Plant List is a list of botanical names of species of plants
created by the
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and the Missouri Botanical
Garden and launched in 2010. It was intended to be comprehensive,
that is, deal with all known names of species.
There is a complementary project called the International
Index, in which Kew is also involved. The IPNI aims to provide details
of publication and does not aim to determine which are accepted
species names. Newly published names are automatically added from IPNI
to the World Checklist of Selected
Plant Families, a database which
2 Public attention
3 See also
5 External links
Plant List has 1,064,035 scientific plant names of species
rank. 350,699 are accepted species names, belonging to 642 plant
families and 17,020 plant genera. The
Plant List accepts
approximately 350,699 unique species, with 470,624 synonyms for those
species, which suggests that many species have been referred to under
more than one name. As of 2014[update], The
Plant List has determined
that another 243,000 names are 'unresolved', meaning that botanists
have so far been unable to determine whether they are a separate
species or a duplication of the 350,699 unique species.
Plant List was launched in 2010 (the International Year of
Biodiversity), it attracted media attention for its comprehensive
Fox News highlighted the number of synonyms encountered,
suggesting that this reflected a "surprising lack" of biodiversity on
Plant List also attracted attention for building on the
work of English naturalist Charles Darwin, who in the 1880s started a
plant list called the
Index Kewensis (IK). Kew has added an average of
6,000 species every year since the IK was first published with 400,000
names of species. However, the IK (which by 1913 avoided making
taxonomic judgement in its citations) is currently run as part of the
IPNI rather than the
Plant Name Index
Global Strategy for
Plant Conservation, whose Target One states the
need for “An online flora of all known plants.”
Plant Names Index
^ "World's Largest Plants Database Assembled". discovery.com.
^ "Summary Statistics". The
Plant List. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
^ "US, British scientists drew up the comprehensive list of world's
known land plants". CBC. [dead link]
^ a b "World's
Plant Life Far Less Diverse Than Previously Thought".
Fox News. 30 December 2010.
^ "About the Index Kewensis". International
Plant Names Index.