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Thoughts on Government, or in full Thoughts on Government, Applicable to the Present State of the American Colonies, was written by John Adams during the spring of 1776 in response to a resolution of the North Carolina Provincial Congress which requested Adams' suggestions on the establishment of a new government and the drafting of a constitution. Adams says that "Politics is the Science of human Happiness -and the Felicity of Societies depends on the Constitutions of Government
Government
under which they live." Many of the ideas put forth in Adams' essay were adopted in December 1776 by the framers of North Carolina's first constitution. The document is notable in that Adams sketches out the three branches of American government: the executive, judicial, and legislative branches, all with a system of checks and balances. Furthermore, in response to Common Sense by Thomas Paine, Adams rejects the idea of a single legislative body, fearing it may become tyrannical or self-serving (as in the case of the Netherlands at the time). Thus, Adams also conceived of the idea that two legislative bodies should serve as checks to the power of the other.[1] See also[edit]

Constitutionalism Rule according to higher law

References[edit]

^ John Adams
John Adams
by David McCullough, Simon and Schuster Paperbacks, New York, 2001. Pg 102-103. ISBN 978-0-684-81363-9

External links[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: Thoughts on Government

Thoughts on Government
Government
at Online Library of Liberty

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John Adams

2nd President of the United States, 1797–1801 1st Vice President of the United States, 1789–1797 U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom, 1785–1788 U.S. Ambassador to the Netherlands, 1782–1788 Delegate, Second Continental Congress, 1775–1778 Delegate, First Continental Congress, 1774

Founding of the United States

Braintree Instructions (1765) Boston Massacre defense Continental Association Novanglus; A History of the Dispute with America, From Its Origin in 1754 to the Present Time (1775) Thoughts on Government
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(1776) Declaration of Independence

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of Massachusetts (1780) Treaty of Paris, 1783

Presidency

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Other writings

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Life and homes

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birthplace Peacefield Presidential Library

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Elections

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Legacy

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John Adams
Building U.S. Postage stamps Adams Memorial

Popular culture

Profiles in Courage (1964 series) American Primitive (1969 play) 1776 (1969 musical 1972 film) The Adams Chronicles (1976 miniseries) Liberty! (1997 documentary series) Liberty's Kids
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(2002 animated series) John Adams
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(2001 book 2008 miniseries) Sons of Liberty (2015 miniseries)

Related

"Adams and Liberty" campaign song Adams' personal library American Enlightenment Congress Hall Federalist Party

Federalist Era First Party System republicanism

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Family

Abigail Adams

wife Quincy family

Abigail Adams
Abigail Adams
Smith (daughter) John Quincy Adams

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II (grandson) John Q. Adams (great-grandson) Henry Adams
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(great-grandson) Brooks Adams
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Sr. (father) Susanna Boylston (mother) Elihu Adams (brother) Samuel Adams
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Origins of the American Revolution: writings

American resolves, declarations, petitions, essays and pamphlets prior to the Declaration of Independence (July 1776)

Following the Stamp Act (1765)

Virginia Resolves
Virginia Resolves
(May 1765) Braintree Instructions (September 1765) Declaration of Rights and Grievances (October 1765) An Inquiry into the Rights of the British Colonies (1766)

Following the Townshend Acts
Townshend Acts
(1767)

Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania
Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania
(1767, 1768) Massachusetts Circular Letter
Massachusetts Circular Letter
(February 1768) Journal of Occurrences
Journal of Occurrences
(1768, 1769) Virginia Association
Virginia Association
(May 1769) Boston Pamphlet (1772) Sheffield Declaration
Sheffield Declaration
(January 1773)

Following the Coercive Acts (1774)

Maryland

Chestertown Resolves (May 1774) Bush River Resolution (March 1775)

Massachusetts

Suffolk Resolves
Suffolk Resolves
(September 1774)

New York

Orangetown Resolutions (July 1774) A Full Vindication of the Measures of Congress (December 1774) The Farmer Refuted (February 1775)

North Carolina

Mecklenburg Resolves
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or Declaration (May 1775) Liberty Point Resolves (June 1775) Tryon Resolves (August 1775) Halifax Resolves
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(April 1776)

Virginia

Fairfax Resolves
Fairfax Resolves
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Virginia Declaration of Rights
(June 1776)

1st Continental Congress

Declaration and Resolves (October 1774) Continental Association
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(October 1774) Petition to the King
Petition to the King
(October 1774)

2nd Continental Congress

Olive Branch Petition
Olive Branch Petition
(July 1775) Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms (July 1775) May 15 preamble (May 1776) Lee Resolution
Lee Resolution
(July 1776)

Essays and pamphlets

"Letters to the inhabitants of Canada" (1774, 1775, 1776) A Summary View of the Rights of British America (1774) Novanglus
Novanglus
(1775) Common Sense (January 1776) Thoughts on Government
Government
(S

.