Telefónica, S.A. (Spanish pronunciation: [teleˈfonika]) is a
Spanish multinational broadband and telecommunications provider with
operations in Europe, Asia, and North, Central and South America.
Operating globally, it is one of the largest telephone operators and
mobile network providers in the world. The company is a component of
Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index.
The company started as a public telecommunications company. Its head
office is in the
Distrito Telefónica in Madrid. As well as the
Telefónica brand, it also trades as O2, Vivo and Movistar.
As of May 2017,
Telefónica was the 110th largest company in the
world, according to Forbes.
3 Current operations
3.1.3 United Kingdom
3.2.5 Costa Rica
3.2.6 Dominican Republic
3.2.11 Puerto Rico
3.2.13 United States
4 Former operations
4.1 Czech Republic
6 Financial data
9 Positions on network neutrality
10 Investments and collaborations
12 See also
14 External links
Logo from 1984 to 1993
The company was created in
Madrid in 1924 as Compañía Telefónica
Nacional de España (CTNE) with ITT as one of its major
shareholders. Until the liberalisation of the telecom market in
Telefónica was the only telephone operator in
still holds a dominant position (over 75% in 2000). Since 1997,
the Spanish government has privatized its interest in the company.
Telefónica is a 100% listed company with more than 1.5 million direct
shareholders. Its share capital currently comprises 4.563.996.485
ordinary shares traded on the Spanish Stock Market (Madrid, Barcelona,
Bilbao and Valencia) and on those in London, New York, Lima, and
Buenos Aires. The five major stockholders include:
Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria
Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria (BBVA): 6,072%
Société Générale: 5,774%
Norges Bank: 1,355%
A map highlighting Telefónica's global operations.
Telefónica operating countries
Telefónica's partners and affiliates
Telefónica was the parent of
Telefónica Deutschland, which held two
alternative IP carriers. The two ISPs, mediaWays and HighwayOne merged
in January 2003 after having been purchased by
Telefónica in 2001 and
February 2002 respectively.
On 26 January 2006
Telefónica completed its £17.7 billion (€25.7
billion) acquisition of the UK-based operator O2 which also provided
mobile phone services in Germany under the O2 brand. Following the
Telefónica Deutschland and O2 Germany to
form the current business
Telefónica Germany, purchased competitor
E-Plus on 1 October 2014. As
part of the purchase,
Telefónica reduced its stake in its subsidiary
to 62.1%. Integration continues as of August 2015, but the now merged
network is Germany's largest in customers.
Telefonica Tower in Barcelona
Telefónica is the second largest corporation in Spain, behind the
Santander Group. It owns
Telefónica de España which is the
largest fixed phone and ADSL operator in Spain,
the largest mobile phone operator in
Spain (under the
and Terra Networks, S.A., an Internet subsidiary.
Spain now has the
most extensive fibre-to-home network in Europe, as of April 2016.
Main article: O2 (UK)
On 31 October 2005, O2 agreed to be taken over by Telefónica, with a
cash offer of £17.7 billion, or £2 per share. According to the
merger announcement, O2, which provided mobile phone services in the
UK, Ireland, Germany and the
Isle of Man
Isle of Man (uniquely to the O2 group
Manx Telecom also offered fixed-line services), retained its name and
continued to be based in the United Kingdom, keeping both the brand
and the management team. The merger became unconditional on 23 January
2006 and O2 became a wholly owned subsidiary of Telefónica. Manx
Telecom was sold by
Telefónica Europe in June 2010.
In January 2015,
Li Ka-shing entered into talks with
buy O2 for around £10.25 billion, aiming to merge it with his
subsidiary Three. The acquisition was officially blocked by the
European Commission on 11 May 2016, which argued that the merger would
reduce consumer choice and lead to a higher cost of services 
Telefónica began to seek a stock market flotation of the business
In France, since 2011,
Telefónica has a joint venture with the French
Bouygues Telecom, part of the Bouygues
group, to offer global telecommunication services packages to
multinational companies. This cooperation was expanded in June 2015
through the creation of a separate joint venture company named
Telefónica Global Solutions France, with its own marketing and sales
Bouygues Telecom services packages to
Telefónica operates the
Movistar mobile phone brand throughout Latin
Mexico it occupies a distant second place and it is the
largest in Chile, Venezuela, Brazil, and Peru.
Telefónica de Argentina which is the largest
fixed-line operator in the country. It provides broadband, local and
long distance telephone services in southern part of the country as
well as the Greater Buenos Aires area. The
Telefónica Group has been
in the country since 1990. The mobile business is run by Telefónica
Móviles through Movistar, a local subsidiary.
Telefónica's largest fixed-line operation in South America is in
Brazil, where it provides broadband, local and long distance telephone
services in the aforementioned state, which alone represents the
highest GDP of South America. It also owns a majority stake in the
Brazilian mobile operator Vivo, having agreed on 28 July 2010 to buy
Portugal Telecom's stake in the firm for €7.5 billion, after
increasing its original offer by €1.8 billion over three months of
incident-rich negotiations. The
Telefónica group has been in the
country since 1996 when it acquired CRT, a fixed-line and mobile
operator in the southern part of the country. The landline division is
currently part of Brasil Telecom.
Telefónica is the parent of
In 2009, after four big "blackouts" on Telefónica's broadband
"Speedy", ANATEL ordered
Telefónica to stop sales of its broadband
service until improvements were made on the infrastructure to provide
better-quality service. After the release of sales of broadband
internet in August 2009, ANATEL expects the company's service
investments to keep on par with the sales. On 24 July 2010 Telefónica
announced that the number of Speedy subscribers had exceeded three
Telefónica Chile, formerly CTC (Compañía de
Telecomunicaciones de Chile, formerly known as Compañía de
Teléfonos de Chile) which is the biggest fixed-line operator and
internet service provider in the country. The
Telefónica Group has
been in the country since 1989. The mobile business is run by
Telefónica Móviles through a local subsidiary. On 25 October 2009,
Chile changed its name to Movistar, including cellphone,
landline, satellite TV, and internet.
On 18 April 2006, Telefónica's president Cesar Alierta signed an
agreement with the Colombian government to buy 50% and one share of
the state-owned communications company, Colombia Telecomunicaciones
(TELECOM). With this sale,
Telefónica became the largest
Colombian land-line operator, and also gained an important presence in
the local, long-distance and broadband market. The mobile business is
Telefónica Móviles through the brand movistar. It is unknown
what will happen with their previous established subsidiary
Telefónica Empresas, being most probable a merger with TELECOM. The
company is now known as
Telefónica - Telecom.
Telefónica signed a contract for 15 years (extendable for 10
additional years) on 12 May 2011 with the government of Costa Rica. It
started operations on 2011 under its
Telefónica acquired a 26.5% stake in Tricom when it
purchased part of the shares
Motorola had obtained in 1993.
After acquiring 100% of OTECEL S.A. (Bellsouth),
Ecuador started its operations on 14 October 2004 as Movistar. It
offers mobile solutions for the Ecuadorian market and is one of only
three mobile operators in Ecuador.
Telefónica in Ecuador has started
offering 3G service from the second half of 2009.
After acquiring 100% of Paysandú S.A.,
Telefónica Guatemala Centro
América started its operations in 1998 as
Telefónica for landlines. In 2004, acquired 100% of BellSouth
Guatemala, relaunching mobile operations as movistar in 2005, with
mobile services based on CDMA technology, in 2004 as Telefónica
Movistar launch national service with GSM/GPRS technology, and CDMA 1x
EV-DO for data. It offers mobile solutions for the Guatemalan market
and is one of only three mobile operators in Guatemala, international
Millicom (TIGO) and
América Móvil (Claro). Telefónica
Móviles Guatemala (renamed in 2005) offers services on UMTS/HSPA
since June 2009, and it was the last operator to launch commercial
services on this technology, with coverage in all major cities.
Telefónica started its operations in Panama in 2004 as Telefónica
acquired 100% of Bellsouth Panama. Since then it has operated using
Movistar for mobile services. It migrated from CDMA
technology used by Bellsouth to
GSM 850. It also offers 3G using UMTS
UMTS 1900. In 2015 it launched LTE with coverage expanding in
Panama City, Arraijan, Chorrera up to Buenaventura Beach.
Telefónica Group has been in the country since 1994 and owns the
largest fixed-line operator in the country. The local subsidiary
offers local, long-distance, and broadband services nationwide. The
mobile business is run by
Telefónica Móviles through a local
subsidiary. The mobile telephone business goes by the name Movistar
and competes with major provider Claro. Their main offices are located
in Santa Beatriz on Av. Arequipa 1155.
Since January 2011,
Telefónica has operated in the market under the
Telefónica in Puerto Rico has presence through
Telefónica Larga Distancia - TLD,
Telefónica International Wholesale
Services - TIWS (formerly Emergia) and Atento.
Movistar brand, had presence in Puerto Rico until mid-2007
that they sold the Puerto Rico network to a private equity group who
renamed it Open Mobile.
In late 2004
Telefónica took over the operations of Telcel Bellsouth
in Venezuela, the first and largest mobile operator in the south
american country at the time. After re-branding as Movistar, its
CDMA2000 EvDO was progressively replaced by a
UMTS 3G network.
Telefónica is currently rolling out 4G LTE in the country.
Based in Miami, Florida,
Telefónica USA, Inc. provides services to
U.S.-based multinational companies that have operations in Latin
America and Europe.
Telefónica USA also operates the KeyCenter™, a
data center in Miami built to withstand category 5 hurricanes,
from where the company supports
Business Continuity and IT services
for Enterprise customers in South Florida.
China Unicom agreed to a $1Bn cross-holding with
Telefónica. In January 2011, the two partners agreed to a further
$500 million tie-up in each other. Following completion in late 2011,
Telefónica will hold a 9.7% stake in China Unicom, and China Unicom
will own 1.4% of the Spanish firm.
China Unicom and
Telefónica establish a new partnership to
combine their services and networks in the internet of things, so as
to enable their clients to deploy IoT products ans services in China,
Europe and Latin America with a single global IoT SIM card.
Telefónica Czech Republic
Telefónica bought Český Telecom (Czech Telecom), the
former state-owned Czech phone operator which still dominates the
Czech fixed-line market. As part of this deal
Telefónica also gained
its 100% subsidiary Eurotel, one of three mobile phone operators in
the Czech Republic. Starting 1 July 2006, both companies were merged
into one legal entity and renamed
Telefónica O2 Czech Republic. In
2011, the company was renamed
Telefónica Czech Republic
Telefónica Czech Republic and in 2013,
it was announced that
Telefónica would sell its stake in the company
to PPF. Under the terms of the sale, the company will continue trading
under the O2 brand for a maximum of four years.
Telefónica won the tender to become the third mobile
phone operator in Slovakia, under the O2 brand. It began providing
services on 2 February 2007 under the name
Telefónica O2 Slovakia,
s.r.o. It initially launched providing only a prepaid service but in
mid-2007 began to sell contract phones. The company was sold along
Telefónica Czech Republic
Telefónica Czech Republic to PPF.
Main article: O2 (Ireland)
O2 in Ireland was purchased by
Telefónica as part of its acquisition
of O2 plc in the UK in 2005.
Telefónica Ireland has become the second
largest mobile phone operator in Ireland, operating a GSM/EDGE and
high-speed HSPA+ wireless broadband network to residential and
business customers through its "O2" brand.
Telefónica Ireland also
provide fixed broadband to business customers.
It was announced on 24 June 2013 that
Telefónica had agreed to sell
its O2 Ireland mobile business for at least €780 million ($1
billion) in cash to Hutchison Whampoa's subsidiary 3. O2 was
merged into Hutchison Whampoa's subsidiary
Three Ireland in March 2015
Main article: Telecom Italia
Telefónica currently owns 46% of Telco, the holding company that
controls 22% of Telecom Italia, Italy's former government–owned
telephone company. In late 2003,
Telefónica announced its intention
to acquire the entirety of Telco by January 2014, potentially becoming
Telecom Italia's largest shareholder. The plan, was however challenged
by the Brazilian competition authority since
Telefónica and Telecom
Italia, with Vivo and TIM respectively, are the two largest telephone
companies competing in Brazil. Subsequently,
Telefónica confirmed in
September 2014 that it intended to sell its shares in Telecom Italia
following the purchase of
Global Village Telecom
Global Village Telecom (GVT) in
Telefónica sold its shares in the business to
part of the sale of GVT in June 2015.
The firm provides fixed, mobile and data telecommunications, digital
platforms and ICT services to the B2B sector (MNC, Enterprise, SME and
Wholesale) through its
Business Solutions unit.
Telefónica lists, among other, the following as existing
customers: Inditex, Scottish Power, BBVA, Endesa,
Ferrovial and FCC.
Full network operations: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa
Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Germany, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua,
Panama, Peru, Puerto Rico, Spain, United Kingdom, Uruguay and
Commercial offices: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Czech Republic,
Denmark, Estonia, France, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy,
Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Singapore, Slovakia, Sweden,
Switzerland and USA
Remote operations and network points of presence: Finland, Latvia,
Lithuania, Morocco, Norway and Slovenia
Strategic and industrial alliances: China Unicom
It has an extended service reach in 129 additional countries.
Financial data in millions of euro
Source :OpesC Quarterly Report Jan - Dec 2008 - page 9
In football, Teléfonica is an official sponsor for several national
Spain (Movistar+) in Europe and
Brazil (vivo), Mexico,
Venezuela in America.
O2 are the main sponsors of the England national rugby team.
From 2011, they are to sponsor the Spanish
UCI ProTour cycling team
Teléfonica, through Movistar, is the major sponsor of Yamaha Motor
Racing, a motorcycle racing team in MotoGP, and was also a major
sponsor of one of Suzuki's and Honda's racing teams in MotoGP in the
Within Formula One,
Telefónica was a major sponsor of the Renault F1
Team until Fernando Alonso's departure to
McLaren in 2007, and were
title sponsors of the
Spanish Grand Prix
Spanish Grand Prix from 2006 to 2010. Through
its acquisition of O2,
Telefónica also indirectly sponsored the BMW
Sauber F1 Team.
F1 Racing estimates these sponsorships amount to $18
million, $15 million and $23 million respectively.
They also sponsored the
Ford Focus WRC
Ford Focus WRC during seasons 2000-2002 when
Spanish rally driver
Carlos Sainz drove for the team. The sponsorship
Movistar on it and the stickers were on the front
bumper, the rear 3-quarters and the rear spoiler. As Sainz moved to
Telefónica followed and sponsored Citroën rally team
Movistar- and Telefónica-sponsored teams contested the
Volvo Ocean Race
Volvo Ocean Race in the 2005-06, 2008-09 and 2011-12
This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to
reflect recent events or newly available information. (June 2016)
Telefónica has received several fines due to convictions over unfair
competition, abuse of its position as dominant provider, and antitrust
violations through the Commission of Telecommunications, European
Commission, and Spanish tribunals. These fines include:
900,000 euro fine, Spanish tribunals
18 million euro fine, Spanish
Telecommunication Market commission, 57
million in 2004 for unfair competition
151.9 million euro by
European Commission for abusing its dominant
As of 2008,
Telefónica had in court two more fines, with a value of
793 million euros.
On 5 July 2007, the
European Commission ordered
Telefónica to pay a
record antitrust fine of almost €152 million for activities in the
Spanish broadband market which, according to European Union
competition commissioner Neelie Kroes, "harmed Spanish consumers,
Spanish businesses and the Spanish economy as a whole, and by
extension Europe's economy".
Several consumer groups in
Spain have reported unnecessary delays in
cancelling Telefónica's ADSL service. These consumer groups also
claim that services continue to be billed after being cancelled and
that service cancellation requests are ignored. This has led
Spanish people to organize themselves in consumer groups such as the
"Asociación de Internautas" and user communities like "Bandaancha" in
order to defend themselves from Telefónica's abuses, and to give
support and help to each other in their various complaints about
Telefónica's unfair practices.
The practices are claimed to include the complex process involved in
cancelling lines. These line cancellation procedures are justified
Telefónica as a way of "defending customers against hoaxes".
Furthermore, in areas where ADSL lines are scarce, there are also
reports of customers who claim to have had their service cancelled or
inexplicably transferred to another customer although they have paid
their bills. This practice is considered by some to be used by
Telefónica in certain areas of
Spain where there are few broadband
Positions on network neutrality
Main article: Network neutrality
In February 2010,
Telefónica CEO Cesar Alierta expressed in a meeting
Spain that his company intends to charge
Google and other
search engines for the use of their network. Alierta complained
that such search engines were benefiting from the platform without
contributing to the company's expenses and that such a trend will
change in the near future. Additionally he said that
seek to push its own content.
Investments and collaborations
Telefónica is a supporter of the Hybrid Broadcast Broadband TV
(HbbTV) initiative (a consortium of broadcasting and Internet industry
companies including SES, OpenTV, and Institut für Rundfunktechnik)
that is promoting and establishing an open European standard for
hybrid set-top boxes for the reception of broadcast TV and broadband
multimedia applications with a single user interface, and has run
pilot HbbTV services in Spain.
Wayra subsidiary first launched in Latin America and
Spain in 2011 to provide seed investment and mentoring to new
companies. Since its inception,
Wayra has backed over 300 companies
including Trustev, Venddo, Cloudwear and NFWare.
As of 1 December 2014, the
Firefox web browser includes the Firefox
WebRTC feature, that allows real-time voice and video online
Firefox Hello is powered by[clarification needed]
Telefónica and was also co-developed by Telefónica.
Telefónica Dynamic services offers mobile-money using Sybase 365
Mobile wallet systems, with a service-centre based in Tel-Aviv.
In September 2017,
Telefónica signed an agreement in order
to evaluate technologies enabling an efficient network evolution to 5G
in line with Telefónica's business objectives.
On 12 May 2017,
Telefónica computer's network was critically attacked
by a malware known as WannaCry ransomware attack.
List of telephone operating companies
List of mobile network operators
^ "People: Telefonica SA". Reuters. Retrieved 26 April 2016.
^ a b c d e "Company Financials Telefonica S.A."
Retrieved 15 May 2017.
^ "Financial Report 2014" (PDF). Telefónica. Retrieved 13 November
^ Frankfurt Stock Exchange
^ "How to get to Distrito Telefónica."
^ "Contact Us Archived 28 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine.."
Telefónica. Retrieved 24 January 2012. "Telefónica, S.A.
Distrito Telefónica - Oeste 2, C/ Ronda de la
Comunicación s/n 28050 Madrid" and "
Distrito Telefónica - Edificio
Central Pl 2ª C/Ronda de la Comunicación s/n 28050 Madrid"
Telefónica on the Forbes Global 2000 List". Forbes. Retrieved
^ "History". Telefónica. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
^ Garcia Algarra, Javier (2010). "The American influence in
Telefónica's public relations strategy during the 20's and 30's",
IEEE HISTELCON 2010
^ "Press conference on
Telefónica decision – introductory remarks"
(Press release). European Commissioner for Competition Policy. 4 July
2007. Retrieved 18 February 2008.
BlackRock ya es primer accionista de Telefónica
^ Newman, Matthew (10 January 2006). "Telefonica Wins Conditional EU
Approval for O2 Bid". Bloomberg. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
^ Spanish companies in
Fortune Global 500 ranking.
^ Hail, César! The fate of
César Alierta mirrors
Spain’s ups and downs Apr 2nd 2016 The Economist
^ "Telefonica bids £18 billion for U.K.'s O2". BBC News. 31 October
2005. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
Li Ka-shing in talks to buy O2 for £10bn". BBC News. 23 January
2015. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
^ "EU blocks Three's takeover of O2". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May
^ Williams, Christopher (24 September 2016). "O2 fires up blockbuster
London float plans". The Telegraph. Retrieved 25 September 2016.
^ Minder, Raphael (28 July 2010). "
Telefónica Wins Full Control of
Brazil Phone Venture". The New York Times. Retrieved 31 July
^ Oglobo.oglobo.com Archived 25 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Movistar.cl". Movistar.cl. Retrieved 2013-10-12.
^ 12 Octubre 2013. 18:01. "César Alierta:
Telefónica es el aliado
"ideal"". El Librepensador. Archived from the original on 14 October
2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
^ DR1. 12 October 2000. Tricom sells 26.5% of its shares to
Telefónica de España
Telefónica Global Solutions KeyCenter™ in Miami data center
Telefónica Global Solutions. p. 4. Retrieved 4
October 2014. KeyCenter™ is a purpose built 173,500 sqft mission
critical facility capable to withstand CAT5 Hurricanes.
China Unicom and
Telefónica Enter into a Broad Strategic Alliance
and a Mutual Investment Agreement. 7 September 2009.
China Unicom strengthen ties". BBC News. 23 January
2011. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
China Unicom and
Telefónica create IoT network union. 5 March 2018
(retrieved on March 6 2018)
^ a b
Telefónica Agrees the Sale of
Telefónica Czech Republic
Telefónica Czech Republic to PPF
for 2,467 mln euros Archived 20 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Telefonica sells O2 Ireland to Hutchison's 3 for $1 billion".
Reuters monday 24 June 2013.
^ González, Andrés (1 September 2014). "Telefonica to exit Telecom
Brazil deal". Reuters. Retrieved 8 December 2014.
^ O'Leary, Elisabeth (24 June 2015). "Telefonica sells Telecom Italia
stake to Vivendi, makes 380 mln euro gain". Reuters. Retrieved 15
^ "Confirman la multa de 900.000 euros a
Telefónica por una denuncia
de la Asociación de Internautas" (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 February
^ "Competencia multa a
Telefónica con 57 millones por abuso de
posición dominante - elmundo.es economía" (in Spanish). Retrieved 18
^ urwqeqwenbhewqt6qh171 "Bruselas multa a
Telefónica con 151,8
millones de euros por impedir la competencia en ADSL" Check url=
value (help). elmundo.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 February
Telefónica Profit Doubles; Annual Forecasts Raised (Update5)".
Bloomberg.com. 30 July 2007. Retrieved 18 February 2008.
Jazztel presenta dos nuevas demandas contra
Telefónica por 793
millones". ADSL 4 EVER.COM (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 February
Telefónica ADSL - Opinión - Un timo, una estafa, un robo, una
mentira". Ciao.es. Retrieved 2013-10-12.
^ "Baja en Terra y
Telefónica con Burofax completo (con plantilla) -
Telefónica - Foros". BandaAncha.st. Retrieved 2013-10-12.
^ "Gestionando el conocimiento". Orcero.org. Retrieved
^ ABC / madrid (2010-10-04). "César Alierta, entre los cinco
ejecutivos más influyentes del mundo". ABC.es. Retrieved
^ "Telefónica's CEO to charge Google". Eitb.com. Retrieved
^ David Del Valle. "
Spain selects HbbTV standard". Advanced Television
25 November 2011. Retrieved 27 March 2012
Wayra Funding List, Retrieved 23 April 2014
^ Seed Finanzierung für
Firefox — Notes (34.0) — Mozilla". Mozilla Corporation. 1
December 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
Firefox Hello — Free, easy video conversations — Mozilla".
Mozilla Corporation. 2015. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
^ Protalinski, Emil (16 October 2014). "
Firefox 34 beta arrives with
Firefox Hello' calling by Telefonica, Chromecast tab mirroring from
Android". VentureBeat. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
^ Moscaritolo, Angela (14 January 2015). "
Firefox 35 Adds 'Hello'
Video Chat Service". PC Magazine. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
^ Daniels, Guy (2017-09-13). "
Telefónica edges closer to 5G with
trials of Nokia's "4.9G" technology". TelecomTV. Retrieved
Telefónica put techheads together". Good News from
Finland. 2017-09-14. Retrieved 2017-09-22.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Telefónica.
IBEX 35 companies of Spain
Amadeus IT Group
Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria
Banco Popular Español
Bolsas y Mercados Españoles
Fomento de Construcciones y Contratas
Gamesa Corporación Tecnológica
International Airlines Group
Mediaset España Comunicación
Obrascón Huarte Lain
Red Eléctrica de España
Euro Stoxx 50 companies of the
Last updated October 2015
Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria
ING Group NV
LVMH Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton
Société Générale SA
Major telecommunications companies
Companies with an annual revenue of over US$10 billion
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited
China Telecommunications Corporation
Mahanagar Telephone Nigam
Trilogy International Partners
Largest IT companies
List of mobile network operators
List of telephone operating companies
Open Handset Alliance
China Telecommunications Corporation
AKM Semiconductor, Inc.
CSR plc (joined as SiRF)
Marvell Technology Group
ST-Ericsson (joined as Ericsson Mobile Platforms)
Alcatel Mobile Phones
Chaudhary Group (with association of LG)
Sasken Communication Technologies
The Astonishing Tribe
Wind River Systems
Dalvik virtual machine