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The Treaty of Nystad
Treaty of Nystad
(Russian: Ништадтский мир, Finnish: Uudenkaupungin rauha, Swedish: Freden i Nystad, Estonian: Uusikaupunki rahu) was the last peace treaty of the Great Northern War
Great Northern War
of 1700–1721. It was concluded between the Tsardom of Russia
Tsardom of Russia
and the Swedish Empire
Swedish Empire
on 10 September [O.S. 30 August] 1721 in the then Swedish town of Nystad (Finnish: Uusikaupunki, in the south-west of present-day Finland). Sweden
Sweden
had settled with the other parties in Stockholm (1719 and 1720) and in Frederiksborg (1720). During the war Peter I of Russia
Peter I of Russia
had occupied all Swedish possessions on the eastern Baltic coast: Swedish Ingria
Swedish Ingria
(where he began to build the soon-to-be new Russian capital of St. Petersburg
St. Petersburg
in 1703), Swedish Estonia and Swedish Livonia (which had capitulated in 1710), and Finland. In Nystad, King Frederick I of Sweden
Sweden
formally recognized the transfer of Estonia, Livonia, Ingria, and Southeast Finland
Finland
( Kexholmslän
Kexholmslän
and part of Karelia) to Russia in exchange for two million silver thaler, while Russia returned the bulk of Finland
Finland
to Swedish rule.[1][2] The Treaty enshrined the rights of the German Baltic nobility
Baltic nobility
within Estonia and Livonia to maintain their financial system, their existing customs border, their self-government, their Lutheran
Lutheran
religion, and the German language; this special position in the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
was reconfirmed by all Russian Tsars from Peter the Great
Peter the Great
(reigned 1682-1725) to Alexander II [3] (reigned 1855-1881). Nystad manifested the decisive shift in the European balance of power which the war had brought about: the Swedish imperial era had ended; Sweden
Sweden
entered the Age of Liberty, while Russia had emerged as a new empire.

The overse of an Fe- medal 1721 by the Danish medallist Anton Schultz. Treaty of Nystad
Treaty of Nystad
to end the Great Northern War
Great Northern War
by Peter the Great.

The reverse of the above medal.

Signing of the Treaty of Nystad

Contents

1 Legacy 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

Legacy[edit] In pre-1917 Saint Petersburg, in the Vyborgsky district (relatively nearest to Russo-Finnish border) one of the thoroughfares (now Lesnoy prospekt) was named after the Nystad treaty (Nystadt Street, Rus. Ништадтская улица).[4] The district also houses a church commemorating the first Russian victory in the Great Northern war, the Battle of Poltava – St. Sampsonius' Cathedral. See also[edit]

List of treaties

References[edit]

^ Russian: РГАДА. Рукописный отдел библиотеки Московской Синодальной типографии. Фонд 381, ед.хр.805. Л.6. Original handwritten text of the Treaty of Nystad
Treaty of Nystad
in Russian ^ (in Russian) Ништадтский мирный договор между Россией и Швецией, 30 августа 1721 г. Text of the Treaty of Nystad
Treaty of Nystad
in Russian ^ Ragsdale, Hugh; V. N. Ponomarev (1993). Imperial Russian foreign policy. Cambridge University Press. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-521-44229-9.  ^ Лев Успенский. Записки старого петербуржца. (Lev Uspenskii. Zapiski starogo peterburjca.) Any edition.

External links[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: Treaty of Nystad

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Treaty of Nystad.

Freden i Nystad – Ништадтский мир 1721 – Uudenkaupungin rauha 1721. Trilingual source publication (Finnish, Swedish, Russian) of the documents concerning the peace treaty from The Russian Foreign Ministry Archives. Published by Agricola – The Finnish History Network publication series number 10. 2014 (Heidi Pitkänen red.)

v t e

Treaties of the Great Northern War
Great Northern War
(1700–1721)

Preobrazhenskoye Dresden Travendal Narva Warsaw Altranstädt (1706) Altranstädt (1707) Dresden Thorn Copenhagen Hanover Capitulation of Estonia and Livonia Lutsk Pruth Adrianople Schwedt Stettin Berlin Greifswald Frederiksborg Stockholm Nystad

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