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Ternopil
Ternopil
(Ukrainian: Тернопіль, translit. Ternopil', pronounced [tɛrˈnɔpilʲ]; Polish: Tarnopol; Russian: Тернополь, translit. Ternopol'; German: Tarnopol; Yiddish: טאַרנאָפּל/טערנעפּאָל‎, translit. Ternepal/Tarnap'l; Hebrew: טארנופול (טַרְנוֹפּוֹל)‎, translit. Tar'nopol) is a city in western Ukraine, located on the banks of the Seret River. Until 1944, it was known mostly as Tarnopol, and its Ruthenian (Ukrainian) name was rarely used.[2] Ternopil
Ternopil
is one of the major cities of Western Ukraine
Ukraine
and the historical regions of Galicia and Podolia. It is served by Ternopil
Ternopil
Airport. The population of Ternopil
Ternopil
is 217 800 (year 2015).[3]

Contents

1 Administrative status 2 History

2.1 20th Century 2.2 Invasion of Poland 2.3 Jewish Ternopil

2.3.1 The Holocaust

3 Climate 4 Education 5 Gallery 6 Notable residents 7 International relations

7.1 Twin towns – Sister cities

8 See also 9 References and notes 10 External links

Administrative status[edit] The city is the administrative center of the Ternopil Oblast
Ternopil Oblast
(region), as well as of the surrounding Ternopil Raion
Ternopil Raion
(district) within the oblast. However, Ternopil
Ternopil
is a city of regional significance, thus being subject directly to the oblast authorities rather than to the raion administration which is housed in the city as well. History[edit]

City's first church, Exaltation of Cross Church

The city was founded in 1540 by Polish commander and Hetman
Hetman
Jan Amor Tarnowski,[2] as a military stronghold and castle.[2] On 15 April 1540,[2] the King of Poland
King of Poland
Sigismund I[2] in Cracow
Cracow
handed Tarnowski a permission for the establishment of Tarnopol settlement,[2] in the vicinity of Sopilcze (Sopilche).[2] Its Polish name "Tarnopol" means "Tarnowski's city" and stems from a combination of the founder's surname and Greek term "polis".[4][5] The Ukrainian name "Ternopil" is explained as derived from a field covered with thorns[4] (Ukrainian: терен поле, translit. teren opil, lit. 'thorn field'). In 1544 the Tarnopol Castle
Tarnopol Castle
was completed and repelled the first Tatar attacks. On 20 January 1548 Tarnopol was granted legal rights by the King of Poland
King of Poland
Sigismund I the Old
Sigismund I the Old
which allowed the town to hold three fairs annually, and the weekly trades on Mondays.[2] Tarnopol received Magdeburg city rights two years later from Jan Tarnowski, regulating the duties of town residents.[2] In 1548 the King of Poland also gave permission to create a pond near the Tarnopol suburb of Kutkovets.[2] In 1549 the city managed to survive a Tatar siege by efforts of the Polish Duchess Eudokia Czartoryska (see House of Czartoryski).[2] After the death of the Crown Hetman
Hetman
in 1561, Tarnopol became the property of his son Jan Krzysztof Tarnowski,[2] who died childless in 1567. Since 1567 the city was owned by the daughter of Crown Hetman
Hetman
Zofia Tarnowska
Zofia Tarnowska
who was married to Konstanty Wasyl Ostrogski.[2] In 1570 after her death while giving a birth, Tarnopol was passed to the Ostrogski family.[2] In 1575 it was plundered by the Tatars. In 1623 the city passed to the Zamoyski family. In 1589 Tarnopol was visited by the Austrian diplomat Erich Lassota von Steblau (de) who also mentioned the city's castle.[2]

The Ternopil Castle
Ternopil Castle
rebuilt in the 19th century as a palace

In the 17th century the town was burned down in the Khmelnytsky Uprising when most of its Jewish residents were chased out or killed. Tarnopol was almost completely destroyed by Turkish forces of Ibrahim Shishman Pasha in 1675 and rebuilt by Aleksander Koniecpolski but did not recover its previous glory until it passed to Marie Casimire, the wife of king John III Sobieski
John III Sobieski
in 1690. The city was later sacked for the last time by Tatars
Tatars
in 1694, and twice by Russians
Russians
in the course of the Great Northern War
Great Northern War
in 1710 and the War of the Polish Succession in 1733. In 1747 Józef Potocki
Józef Potocki
invited the Dominicanes and founded the beautiful late-baroque Dominican Church (today the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception of The Blessed Virgin Mary of the Ternopil- Zboriv
Zboriv
eparchy of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church). The city was looted during the Confederation of Bar
Confederation of Bar
(1768–1772) by the confederates, the king's army, and by the Russians. In 1770 it was devastated by an outbreak of smallpox. In 1772, after the First Partition of Poland, the city came under Austrian rule. In 1809, after the War of the Fifth Coalition, the city came under Russian rule, incorporated into the newly created Ternopol krai. In 1815 the city (then with 11,000 residents) returned to Austrian rule in accordance with the Congress of Vienna. In 1820 Jesuits expelled from Polatsk by the Russians
Russians
established a gymnasium in Tarnopol. In 1843 the last city's owner Jerzy Michal of Turkul sold the city to its residents for 175,000 florins.[2] In 1870 a rail line connected Ternopil
Ternopil
with Lviv, accelerating the city's growth. At that time Tarnopol had a population of about 25,000.

The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception of The Blessed Virgin Mary (former Dominican Church)

20th Century[edit] The region was part of Habsburg Galicia and was an ethnic mix of mainly Roman Catholic Poles, Greek Catholic Ruthenians, and Jews. Intermarriage between Poles and Ruthenians was common. Church of St. Mary of the Perpetual Assistance was consecrated in 1908 with its main tower reaching 62 m (203 ft).[2] In 1954 the church was blown up by Communist authorities and in its place was built the city's central supermarket.[2] During World War I
World War I
the city passed from German and Austrian forces to Russia
Russia
several times. In 1917 the city and its castle were burnt down by fleeing Russian forces.[2] After the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the city was proclaimed as part of the West Ukrainian People's Republic
Ukrainian People's Republic
on 11 November 1918. After Polish forces captured Lwów
Lwów
during the Polish-Ukrainian War, Tarnopol became the country's temporary capital (22 November to 30 December 1918).[6] After the act of union between the West Ukrainian Republic and the Ukrainian People's Republic
Ukrainian People's Republic
(UPR), Ternopol formally passed under the UPR's control. On 15 July 1919 the city was captured[6] by Polish forces. In 1920 the exiled Ukrainian government of Symon Petlura accepted Polish control of Tarnopol and of the entire area after receiving the assurance of Józef Piłsudski, the Lithuanian born Field Marshal of the Polish Army, that there would be no peace with the Russians
Russians
without creating a Ukrainian state. In July and August 1920 the Red Army
Red Army
captured Tarnopol in the course of the Polish-Soviet War. The city then served as the capital of the Galician Soviet Socialist Republic. Although the Poles and their Ukrainian allies badly defeated the Russians
Russians
on the battle field and the Russians
Russians
had offered to cede Ukraine
Ukraine
and Belarus, Polish politicians in Warsaw
Warsaw
refused to honor Piłsudski's promise. By the terms of the Riga treaty, the Soviets and Poles effectively partitioned Ukraine. For the next 19 years, the ethnically mixed Ternopol area remained in Polish control. From 1922 to September 1939, Tarnopol served as the capital of the Tarnopol Voivodeship
Tarnopol Voivodeship
that consisted of 17 powiats. According to the Polish census of 1931, individuals speaking Ukrainian/Ruthenian accounted for 46% of the Tarnopol Voivodeship, while Polish speaking population consisted of 49%.[7] The city itself consisted of 77.7% Poles, 14.0% Jewish and 8.05% Ukrainian/Ruthenian population. After World War II, Communist Party historians reported that Edward Szturm de Sztrem, the pre-war chairman of the Polish census statistical office, admitted that the census returns, particularly those from the south-east, had been altered at the executive level.[8] Another account stated that he admitted "that officials had been directed to undercount minorities, especially those in the eastern provinces".[9] Invasion of Poland[edit]

Tarnopol Voivodeship

At the onset of World War II, the Soviet invasion of Poland
Soviet invasion of Poland
began on September 17, 1939. The Red Army
Red Army
entered eastern Poland
Poland
in furtherance of the secret Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact
Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact
and contrary to the Soviet–Polish Non-Aggression Pact. Tarnopol was captured, renamed Ternopol, and incorporated into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic under Ternopol Oblast. The Soviets made it their first priority to decimate Polish intelligentsia and destroy Polish culture. Ukrainian nationalist leaders were imprisoned. Mass arrests, torture and executions of Ukrainians and Poles followed. The Soviets also carried out mass deportations of the "enemies of the working class" to Kazakhstan. In practice, this translated into members of the former state administration, police, border service and land and business owners.[10] On 2 July 1941, the city was occupied by the Nazis who led the Jewish pogrom,[10] and continued exterminating the population by creating the Tarnopol Ghetto. Thousands of Jews were murdered at the Belzec extermination camp.[10] Many Ukrainians were sent as forced labour to Germany. In the years 1942–1943, the Polish Armia Krajowa
Armia Krajowa
was active opposing Nazi rule and defending ethnic Poles from violence from Ukrainian Nationalists. During the Soviet offensive in March and April 1944, the city was encircled. In March 1944, the city was declared a fortified place (Gates to the Reich) by Adolf Hitler,[2] to be defended until the last round was fired.[2] The stiff German resistance caused extensive use of heavy artillery by the Red Army
Red Army
on March 7–8,[2] resulting in the complete destruction of the city and killing of nearly all German occupants (55 survivors out of 4,500). Unlike many other occasions, where the Germans had practised a scorched earth policy during their withdrawal from territories of the Soviet Union, the devastation was caused directly by the hostilities.[11] Finally Ternopol was occupied by the Red Army
Red Army
on 15 April 1944. After the second Soviet occupation, 85% of the city's living quarters were destroyed.[2] Due to heavy destruction, the regional seat was moved to Chortkiv.[2] Following the defeat of Nazi Germany, the ethnic Polish population of Tarnopol and its region was forcibly deported to postwar Poland
Poland
and settled in, and near Wrocław
Wrocław
(among other locations), as part of Stalinist ethnic cleansing in the Soviet Ukraine.[12] In the following decades, Ternopol was rebuilt in a typical Soviet style and only a few buildings were reconstructed.

Euromaidan
Euromaidan
in Ternopil

Ternopil
Ternopil
has been a part of sovereign Ukraine
Ukraine
since August, 24 1991. Jewish Ternopil[edit] Polish Jews settled in Ternopil
Ternopil
beginning at its founding and soon formed a majority of the population. During the 16th and 17th centuries there were 300 Jewish families in the city. The Great Synagogue of Ternopil
Ternopil
was built in Gothic Survival style between 1622 and 1628.[13] Among the towns destroyed by Bohdan Khmelnytsky
Bohdan Khmelnytsky
during his march from Zolochiv
Zolochiv
through Galicia was Tarnopol, the large Jewish population of which carried on an extensive trade. Shortly afterward, however, when the Cossacks
Cossacks
had been subdued by John III of Poland, the town began to prosper anew, and its Jewish population
Jewish population
exceeded all previous figures. After the first partition of Poland, Ternopil
Ternopil
came under Austrian domination. Nevertheless, Joseph Perl
Joseph Perl
was able to continue his efforts to improve the condition of the Jews, which he had begun under the Russian rule. In 1813 he established a Jewish school which had as its chief object the instruction of Jewish youth in German as well as in Hebrew and in various other subjects. Controversy between the traditional Hasidim and the modernising Maskilim which this school caused, resulted four years later in a victory for the latter, whereupon the institution received official recognition and was placed under communal control. Starting in 1863, the school policy was gradually modified by Polish influences, and very little attention was given to instruction in German. The Tempel für Geregelten Gottesdienst, opened by Perl
Perl
in 1819, also caused dissensions within the community, and its rabbi, Samuel Judah Löb Rapoport, was forced to withdraw. This dispute also was eventually settled in favour of the Maskilim. As of 1905, the Jewish community numbered 14,000 in a total population of 30,415. Jews took control of the active import/export trade with Russia
Russia
conducted through the border city of Pidvolochysk. The Holocaust[edit]

Tarnopol Synagogue prior to destruction during World War II

In 1941, soon after the German attack on the Soviet positions in eastern Poland, 2,000 Jews were killed in a pogrom.[10] In September 1941, the Germans announced the creation of the Tarnopol Ghetto for Jews still remaining in the city. In the winter of 1941–42, mortality in the ghetto escalated to such a degree that the Judenrat
Judenrat
was forced to bury the dead in a common grave. Between August 1942 to June 1943 there were 5 "selections" that depleted the Jewish population of the ghetto by sending the Jews to Belzec extermination camp. A few hundred Jews from Tarnopol and its vicinity attempted to survive by hiding within the town limits. Many were denounced to the Germans, including some 200 people shortly before the Soviets liberated the area. A number of Jews survived by hiding with the Poles.[14] A monument in memory of the Holocaust victims was built at Petrikovsky Yar in 1996.[15] On September 19, 2012 the monument was desecrated, in what seems to be an anti-Semitic act.[15] Climate[edit] Ternopil
Ternopil
has a moderate continental climate with cold winters and warm summers.

Climate data for Ternopil
Ternopil
(1949–2011)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 12.2 (54) 17.3 (63.1) 25.0 (77) 30.0 (86) 30.2 (86.4) 37.8 (100) 38.4 (101.1) 36.1 (97) 32.1 (89.8) 25.7 (78.3) 19.9 (67.8) 13.9 (57) 38.4 (101.1)

Average high °C (°F) −1.9 (28.6) −0.4 (31.3) 4.7 (40.5) 12.7 (54.9) 18.8 (65.8) 21.4 (70.5) 23.2 (73.8) 23.0 (73.4) 18.1 (64.6) 12.1 (53.8) 4.8 (40.6) −0.4 (31.3) 11.2 (52.2)

Daily mean °C (°F) −4.4 (24.1) −3.4 (25.9) 0.7 (33.3) 7.8 (46) 13.6 (56.5) 16.5 (61.7) 18.1 (64.6) 17.5 (63.5) 12.9 (55.2) 7.4 (45.3) 1.9 (35.4) −2.8 (27) 7.1 (44.8)

Average low °C (°F) −7.3 (18.9) −6.4 (20.5) −2.8 (27) 3.1 (37.6) 8.2 (46.8) 11.3 (52.3) 13.0 (55.4) 12.3 (54.1) 8.1 (46.6) 3.4 (38.1) −0.8 (30.6) −5.4 (22.3) 3.0 (37.4)

Record low °C (°F) −31.6 (−24.9) −31.0 (−23.8) −23.9 (−11) −6.1 (21) −2.2 (28) −1.7 (28.9) 4.0 (39.2) 3.6 (38.5) −4.0 (24.8) −10.5 (13.1) −18.0 (−0.4) −27.0 (−16.6) −31.6 (−24.9)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 33.0 (1.299) 27.7 (1.091) 34.1 (1.343) 46.6 (1.835) 71.8 (2.827) 77.6 (3.055) 83.5 (3.287) 78.2 (3.079) 60.6 (2.386) 37.1 (1.461) 34.6 (1.362) 35.0 (1.378) 619.8 (24.402)

Average precipitation days 19.5 18.2 16.3 11.3 11.0 11.4 9.6 8.1 10.0 10.1 15.2 19.4 160.1

Average relative humidity (%) 85.8 84.3 78.6 67.7 67.1 71.6 73.6 73.0 75.8 79.6 86.2 87.0 77.5

Source: Climatebase.ru[16]

Education[edit] Universities include:

Ternopil
Ternopil
National Economic University Ternopil
Ternopil
Ivan Pul'uj National Technical University Ternopil
Ternopil
Volodymyr Hnatyuk National Pedagogical University Ternopil
Ternopil
State Medical University

On 31 December 2013, the 11th Artillery
Artillery
Brigade, descendant of artillery units that had been based in the city since 1949, was disbanded.[17] Gallery[edit]

Ternopil
Ternopil
regional council

Old architecture in Ternopil

Central public library

Motor ship "The Hero Tantsorow" on the Ternopil
Ternopil
Lake

Ostrozky foundation building

Stepan Bandera
Stepan Bandera
monument

Notable residents[edit]

Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz, Polish philosopher and logician Aleksander Brückner,[2] Polish academician, Slavist Natalia Buchynska, singer Mykola Chubatyi,[18] historian of Ukrainian Church Mike Mazurki, American professional athlete[19] and actor 196 cm (6 ft 5 in) in height Kazimierz Michałowski,[2] Polish archaeologist, Egyptologist, art historian

Joseph Perl,[2] Jewish writer Rudolf Pöch, Austrian anthropologist pioneering in cinematography and audio engineering Solomon Judah Loeb Rapoport, Rabbi Karol Rathaus, Polish-Austrian-American modernist composer Jan Tarnowski, Polish nobleman, founder of Ternopil
Ternopil
(as Tarnopol) Casimir Zeglen, Polish-American engineer, founder of commercial bulletproof vest in 1890s

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Ukraine Twin towns – Sister cities[edit] Ternopil
Ternopil
is twinned with:

Penza
Penza
in Russia Sliven
Sliven
in Bulgaria Yonkers in US (since 1991)[20] Elbląg
Elbląg
in Poland
Poland
(since 1992)[21][22]

Chorzów
Chorzów
in Poland Radom
Radom
in Poland[23][24] Tarnów
Tarnów
in Poland[25] Batumi
Batumi
in Georgia[26]

See also[edit]

Ukraine
Ukraine
portal

Ternopil
Ternopil
Regional Art Museum Church of the Exaltation of the Cross, Ternopil

References and notes[edit]

^ (in Ukrainian) Мер Тернополя продає побачення з собою, Ukrayinska Pravda
Ukrayinska Pravda
(28 December 2011) ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa Snitovsky, O. Five centuries of Ternopil. The city of Hetman
Hetman
Jan and mason Leontiy[permanent dead link]. Ukrinform. 28 August 2015 ^ [1] ^ a b Olszański, Tadeusz A. (2013). "Kresy Zachodnie. Miejsce Galicji Wschodniej i Wołynia w państwie ukraińskim" (PDF). Prace OSW (in Polish) (43). Centre for Eastern Studies: 25–26.  ^ Karpluk, Maria (1993). Mowa naszych przodków: podstawowe wiadomości z historii języka polskiego do końca XVIII w (in Polish). TMJP. p. 46.  ^ a b The Jewish and German population accepted the new Ukrainian state, but the Poles started the military campaign against the Ukrainian authority. [...]. On November 11, 1918 following bloody fighting, the Polish forces captured Lwów. The government of the WUPR moved to Ternopol and from the end of December the Council and the Government of the WUPR were located in Ivano-Frankivsk. (in Ukrainian) West Ukrainian People's Republic
Ukrainian People's Republic
in the "Dovidnyk z istoriï Ukraïny" (A hand-book on the History of Ukraine), 3-Volumes, Kyiv, 1993–1999, ISBN 5-7707-5190-8 (t. 1), ISBN 5-7707-8552-7 (t. 2), ISBN 966-504-237-8 (t. 3). ^ "Główny Urząd Statystyczny Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, drugi powszechny spis ludności z dn. 9.XII 1931 r. - Mieszkania i gospodarstwa dome ludność, Wojewodztwo Tarnopolskie" [Central Statistical Office the Polish Republic, the second census dated 9.XII 1931 - Abodes and household populace, Voivodeship Tarnopol] (PDF, direct download, table: page 30) (in Polish). Central Statistical office of the Polish Republic. 1938.  ^ Joseph Marcus (1983). Social and Political History of the Jews in Poland, 1919-1939. Walter de Gruyter. p. 17. ISBN 978-90-279-3239-6. Retrieved 17 October 2015.  ^ Richard Blanke (1993). Orphans of Versailles: The Germans in Western Poland, 1918-1939. University Press of Kentucky. p. 95. ISBN 0-8131-3041-7. Retrieved 17 October 2015.  ^ a b c d Robert Kuwałek, Eugeniusz Riadczenko, Adam Dylewski, Justyna Filochowska, Michał Czajka (2015). "Tarnopol". Historia - Społeczność żydowska przed 1989 (in Polish). Virtual Shtetl (Wirtualny Sztetl). pp. 3–4 of 5. Retrieved 31 July 2015. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) ^ Frieser, Karl-Heinz; Schmider, Klaus; Schönherr, Klaus; Schreiber, Gerhard; Ungváry, Kristián; Wegner, Bernd (2007). Die Ostfront 1943/44 – Der Krieg im Osten und an den Nebenfronten [The Eastern Front 1943–1944: The War in the East and on the Neighbouring Fronts]. Das Deutsche Reich und der Zweite Weltkrieg
Das Deutsche Reich und der Zweite Weltkrieg
[ Germany
Germany
and the Second World War] (in German). VIII. München: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt. ISBN 978-3-421-06235-2.  ^ Włodzimierz Borodziej; Ingo Eser; Stanisław Jankowiak; Jerzy Kochanowski; Claudia Kraft; Witold Stankowski; Katrin Steffen (1999). Stanisław Ciesielski, ed. Przesiedlenie ludności polskiej z Kresów Wschodnich do Polski 1944–1947 [Resettlement of Poles from Kresy 1944–1947] (in Polish). Warsaw: Neriton. pp. 29, 50, 468. ISBN 83-86842-56-3.  ^ Sergey R. Kravtsov, "Gothic Survival in Synagogue Architecture of Ruthenia, Podolia
Podolia
and Volhynia in the 17th–18th Centuries," Architectura. Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Baukunst/ Journal of the History of Architecture, vol. 1 (2005), 70. ^ "Tarnopol Historical Background". Yad Vashem. Retrieved 9 March 2014.  ^ a b В Тернополе осквернили памятник жертвам Холокоста (in Russian). Евроазиатский Еврейский Конгресс. 2012-09-25. Retrieved 27 October 2012.  ^ "Ternopil, Ukraine
Ukraine
Climate Data". Climatebase. Retrieved January 21, 2013.  ^ "Влада Тернополя наполягає на відновленні військових частин на Західній Україні" [ Ternopil
Ternopil
authorities insist on restoration of military units in western Ukraine]. Ukrainian Independent Information Agency (in Ukrainian). 16 April 2014. Archived from the original on 4 February 2016. Retrieved 4 February 2016.  ^ Yaroslav Padokh,Chubaty, Mykola in the Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine ^ wrestler, football and basketball ^ Hodara, Susan (October 26, 2008). "Communities; Cities Find Sisters Abroad". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-10-26.  ^ " Elbląg
Elbląg
– Podstrony / Miasta partnerskie". Elbląski Dziennik Internetowy (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2011-03-15. Retrieved 2013-08-01.  ^ " Elbląg
Elbląg
– Miasta partnerskie". Elbląg.net (in Polish). Retrieved 2013-08-01.  ^ " Radom
Radom
– Miasta partnerskie" [ Radom
Radom
– Partnership cities]. Miasto Radom
Radom
[ City
City
of Radom] (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2013-08-07.  ^ " Radom
Radom
– miasta partnerskie" (in Polish). radom.naszestrony.pl. Archived from the original on 2007-07-26. Retrieved 2013-08-07.  ^ "Miasta Partnerskie". Retrieved 1 May 2014.  ^ " Batumi
Batumi
– Twin Towns & Sister Cities". Batumi
Batumi
City
City
Hall. Archived from the original on 2012-05-04. Retrieved 2013-08-10. 

Bibliography

A. Bresler, Joseph Perl, Warsaw, 1879, passim; Allg. Zeit. des Jud.
Allg. Zeit. des Jud.
1839, iii. 606;  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Tranopol". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company. 

else-->

J. H. Gurland, Le-Ḳarot ha-Gezerot, p. 22, Odessa, 1892; Meyers Konversations-Lexikon Orgelbrandt, in Encyklopedia Powszechna, xiv. 409;

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ternopil.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ternopil.

Look up ternopil in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Volodymyr Kubijovyč, Roman Mykolaievych, Ternopil
Ternopil
in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, updated in 2012. (in Ukrainian) Ternopil
Ternopil
City
City
Council (in Ukrainian) Ternopil
Ternopil
Web (in Ukrainian)(in English) Ternopil
Ternopil
photos Ternopil
Ternopil
City
City
Sights Website about Ternopil Historical footage of war damages at Ternopil
Ternopil
(1917), filmportal.de

v t e

Administrative divisions of Ternopil
Ternopil
Oblast

Administrative center: Ternopil

Raions

Berezhany Borshchiv Buchach Chortkiv Husiatyn Kozova Kremenets Lanivtsi Monastyryska Pidhaitsi Pidvolochysk Shumsk Terebovlia Ternopil Zalishchyky Zbarazh Zboriv

Cities

Regional

Berezhany Chortkiv Kremenets Ternopil

District

Borshchiv Buchach Khorostkiv Kopychyntsi Lanivtsi Monastyryska Pidhaitsi Pochaiv Shumsk Skalat Terebovlia Zalishchyky Zbarazh Zboriv

Urban-type settlements Category: Ternopil
Ternopil
Oblast

v t e

 Administrative divisions of Ukraine

Capital: Kiev

Oblasts

Cherkasy Chernihiv Chernivtsi Dnipropetrovsk Donetsk Ivano-Frankivsk Kharkiv Kherson Khmelnytskyi Kiev Kirovohrad Luhansk Lviv Mykolaiv Odessa Poltava Rivne Sumy Ternopil Vinnytsia Volyn Zakarpattia Zaporizhia Zhytomyr

Cities with special status

Kiev Sevastopol1

Autonomous republic

Crimea1

Administrative centers

Cherkasy Chernihiv Chernivtsi Dnipro Donetsk Ivano-Frankivsk Kharkiv Kherson Khmelnytskyi Kiev Kropyvnytskyi Luhansk Lutsk Lviv Mykolaiv Odessa Poltava Rivne Sevastopol Simferopol Sumy Ternopil Uzhhorod Vinnytsia Zaporizhia Zhytomyr

1Claimed and controlled by Russia
Russia
as the Republic of Crimea
Republic of Crimea
and the Federal City
City
of Sevastopol

v t e

Historical Capitals of Rus', Ukrainian states and states on Ukrainian soil1

Medieval Ukrainian states

Kievan Rus'

Kiev

Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia

Volodymyr Halych Lviv

Cossack Hetmanate

Chyhyryn Baturyn Hlukhiv

Grand Duchy of Rus'

Kiev

Ukrainian states after Russian Empire
Russian Empire
and before Ukrainian SSR

West Ukrainian People's Republic

Lviv Ternopil Stanyslaviv

Ukrainian People's Republic

Kiev
Kiev
(1917–1920)

* Ukrainian Soviet Republic

Kiev

Ukrainian SSR
Ukrainian SSR
(since 1917), independent Ukraine
Ukraine
(since 1991)

Ukrainian SSR
Ukrainian SSR
(part of the SU 1922-91), Ukraine

Kharkiv
Kharkiv
(1919-1934) Kiev
Kiev
(since 1934)

1Meaning (Cossack) states on the territory of current Ukraine

v t e

Cities in Ukraine
Ukraine
(including Crimea) by population

City
City
with special status City
City
of regional significance City
City
of district significance

1,000,000+

Kiev Kharkiv Dnipro Odessa

500,000+

Donetsk Zaporizhia Lviv Kryvyi Rih Mykolaiv

200,000+

Mariupol Luhansk Makiivka Vinnytsia Simferopol Sevastopol Kherson Poltava Chernihiv Cherkasy Sumy Horlivka Zhytomyr Kamianske Kropyvnytskyi Khmelnytskyi Rivne Chernivtsi Kremenchuk Ternopil Ivano-Frankivsk Lutsk Bila Tserkva

100,000+

Kramatorsk Melitopol Kerch Nikopol Sloviansk Berdiansk Sievierodonetsk Alchevsk Pavlohrad Uzhhorod Lysychansk Yevpatoria Yenakiieve

Crimea
Crimea
is the subject of a territorial dispute between Ukraine (Autonomous Republic of Crimea) and Russia
Russia
(Republic of Crimea)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities LCCN: n81126880 GND: 4119565-6 BNF: cb1356

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