Tarrant County, Texas
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Tarrant County is located in the
U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a W ...
of
Texas Texas (, ; : ''Texas'', ''Tejas'') is a state in the region of the . At 268,596 square miles (695,662 km2), and with more than 29.1 million residents in 2020, it is the second-largest by both (after ) and (after ). Texas shares borders ...

Texas
. As of
2020 2020 was heavily defined by the COVID-19 pandemic, which led to global Social impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, social and Economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, economic disruption, List of events affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, mass can ...
, it had a population of 2,110,640. It is Texas' third-most populous county and the 15th-most populous in the
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country in . It consists of 50 , a , five major , 326 , and some . At , it is the world's . The United States shares significan ...

United States
. Its
county seat A county seat is an administrative centerAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration within a particular sovereign state. Th ...
is
Fort Worth Fort Worth is the fifth-largest city in the U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located ...
. Tarrant County, one of 26 counties created out of the
Peters ColonyPeters ColonyHarry E. Wade, "PETERS COLONY," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/uep02), accessed May 15, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association. (Peters' Colony) ...
, was established in 1849 and organized the next year. It was named in honor of General
Edward H. Tarrant
Edward H. Tarrant
of the
Republic of Texas File:Flag of Texas (1835–1839).svg, Naval ensign of the Texas Navy from 1836–1839 until it was replaced by the Lone Star Flag The Republic of Texas ( es, República de Tejas) was a sovereign state in North America that existed from March 2, ...

Republic of Texas
militia A militia () is generally an army or some other Military organization, fighting organization of non-professional soldiers, citizens of a country, or subjects of a state, who may perform military service during a time of need, as opposed to a pro ...
. Tarrant County is part of the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.


Geography

According to the
U.S. Census Bureau The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of th ...
, the county has an area of , of which is land and (4.3%) is water.


Adjacent counties

*
Denton County Denton County is located in the U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North Americ ...
(north) *
Dallas County Dallas () is a city in the U.S. state of Texas and the largest city in and County seat, seat of Dallas County, Texas, Dallas County, with portions extending into Collin County, Texas, Collin, Denton County, Texas, Denton, Kaufman County, Texas, ...
(east) * Ellis County (southeast) * Johnson County (south) * Parker County, Texas, Parker County (west) * Wise County, Texas, Wise County (northwest)


Demographics


2015 Texas Population Estimate Program

As of the 2015 Texas Population Estimate Program, the population of the county was 1,960,741: 916,941 non-Hispanic whites (46.8%); 299,637 Black Americans (15.3%); 158,299 other non-Hispanic Americans (8.1%); 585,864 Hispanic and Latino Americans, Hispanics and Latinos, of any race (29.9%).


2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,809,034 people. Tarrant County is currently the second most populous county in the Dallas-Ft. Worth Metropolitan Statistical Area. Non-Hispanic whites are believed to constitute about 46.7% of the county's population according to current population trends.


2000 Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,446,219 people, 533,864 households, and 369,433 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,675 people per square mile (647/km2). There were 565,830 housing units at an average density of 655 per square mile (253/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 71.2% Race (United States Census), White, 12.8% Race (United States Census), Black or Race (United States Census), African American, 0.6% Race (United States Census), Native American, 3.6% Race (United States Census), Asian, 0.2% Race (United States Census), Pacific Islander, 9.1% from Race (United States Census), other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. 19.7% of the population were Race (United States Census), Hispanic or Race (United States Census), Latino of any race. There were 533,864 households, out of which 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.8% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.22. As of the 2010 census, there were about 5.2 Same-sex relationship, same-sex couples per 1,000 households in the county. In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.1% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 33.5% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.6 males. The median income for a household in the county was $46,179, and the median income for a family was $54,068. Males had a median income of $38,486 versus $28,672 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,548. About 8.0% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.8% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.


Government, courts, and politics


Government

Tarrant County, like all Texas counties, is governed by a Commissioners Court, which consists of the county judge, who is elected county-wide and presides over the full court, and four commissioners, who are elected in each of the county's four precincts.


County commissioners


County officials


Constables


County services

The JPS Health Network (Tarrant County Hospital District) operates the John Peter Smith Hospital and health centers. Countywide law enforcement is provided by the Tarrant County Sheriff's Office and Tarrant County Constable's Office. All cities in the county provide their own police services, with three exceptions: Westlake contracts service from the Keller Police Department, and Haslet and Edgecliff Village contract service from the Sheriff's Office. DFW Airport, the Tarrant County Hospital District, and the Tarrant Regional Water District also provide their own police forces. Since the disbandment of the North Tarrant County Fire Department, no countywide firefighting services exist. All municipalities provide their own fire departments. Most cities also operate their own ambulances, with two notable exceptions: Fort Worth and 14 other Tarrant County cities are served by the Metropolitan Area EMS Authority (MAEMSA), a governmental administrative agency established under an interlocal operating agreement and operating as MedStar Mobile Health, while the city of Arlington contracts paramedic apparatus from private entity American Medical Response. Fire and EMS protection in unincorporated portions of Tarrant County is governed by the Tarrant County Emergency Services District #1, which administers contracts with 17 fire departments (including 10 with EMS response) and has mutual aid agreements with eight additional fire departments. CareFlite air ambulance services operate from Harris Methodist Hospital in Fort Worth.


Courts


Justices of the peace


County criminal courts


County civil courts


County probate courts


Criminal district courts


Civil district courts


Family district courts


Juvenile district court


Politics

Since the 1960s, Tarrant County has been fairly conservative for an urban county, and one of the most populous Republican-leaning counties in the nation. However, it elected Democrat Jim Wright to 17 terms (1955-1989) as U.S. Congressman and Speaker of the House (1987-1989), and Wright was succeeded by fellow Democrat Pete Geren (1989-1997). Since 2018, the Democratic Party (United States), Democratic Party has rebounded to represent a larger portion of the political profile and has made huge gains in Tarrant County, concentrated in several areas throughout the county: eastern Euless, Grand Prairie and eastern and southern Arlington, northern and western areas of Mansfield, large portions of Fort Worth, particularly the area surrounding the Stockyards and Meacham Airport, southern and eastern Fort Worth, especially in dense metro areas and along I-35W, and Forest Hill. Republicans are dominant in many of the rural areas of the county, downtown and western Fort Worth and north of Loop 820, and almost all suburban areas including Benbrook, rural Mansfield areas and western Arlington, Haltom City, Mid-Cities (Hurst, Euless, and Bedford), and the northern suburbs. Beginning in 1952, the majority of voters supported the Republican Party (United States), Republican Party presidential candidate in every election except 1964 United States presidential election, 1964, when Tarrant County voted for the Lyndon B. Johnson-Hubert Humphrey Democratic ticket, then again in 2020 when the Joe Biden-Kamala Harris Democratic ticket carried the county. In United States presidential election in Texas, 2016, 2016, Donald Trump-Mike Pence won Tarrant with 51.7% of the vote, the worst showing for Republicans since the Bob Dole-Jack Kemp ticket in United States presidential election in Texas, 1996, 1996 won by a margin of 8.6%, and closest since 1976 United States presidential election, 1976 when Gerald Ford-Bob Dole carried the county by less than 1% over the Jimmy Carter-Walter Mondale ticket. The first Republican elected to the State Senate from Tarrant County since Reconstruction was Betty Andujar in 1972. The county has leaned Republican in United States Senate races since Democrat Lloyd Bentsen's 1988 victory, but in the United States Senate election in Texas, 2018, 2018 election Democratic candidate Beto O'Rourke carried Tarrant, though losing statewide to incumbent Ted Cruz. Continuing to reverse the Republican advantage, Tarrant County trends Democratic, as Joe Biden carried the county with 49.3% (to Donald Trump's 49.1%) in the 2020 United States presidential election, 2020 presidential election, the first win for a Democratic presidential ticket in Tarrant County since Texas native Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964 and the closest race in the county since 1976, which was won by the razor thin margin of 1,826 votes (The margin of votes in 2020, in comparison, was 1,836 votes). Many other suburban Texas counties, including Tarrant's immediate neighbors in
Denton County Denton County is located in the U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North Americ ...
and Collin County, Texas, Collin County as well as those around Houston and Austin, Texas, Austin, have shown similar trends since 2016. From the 1893 beginning of U.S. House District 12, there have been 2 Republicans in 127 years elected to the U.S. House for the western half of Tarrant County; from the 1875 inception of U.S. House District 6, there have been 3 Republicans in 145 years elected to the U.S. House for the eastern portion of Tarrant County, including former congressman and senator Phil Gramm's election as both a Democrat and a Republican after he switched parties in 1983 to run for re-election.


State Board of Education members


Texas State Representatives


Texas State Senators


United States House of Representatives


Education


Colleges and universities


Primary and secondary schools

Public schools in Texas are organized into independent school districts and charter schools. Tarrant County is also home to dozens of private high schools and nearly 100 lower-level private schools.Texas Private Schools
accessed 2008-08-23


Independent school districts

* Arlington Independent School District * Birdville Independent School District * Carroll Independent School District * Castleberry Independent School District * Eagle Mountain-Saginaw Independent School District * Everman Independent School District * Fort Worth Independent School District * Grapevine-Colleyville Independent School District * Hurst-Euless-Bedford Independent School District * Keller Independent School District * Kennedale Independent School District * Lake Worth Independent School District * White Settlement Independent School District * Azle Independent School District (partial) * Burleson Independent School District (partial) * Crowley Independent School District (partial) * Godley Independent School District (partial) * Mansfield Independent School District (partial) * Northwest Independent School District (partial)


Charter schools

* Arlington Classics Academy * Fort Worth Academy of Fine Arts * IDEA Public Schools * Harmony Public Schools * Newman International Academy * Texas School of the Arts * Treetops School International * Uplift Education (partial) * Westlake Academy


Private schools

* Colleyville Covenant Christian Academy * Fort Worth Christian School * Fort Worth Country Day School * Lake Country Christian School * Nolan Catholic High School * The Oakridge School * Southwest Christian School (Fort Worth, Texas), Southwest Christian School * Temple Christian School (Fort Worth, Texas), Temple Christian School * Trinity Baptist Temple Academy * Trinity Valley School


Transportation


Major highways

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *


Airports

Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport is partially in the cities of Grapevine, Texas, Grapevine and Euless, Texas, Euless in Tarrant County and Irving, Texas, Irving in
Dallas County Dallas () is a city in the U.S. state of Texas and the largest city in and County seat, seat of Dallas County, Texas, Dallas County, with portions extending into Collin County, Texas, Collin, Denton County, Texas, Denton, Kaufman County, Texas, ...
. Fort Worth Alliance Airport is a city-owned public-use airport located north of the central business district of Fort Worth on Interstate-35W. Billed as the world's first purely industrial airport, it was developed in a joint venture between the City of Fort Worth, the Federal Aviation Administration and Hillwood Development Company, a real estate development company owned by H. Ross Perot Jr. Alliance Airport has 9600' and 8200' runways. Fort Worth Meacham International Airport is located at the intersection of Interstate 820 and U.S. Business Highway 287 in northwest Fort Worth, 5 miles from the downtown business district. Meacham International Airport has two parallel runways. Fort Worth Spinks Airport is located 14 miles south of the downtown business district. The airport is located at the intersection of Interstate-35W and HWY 1187 and serves as a reliever airport for Fort Worth Meacham International Airport and Dallas–Fort Worth International Airport.


Communities


Cities (multiple counties)

* Azle, Texas, Azle (partly in Parker County, Texas, Parker County) * Burleson, Texas, Burleson (mostly in Johnson County) * Crowley, Texas, Crowley (small part in Johnson County) * ''
Fort Worth Fort Worth is the fifth-largest city in the U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located ...
'' (small parts in Denton County, Texas, Denton, Parker County, Texas, Parker and Wise County, Texas, Wise counties) * Grand Prairie, Texas, Grand Prairie (partly in
Dallas County Dallas () is a city in the U.S. state of Texas and the largest city in and County seat, seat of Dallas County, Texas, Dallas County, with portions extending into Collin County, Texas, Collin, Denton County, Texas, Denton, Kaufman County, Texas, ...
and a small part in Ellis County) * Grapevine, Texas, Grapevine (small parts in Dallas County, Texas, Dallas, Denton County, Texas, Denton counties) * Haslet, Texas, Haslet (small part in
Denton County Denton County is located in the U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North Americ ...
) * Mansfield, Texas, Mansfield (small parts in Ellis County, Texas, Ellis and Johnson County, Texas, Johnson counties) * Newark, Texas, Newark (mostly in Wise County, Texas, Wise County) * Southlake, Texas, Southlake (small part in
Denton County Denton County is located in the U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North Americ ...
)


Cities

* ''Arlington, Texas, Arlington'' * Bedford, Texas, Bedford * Blue Mound, Texas, Blue Mound * Colleyville, Texas, Colleyville * Dalworthington Gardens, Texas, Dalworthington Gardens * Euless, Texas, Euless * Everman, Texas, Everman * Forest Hill, Texas, Forest Hill * Haltom City, Texas, Haltom City * Hurst, Texas, Hurst * Keller, Texas, Keller * Kennedale, Texas, Kennedale * Lake Worth, Texas, Lake Worth * North Richland Hills, Texas, North Richland Hills * Pelican Bay, Texas, Pelican Bay * Richland Hills, Texas, Richland Hills * River Oaks, Texas, River Oaks * Saginaw, Texas, Saginaw * Sansom Park, Texas, Sansom Park * Watauga, Texas, Watauga * Westworth Village, Texas, Westworth Village * White Settlement, Texas, White Settlement


Towns

* Benbrook, Texas, Benbrook * Edgecliff Village, Texas, Edgecliff Village * Flower Mound, Texas, Flower Mound (mostly in
Denton County Denton County is located in the U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North Americ ...
) * Lakeside, Tarrant County, Texas, Lakeside * Pantego, Texas, Pantego * Trophy Club, Texas, Trophy Club (mostly in
Denton County Denton County is located in the U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North Americ ...
) * Westlake, Texas, Westlake (small part in
Denton County Denton County is located in the U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North Americ ...
) * Westover Hills, Texas, Westover Hills


Census-designated places

* Briar, Texas, Briar (partly in Wise County, Texas, Wise and Parker County, Texas, Parker counties) * Pecan Acres, Texas, Pecan Acres (small part in Wise County, Texas, Wise County) * Rendon, Texas, Rendon


Historical census-designated places

* Eagle Mountain, Texas, Eagle Mountain


Unincorporated communities

* Alliance, Texas, Alliance (partly in
Denton County Denton County is located in the U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North Americ ...
) * Avondale, Texas, Avondale * Boss, Texas, Boss * Eagle Acres, Texas, Eagle Acres * Lake Crest Estates, Texas, Lake Crest Estates * Lake Forest, Texas, Lake Forest * Lake Shore Estates, Texas, Lake Shore Estates


Historical communities

* Belt Junction, Texas, Belt Junction * Bisbee, Texas, Bisbee * Bransford, Texas, Bransford * Center Point, Tarrant County, Texas, Center Point * Ederville, Texas, Ederville * Garden Acres, Texas, Garden Acres * Handley, Fort Worth, Texas, Handley * Johnsons Station, Texas, Johnsons Station * Oak Grove, Tarrant County, Texas, Oak Grove


Ghost towns

* Birds, Texas, Birds * Dido, Texas, Dido * Minters Chapel, Texas, Minters Chapel


* *


See also

* List of museums in North Texas * National Register of Historic Places listings in Tarrant County, Texas * List of Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks (Sabine-Travis)#Tarrant County, Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Tarrant County


References


External links


Tarrant County official website

Tarrant County in ''Handbook of Texas Online''
from University of Texas at Austin, The University of Texas at Austin
Tarrant County profile from The County Information Project
{{Coord, 32.77, -97.29, display=title, type:adm2nd_region:US-TX_source:UScensus1990 Tarrant County, Texas, Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex 1850 establishments in Texas Populated places established in 1850