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Taunton
Taunton
is a city in Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States. It is the seat of Bristol County. Taunton
Taunton
is situated on the Taunton River which winds its way through the city on its way to Mount Hope Bay, 10 miles (16 km) to the south. At the 2010 census, the city had a population of 55,874.[2] Thomas Hoye Jr. is the current mayor of Taunton, and has held the position since 2012. Founded in 1637 by members of the Plymouth Colony, Taunton
Taunton
is one of the oldest towns in the United States. The Native Americans called the region Cohannet, Tetiquet and Titicut[3] before the arrival of the Europeans. Taunton
Taunton
is also known as the " Silver
Silver
City", as it was a historic center of the silver industry beginning in the 19th century when companies such as Reed & Barton, F. B. Rogers, Poole Silver, and others produced fine-quality silver goods in the city. Since December 1914, the city of Taunton
Taunton
has provided a large annual light display each December on Taunton
Taunton
Green, giving it the additional nickname of "Christmas City". The original boundaries of Taunton
Taunton
included the land now occupied by many surrounding towns, including Norton, Easton, Mansfield, Dighton, Raynham, Berkley, and Lakeville. Possession of the latter is still noted by the naming of Taunton Hill
Taunton Hill
in Assonet.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Beginnings 1.2 Industrial legacy 1.3 Recent history

2 Geography 3 Demographics 4 Government

4.1 Politics 4.2 Fire Department

5 Economy 6 Education

6.1 Primary and secondary 6.2 High schools 6.3 Former schools 6.4 Higher education

7 Culture

7.1 Public spaces 7.2 Religion 7.3 Architecture 7.4 Arts and media

8 Healthcare and utilities 9 Transportation 10 Sports 11 Notable people 12 See also 13 Sister cities 14 Notes 15 References 16 External links

History[edit] Beginnings[edit] Taunton
Taunton
was founded by settlers from England and officially incorporated as a town on September 3, 1639. Most of the town's settlers were originally from Taunton
Taunton
in Somerset, England, which led early settlers to name the settlement after that town. At the time of Taunton's incorporation, they explained their choice of name as being, "in honour and love to our dear native country... and owning it a great mercy of God to bring us to this place, and settling of us, on lands of our own bought with our money in peace, in the midst of the heathen, for a possession for ourselves and for our posterity after us."[citation needed] Prior to 1640, the Taunton
Taunton
area was called Cohannet, Tetiquet or Titiquet. The English founders of Taunton
Taunton
purchased the land from the Nemasket Indians in 1637 as part of the Tetiquet Purchase[4] and the remaining native families were relocated to the praying town of Ponkapoag
Ponkapoag
in current day Canton, MA.[5] A central figure among the founders was Elizabeth Poole
Elizabeth Poole
who is believed to have been the first woman to found a settlement in the Americas and, contrary to local folklore,[a] did not take part in the town purchase but was among its greatest beneficiaries and played a significant role in the founding of its church.[6][7] Described as "the foundress of Taunton" and its matriarch, Poole "was accorded equality of rights, whether in the purchase of lands, [or] in the sharing of iron works holdings,"[8] having been a financier of the settlement's first dam and mill built for the manufacture of bar iron.[6][b] Plymouth Colony
Plymouth Colony
was formally divided into counties on June 2, 1685, with Taunton
Taunton
becoming the shire town of Bristol County. The counties of Plymouth Colony
Plymouth Colony
were transferred to the Province of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay on the arrival of its charter and governor on May 14, 1692. The Taunton
Taunton
area has been the site of skirmishes and battles during various conflicts, including King Philip's War
King Philip's War
and the American Revolution. Taunton
Taunton
was re-incorporated as a city on May 11, 1864. Industrial legacy[edit] In 1656, the first successful iron works in Plymouth Colony
Plymouth Colony
was established on the Two Mile River, in what is now part of Raynham. The Taunton
Taunton
Iron Works operated for over 200 years until 1876. It was the first of many iron industries in Taunton. During the 19th century, Taunton
Taunton
became known as the " Silver
Silver
City", as it was home to many silversmithing operations, including Reed & Barton, F.B. Rogers, and Poole Silver. In the 19th century, Taunton
Taunton
was also the center of an important iron-making industry, utilizing much bog iron from the numerous swamps in the surrounding area. The iron industry in Taunton
Taunton
produced a variety of goods including stoves (Weir Stove Company/Glenwood), tacks (Field Tack Company) and machinery. One of the more successful companies during this period was the Mason Machine Works, founded by William Mason, which produced machinery for the textile industry, as well as steam locomotives. The Taunton
Taunton
Locomotive Works (begun in 1846) also operated in the city during this time. Taunton
Taunton
was also home to several textile mills (Whittenton Mills) and other industries, such as felt (Bacon Felt) and brick making. During the 19th century, Taunton
Taunton
was a major shipping point for grain from the inland rural farm areas of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
to the rest of the nation via Weir Village and the Taunton
Taunton
River. With the advent of the railroad, Taunton
Taunton
would also become an important transportation hub due to its central location. The city formed the Taunton
Taunton
Municipal Light Plant (TMLP) in 1897, when it decided to purchase the floundering Taunton
Taunton
Electric Lighting Company, making it a publicly owned electric utility. Today, TMLP provides electric service to 34,000 customers in Taunton, Berkley, Raynham, and sections of Dighton, Lakeville and Bridgewater. TMLP is governed by a three-member Board of Commissioners, which is elected by the citizens of Taunton. Recent history[edit] The Myles Standish Industrial Park in Taunton's north end is currently one of the largest in New England.[citation needed] The National Weather Service operates a regional weather forecast office that serves much of Massachusetts, all of Rhode Island, and most of northern Connecticut
Connecticut
there. The National Weather Service
National Weather Service
also operates the Northeast River Forecast Center on the site, serving New England and most of New York state. Several major companies operate within the industrial park and in other parts of the city. In October 2005, the Whittenton Pond Dam north of the downtown area threatened to fail following a week that brought 9 inches (230 mm) of rain to the city. Over 2,000 city residents were evacuated,all downtown businesses were ordered closed[9] and Mayor Robert Nunes issued a state of emergency. It is estimated that if the dam had failed, the Mill River would have inundated the downtown area with up to 6 feet (1.8 m) of water. In response, Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney
Mitt Romney
ordered an immediate inspection of high-risk dams throughout the Commonwealth.[10][11]

City
City
Hall

In 2010, the historic Taunton
Taunton
City
City
Hall was severely damaged in an arson fire. Since that time, city government has been operating out of the former Lowell M. Maxham School on Oak Street.[12] In 2012 Taunton
Taunton
became the target location for a Wampanoag casino complex which was embroiled in conflict by competing regional bands of the Wampanoag over territory claims.[13] The proposed casino resort complex location is adjacent to a local elementary school and the regional technical high school, generating protests by parent and teacher groups.[14] On June 10, 2012, the City
City
of Taunton
Taunton
dedicated the Taunton
Taunton
Global War on Terrorism War Memorial
War Memorial
on Church Green.[15] Geography[edit]

Municipalities (in grey) that were once part of Taunton

According to the United States Census
United States Census
Bureau, the city has a total area of 48.4 square miles (125.4 km2), of which 46.4 square miles (120.1 km2) is land and 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2), or 3.53%, is water.[2] It is the third-largest city by area in Massachusetts,[16] after Boston
Boston
and Barnstable. Taunton
Taunton
has one major river, the Taunton
Taunton
River, along with its tributaries including the Mill River and the Three Mile River. The highest point in the city is near its southwest corner, with an elevation of 207 feet (63 m) above sea level. Prospect Hill, rising over Lake Sabbatia
Lake Sabbatia
north of the downtown, has an elevation of 197 feet (60 m).[17] There are nine designated historic districts within the city:

See also: National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
listings in Taunton, Massachusetts

Bay Road Historic District, also known as Post Road. The road runs from Taunton
Taunton
to Boston. (1300 acres (5.3 km2), 1 structure, 2 objects) Bristol County Courthouse Complex (13 acres, 3 buildings) Church Green Historic District, also known as Meetinghouse Common (160 acres, 18 buildings, 1 object) Hopewell Mills District
Hopewell Mills District
(120 acres, 13 buildings) Old Bay Road Historic District, also known as The Post Road; The King's Highway (150 acres, 1 structure, 3 objects) Reed and Barton Complex Taunton Green
Taunton Green
Historic District (50 acres, 22 buildings, 3 objects) Taunton
Taunton
State Hospital Historic District, also known as the Taunton Lunatic Asylum (1250 acres (5.1 km2), 38 buildings, 8 structures)

Due to the annexation of towns from the original town of Taunton, the city now is irregularly shaped, with it (along with neighboring Raynham) roughly making a triangle. The city is bordered by Norton to the northwest, Easton to the north, Raynham to the northeast, Lakeville to the east, Berkley and Dighton to the south, and Rehoboth to the west. City
City
neighborhoods include the Bird Lanes, Clearview Estates, East Taunton, Elliot's Corner, Herring Run Estates, Linden Estates, Matthews Landing, North Taunton, Oakland, Pine Crest Estates, Pine Hill Estates, Wades Corner, Weir Village, Westville, Whittenton, Whittenton Junction, Britannia Village or Britanniaville, Willis Lake Village and Woodward Estates. Taunton
Taunton
is also home to almost the entirety of Massasoit State Park
Massasoit State Park
in East Taunton, and a large portion of the Hockomock Swamp Wildlife Management Area in North Taunton. Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1790 3,804 —    

1800 3,860 +1.5%

1810 3,907 +1.2%

1820 4,520 +15.7%

1830 6,042 +33.7%

1840 7,645 +26.5%

1850 10,441 +36.6%

1860 15,376 +47.3%

1870 18,629 +21.2%

1880 21,213 +13.9%

1890 25,448 +20.0%

1900 31,036 +22.0%

1910 34,259 +10.4%

1920 37,137 +8.4%

1930 37,355 +0.6%

1940 37,395 +0.1%

1950 40,109 +7.3%

1960 41,132 +2.6%

1970 43,756 +6.4%

1980 45,001 +2.8%

1990 49,832 +10.7%

2000 55,976 +12.3%

2010 55,874 −0.2%

2016 56,843 +1.7%

* = population estimate. Source: United States Census
United States Census
records and Population Estimates Program data.[18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28] Source: U.S. Decennial Census[29]

As of the census[30] of 2000, there were 55,874 people, 22,045 households, and 14,473 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,200.1 people per square mile (463.7/km2). There were 22,908 housing units at an average density of 491.5 per square mile (189.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city is 83.67% (79.7% Non-Hispanic) White, 4.84% African American, 0.26% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 5.59% from other races, and 2.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.73% of the population. The city of Taunton
Taunton
is very multi-cultural with peoples of different origins living within the city. 34% of the city is Luso-American. The biggest ethnic backgrounds people claim are 23% Portuguese,17% Irish, 9% English, 9% French, 8% Cape Verdean and 4% Puerto Rican. Most of Taunton's immigration occurred near the turn of the 1900s when immigrants would work in the city's mills. There are 22,045 households out of which 32.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 15.4% have a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.09. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males. Males had a median income of $36,895 versus $27,686 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,899. About 10.0% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.9% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over. Government[edit]

Bristol County Superior Courthouse

The city has a Mayor-Council form of government. Taunton
Taunton
also has a School Committee and many boards and commissions. As the seat of Bristol County, Taunton
Taunton
is home to the county's few administrative offices and several of its courthouses, which includes one that is currently under construction, including the Bristol County Superior Courthouse. The Massachusetts
Massachusetts
State Police's Troop D (Southeast District), 4th Barracks, patrols Taunton
Taunton
and is located in Middleborough. Taunton
Taunton
is a part of three separate state representative districts: Third Bristol (entirely located in Taunton), Fifth Bristol (which includes Dighton, Somerset
Somerset
and part of Swansea), and 12th Bristol (including all or parts of Freetown, Lakeville, Middleborough and New Bedford). It is a part of the First Plymouth and Bristol state senate district, which also includes the towns of Berkley, Bridgewater, Carver, Dighton, Marion, Middleborough, Raynham and Wareham. On the national level, the town is part of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Congressional District 4, which is represented by Joseph P. Kennedy III. The state's senior (Class II) Senator is Elizabeth Warren. The state's junior (Class I) Senator is Edward Markey. Politics[edit] Many famous political or politically controversial events occurred in Taunton's long history. Robert Treat Paine, a long-time Taunton resident, was a signer of the Declaration of Independence and the first Attorney-General of Massachusetts. Part of King Philip's War
King Philip's War
was fought within Taunton's limits. Former U.S. presidents, such as James K. Polk, William H. Taft, Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S. Truman, and Dwight D. Eisenhower, gave campaign speeches in Taunton. Former president Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
rallied at Taunton
Taunton
High School. The city's former Camp Myles Standish was a prisoner-of-war camp during World War II, a welcoming area for about a million U.S. and Allied soldiers, and a candidate site for the U.N. headquarters, soon after the military camp closed. Although the city hasn't been as much of a hotbed of politics as it once was, it still continues to be a politically active region of Massachusetts. See also list of mayors of Taunton.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 15, 2008[31]

Party Number of Voters Percentage

Democratic 11,856 35.59%

Republican 2,746 8.24%

Unaffiliated 18,471 55.44%

Minor Parties 243 0.73%

Total 33,316 100%

Fire Department[edit] The city of Taunton
Taunton
has 133 professional firefighters on the Taunton Fire Department (TFD). The TFD currently operates out of five fire stations, located throughout the city, and operates a fire apparatus fleet of six engines, three ladders, one rescue unit, two brush units, one dive rescue unit, two fireboats, and several other special, support, and reserve units. The current Chief of Department is Timothy J. Bradshaw.[32] Below is a complete listing of all fire station locations and apparatus in the city of Taunton. Fire Headquarters, Fire Station #3, and Fire Station #9 are all listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Fire Station Engine Company Ladder Company Special
Special
Unit Command Unit Address Neighborhood

Fire Headquarters—Fire Station # 1 Engine 1 Snorkel Rescue 1, Forestry 2, Fireboat 2 Car 1 (Chief of Department), Car 2 (Deputy Chief) 50 School St. City
City
Center

Fire Station # 3 Engine 3 Ladder 3

1st St. & Weir St. Weir

Fire Station # 4 Engine 4

Fireboat 1

Bay St. & E. Britannia St. Whittenton

Fire Station # 5 Engine 5 Ladder 2 Dive Rescue Unit

49 N. Walker St. Oakland

Fire Station # 9 Engine 9

Forestry 1

Middleborough Ave. & Cullen St. East Taunton

Economy[edit] Taunton's economy has historically been based on silversmithing and shipbuilding. Reed & Barton produced the 1996 Summer Olympics medals and silverware used exclusively for the White House. Also, the city produced the anchor for the USS Constitution. The nearby town of Raynham produced the anchor for the Civil War-era ironclad USS Monitor. Today, the city's economy has many emphases on semiconductor, silicon, and electronics manufacturing. It is home to the corporate headquarters of many leading corporations in various industries. Currently, the city is trying to attract biotechnology research companies to its industrial parks. Silver
Silver
City
City
Galleria is a large shopping mall in Taunton
Taunton
catering to the local city and to the neighboring towns and cities of Raynham, Berkley, Rehoboth, Dighton, New Bedford and Norton. Education[edit] Education in Taunton
Taunton
ranges from preschool through post-secondary education. Primary and secondary[edit] Taunton
Taunton
has nine public elementary schools and three public middle schools.[33]

Elementary schools

Edmund Hatch Bennett Elementary School East Taunton
Taunton
Elementary School Harold H. Galligan Elementary School Hopewell Elementary School Edward F. Leddy Elementary School Joseph C. Chamberlain Elementary School Elizabeth Pole Elementary School Summer Street Elementary School Mulcahey Elementary School (formerly Mulcahey Middle School)

Middle schools

Benjamin A. Friedman Middle School Joseph H. Martin Middle School John F. Parker Middle School

The city also has two Catholic elementary schools and one Catholic middle school:[34]

Our Lady of Lourdes School St. Mary's Primary School Coyle and Cassidy Middle School

High schools[edit] Taunton
Taunton
has three public high schools: Taunton
Taunton
High School, Taunton Alternative High School, and Bristol-Plymouth Regional Technical School. Taunton
Taunton
also has one Catholic high school, Coyle and Cassidy High School Former schools[edit] Recently closed former schools in Taunton
Taunton
include:

Lowell M. Maxham Elementary School (closed in June 2010)[35] Walker Elementary School (closed in June 2010) Pole Elementary School (closed 2007) Leonard Elementary School (closed 2009) Barnum School (closed 2013) Cohannet Middle School (closed in June 2000)

Higher education[edit] Taunton
Taunton
is home to a satellite campus of Bay State College
Bay State College
at 101 Industrial Park Road serving Associate and bachelor's degrees to working professionals and career changers in the fields of business and management, criminal justice and medical assisting. It is also home to a satellite campus of Bristol Community College, which meets at the Silvercity Galleria and (formerly) Taunton
Taunton
Catholic Middle School. In addition, the city houses career schools such as the RobRoy Academy beauty school. Culture[edit] Public spaces[edit]

Daffodils and flowering trees brighten Taunton Green
Taunton Green
(Massachusetts) on a spring day

The Taunton Green
Taunton Green
is the city's central square. Early in its history, "The Green" was used as a training ground for militias in the American Revolution. Some say it was also the site of the historic "Liberty & Union"/"Taunton" flag raising in 1774 by the Sons of Liberty, prior to the American Revolution.[36] Since the early 20th century, Taunton Green
Taunton Green
has temporarily been transformed during the winter holiday season into a grand display of holiday lights, scenes, and extravagant events. This is where and how the city earned its unofficial nickname in the surrounding areas as the "Christmas City."

St. Mary's Church

Taunton
Taunton
Public Library

Bristol County Superior Courthouse, Taunton

Pilgrim Congregational Church

"The Green" continues to provide a centralized location for citywide Christmas activities, other holidays, events, and parades for the citizens of Taunton. A fountain is located at the center of the Taunton
Taunton
Green. Always to be seen flapping together in emblematic unison, the "Liberty & Union" flag and the U.S. flag fly side-by-side on the flagpole at the city's center. The city is served by a central public library, the Taunton
Taunton
Public Library, which opened in 1903 and has undergone several expansions and renovations since that time. Also of note is the Old Colony Historical Society, which archives the city and region's past. The city is home to two state parks operated by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
/ Department of Conservation and Recreation, Massasoit State Park in East Taunton
Taunton
and Watson Pond State Park
Watson Pond State Park
in the north part of the city. Religion[edit] Numerous religious groups exist within the city, including Jewish, Roman Catholic, and Protestant congregations. The First Parish Church, now a Unitarian Universalist
Unitarian Universalist
church, located at Church Green at the east end of downtown, was founded in 1637, before the Town of Taunton was even established. The current church dates from 1830. The Pilgrim Congregational Church on Broadway was formed in 1821, its current church built in 1851. The city's oldest Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
parish, St. Mary's Church, is located further north at the intersection of Broadway and Washington Street, known as Saint Mary's Square. Architecture[edit] The city of Taunton
Taunton
has a wide array of architecture ranging from the colonial period to modern times. There are numerous pre-Revolutionary War private homes within the city, the oldest of which is the Joseph Willis House on Worcester Street, dating to about 1688. The city has over one hundred buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Perhaps the most impressive structure in the city is the towering Bristol County Superior Courthouse, built in 1894 and designed by Frank Irving Cooper. With its tall copper dome, the Superior Courthouse is visible from many surrounding areas. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
in 1978. Currently, the Courthouse Complex is undergoing a major expansion and renovation program. Other significant buildings in the city include some fine stone churches, including the First Parish Church (1830), the Pilgrim Congregational Church (1851) and St. Mary's Church (1868) on Broadway. Downtown Taunton
Taunton
has a number of historic commercial blocks along Main Street, Taunton Green
Taunton Green
and Broadway, built during the period from about 1840 to 1920. Many large homes built by the wealthy industrialists and merchants of the late 19th and early 20th century line Route 44 both east (Dean Street) and west (Winthrop Street) of the city center, while a majority of the city is occupied by more modest wood-framed single and multi-family homes, many over 100 years old. Modern single-family subdivisions, mostly built since the 1950s, exist in the outskirts of the sprawling city. The Central Fire Station at 50 School Street is recognized as the oldest functioning station house in the United States. The historic Taunton
Taunton
City
City
Hall is located adjacent to Church Green. Arts and media[edit]

Museum

One of New England’s oldest historical societies, the Old Colony Historical Society is located on picturesque Church Green. Founded in 1853, the Society maintains a museum of regional objects, houses a research library specializing in local history and genealogy, and hosts arts and cultural events throughout the year.

Film

In March 2008, Hollywood director Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
filmed a portion of the film Shutter Island starring Leonardo DiCaprio
Leonardo DiCaprio
in Taunton
Taunton
on location at the Whittenton Mills Complex.[37] Surrogates, starring Bruce Willis, was partly filmed in the city, at the old Paul Dever school.[38]

Television and radio

Taunton
Taunton
has local Public, educational, and government access (PEG) cable TV channels which include the Public-access television Taunton Community Access and Media, Inc. ( Comcast
Comcast
Channel 15; Verizon
Verizon
22), Educational television Taunton
Taunton
Educational Network ( Comcast
Comcast
Channel 9; Verizon
Verizon
23) which is run by the Taunton
Taunton
High School TV Studio and Government-access television
Government-access television
Taunton
Taunton
Municipal Network (Comcast Channel 17; Verizon
Verizon
24). Comcast's Taunton
Taunton
system carries all Providence and Boston
Boston
stations as well and both markets are available over-the-air. The two radio stations based in Taunton
Taunton
are WVBF 1530 AM (licensed to nearby Middleborough Center), which features local programming until noon followed by syndicated feed from the Reading for the Blind Network, and WSNE-FM 93.3, which primarily serves the Providence radio market and has its studios in the city of Providence. From 1949 until 2007, Taunton
Taunton
was also served by local radio station WPEP-AM 1570. However the station was silenced with the upgrade of Keating Wilcox's station also on 1570, in Beverly, Massachusetts. The city is now served by WVBF 1530AM[39] Middleboro/ Taunton
Taunton
owned by Steven J. Callahan and managed by former WPEP host, Anthony Lopes.

Visual arts

Taunton
Taunton
has four art galleries: Taunton
Taunton
Art Association (John Baradas Gallery), Hughes/Donahue Gallery, Art Euphoric, and the Trescott Street Gallery. The Taunton
Taunton
Art Association founded in 1973, but had it roots at the Girl's Club in the early 1960s. Hughes/Donahue Gallery founded in 2007, a local community gallery serving local Taunton artists, surrounding areas of Southeastern Massachusetts
Massachusetts
and including the cities of Providence, and Washington DC. Art Euphoric founded in 2008 has both visual and craft exhibits and sales. The Trescott Street Gallery founded in 2012, primarily a visual arts gallery, but also exhibits crafts.

Newspapers

Taunton
Taunton
is served by several publications including the Silver
Silver
City Bulletin, Brockton Enterprise, and the Taunton
Taunton
Daily Gazette. Regional papers of importance such as the Boston
Boston
Globe, Boston
Boston
Herald, and Providence Journal, are also widely available.

Internet

Some of the major Internet providers in Taunton
Taunton
are Comcast, EarthLink, SBC Yahoo! Dial, and Verizon. The Taunton
Taunton
Municipal Lighting Plant (TMLP), Taunton's electric company, is also an Internet service provider for the city and its surrounding towns. Healthcare and utilities[edit]

Morton Hospital

Taunton
Taunton
is home to the Morton Hospital and Medical Center, located on Washington Street, just north of the city center. Taunton
Taunton
State Hospital is a psychiatric hospital located on Hodges Avenue. One of its historic old buildings had to be brought down after it was severely damaged by fire in 2006. This hospital is now one of the very few mental health hospitals in Massachusetts
Massachusetts
for longer term in-patient care of psychiatric patients.[citation needed] Electricity is provided to residents by the Taunton
Taunton
Municipal Lighting Plant (TMLP), located in the south end. The city has a municipal water system, with a treatment plant and water supply in nearby Lakeville, as well as a public sewer system with a treatment plant on West Water Street in the south end of the city, discharging into the Taunton River. Transportation[edit] See also: Old Colony Railroad The Taunton
Taunton
Railway began in 1838 as the main rail transportation system, both industrial and passenger, connecting Taunton
Taunton
with points south, east, north, and west, including New Bedford and Cape Cod, Fall River and Newport, Somerset
Somerset
and Providence, Attleboro and Providence, Mansfield and Boston, Stoughton and Boston, Raynham Middleborough and Wareham as time went on. Taunton
Taunton
is the central highway hub of southeastern Massachusetts. Much of the eastern parts of the state's major highways intersect and/or run through the city, especially at its center. US 44, MA 138, and MA 140 intersect at Taunton
Taunton
Green, the square at Taunton's center. MA 140 is also accessible from the eastern neighborhood of the city, popularly referred to as "East Taunton." Additionally, MA 24 and MA 140 intersect near East Taunton, and it is at that junction that Route 140 ceases to be a 2-lane divided freeway from the south and becomes a smaller state highway to the north. Interstate 495 runs through the northern portion of Taunton, unofficially referred to as "North Taunton", and parallel to Myles Standish Industrial Park, Taunton's main industrial park. Various smaller routes run through other parts of the city. These include a small portion of MA 104, close to the Taunton-Raynham city limits, and MA 79, close to the Taunton-Berkley-Lakeville (Plymouth County) city-town-county limits. Taunton
Taunton
is the western terminus of MA 104. It merges into US 44 after entering the city. Several CSX
CSX
freight rails pass through the city on their way towards Fall River, New Bedford and a link-up with the line in Middleborough. There are plans being worked on to link parts of this rail with the Stoughton line of the MBTA commuter rail system to Boston. The Greater Attleboro Taunton
Taunton
Regional Transit Authority, or GATRA, provides bus mass transit. Taunton
Taunton
has its own municipal airport, serving mostly smaller craft and occasional commuter jets. The nearest airport with national airline service is T.F. Green Airport
T.F. Green Airport
in Rhode Island, and the nearest international service is at Logan International Airport
Logan International Airport
in Boston. Sports[edit] The Boys & Girls Club of Taunton
Taunton
is home to one of the most successful inner city floor hockey programs in the country, founded by long-time principal Dick Faulkner. Notable people[edit] Main article: List of people from Taunton, Massachusetts See also[edit]

List of mill towns in Massachusetts

Sister cities[edit] Taunton
Taunton
shares a sister city status with:

Taunton, Somerset, England, United Kingdom Angra do Heroismo, Terceira, Azores, Portugal Lagoa (Azores), Sao Miguel, Azores, Portugal

Notes[edit]

^ "The monument to Elizabeth Poole, now standing in Mt. Pleasant Cemetery, erected by the ladies of Taunton
Taunton
in 1836, describes her in glowing eulogy as the "Foundress of the Town of Taunton;" but her name nowhere appears as one of the original purchasers, although that of another lady, 'Widdo Randall,' does; and so far as we can ascertain, the popular tradition of her purchase of the place with a jack-knife and a peck of beans [sic] must be ranked with the legend of Romulus and Remus as the founders of Rome, with that of William Tell as the deliverer of Switzerland, or that of Pocahontas as the savior of Captain Smith. But notwithstanding the doubt that Miss Poole can justly be deemed the 'foundress of the town, we do know...[she] became the owner of much land in this vicinity, and an active promoter of its interests."[6] ^ "Several of the leading citizens of the place, including George Hall, Richard Williams, Walter Deane, James Walker, Oliver Purchis, Elizabeth Poole
Elizabeth Poole
and others formed a joint stock company with a capital of £600, and built a dam accorss the Two Mile river, on the main road leading to Raynham, and made all the preparations for the manufacture of bar iron from bog ore."[6]

References[edit]

^ Cite error: The named reference USCensusEst2016 was invoked but never defined (see the help page). ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Taunton
Taunton
city, Massachusetts". U.S. Census
Census
Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 5, 2013.  ^ The Composition of Indian Geographic Names, by J. Hammond Trumbull, Case Lockwood & Brainard Press, 1870. ^ An Historical Memoir of the Colony of New Plymouth, by Francis Baylies, Wiggins & Lunt Press, 1866. ^ Indian history, biography & genealogy, by Ebineezer Weaver Pierce, published by Zerviah Gould Mitchell, 1878. ^ a b c d Quarter Millennial Celebration of the City
City
of Taunton, Massachusetts. Taunton, MA: Press of Charles H. Buffington, City Government [of Taunton]. 1889. pp. 33–34, 42.  ^ "Elizabeth Poole, the Puritan Who Founded a Town". New England Historical Society. Archived from the original on 6 February 2017. Retrieved 6 February 2017. She would become the first woman to found a town in the Americas.  ^ Hutt, Frank Wolcott, ed. (1924). "Chapter III. The First Comers to Taunton". A History of Bristol County, Massachusetts. I. New York and Chicago: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, Inc. p. 74. Though Elizabeth Poole
Elizabeth Poole
did not buy 'Taunton,' as the popular account sometimes has it, but only a small portion of the eastern borders of the then unoccupied territory, it is the brief narrative of her coming here that shall always remain like a star in the crown of the beginnings of the city. We have been told of her arrival from England to Tetiquet by way of Dorchester, and how she actively interested herself in every fundamental project of the busy settlement...She was interested in establishng a church here, according to her teaching and light, and with William Hooke and Nicholas Street, Oxford University graduates, she did begin that church. It is plain, too, that here she was accorded equality of rights, whether in the purchase of lands, in the sharing of iron works holdings, or in the establishment of religious interests.  ^ "Town Braces for Massive Flood". CBS News. October 18, 2005. Retrieved 2007-06-09.  ^ "Mass. Dam Continues to Hold". CBS News. October 18, 2005. Retrieved 2007-06-09.  ^ "Officials still fear dam collapse". CNN. October 18, 2005. Archived from the original on February 5, 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-09.  ^ Winokoor, Charles (19 August 2015). " Taunton
Taunton
City
City
Council votes to OK using $53,000 for new City
City
Hall design plan". Taunton
Taunton
Gazette. Retrieved 21 March 2016.  ^ Casino big in Taunton
Taunton
spurs tribal turf fight, Boston
Boston
Globe, April 16, 2012. ^ Gambling with East Taunton
Taunton
education, parents express concerns over potential casino near schools, Taunton
Taunton
Gazette, April 13, 2012. ^ [1] ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts". U.S. Census
Census
Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 5, 2013.  ^ U.S. Geological Survey Taunton, MA 7.5 by 15-minute quadrangle, 1987. ^ "Total Population (P1), 2010 Census
Census
Summary File
File
1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census
Census
Bureau. 2010.  ^ " Massachusetts
Massachusetts
by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census
United States Census
Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.  ^ "1990 Census
Census
of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census
Census
Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.  ^ "1980 Census
Census
of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census
Census
Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.  ^ "1950 Census
Census
of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.  ^ "1920 Census
Census
of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.  ^ "1890 Census
Census
of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census
Census
Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.  ^ "1870 Census
Census
of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census
Census
Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.  ^ "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census
Census
Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.  ^ "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census
Census
Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.  ^ "1950 Census
Census
of Population" (PDF). 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-7 through 21-09, Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Table 4. Population of Urban Places of 10,000 or more from Earliest Census
Census
to 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.  ^ " Census
Census
of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.  ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census
United States Census
Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 15, 2008" (PDF). Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Elections Division. Retrieved 2010-05-08.  ^ http://www.taunton-ma.gov/Pages/TauntonMA_Fire/index ^ " Taunton
Taunton
High District Report Card". Taunton
Taunton
Public Schools. 2006. Archived from the original on August 23, 2006. Retrieved 2007-06-09.  ^ "Catholic Education Center". Diocese of Fall River. 2006. Archived from the original on February 6, 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-09.  ^ Taunton
Taunton
Gazette, March 18, 2010 ^ "Taunton, Massachusetts". Encyclopædia Britannica 11th Edition at LoveToKnow Classic Encyclopedia. 2006 [1911]. Retrieved 2007-06-09.  ^ Filming locations for Shutter Island (2009). Retrieved 2010-02-24. ^ Filming locations for Surrogates
Surrogates
(2009). Retrieved 2016-04-12. ^ WVBF

History of Taunton, Massachusetts
Massachusetts
from Its Settlement to the Present Time by Samuel Hopkins Emery, published 1893.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Taunton, Massachusetts.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Taunton, Massachusetts.

City
City
of Taunton
Taunton
official website Taunton
Taunton
Area Chamber of Commerce National Weather Service
National Weather Service
Weather Forecast Office Taunton Southeastern Regional Planning & Economic Development History of the Taunton
Taunton
Municipal Light Plant Taunton
Taunton
Public Library Answer Book/Taunton: "Everything you need to know" Vital Records of Taunton
Taunton
Mass. to 1850 Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Historical Commission Reconnaissance Survey Report on Taunton. Good Federally funded review of Taunton's history, especially its industrial history. Published 1981. Duane Hamilton Hurd, History of Bristol County, Massachusetts: With Biographical Sketches of Many Pioneers and Prominent Men. Part 1. Part 2. Taunton
Taunton
Chapter 58 page 728. Published 1883. Wall & Gray. 1871 Atlas of Massachusetts. Taunton. Beers, D.G. 1872 Atlas of Essex County Map of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Plate 5. Click on the map for a very large image. Also see detailed map of 1872 Essex County Plate 7. The Beer Can Museum

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County seat: Taunton

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