal Hun
Hun
graves on the north bank of the Danube. When the Romans discussed handing over the Bishop, he slipped away and betrayed the city to the Huns, who then sacked the city and went on to invade as far as the gates of Constantinople
Constantinople
itself.[citation needed] After the fall of the Hunnic Empire, the area was again controlled by the Eastern Roman Empire. In the 6th century, it was briefly controlled by the Kingdom of the Gepids. Since the 6th century, the area was populated by Slavs, but the Eastern Roman Empire
Eastern Roman Empire
held a nominal control over the region until the 8th century when Balkan Slavs
Slavs
achieved de facto independence from the Eastern Empire. It was also ruled by Avar Khaganate
Avar Khaganate
before their demolition by Charlemagne. The area was subsequently included into the Bulgarian Empire
Bulgarian Empire
and was alternately ruled by the Bulgarian Empire, the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
and the Kingdom of Hungary
Kingdom of Hungary
until the 13th century. In the 13th century, the area was ruled by independent local Slavic-Bulgarian rulers, Drman
Drman
and Kudelin. It was subsequently included into the Kingdom of Syrmia, ruled by Serbian king Stefan Dragutin and into the Kingdom of Serbia
Serbia
and Serbian Empire
Serbian Empire
ruled by Stefan Dušan. Archaeology[edit] A Bronze Age
Bronze Age
figurine "The Idol of Kličevac" was found in a grave in the village of Kličevac. It was destroyed during World War I.[3] The National Museum in Belgrade
National Museum in Belgrade
and Požarevac
Požarevac
has some 40,000 items found in Viminacium, of which over 700 are of gold and silver. Among them are many invaluable rarities. In June 2008, a Triballian (Thracian) grave was found with ceramics (urns). These date from the first millennium BC.[4] Modern city[edit]

Reservist mobilization in Požarevac, 1914.

The modern town of Požarevac
Požarevac
was first mentioned in the 14th century under the name Puporače[5][dubious – discuss]; it first being mentioned under its present-day name in 1476.[6] The town became part of Moravian Serbia
Serbia
and Serbian Despotate, until the Ottoman conquest in 1459. During Ottoman administration, it was part of the Sanjak of Smederevo. It was occupied by Austrian Empire
Austrian Empire
between 1688 and 1690. In 1718, Požarevac
Požarevac
was the site of the signing of the Treaty of Požarevac,[7] with the town then falling under Habsburg control and becoming part of the Habsburg Kingdom of Serbia
Serbia
(from 1718 to 1739). After 1739, the town reverted to Ottoman control except final Austrian occpation between 1789 and 1791. During the First Serbian Uprising (1804-1813), the town was part of the Karađorđe's Serbia. At the end of the uprising in 1813, the town came briefly once more under direct Ottoman control. However, following the Second Serbian Uprising
Second Serbian Uprising
from 1815, the town then became part of the autonomous Ottoman Principality of Serbia. Požarevac
Požarevac
was the second capital of the Serbian prince, Miloš Obrenović
Miloš Obrenović
with the first regular state court in Serbia
Serbia
being established here in 1821. Since 1878, Požarevac
Požarevac
became part of the independent Principality of Serbia
Serbia
and since 1882 as part of the Kingdom of Serbia. Following the end of the First World War in 1918, the town was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
(renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929). From 1929 to 1941, Požarevac
Požarevac
was part of the Danube
Danube
Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. During the Axis occupation of Yugoslavia, from 1941 to 1944, it was part of the Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia. From 1944, Požarevac became part of the new socialist Serbia
Serbia
within socialist Yugoslavia. And from 1992, the town became part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (renamed as Serbia
Serbia
and Montenegro in 2003). Since 2006 it has been part of the Republic of Serbia. Settlements[edit] The City of Požarevac
Požarevac
includes two city municipalities:

Požarevac Kostolac

These include the following settlements:

Bare Batovac Beranje Bradarac Bratinac Brežane Bubušinac Burjan Ćirikovac Dragovac Drmno Dubravica Kasidol Klenovnik

Kličevac Kostolac Lučica Maljurevac Nabrđe Ostrovo Petka Poljana Požarevac Prugovo Rečica Selo Kostolac Trnjane Živica

In the 2008 reform of Serbian local government, Požarevac
Požarevac
received the status of a city and the town of Kostolac
Kostolac
became the seat of the second city municipality. Požarevac
Požarevac
is the smallest Serbian city consisting of two municipalities. Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1900 12,980 —    

1905 12,162 −6.3%

1910 13,613 +11.9%

1921 11,500 −15.5%

1931 14,042 +22.1%

1941 16,300 +16.1%

1948 15,474 −5.1%

1953 18,529 +19.7%

1961 24,269 +31.0%

1971 32,828 +35.3%

1981 39,735 +21.0%

1991 41,160 +3.6%

2002 41,736 +1.4%

2011 44,183 +5.9%

Data for pre-1948 censuses not cited Source: [8]

As of 2011, the city of Požarevac
Požarevac
has a total population of 75,334 inhabitants. Ethnic groups[edit] The ethnic composition of the municipal area of the city of Požarevac:[9]

Ethnic group Population

Serbs 66,801

Romani 3,868

Vlachs 177

Macedonians 168

Montenegrins 160

Croats 109

Romanians 91

Yugoslavs 71

Hungarians 56

Muslims 42

Slovenians 38

Bulgarians 35

Others 3,718

Total 75,334

Economy[edit] The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[10]

Activity Total

Agriculture, forestry and fishing 378

Mining 151

Processing industry 2,905

Distribution of power, gas and water 3,429

Distribution of water and water waste management 423

Construction 738

Wholesale and retail, repair 3,016

Traffic, storage and communication 1,202

Hotels and restaurants 567

Media and telecommunications 499

Finance and insurance 331

Property stock and charter 26

Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities 475

Administrative and other services 1,231

Administration and social assurance 1,817

Education 1,245

Healthcare and social work 2,059

Art, leisure and recreation 306

Other services 346

Total 21,145

Politics[edit] Seats in the municipality parliament won in the 2016 local elections:

Serbian Progressive Party
Serbian Progressive Party
(38) Socialist Party of Serbia
Serbia
(17) Democratic Party (6) Civil Group "Iskorak"(4) Minority Lists (3)

Education[edit]

Požarevac Gymnasium (Požarevačka gimnazija), a college-preparatory high school Technical College (Visoka tehnička škola strukovnih studija u Požarevcu)[11]

People associated with Požarevac[edit]

Dimitrije, Patriarch of the Serbian Orthodox Church Dragana Mirković, singer Novica Urošević, singer and composer Milena Pavlović-Barili, painter and poet Saša Ilić, footballer Velibor Vasović, footballer and manager Milivoje Živanović, film and stage actor Bata Paskaljević, stage, film and television actor Slaviša Žungul, footballer Prvoslav Vujčić, writer Đorđe Jovanović, sculptor Petar Dobrnjac, army commander Milenko Stojković, army commander Radmila Manojlović, singer Slobodan Milošević, politician Milivoje Stojanović, army commander

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Serbia Twin towns – sister cities[edit] Požarevac
Požarevac
is twinned with:

Volokolamsk, Russia
Russia
(since 2013)[12]

Image gallery[edit]

Požarevac
Požarevac
City Hall

Downtown

Downtown (1980s)

Požarevac
Požarevac
Park

Miloš Obrenović
Miloš Obrenović
statue in the city park

Regional History Museum

Čačalica
Čačalica
Memorial Park

Old coat of arms

Ljubičevo Equestrian Games

See also[edit]

Municipalities of Serbia Cities and towns in Serbia Populated places of Serbia

References[edit]

Grad Požarevac

^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.  ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.  ^ "[Projekat Rastko] Dr Draga Garasanin: Bronze Age
Bronze Age
in Serbia". Rastko.rs. Retrieved 2013-09-30.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-08. Retrieved 2009-02-08.  ^ "Požarevac, Kostolac, Malo Crniće, Petrovac « National Tourism Organisation of Serbia". Serbia.travel. Archived from the original on 2013-10-02. Retrieved 2013-09-30.  ^ "Историјат". Pozarevac.rs. Retrieved 2013-09-30.  ^ Ingrao, Samardžić & Pešalj 2011. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 11 January 2017.  ^ "ETHNICITY Data by municipalities and cities" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 20 February 2018.  ^ "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2017" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 20 February 2018.  ^ "ВТШСС Пожаревац". Vts-pozarevac.edu.rs. 2013-09-20. Retrieved 2013-09-30.  ^ Volokolamski pravac

Sources[edit]

Ingrao, Charles; Samardžić, Nikola; Pešalj, Jovan, eds. (2011). The Peace of Passarowitz, 1718. West Lafayette: Purdue University Press. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Požarevac.

Požarevac
Požarevac
travel guide from Wikivoyage Grad Požarevac Facebook Group Požarevac Social network Požarevac

v t e

City of Požarevac

Towns/Villages

Bare Batovac Beranje Bradarac Bratinac Brežane Bubušinac Burjan Ćirikovac Dragovac Drmno Dubravica Kasidol Klenovnik Kličevac Kostolac Lučica Maljurevac Nabrđe Ostrovo Petka Poljana Prugovo Požarevac Rečica Selo Kostolac Trnjane Živica

Culture/History

Čačalica FK Mladi Radnik Ljubičevo Equestrian Games Požarevac
Požarevac
Gymnasium Treaty of Passarowitz

Religious monuments

Bradača Monastery Rukumija Monastery Serbian Orthodox Eparchy of Braničevo

Notable people

Patriarch Dimitrije Petar Dobrnjac Saša Ilić Branislav Milosavljević Slobodan Milošević Milena Pavlović-Barili Milutin Petrović Kosta Protić Milivoje Stojanović Milenko Stojković Velibor Vasović Prvoslav Vujčić

v t e

Municipalities and cities of Southern and Eastern Serbia

Cities

Leskovac Niš

Crveni Krst Medijana Niška Banja Palilula Pantelej

Pirot Požarevac

Požarevac Kostolac

Smederevo Vranje

Vranje Vranjska Banja

Zaječar

Municipalities

Aleksinac Babušnica Bela Palanka Blace Bojnik Boljevac Bor Bosilegrad Bujanovac Crna Trava Dimitrovgrad Doljevac Gadžin Han Golubac Kladovo Knjaževac Kučevo Kuršumlija Lebane Majdanpek Malo Crniće Medveđa Merošina Negotin Petrovac Preševo Prokuplje Ražanj Smederevska Palanka Sokobanja Surdulica Svrljig Trgovište Velika Plana Veliko Gradište Vladičin Han Vlasotince Žabari Ž

.