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The Fringes of the Fleet
The Fringes of the Fleet
is a booklet written in 1915 by Rudyard Kipling (1865–1936). The booklet contains essays and poems about nautical subjects in World War I. It is also the title of a song-cycle written in 1917 with music by the English composer Edward Elgar
Edward Elgar
and lyrics from poems in Kipling's booklet.

Contents

1 Kipling's booklet 2 Elgar's songs 3 Recordings 4 Republication in Sea Warfare 5 See also 6 Notes 7 References 8 External links

Kipling's booklet[edit] In 1915 Kipling was commissioned by The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph
to write a series of six articles on his view of life in less well-known aspects of the defence of the nation on its seas. These were given the general title "The Fringes of the Fleet", and had three sub-titles "The Auxiliaries", "Submarines" and "Patrols", and published between 20 November and 2 December. Each was prefaced by a short poem which did not have a title itself. Immediately afterwards the poems and essays were re-published in a booklet called "The Fringes of the Fleet".[1]

1. The Auxiliaries – I

The text opens with a poem The Lowestoft Boat which starts with the words "In Lowestoft
Lowestoft
a boat was laid, / Mark well what I do say!", later given the title "The Lowestoft
Lowestoft
Boat" and a subtitle "(East Coast Patrols of the War)".

2. The Auxiliaries – II

The text opens with a poem which starts "Dawn off the Foreland[2] – the young flood making / Jumbled and short and steep – ", later titled "Mine Sweepers".

3. Submarines – I

The text opens with a poem which resembles the shanty "Farewell and adieu to you, Spanish Ladies". The original and final title, "Harwich Ladies", was for security reasons at the time changed to "Greenwich Ladies".

4. Submarines – II

The text opens with a very short poem (two verses of four lines) titled "Tin Fish".[3] The poem starts "The ships destroy us above / And ensnare us beneath."

5. Patrols – I

The text opens with a poem entitled "A Song in Storm", which starts with the words "Be well assured that on our side / Our challenged oceans fight."

6. Patrols – II

The final article begins with a poem later called "The North Sea Patrol".

Elgar's songs[edit] In January 1916 Lord Charles Beresford
Lord Charles Beresford
requested Elgar to make songs of some of the verses in Kipling's booklet: Elgar chose four of them, and appropriately set them for four men's voices.[4] Elgar gave different titles to three of the four poems

The Lowestoft Boat used the words of the poem of the same name Fate's Discourtesy – the poem "A Song in Storm". The words "Fate's discourtesy" appear in the refrain to all three verses. Edward German set the same poem to music for voice and piano in 1916, giving it the title of the first phrase "Be well assured". Submarines – the poem "Tin Fish". The Sweepers, – the poem "Mine Sweepers".[5]

The work was dedicated by the composer "...to my friend Admiral Lord Beresford". The first performance was, at Elgar's suggestion, part of a wartime variety show at the London Coliseum
London Coliseum
on 11 June 1917, and the singers were baritones Charles Mott (following his performance in "The Starlight Express"), Harry Barratt, Frederick Henry and Frederick Stewart. The show ran for four weeks with two performances a day and was a great success. In the production the curtain rose on a seaport scene, outside a public house, with the four singers in rough-and-ready merchant-seamen's clothes, seated around a table.[4][6]

"Inside the Bar"

The song Inside the Bar, with words by Sir Gilbert Parker, was subsequently added to the cycle and performed by the same singers at the same theatre exactly two weeks later. The songs were so popular that later that year Elgar conducted the songs around British provincial music-halls (Stoke, Manchester, Leicester, and Chiswick), with Charles Mott (who had been called up) replaced by George Parker.[4] For reasons which Elgar did not understand at the time, when they returned to the Coliseum at the end of that year, Kipling appeared and objected to his songs being performed at music-halls.[4] Kipling was upset by the report that his son John was missing.[7] Elgar's singer, Charles Mott, was later killed in France in May 1918.[8] Recordings[edit]

The first recording was made on 4 July 1917, with singers Charles Mott, Frederick Henry, Frederick Stewart and Harry Barratt, and Elgar conducting a 'Symphony Orchestra'. This acoustic recording was made for The Gramophone Company
The Gramophone Company
and appeared under the H.M.V. label, on discs D453-4.[9] Songs and Piano Music by Edward Elgar
Edward Elgar
"The Fringes of the Fleet" performed by Peter Savidge (baritone) with Mark Bamping, William Houghton and Edward Whiffin (chorus), and David Owen Norris (playing on Elgar's 1844 Broadwood piano) Elgar: War Music Paul Kenyon, Stephen Godward, Simon Theobald, Russell Watson (baritones), Barry Collett (conductor), Rutland Sinfonia The CD with the book Oh, My Horses! Elgar and the Great War[10] has many historical recordings including the 1917 recording of Fringes of the Fleet with Charles Mott, Frederick Henry, Frederick Stewart, and Harry Barratt (baritones), conducted by Elgar Roderick Williams/ Guildford
Guildford
Philharmonic Orchestra/Tom Higgins (Somm) SOMMCD243[11] This recording by the Guildford
Guildford
Philharmonic was billed as the first fully professional orchestral performance in over 90 years.[12]

Republication in Sea Warfare[edit] In 1916 The Fringes of the Fleet
The Fringes of the Fleet
was republished by Macmillan, titled Sea Warfare, with two other sections relating to the Navy and a final poem:

The Fringes of the Fleet
The Fringes of the Fleet
(pages 1–92)

Opens with a poem The Lowestoft
Lowestoft
Boat; not titled

Tales of "The Trade" (1916) (pages 93–143)

About the Submarine Service; opens with a poem titled "The Trade" which starts:

They bear, in place of classic names,

Letters and numbers on their skin.

They play their grisly blindfold games

In little boxes made of tin.

The Battle of Jutland
Battle of Jutland
(1916) (pages 145-220)

About the sea battle; opens with a poem which starts:

Have you news of my boy Jack?

Not this tide

When d’you think that he’ll come back?

Not with this wind blowing, and this tide.

A poem titled "The Neutral" ends the book (pages 221-222)

Brethren, how shall it fare with me

When the war is laid aside,

If it be proved that I am he

For whom a world has died ?

See also[edit]

The song Big Steamers, written in 1918, on a related subject with words by Kipling and music by Elgar

Notes[edit]

^ Notes by Alastair Wilson on "The Fringes of the Fleet" ^ The North Foreland and the South Foreland (in Kent) are features of the south-east English coast ^ "Tin fish" were torpedoes, and submarines were "sardine cans" ^ a b c d Moore, pages 705–710 ^ "Mine Sweepers" is in another small booklet and called "Trawlers", published in "Twenty Poems from Rudyard Kipling" ^ Porte, page 201 ^ Foreman, p.209 ^ Foreman, p.321 ^ Kennedy, p.365 ^ Lewis Foreman, Oh, My Horses! Elgar and the Great War ^ Elgar: The Fringes of the Fleet, etc: Williams/ Guildford
Guildford
PO/Higgins ^ Nick Higham Elgar rediscovered BBC Saturday, 7 November 2009

References[edit]

Foreman, Lewis (ed.),"Oh, My Horses! Elgar and the Great War", Elgar Editions, Rickmansworth, 2001 ISBN 0-9537082-3-3 Kipling, Rudyard "The Fringes of the Fleet", Macmillan & Co. Ltd, London, 1916 Kipling, Rudyard "Twenty Poems from Rudyard Kipling", Methuen, London, 1918 Kennedy, Michael "Portrait of Elgar" (Oxford University Press, 1987, Third ed.) ISBN 0-19-284017-7 Moore, Jerrold Northrop "Edward Elgar: A Creative Life" (Oxford University Press, 1984) ISBN 0-19-315447-1 Porte, J. F. "Sir Edward Elgar" (London, Kegan Paul, Trench, Turner & Co. Ltd., 1921)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to The Fringes of the Fleet.

The Fringes of the Fleet
The Fringes of the Fleet
Transcription of the 1916 booklet by David Clark The Fringes of the Fleet
The Fringes of the Fleet
public domain audiobook at LibriVox Elgar Rediscovered: The Fringes of the Fleet
The Fringes of the Fleet
BBC News Sea Warfare – The Fringes of the Fleet
The Fringes of the Fleet
Notes on the text by Alastair Wilson

v t e

Rudyard Kipling

Novels

The Light that Failed
The Light that Failed
(1891) Captains Courageous
Captains Courageous
(1896) Kim (1901)

Collections

Plain Tales from the Hills (1888) Soldiers Three
Soldiers Three
(1888) The Story of the Gadsbys
The Story of the Gadsbys
(1888) In Black and White (1888) The Phantom 'Rickshaw and other Eerie Tales
The Phantom 'Rickshaw and other Eerie Tales
(1888) Under the Deodars
Under the Deodars
(1888) Wee Willie Winkie and Other Child Stories
Wee Willie Winkie and Other Child Stories
(1888) From Sea to Sea and Other Sketches, Letters of Travel (1889) Barrack-Room Ballads
Barrack-Room Ballads
(1892, poetry) Many Inventions (1893) The Jungle Book
The Jungle Book
(1894)

"Mowgli's Brothers" "Kaa's Hunting" "Tiger! Tiger!" "Rikki-Tikki-Tavi"

The Second Jungle Book
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(1895)

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(1902) The Five Nations
The Five Nations
(1903, poetry) Puck of Pook's Hill
Puck of Pook's Hill
(1906) Rewards and Fairies
Rewards and Fairies
(1910) The Fringes of the Fleet
The Fringes of the Fleet
(1915, non-fiction) Debits and Credits (1926) Limits and Renewals (1932) Rudyard Kipling's Verse: Definitive Edition (1940) A Choice of Kipling's Verse
A Choice of Kipling's Verse
(by T. S. Eliot, 1941)

Poems

"The Absent-Minded Beggar" "The Ballad of the "Clampherdown"" "The Ballad of East and West" "The Beginnings" "The Bell Buoy" "The Betrothed" "Big Steamers" "Boots" "Cold Iron" "Dane-geld" "Danny Deever" "A Death-Bed" "The Female of the Species" "Fuzzy-Wuzzy" "Gentleman ranker" "The Gods of the Copybook Headings" "Gunga Din" "Hymn Before Action" "If—" "In the Neolithic Age" "The King's Pilgrimage" "The Last of the Light Brigade" "The Lowestoft
Lowestoft
Boat" "Mandalay" "The Mary Gloster" "McAndrew's Hymn" "My Boy Jack" "Recessional" "A Song in Storm" "The Sons of Martha" "Submarines" "The Sweepers" "Tommy" "Ubique" "The White Man's Burden" "The Widow at Windsor"

Short stories

".007" "The Arrest of Lieutenant Golightly" "Baa Baa, Black Sheep" "Bread upon the Waters" "The Broken Link Handicap" "The Butterfly that Stamped" "Consequences" "The Conversion of Aurelian McGoggin" "Cupid's Arrows" "The Devil and the Deep Sea" "The Drums of the Fore and Aft" "Fairy-Kist" "False Dawn" "A Germ-Destroyer" "His Chance in Life" "His Wedded Wife" "In the House of Suddhoo" "Kidnapped" "Learoyd, Mulvaney and Ortheris" "Lispeth" "The Man Who Would Be King" "A Matter of Fact" "Miss Youghal's Sais" "The Mother Hive" "Ortheris" "The Other Man" "The Rescue of Pluffles" "The Ship that Found Herself" "The Sing-Song of Old Man Kangaroo" "The Taking of Lungtungpen" "Three and – an Extra" "The Three Musketeers" "Thrown Away" "Toomai of the Elephants" "Watches of the Night" "Wireless" "Yoked with an Unbeliever"

Related

Bibliography Bateman's
Bateman's
(house) Indian Railway Library Ritual of the Calling of an Engineer

Iron Ring

Law of the jungle Aerial Board of Control My Boy Jack (1997 play) Rudyard Kipling: A Remembrance Tale (2006 documentary) My Boy Jack (2007 film)

Family

Elsie Bambridge (daughter) John Kipling
John Kipling
(son) John Lockwood Kipling
John Lockwood Kipling
(father) MacDonald sisters
MacDonald sisters
(mother's family) Stanley Baldwin
Stanley Baldwin
(cousin) Georgiana Burne-Jones
Georgiana Burne-Jones
(aunt) Edward Burne-Jones
Edward Burne-Jones
(uncle) Philip Burne-Jones
Philip Burne-Jones
(cousin) Edward Poynter
Edward Poynter
(uncle) Alfred Baldwin (uncle)

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