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Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
were an English music and visual arts group, officially formed on 3 September 1975 in Kingston upon Hull. With its members Genesis P-Orridge
Genesis P-Orridge
(born Neil Megson), Cosey Fanni Tutti
Cosey Fanni Tutti
(born Christine Newby), Peter "Sleazy" Christopherson and Chris Carter, they became widely regarded as the pioneers of industrial music. Evolving from the experimental performance art group COUM Transmissions, Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
made its public debut in October 1976 on COUM Transmissions exhibition Prostitution, and, the following year, released their debut single, "United / Zyklon B Zombie", followed by an album, The Second Annual Report. Further throughout its first stint, the band released several studio and live albums—including D.o.A: The Third and Final Report of Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
(1978), 20 Jazz Funk Greats
20 Jazz Funk Greats
(1979), and Heathen Earth (1980)—on their own record label Industrial Records, building the notorious reputation with their confrontational aesthetics; they included the extensive use of often disturbing visual imagery (such as fascist and national-socialist symbolism; pornography; a stage ligthing), as well as that of sound manipulation (various noises; pre-recorded tape-based samples), influenced by works of William S. Burroughs and Brion Gysin. Following the personal and creative differences, Throbbing Gristle announced their dissolution in 1981; the individual members went on to participate in other projects, such as Psychic TV, Coil and Chris & Cosey. The band was reformed in 2004 for a second stint, and released three more studio albums— TG Now
TG Now
(2004), Part Two, and The Third Mind Movements (2009)—before disbanding again after P-Orridge's departure and Christopherson's death in Autumn 2010; the band's last studio project—a cover version of the 1970 Nico
Nico
album Desertshore—was released in 2012 under the moniker X-TG.

Contents

1 History

1.1 First era: 1976–1981 1.2 Second era: 2004–2010 1.3 Third era: 2011–current

2 Legacy 3 Members 4 Discography 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links

History[edit] First era: 1976–1981[edit] Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
evolved from the performance art group COUM Transmissions, which was formed in Kingston upon Hull
Kingston upon Hull
by a group of performers centred on Genesis P-Orridge
Genesis P-Orridge
and Cosey Fanni Tutti. The last known performance of COUM Transmissions—Prostitution, an exhibition which was held in October 1976 at the Institute of Contemporary Arts—was also the public debut of Throbbing Gristle.[8] Throbbing Gristle's confrontational live performances and use of often disturbing imagery, including pornography and photographs of Nazi concentration camps, gave the group a notorious reputation. However, the group always maintained that their mission was to challenge and explore the darker and obsessive sides of the human condition rather than to make attractive music.[citation needed] Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
made extensive use of pre-recorded tape-based samples[9] and special effects to produce a distinctive, highly distorted background, usually accompanied by lyrics or spoken-word performances by Cosey Fanni Tutti or Genesis P-Orridge. Though they asserted they wanted to provoke their audience into thinking for themselves rather than pushing any specific agenda (as evidenced by the song "Don't Do As You're Told, Do As You Think" on Heathen Earth), Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
also frequently associated with the anarchist punk scene. They appeared in the fanzine Toxic Grafity, with a condensation of their own propaganda parody series, Industrial News.[10] In 1977, they released their debut single, "United / Zyklon B Zombie", followed by an album, The Second Annual Report. Although pressed in a limited initial run of 786 copies on the band's own Industrial Records label, it was later re-released on Mute Records
Mute Records
due to high demand; however, this later release was reversed with all tracks playing backwards and in reverse order. This was followed by a series of albums, singles and live performances over a four-year period. On 29 May 1981, Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
performed at the Kezar Pavilion
Kezar Pavilion
in San Francisco, California, United States. This concert marked the end of the group and its mission. As Cosey succinctly put it, "TG broke up because me and Gen broke up".[11] In 1981 Michael Sheppard, concert promoter and founder of Transparency Record label brought Throbbing Gristle to Los Angeles[12]. Genesis P-Orridge
Genesis P-Orridge
and Peter Christopherson
Peter Christopherson
went on to form Psychic TV, while Cosey Fanni Tutti
Cosey Fanni Tutti
and Carter continued to record together under the names of Chris and Cosey, Carter Tutti
Carter Tutti
and Creative Technology Institute. Christopherson had paricipated in Psyshic TV's first releases, and had later joined John Balance
John Balance
in the latter project Coil. Meanwhile, Gen (now known as Genesis Breyer P-Orridge) subsequently formed Thee Majesty and PTV3 with the help of their wife, Jacqueline "Jaye" Breyer. Second era: 2004–2010[edit] In 2004, Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
briefly reunited to record and release the limited album TG Now. On 2 April 2007, TG released the album Part Two, which the group had finished recording in Berlin. With the exception of TG Now, it was their first studio album in twenty five years. It was originally set to be released by Mute Records
Mute Records
in September 2006 but was delayed for unknown reasons.[citation needed] In March 2007, Side-Line announced Part Two's final release date, adding that a string of special live events would take place in 2007.[13] A seven-disc DVD set, titled TGV, was issued in 2007.[14] The set contains old and new footage of the band. TGV came packaged in a deluxe box with a 64-page book, all designed by Christopherson.[15] The group performed a re-interpretation of their debut album The Second Annual Report twice in 2008 to mark thirty years since its original release.[16] The performance in Paris on 6 June was issued as a limited edition framed vinyl set entitled The Thirty-Second Annual Report, which was limited to 777 copies (as the group claim the original was, although other sources claim that there were 785).[17] Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
worked to record an album based on their interpretation of Nico's album Desertshore.[18] The group issued the entirety of the recording sessions for this album as a limited edition twelve-CD set packaged in a custom CD wallet, The Desertshore Installation, which sold out via mail order from the group's website.[19] In April 2009, Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
toured the United States, appearing at the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival
Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival
and in Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco
San Francisco
and Chicago. A new release was made available at these shows, The Third Mind Movements, which was edited from jams recorded during the Desertshore
Desertshore
recording sessions. A collaboration with Cerith Wyn Evans titled A=P=P=A=R=I=T=I=O=N was displayed at Tramway, Glasgow from the 7 August to 27 September 2009. Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
contributed a multi-channel soundtrack that was played through sixteen hanging Audio Spotlight sound panels that Evans had incorporated into his sculpture.[20] In November 2009, Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
and Industrial Records released their version of the Buddha Machine called Gristleism. It was designed by Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
and Christiaan Virant based on FM3's design. Gristleism offers more loops and almost twice the frequency range of the Buddha Machine. The player comes in three colors: black, chrome and red.[21] On 29 October 2010, Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
announced on their website that Genesis P-Orridge
Genesis P-Orridge
had informed them that she was no longer willing to perform with Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
and would be returning to her home in New York. Chris, Cosey and Christopherson would finish the tour under the name X-TG. P-Orridge's website stated that she had not quit Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
and had just stopped participating on the current tour; it also said that an explanation would be released when all things were cleared up. However, on 24 November 2010, Christopherson died in his sleep at the age of 55, and the band subsequently dissolved.[22] Third era: 2011–current[edit] In 2011, Industrial Records had an official "re-activation", as TG's contract with Mute Records
Mute Records
had expired. Since TG has permanently disbanded following the death of Christopherson, the label's plan is to re-release the original TG albums (The Second Annual Report, D.o.A: The Third and Final Report, 20 Jazz Funk Greats, Heathen Earth
Heathen Earth
and Greatest Hits) on the label. Originally intended to be released en masse on 26 September 2011, they had to delay due to a Sony DADC warehouse fire in London. The plan changed to issue each album chronologically once per week starting on Halloween 2011 with The Second Annual Report and ending 28 November with Greatest Hits.[23] Industrial Records announced that a double album, called Desertshore/The Final Report, would be released on 26 November 2012. Chris and Cosey
Chris and Cosey
produced the album, with the participation of guest vocalists Anohni
Anohni
(from Antony and the Johnsons), Blixa Bargeld
Blixa Bargeld
(from Einstürzende Neubauten), Marc Almond
Marc Almond
(from Soft Cell), film director Gaspar Noé
Gaspar Noé
and former pornstar Sasha Grey.[24] A group decision had been made prior to Christopherson's death that the album would be recorded afresh, as they were not satisfied with the ICA recordings. Christopherson had been the driving force behind the project and had been working on the record in Bangkok
Bangkok
with Danny Hyde, even getting custom instruments made to use for the album. "It was Sleazy's project, then Cosey and Sleazy's, then I came in on it", Carter explained in an interview with The Quietus.[25] After Christopherson died, the Desertshore
Desertshore
instruments were given to Carter and Cosey and they began combining the recordings he had been making with the work they had done themselves.[26] They announced plans to debut the album live at AV Festival on 17 March 2012 accompanied by a screening of Philippe Garrel's film The Inner Scar "for which Desertshore
Desertshore
was soundtrack and inspiration".[27][clarification needed] Legacy[edit] The band is widely viewed as having created the industrial music genre, along with contemporaries Cabaret Voltaire.[28][page needed] The term was coined in the mid-1970s with the founding of Industrial Records by Genesis P-Orridge
Genesis P-Orridge
of Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
and Monte Cazazza; on Throbbing Gristle's debut album The Second Annual Report, they coined the slogan "industrial music for industrial people."[29] The first wave of this music appeared with Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
from London, and Cabaret Voltaire from Sheffield.[30] Members[edit]

Genesis P-Orridge
Genesis P-Orridge
– bass guitar, violin, vocals, vibraphone (1976–1981, 2004–2010) Cosey Fanni Tutti
Cosey Fanni Tutti
– guitars, cornet, vocals (1976–1981, 2004–2010) Peter Christopherson
Peter Christopherson
– tapes, found sounds, horns, piano, vibraphone, synthesizer (1976–1981, 2004–2010) Chris Carter – synthesizers, tapes, electronics (1976–1981, 2004–2010)

Discography[edit] Main article: Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
discography During Throbbing Gristle's extensive career they have released numerous volumes of music including studio albums, live releases as well as box sets. Studio albums

The First Annual Report
The First Annual Report
(1975) (a bootleg album) The Second Annual Report
The Second Annual Report
(1977) D.o.A: The Third and Final Report of Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
(1978) 20 Jazz Funk Greats
20 Jazz Funk Greats
(1979) Journey Through a Body
Journey Through a Body
(1982) CD1 (1986) TG Now
TG Now
(2004) Part Two: The Endless Not (2007) The Third Mind Movements (2009)

References[edit]

^ Gimarc, George (1994). Punk Diary: 1970-1979. Vintage. p. 124. ISBN 009952211X.  ^ Ingram. Matt (31 October 2010). "20 Best: Post-punk
Post-punk
7"'s ever made". Fact. Retrieved 7 May 2014.  ^ Reynolds 2005, pp. XVII, XXI. ^ Stosuy, Brandon. " Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
- The Taste of TG: A Beginner's Guide to the Music of Throbbing Gristle". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved 29 May 2017.  ^ Singh, Anita. "Full-frontal nudes, pornographic videos and bondage equipment: The X-rated exhibition to celebrate Hull's City of Culture status". The Telegraph. Retrieved 29 May 2017.  ^ Murphy, Sarah. "Throbbing Gristle's Cosey Fanni Tutti
Cosey Fanni Tutti
Announces 'Art Sex Music' Autobiography". Exclaim!. Retrieved 29 May 2017.  ^ Bravo, Arthur Ivan (March 15, 2016). "A Beginner's Guide to Throbbing Gristle". Thump. Vice Media. Retrieved February 21, 2018.  ^ Reynolds 2005, pp. 228–229. ^ Christopherson, Peter (29 October 2006). "Equipment, And My Little Part of History by Sleazy on MySpace". MySpace. Retrieved 27 May 2013.  ^ "Crass Discography (Toxic Graffiti)". Transmissions from Southern. Archived from the original on 6 May 1997. Retrieved 27 May 2013.  ^ Neal 1987, p. 216. ^ Cotner, David (2016-03-22). "Musicians Remember the Late Michael Sheppard, L.A.'s Champion of the Weird". L.A. Weekly. Retrieved 2017-12-23.  ^ " Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
Announce Special
Special
Live Events to Celebrate First New Album in Over 25 Years – Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
News at side-line.com". Side-Line. 14 March 2007. Retrieved 27 May 2013.  ^ "TG Releases & Recordings". throbbing-gristle.com. Retrieved 27 May 2013.  ^ "7DVD Box Set for Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
News at side-line.com". Side-Line. 19 November 2007. Retrieved 27 May 2013.  ^ "Throbbing Gristle: • Thirty-Second Annual Report •". Throbbing Gristle. 12 January 2008. Retrieved 27 May 2013.  ^ "Throbbing Gristle, " The Second Annual Report
The Second Annual Report
Of"". Brainwashed. Retrieved 27 May 2013.  ^ "News :: Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
Store Shop". Greedbag. Archived from the original on 18 June 2007. Retrieved 27 May 2013.  ^ " Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
– The Desertshore
Desertshore
Installation 12 CD Wallet :: Industrial Records Store". Greedbag. Archived from the original on 1 June 2013. Retrieved 27 May 2013.  ^ " Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
• TG Collaboration with Cerith Wyn Evans •". Throbbing Gristle. 10 January 2009. Retrieved 27 May 2013.  ^ " Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
– Gristleism – The Badged Limited-Edition :: Industrial Records Store". Greedbag. Archived from the original on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 27 May 2013.  ^ "Incubate Blog » Blog Archive » R.I.P. Peter 'Sleazy' Christopherson ( Throbbing Gristle
Throbbing Gristle
/ X-TG) (1955 – 2010)". Incubate Blog. 25 November 2010. Retrieved 27 May 2013.  ^ "throbbing-gristle.com". throbbing-gristle.com. Retrieved 27 May 2013.  ^ " Industrial Records – Releasing 'Industrial Music for Industrial People' Since 1977". throbbing-gristle.com. Archived from the original on 8 July 2013. Retrieved 27 May 2013.  ^ Turner, Luke (19 April 2011). " The Quietus News Chris & Cosey Talk
Talk
Plans to Finish TG's Desertshore". The Quietus. Retrieved 27 May 2013.  ^ Becu, Didier (18 June 2011). "Chris & Cosey • Interview • Music Can Be Regarded as Art. Art Can Be Regarded as Music. • Peek-a-Boo Music Magazine". Peek-a-Boo Music Magazine. Retrieved 27 May 2013.  ^ "Wishful Thinking: In Remembrance of Peter Christopherson
Peter Christopherson
‹ Events & Exhibitions ‹ AV Festival: As Slow as Possible ‹ Programme ‹ AV Festival". AV Festival. Retrieved 27 May 2013.  ^ Savage 2011. ^ Kilpatrick, Nancy (2004). The Goth Bible: A Compendium for the Darkly Inclined. New York: St. Martin's Griffin. p. 86. ISBN 0-312-30696-2.  ^ RE/Search
RE/Search
#6/7, p. 42–49.

Further reading[edit]

Cogan, Brian. (Summer 2007). "'Do They Owe Us a Living? Of Course They Do!' Crass, Throbbing Gristle, and Anarchy and Radicalism in Early English Punk Rock". Journal for the Study of Radicalism. 1 (2): 77–90.  Collins, Simon (1999). "Sifting Through the Wreckage. (Interview with Simon Ford, author of Wreckers of Civilisation)". Headpress 19: World Without End'. pp. 75–84.  Daniel, Drew (2007). 20 Jazz Funk Greats. 33⅓. Bloomsbury Academic.  Duboys, Éric (2007). Industrial Music for Industrial People (in French). Camion Blanc.  Ford, Simon (1999). Wreckers of Civilization: The Story of Coum Transmissions and Throbbing Gristle. Black Dog Publishing.  Neal, Charles (1987). Tape Delay: Confessions from the Eighties Underground. SAF Publishing Ltd. ISBN 9780946719020 – via Internet Archive.  Reynolds, Simon (2005). Rip It Up and Start Again: Postpunk 1978–1984. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 0571215696 – via Internet Archive.  Savage, Jon (2011). England's Dreaming. Faber & Faber. ISBN 0571261191.  Turner, Alwyn W. (1999). "Throbbing Gristle". In Buckley, Jonathan; Duane, Orla; Ellingham, Mark; Spicer, Al. Rock: The Rough Guide (2nd ed.). London, New York: Rough Guides. p. 1015. ISBN 1-85828-457-0 – via Internet Archive.  Vale, V.; Juno, Andrea, eds. (1983). Industrial Culture Handbook. RE/Search. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Throbbing Gristle.

Official website

v t e

Throbbing Gristle

Genesis P-Orridge Peter 'Sleazy' Christopherson Cosey Fanni Tutti Chris Carter

Studio albums

The Second Annual Report D.o.A: The Third and Final Report of Throbbing Gristle 20 Jazz Funk Greats Journey Through a Body CD1 TG Now Part Two: The Endless Not The Third Mind Movements

Live albums

Heathen Earth Mission of Dead Souls Thirty-Second Annual Report

Compilation albums

Greatest Hits The Taste of TG Mutant Throbbing Gristle

Soundtracks

In the Shadow of the Sun

Box sets

Five Albums TG24 TG+ The Desertshore
Desertshore
Installation TGV

Singles

"United"/"Zyklon B Zombie "We Hate You (Little Girls)"/"Five Knuckle Shuffle" "Subhuman"/"Something Came Over Me" "Adrenalin"/"Distant Dreams (Part Two)" "Discipline"

Bootlegs

The First Annual Report

Related articles

Discography Live performances Industrial music COUM Transmissions Industrial Records Chris & Cosey/Carter Tutti Coil Psychic TV Puppy Gristle

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 147905580 LCCN: n94062957 ISNI: 0000 0000 9959 390X GND: 16041966-9 SUDOC: 08398836X BNF: cb139070313 (data) MusicBrainz: e135d690-9c53-4333

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