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Tarnów
Tarnów
(Polish pronunciation: [ˈtarnuf] ( listen); Yiddish: טאָרנע‎, Torne) is a city in southeastern Poland
Poland
with 115,341 inhabitants and a metropolitan area population of 269,000 inhabitants. The city is situated in the Lesser Poland
Poland
Voivodeship since 1999. From 1975 to 1998, it was the capital of the Tarnów Voivodeship. It is a major rail junction, located on the strategic east–west connection from Lviv
Lviv
to Kraków, and two additional lines, one of which links the city with the Slovak border. Tarnów
Tarnów
is known for its traditional Polish architecture, which was strongly influenced by foreign cultures and foreigners that once lived in the area, most notably Jews, Germans
Germans
and Austrians.[1] The entire Old Town, featuring 16th century tenements, houses and defensive walls, has been fully preserved. Tarnów
Tarnów
is also the warmest city of Poland, with the highest long-term mean annual temperature in the whole country.[2]

Contents

1 Names and etymology 2 History

2.1 Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth 2.2 Habsburg Empire 2.3 Second Polish Republic 2.4 1939 invasion of Poland 2.5 The Jews
Jews
of Tarnów 2.6 Holocaust resistance

3 Geography

3.1 Climate

4 Economy 5 Transport 6 Politics 7 Attractions 8 Education 9 Sports 10 Religion 11 International relations

11.1 Twin towns — Sister cities

12 Notable residents 13 Notes 14 References

Names and etymology[edit] See also: Names of Tarnów
Tarnów
in different languages The first documented mention of the settlement dates back to 1105, spelled as Tharnow. The name later evolved to Tarnowo (1229), Tarnów (1327), and Tharnow (1473).[3] The place name Tarnów
Tarnów
is widely used in different forms across Slavic Europe, and lands which used to be inhabited by Slavs, such as eastern Germany, Hungary, and northern Greece. There is a German town, Tarnow, Greek Tyrnavos
Tyrnavos
(also spelled as Tirnovo), Czech Trnov, Bulgarian Veliko Tarnovo
Veliko Tarnovo
and Malko Tarnovo, as well as different Trnovos/Trnowos in Slovenia, Slovakia, Serbia, Bosnia, and Macedonia. The name Tarnów
Tarnów
comes from an early Slavic word trn/tarn, which means "thorn", or an area covered by thorny plants. History[edit]

Polish Gothic-styled Cathedral located in the Old Town district

Casimir the Great
Casimir the Great
Square

Already in the mid-9th century, on the Tarnów’s St. Martin Mount (Góra sw. Marcina, 2.5 kilometes from the centre of today’s city), a Slavic gord was established, probably by the Vistulans. Due to efforts of local archaeologists, we know that the size of the gord was almost 16 hectares, and it was surrounded by a rampart. The settlement was probably destroyed in the 1030s or the 1050s, during either a popular rebellion against Christianity (see Baptism of Poland), or Czech invasion of Lesser Poland. In the mid-11th century, a new gord was established on the Biała river. It was a royal property, which in the late 11th or early 12th century was handed over to the Tyniec Benedictine Abbey. The name Tarnów, with a different spelling, was for the first time mentioned in a document of Papal legate, Cardinal Gilles de Paris (1124).[3] The first documented mention of Tarnów
Tarnów
occurs in the year 1309, when a list of miracles of Kinga of Poland
Poland
specifies a woman named Marta, who was resident of the settlement. In 1327, a knight named Spicymir (Leliwa coat of arms) purchased a village of Tarnów
Tarnów
Wielki, and three years later, founded his own private town. On March 7, 1330, King Władysław I the Elbow-high
Władysław I the Elbow-high
granted Magdeburg rights
Magdeburg rights
to Tarnów. In the same year, construction of a castle on the St. Martin Hill was completed by Castellan of Kraków, Spycimir Leliwita of Leliwa coat of arms (its ruins can still be seen). Tarnów
Tarnów
remained in the hands of the Leliwa family, out of which in the 15th century the Tarnowski family
Tarnowski family
emerged. In the 14th century, numerous German settlers immigrated from Kraków
Kraków
and Nowy Sącz
Nowy Sącz
(see Walddeutsche, Ostsiedlung). During the 17th century Scottish immigrants began to come in large numbers. In 1528 the exiled King of Hungary
Hungary
János Szapolyai
János Szapolyai
lived in the town.[4] The town prospered during the Polish Golden Age, when it belonged to Hetman
Hetman
Jan Tarnowski (1488–1561). In the mid-16th century, its population was app. 1,200, with 200 houses located within town’s defensive wall (the wall itself had been built in the mid-15th century, and expanded in the early 16th century). In 1467, the waterworks and sewage systems were completed, with large cisterns filled with drinking water built in the main market square. In the 16th century, during the period known as the Polish Golden Age, Tarnów
Tarnów
had a school, a synagogue, a Calvinist prayer house, Roman Catholic churches, and up to twelve guilds. Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth[edit]

Tarnów
Tarnów
Cathedral preserved one of the most beautiful examples of renaissance and mannerist tomb monuments in the country.[5]

After the death of Jan Tarnowski
Jan Tarnowski
(16 May 1561), Italian sculptor Jan Maria Padovano began creating one of the most beautiful examples of Renaissance
Renaissance
headstones in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The monument of hetman Tarnowski is almost 14 meters tall, and stands in St. Anne Chapel, which is located in northern nave of the Tarnów Cathedral. Padovano completed his work in 1573; furthermore, he designed the Renaissance
Renaissance
town hall, and oversaw its remodeling in the 1560s. At that time, in 28 niches of the town hall were portraits of members of the Tarnowski family
Tarnowski family
- from Spicymir Leliwita to Jan Krzysztof Tarnowski, who died in 1567. In 1570 Tarnów
Tarnów
became property of the Ostrogski family, after Zofia Tarnowska, the daughter of the hetman, married prince Konstanty Wasyl Ostrogski. In 1588, after Konstanty’s death, the town changed hands several times, belonging to different families, which slowed its development. Until the Partitions of Poland, Tarnów
Tarnów
belonged to the County of Pilzno, Sandomierz Voivodeship. The town, like almost all locations of Lesser Poland, was devastated in October 1655, during the Swedish invasion of Poland, and as a result, its population declined from 2,000 to 768. In 1723, the town became property of the Sanguszko family, which purchased it from the Lubomirski family. Habsburg Empire[edit]

Tomb of General Józef Bem, national hero of Poland, Hungary
Hungary
and the former Ottoman Empire

After the first partition of Poland
Poland
(1772), Tarnów
Tarnów
was annexed by the Habsburg Empire, and remained in Austrian Galicia until late 1918. Austrian rule initially brought positive changes, as the town ceased to be private property, became the seat of a county (German: kreis), and of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Tarnów
Roman Catholic Diocese of Tarnów
(1783). On March 14, 1794, Józef Bem
Józef Bem
was born in Tarnów. In the 1830s, under the influence of events in Congress Poland
Poland
(see November Uprising), Tarnów
Tarnów
emerged as a center of Polish conspiratorial organizations. Plans for a national uprising in Galicia failed in early 1846, when local peasants began murdering the nobility in the Galician slaughter. The massacre, led by Jakub Szela
Jakub Szela
(born in Smarżowa), began on February 18, 1846. Szela’s peasant units surrounded and attacked manor houses and settlements located in three counties - Sanok, Jasło, and Tarnów. The revolt got out of hand and the Austrians
Austrians
had to put it down. Tarnów
Tarnów
went through the period of quick development in the second half of the 19th century, due to the program of construction of railway system. In 1852, the town received rail connection with Kraków, due to the Galician Railway of Archduke Charles Louis, and in 1870, its population was 21,779. In 1878, gas lighting was introduced, and three years later, first daily newspaper appeared. In 1888, the Diocese Museum was founded by Rev. Jozef Baba, and in 1910, Tarnów received modern waterworks, a power plant and a new complex of the main rail station. The city remained a hotspot of Polish conspirational activities, with up to 20% of all members of the Polish Legions in World War I coming from Tarnów
Tarnów
and its area. On November 10, 1914, units of the Russian Imperial Army
Russian Imperial Army
captured Tarnów, and remained in the city until May 6, 1915 (see Gorlice–Tarnów Offensive). In the early stages of the offensive, Tarnów
Tarnów
was shelled by German-Austrian heavy artillery, which brought destruction to some of its districts.

Market Square with historic and colourful tenements

Second Polish Republic[edit] Tarnów
Tarnów
was one of the first Polish cities to be freed during the rebirth of Poland
Poland
following World War I. The Polish Legions liberated the city on the night of October 30–31, 1918. In the Second Polish Republic, Tarnów
Tarnów
belonged to Kraków
Kraków
Voivodeship, and gave the newly established country many outstanding figures, such as Franciszek Latinik and Wincenty Witos. In early 1927, construction of a large chemical plant was initiated in the suburban village of Świerczków (pl), which is now a part of the industrial borough of Mościce, a district of the city. Before the outbreak of World War II, the population of Tarnów
Tarnów
was 40,000, of which almost half were Jewish. 1939 invasion of Poland[edit] On August 28, 1939, a Nazi saboteur conducted the Tarnów
Tarnów
rail station bomb attack killing 20 civilians, two days before the invasion of Poland
Poland
by Nazi Germany. The city was overrun by the German forces on September 7, 1939. Tarnów
Tarnów
was incorporated into the General Government territory as the seat of the Kreishauptmanschaft Tarnow district on October 26, 1939.

First transport of Polish captives deported from Tarnów
Tarnów
to Auschwitz concentration camp during German AB-Aktion in Poland, June 1940

Ludwik Solski
Ludwik Solski
Theatre

On June 14, 1940, the first mass transport left the Tarnów
Tarnów
station to Auschwitz concentration camp, with 728 Polish political prisoners. All throughout the German occupation of Poland
Poland
Tarnów
Tarnów
was an important center of the Armia Krajowa
Armia Krajowa
(AK) and other resistance organizations. In the mid-1944, AK’s 16th Infantry Regiment “Barbara” took part in Operation Tempest. The Wehrmacht
Wehrmacht
retreated from Tarnów
Tarnów
on January 18, 1945, and the city was captured by the Red Army. A few months later, the Museum of Tarnów
Tarnów
Land was opened, and Tarnów
Tarnów
began a postwar recovery. In 1957, State Theatre of Ludwik Solski
Ludwik Solski
was opened, and in 1975 Tarnów
Tarnów
became the capital of a voivodeship. The Jews
Jews
of Tarnów[edit] Before World War II, about 25,000 Jews
Jews
lived in Tarnów.[6] Jews, whose recorded presence in the town went back to the mid-15th century, comprised about half of the town's total population. A large portion of Jewish business in Tarnów
Tarnów
was devoted to garment and hat manufacturing. The Jewish community was ideologically diverse and included religious Hasidim, secular Zionists, and many more.[7] Immediately following the German occupation of the city on September 8, 1939, the persecution of the Jews
Jews
began. German units burned down most of the city's synagogues on September 9 and drafted Jews
Jews
for forced-labor projects.[6] Tarnów
Tarnów
was incorporated into the Generalgouvernement. Many Tarnów
Tarnów
Jews
Jews
fled to the east, while a large influx of refugees from elsewhere in occupied Poland
Poland
continued to increase the town's Jewish population. In early November, the Germans ordered the establishment of a Jewish council (Judenrat) to transmit orders and regulations to the Jewish community. Among the duties of the Jewish council were enforcement of special taxation on the community and providing workers for forced labor.[7] During 1941, life for the Jews
Jews
of Tarnów
Tarnów
became increasingly precarious.[6] The Germans
Germans
imposed a large collective fine on the community. Jews
Jews
were required to hand in their valuables. Roundups for labor became more frequent and killings became more commonplace and arbitrary. Deportations from Tarnów
Tarnów
began in June 1942, when about 13,500 Jews
Jews
were sent to the Belzec extermination camp. The first major act in the extermination of the Jews
Jews
of Tarnów
Tarnów
was the so-called "first operation" from 11–19 June 1942. The Germans gathered thousands of Jews
Jews
in the Rynek (market place), and then they were tortured and killed. During this time period, on the streets of the town and in the Jewish cemetery, about 3,000 Jews
Jews
were shot; in the woods of Zbylitowska Góra
Zbylitowska Góra
a few kilometers away from Tarnów
Tarnów
a further 7,000 were murdered.[8] According to a document from Michal Borawski born in 1926, featured at the entry of the Bimah as part of the panel offered by the Batorego Foundation, the street stairs ("małe schody" or little stairs) from the town-center to the Bernardynski street (where the Bernardine Monastery is located), had to be cleaned of the blood by the local fire brigade for three days.[9]

Existing remains of the old synagogue

After the June deportations, the Germans
Germans
forced the surviving Jews
Jews
of Tarnów, along with thousands of Jews
Jews
from neighboring towns, into the new Tarnów
Tarnów
Ghetto. The ghetto was surrounded by a high wooden fence. Living conditions in the ghetto were deplorable, marked by severe food shortages, a lack of sanitary facilities, and a forced-labor regimen in factories and workshops producing goods for the German war industry. In September 1942, the Germans
Germans
ordered all ghetto residents to report to Targowica Square, where they were subjected to a 'selection' in which those deemed 'non-essential' were singled out for deportation to Belzec. About 8,000 people were deported. Thereafter, deportations from Tarnów
Tarnów
to extermination camps continued sporadically; the Germans
Germans
deported a group of 2,500 in November 1942.[6] Holocaust resistance[edit] In the midst of the 1942 deportations, some Jews
Jews
in Tarnów
Tarnów
organized a Jewish resistance movement. Many of the resistance leaders were young Zionists involved in the Hashomer Hatzair
Hashomer Hatzair
youth movement. Many of those who left the ghetto to join the partisans fighting in the forests later fell in battle with SS units. Other resisters sought to establish escape routes to Hungary, but with limited success. The Germans
Germans
decided to destroy the Tarnów
Tarnów
ghetto in September 1943. The surviving 10,000 Jews
Jews
were deported, 7,000 of them to Auschwitz and 3,000 to the Plaszow concentration camp in Kraków. In late 1943, Tarnów
Tarnów
was declared "free of Jews" (Judenrein). By the end of the war, the overwhelming majority of Tarnów
Tarnów
Jews
Jews
had been murdered by the Germans. Although 700 Jews
Jews
returned in 1945, some of them soon left the city. Many moved to Israel.[6] Geography[edit] Tarnów
Tarnów
lies at the Carpathian
Carpathian
foothills, on the Dunajec
Dunajec
and the Biała rivers. The area of the city is 72.4 square kilometres (28.0 sq mi). It is divided into sixteen districts, known in Polish as osiedla. A few kilometers west of the city lies the district of Mościce, built in the late 1920s, together with a large chemical plant. The district was named after President of Poland, Ignacy Mościcki.[3] Climate[edit] Tarnów
Tarnów
is one of the warmest cities in Poland. The average temperature in January is −0.4 °C (31 °F) and 19.8 °C (68 °F) in July.[10] It is claimed that Tarnów has the longest summer in Poland
Poland
spreading from mid May to mid September (above 118 days).

Climate data for Tarnów

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 15.8 (60.4) 20.6 (69.1) 25.1 (77.2) 29.9 (85.8) 32.8 (91) 34.5 (94.1) 36.6 (97.9) 38.2 (100.8) 36.8 (98.2) 26.9 (80.4) 22.0 (71.6) 19.5 (67.1) 38.2 (100.8)

Average high °C (°F) 2.3 (36.1) 4.3 (39.7) 8.7 (47.7) 15.5 (59.9) 20.5 (68.9) 23.6 (74.5) 25.4 (77.7) 24.5 (76.1) 19.4 (66.9) 14.3 (57.7) 8.2 (46.8) 3.1 (37.6) 14.1 (57.4)

Daily mean °C (°F) −0.4 (31.3) 1.0 (33.8) 4.6 (40.3) 10.1 (50.2) 14.7 (58.5) 17.5 (63.5) 19.8 (67.6) 18.8 (65.8) 14.2 (57.6) 10.2 (50.4) 5.3 (41.5) 0.7 (33.3) 9.7 (49.5)

Average low °C (°F) −2.9 (26.8) −2.2 (28) 0.5 (32.9) 4.6 (40.3) 8.9 (48) 12.0 (53.6) 14.2 (57.6) 13.2 (55.8) 9.0 (48.2) 6.1 (43) 2.6 (36.7) −1.7 (28.9) 5.4 (41.7)

Record low °C (°F) −30.8 (−23.4) −29.9 (−21.8) −21.9 (−7.4) −8.6 (16.5) −3.0 (26.6) 0.7 (33.3) 3.8 (38.8) 1.9 (35.4) −4.9 (23.2) −8.3 (17.1) −17.1 (1.2) −25.2 (−13.4) −30.8 (−23.4)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 32 (1.26) 31 (1.22) 35 (1.38) 40 (1.57) 55 (2.17) 77 (3.03) 81 (3.19) 70 (2.76) 49 (1.93) 43 (1.69) 38 (1.5) 40 (1.57) 591 (23.27)

Average precipitation days 15 12 13 8 9 11 12 13 10 12 13 13 141

Average relative humidity (%) 85 84 80 69 64 69 70 71 73 75 79 85 75

Mean monthly sunshine hours 44 58 112 159 200 216 215 202 155 111 59 39 1,570

Source: [1] [2] [3]

Economy[edit]

Grupa Azoty
Grupa Azoty
headquarters in Tarnów's industrial district Mościce

Tarnów
Tarnów
is an important center of economy and industry. The city has chemical plants including Zakłady Azotowe w Tarnowie-Mościcach S.A., which is part of Poland's biggest company operating within the chemical sector Grupa Azoty, Becker Farby Przemysłowe Sp. z o.o., Summit Packaging Polska Sp. z o.o.; as well as food plants (Fritar), building materials (Leier Polska S.A., Bruk-Bet), textiles (Spółdzielnia "Tarnowska Odzież, Tarnospin, Tarkonfex"), and several warehouses, as well as a distribution center of the Lidl supermarket chain. Tarnów
Tarnów
is an important center of natural gas industry, with headquarters of three different gas corporations.[3] Another significant company based in Tarnów
Tarnów
is the Zakłady Mechaniczne Tarnów
Tarnów
operating in the defence industry. It manufactures handguns, assault rifles, sniper rifles and anti-air guns. It is part of the state-controlled Bumar Corporation. Among the major shopping malls in Tarnów
Tarnów
are the Gemini Park Tarnów and Galeria Tarnovia. Transport[edit]

Railway station in Tarnów

Tarnów
Tarnów
is an important road and rail hub. It lies at the intersection of two major roads - the motorway along European route E40, and the National Road nr. 73, which goes from Kielce
Kielce
to Jasło. Furthermore, the city is a rail junction, with four lines: three main electrified routes (westward to Kraków, eastward to Dębica
Dębica
and southward to Nowy Sącz), as well as secondary-importance local connection to Szczucin. The history of rail transport in Tarnów
Tarnów
dates back to the year 1856, when the Galician Railway of Archduke Charles Louis
Galician Railway of Archduke Charles Louis
reached the city. The architectural complex of Tarnów
Tarnów
Main Station, fashioned after the Lviv
Lviv
railway station was completed in 1906 by the Austrian Partition. Since 2010, Tarnów
Tarnów
station houses a gallery of modern art, the only such gallery located in a rail station in Poland. Tarnów
Tarnów
also has three additional stations: Tarnów
Tarnów
Mościce, as well as Tarnów Północny and Tarnów
Tarnów
Klikowa, both of which are currently out of service. The city's public transport system consists of 29 municipal bus routes, which provide convenient transportation to all districts. In 1911-1942 Tarnów
Tarnów
had a tram line, with the length of 2.5 kilometres, since replaced by buses.[3] Politics[edit] Members of Parliament (Sejm) elected from Tarnów
Tarnów
constituency in 2005 included: Urszula Augustyn, PO, Edward Czesak, PiS, Aleksander Grad, PO, Barbara Marianowska, PiS, Józef Rojek, PiS, Wiesław Woda, PSL and Michał Wojtkiewicz, PiS. Member of the European Parliament elected in 2007 was Urszula Gacek, PO, EPP-ED. Attractions[edit]

Panorama of the Old Town in Tarnów

Points of interest around the city include:

Market Square in the Old Town, with medieval urban layout of streets and tenement houses, some from the Renaissance
Renaissance
period, 14th century Town Hall, Mikolajowski House (1524), the oldest tenement house in Tarnow, Ruins of the Tarnowski family
Tarnowski family
castle, Remains of the Old Synagogue, Remains of the 14th - 16th century defensive wall, 16th century two fortified towers, Bernadine Abbey complex, Late 16th century Florecki House, 18th and 19th century manor houses in the suburbs, Jewish Cemetery, founded in 1583, Old Cemetery (late 18th century), Sanguszko Palace at Gumniska, Rail Station (1855), City Park (1866), Mausoleum
Mausoleum
of Józef Bem, Roman Catholic churches, such as the Tarnów
Tarnów
Cathedral (14th century, renovated in 1889-1900), and Holy Trinity church (16th century).

Education[edit]

Małopolska Wyższa Szkoła Ekonomiczna Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Zawodowa in Tarnów Wyższa Szkoła Biznesu John Paul II High School in Tarnów

Sports[edit]

Unia Tarnów - speedway team, championship of Poland
Poland
in 2004, 2005 and 2012. Sponsored by Mościce Nitrate Factory. Also called Jaskółki (Swallows) ZKS Unia Tarnów - Zakładowy Klub Sportowy Unia Tarnów (Workplace Sports Club United Tarnów) - Soccer
Soccer
team, currently in the I League in the Polska Liga 2005/2006 season. Tarnovia Tarnów
Tarnovia Tarnów
- Soccer
Soccer
team, also in II League in the Polska Liga 2005/2006 season. Unia Wisła Paged Tarnów - men's basketball team, 6th in Era Basket Liga in 2003/2004 season.

Religion[edit]

Gothic Revival
Gothic Revival
Church of the Holy Family

Besides Catholics other Christian denominations are also present in Tarnów
Tarnów
including: Baptist Church, Free Brothers Church, Jehovah's Witnesses, Methodist Church, Pentecostal Church, Seventh-day Adventist Church and the non-denominational Evangelical Movement "The Lord is my Banner". Before World War II
World War II
there was a large population of Jews comprising half of the city's population, but now there remain just monuments of their past presence. According to 2007 Catholic Church statistics provided by the Instytut Statystyki Kościoła Katolickiego SAC, Tarnów
Tarnów
is the most religious city in Poland, with 72.5% of the congregation of the Diocese of Tarnów
Tarnów
attending Mass weekly. However, as noted by the Institute director, Father Witold Zdaniewicz, the church teachings are not being followed in the area of intimacy.[11] International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Poland Twin towns — Sister cities[edit] Tarnów
Tarnów
is twinned with:[12]

Trenčín
Trenčín
in Slovakia Kiskőrös
Kiskőrös
in Hungary[13] Schoten
Schoten
in Belgium Blackburn
Blackburn
in United Kingdom Casalmaggiore
Casalmaggiore
in Italy Veszprém
Veszprém
in Hungary Nowy Sącz
Nowy Sącz
in Poland
Poland
[14] Kotlas
Kotlas
in Russia Ternopil
Ternopil
in Ukraine Bila Tserkva
Bila Tserkva
in Ukraine Vinnytsia
Vinnytsia
in Ukraine

Notable residents[edit] See also: Category:People from Tarnów.

Józef Bem
Józef Bem
(1794–1850), general Thomas Bosco-Cwiok (born 1989), professional golfer Roman Brandstaetter (1906–1987), writer Józef Cyrankiewicz
Józef Cyrankiewicz
(1911–1989), Prime Minister of Poland Charles Denner (1926–1995), French actor Jacek Dukaj
Jacek Dukaj
(born 1974), writer Ignace J(ay). Gelb (1907–1985), Polish-American ancient historian, Assyriologist Allan Gray (born Josef Żmigród, 1902–1973), composer Michał Heller
Michał Heller
(born 1936), philosopher Rabbi Löb Judah ben Isaac[15] Bartosz Kapustka (born 1996), footballer Józef Kapustka (born 1969), pianist Naphtali Keller (1834–1865), Jewish scholar; son of Israel
Israel
Mendel Keller [16] Leon Kellner (1859–?), Jewish scholar[16] Mateusz Klich
Mateusz Klich
(born 1990), footballer Tadeusz Klimecki
Tadeusz Klimecki
(1895–1943), Chief of Polish General Staff José Krakover (es) (1883–1957), Argentinian Jewish Photographer Andrzej Krasicki (1918–1995), film and theatre actor and theatre director Krystyna Kuperberg
Krystyna Kuperberg
(born 1944), mathematician Siegfried Lipiner (1856–1911), Galician-Austrian Jewish poet[17] Agata Mróz-Olszewska
Agata Mróz-Olszewska
(1982–2008), volleyball player and two-time European Champion Anny Ondra
Anny Ondra
(1903–1987), Czech movie star Stanisław Opałko (pl) (1911–1993), industrialist and politician Joseph Öttinger (1818–1895), Galician-Jewish physician[18] Tony Rickardsson
Tony Rickardsson
(born 1970), motorcycle speedway rider, honorable resident (since June 22, 2006) Eustachy Stanisław Sanguszko
Eustachy Stanisław Sanguszko
(1842–1903), nobleman, conservative politician Wilhelm Sasnal
Wilhelm Sasnal
(born 1972), painter Jan Szczepanik
Jan Szczepanik
(1872–1926), inventor Jan Tarnowski
Jan Tarnowski
(1488–1561), nobleman and Hetman Jan of Tarnów
Jan of Tarnów
(c.1349-1409) Jan of Tarnów
Jan of Tarnów
(1367–1433) Rafał z Tarnowa (c. 1330-1373) Rabbi Marcus Weissmann-Chajes (1830–1914), Jewish scholar[19] Rabbi Salo Wittmayer Baron
Salo Wittmayer Baron
(1895–1989), Jewish historian Franciszek Zachara
Franciszek Zachara
(1898–1966), composer and pianist

Notes[edit]

^ Gzyl, Krzysztof. " Tarnów
Tarnów
/ Worth seeing / Tarnow and region - Tourist Information - Polski Biegun Ciepła * Polish Hot-Spot". www.it.tarnow.pl. Retrieved 9 November 2017.  ^ Gzyl, Krzysztof. " Tarnów
Tarnów
- the warmest place in Poland
Poland
/ Did you know that...? / Worth seeing / Tarnow and region - Tourist Information - Polski Biegun Ciepła * Polish Hot-Spot". www.it.tarnow.pl. Retrieved 9 November 2017.  ^ a b c d e Gmina Miasta Tarnowa. "Kalendarium miasta Tarnowa". Retrieved 2016-04-01.  ^ Zdzisław Spieralski, Jan Tarnowski
Jan Tarnowski
1488-1561, Warszawa 1977, pp. 124–125. ^ (in English) "Volume 24". The Penny cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. C. Knight. 1842. p. 66.  ^ a b c d e "Tarnow". Ushmm.org. OTRS
OTRS
Ticket. Retrieved 2013-04-24.  ^ a b Jewish Community in Tarnów
Tarnów
on Virtual Shtetl, the Museum of the History of Polish Jews
Jews
in Warsaw. ^ Adam Bartosz, In the footsteps of the Jews
Jews
of Tarnów, 2007 Archived 2 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Batorego Foundation english homepage". Batory.org.pl. Retrieved 2013-04-24.  ^ "TARNW, Weather History and Climate Data". Worldclimate.com. 2007-02-04. Retrieved 2009-05-06.  ^ Art-4.net. "Tygodnik Katolicki - Gość Niedzielny - Wydanie Internetowe". Goscniedzielny.wiara.pl. Retrieved 2009-05-06.  ^ "Miasta Partnerskie". Retrieved 1 May 2014.  ^ "Testvértelepülések". Retrieved 30 April 2014.  ^ "Miasta partnerskie i zaprzyjaźnione Nowego Sącza". Urząd Miasta Nowego Sącza (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2013-05-23. Retrieved 2013-08-01.  ^ "Löb Judah B. Isaac". JewishEncyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2013-04-24.  ^ a b "Kellner, Leon". JewishEncyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2013-04-24.  ^ "Lipiner, Siegfried". JewishEncyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2013-04-24.  ^ "Öttinger, Joseph". JewishEncyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2013-04-24.  ^ "Weissmann-Chajes, Marcus". JewishEncyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2013-04-24. 

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References[edit]

This article incorporates text from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, and has been released under the GFDL
GFDL
as "Tarnow".  OTRS
OTRS
ticket number. City of Tarnów
Tarnów
English version of Tarnów's official webpage.

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Counties of Lesser Poland
Poland
Voivodeship

City counties

Kraków
Kraków
(capital) Nowy Sącz Tarnów

Land counties

Bochnia Brzesko Chrzanów Dąbrowa Gorlice Kraków Limanowa Miechów Myślenice Nowy Sącz Nowy Targ Olkusz Oświęcim Proszowice Sucha Tarnów Tatra Wadowice Wieliczka

v t e

Tarnów
Tarnów
County

Seat (not part of the county): Tarnów

Urban-rural gminas

Gmina Ciężkowice Gmina Radłów Gmina Ryglice Gmina Tuchów Gmina Wojnicz Gmina Żabno Gmina Zakliczyn

Rural gminas

Gmina Gromnik Gmina Lisia Góra Gmina Pleśna Gmina Rzepiennik Strzyżewski Gmina Skrzyszów Gmina Szerzyny Gmina Tarnów Gmina Wierzchosławice Gmina Wietrzychowice

Coordinates: 50°00′45″N 20°59′19″E / 50.01250°N 20.98861°E / 50.01250; 20.98861

Authority control

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