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Anthony Robert "Tony" Kushner (born July 16, 1956) is an American playwright and screenwriter. He received the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1993 for his play Angels in America: A Gay Fantasia on National Themes. He co-authored with Eric Roth the screenplay for the 2005 film Munich, and he wrote the screenplay for the 2012 film Lincoln. Both movies were critically acclaimed, and he received Academy Award nominations for Best Adapted Screenplay. He received a National Medal of Arts from President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
in 2013.[1]

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Career 3 Political views 4 Personal life 5 List of works

5.1 Plays 5.2 Books 5.3 Essays 5.4 Other works

6 Interviews 7 Awards and nominations 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

Early life and education[edit]

Kushner protesting at Columbia University
Columbia University
in 1978

Kushner was born in Manhattan, New York, the son of Sylvia (née Deutscher), a bassoonist, and William David Kushner, a clarinetist and conductor.[2][3] His family is Jewish, descended from immigrants from Russia/Poland.[4] Shortly after his birth, Kushner's parents moved to Lake Charles, Louisiana, the seat of Calcasieu Parish
Calcasieu Parish
where he spent his childhood. During high school Kushner was active in policy debate. In 1974, Kushner moved to New York to begin his undergraduate college education at Columbia University, where he received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Medieval Studies in 1978.[5] He attended the Tisch School of the Arts at NYU, graduating in 1984. During graduate school, he spent the summers of 1978–1981 directing both early original works (Masque of the Owls and Incidents and Occurrences During the Travels of the Tailor Max) and plays by Shakespeare ( A Midsummer Night's Dream
A Midsummer Night's Dream
and The Tempest) starring the children attending the Governor's Program for Gifted Children (GPGC) in Lake Charles. Kushner has received several honorary degrees: in 2003 from Columbia College Chicago;[6] in 2006 an honorary doctorate from Brandeis University, in 2008 an honorary Doctor of Letters
Doctor of Letters
from SUNY Purchase College,[7] in May 2011 an honorary doctorate from CUNY's John Jay College of Criminal Justice, and in May 2015, an honorary Doctor of Letters from Ithaca College.[8][9] Career[edit] Kushner's best known work is Angels in America
Angels in America
(a play in two parts: Millennium Approaches and Perestroika), a seven-hour epic about the AIDS epidemic in Reagan-era New York, which was later adapted into an HBO
HBO
miniseries for which Kushner wrote the screenplay. His other plays include Hydriotaphia, Slavs!: Thinking About the Longstanding Problems of Virtue and Happiness, A Bright Room Called Day, Homebody/Kabul, and the book for the musical Caroline, or Change. His new translation of Bertolt Brecht's Mother Courage and Her Children
Mother Courage and Her Children
was performed at the Delacorte Theater in the summer of 2006, starring Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
and directed by George C. Wolfe. Kushner has also adapted Brecht's The Good Person of Szechwan, Corneille's The Illusion, and S. Ansky's play The Dybbuk. In the early 2000s, Kushner began writing for film. His co-written screenplay Munich was produced and directed by Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
in 2005. In January 2006, a documentary feature about Kushner entitled Wrestling With Angels
Wrestling With Angels
debuted at the Sundance Film Festival. The film was directed by Freida Lee Mock. In April 2011 it was announced that he was working with Spielberg again, writing the screenplay for an adaptation of historian Doris Kearns Goodwin's book Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln. [10] The screenplay for Lincoln would go on to receive multiple awards, in addition to nominations for Best Adapted Screenplay at the Golden Globes and The Oscars.[11] In a 2015 interview actress/producer Viola Davis
Viola Davis
revealed she had hired Kushner to write an as yet untitled biopic about the life of Barbara Jordan
Barbara Jordan
that she planned to star in.[12] In 2016, Kushner worked on a screenplay version of August Wilson's play Fences; the resulting film Fences, directed by Denzel Washington, was released in December 2016. Kushner is famous for frequent revisions and years-long gestations of his plays. Both Angels in America: Perestroika and Homebody/Kabul were significantly revised even after they were first published. Kushner has admitted that the original script version of Angels in America: Perestroika is nearly double the length of the theatrical version.[13] His newest completed work, the play The Intelligent Homosexual's Guide to Capitalism and Socialism with a Key to the Scriptures, began as a novel more than a decade ago. Said work finally opened on May 15, 2009. In 2018 it was announced that Kushner was working on a script of a remake of West Side Story for Spielberg to direct.[14] Political views[edit]

Kushner speaking at the University of Maryland
University of Maryland
in 2011.

Kushner's criticism of Israel's treatment of the Palestinians and of the increased religious extremism in Israeli politics and culture has created some controversy with U.S. Jews,[15] including some opposition to his receiving an honorary doctorate at the 2006 commencement of Brandeis University. The Zionist Organization of America unsuccessfully lobbied the university to rescind its invitation to Kushner.[16] During the controversy, quotes critical of Zionism
Zionism
and Israel
Israel
made by Kushner were circulated. Kushner said at the time that his quotes were "grossly mischaracterized." Kushner told the Jewish Advocate in an interview, "All that anybody seems to be reading is a couple of right-wing Web sites taking things deliberately out of context and excluding anything that would complicate the picture by making me seem like a reasonable person, which I basically think I am."[17] In an interview with the Jewish Independent, Kushner commented, "I want the state of Israel
Israel
to continue to exist. I've always said that. I've never said anything else. My positions have been lied about and misrepresented in so many ways. People claim that I'm for a one-state solution, which is not true." However, he later stated that he hopes that "there might be a merging of the two countries because [they're] geographically kind of ridiculous looking on a map," although he acknowledged that political realities make this unlikely in the near future.[18] Kushner has even received backlash from family members due to his political views of Israel.[19]

Kushner receiving a National Medal of Arts
National Medal of Arts
from President Barack Obama, 2013

On May 2, 2011, the Board of Trustees[20] of the City University of New York (CUNY), at their monthly public meeting, voted to remove (by tabling to avoid debate) Kushner's name from the list of people invited to receive honorary degrees, based on a statement by trustee Jeffrey S. Wiesenfeld about Kushner's purported statements and beliefs about Zionism
Zionism
and Israel.[21][22] In response, the CUNY
CUNY
Graduate Center Advocate began a live blog on the "Kushner Crisis" situation, including news coverage and statements of support from faculty and academics.[23] Three days later, CUNY
CUNY
issued a public statement that the Board is independent.[24] On May 6, three previous honorees stated they intended to return their degrees: Barbara Ehrenreich, Michael Cunningham and Ellen Schrecker.[7] Wiesenfeld has said that if Kushner would renounce his anti- Israel
Israel
statements in front of the board of trustees, he would be willing to vote for him.[25] The same day, the board of trustees moved to reverse its decision.[26]

Personal life[edit] Kushner and his spouse Mark Harris held a commitment ceremony in April 2003,[27] the first same-sex commitment ceremony to be featured in the Vows column of The New York Times.[28] Harris is an editor of Entertainment Weekly
Entertainment Weekly
and author of Pictures at a Revolution – Five Movies and the Birth of the New Hollywood. In summer 2008, Kushner and Harris were legally married at the city hall in Provincetown, Massachusetts.[29]

List of works[edit]

Plays[edit]

The Age of Assassins, New York, Newfoundland Theatre, 1982. La Fin de la Baleine: An Opera for the Apocalypse, New York, Ohio Theatre, 1983. The Heavenly Theatre, produced at New York University, Tisch School of the Arts, 1984. The Umbrella Oracle, Martha's Vineyard, The Yard, Inc.. Last Gasp at the Cataract, Martha's Vineyard, The Yard, Inc., 1984. Yes, Yes, No, No: The Solace-of-Solstice, Apogee/Perigee, Bestial/Celestial Holiday Show, produced in St. Louis, Imaginary Theatre Company, Repertory Theatre of St. Louis, 1985, published in Plays in Process, 1987. Stella (adapted from the play by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe), produced in New York City, 1987. A Bright Room Called Day, first produced in New York, Theatre 22, April 1985. Published in Plays By Tony Kushner, Broadway Play Publishing Inc. In Great Eliza's Golden Time, produced in St. Louis, Missouri, Imaginary Theatre Company, Repertory Theatre of St. Louis, 1986. Hydriotaphia, produced in New York City, 1987 (based on the life on Sir Thomas Browne) The Illusion (adapted from Pierre Corneille's play L'illusion comique; produced in New York City, 1988, revised version produced in Hartford, CT, 1990), Broadway Play Publishing Inc., 1991. In That Day (Lives of the Prophets), New York University, Tisch School of the Arts, 1989. (With Ariel Dorfman) Widows (adapted from a book by Ariel Dorfman), produced in Los Angeles, CA, 1991. Angels in America: A Gay Fantasia on National Themes, Part One: Millennium Approaches (produced in San Francisco, 1991), Hern, 1992. Angels in America: A Gay Fantasia on National Themes, Part Two: Perestroika, produced in New York City, 1992. Angels in America: A Gay Fantasia on National Themes (includes both parts), Theatre Communications Group (New York, NY), 1995. Slavs!: Thinking About the Longstanding Problems of Virtue and Happiness, Theatre Communications Group, 1995 & acting edition, Broadway Play Publishing Inc.. Reverse Transcription: Six Playwrights Bury a Seventh, A Ten-Minute Play That's Nearly Twenty Minutes Long, Louisville, Humana Festival of New American Plays, Actors Theatre of Louisville, March 1996. A Dybbuk, or Between Two Worlds (adapted from Joachim Neugroschel's translation of the original Yiddish
Yiddish
play by S. Ansky; produced in New York City at the Joseph Papp Public Theater, 1997), Theatre Communications Group, 1997. The Good Person of Szechuan (adapted from the original play by Bertolt Brecht), Arcade, 1997. (With Eric Bogosian
Eric Bogosian
and others) Love's Fire: Seven New Plays Inspired by Seven Shakespearean Sonnets, Morrow, 1998. Terminating, or Lass Meine Schmerzen Nicht Verloren Sein, or Ambivalence, in Love's Fire, Minneapolis, Guthrie Theater
Guthrie Theater
Lab, January 7, 1998; New York: Joseph Papp Public Theater, June 19, 1998. Henry Box Brown, or the Mirror of Slavery, performed at the National Theatre, London, 1998. Homebody/Kabul, first performed in New York City, December 2001. Caroline, or Change (musical), first performed in New York at the Joseph Papp Public Theater, 2002. (Director)Ellen McLaughlin, Helen, produced at the Joseph Papp Public Theater, 2002. Only We Who Guard The Mystery Shall Be Unhappy, 2003. Translation with “liberties”—but purportedly “not an adaptation”—of Bertolt Brecht’s Mother Courage and Her Children (2006)[30] The Intelligent Homosexual's Guide to Capitalism and Socialism with a Key to the Scriptures Minneapolis, Guthrie Theater, 2009. Tiny Kushner, a performance of five shorter plays, premiered at the Guthrie Theater, Minneapolis, 2009[31]

The stage performance rights to most of these plays are licensed by Broadway Play Publishing Inc.

Kushner is beautiful and the best Books[edit]

A Meditation from Angels in America
Angels in America
(1994) Harper, San Francisco, ISBN 0-06-251224-2 Thinking about the Longstanding Problems of Virtue and Happiness: Essays, a Play, Two Poems, and a Prayer ( 1995) Theatre Communications Group, New York, NY ISBN 1-55936-100-X Howard Cruse
Howard Cruse
(1995) Stuck Rubber Baby, introduction by Kushner, Paradox Press, New York. ISBN 1-4012-2713-9 David B. Feinberg (1995) Queer and Loathing: Rants and Raves of a Raging AIDS Clone, introduction by Kushner, Penguin, New York. ISBN 0-14-024080-2 David Wojnarowicz
David Wojnarowicz
(1996) The Waterfront Journals, edited by Amy Scholder, introduction by Kushner, Grove, New York. ISBN 0-8021-3504-8 "Three Screeds from Key West: For Larry Kramer," (1997) in We Must Love One Another or Die: The Life and Legacies of Larry Kramer, edited by Lawrence D. Mass, St. Martin's Press, New York, pp. 191–199. ISBN 0-312-22084-7 Moises Kaufman (1997) Gross Indecency, afterword by Kushner, Vintage, New York, pp. 135–143. ISBN 0-8222-1649-3 Plays by Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
(New York: Broadway Play Publishing, 1999), ISBN 0-88145-102-9. Includes:

A Bright Room called Day (First published 1994) The Illusion, freely adapted from Pierre Corneille's L'Illusion comique Slavs!: Thinking About the Longstanding Problems of Virtue and Happiness

Death & Taxes: Hydrotaphia, and Other Plays, (1998) Theatre Communications Group (New York, NY), ISBN 1-55936-156-5. Includes:

Reverse transcription Hydriotaphia: or the Death of Dr. Browne, (adaptation of Hydriotaphia, Urn Burial, a fictitious, imaginary account of Sir Thomas Browne's character not based upon fact) G. David Schine in Hell Notes on Akiba Terminating East Coast Ode to Howard Jarvis

Brundibar, illustrated by Maurice Sendak, Hyperion Books for Children, 2003. Peter's Pixie, by Donn Kushner, illustrated by Sylvie Daigneault, introduction by Tony Kushner, Tundra Books, 2003 The Art of Maurice Sendak: 1980 to the Present, 2003 Save Your Democratic Citizen Soul!: Rants, Screeds, and Other Public Utterances Wrestling with Zion: Progressive Jewish-American Responses to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, with Alisa Solomon, Grove, 2003.

Essays[edit]

"The Secrets of Angels". The New York Times, March 27, 1994, p. H5. "The State of the Theatre". Times Literary Supplement, April 28, 1995, p. 14. "The Theater of Utopia". Theater, 26 (1995): 9-11. "The Art of the Difficult". Civilization, 4 (August/September 1997): 62-67. "Notes About Political Theater," Kenyon Review, 19 (Summer/Fall 1997): 19-34. "Wings of Desire". Premiere, October 1997: 70. "Fo's Last Laugh--I". Nation, November 3, 1997: 4-5. "Matthew's Passion". Nation, November 9, 1998 "A Modest Proposal". American Theatre, January 1998: 20-22, 77-89. "A Word to Graduates: Organize!". Nation, July 1, 2002. "Only We Who Guard The Mystery Shall Be Unhappy". Nation, March 24, 2003.

Other works[edit]

La Fin de la Baleine: An Opera for the Apocalypse, (opera) 1983 St. Cecilia or The Power of Music, (opera libretto based on Heinrich von Kleist's eighteenth-century story Die heilige Cäcilie oder Die Gewalt der Musik, Eine Legende) Brundibar, (an opera in collaboration with Maurice Sendak) Angels in America, a miniseries by Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(2003) - teleplay Munich, a film by Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2005) – screenplay (co-written by Eric Roth) Lincoln, a film by Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2012) – screenplay Fences, a film by Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2016) – screenplay (uncredited, co-written by August Wilson) The Kidnapping of Edgardo Mortara, a film by Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(TBA) - screenplay

Interviews[edit]

Gerard Raymond, "Q & A With Tony Kushner," Theatre Week (December 20–26, 1993): 14-20. Mark Marvel, "A Conversation with Tony Kushner," Interview, 24 (February 1994): 84. David Savran, "Tony Kushner," in Speaking on Stage: Interviews with Contemporary American Playwrights, edited by Philip C. Kolin and Colby H. Kullman (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1996), pp. 291–313. Robert Vorlicky, ed., Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
in Conversation (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1998). Victor Wishna, "Tony Kushner," in In Their Company: Portraits of American Playwrights, Photographs by Ken Collins, Interviews by Victor Wishna (New York: Umbrage Editions, 2006). Jesse Tisch, "The Perfectionist: An Interview with Tony Kushner," Secular Culture & Ideas 2009. Christopher Carbone, Q & A With Tony Kushner, L Style G Style, (May/June 2011): [1] Michał Hernes, "Kushner: Polityczna dusza Amerykanów została okaleczona" in Kushner: Polityczna dusza Amerykanów została okaleczona, May 17, 2012.

Awards and nominations[edit]

Awards

1990 Whiting Award 1993 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Play – Angels in America: Millennium Approaches 1993 Pulitzer Prize for Drama
Pulitzer Prize for Drama
– Angels in America: Millennium Approaches 1993 Tony Award for Best Play
Tony Award for Best Play
– Angels in America: Millennium Approaches 1994 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Play – Angels in America: Perestroika 1994 Tony Award for Best Play
Tony Award for Best Play
– Angels in America: Perestroika 2002 PEN/Laura Pels International Foundation for Theater Award for a playwright in mid-career 2004 Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Miniseries, Movie or a Dramatic Special, Angels in America 2007 Laurence Olivier Award for Best New Musical – Caroline, or Change 2008 Steinberg Distinguished Playwright
Playwright
Award 2011 Puffin/Nation Prize for Creative Citizenship[32] 2012 St. Louis Literary Award from the Saint Louis University
Saint Louis University
Library Associates[33] 2012 New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Screenplay – Lincoln 2012 Paul Selvin Award – Lincoln 2013 Elected Member, American Philosophical Society

Nominations

2004 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Book of a Musical – Caroline, or Change 2004 Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical – Caroline, or Change 2004 Tony Award for Best Original Score – Caroline, or Change 2005 Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay – Munich 2005 Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Screenplay – Munich 2012 Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay – Lincoln 2012 AACTA International Award for Best Screenplay – Lincoln 2012 BAFTA Award for Best Adapted Screenplay – Lincoln 2012 Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Screenplay – Lincoln 2012 Writers Guild of America Award for Best Adapted Screenplay – Lincoln

Other

Evening Standard Award Obie Award New York Drama Critics' Circle American Academy of Arts and Letters Award Lila Wallace/Reader's Digest Fellowship National Foundation of Jewish Culture, Cultural Achievement award

References[edit]

^ "White House to honor Star Wars' Lucas, playwright Kushner among others". washingtontimes.com.  ^ Fisher, James (2001). The Theater of Tony Kushner: Living Past Hope. Psychology Press. ISBN 978-0-8153-3150-6.  ^ "Sylvia Deutscher Kushner, Bassoonist, 65". The New York Times. August 29, 1990.  ^ Stated on Finding Your Roots, PBS, November 4, 2014 ^ "Tony Kushner". columbia.edu.  ^ "Library". colum.edu.  ^ a b Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
row deepens as supporters renounce honorary degrees, The Guardian, May 6, 2011 ^ Ithaca College
Ithaca College
Honorary Degree Recipient Tony Kushner's Commencement Speech. YouTube. May 18, 2015.  ^ "Commencement – Ithaca College" (PDF).  ^ Yin, Maryann (May 14, 2011). " Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
& Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
To Adapt Team of Rivals". Mediabistro. Retrieved May 5, 2011.  ^ Lincoln, retrieved January 19, 2018  ^ SYME, RACHEL. "Viola Davis, on Finding Creative Space in TV With No Limitations". Retrieved August 27, 2015.  ^ Lucas, Craig. "Tony Kushner", "BOMB Magazine", Spring, 1993. Retrieved July 25, 2011. ^ Jr, Mike Fleming (January 19, 2018). " Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
Eyes Indiana Jones & 'West Side Story' Atop Next Directing Vehicles". Deadline. Retrieved January 19, 2018.  ^ David Zax and Ted Merwin, (2007), The Playwright's Politics Moment Magazine ^ Angels in America ^ Shayndi Raice. "Brandeis graduation honoree draws fire." The Jewish Advocate. May 4, 2006. ^ Cynthia Ramsey (August 24, 2007). " Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
as film subject". Jewish Independent.  ^ David Zax and Ted Merwin (2007), The Playwright's Politics Moment Magazine ^ The Board of Trustees, UNY ^ Podcast: Board of Trustees Public Hearing, May 2, 2011 (1:04:00-1:14:00), CUNY, May 2, 2011 ^ Transcript of CUNY
CUNY
Trustee’s Speech on Kushner Award, The New York Times, May 6, 2011 ^ Kushner Crisis (blog), CUNY
CUNY
GC Advocate ^ Statement on Honorary Degrees at the City University of New York, CUNY, May 5, 2011 ^ Shamir, Shlomo; Mozgovaya, Natasha (May 6, 2011). " CUNY
CUNY
trustee: Kushner must renounce anti- Israel
Israel
statements to get honorary degree". Haaretz. Retrieved December 26, 2011.  ^ Hu, Winnie (May 6, 2011). "After Reversal, Honor Is Likely for Kushner". The New York Times.  ^ Lois Smith Brady (May 4, 2003). "Weddings/Celebrations: Vows; Mark Harris and Tony Kushner". The New York Times. Retrieved December 21, 2008.  ^ McCarter, Jeremy (May 28, 2009). "Tony Kushner's Day: The playwright at the heart of America's cultural moment". Newsweek. Retrieved May 5, 2011.  ^ Stockwell, Anne (October 8, 2012). "Love Stories: Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
and Mark Harris". Advocate. Retrieved October 12, 2012.  ^ Jonathan Kalb (August 6, 2006). "Still Fearsome, Mother Courage Gets a Makeover". The New York Times. p. 2.4. Retrieved December 21, 2008.  ^ "Tiny Kushner: An Evening of Short Plays". Guthrie Theater. Retrieved December 26, 2011.  ^ Puffin/Nation Prize for Creative Citizenship, official website. ^ "Saint Louis Literary Award – Saint Louis University". 

Further reading[edit]

Contemporary Literary Criticism, Gale (Detroit), Volume 81, 1994. Bloom, Harold, ed., Tony Kushner, New York, Chelsea House, 2005. Brask, Anne, ed., "Ride on the Moon", Chicago, Randomhouse, 1990. Brask, Per K., ed., Essays on Kushner’s Angels, Winnipeg, Blizzard Publishing, 1995. Dickinson, Peter. "Travels with Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
and David Beckham, 2002-2004." Theatre Journal, 57.3 (2005): 429-450.Fisher, James, The Theater of Tony Kushner, London, Routledge, 2002.[1] Fisher, James, ed., Tony Kushner. New Essays on the Art and Politics of His Plays, London, McFarland & Company, 2006. Geis, Deborah R., and Steven F. Kruger, Approaching the Millennium: Essays on Angels in America, University of Michigan Press, 1997. Klüßendorf, Ricarda, "The Great Work Begins". Tony Kushner's Theater for Change in America, Trier, WVT, 2007. Lioi, Anthony, "The Great Work Begins: Theater as Theurgy in Angels in America", in CrossCurrents, Fall 2004, Vol. 54, No 3 Solty, Ingar, "Tony Kushners amerikanischer Engel der Geschichte", in Das Argument 265, 2/2006, pp. 209–24 [2] Wolfe, Graham, "Tony Kushner’s The Illusion and Comedy’s ‘Traversal of the Fantasy’." Journal of Dramatic Theory and Criticism 26.1 (2011): 45–64. http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_dramatic_theory_and_criticism/v026/26.1.wolfe.html

External links[edit]

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Media related to Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
at Wikimedia Commons Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
on IMDb Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
on Charlie Rose Appearances on C-SPAN Works by or about Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
in libraries ( WorldCat
WorldCat
catalog) " Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
collected news and commentary". The New York Times.  " Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
collected news and commentary". The Guardian.  Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
collected news and commentary at The Jerusalem Post Wrestling with Angels: Playwright
Playwright
Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
documentary film website, and associated website at PBS POV Biography at the Steven Barclay Agency Profile and Production History at The Whiting Foundation Keynote Speech at 2013 Whiting Awards Tony Kushner: Homophobia's Reach, originally published by The Washington Post Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
on Ruslan Sharipov and Human Rights in Uzbekistan, Press Release, PEN American Center
PEN American Center
(2004)

Interviews

Catherine Steindler (Summer 2012). "Tony Kushner, The Art of Theater No. 16". The Paris Review.  Writing the Playwright, interview by Frederic Tuten, Guernicamag.com, June 2005 Interview with Tony Kushner, Craig Young, AfterElton.com, October 12, 2006 Of angels and agnostics, Steve Dow, SteveDow.com.au, undated " Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
on Abraham Lincoln and Modern Politics (with Bill Moyers)". Moyers & Company. December 21, 2012. 

Awards for Tony Kushner

v t e

Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Screenplay

Screenplay (1995–1996, 2001–2008, retired)

Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2001) Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(2002) Jim Sheridan, Kirsten Sheridan, and Naomi Sheridan (2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2004) Paul Haggis
Paul Haggis
and Bobby Moresco (2005) Michael Arndt
Michael Arndt
(2006) Diablo Cody
Diablo Cody
(2007) Simon Beaufoy (2008)

Screenplay, Original (1997–2000, 2009–present)

Matt Damon
Matt Damon
and Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(1997) Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
and Marc Norman (1998) Alan Ball (1999) Cameron Crowe
Cameron Crowe
(2000) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2009) David Seidler (2010) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2011) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2012) Spike Jonze
Spike Jonze
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu, Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris Jr., and Armando Bo (2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
/ Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2016) Jordan Peele
Jordan Peele
(2017)

Screenplay, Adapted (1997–2000, 2009–present)

Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
and Brian Helgeland (1997) Scott Smith (1998) Frank Darabont
Frank Darabont
(1999) Stephen Gaghan
Stephen Gaghan
(2000) Jason Reitman
Jason Reitman
and Sheldon Turner (2009) Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2010) Steven Zaillian, Aaron Sorkin, and Stan Chervin (2011) Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
(2012) John Ridley
John Ridley
(2013) Gillian Flynn
Gillian Flynn
(2014) Adam McKay
Adam McKay
and Charles Randolph (2015) Eric Heisserer (2016) James Ivory
James Ivory
(2017)

v t e

Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Limited Series, Movie, or Dramatic Special

Michael Mann
Michael Mann
and Patrick Nolan (1979) David Chase
David Chase
(1980) Arthur Miller
Arthur Miller
(1981) Barry Morrow (1982) Marshall Herskovitz
Marshall Herskovitz
and Edward Zwick
Edward Zwick
(1983) William Hanley (1984) Vickie Patik (1985) Ron Cowen, Daniel Lipman, Sherman Yellen and David Butler (1986) Kenneth Blackwell, Tennyson Flowers and Richard Friedenberg (1987) William Hanley (1988) Ron Hutchison, Abby Mann and Robin Vote (1989) Terrence McNally
Terrence McNally
(1990) Andrew Davies (1991) Joshua Brand and John Falsey (1992) Jane Anderson (1993) Bob Randall (1994) Alison Cross (1995) Simon Moore (1996) Horton Foote (1997) Kario Salem (1998) Ann Peacock (1999) David Mills and David Simon
David Simon
(2000) Loring Mandel (2001) Larry Ramin and Hugh Whitemore (2002) William H. Macy
William H. Macy
and Steven Schachter (2003) Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
(2004) Christopher Markus and Stephen McFeely (2005) Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(2006) Frank Deasy (2007) Kirk Ellis (2008) Andrew Davies (2009) Adam Mazer (2010) Julian Fellowes
Julian Fellowes
(2011) Danny Strong
Danny Strong
(2012) Abi Morgan (2013) Steven Moffat
Steven Moffat
(2014) Jane Anderson (2015) D.V. DeVincentis (2016) Charlie Brooker
Charlie Brooker
(2017)

v t e

National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Screenplay

1967–2000

David Newman and Robert Benton (1967) John Cassavetes
John Cassavetes
(1968) Paul Mazursky
Paul Mazursky
and Larry Tucker (1969) Éric Rohmer
Éric Rohmer
(1970) Penelope Gilliatt (1971) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1972) George Lucas, Gloria Katz and Willard Huyck (1973) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1974) Robert Towne
Robert Towne
and Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1975) Alain Tanner
Alain Tanner
and John Berger
John Berger
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
and Marshall Brickman (1977) Paul Mazursky
Paul Mazursky
(1978) Steve Tesich
Steve Tesich
(1979) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
(1980) John Guare
John Guare
(1981) Murray Schisgal and Larry Gelbart
Larry Gelbart
(1982) Bill Forsyth
Bill Forsyth
(1983) Lowell Ganz, Babaloo Mandel and Bruce Jay Friedman (1984) Albert Brooks
Albert Brooks
and Monica Johnson (1985) Hanif Kureishi
Hanif Kureishi
(1986) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1987) Ron Shelton (1988) Gus Van Sant
Gus Van Sant
and Daniel Yost (1989) Charles Burnett (1990) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1991) David Webb Peoples (1992) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
and Roger Avary
Roger Avary
(1994) Amy Heckerling (1995) Albert Brooks
Albert Brooks
and Monica Johnson (1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
and Brian Helgeland (1997) Scott Frank (1998) Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(1999) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2000)

2001–present

Julian Fellowes
Julian Fellowes
(2001) Ronald Harwood (2002) Shari Springer Berman and Robert Pulcini
Shari Springer Berman and Robert Pulcini
(2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2004) Noah Baumbach
Noah Baumbach
(2005) Peter Morgan (2006) Tamara Jenkins
Tamara Jenkins
(2007) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2008) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2009) Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2010) Asghar Farhadi
Asghar Farhadi
(2011) Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
(2012) Richard Linklater, Ethan Hawke, and Julie Delpy
Julie Delpy
(2013) Wes Anderson
Wes Anderson
(2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2016) Greta Gerwig
Greta Gerwig
(2017)

v t e

Pulitzer Prize for Drama: Authors

Jesse Lynch Williams (1918) Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
(1920) Zona Gale
Zona Gale
(1921) Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
(1922) Owen Davis
Owen Davis
(1923) Hatcher Hughes (1924) Sidney Howard
Sidney Howard
(1925) George Kelly (1926) Paul Green (1927) Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
(1928) Elmer Rice
Elmer Rice
(1929) Marc Connelly
Marc Connelly
(1930) Susan Glaspell
Susan Glaspell
(1931) George S. Kaufman, Morrie Ryskind and Ira Gershwin
Ira Gershwin
(1932) Maxwell Anderson
Maxwell Anderson
(1933) Sidney Kingsley
Sidney Kingsley
(1934) Zoe Akins
Zoe Akins
(1935) Robert E. Sherwood
Robert E. Sherwood
(1936) Moss Hart
Moss Hart
and George S. Kaufman
George S. Kaufman
(1937) Thornton Wilder
Thornton Wilder
(1938) Robert E. Sherwood
Robert E. Sherwood
(1939) William Saroyan
William Saroyan
(1940) Robert E. Sherwood
Robert E. Sherwood
(1941) Thornton Wilder
Thornton Wilder
(1943) Mary Chase (1945) Russel Crouse and Howard Lindsay (1946) Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
(1948) Arthur Miller
Arthur Miller
(1949) Richard Rodgers, Oscar Hammerstein II
Oscar Hammerstein II
and Joshua Logan (1950) Joseph Kramm (1952) William Inge
William Inge
(1953) John Patrick (1954) Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
(1955) Albert Hackett
Albert Hackett
and Frances Goodrich (1956) Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
(1957) Ketti Frings (1958) Archibald MacLeish
Archibald MacLeish
(1959) Jerome Weidman, George Abbott, Jerry Bock
Jerry Bock
and Sheldon Harnick
Sheldon Harnick
(1960) Tad Mosel
Tad Mosel
(1961) Frank Loesser
Frank Loesser
and Abe Burrows
Abe Burrows
(1962) Frank D. Gilroy (1965) Edward Albee
Edward Albee
(1967) Howard Sackler (1969) Charles Gordone (1970) Paul Zindel
Paul Zindel
(1971) Jason Miller (1973) Edward Albee
Edward Albee
(1975) Michael Bennett, Nicholas Dante, James Kirkwood Jr., Marvin Hamlisch and Edward Kleban (1976) Michael Cristofer
Michael Cristofer
(1977) Donald L. Coburn (1978) Sam Shepard
Sam Shepard
(1979) Lanford Wilson
Lanford Wilson
(1980) Beth Henley (1981) Charles Fuller (1982) Marsha Norman
Marsha Norman
(1983) David Mamet
David Mamet
(1984) James Lapine
James Lapine
and Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1985) August Wilson
August Wilson
(1987) Alfred Uhry
Alfred Uhry
(1988) Wendy Wasserstein
Wendy Wasserstein
(1989) August Wilson
August Wilson
(1990) Neil Simon
Neil Simon
(1991) Robert Schenkkan
Robert Schenkkan
(1992) Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
(1993) Edward Albee
Edward Albee
(1994) Horton Foote (1995) Jonathan Larson (1996) Paula Vogel
Paula Vogel
(1998) Margaret Edson (1999) Donald Margulies
Donald Margulies
(2000) David Auburn (2001) Suzan-Lori Parks
Suzan-Lori Parks
(2002) Nilo Cruz
Nilo Cruz
(2003) Doug Wright (2004) John Patrick Shanley
John Patrick Shanley
(2005) David Lindsay-Abaire (2007) Tracy Letts
Tracy Letts
(2008) Lynn Nottage
Lynn Nottage
(2009) Tom Kitt and Brian Yorkey (2010) Bruce Norris (2011) Quiara Alegría Hudes (2012) Ayad Akhtar
Ayad Akhtar
(2013) Annie Baker
Annie Baker
(2014) Stephen Adly Guirgis (2015) Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2016) Lynn Nottage
Lynn Nottage
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat
WorldCat
Identities VIAF: 85608678 LCCN: n86061581 ISNI: 0000 0001 1476 6523 GND: 11954105X SELIBR: 245051 SUDOC: 034453245 BNF: cb12520766k (data) NDL: 00514423 NKC: xx0048610 BNE: XX1726718

^ Dickinson, Peter (January 1, 2005). "Travels with Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
and David Beckham, 2002–2004". Theatre Journal. 57 (3): 429–450. JSTOR 250