Teamwork is the collaborative effort of a group to achieve a common goal or to complete a task in the most effective and efficient way. This concept is seen within the greater framework of a team, which is a group of interdependent individuals who work together towards a common goal. Basic requirements for effective teamwork are an adequate team size. The context is important, and team sizes can vary depending upon the objective. A team must include at least 2 or more members, and most teams range in size from 2 to 100. Sports teams generally have fixed sizes based upon set rules, and work teams may change in size depending upon the phase and complexity of the objective. Teams need to be able to leverage resources to be productive (i.e. playing fields or meeting spaces, scheduled times for planning, guidance from coaches or supervisors, support from the organization, etc.), and clearly defined roles within the team in order for everyone to have a clear purpose. Teamwork is present in any context where a group of people are working together to achieve a common goal. These contexts include an industrial organization (formal work teams), athletics (sports teams), a school (classmates working on a project), and the healthcare system (operating room teams). In each of these settings, the level of teamwork and interdependence can vary from low (e.g golf, track and field), to intermediate (e.g. baseball, football), to high (e.g. basketball, soccer), depending on the amount of communication, interaction, and collaboration present between team members.
Specific teamwork processes have been ide
Specific teamwork processes have been identified fall into three categories:
These processes occur between periods of action. In this period, the team members can evaluate their overall performance as a team as well
These processes occur between periods of action. In this period, the team members can evaluate their overall performance as a team as well as on an individual level, give feedback to each other, make clarifications about the upcoming tasks, and make any changes that would improve the process of collaborating.
Utilizing teamwork is sometimes unnecessary and can lead to teams not reaching their performance peak. Some of those disadvantages include:
There are different forms of teams. First you can be apart of an in person team, this is a team where the members meet face to face and generally managed by one or two managers. You can also be part of a virtual team, wich is a self managed work team with varying levels of experience who form and break apart to complete an organizational goal (Jarvenpaa and Shaw, 2004.) Vurta; teams are asynchronized where as in person teams are synchronized; this means virtual teams do there tasks a different times and it is unlikely that the have set interactions with one another, on the other hand in person teams meet all the time and collaborate more. Virtual teams are also more likely to have an international component to them, this helps companies to work at a global scale and brings more opportunities for all. During the 2020 Pandemic we have seen a surge in virtual teams. These teams are also finding creative ways to implement some of the so all aspects you get from an in person team. Trust is a key component in the success of any team. Virtual teams have seen a higher ability to incorporate trust in to there teams over in person teams (Jarvenpaa and Shaw, 2004) There is not one superior type of team; the kind of team you create all depends on the situation and individuals on the team