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The Antoinette Perry
Antoinette Perry
Award for Excellence in Broadway Theatre,[1] more commonly known as the Tony Award, recognizes excellence in live Broadway theatre. The awards are presented by the American Theatre Wing and The Broadway League[2] at an annual ceremony in New York City. The awards are given for Broadway productions and performances, and an award is given for regional theatre. Several discretionary non-competitive awards are also given, including a Special
Special
Tony Award, the Tony Honors for Excellence in Theatre, and the Isabelle Stevenson Award.[3] The awards are named after Antoinette "Tony" Perry, co-founder of the American Theatre
American Theatre
Wing. The rules for the Tony Awards are set forth in the official document "Rules and Regulations of The American Theatre
American Theatre
Wing's Tony Awards", which applies for that season only.[4] The Tony Awards are considered the highest U.S. theatre honor, the New York theatre industry's equivalent to the Academy Awards
Academy Awards
(Oscars) for film, the Emmy Awards for television, and the Grammy Awards for music. It also forms the fourth spoke in the EGOT, that is someone who has won all four awards. The Tony Awards are also considered the equivalent of the Laurence Olivier Awards in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and the Molière Awards in France. From 1997 to 2010, the Tony Awards ceremony was held at Radio City Music Hall in New York City
New York City
in June and broadcast live on CBS television, except in 1999, when it was held at the Gershwin Theatre.[5] In 2011 and 2012, the ceremony was held at the Beacon Theatre.[6] From 2013 to 2015, the 67th, 68th, and 69th ceremonies returned to Radio City Music Hall.[7] The 70th Tony Awards
70th Tony Awards
was held on June 12, 2016 at the Beacon Theatre. The 71st Tony Awards
71st Tony Awards
was held on June 11, 2017 at Radio City Music Hall
Radio City Music Hall
with Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
as host.[8]

Contents

1 Award categories 2 History

2.1 The medallion

3 Details of the Tony Awards

3.1 Rules for a new play or musical 3.2 Committees and voters 3.3 Eligibility date (Season) 3.4 Broadway theatre

4 Criticism 5 Award milestones 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Award categories[edit] As of 2014[update], there are 26 categories of awards, plus several special awards. Starting with 11 awards in 1947, the names and number of categories have changed over the years. Some examples: the category Best Book of a Musical was originally called "Best Author (Musical)". The category of Best Costume Design was one of the original awards. For two years, in 1960 and 1961, this category was split into Best Costume Designer (Dramatic) and Best Costume Designer (Musical). It then went to a single category, but in 2005 it was divided again. For the category of Best Director of a Play, a single category was for directors of plays and musicals prior to 1960.[9] A newly established non-competitive award, The Isabelle Stevenson Award, was given for the first time at the awards ceremony in 2009. The award is for an individual who has made a "substantial contribution of volunteered time and effort on behalf of one or more humanitarian, social service or charitable organizations".[10] The category of Best Special
Special
Theatrical Event was retired as of the 2009–2010 season.[11] The categories of Best Sound Design of a Play and Best Sound Design of a Musical were retired as of the 2014-2015 season.[12] On April 24, 2017, the Tony Awards administration committee announced that the Sound Design Award would be reintroduced for the 2017-2018 season.[13] Performance categories

Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Play Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Play Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Play Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical

Show and technical categories

Best Musical Best Revival of a Musical Best Direction of a Musical Best Book of a Musical Best Original Score Best Orchestrations Best Choreography Best Scenic Design in a Musical Best Costume Design in a Musical Best Lighting Design in a Musical Best Sound Design of a Musical Best Play Best Revival of a Play Best Direction of a Play Best Scenic Design in a Play Best Costume Design in a Play Best Lighting Design in a Play Best Sound Design of a Play

Special
Special
awards

Regional Theatre Tony Award Special Tony Award (includes Lifetime Achievement Award) Tony Honors for Excellence in Theatre Isabelle Stevenson Award

Retired awards

Best Author Best Conductor and Musical Director Best Costume Design (split into two categories: Best Costume Design in a Musical and Best Costume Design in a Play) Best Lighting Design (split into two categories: Best Lighting Design in a Musical and Best Lighting Design in a Play) Best Newcomer Best Revival (split into two categories: Best Revival of a Musical and Best Revival of a Play) Best Scenic Design (split into two categories: Best Scenic Design in a Musical and Best Scenic Design in a Play) Best Stage Technician Best Special
Special
Theatrical Event Best Director (split into two categories: Best Direction of a Musical and Best Direction of a Play)

History[edit] Main article: List of Tony Awards ceremonies

Former logo

The award was founded in 1947 by a committee of the American Theatre Wing headed by Brock Pemberton. The award is named after Antoinette Perry, nicknamed Tony, an actress, director, producer and co-founder of the American Theatre
American Theatre
Wing, who died in 1946.[14] As her official biography at the Tony Awards website states, "At [ Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
story editor] Jacob Wilk's suggestion, [Pemberton] proposed an award in her honor for distinguished stage acting and technical achievement. At the initial event in 1947, as he handed out an award, he called it a Tony. The name stuck."[15] The first awards ceremony was held on April 6, 1947, at the Waldorf Astoria hotel in New York City.[16] The first prizes were "a scroll, cigarette lighter and articles of jewelry such as 14-carat gold compacts and bracelets for the women, and money clips for the men."[17] It was not until the third awards ceremony in 1949 that the first Tony medallion was given to award winners.[17] Awarded by a panel of approximately 868 voters (as of 2014)[18] from various areas of the entertainment industry and press. Since 1967, the award ceremony has been broadcast on U.S. national television and includes songs from the nominated musicals, and occasionally has included video clips of, or presentations about, nominated plays. The American Theatre Wing
American Theatre Wing
and The Broadway League jointly present and administer the awards. Audience size for the telecast is generally well below that of the Academy Awards
Academy Awards
shows, but the program reaches an affluent audience, which is prized by advertisers. According to a June 2003 article in The New York Times: "What the Tony broadcast does have, say CBS
CBS
officials, is an all-important demographic: rich and smart. Jack Sussman, CBS's senior vice president in charge of specials, said the Tony show sold almost all its advertising slots shortly after CBS
CBS
announced it would present the three hours. 'It draws upscale premium viewers who are attractive to upscale premium advertisers,' Mr. Sussman said..."[19][20] The viewership has declined from the early years of its broadcast history (for example, the number of viewers in 1974 was 20,026,000, in 1999 9,155,000) but has settled into between six and eight million viewers for most of the decade of the 2000s.[21] In contrast, the 2009 Oscar telecast had 36.3 million viewers.[22] The medallion[edit] The Tony Award
Tony Award
medallion was designed by art director Herman Rosse
Herman Rosse
and is a mix of mostly brass and a little bronze, with a nickel plating on the outside; a black acrylic glass base, and the nickel-plated pewter swivel.[23] The face of the medallion portrays an adaptation of the comedy and tragedy masks. Originally, the reverse side had a relief profile of Antoinette Perry; this later was changed to contain the winner's name, award category, production and year. The medallion has been mounted on a black base since 1967.[24][25] A larger base was introduced in time for the 2010 award ceremony. The new base is slightly taller – 5 inches (13 cm), up from 3 1⁄4 inches (8.3 cm) – and heavier – 3 1⁄2 pounds (1.6 kg), up from 1 1⁄2 pounds (680 grams). This change was implemented to make the award "feel more substantial" and easier to handle at the moment the award is presented to the winners. According to Howard Sherman, the executive director of the American Theatre
American Theatre
Wing:

We know the physical scale of the Oscars, Emmys and Grammys he said. While we're not attempting to keep up with the Joneses, we felt this is a significant award, and it could feel and look a bit more significant... By adding height, now someone can grip the Tony, raise it over their head in triumph and not worry about keeping their grip he said. Believe me, you can tell the difference.[26]

For the specific Tony Awards presented to a Broadway production, awards are given to the author and up to two of the producers free of charge. All other members of the above-the-title producing team are eligible to purchase the physical award. Sums collected are designed to help defray the cost of the Tony Awards ceremony itself. An award cost $400 as of at least 2000, $750 as of at least 2009, and, as of 2013, had been $2,500 "for several years", according to Tony Award Productions.[27] Details of the Tony Awards[edit] Source: Tony Awards Official Site, Rules[18] Rules for a new play or musical[edit] For the purposes of the award, a new play or musical is one that has not previously been produced on Broadway and is not "determined to be 'classic' or in the historical or popular repertoire", as determined by the Administration Committee (per Section (2g) of the Rules and Regulations).[4] The rule about "classic" productions was instituted by the Tony Award
Tony Award
Administration Committee in 2002, and stated (in summary) "A play or musical that is determined ... to be a 'classic' or in the historical or popular repertoire shall not be eligible for an Award in the Best Play or Best Musical Category but may be eligible in that appropriate Best Revival category."[28] Shows transferred from Off-Broadway or the West End are eligible as "new", as are productions based closely on films. This rule has been the subject of some controversy, as some shows have been ruled ineligible for the "new" category, meaning that their authors did not have a chance to win the important awards of Best Play or Best Musical (or Best Score or Best Book for musicals). On the other hand, some people[who?] feel that allowing plays and musicals that have been frequently produced to be eligible as "new" gives them an unfair advantage, because they will have benefited from additional development time as well as additional familiarity with the Tony voters. Committees and voters[edit] The Tony Awards Administration Committee has twenty-four members: ten designated by the American Theatre
American Theatre
Wing, ten by The Broadway League, and one each by the Dramatists Guild, Actors' Equity Association, United Scenic Artists and the Society of Stage Directors and Choreographers. This committee, among other duties, determines eligibility for nominations in all awards categories.[29] The Tony Awards Nominating Committee makes the nominations for the various categories. This rotating group of theatre professionals is selected by the Tony Awards Administration Committee. Nominators serve three-year terms and are asked to see every new Broadway production.[30] The Nominating Committee for the 2012-13 Broadway season (named in June 2012) had 42 members;[31] the Nominating Committee for the 2014-2015 season has 50 members and was appointed in June 2014.[30] There are approximately 868 eligible Tony Award
Tony Award
voters (as of 2014),[18] a number that changes slightly from year to year. The number was decreased in 2009 when the first-night critics were excluded as voters.[32][33] That decision was changed, and members of the New York Drama Critics' Circle
New York Drama Critics' Circle
were invited to be Tony voters beginning in the 2010-2011 season.[34] The eligible Tony voters include the board of directors and designated members of the advisory committee of the American Theatre
American Theatre
Wing, members of the governing boards of Actors' Equity Association, the Dramatists Guild, the Society of Stage Directors and Choreographers, United Scenic Artists, and the Association of Theatrical Press Agents and Managers, members of the Theatrical Council of the Casting Society of America and voting members of The Broadway League
The Broadway League
(in 2000, what was then The League of American Theaters and Producers changed membership eligibility and Tony voting status from a life-time honor to all above-the-title producers, to ones who had been active in the previous 10 years. This action disenfranchised scores of Tony voters, including Gail Berman, Harve Brosten, Dick Button, Tony Lo Bianco, and Raymond Serra). Eligibility date (Season)[edit] To be eligible for Tony Award
Tony Award
consideration, a production must have officially opened on Broadway by the eligibility date that the Management Committee establishes each year. For example, the cut-off date for eligibility the 2013–2014 season was April 24, 2014.[35] The season for Tony Award
Tony Award
eligibility is defined in the Rules and Regulations. Broadway theatre[edit] A Broadway theatre
Broadway theatre
is defined as having 500 or more seats, among other requirements. While the rules define a Broadway theatre
Broadway theatre
in terms of its size, not its geographical location, the list of Broadway theatres is determined solely by the Tony Awards Administration Committee. As of the 2016–2017 season, the list consisted solely of the 41 theaters located in the vicinity of Times Square
Times Square
in New York City
New York City
and Lincoln Center's Vivian Beaumont Theater.[36][37] Criticism[edit] While the theatre-going public may consider the Tony Awards to be the Oscars of live theatre, critics have suggested that the Tony Awards are primarily a promotional vehicle for a small number of large production companies and theatre owners in New York City.[38][39] In a 2014 Playbill
Playbill
article, Robert Simonson wrote that "Who gets to perform on the Tony Awards broadcast, what they get to perform, and for how long, have long been politically charged questions in the Broadway theatre community..." The producers "accept the situation ... because just as much as actually winning a Tony, a performance that lands well with the viewing public can translate into big box-office sales." Producer Robyn Goodman noted that, if the presentation at the ceremony shows well and the show wins a Tony, "you’re going to spike at the box office". [40] The awards met further criticism when they eliminated the sound design awards in 2014.[41] In 2014, a petition calling for the return of the Sound Design categories received more than 30,000 signatures.[42] Addressing their previous concerns over Tony voters[43] in the category, it was announced that upon the awards' return for the 2017-2018 season, they would be decided by a subset of voters based on their expertise.[13][44][45] Award milestones[edit] Some notable records and facts about the Tony Awards include the following:[46]

Productions

Nominations: The most Tony nominations ever received by a single production was the musical Hamilton (2016) with 16 nominations in 13 categories, narrowly passing the previous holders of this record, The Producers (2001; 15 nominations in 12 categories) and Billy Elliot (2009; 15 nominations in 13 categories). Wins: The most Tony Awards ever received by a single production was the musical The Producers (2001) with 12 awards, including Best Musical. Non-musical wins: The most Tonys ever received by a non-musical play was The Coast of Utopia (2007) with 7 Awards, including Best Play. Most nominated with fewest wins: The musical The Scottsboro Boys (2011) was nominated for 12 Tony Awards but did not win any.[47] It also holds the record for most nominations for a closed show (having closed nearly six months before the Tony Awards). Three productions, all musicals, have won all "big six" awards for their category: South Pacific (1950 awards), Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (1979 Awards) and Hairspray (2003 awards);[48] each won the Best Musical, Best Score, Best Book, Best Performance by a Leading Actor, Best Performance by a Leading Actress and Best Direction awards. Acting Awards: Only one production, South Pacific (1950 awards), has won all four of the acting Awards in a single year. Words and Music: Only five musicals have won the Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Musical when a person had (co-)written the Book (non-sung dialogue and storyline) and the Score (music and lyrics): 1958 winner The Music Man ( Meredith Willson
Meredith Willson
– award for Book and Score did not exist that year), 1986 winner The Mystery of Edwin Drood
Drood
( Rupert Holmes – who also won for Book and Score), 1996 winner Rent ( Jonathan Larson – who also won for Book and Score), 2011 winner The Book of Mormon (Trey Parker, Robert Lopez, and Matt Stone
Matt Stone
also won for Book and Score), and 2016 winner Hamilton ( Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
also won for Book and Score). Design Awards: Eight shows have swept the Design Awards (original 3 of Best Scenic Design, Best Costume Design, Best Lighting Design – joined by Best Sound Design starting in 2008): Follies
Follies
(1972), The Phantom of the Opera (1986), The Lion King (1998), The Producers (2001), The Light in the Piazza (2005), The Coast of Utopia (2007), the 2008 revival of South Pacific (first to sweep the expanded four awards for Creative Arts) and Peter and the Starcatcher
Peter and the Starcatcher
(first straight play to sweep the expanded four awards for Creative Arts) (2012). Revivals: Death of a Salesman
Death of a Salesman
by Arthur Miller
Arthur Miller
in 2012 became the first show (play or musical) to win as Best Production in four different years, Best Play at the 1949 awards, Best Revival at the 1984 awards (before the Best Revival award was split into two categories for Play and Musical in 1994), and Best Revival of a Play at the 1999 and 2012 awards. La Cage aux Folles made history as the first musical to win as Best Production in three different years, Best Musical at the 1984 awards and Best Revival of a Musical at both the 2005 awards and the 2010 awards.

Individuals

Wins: Harold Prince has won 21 Tony Awards, more than anyone else, including eight for Best Direction of a Musical, eight for Best Musical, two for Best Producer of a Musical, and three special Tony Awards. Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
has won ten Tony Awards including three for direction, four for choreography, two for performing, and one special Tony Award. Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
has won more Tony Awards than any other composer, with eight. Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
has won the most Tonys for choreography, also eight. Oliver Smith has won a record eight scenic design Tony Awards. Jules Fisher has won the most lighting design awards, also eight. Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
has the most performance Tony Awards with six. Terrence McNally
Terrence McNally
and Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
are the most awarded writers with four Tonys each; McNally has won Best Play twice and Best Book of a Musical twice, while Stoppard has won Best Play four times. Most nominations: Julie Harris and Chita Rivera
Chita Rivera
have been nominated more often than any other performer, a total of ten times. Performers in two categories: Five performers have been nominated in two acting categories in the same year: Amanda Plummer, Dana Ivey, Kate Burton, Jan Maxwell, and Mark Rylance. Plummer in 1982 was nominated for Best Actress in a Play for A Taste of Honey
A Taste of Honey
and Best Featured Actress in a Play for Agnes of God, for which she won. Ivey in 1984 was nominated as Best Featured Actress in Musical for Sunday in the Park with George and Best Featured Actress in a Play for Heartbreak House. In 2002, Burton was nominated for Best Actress in Play for Hedda Gabler
Hedda Gabler
and Best Featured Actress in a Play for The Elephant Man. Maxwell was nominated in 2010 for Best Actress in a Play for The Royal Family and Best Featured Actress in a Play for Lend Me a Tenor. Rylance was nominated in 2014 for Best Actor in a Play for Richard III
Richard III
and Best Featured Actor in a Play for Twelfth Night, for which he won. Performers in all categories: Five performers have been nominated for all four performance awards for which a performer is eligible.

Boyd Gaines
Boyd Gaines
was the first performer to be nominated for each of Best Featured Actor in a Play in The Heidi Chronicles
The Heidi Chronicles
(1989), Best Actor in a Musical for She Loves Me
She Loves Me
(1994), Best Featured Actor in a Musical for Contact (2000) and Gypsy
Gypsy
(2008) and Best Actor in a Play for Journey's End
Journey's End
(2007). Gaines won in three of the categories (and four of the five nominations), missing only for the performance in Journey's End. Raúl Esparza
Raúl Esparza
was the second performer to be nominated in all four categories (no wins), achieving this over a mere six seasons: Best Featured Actor in a Musical for Taboo (2004), Best Actor in a Musical for Company (2007), Best Featured Actor in a Play for The Homecoming (2008), and Best Actor in a Play for Speed-the-Plow (2009). Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
was the third performer to be nominated for all four performance awards. She won Best Actress in a Musical for Mame (1966), Dear World
Dear World
(1969), Gypsy
Gypsy
(1975), and Sweeney Todd
Sweeney Todd
(1979). She was nominated for Best Actress in a Play for Deuce (2007). She won Best Featured Actress in a Play for Blithe Spirit (2009). She was nominated for Featured Actress in a Musical for A Little Night Music
A Little Night Music
(2010). Jan Maxwell
Jan Maxwell
became the fourth performer to achieve this distinction by being nominated for Best Featured Actress in a Musical for Chitty Chitty Bang Bang (2005), Best Featured Actress in a Play for Coram Boy (2007) and Lend Me a Tenor
Lend Me a Tenor
(2010), Best Actress in a Play for The Royal Family (2010), and Best Actress in a Musical for Follies
Follies
(2012). Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
became the fifth performer to accomplish the feat and the first to win in all four categories, winning Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical for Carousel (1994) and Ragtime (1998), Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Play for Master Class (1996) and A Raisin in the Sun
A Raisin in the Sun
(2004), Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical for Porgy and Bess
Porgy and Bess
(2012), and Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play for Lady Day at Emerson's Bar and Grill (2014). She was nominated for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical for Marie Christine
Marie Christine
(2000) and 110 in the Shade
110 in the Shade
(2007).

Performers Playing Opposite Sex: While several performers have won Tonys for roles that have involved cross dressing, only four have won for playing a character of the opposite sex: Mary Martin
Mary Martin
in the title role of Peter Pan (1955), Harvey Fierstein
Harvey Fierstein
as Edna Turnblad in Hairspray (2003), Mark Rylance
Mark Rylance
as Olivia in Twelfth Night
Twelfth Night
(2014), and Lena Hall
Lena Hall
as Yitzhak in Hedwig and the Angry Inch (2014). In 2000, Australian actor Barry Humphries
Barry Humphries
won the Special Tony Award for a live theatrical event at the 55th Annual Tony Awards for Dame Edna: The Royal Tour. Shared Performances: All three of the young actors who shared the duties of performing the lead character in Billy Elliot the Musical (2009 awards) – David Alvarez, Trent Kowalik
Trent Kowalik
and Kiril Kulish – also shared a single nomination, then shared the win, for Best Actor in a Musical. Previously, the only prior joint winners were John Kani
John Kani
and Winston Ntshona, who shared the Best Actor in a Play award in 1975 for Sizwe Banzi is Dead and The Island, two plays they co-wrote and co-starred in. Both sexes in one role: Ben Vereen
Ben Vereen
and Patina Miller
Patina Miller
both won, respectively, Best Actor in a Musical in 1972 and Best Actress in a Musical in 2013 for the role of the Leading Player in Pippin, marking the first time the same role has been won by both a male and a female in a Broadway production. Writing and performing: Two people have won Tonys as an author and as a performer. Harvey Fierstein
Harvey Fierstein
won Best Play and Best Lead Actor in a Play for Torch Song Trilogy (1983), Best Book of a Musical for La Cage aux Folles, and Best Lead Actor in a Musical for Hairspray. Tracy Letts, the author of 2008 Best Play August: Osage County, won Best Lead Actor in a Play for Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (2013).

Firsts

First female author to win Best Play: Frances Goodrich with her partner (and husband) Albert Hackett for The Diary of Anne Frank in 1956. First African-American to win Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical: Diahann Carroll
Diahann Carroll
for No Strings
No Strings
in 1962. First African-American to win Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Play: James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
for The Great White Hope
The Great White Hope
in 1969. First African-American to win Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical: Cleavon Little
Cleavon Little
for Purlie
Purlie
in 1970. First African-American author to win Best Play: Joseph A. Walker for The River Niger in 1974. First Asian-American author to win Best Play: David Henry Hwang
David Henry Hwang
for M Butterfly in 1988. First Asian-American to win Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Play: B. D. Wong
B. D. Wong
for M Butterfly in 1988. First female author to solely win Best Play: Wendy Wasserstein
Wendy Wasserstein
for The Heidi Chronicles in 1989. First Asian to win Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical: Lea Salonga
Lea Salonga
for Miss Saigon
Miss Saigon
in 1991. First female to win Best Direction of a Musical: Julie Taymor
Julie Taymor
for The Lion King in 1998. First female to win Best Direction of a Play: Garry Hynes for The Beauty Queen of Leenane in 1998. First African-American to win Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play: Phylicia Rashad
Phylicia Rashad
for A Raisin in the Sun
A Raisin in the Sun
in 2004. First female to solely win Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Score: Cyndi Lauper
Cyndi Lauper
for Kinky Boots in 2013. First Asian-American to win Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical: Ruthie Ann Miles for The King and I
The King and I
in 2015. First female team to win Tony Award for Best Score and Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Book: Jeanine Tesori & Lisa Kron for Fun Home in 2015.

See also[edit]

New York City
New York City
portal Theatre portal

List of Tony Awards ceremonies Drama Desk Award Laurence Olivier Award Helpmann Awards Obie Award New York Drama Critics' Circle Theatre World Award Broadway theatre The Society of London Theatre List of people who have won Academy, Emmy, Grammy, and Tony Awards List of African-American Tony nominees and winners

References[edit]

^ American Theatre
American Theatre
Wing. "2014 Rules for use of Tony Awards trademarks" tonyawards.com, Apr 8, 2017 ^ Gans, Andrew (December 18, 2007). "League of American Theatres and Producers Announces Name Change" Archived December 21, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.. Playbill. Retrieved September 13, 2013. The League of American Theatres and Producers was renamed "The Broadway League". ^ Staff (undated). "Who's Who". tonyawards.com. Retrieved September 13, 2013. ^ a b "Tony Awards Rules and Regulations for 2013–14 season" tonyawards.com, accessed June 12, 2014 ^ Lefkowitz, David and Simonson, Robert. " 'Fosse', 'Annie', 'Salesman' & 'Side Man' Win Top Tonys" Archived November 3, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. playbill.com, June 7, 1999 ^ Gans, Andrew (April 18, 2011). "No Tickets Will Be Available to General Public for 2011 Tony Awards" Archived May 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Playbill. Retrieved September 13, 2013. ^ Purcell, Carey (June 9, 2013). Kinky Boots, Vanya and Sonia, Pippin and Virginia Woolf? Are Big Winners at 67th Annual Tony Awards" Archived June 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Playbill. Retrieved September 13, 2013. ^ McPhee, Ryan (April 18, 2017). " Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
Will Host the 2017 Tony Awards". Playbill.  ^ Pesner, Ben. "The Tony Awards - Category by Category" tonyawards.com (webcache.googleusercontent.com), accessed June 12, 2014 ^ Gans, Andrew (October 8, 2008). "Tony Awards to Present Isabelle Stevenson Award in May 2009" Archived December 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Playbill. Retrieved September 2013. ^ Gans, Andrew (June 18, 2009)."Tony Awards Retire Special
Special
Theatrical Event Category" Archived June 29, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.. Playbill. Retrieved September 13, 2013. ^ Bowgen, Philippe. " Tony Award
Tony Award
Administration Committee Eliminates Sound Design Categories" Archived June 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. playbill.com, June 11, 2014 ^ a b American Theatre
American Theatre
Editors (April 24, 2017). "Tony Awards to Reinstate Sound Design Categories". American Theatre
American Theatre
Retrieved April 27, 2017. ^ Nassour, Ellis (June 10, 2011). "From The 2011 Tony Playbill: Who Was the Original 'Tony'?". Playbill. Archived from the original on May 6, 2013. Retrieved July 4, 2013.  ^ Nassour, Ellis. "Who Is 'Tony'?". tonyawards.com. Retrieved September 13, 2013.  ^ Bloom, Ken (2004). "Tony Award" Broadway – Its History, People and Places. Taylor & Francis. p. 531. ISBN 978-0-415-93704-7. ^ a b Nassour, Ellis (June 12, 2011). "From the 2011 Tony Playbill: Tony Awards at 65 – Then and Now". Playbill. Archived from the original on May 6, 2013. Retrieved September 13, 2013.  ^ a b c Staff (undated). "Rules & Voting". tonyawards.com. Retrieved September 13, 2013. ^ Jesse McKinley (June 1, 2003). "The Tony Awards; Is There a Tony Doctor in the House". The New York Times. Retrieved September 13, 2013. ^ [not in citation given] Tony Homepage tonyawards.com ^ Gorman, Bill (June 10, 2011)."Guess This Year's 'Tony Awards' Viewership (Poll) + Ratings History". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved September 13, 2013. ^ Bierly, Mandi (February 24, 2009). "Ratings: Oscars Up, 'Dollhouse' Down" Archived February 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved September 13, 2013. ^ Pincus-Roth, Zachary. (May 22, 2008). "Ask Playbill.com: Tony Statuettes". Playbill. Archived from the original on December 8, 2008. Retrieved September 13, 2013.  ^ Staff. "Tony Awards FAQ". tonyawards.com. Retrieved September 13, 2013.  ^ Staff. "A History of the Tony Awards". American Theatre
American Theatre
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External links[edit]

Official website www.cbs.com/shows/tony_awards/, the Tony Award's official broadcast website americantheatrewing.org, the American Theatre
American Theatre
Wing's official website broadwayleague.com, The Broadway League's official website

v t e

Tony Awards

American Theatre
American Theatre
Wing The Broadway League List of people who have won Academy, Emmy, Grammy, and Tony Awards

Play

Best Play Best Direction of a Play Best Leading Actor in a Play Best Leading Actress in a Play Best Featured Actor in a Play Best Featured Actress in a Play Best Costume Design in a Play Best Lighting Design in a Play Best Revival of a Play Best Scenic Design in a Play

Musical

Best Musical Best Direction of a Musical Best Leading Actor in a Musical Best Leading Actress in a Musical Best Featured Actor in a Musical Best Featured Actress in a Musical Best Book of a Musical Best Choreography Best Costume Design in a Musical Best Lighting Design in a Musical Best Orchestrations Best Original Score Best Revival of a Musical Best Scenic Design in a Musical

Special
Special
(non-competitive)

Regional Theatre Tony Award Special
Special
Tony Award Tony Honors for Excellence in Theatre Isabelle Stevenson Award

Retired

Best Author Best Conductor and Musical Director Best Costume Design Best Director Best Lighting Design Best Newcomer Best Revival Best Scenic Design Best Sound Design Best Special
Special
Theatrical Event Best Stage Technician

Ceremonies

1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 20

.