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The Graphic
The Graphic
was a British weekly illustrated newspaper, first published on 4 December 1869 by William Luson Thomas's company Illustrated Newspapers Limited. The influence of The Graphic
The Graphic
within the art world was immense, its many admirers included Vincent van Gogh, and Hubert von Herkomer.[1] It continued to be published weekly under this title until 23 April 1932 and then changed title to The National Graphic between 28 April and 14 July 1932; it then ceased publication, after 3,266 issues. From 1890 until 1926, Luson Thomas's company, H. R. Baines and Co. published The Daily Graphic.

Contents

1 Background 2 Realisation

2.1 Artists 2.2 Writers

3 Weekly topics 4 Innovations 5 The Daily Graphic 6 Demise 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

Background[edit]

An illustration from the newspaper from 1884

The Graphic
The Graphic
was founded by William Luson Thomas, a successful artist, wood engraver and social reformer. Earlier he, his brother and his brother-in-law had been persuaded to go to New York and assist in launching two newspapers, Picture Gallery and Republic. Thomas also had an engraving establishment of his own and, aided by a large staff, illustrated and engraved numerous standard works.[2] Exasperated, even angered, by the unsympathetic treatment of artists by the world's most successful illustrated paper, The Illustrated London News, and having a good business sense Luson Thomas resolved to set up an opposition. His illustrated paper, despite being more expensive that its competition, became an immediate success.[1]

Realisation[edit] When it began in 1869, the newspaper was printed in a rented house. By 1882, the company owned three buildings and twenty printing presses, and employed more than 1,000 people. The first editor was Henry Sutherland Edwards. A successful artist himself, founder Thomas recruited gifted artists including Luke Fildes, Hubert von Herkomer, Frank Holl, and John Millais. The Graphic
The Graphic
was published on a Saturday and its original cover price was sixpence, while the Illustrated London News
News
was fivepence.[1] In its first year, it described itself to advertisers as "a superior illustrated weekly newspaper, containing twenty-four pages imperial folio, printed on fine toned paper of beautiful quality, made expressly for the purpose and admirably adapted for the display of engravings". In addition to its home market the paper had subscribers all around the British Empire
British Empire
and North America. The Graphic
The Graphic
covered home news and news from around the Empire, and devoted much attention to literature, arts, sciences, the fashionable world, sport, music and opera. Royal occasions and national celebrations and ceremonials were also given prominent coverage. Artists[edit] Artists employed on The Graphic
The Graphic
and The Daily Graphic
Daily Graphic
at the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th century included Helen Allingham, Edmund Blampied, Alexander Boyd, Frank Brangwyn, Randolph Caldecott, John Charles Dollman, James H. Dowd, Godefroy Durand, Luke Fildes, Harry Furniss, John Percival Gülich, George du Maurier, Phil May, Ernest Prater, Leonard Raven-Hill, Sidney Sime, Snaffles (Charles Johnson Payne), George Stampa, Edmund Sullivan, Bert Thomas, F. H. Townsend, Harrison Weir, and Henry Woods. Writers[edit] Writers for the paper included George Eliot, Thomas Hardy, H. Rider Haggard and Anthony Trollope. [1] Malcolm Charles Salaman was employed there from 1890 to 1899. Beatrice Grimshaw
Beatrice Grimshaw
travelled the South Pacific reporting on her experiences for the Daily Graphic.[3] Mary Frances Billington served the Graphic as a special correspondent from 1890 to 1897, reporting from India in essays that were compiled into Woman in India (1895).[4] Weekly topics[edit]

Topics of the Week: 12 paragraphs of news coverage. Amusements: A roundup of activities for the week, for the middle-class reader. Our illustrations: a summary of all the illustrations in the edition. Home: a summary of the news in Britain. Church news Legal: Trials and Cases of interest to the target reader. A weekly serial written by popular authors of the time, such as William Black (although this seemed to appear in the 1880s). Book reviews A summary of the new developments in science. Rural
Rural
notes: information about the season and tips about crops, and other news concerning the rampant unrest of the farm labourers. New Music: Reviews of the latest music and musicals. Obituaries: of Church leaders, factory owners, European Royalty, musicians and noteworthy Victorians. Sport: coverage of football and cricket (with W.G. Grace) Motoring: c. 1903–1908 Dorothy Levitt, The Fastest Girl on Earth, wrote a column on motoring from the point of view of 'A woman's right to motor'. A collection of her articles formed the basis of the book The Woman and the Car: A chatty little handbook for all women who motor or who want to motor in 1907/9.

There were at least three pages dedicated to advertising and it is interesting to see the obsession with hygiene, with countless adverts for toothpaste and soap products (and 'miracle-cure' pills). Innovations[edit] The Graphic
The Graphic
was designed to compete with The Illustrated London News (established in 1842), and became its most successful rival. Earlier rivals such as the Illustrated Times
Illustrated Times
and the Pictorial Times had either failed to compete or been merged with the ILN. It appealed to the same middle-class readership, but The Graphic, as its name suggests, was intended to use images in a more vivid and striking way than the rather staid ILN. To this end it employed some of the most important artists of the day, making an immediate splash in 1869 with Houseless and Hungry, Luke Fildes' dramatic image of the shivering London poor seeking shelter in a workhouse. It is much more difficult to produce and print illustrations than type. Improvements in process work and machinery at the end of the 1880s allowed Luson Thomas to realise a long cherished project, a daily illustrated paper.[2] The Daily Graphic[edit] On 4 January 1890, Luson Thomas's company, H. R. Baines and Co., commenced publication of the first daily illustrated newspaper in England, which was called The Daily Graphic. It was published until 16 October 1926, when it was incorporated with the Daily Sketch.[5] [a] Demise[edit] Luson Thomas's seventh son George Holt Thomas was a director of the newspaper company and became general manager. Holt Thomas founded The Bystander and later Empire Illustrated before abandoning newspapers in 1906 and making a greater name for himself in the aviation industry.[6] On August 15, 1932 Time magazine reported the name change to The National Graphic and editor William Comyns Beaumont of The Bystander took over, replacing Alan John Bott.[7] References[edit]

^ This newspaper is not to be confused with its American precursor of the same name, published between 1873 and 1889, which was the first American daily illustrated newspaper.

^ a b c Mark Bills, ‘Thomas, William Luson (1830–1900)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 ^ a b Mr William Luson Thomas, Obituary. The Times, Thursday, October 18, 1900; pg. 7; Issue 36276 ^ "DANGERS OF PEARL DIVING". The Queenslander. 18 March 1905. p. 40. Retrieved 10 December 2011 – via National Library of Australia.  ^ Fred Hunter, "Billington, Mary Frances (1862–1925)" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press 2004). ^ "Victorian Illustrated Newspapers and Journals". British Library. Retrieved 27 January 2018.  ^ Vincent Orange, ‘Thomas, George Holt (1870–1929)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 ^ Time Magazine: "Eight Less One", August 15, 1925

Mitchell's Newspaper Press Directory, 1870 The Reference Specialist British Library Newspapers

Further reading[edit]

Law, Graham. Indexes to Fiction in The Illustrated London News (1842–1901) and the Graphic, (1869–1901). Victorian Fiction Research Guides 29, Victorian Fiction Research Unit, Department of English, University of Queensland, 2001. Waterloo Directory of English Newspapers and Periodicals 1800–1900 (Canada: North Waterloo Academic Press, 2003) The Newspaper Press in Britain: an annotated bibliography (London:Mansell Publishing, 1987).

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to The Graphic.

A history of The Graphic
The Graphic
newspaper & staff, with image of the paper's engraving room in 1882. Publication dates (British Library website)

v t e

Defunct newspapers of the United Kingdom

National

Dailies

British Gazette British Worker The Bullionist Daily Chronicle Daily Citizen The Daily Courant Daily Dispatch Daily Express Daily Gazette Daily Gazetteer Daily Herald The Independent Daily News Daily Sketch Daily Sport The Day Financial News Financier and Bullionist Greyhound Express The Hour Indicator Jewish Times The Morning Chronicle Morning Herald Morning Leader The Morning Post Morning Standard Morning Star New Daily News
News
Chronicle The Post Sporting Chronicle Sporting Life The Sportsman (1865) The Sportsman (2006) Today

Sundays

Empire News Independent on Sunday Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper National News News
News
of the World News
News
on Sunday The Planet on Sunday Reynold's News Sunday Business Sunday Chronicle Sunday Correspondent Sunday Dispatch Sunday Evening Telegram Sunday Graphic Sunday Illustrated Sunday Referee Sunday Special Sunday Sportsman Sunday Today Sunday Worker

Weeklies

Athletic News The Age Black and White Early Times The Era The European The Examiner The Graphic The Illustrated London News The Leader Mark Lane Express The Sphere The Weekly True Sun

Regional

London evening newspapers

The Echo Evening News Evening Post Evening Times The Globe Jewish Evening News London Evening News London Evening Post London Lite The Pall Mall Gazette St James's Gazette The Star The Sun (1792-1806) The Sun (1893-1906) True Sun The Westminster Gazette Whitehall Evening Post

Dailies

Birmingham Evening Despatch Bristol Mercury Bristol Evening World Burnley Evening Star Chatham Evening Post Chelmsford Evening Herald Daily Post Darlington Evening Dispatch Doncaster Evening Post Edinburgh Evening Dispatch Evening Citizen (Glasgow) Hereford Evening News Huddersfield Daily Chronicle Eastern Morning News
News
(Hull) Glasgow Evening News Jewish Post and Gazette (London) Jewish Times (London) Kent Today Leicester Daily Post Leicester Evening Mail Liverpool Courier Liverpool Daily Post Liverpool Evening Express Liverpool Mercury London Daily News The London Paper Luton Evening Post Manchester Evening Chronicle Northern Whig (Belfast) Nottingham Daily Express Nottingham Evening News Nottingham Journal Shields Evening News Southern Daily Mail (Portsmouth) Slough Evening Mail Surrey Daily Advertiser Watford Evening Echo Yorkshire Evening News

Sundays

Sunday Pink (Manchester) Sunday Sentinel (Stoke) Western Independent (Plymouth) Yorkshire on Sunday

Weeklies

Brighton Herald Leeds Mercury Trewman's Exeter Flying Post

Other

British Journal Caledonian Mercury (thrice weekly) The New Day Scottish Daily News Scottish Leader (daily)

Related

Burney Collection of Newspapers

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