Thanet District
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Thanet is a
local government district The districts of England (also known as local authority districts or local government districts to distinguish from unofficial city districts) are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government Local ...
in
Kent Kent is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William and Robert ...

Kent
, England. Formed under the
Local Government Act 1972 The Local Government Act 1972 (c. 70) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and ...
, it came into being on 1 April 1974 and is governed by
Thanet District Council Thanet District Council is the local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public administration is the implementation of government policy Public policy is a course of action crea ...
. On the north eastern tip of Kent, it is predominantly coastal, with north, east and southeast facing coastlines, and is bordered by the
City of Canterbury The City of Canterbury () is a Non-metropolitan district, local government district with List of cities in the United Kingdom, city status in Kent, England. As well as Canterbury itself, the district extends north to the coastal towns of Whista ...
district to the west and the
Dover Dover () is a town and major ferry port in Kent Kent is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first publishe ...
district to the south. The main towns are
Margate Margate is a seaside town A seaside resort is a resort town ski resort, Slovakia Image:Nusa dua beach.jpg, Nusa Dua in Bali, Indonesia A resort town, often called a resort city or resort destination, is an urban area where tourism or va ...

Margate
,
Ramsgate Ramsgate is a seaside resort, seaside town in the district of Thanet District, Thanet in east Kent, England. It was one of the great English seaside towns of the 19th century. In 2001 it had a population of about 40,000. In 2011, according to th ...
and
Broadstairs Broadstairs is a coastal town on the Isle of Thanet in the Thanet District, Thanet district of east Kent, England, about east of London. It is part of the civil parishes in England, civil parish of Broadstairs and St Peter's, which includes St ...

Broadstairs
.


History

The
Isle of Thanet The Isle of Thanet () is a peninsula at the most easterly point of Kent, England. While in the past it was separated from the mainland by the Wantsum Channel, it is no longer an island. Archaeological remains testify to its settlement in ancie ...

Isle of Thanet
is the major part of the district. Formed over 7,000 years ago and separated from the mainland by the
Wantsum Channel The Wantsum Channel was a strait A strait is a naturally formed, narrowing, typically navigable waterway that connects two larger bodies of water. The surface water generally flows at the same elevation on both sides and through the strait in ...
, it has always borne the brunt of invasions from
the Continent Continental Europe or mainland Europe is the contiguous continent of Europe, excluding its surrounding islands. It can also be referred to ambiguously as the European continent, – which can conversely mean the whole of Europe – and, by ...

the Continent
. An Isle of Thanet Rural District had existed from the
Local Government Act 1894 The Local Government Act 1894 (56 & 57 Vict. c. 73) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organi ...
until it was abolished in 1935 to form part of
Eastry Rural District Eastry Rural District was a rural district in the county of Kent, England, from 1894 to 1974. It was subject to a significant boundary reform in 1935 when several parishes were gained from the disbanded Isle of Thanet Rural District and other p ...
. The current District was formed in 1974, by the addition of the area over which was once the Wantsum Channel, including the settlement of Sarre.


Governance

The District Council is held by a Labour minority with support from Greens and Independents, following a vote of no confidence in the Conservative Leader, Cllr Bob Bayford. There are two MPs for Thanet: *
Roger Gale Sir Roger James Gale (born 20 August 1943) is a British politician who has served as the Member of Parliament A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the people who live in their constituency. In many countries with Bicameral ...
, Conservative MP for
North Thanet North Thanet is a constituency An electoral district, also known as an election district, legislative district, voting district, constituency, riding, ward, division, (election) precinct, electoral area, circumscription, or electorate, is ...
, *
Craig MacKinlay Craig Mackinlay (born 7 October 1966) is a Conservative Party politician and businessman. Since May 2015, he has been the Member of Parliament A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the people who live in their constituency. ...
, Conservative MP for South Thanet. The names of the
civil parish In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public administration is the implementation of public policy, gove ...
es located in the district are: *
Acol Acol is the bridge A bridge is a Nonbuilding structure, structure built to Span (engineering), span a physical obstacle, such as a body of water, valley, or road, without closing the way underneath. It is constructed for the purpose of provi ...
*
Birchington Birchington-on-Sea is a village#United Kingdom, village in northeast Kent, England, with a population of around 10,000. It is part of the Thanet District, Thanet district and forms part of the civil parish of Birchington. It lies on the coast ...
*
Cliffsend Cliffsend is a village (sometimes written, correctly, as Cliffs End) and civil parish situated almost west of Ramsgate, Kent, United Kingdom, in the Thanet District, Thanet local government district. Hengist and Horsa landed near here in 410AD, ...
* Manston * Minster * Monkton *
St Nicholas-at-Wade St Nicholas-at-Wade (or St Nicholas) is both a village and a civil parishes in England, civil parish in the Thanet District of Kent, England. The parish had a recorded population of 782 at the United Kingdom Census 2001, 2001 Census, increasing to ...
Broadstairs and St Peter's form
Broadstairs and St Peter's Broadstairs and St Peter's is a civil parish in the Thanet District, Thanet district of Kent, England. The parish comprises the settlements of Broadstairs, St Peter's, Kent, St Peter's and Westwood, Kent, Westwood, including Westwood Cross. It is ...
, served by a town council, which has no more than the powers of a parish council. A town council was created for
Ramsgate Ramsgate is a seaside resort, seaside town in the district of Thanet District, Thanet in east Kent, England. It was one of the great English seaside towns of the 19th century. In 2001 it had a population of about 40,000. In 2011, according to th ...
in 2009. The town of
Margate Margate is a seaside town A seaside resort is a resort town ski resort, Slovakia Image:Nusa dua beach.jpg, Nusa Dua in Bali, Indonesia A resort town, often called a resort city or resort destination, is an urban area where tourism or va ...

Margate
is an
unparished area In England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to ...
: it has a charter maintained by
charter trustees In England and Wales England and Wales () is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom, parts of the United Kingdom. England and Wales forms the constitutional successor to the former Kingdom o ...
, having been a
municipal borough Municipal boroughs were a type of local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public administration is the implementation of government policy Public policy is a course of action c ...
before 1974.


Demography

According to the 2011 census, the population of Thanet was 134,186, an increase of about 6000 in the ten years since the previous census.


Economy

The whole district suffers from seasonal unemployment, in spite of its proximity to London, because of various factors, among them being inward migration, high numbers of old people, and low numbers of affluent people. It is not helped by poor overall indicators for health.Association of Public Health Observatories - Health Profiles APHO Health Profiles
In a study of resilience to economic downturns, Thanet was poorly rated at 295th out of 324 districts. Unemployment levels are nearly twice the South East of England as a whole, and as a result a great deal of planning is being done to encourage more businesses to relocate to the District. Th
Thanet & East Kent Chamber
produces a weekly business digest, the Thanet & East Kent Insider, which reports on economic activity in the private and public sectors. New projects underway include: A new community centre for Broadstairs. Redevelopment and renovations are to be undertaken at Margate's Dreamland (a Heritage Amusement Park); Cliftonville (Lido site); and a Holiday Inn (hotel), now open. A large retail and residential development on Ramsgate seafront, known as Royal Sands, started construction in 2011 but was quickly halted. A multimillion-pound art gallery The
Turner Contemporary Turner Contemporary is an art gallery in Margate Margate is a seaside town A seaside resort is a resort town ski resort, Slovakia Image:Nusa dua beach.jpg, Nusa Dua in Bali, Indonesia A resort town, often called a resort city or reso ...

Turner Contemporary
(opened by Tracey Emin in April 2011) in Margate and this has created the opening of many new shops in the Margate old town and visitor numbers have far exceeded expectation. Margate has been chosen as a
Mary Portas Mary Portas (''née'' Newton; born 28 May 1960) is an English retail consultant and broadcaster, known for her retail- and business-related television shows, founding her creative agency Portas and her appointment by David Cameron, the Prime Mini ...
retail town. Large investment and building work is taking place in schools across the island. In addition, the District Council has introduced an empty property initiative and has compulsory purchased empty and derelict buildings with the objective of bringing them back into use. The Thanet Offshore Wind Project, near North Foreland, began operating in September 2010. The project is expected to have a total capacity of up to 300 MW which, on average, is sufficient to supply approximately 240,000 homes with green energy. The project will thus make a significant contribution to the government's national and regional renewable energy targets.
Thanet Earth Thanet Earth is a large industrial agriculture Industrial agriculture is a form of modern farming Agriculture is the science, art and practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedent ...
is the largest greenhouse development in the UK, covering an area of 91 hectares with 7 greenhouses each the size of 10 football pitches producing cucumbers, tomatoes and peppers all year. Margate, Ramsgate and Broadstairs each have shopping centres with a mix of local and national retailers complemented by Northdown Road, Cliftonville, Westgate and Birchington. Westwood at the centre of Thanet has seen much major development in recent years with the building of
Westwood Cross Westwood Cross is a shopping centre at Westwood, Kent, Westwood in Thanet District, Thanet, Kent. It is near Broadstairs, Margate and Ramsgate. It was built by Carillion and opened in June 2005. Main shopping centre Westwood Cross main shoppi ...
shopping centre which is the home of national retailers and several restaurant chains including a
Travelodge Travelodge (formerly TraveLodge) refers to several hotel chains around the world. Current operations include: the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Spain, Ireland, New Zealand, Australia and Asia. However, many of these are operated by ...

Travelodge
hotel. Associated development has taken place around the shopping centre spawning other retail parks. National retailer
Primark Primark (; named Penneys in the Republic of Ireland Ireland ( ga, Éire ), also known as the Republic of Ireland ('), is a country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable pol ...

Primark
opened a new superstore in October 2012, the largest Primark store in Kent.


Transport

The rail connections are via the
Chatham Main Line The Chatham Main Line is a railway line in England that links London Victoria station, London VictoriaQuail Map 5 – England South ages 2–13Sept 2002 (Retrieved 14 December 2011) and Dover Priory railway station, Dover Priory / Ramsgate ...
through Margate to Ramsgate, and the Ashford to Ramsgate (via Canterbury West) line. New high-speed rail links from London to Thanet began in December 2009, and it is now possible to travel from Margate to
St Pancras railway station St Pancras railway station (), also known as London St Pancras or St Pancras International and officially since 2007 as London St Pancras International, is a central London railway terminus on Euston Road Euston Road is a road in Central ...

St Pancras railway station
at an average speed of 96 kmh (around 60 mph); maximum speed of 225 km/h (around 140 mph). This will form part of the UK's first true high-speed commuter service, according to the South Eastern Railway Company. Main road links are the A28 which brings traffic from Canterbury and Ashford; and the A299, north coast route. The
Saxon Shore Way The Saxon Shore Way is a long-distance footpath in England. It starts at Gravesend, Kent, Gravesend, Kent, and traces the coast of South-East England as it was in Roman Empire, Roman times as far as Hastings, East Sussex, in total. This mean ...
Long distance footpath A long-distance trail (or long-distance footpath, track, way, greenway (landscape), greenway) is a longer recreational trail mainly through rural areas used for hiking, backpacking (wilderness), backpacking, cycling, horse riding or cross-coun ...
skirts the coast. There is an airport, now closed, at Manston, formerly
RAF Manston Royal Air Force Manston or more simply RAF Manston is a former Royal Air Force The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or B ...
, but later renamed by its commercial operators as
Kent International Airport Manston Airport was a British airport. It was branded as Manston, Kent International Airport and was located in the parish of Minster-in-Thanet Minster, also known as Minster-in-Thanet, is a village and civil parish In England, a civ ...
. The airport closed permanently on 15 May 2014. Because it was used as a U.S. airbase during the
Second World War World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
it has one of the longest runways in the UK, and while open it was designated by the United Nations as an emergency landing site for aircraft in trouble. Ferry services are no longer running from the Port of Ramsgate, and the council is currently in dispute with the former operators over the payment of £3.3 million


Health

Thanet has a large hospital: the Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother Hospital, known as the QEQM. Extension work which started in 2007 has made the QEQM a major hospital site. As of July 2010, overall indicators of health were poor for Thanet:Association of Public Health Observatories
Thanet Health Profile
, July 2010
* Health is worse in Thanet than in England on average * Life expectancy is lower than for England * There are health inequalities: in deprived areas life expectancy is 5 years lower for women and 10 years lower for men * Teenage pregnancies are high compared to the England average * Estimated smoking rates are average but death rates from smoking are significantly higher * Binge drinking is around the national average * Children are significantly less active than average * Significantly higher than average number of people admitted to hospital for alcohol-specific conditions * Significantly higher than average rate of diabetes * Significantly higher than average rate of mental health problems


Media

Local newspapers are the ''Thanet Extra'', part of the KM Group; ''Isle of Thanet Gazette'' and ''Thanet Times'' (merged with Adscene, October 2009), (the Thanet Times was withdrawn in October 2012) all owned by Northcliffe Media; and the midweek Your Thanet published online by KOS Media. The county-wide newspaper ''Kent on Saturday'' also serves the district. Local radio stations are; *KMFM Thanet (previously known as Thanet Local Radio) owned by the KM Group. (All Programmes are networked with other KM Kent stations). *Community non-commercial station Academy FM (Thanet), Academy FM Thanet on 107.8FM and online and via mobile app it broadcasts from within Marlowe Academy, Ramsgate. *The county-wide Heart Kent *BBC Radio Kent National TV stations carry regional news: The ITV1 service is provided currently by Meridian Broadcasting; and the BBC South East Today. Thanet also has a local online radio and podcasting service currently operating online only known as 'Thanet Community Radio' (TCR). The station works closely with Dover-based 'Dover Community Radio' (DCR) which operates in a similar way.


Education

Thanet has a wide variety of local schools including approximately 41 primary schools such as Drapers Mills, Palm Bay, and Upton. Outstanding secondary schools include Dane Court Grammar, and Chatham and Clarendon Grammar. The community learning within the district is varied and wide, including charitable training organisations such as East Kent ITeC Ltd, and organisations such as Margate Adult Education Centre, Thanet Skills Studio and Thanet Stage School. East Kent College is a provider of further education in Thanet and a Training Provider that works with local businesses to raise the level of education across the region. Canterbury Christ Church University currently has a campus in Broadstairs, serving Media, Art and Design subjects.


Climate

Thanet enjoys a maritime climate, being surrounded on three sides by the sea. This generally results in mild winters and warm, dry summers.


References

{{Authority control Thanet, Non-metropolitan districts of Kent