^† Temporary Joint Capital with
Andhra Pradesh not more than 10
Telangana and Andhra Pradesh
Symbols of Telangana
Kakatiya Kala Thoranam, Charminar
Telugu & Urdu
Jaya Jaya He
Telangana Janani Jayakethanam
Godavari, Krishna River,
Manjira River and Musi River
Telangana (/tɛlənˈɡɑːnə/ ( listen)) is a state in the
south of India. It is situated on the centre-south stretch of the
Indian peninsula on the high Deccan Plateau. It is the twelfth largest
state and the twelfth-most populated state in
India with a
geographical area of 112,077 km2 (43,273 sq mi) and
35,193,978 residents as per 2011 census.  On 2 June 2014, the area
was separated from north western part of
Andhra Pradesh as the newly
formed 29th state with
Hyderabad as its historic permanent capital.
Its other major cities include Warangal, Nizamabad,
Telangana is bordered by the states of
Maharashtra to the north and
Odisha to the northeast,
Karnataka to the
Andhra Pradesh to the east and south. The terrain of
Telangana region comprises mostly of hills, mountain ranges and a
thick dense forests distribution of 27,292 sq. km spread over
surroundings of wine ganga of Adilabad, Rakhi hill area in Karimnagar
district with Rachakonda ghats in east
Ranga Reddy district
Ranga Reddy district to
Ananthagiri Hills near Vikarabad.
The region now called as
Telangana was ruled by several major
dynasties in past
Indian history like Maurya Empire, Satavahana
dynasty, Chalukya dynasty, Kakatiya Dynasty,
Delhi Sultanate, Bahmani
Sultanate, Qutb Shahi dynasty,
Mughal Empire and Asaf Jahi Dynasty
(1724–1948). The region’s vast exposure to Persian tradition has
long been a meeting place for diverse cultures by acting as a link
between North and South of India. The territory on the whole came to
be known for its Ganga-Jamuna Tehzeeb.
The economy of
Telangana is mainly driven by agriculture but with a
reflecting Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of US $120 billion and
a high growth rate of 14.6% for current fiscal year (2016-17 est.),
the state has emerged as a major focus for robust IT software,
Industry and Services sector. The state is also the main
administrative centre to a large number of Indian defence aero-space
and research labs like Bharat Dynamics Limited, Defence Metallurgical
Defence Research and Development Organisation
Defence Research and Development Organisation and
Defence Research and Development Laboratory.
The Telugu-speaking region of
Telangana was ruled by the Nizam of
Hyderabad. It joined the Union of
India in 1948 after an Indian
military invasion. In 1956, the
Hyderabad State was dissolved as part
of the linguistic reorganisation of states and
Telangana was merged
with Telugu speaking
Andhra State (previously part of Madras
Presidency) to form Andhra Pradesh. Following an early peasant driven
movement for separation in early 50s,
Telangana was awarded separate
statehood on 2 June 2014.
The cultural hearts of Telangana,
Warangal are noted for
its wealth and renowned historical structures – Charminar, Qutb
Shahi Tombs, Paigah Tombs, Falaknuma Palace, Chowmahalla Palace,
Warangal Fort, Kakatiya Kala Thoranam,
Thousand Pillar Temple
Thousand Pillar Temple pond and
Bhongir Fort in Yadadri Bhuvanagiri. The historic
the Kakatiya reign was once known for the mines that have produced
some of the world's most famous gems, including the Koh-i-Noor, the
Hope Diamond, Daria-i-Noor, Regent Diamond,
Nassak Diamond and the
Noor-ul-Ain. Religious edifices like Lakshmi Narasimha Temple in
Yadagirigutta, Makkah Masjid in Hyderabad,
Medak Cathedral of Medak
are its famous places of worship.
2.1 Early history
2.2 Kakatiya Dynasty
2.3 Qutb Shahi and Asaf Jahi's
2.6 States Reorganisation Commission
2.8 Formation of
Telangana state in 2014
3.1.2 National Parks and Sanctuaries
4 Administrative divisions
5 Government and politics
10.2 Religious destinations
10.3 Telugu cinema
13 See also
15 Further reading
16 External links
Kingshuk Nag who authored "Battleground Telangana"
(2011); Etymology of
Telangana is uncertain; it is believed that the
word Telugu is derived from Telu in Gondi language—a dialact spoken
by the tribals of
Chhattisgarh (in present-day a state located north
of Telangana)—, and plural form of Telu is Telunga which means
"white-skinned people", and thus making the word Telangana.
According to Campbell, Alexander Duncan (1789–1857); who authored a
book "A Grammar of the Teloogoo language" (1816) mentions that; A
theory suggests that the name
Telangana is derived from the word
Trilinga (Sanskrit: त्रिलिङ्ग), as in the Trilinga
Desa, which translates to "the country of the three lingas". According
Shiva descended in the lingam form on three
Srisailam and Draksharama, which marked the
boundaries of the Trilingadesa (Sanskrit:
त्रिलिङ्गदेश), later called Telinga, Telunga
The word "Telinga" changed over time to "Telangana" and the name
"Telangana" was designated to distinguish the predominantly
Telugu-speaking region of the erstwhile
Hyderabad State from its
predominantly Marathi-speaking one, Marathwada. After Asaf Jahis ceded
the Seemandhra region to the British, the rest of the Telugu region
retained the name Telingana and the other parts were called Madras
Presidency's Circars and Ceded.
The earliest use of Telangadh, which means south, was found in Gond
Script.One of the earliest uses of a word similar to
also be seen in a name of
Malik Maqbul (14th century CE), who was
called the Tilangani, which implies that he was from Tilangana. He was
the commander of the
Warangal Fort (Kataka Pāludu).
According to Prof Jayadhir Thirumala Rao, an expert in oriental
manuscripts and languages, the Gonds, an ancient
tribe with its own language and script dating back to at least two
millennia, were the first people to refer to this region as Telangadh.
Even today the Gond language uses the term, which means south.
Perhaps, the Gonds were geographically positioned in the north. The
Gond script dating back to about 2000 years refers to the term,
Telangadh, which means south. The Gond language provides the earliest
known linguistic reference to the existence of
Telangana even before
the origin of the
Main article: History of Telangana
Telangana was governed by many rulers, including the Maurya Empire(320
BCE to 180 BCE),
Satavahana dynasty (180 BCE to 220 CE), Vakataka
dynasty (250CE - 500CE),
Chalukya dynasty (543CE - 753CE), Rashtrakuta
dynasty ( 753CE - 982CE), the
Kakatiya Dynasty (1083CE –1323CE), the
Musunuri Nayaks (1326–1356) the
Delhi Sultanate, the Bahmani
Sultanate (1347–1512), Vijayanagara Empire (1336–1646), Qutb Shahi
Mughal Empire (1687–1724) and Asaf Jahi
Maurya Empire and Satavahana dynasty
Satavahana dynasty (230 BCE to 220 CE) became the dominant power
in this region. It originated from the lands between the
Krishna rivers and was based at Amaravathi and Dharanikota. After
the decline of the Satavahanas, various dynasties, such as the
Vakataka, Vishnukundina, Chalukya, Rashtrakuta and Western Chalukya,
ruled the area.
Main article: Kakatiya dynasty
Ramagiri Fort ruins at
Karimnagar district is an
ancient fort initially built by the Sathavahanas and modified many
times by other dynasties till 16th century
Kota Gullu, temple ruins built in the 12th century by
Ghanpur, Mulug in warangal district
Telangana area experienced its golden age during the reign of the
Kakatiya dynasty, which ruled most parts of the present-day Andhra
Telangana from 1083 to 1323 CE.
Rudrama Devi and
Prataparudra II were prominent rulers from the Kakatiya dynasty. The
dynasty weakened with the attack of
Malik Kafur in 1309 and was
dissolved after the defeat of Prataparudra by the forces of Muhammad
bin Tughluq in 1323.
Qutb Shahi and Asaf Jahi's
The area came under the rule of the
Delhi Sultanate in the 14th
century, followed by the Bahmani Sultanate. Quli Qutb Mulk, a governor
of Golkonda, revolted against the
Bahmani Sultanate and established
Qutb Shahi dynasty
Qutb Shahi dynasty in 1518. On 21 September 1687, the Golkonda
Sultanate came under the rule of the Mughal emperor
Aurangzeb after a
year-long siege of the
In 1712, Qamar-ud-din Khan was appointed by emperor
the viceroy of Deccan with the title Nizam-ul-Mulk (meaning
"Administrator of the Realm"). He was later recalled to Delhi, with
Mubariz Khan appointed as the viceroy. In 1724, Qamar-ud-din Khan
defeated Mubariz Khan to reclaim the Deccan suba, establishing it as
an autonomous province of the Mughal empire. He took the name Asif
Jah, starting what came to be known as the Asif Jahi dynasty. He
named the area
Hyderabad Deccan. Subsequent rulers retained the title
Nizam ul-Mulk and were called Asif Jahi Nizams or nizams of Hyderabad.
Warangal divisions of
Telangana were part of their
When Asif Jah I died in 1748, there was political unrest due to
contention for the throne among his sons, who were aided by
opportunistic neighbouring states and colonial foreign forces. In
Hyderabad city became the formal capital of the Nizams. The
Nasir-ud-dawlah, Asaf Jah IV
Nasir-ud-dawlah, Asaf Jah IV signed the Subsidiary Alliance with
the British in 1799 and lost its control over the state's defence and
Hyderabad State became a princely state among the
presidencies and provinces of British India.
Telangana was the seat of numerous dynasties. The Chowmahalla Palace
was home to the Nizams of Hyderabad.
Hyderabad State in 1909
India became independent from the British Empire in 1947, the
Hyderabad did not want to merge with the Indian Union and
wanted to remain independent. The Government of
Hyderabad State on 17 September 1948 after a military operation called
Operation Polo. It appointed a civil servant,
M. K. Vellodi, as first chief minister of
Hyderabad State on
26 January 1950. He administered the state with the help of
English-educated bureaucrats from the Madras and Bombay states, who
were familiar with British systems of administration unlike the
Hyderabad State who used a completely different
administrative system. The official language of the state was switched
Urdu to English.
In 1952, Dr.
Burgula Ramakrishna Rao was elected chief minister of the
Hyderabad State in its first democratic election. During this time,
there were violent agitations by some Telanganites to send the Madras
state bureaucrats back and implement a rule by the natives (mulkis) of
Hyderabad (Syed alam sharjil) was elected chief minister of Hyderabad
after (Dr Burgula Ramakrishana Rao) for one year he has given resign
from the post.
Telangana Rebellion was a peasant revolt supported by the
communists. It originated in the
Telangana regions of the Hyderabad
State between 1946 and 1951, led by the
Communist Party of
The revolt began in the
Nalgonda district against the feudal lords of
Reddy and Velama castes. It quickly spread to the
Warangal and Bidar
districts. Peasant farmers and labourers revolted against the local
feudal landlords (jagirdars and deshmukhs) and later against the Nizam
Osman Ali Khan. The violent phase of the movement ended after the
Government of India's Operation Polo. Starting in 1951, the CPI
shifted to a more moderate strategy of seeking to bring communism to
India within the framework of Indian democracy.
States Reorganisation Commission
In December 1953, the
States Reorganisation Commission
States Reorganisation Commission (SRC) was
appointed to form states on a linguistic basis. An agreement was
Telangana leaders and Andhra leaders on 20 February
1956 to merge
Telangana and Andhra with promises to safeguard
Telangana's interests. After reorganisation in 1956, the region of
Telangana was merged with
Andhra State to form Andhra Pradesh.
Following this Gentlemen's agreement, the central government
established the unified state of
Andhra Pradesh on 1 November
1956. G.O 553 of 1959 from the united
Andhra Pradesh state
moved two revenue divisions of
Bhadrachalam from East
Aswaraopeta from West
Khammam for administrative
There have been several movements to revoke the merger of Telangana
and Andhra, major ones occurring in 1969, 1972 and 2009. The movement
for a new state of
Telangana gained momentum in the 21st century by an
Telangana Political Joint Action Committee, TJAC
including political leadership representing
Telangana area. On 9
December 2009 the Government of
India announced the process of
formation of the
Telangana state. Violent protests led by people in
Coastal Andhra and
Rayalseema regions occurred immediately after
the announcement, and the decision was put on hold on 23 December
The movement continued in
Hyderabad and other districts of
Telangana. There have been hundreds of claimed suicides,
strikes, protests and disturbances to public life demanding separate
Telangana state in 2014
Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014
On 30 July 2013, the Congress Working Committee unanimously passed a
resolution to recommend the formation of a separate
After various stages the bill was placed in the Parliament of
February 2014. In February 2014,
Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation
Act, 2014 bill was passed by the Parliament of
India for the formation
Telangana state comprising ten districts from north-western Andhra
Pradesh. The bill received the assent of the President and
published in the Gazette on 1 March 2014.
The state of
Telangana was officially formed on 2 June 2014.
Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao
Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao was elected as the first chief minister
of Telangana, following elections in which the
Samithi party secured majority.
Hyderabad will remain as the joint
capital of both
Andhra Pradesh for a period, not more
than 10 years after that period
Hyderabad shall be the capital of the
Telangana and there shall be a new capital for the State of
Andhra Pradesh picked
Amaravati as its capital;
moved its secretariat in 2016 and legislature in March 2017 to its new
See also: List of cities in Telangana
Andhra Pradesh and
Telangana Topo Map
Telangana is situated on the Deccan Plateau, in the central stretch of
the eastern seaboard of the Indian Peninsula. It covers 112,077 square
kilometres (43,273 sq mi). The region is drained by two
major rivers, with about 79% of the
Godavari River catchment area and
about 69% of the
Krishna River catchment area, but most of the land is
Telangana is also drained by several minor rivers such as the
Bhima, the Maner, the Manjira and the Musi.
The annual rainfall is between 900 and 1500 mm in northern
Telangana and 700 to 900 mm in southern Telangana, from the
southwest monsoons. Various soil types abound, including chalkas, red
sandy soils, dubbas, deep red loamy soils, and very deep black cotton
[clarification needed] soils that facilitate planting
mangoes, oranges and flowers.
Telangana is a semi-arid area and has a predominantly hot and dry
climate. Summers start in March, and peak in May with average high
temperatures in the 42 °C (108 °F) range. The monsoon
arrives in June and lasts until September with about 755 mm
(29.7 inches) of precipitation. A dry, mild winter starts in late
November and lasts until early February with little humidity and
average temperatures in the 22–23 °C (72–73 °F) range.
Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests ecoregion covers much
of the state, including Hyderabad. The characteristic vegetation is
Hardwickia binata and Albizia amara. Over 80% of the
original forest cover has been cleared for agriculture, timber
harvesting, or cattle grazing, but large blocks of forest can be found
Srisailam Tiger Reserve and elsewhere. The more
Eastern Highlands moist deciduous forests
Eastern Highlands moist deciduous forests cover the Eastern
Ghats in the eastern part of the state.
National Parks and Sanctuaries
Telangana has three National Parks: Kasu Brahmananda
Hyderabad district, and Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National
Mrugavani National Park
Mrugavani National Park in Ranga
Indian peafowl (Pavo cristatus) near Hyderabad
Wildlife Sanctuaries in
Telangana include Eturunagaram Wildlife
Sanctuary and Pakhal Wildlife Sanctuary in
Warangal District, Kawal
Tiger Reserve and
Pranahita Wildlife Sanctuary
Pranahita Wildlife Sanctuary in
Kinnerasani Wildlife Sanctuary
Kinnerasani Wildlife Sanctuary in
Khammam district, Manjira Wildlife
Medak district, Nagarjunsagar-
Srisailam Tiger Reserve in
Nalgonda and Mahbubnagar districts,
Pocharam Wildlife Sanctuary
Pocharam Wildlife Sanctuary in
Medak and Nizamabad districts,
Shivaram Wildlife Sanctuary in
Sacred groves are small areas of forest preserved by local people.
Sacred groves provide sanctuary to the local flora and fauna. Some are
included within other protected areas, like Kadalivanam in
Srisailam Tiger Reserve, but most stand alone. There
are 65 sacred groves Telangana—two in
Adilabad district, thirteen in
Hyderabad district, four in
Karimnagar district, four in Khammam
district, nine in Mahbubnagar district, four in
Medak district, nine
Nalgonda district, ten in Ranga
Reddy district, and three in
Main articles: List of districts in Telangana, List of mandals in
Telangana, and List of revenue divisions in Telangana
Telangana new districts created in 2016
Telangana at the time of formation on June 02 2014
The state is divided into 31 districts which are further divided into
68 revenue divisions and they are in turn divided into 584
The districts in the state are
Komaram Bheem Asifabad
There are a total of 12 cities which include 6 municipal corporations
and 38 municipalities.
Hyderabad is the only million-plus populated
city in the state.
Government and politics
Government of Telangana
Government of Telangana and Politics of Telangana
See also: List of Chief Ministers of Telangana
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Telangana is governed by a parliamentary system of representative
democracy, a feature the state shares with other Indian states.
Universal suffrage is granted to residents. There are three branches
Executive authority is vested in the Council of Ministers headed by
the Chief Minister, although the titular head of government is the
Governor. The Governor is the head of state appointed by the President
of India. The leader of the party or coalition with a majority in the
Legislative Assembly is appointed as the Chief Minister by the
Governor, and the Council of Ministers are appointed by the Governor
on the advice of the Chief Minister. The Council of Ministers reports
to the Legislative Assembly.
The legislature, the
Telangana Legislative Assembly
Telangana Legislative Assembly and the Telangana
Legislative Council, consists of elected members and special office
bearers such as the Speaker and Deputy Speaker, that are elected by
the members. Assembly meetings are presided over by the Speaker or the
Deputy Speaker in the Speaker's absence. The Assembly is bicameral
with 119 Members of the Legislative Assembly and 40 Member of the
Legislative Council. Terms of office run for 5 years unless the
Assembly is dissolved prior to the completion of the term. The
Legislative Council is a permanent body with one-third members
retiring every two years.
The judiciary is composed of the High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad
and a system of lower courts.
Auxiliary authorities known as panchayats, for which local body
elections are regularly held, govern local affairs. The state
contributes seats to Lok Sabha.
The main players in the regional politics are the
India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen, Telugu Desam Party,
Bharatiya Janata Party
Bharatiya Janata Party and Indian National Congress. Following the
Telangana Legislative Assembly
Telangana Legislative Assembly Election in 2014, the
Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao
Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao was elected to power.
List of cities in Telangana by population, Demographics of
Telangana, and List of districts in Telangana
Religion in Telangana
According to the
Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme 2009–10,
there are 9 backward districts (all except Hyderabad) from Telangana
and the rest are from other regions.
The religious makeup of
Telangana is about 85.1% Hindu, 12.7% Muslim,
and 1.3% Christian, and 0.9% others.
Telugu is the official language of
Urdu is the second
official language of the state. About 77% of the population of
Telangana speak Telugu, 12% speak Urdu, and 13% speak other
languages. Before 1948,
Urdu was the official language of
Hyderabad State, and due to a lack of Telugu-language educational
Urdu was the language of the educated elite of
Telangana. After 1948, once
Hyderabad State joined the new
Republic of India, Telugu became the language of government, and as
Telugu was introduced as the medium of instruction in schools and
colleges, the use of
Urdu among non
Hyderabadi Muslims decreased.
Both Telugu and
Urdu are used in services across the state, such as
Telangana Legislature website, with Telugu and
Urdu versions of
the website available, as well as the
Hyderabad Metro, wherein
both languages are used on station names and signs. The Urdu
Telangana is called Hyderabadi Urdu, which in itself is a
dialect of the larger Dakhini
Urdu dialects of South India. Although
the language is orally spoken by most Hyderabadi Muslims, the language
in a literary context has long been lost, and standard
According to the 2011 census, Telangana's literacy rate is 66.46%.
Male literacy and female literacy are 74.95% and 57.92%,
Hyderabad district leading with 80.96% and
Mahabubnagar district at the bottom with 56.06%.
Coal Handling Ropeway near Aswapuram,
Main article: Economy of Telangana
Economy of Telangana
Economy of Telangana is mainly driven by agriculture. Two
important rivers of India, the
Godavari and Krishna, flow through the
state, providing irrigation. Farmers in
Telangana mainly depend on
rain-fed water sources for irrigation. Rice is the major food crop.
Other important crops are cotton, sugar cane, mango and tobacco.
Recently, crops used for vegetable oil production such as sunflower
and peanuts have gained favour. There are many multi-state irrigation
projects in development, including
Godavari River Basin Irrigation
Projects and Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, the world's highest masonry
The state has also started to focus on the fields of information
technology and biotechnology.
Telangana is one of top IT-exporting
states of India. There are 68
Special Economic Zones in the state.
Telangana is a mineral-rich state, with coal reserves at Singareni
Paddy fields in
Rice is major food crop and staple food of the state. Other important
crops are maize, tobacco, mango, cotton and sugar cane.
Agriculture has been the chief source of income for the state's
economy. Important rivers of India, the Godavari, Krishna flow through
the state, providing irrigation. Apart from major rivers, there are
small rivers like Tunga Bhadra, Bima, Dindi, Kinnerasani, Manjeera,
Manair, Penganga, Pranahitha, peddavagu and Taliperu.There are many
multi-state irrigation projects in development, including Godavari
Irrigation Projects and Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, the world's
highest masonry dam.
Agri Export Zones for the following produce are proposed at the places
mentioned against them:
Gherkins – Mahabubnagar, Rangareddy, Medak, Karimnagar, Warangal
Mangoes and grapes – Hyderabad, Rangareddy, Medak, Mahabubnagar
HITEC City is a major IT hub of Hyderabad
See also: Software industry in Telangana
Several major manufacturing and services industries are in operation
mainly around Hyderabad. Automobiles and auto components industry,
spices, mines and minerals, textiles and apparels, pharmaceutical,
horticulture, poultry farming are the main industries in
Telangana. In terms of services,
Hyderabad is usually nicknamed as
Cyberabad due to its information technology foray and location of
major software industries in the city. Prior to secession, it
contributed 10% to India's and 98% to Andhra Pradesh's exports in IT
and ITES sectors last 2013 With
Hyderabad as in the front line of
Telangana's aims to promote information technology in India, the city
HITEC City as its premier hub.
The state government is in the process of developing Industrial Parks
at different places, for specific groups of industries. The existing
parks are Software Park at Hyderabad,
HITEC City for software units,
Apparel Park at Gundlapochampalli, Export Promotion Park at
Biotechnology park at Turkapally.
Hyderabad is also a major site for healthcare related industries
including hospitals and pharmaceutical organizations such as Nizam's
Institute of Medical Sciences, Yashoda Hospitals, LV Prasad Eye Care,
Akruti Institute of cosmetic and plastic surgery, Fever Hospital,
Durgabai Deshmukh, Continental Hospitals and Apollo Hospitals. Many
pharma and pharma-related companies like Dr. Reddy's Laboratories,
Shantha Biotechnics and GVK BIO are based out of Hyderabad.
In addition, Hyderabad-based healthcare non-profits include the Indian
Heart Association, a cardiovascular disease NGO.
Main article: Tourism in Telangana
Telangana State Tourism Development Corporation (TSTDC) is a state
government agency which promotes tourism in Telangana. Telangana
has a variety of tourist attractions including historical places,
monuments, forts, waterfalls, forests and temples.
Telangana state has won CNBC-TV18 Promising State of the Year Award
for the year of 2015. The Jury for the
India Business Leader Awards
(IBLA) has collectively chosen
Telangana for the award.
Ramagundam Thermal Power station
Hyderabad Outer Ring Road
Secunderabad railway station
Main article: List of Power Stations in Telangana
Hydel and thermal power projects in the state meet the power
requirements of the State. A number of new power projects are coming
up in the State which is expected to generate additional power
capacity in the state.
The state is well connected with other states by means of road, rail
and airways. The
Telangana State Road Transport Corporation
Telangana State Road Transport Corporation (TSRTC) is
the major public transport corporation that connects all the cities
and villages. Mahatma Gandhi Bus Station (M.G.B.S) in
one of the largest bus stand in Asia.
Jubilee Bus Station in
Secunderabad serves inter city bus services. Asia's biggest Inter City
Bus Terminal (ICBT) is being built in
Miyapur (Hyderabad), which would
house nearly 200 bus bays and parking for nearly 1,000 buses.
The state has a total of 16 national highways and accounts for a total
length of 2,690.23 km (1,671.63 mi).
South Central Railway
South Central Railway zone
The history of railways in this region dates back to the time of Nizam
Hyderabad in 1874. It operates under the auspices of the South
Central Railway founded in 1966. The landmark building Rail Nilayam in
Secunderabad is the Zonal Headquarter office of South Central Railway.
Hyderabad are the main divisions of South Central
Railway that fall in the state.
See also: List of airports in Telangana
Rajiv Gandhi International Airport
Rajiv Gandhi International Airport at
Shamshabad is an international
airport serving the city of
Hyderabad It is the largest airport in the
state and one of the busiest airports in the country. The government
has plans to upgrade
Warangal Airport, Nizamabad Airport and
Ramagundam Airport It also plans to construct airports in Karimnagar
Warangal has a domestic airport in Mamunooru which
was established in the year 1930 during Nizam period. All the exports
and imports of Azam Jahi Mills,
Warangal were done through the
Warangal Airport.
Kakatiya Kala Thoranam
Kuntala Waterfalls in Adilabad
Main article: Culture of Telangana
Telangana culture combines cultural customs from Persian traditions,
embedded during the rule of the region by the Moghuls, Qutub Shahis
and Nizams, with prominent and predominantly south Indian traditions
and customs. The State has a rich tradition in classical music,
painting and folk arts such as Burra Katha, shadow puppet show, and
Perini Shivatandavam, Gusadi Dance, Kolatam.
Golconda Fort, Qutb Shahi Tombs, Chowmahalla Palace,
Birla Mandir and Nagarjun sagar, Bhongir Fort,
Khammam Fort are some of the monuments in and around
Hindu worship destinations include
Bhadrachalam Temple, Gnana
Saraswati Temple, Yadagirigutta Temple, Ramappa Temple, Vemulawada
Raja Rajeswara temple, the Thousand Pillar Temple.
There are religious worship centers of different religions in the
state. These include
Muslim worship destinations such as Makkah Masjid
near Charminar, Khairtabad Mosque, Koh-e-qaim, Mian Mishk Masjid, Toli
Masjid and Spanish Mosque.
Christian worship centers include the Diocese of Dornakal of the
Church of South India, Bahe Church of South India, and Medak
Cathedral. There are also some
Buddhist destinations, such as
Phanigiri and Kolanpaka.
Main article: Telugu cinema
Telugu cinema, also known by its sobriquet as Tollywood, is a part of
Indian cinema producing films in the Telugu language, and is centered
Hyderabad, Telangana neighbourhood of Film Nagar. In the
early 1990s, the Telugu film industry had largely shifted from Chennai
to Hyderabad. The Telugu film industry is the second-largest film
India next to
Industry and followed by
Tamil film industry Kollywood).. In the years 2005, 2006 and 2008
the Telugu film industry produced the largest number of films in
India, exceeding the number of films produced in Bollywood.
The industry holds the Guinness World Record for the largest film
production facility in the world.
Kuntala Waterfall (45 metres (148 ft)) located in Kuntala,
Adilabad district, is the highest waterfall in the state.[citation
Bogatha Waterfall is waterfall located in Koyaveerapuram G, Wazeedu
Mandal, Jayashankar Bhupalpally district, Telangana. It is located 120
kilometres (75 mi) from Bhadrachalam, 140 kilometres (87 mi)
Warangal and 329 kilometres (204 mi) from Hyderabad.
Savatula Gundam Waterfalls are one of the many waterfalls located in
Adilabad district, Telangana, India. They are located 30 km
(19 mi) from Asifabad and 350 km (220 mi) from
Hyderabad, the state capital.
Gowri Gundaala waterfalls at Sabitham village near
Warangal main gate
Main article: Education in Telangana
Telangana has multiple institutes of higher education universities
along with numerous primary and secondary schools. The state is home
to a number of institutes, which impart higher education. The
Department of Higher Education deals with matters relating to
education at various levels in the State of Telangana.
The Government has established Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge
Technologies Basar (RGUKT Basar) in 2008 to cater to the educational
needs of the gifted rural youth of Telangana. The higher education
includes many colleges, universities and research institutes providing
professional education in the fields of arts, humanities, science,
engineering, law, medicine, business, and veterinary sciences, with
undergraduate and post-graduation.
Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium
See also: List of stadiums in Hyderabad
Hyderabad cricket team is represented in the
Ranji Trophy and had
won twice. The
Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium
Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium is the home
Hyderabad cricket team. It hosts international as well as
domestic matches. The Sunrisers Hyderabad, an Indian Premier League
franchise, is based in Hyderabad.
Notable sports persons from the state are Mohammad Azharuddin, V. V.
S. Laxman, Mithali Raj, Pragyan Ojha, Saina Nehwal, P.V. Sindhu, Jwala
Gutta, Parupalli Kashyap, Gagan Narang, Mukesh Kumar and Pullela
Gopichand (Andhra Pradesh), as well as
Sania Mirza who has been
appointed as the "brand ambassador" of Telangana.
Other stadiums include Gachibowli Athletic Stadium, Lal Bahadur
Shastri Stadium and G. M. C. Balayogi Athletic Stadium.
Temples of Telangana
Index of Telangana-related articles
List of state highways in Telangana
Telangana Language Day
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Telangana state portal. Retrieved 14
Telangana Budget Analysis 2018–19" (PDF). PRS Legislative
Research. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
^ a b c d e "
Telangana State Symbols".
Telangana State Portal.
Retrieved 15 May 2017.
^ "Population". Government of Telangana. Retrieved 12 December
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Portal. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
^ Liam D. Anderson (2013). Federal Solutions to Ethnic Problems:
Accommodating Diversity. Routledge. pp. 173–.
^ "Notification" (PDF). The Gazette of India. Government of India. 4
March 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
^ Nag, Kingshuk (2011). "5". Battleground Telangana : Chronicle
Of An Agitation. HarperCollins Publishers. ISBN 9789350295304.
Retrieved 11 December 2016.
^ History of Kannada language: readership lectures, by
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peculiar to the Hindoos inhabiting the north eastern provinces of the
Indian peninsula (page iii)". Alexander Duncan Campbell. Sashachellum,
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India Today • An encyclopedia of life in the
Republic" • Vol. 1. Arnold P. Kaminsky and Roger D.
Long, editors. ABC ‑ CLIO.
^ a b "Earliest reference to
Telangana found not in Telugu, but Gond
language - Times of India".
^ Sri Marana Markandeya Puranamu, ed. [clarification needed] G.
V. Subrahmanyam, 1984,
Andhra Pradesh Sahitya Academy, Hyderabad.
^ The Rough Guide to India. Penguin. 2011. Rise of the south
^ a b c d Ratnakar Sadasyula (4 March 2014). "A brief history of
Telangana and Andhra Pradesh". DNA. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
^ A Social History of the Deccan: 1300–1761, R. M. Eaton,
2005, Cambridge University Press, pp. 15–26, ISBN 0-521-25484-1
^ Telugu Vignana Sarvaswamu, volume 2, History, Telugu University,
^ Richards, J. F. (1975). "The
Hyderabad Karnatik, 1687–1707".
Modern Asian Studies. Cambridge University Press. 9 (2): 241–260.
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^ a b "Asif Jahi Dynasty (1724–1948)". mahabubnagar.tripod.com.
Retrieved 2 June 2014.
^ "Post-Independence Era". Associated Press. Archived from the
original on 20 December 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
Hyderabad incidents". The Hindu. 6 September 2002.
Retrieved 14 July 2014.
^ Elliot, Carolyn M. (November 1974). "Decline of a Patrimonial
Telangana Rebellion in India, 1946–51". Journal of Asian
Studies. 34 (1): 24–47. doi:10.2307/2052408. Archived from the
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^ "Declassify report on the 1948
Hyderabad massacre". Retrieved 25
^ "India •
Communist Parties". Country Studies, USA. Retrieved
3 June 2014.
^ "History of India". Indian Saga. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
^ "SRC sub-committee said no decision on Visalandhra taken". The
Indian Express. Google news archive. 1 February 1956. Retrieved 3 June
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the original on 20 December 2013. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
Andhra Pradesh to be formed with safeguards to Telangana". The
Hindu. 7 March 2006. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
Andhra Pradesh formed". The Hindu. 2 November 2006. Retrieved 3
Telangana movement has sparked political turf war in Andhra".
Rediff. 5 October 2011. Retrieved 2014-10-04.
Telangana AP govt employees threaten agitation". The Economic
Times. 10 February 2012. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
Telangana Protests, Student Suicides Increase in
Budget Sessions". Politics Daily.
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favour of new state". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on
18 February 2014. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
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Retrieved 20 February 2014.
Andhra Pradesh reorganisation act, 2014" (PDF). Ministry of law
and justice, government of India. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
^ Amarnath K Menon (1 June 2014). "
Telangana is born, KCR to take oath
as its first CM". THE INDIA TODAY GROUP. Hyderabad. Archived from the
original on 11 November 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
^ Amid chaos and slogans, Rajya Sabha clears
Telangana bill – NDTV,
20 Feb 2014
Andhra Pradesh Secretariat starts functioning from interim
government complex at Amaravati". Retrieved 23 June 2017.
^ "Chief Minister Chandrababu Naidu inaugurates new Andhra Pradesh
Assembly". Retrieved 23 June 2017.
^ "Characterization and Classification of Soils of Northern
Telangana". Journal of Tropical Agriculture. p. 24. Retrieved 14
^ Wikramanayake, Eric; Eric Dinerstein; Colby J. Loucks; et al.
(2002). Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific: a Conservation
Assessment. Island Press; Washington, DC. pp. 324-326
^ Kailash C. Malhotra, Yogesh Gokhale, Sudipto Chatterjee, and Sanjeev
Srivastava (2001). Cultural and Ecological Dimensions of Sacred Groves
in India. Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, and Indira
Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangrahalaya, Bhopal. "Archived copy" (PDF).
Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 20 July
^ "TSDR-Portal". newdistrictsformation.telangana.gov.in. Retrieved 22
^ Kurmanath, K V (22 August 2016). "
Telangana govt to create 21 new
districts in Oct". Retrieved 22 August 2016.
Telangana has 44.64 lakh Muslims – GHMC 21 lakh,
1.58 lakh". Siasat. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
^ "A NOTE ON THE BACKWARD REGIONS GRANT FUND PROGRAMME" (PDF).
National Institute of Rural Development. Ministry of Panchayati Raj.
p. 13. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012.
Retrieved 14 July 2014.
^ "Region-wise distribution of religious groups 2001" (PDF). Table 7.2
in page 381 of SKC report. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
^ "Minority Population Cenus". ANDHRA PRADESH STATE MINORITIES FINANCE
CORPORATION. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
Urdu is Telangana's second official language". The Indian Express.
2017-11-16. Retrieved 2018-02-27.
Urdu is second official language in
Telangana as state passes
Bill". The News Minute. 2017-11-17. Retrieved 2018-02-27.
^ "Region-wise distribution of religious groups 2001" (PDF). Table 7.3
in page 393 of SKC report. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
Urdu in Andhra Pradesh". Language in India. Retrieved 22 January
^ "Census of
Hyderabad state, Part II" (PDF). Hyderabad
state Census. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
^ "Census of
India – Distributions of 10,000 persons by language".
www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
Telangana Legislature website to be available in Telgu, Urdu". The
Hans India. Retrieved 2018-02-27.
^ "No Language Wars Here,
Hyderabad Metro to Use 4 Languages". News18.
^ Kulakarṇī, A. Rā (1996-01-01). Mediaeval Deccan History:
Commemoration Volume in Honour of Purshottam Mahadeo Joshi. Popular
Prakashan. ISBN 9788171545797.
^ "Literacy of Rural – Urban (Andhra Pradesh)" (PDF).
Government of India. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
^ "Agriculture dept. of Telangana".
^ "Key Sectors of Telangana". Archived from the original on 21
Special Economic Zones" (PDF). sezindia. Archived from the
original (PDF) on 7 October 2009. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
Singareni Collieries Company
Singareni Collieries Company Limited". scclmines. Retrieved 3
^ K. V. Kurmanath. "
Telangana will show its might in cotton, maize".
Hindu Business Line.
^ "WELCOME TO GUNTUR DISTRICT OFFICIAL WEBSITE". guntur.nic.in.
Telangana government plans big IT push to rebuild brand Hyderabad".
6 June 2014.
^ Roy, Ananya; Aihwa, Ong (2011). Worlding cities: Asian experiments
and the art of being global. John Wiley & Sons. p. 253.
^ "An Amazon shot for city". The Times of India. 13 October 2011.
Retrieved 13 October 2011.
Special governance for
Hyderabad needed for growth". The Times of
India. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
^ "Indian Heart Association".
Indian Heart Association
Indian Heart Association Webpage.
Retrieved 27 April 2015.
^ "Huge challenges ahead for new
Telangana tourism corporation".
timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2014-05-09. Retrieved 2014-06-04.
Telangana Awarded as Most Promising State of the Year". Country,
India. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
^ "TS Bags Promising State of Year Award". New Indian Express.
Retrieved 31 October 2015.
^ "It will be TGSRTC from June 2". The Hindu. 16 May 2014. Retrieved 2
^ "citi-Charter". www.apsrtc.gov.in. Archived from the original on 17
September 2010. Retrieved 19 August 2010.
^ "Andhra Pradesh • Natural Advantages". Government of Andhra
Pradesh. Archived from the original on 3 April 2009. Retrieved 3 March
Miyapur bus terminal". The Times of India. 20 April 2014.
^ "National Highways in
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^ "History". South Central railway. Archived from the original on 8
January 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
^ "History". South Central Railway. Archived from the original on 8
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2013. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
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^ "Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies". Rgukt.in.
Archived from the original on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 8 October
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Planning Department, Govt of Telangana. Retrieved 24 September
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Geographic data related to
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Places adjacent to Telangana
Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh
State of Telangana
List of cities in Telangana by area
List of cities in Telangana by population
List of districts in Telangana
List of urban local bodies in Telangana
State agencies of Telangana
Public Sector Undertakings
Road Transport Corporation (TSRTC)
Industrial Development Corporation (TSIIC)
Tourism Development Corporation (TSTDC)
Electricity Regulatory Commission (TSERC)
Power Generation Corporation (TSGENCO)
Power Transmission Corporation (TSTRANSCO)
Southern Power Distribution Company Limited (TSSPDCL)
Northern Power Distribution Company Limited (TSNPDCL)
Vaidya Vidhana Parishad
Housing Board (THB)
Pollution Control Board (TPCB)
Intermediate Education (BIE)
Secondary Education (BSE)
Hyderabad Metropolitan Water Supply and Sewerage Board (HMWS&SB)
Public Service Commission(TSPSC)
Election Commission (TSEC)
Hyderabad Municipal Corporation(GHMC)
Warangal Municipal Corporation (GWMC)
Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Authority (HMDA)
Hyderabad Airport Development Authority
Hyderabad Urban Development Authority (HUDA)
Kakatiya Urban Development Authority (KUDA)
Nizamabad Municipal Corporation
Karimnagar Municipal Corporation
Khammam Municipal Corporation
Ramagundam Municipal Corporation
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