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The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
(1894) is a collection of stories by the English author Rudyard Kipling. Most of the characters are animals such as Shere Khan
Shere Khan
the tiger and Baloo
Baloo
the bear, though a principal character is the boy or "man-cub" Mowgli, who is raised in the jungle by wolves. The stories are set in a forest in India; one place mentioned repeatedly is "Seonee" (Seoni), in the central state of Madhya Pradesh. A major theme in the book is abandonment followed by fostering, as in the life of Mowgli, echoing Kipling's own childhood. The theme is echoed in the triumph of protagonists including Rikki-Tikki-Tavi
Rikki-Tikki-Tavi
and The White Seal over their enemies, as well as Mowgli's. Another important theme is of law and freedom; the stories are not about animal behaviour, still less about the Darwinian struggle for survival, but about human archetypes in animal form. They teach respect for authority, obedience, and knowing one's place in society with "the law of the jungle", but the stories also illustrate the freedom to move between different worlds, such as when Mowgli
Mowgli
moves between the jungle and the village. Critics have also noted the essential wildness and lawless energies in the stories, reflecting the irresponsible side of human nature. The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
has remained popular, partly through its many adaptations for film and other media. Critics such as Swati Singh have noted that even critics wary of Kipling for his supposed imperialism[1] have admired the power of his storytelling.[1] The book has been influential in the scout movement, whose founder, Robert Baden-Powell, was a friend of Kipling's.[2] Percy Grainger
Percy Grainger
composed his Jungle Book Cycle around quotations from the book.

Contents

1 Context 2 Book

2.1 Description 2.2 Origins 2.3 Setting 2.4 Chapters 2.5 Characters 2.6 Illustrations 2.7 Editions and translations

3 Themes

3.1 Abandonment and fostering 3.2 Law and freedom

4 Reception 5 Adaptations 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links

Context The stories were first published in magazines in 1893–94. The original publications contain illustrations, some by the author's father, John Lockwood Kipling. Rudyard Kipling
Rudyard Kipling
was born in India
India
and spent the first six years of his childhood there. After about ten years in England, he went back to India
India
and worked there for about six-and-a-half years. These stories were written when Kipling lived in Naulakha, the home he built in Dummerston, Vermont, in the United States.[3] There is evidence that Kipling wrote the collection of stories for his daughter Josephine, who died from pneumonia in 1899, aged 6; a first edition of the book with a handwritten note by the author to his young daughter was discovered at the National Trust's Wimpole Hall
Wimpole Hall
in Cambridgeshire, England, in 2010.[4] Book Description The tales in the book (as well as those in The Second Jungle Book, which followed in 1895 and includes five further stories about Mowgli) are fables, using animals in an anthropomorphic manner to teach moral lessons. The verses of "The Law of the Jungle", for example, lay down rules for the safety of individuals, families, and communities. Kipling put in them nearly everything he knew or "heard or dreamed about the Indian jungle".[5] Other readers have interpreted the work as allegories of the politics and society of the time.[6] Origins

Places in India
India
named by Kipling in versions of the stories

In a letter written and signed by Kipling in 1895, Kipling confesses to borrowing ideas and stories in the Jungle Book: "I am afraid that all that code in its outlines has been manufactured to meet 'the necessities of the case': though a little of it is bodily taken from (Southern) Esquimaux rules for the division of spoils," Kipling wrote in the letter. "In fact, it is extremely possible that I have helped myself promiscuously but at present cannot remember from whose stories I have stolen."[7] Setting Kipling lived in India
India
as a child, and most of the stories[a] are evidently set there, though it is not entirely clear where. The Kipling Society
Kipling Society
notes that "Seonee" (Seoni, in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh) is mentioned several times, and that the first Mowgli
Mowgli
story, "In the Rukh", is set in a forest reserve somewhere in northern India. "Mowgli's Brothers" was positioned in the Aravalli hills
Aravalli hills
of Rajasthan
Rajasthan
(northwestern India) in an early manuscript, later changed to Seonee, and Bagheera
Bagheera
treks from "Oodeypore" (Udaipur), a journey of reasonable length to Aravalli but a long way from Seoni.[8] Seoni
Seoni
has a tropical savanna climate, with a dry and a rainy season. This is drier than a monsoon climate and does not support tropical rainforest.[9] Forested parks and reserves that claim to be associated with the stories include Kanha Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh,[10] and Pench National Park, near Seoni.[11] However, Kipling never visited the area.[8] Chapters The book is arranged with a story in each chapter. Each story is followed by a poem that serves as an epigram.

Story title Summary Epigrammatic poem Notes Image

Mowgli's Brothers A boy is raised by wolves in the Indian jungle with the help of Baloo the bear and Bagheera
Bagheera
the black panther, who teach him the "Law of the Jungle". Some years later, the wolfpack and Mowgli
Mowgli
are threatened by the tiger Shere Khan. Mowgli
Mowgli
brings fire, driving off Shere Khan
Shere Khan
but showing that he is a man and must leave the jungle. "Hunting-Song of the Seeonee Pack" The story has been published as a short book: Night-Song in the Jungle.

"The tiger's roar filled the cave with thunder." 1894

Kaa's Hunting During the time Mowgli
Mowgli
was with the wolf pack, he is abducted by the Bandar-log
Bandar-log
monkeys to the ruined city. Baloo
Baloo
and Bagheera
Bagheera
set out to rescue him with Kaa
Kaa
the python. Kaa
Kaa
defeats the Bandar-log, frees Mowgli, and hypnotises the monkeys and the other animals with his dance. Mowgli
Mowgli
rescues Baloo
Baloo
and Bagheera
Bagheera
from the spell. "Road Song of the Bandar-Log"

Mowgli
Mowgli
made leader of the Bandar-log
Bandar-log
by John Charles Dollman, 1903

Tiger! Tiger! Mowgli
Mowgli
returns to the human village and is adopted by Messua and her husband, who believe him to be their long-lost son. Mowgli
Mowgli
leads the village boys who herd the village's buffaloes. Shere Khan
Shere Khan
comes to hunt Mowgli, but he is warned by Gray Brother wolf, and with Akela they find Shere Khan
Shere Khan
asleep, and stampede the buffaloes to trample Shere Khan
Shere Khan
to death. "Mowgli's Song" The story's title is taken from William Blake's 1794 poem "The Tyger".

Tiger! Tiger! by W. H. Drake, 1894

The White Seal Kotick, a rare white-furred seal, sees seals being killed by islanders in the Bering Sea. He decides to find a safe home for his people, and after long searching finds a suitable place. He comes home and persuades the other seals to follow him. "Lukannon" Many names in the story are Russian,[b] as the Pribilof Islands
Pribilof Islands
had been bought (with Alaska) by the United States in 1867, and Kipling had access to books about the islands.[12]

The White Seal, 1894

Rikki-Tikki-Tavi An English family have just moved to a house in India. They find Rikki-Tikki-Tavi
Rikki-Tikki-Tavi
the mongoose flooded out of his burrow. A pair of large cobras, Nag and Nagaina, attempt unsuccessfully to kill him. He hears the cobras plotting to kill the father in the house, and attacks Nag in the bathroom. The sound of the fight attracts the father, who shoots Nag. Rikki-Tikki-Tavi
Rikki-Tikki-Tavi
destroys Nagaina's eggs and chases her into her "rat-hole" where he kills her too. "Darzee's Chaunt" This story has been published as a short book.

Nag and Rikki-Tikki-Tavi, 1894

Toomai of the Elephants Toomai's father rides Kala Nag the elephant to catch wild elephants in the hills. Toomai comes to help and risks his life throwing a role up to one of the drivers. His father forbids him to enter the elephant enclosure again. One night he follows the elephant hunters, and is picked up by Kala Nag; he rides into the elephants' meeting place in the jungle, where they dance. On his return he is welcomed by both hunters and elephants. "Shiv and the Grasshopper" This story has been published as a short book, and was the basis of the 1937 film Elephant Boy.[13]

Toomai at the elephant camp, 1894

Her Majesty's Servants[c] On the night before a British military parade for the Amir of Afghanistan, the army's working animals—mule, camel, horse, bullock, elephant—discuss what they do in battle and how they feel about their work. It is explained to the Afghans that men and animals obey the orders carried down from the Queen. "Parade-Song of the Camp Animals" is set to the tunes of several well-known songs.[d]

"'Anybody can be forgiven for being scared in the night,' said the Troop-Horse." 1894

Characters

Rikki-Tikki-Tavi
Rikki-Tikki-Tavi
pursuing Nagaina by W. H. Drake. First edition, 1894

Main article: List of The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
characters Many of the characters (marked *) are named simply for the Hindi names of their species: for example, Baloo
Baloo
is a transliteration of Hindi भालू Bhālū, "bear".

Akela * – A wolf Bagheera
Bagheera
* – A black panther Baloo
Baloo
* — A bear Bandar-log
Bandar-log
– A tribe of monkeys Chil * – A kite, in earlier editions called Rann (रण Raṇ, "battle") Chuchundra * – A muskrat Darzee * – A tailorbird[e] Father Wolf
Wolf
– The father wolf who raised Mowgli
Mowgli
as his own cub Grey brother – One of Mother and Father Wolf's cubs Hathi
Hathi
* – An Indian elephant Ikki * – A porcupine Kaa
Kaa
* – A python Karait * – A krait Kotick – A white seal Mang * – A bat Mor – An Indian peafowl Mowgli
Mowgli
– Main character, the young jungle boy Nag * – A male cobra Nagaina * – A female cobra, Nag's mate Raksha – The Mother wolf who raised Mowgli
Mowgli
as her own cub Rikki-Tikki-Tavi
Rikki-Tikki-Tavi
– A mongoose Sea Catch – A seal and Kotick's father Sea Cow – A (Steller's) sea cow Sea Vitch – A walrus Shere Khan
Shere Khan
* — A tiger Tabaqui* – A jackal

Illustrations The early editions were illustrated with drawings in the text by John Lockwood Kipling (Rudyard's father), and the American artists W. H. Drake and Paul Frenzeny.[15] Editions and translations The book has appeared in over 500 print editions,[16] and over 100 audiobooks.[17] It has been translated into at least 36 languages.[18] Themes

Mowgli, Bagheera, and the wolf pack with Shere Khan's skin. Illustration by W. H. Drake. First edition, 1894

Abandonment and fostering Critics such as Harry Ricketts have observed that Kipling returns repeatedly to the theme of the abandoned and fostered child, recalling his own childhood feelings of abandonment. In his view, the enemy, Shere Khan, represents the "malevolent would-be foster-parent" who Mowgli
Mowgli
in the end outwits and destroys, just as Kipling as a boy had to face Mrs Holloway in place of his parents. Ricketts writes that in "Mowgli's Brothers", the hero loses his human parents at the outset, and his wolf fosterers at the conclusion; and Mowgli
Mowgli
is again rejected at the end of "Tiger! Tiger!", but each time is compensated by "a queue of would-be foster-parents" including the wolves, Baloo, Bagheera
Bagheera
and Kaa. In Ricketts's view, the power that Mowgli
Mowgli
has over all these characters who compete for his affection is part of the book's appeal to children.[19] The historian of India
India
Philip Mason similarly emphasises the Mowgli
Mowgli
myth, where the fostered hero, "the odd man out among wolves and men alike", eventually triumphs over his enemies. Mason notes that both Rikki-Tikki-Tavi
Rikki-Tikki-Tavi
and The White Seal do much the same.[20] Law and freedom The novelist Marghanita Laski argued that the purpose of the stories was not to teach about animals but to create human archetypes through the animal characters, with lessons of respect for authority. She noted that Kipling was a friend of the founder of the Scout Movement, Robert Baden-Powell, who based the junior scout " Wolf
Wolf
Cubs" on the stories, and that Kipling admired the movement.[19][21] Ricketts wrote that Kipling was obsessed by rules, a theme running throughout the stories and named explicitly as "the law of the jungle". Part of this, Ricketts supposed, was Mrs Holloway's evangelicalism, suitably transformed. The rules required obedience and "knowing your place", but also provided social relationships and "freedom to move between different worlds".[19] Sandra Kemp observed that the law may be highly codified, but that the energies are also lawless, embodying the part of human nature which is "floating, irresponsible and self-absorbed".[19][22] There is a duality between the two worlds of the village and the jungle, but Mowgli, like Mang the bat, can travel between the two.[19] The novelist and critic Angus Wilson
Angus Wilson
noted that Kipling's law of the jungle was "far from Darwinian", since no attacks were allowed at the water-hole, even in drought. In Wilson's view, the popularity of the Mowgli
Mowgli
stories is thus not literary but moral: the animals can follow the law easily, but Mowgli
Mowgli
has human joys and sorrows, and the burden of making decisions.[19][23] Kipling's biographer, Charles Carrington, argued that the "fables" about Mowgli
Mowgli
illustrate truths directly, as successful fables do, through the character of Mowgli
Mowgli
himself; through his "kindly mentors", Bagheera
Bagheera
and Baloo; through the repeated failure of the "bully" Shere Khan; through the endless but useless talk of the Bandar-log; and through the law, which makes the jungle "an integrated whole" while enabling Mowgli's brothers to live as the "Free People".[24] The academic Jan Montefiore commented on the book's balance of law and freedom that "You don't need to invoke Jacqueline Rose on the adult's dream of the child's innocence or Perry Nodelman's theory of children's literature colonising its readers' minds with a double fantasy of the child as both noble savage and embryo good citizen, to see that the Jungle Books .. give their readers a vicarious experience of adventure both as freedom and as service to a just State".[25] Reception Sayan Mukherjee, writing for the Book Review Circle, calls The Jungle Book "One of the most enjoyable books of my childhood and even in adulthood, highly informative as to the outlook of the British on their 'native population'."[26] The academic Jopi Nyman argued in 2001 that the book formed part of the construction of "colonial English national identity"[27] within Kipling's "imperial project".[27] In Nyman's view, nation, race and class are mapped out in the stories, contributing to "an imagining of Englishness as a site of power and racial superiority."[27] Nyman suggested that The Jungle Book's monkeys and snakes represent "colonial animals"[27] and "racialized Others"[27] within the Indian jungle, whereas the White Seal promotes "'truly English' identities in the nationalist allegory"[27] of that story.[27] Swati Singh, in his Secret History of the Jungle Book, notes that the tone is like that of Indian folklore, fable-like, and that critics have speculated that the Kipling may have heard similar stories from his Hindu bearer and his Portuguese ayah (nanny) during his childhood in India. Singh observes, too, that Kipling wove "magic and fantasy" into the stories for his daughter Josephine, and that even critics reading Kipling for signs of imperialism] could not help admiring the power of his storytelling.[1] The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
came to be used as a motivational book by the Cub Scouts, a junior element of the Scouting
Scouting
movement. This use of the book's universe was approved by Kipling at the request of Robert Baden-Powell, founder of the Scouting
Scouting
movement, who had originally asked for the author's permission for the use of the Memory Game from Kim in his scheme to develop the morale and fitness of working-class youths in cities. Akela, the head wolf in The Jungle Book, has become a senior figure in the movement; the name is traditionally adopted by the leader of each Cub Scout pack.[2] Adaptations

Heroes of the Soviet animation film on a Russian postage stamp

Main article: The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
(other) The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
has been adapted many times in a wide variety of media. In literature, Robert Heinlein
Robert Heinlein
wrote the Hugo Award-winning science fiction novel, Stranger in a Strange Land (1961), when his wife, Virginia, suggested a new version of The Jungle Book, but with a child raised by Martians instead of wolves.[28][29] Neil Gaiman's The Graveyard Book (2008) is inspired by The Jungle Book. It follows a baby boy who is found and brought up by the dead in a cemetery. It has many scenes that can be traced to Kipling, but with Gaiman's dark twist.[30] In music, the Jungle Book cycle (1958) was written by the Australian composer Percy Grainger, an avid Kipling reader. It consists of quotations from the book, set as choral pieces and solos for soprano, tenor or baritone.[31] BBC Radio
BBC Radio
broadcast an adaptation on 14 February 1994 and released it as a BBC audiobook in 2008.[32] It was directed by Chris Wallis with Nisha K. Nayar as Mowgli, Eartha Kitt
Eartha Kitt
as Kaa, Freddie Jones
Freddie Jones
as Baloo, and Jonathan Hyde
Jonathan Hyde
as Bagheera. The music was by John Mayer.[33] The book's text has been adapted for younger readers with comic book adaptations such as DC Comics
DC Comics
Elseworlds' story, "Superman: The Feral Man of Steel", in which an infant Supermanis raised by wolves, while Bagheera, Akela, and Shere Khan
Shere Khan
make appearances.[34] Marvel Comics published several adaptations by Mary Jo Duffy
Mary Jo Duffy
and Gil Kane
Gil Kane
in the pages of Marvel Fanfare
Marvel Fanfare
(vol. 1). These were collected in the one-shot Marvel Illustrated: The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
(2007).[35] Bill Willingham's comic book series, Fables, features The Jungle Book's Mowgli, Bagheera, and Shere Khan.[36] Many films have been based on one or another of Kipling's stories, including Elephant Boy (1937),[37] the Russian: Маугли (Mowgli) published as Adventures of Mowgli
Mowgli
in the US, an animation released between 1967 and 1971, and combined into a single 96-minute feature film in 1973;[38] Chuck Jones's made for-TV cartoons Rikki-Tikki-Tavi (1975),[39] The White Seal (1975),[40] and Mowgli's Brothers (1976).[41] Many films, too, have been made of the book as a whole, such as Zoltán Korda's 1942 film,[42] Disney's 1967 animation[43] and its award-winning[44][45] 2016 remake,[46] and the 1989 Japanese anime Jungle Book Shonen Mowgli.[47] Stuart Paterson wrote a stage adaptation in 2004, first produced by the Birmingham
Birmingham
Old Rep
Old Rep
in 2004 and published in 2007 by Nick Hern Books.[48] See also

Children's literature portal

Feral children in mythology and fiction

Notes

^ "The White Seal" is set in the Pribilof Islands
Pribilof Islands
in the Bering Sea. ^ Many of the 'animal language' words and names in this story are a phonetic spelling of Russian (probably as spoken with an Aleut accent), for example 'Stareek!' (Старик!) 'old man!'; 'Ochen scoochnie' (said by Kotick) 'I am very lonesome' Очень скучный (correctly means 'very boring'); holluschick (plural -ie) 'bachelor male seal' (холощик) from холостой ('unmarried'); Matkah (Kotick's mother, матка, 'dam', 'mother of an animal', or 'womb') ^ Originally titled "Servants of the Queen" ^ "Cavalry Horses" is set to "Bonnie Dundee". "Elephants of the Gun-Teams" fits the tune and has a similar first line to the marching song "The British Grenadiers", as does "Gun-Bullocks". "Screw-Gun Mules" is set to the tune of the English folk song "The Lincolnshire Poacher" and echoes some of its lines.[14] ^ Darzee is the Hindi for tailor.

References

^ a b c Singh, Swati (2016). Secret History of the Jungle Book. The Real Press. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-9935239-2-2.  ^ a b "History of Cub Scouting". Boy Scouts of America. Retrieved 30 October 2016. A strong influence from Kipling's Jungle Book remains today. The terms "Law of the Pack," "Akela," " Wolf
Wolf
Cub," "grand howl," "den," and "pack" all come from the Jungle Book.  ^ Rao, K. Bhaskara (1967). Rudyard Kipling's India. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press.  ^ "Kipling first edition with author's poignant note found". BBC New. 8 April 2010. Retrieved 26 February 2013.  ^ Gilmour, David (2003). The Long Recessional: the Imperial Life of Rudyard Kipling. Pimlico. ISBN 0-7126-6518-8.  ^ Hjejle, Benedicte (1983). Fddbek, Ole; Thomson, Niels, eds. "Kipling, Britisk Indien og Mowglihistorieine" [Kipling, British India and the Story of Mowgli]. Feitskrifi til Kristof Glamann (in Danish). Odense, Denmark: Odense Universitetsforlag. pp. 87–114.  ^ Flood, Alison (31 May 2013). " Rudyard Kipling
Rudyard Kipling
'admitted to plagiarism in Jungle Book'". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 May 2013.  ^ a b Slater, John (23 March 2007). "Seeonee: The Site of Mowgli's Jungle?". The Kipling Society. Retrieved 14 December 2017.  ^ "Climate: Sivani (Madhya Pradesh)". Climate-Date.org. Retrieved 15 December 2017.  ^ "On 'The Jungle Book' trail at Kanha National Park". DNA India. 18 April 2016. Retrieved 18 May 2017.  ^ Andres, Trisha (15 April 2016). "The Jungle Book: 5 best tours to Rudyard Kipling's India". The Telegraph. Retrieved 11 December 2017.  ^ "The White Seal". The Kipling Society. Retrieved 30 October 2016.  ^ "Elephant Boy (1937) - Robert Flaherty, Zoltan Korda - Synopsis, Characteristics, Moods, Themes and Related - AllMovie". AllMovie.  ^ "The Musical Settings of Kipling's Verse" (PDF). The Kipling Society. 16 May 2015. Retrieved 30 October 2016.  ^ " The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
- With Illustrations by John Lockwood Kipling
John Lockwood Kipling
& Others". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 16 December 2017.  ^ "ti: The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
au:Rudyard Kipling". WorldCat. Retrieved 20 December 2017.  ^ "ti: The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
au:Rudyard Kipling". WorldCat. Retrieved 20 December 2017.  ^ "The Jungle Book, Rudyard Kipling". WorldCat. Retrieved 16 December 2017.  ^ a b c d e f Underwood, F. A.; Radcliffe, John (30 July 2008). ""Mowgli's Brothers"". Kipling Society. Retrieved 16 December 2017.  ^ Mason, Philip (1975). Kipling - The Glass, the Shadow and the Fire. Jonathan Cape. p. 171. ISBN 978-0224011280.  ^ Laski, Marghanita (1987). From Palm to Pine, Rudyard Kipling
Rudyard Kipling
at Home and Abroad. Sidgwick and Jackson. p. 124. ISBN 978-0283994227.  ^ Kemp, Sandra (1988). Kipling's Hidden Narratives. Basil Blackwell. p. 12. ISBN 978-0631155775.  ^ Wilson, Angus (1977). The Strange Ride of Rudyard Kipling. Secker & Warburg. p. 122. ISBN 978-0712659277.  ^ Carrington, Charles (1955). Rudyard Kipling: His Life and Work. Macmillan. p. 208.  ^ Montefiore, Jan (2011). Booth, Howard J., ed. Kipling as a children's writer and the Jungle Books. The Cambridge Companion to Rudyard Kipling. Cambridge University Press. pp. 95–109. ISBN 978-1-107-49363-6.  ^ Mukherjee, Sayan. "Book: The Jungle Book". Book Review Circle. Retrieved 30 October 2016.  ^ a b c d e f g Nyman, Jopi (2001). "Re-Reading Rudyard Kipling's 'English' Heroism: Narrating Nation in The Jungle Book". Orbis Litterarum. 56 (3): 205–220. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0730.2001.d01-44.x.  ^ "Biography: Robert A. Heinlein". Heinlein Society.  ^ "1962 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved July 27, 2009.  ^ "Journal: The Graveyard Book". Neil Gaiman's Journal. 13 February 2008.  ^ "CD Review. Percy Grainger. Jungle Book". Classical Net. Retrieved 30 October 2016.  ^ "BBC Press Office - new releases". bbc.co.uk. 2008-07-25. Retrieved 2016-06-04.  ^ "Diversity Website - Radio Plays - The Jungle Book". suttoelm.org.uk. Retrieved 4 June 2016.  ^ Superman
Superman
Annual. DC Comics. 1994.  ^ "The Jungle Book". Fanfare #8–11, 64 pages,. Marvel. April 2007.  ^ SPH Magazines (2007). GameAxis Unwired. SPH Magazines. p. 78. ISSN 0219-872X.  ^ "Elephant Boy (1937) - Robert Flaherty, Zoltan Korda - Synopsis, Characteristics, Moods, Themes and Related - AllMovie". AllMovie. Retrieved 16 December 2017.  ^ Smith, Patrick (15 April 2016). "We don't wanna be like you: how Soviet Russia made its own, darker Jungle Book". The Telegraph. Retrieved 16 December 2017.  ^ " Rikki-Tikki-Tavi
Rikki-Tikki-Tavi
(TV 1975)". IMDb. Retrieved 12 April 2013.  ^ "The White Seal (TV 1975)". IMDb. Retrieved 12 April 2013.  ^ " Mowgli's Brothers (TV 1976)". IMDb. Retrieved 12 April 2013.  ^ "Jungle Book (1942)". British Film Institute. Retrieved 16 December 2017.  ^ "The Jungle Book". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 16 December 2017.  ^ Nordyke, Kimberly (24 January 2017). "Oscars: 'La La Land' Ties Record With 14 Nominations". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 4 January 2018.  ^ "Oscar Nominations: Complete List". Variety. 24 January 2017. Retrieved 4 January 2018.  ^ "The Jungle Book" (PDF). Disney. Retrieved 4 January 2018.  ^ "Mondo tv S.P.A - LIBRARY The jungle book". Retrieved 2017-03-18.  ^ "Stuart Paterson – complete guide to the Playwright and Plays". Retrieved 16 December 2017. 

External links

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: The Jungle Book

Wikimedia Commons has media related to The Jungle Book.

1910 edition at Archive.org

The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
at Project Gutenberg The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
public domain audiobook at LibriVox

v t e

Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Book

Books

The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
(1894) The Second Jungle Book
The Second Jungle Book
(1895) All the Mowgli
Mowgli
Stories (1933)

Mowgli
Mowgli
stories

"Mowgli's Brothers" "Kaa's Hunting" "Tiger! Tiger!" "Letting in the Jungle" "Red Dog"

Other stories

"Rikki-Tikki-Tavi" "Toomai of the Elephants"

Characters

Mowgli Baloo Bagheera Akela Raksha Kaa Hathi Shere Khan Bandar-log King Louie

Disney franchise

Film

The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
(1967) The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
(1994) The Jungle Book: Mowgli's Story (1998) The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
2 (2003) The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
(2016)

Television

TaleSpin
TaleSpin
(1990–91) Jungle Cubs
Jungle Cubs
(1996–1998)

Soundtrack

"Colonel Hathi's March" "The Bare Necessities" "I Wan'na Be like You" "Trust in Me" "That's What Friends Are For" "My Own Home" "Jungle Jungle Baat Chali Hai"

Video games

The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
(1993) The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
Groove Party (2000)

Other

The Jungle Book: Alive with Magic Colonel Hathi's Pizza Outpost

Other adaptations

Film

Elephant Boy (1937) Jungle Book (1942) Adventures of Mowgli
Mowgli
(1973) The Second Jungle Book: Mowgli
Mowgli
& Baloo
Baloo
(1997) Mowgli's First Adventure: In Search of the Elephant Eye Diamond (1998) Mowgli
Mowgli
(2018)

Television

Elephant Boy (1973) Mowgli's Brothers (1976) Jungle Book Shōnen Mowgli
Mowgli
(1989–90)

episodes

Mowgli: The New Adventures of the Jungle Book (1998) The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
(2010–)

Other

The Third Jungle Book
The Third Jungle Book
(1992) A dzsungel könyve Djungelboken

Related

Law of the jungle Mowgli
Mowgli
syndrome The Graveyard Book
The Graveyard Book
(2008)

v t e

Rudyard Kipling

Novels

The Light that Failed
The Light that Failed
(1891) Captains Courageous
Captains Courageous
(1896) Kim (1901)

Collections

Plain Tales from the Hills (1888) Soldiers Three
Soldiers Three
(1888) The Story of the Gadsbys
The Story of the Gadsbys
(1888) In Black and White (1888) The Phantom 'Rickshaw and other Eerie Tales
The Phantom 'Rickshaw and other Eerie Tales
(1888) Under the Deodars
Under the Deodars
(1888) Wee Willie Winkie and Other Child Stories
Wee Willie Winkie and Other Child Stories
(1888) From Sea to Sea and Other Sketches, Letters of Travel (1889) Barrack-Room Ballads
Barrack-Room Ballads
(1892, poetry) Many Inventions (1893) The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
(1894)

"Mowgli's Brothers" "Kaa's Hunting" "Tiger! Tiger!" "Rikki-Tikki-Tavi"

The Second Jungle Book
The Second Jungle Book
(1895)

"Letting in the Jungle" "Red Dog"

All the Mowgli
Mowgli
Stories (c. 1895) The Seven Seas (1896, poetry) The Day's Work (1898) Stalky & Co. (1899) Just So Stories
Just So Stories
(1902) The Five Nations
The Five Nations
(1903, poetry) Puck of Pook's Hill
Puck of Pook's Hill
(1906) Rewards and Fairies
Rewards and Fairies
(1910) The Fringes of the Fleet
The Fringes of the Fleet
(1915, non-fiction) Debits and Credits (1926) Limits and Renewals (1932) Rudyard Kipling's Verse: Definitive Edition (1940) A Choice of Kipling's Verse
A Choice of Kipling's Verse
(by T. S. Eliot, 1941)

Poems

"The Absent-Minded Beggar" "The Ballad of the "Clampherdown"" "The Ballad of East and West" "The Beginnings" "The Bell Buoy" "The Betrothed" "Big Steamers" "Boots" "Cold Iron" "Dane-geld" "Danny Deever" "A Death-Bed" "The Female of the Species" "Fuzzy-Wuzzy" "Gentleman ranker" "The Gods of the Copybook Headings" "Gunga Din" "Hymn Before Action" "If—" "In the Neolithic Age" "The King's Pilgrimage" "The Last of the Light Brigade" "The Lowestoft Boat" "Mandalay" "The Mary Gloster" "McAndrew's Hymn" "My Boy Jack" "Recessional" "A Song in Storm" "The Sons of Martha" "Submarines" "The Sweepers" "Tommy" "Ubique" "The White Man's Burden" "The Widow at Windsor"

Short stories

".007" "The Arrest of Lieutenant Golightly" "Baa Baa, Black Sheep" "Bread upon the Waters" "The Broken Link Handicap" "The Butterfly that Stamped" "Consequences" "The Conversion of Aurelian McGoggin" "Cupid's Arrows" "The Devil and the Deep Sea" "The Drums of the Fore and Aft" "Fairy-Kist" "False Dawn" "A Germ-Destroyer" "His Chance in Life" "His Wedded Wife" "In the House of Suddhoo" "Kidnapped" "Learoyd, Mulvaney and Ortheris" "Lispeth" "The Man Who Would Be King" "A Matter of Fact" "Miss Youghal's Sais" "The Mother Hive" "Ortheris" "The Other Man" "The Rescue of Pluffles" "The Ship that Found Herself" "The Sing-Song of Old Man Kangaroo" "The Taking of Lungtungpen" "Three and – an Extra" "The Three Musketeers" "Thrown Away" "Toomai of the Elephants" "Watches of the Night" "Wireless" "Yoked with an Unbeliever"

Related

Bibliography Bateman's
Bateman's
(house) Indian Railway Library Ritual of the Calling of an Engineer

Iron Ring

Law of the jungle Aerial Board of Control My Boy Jack (1997 play) Rudyard Kipling: A Remembrance Tale (2006 documentary) My Boy Jack (2007 film)

Family

Elsie Bambridge (daughter) John Kipling
John Kipling
(son) John Lockwood Kipling
John Lockwood Kipling
(father) MacDonald sisters
MacDonald sisters
(mother's family) Stanley Baldwin
Stanley Baldwin
(cousin) Georgiana Burne-Jones
Georgiana Burne-Jones
(aunt) Edward Burne-Jones
Edward Burne-Jones
(uncle) Philip Burne-Jones
Philip Burne-Jones
(cousin) Edward Poynter
Edward Poynter
(uncle) Alfred Baldwin (uncle)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 72145857800523020097 LCCN: n79129910 GND: 4326028-7 BNF: cb1216

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