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Tirich Mir
Tirich Mir
(Khowar/Pashto/Urdu: ترچ میر‬‎) (alternatively Terich Mir, Terichmir and Turch Mir) is the highest mountain of the Hindu Kush
Hindu Kush
range, and the highest mountain in the world outside of the Himalayas- Karakoram
Karakoram
range, located in Chitral District
Chitral District
of Pakistan. The mountain was first climbed on 21 July 1950 by a Norwegian expedition consisting of Arne Næss, P. Kvernberg, H. Berg, and Tony Streather.[2] Tirich Mir
Tirich Mir
overlooks Chitral
Chitral
town, and can be easily seen from the main bazaar. The last village in Chitral
Chitral
before reaching Tirich Mir
Tirich Mir
is the village of Tirich. It is located in Mulkow. The people there speak the Khowar language. The residents are available for hire as porters and tourist guides and will lead trekkers part way up the mountain, but there is a point beyond which they will not go.[citation needed] It is believed the origin of the name Tirich Mir
Tirich Mir
is "King of Tirich" as Tirich is the name of a side valley of the Mulkhow valley of Chitral
Chitral
which leads up to Tirich Mir. An alternative etymology derives this name from the Wakhi language. In Wakhi, trich means shadow or darkness and mir means king, so Tirich Mir
Tirich Mir
means king of darkness. It could have gotten this name as it creates long shadows on the Wakhan side of its face.

Contents

1 Climate 2 See also 3 References 4 Books 5 External links

Climate[edit] The weather station 4,245 m above sea level lies in the Tundra climate/Alpine climate(ET) zone according to Köppen Climate Classification. On this specific altitude (4,245 m asl) we find moderately cold winters and cool summers generally above freezing. Annual mean temperature is -5.25°C, which puts the station well inside the range of continuous permafrost. The average temperature in the coldest month of January is -17.5°C and the two hottest months of July and August have mean temperatures of 6.5°C. Average low temperatures range from -23°C in January to 0°C in July and August. On higher elevations near the summit however, one can find the ice cap climate which is marked by no month having an daily mean temperature of above freezing. Here ice and snow never really melt and average daily temperatures range from around -35°C in winter to -15°C in summer.[3]

Climate data for Tirich Mir
Tirich Mir
(4,235 m asl) Averages (1981–2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) −12 (10) −11 (12) −7 (19) −2 (28) 3.0 (37.4) 9.0 (48.2) 13.0 (55.4) 13.0 (55.4) 9.0 (48.2) 0.0 (32) −6 (21) −10 (14) −0.08 (31.86)

Daily mean °C (°F) −17.5 (0.5) −16 (3) −12 (10) −6.5 (20.3) −1.5 (29.3) 3.5 (38.3) 6.5 (43.7) 6.5 (43.7) 3.0 (37.4) −4 (25) −10 (14) −15 (5) −5.25 (22.55)

Average low °C (°F) −23 (−9) −21 (−6) −17 (1) −11 (12) −6 (21) −2 (28) 0.0 (32) 0.0 (32) −3.0 (26.6) −8 (18) −14 (7) −20 (−4) −10.4 (13.3)

Source: Meteoblue[4]

See also[edit]

Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa List of mountains in Pakistan List of highest mountains List of Ultras of the Karakoram
Karakoram
and Hindu Kush

References[edit]

^ a b "Afghanistan and Pakistan
Pakistan
Ultra-Prominence". peaklist.org. Retrieved 2014-01-03.  ^ "NORWEGIAN EXPEDITION TO TIRICH MIR, 1950 : Himalayan Journal vol.16/5". www.himalayanclub.org.  ^ " Tirich Mir
Tirich Mir
Weather Forecast (7706m)". www.mountain-forecast.com.  ^ "Meteoblue". 

Books[edit]

Keay, John, "The Gilgit Game": The Explorers of the Western Himalayas, 1865-95, Oxford University Press, 1985, ISBN 0-19-577466-3 Robertson, Sir George Scott, The Kafirs of the Hindukush, Oxford University Press, (1896, OUP edition 1986), ISBN 0-19-577127-3

External links[edit]

Tirich Mir
Tirich Mir
on SummitPost

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 249379161 GND: 4408704-4

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Chitral District
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