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The Targa Florio
Targa Florio
was an open road endurance automobile race held in the mountains of Sicily
Sicily
near the island's capital of Palermo. Founded in 1906, it was the oldest sports car racing event, part of the World Sportscar Championship between 1955 and 1973. While the first races consisted of a whole tour of the island, the track length in the race's last decades was limited to the 72 kilometres (45 mi) of the Circuito Piccolo delle Madonie, which was lapped 11 times. After 1973, it was a national sports car event until it was discontinued in 1977 due to safety concerns. It has since been run as a rallying event, and is part of the Italian Rally Championship.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Course variants 1.2 Lap speeds 1.3 1970s, Safety and demise

2 Legacy 3 Winners

3.1 Wins by make

4 See also 5 Further reading 6 References 7 External links

History[edit]

Vincenzo Trucco, winner of the 1908 Targa Florio
Targa Florio
driving an Isotta Fraschini

Vincenzo Lancia
Vincenzo Lancia
driving a Fiat
Fiat
50 hp in 1908 Targa Florio, finished 2nd.

The race was created in 1906 by the wealthy pioneer race driver and automobile enthusiast, Vincenzo Florio, who had started the Coppa Florio race in Brescia, Lombardy
Lombardy
in 1900. One of the toughest competitions in Europe, the first Targa Florio covered 3 laps equalling 277 miles (446 km) through multiple hairpin curves on treacherous mountain roads, at heights where severe changes in climate frequently occurred. Alessandro Cagno
Alessandro Cagno
won the inaugural 1906 race in nine hours, averaging 30 miles per hour (50 km/h). By the mid-1920s, the Targa Florio
Targa Florio
had become one of Europe's most important races, as neither the 24 Hours of Le Mans
24 Hours of Le Mans
nor the Mille Miglia had been established yet. Grand Prix races were still isolated events, not a series like today's F1. The wins of Mercedes (not yet merged with Benz) in the 1920s made a big impression in Germany, especially that of German Christian Werner in 1924, as he was the first non-Italian winner since 1920. Rudolf Caracciola repeated a similar upset win at the Mille Miglia
Mille Miglia
a couple of years later. In 1926, Eliska Junkova, one of the great female drivers in Grand Prix motor racing
Grand Prix motor racing
history, became the first woman to ever compete in the race. In 1953, the FIA
FIA
World Sportscar Championship
World Sportscar Championship
was introduced. The Targa became part of it in 1955, when Mercedes had to win 1-2 with the Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR
Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR
in order to beat Ferrari
Ferrari
for the title. They had missed the first two of the 6 events, Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
and the 12 Hours of Sebring, where Ferrari, Jaguar, Maserati
Maserati
and Porsche
Porsche
scored. Mercedes appeared at and won in the Mille Miglia, then pulled out of Le Mans
Le Mans
as a sign of respect for the victims of the 1955 Le Mans
Le Mans
disaster, but won the Tourist Trophy at Dundrod. Stirling Moss/Peter Collins and Juan Manuel Fangio/ Karl Kling
Karl Kling
finished minutes ahead of the best Ferrari
Ferrari
and secured the title. Course variants[edit] Several versions of the track were used. It started with a single lap of a 148 km (92 mi) circuit from 1906-1911 and 1931. From 1912 to 1914 a tour around the perimeter of Sicily
Sicily
was used, with a single lap of 975 kilometres (606 mi), lengthened to 1,080 kilometres (670 mi) from 1948 to 1950. The 148 km "Grande" circuit was then shortened twice, the first time to 108 km (67 mi), the version used from 1919-1930, and then to the 72 km (45 mi) circuit used from 1932 to 1936 and 1951 to 1977. From 1951-1958, the long coastal island tour variant was used for a separate event called the Giro di Sicilia (Lap of Sicily). The start and finish took place at Cerda. The counter-clockwise lap lead from Caltavuturo
Caltavuturo
and Collesano
Collesano
from an altitude over 600 metres (1,970 ft) down to sea level, where the cars raced from Campofelice di Roccella
Campofelice di Roccella
on the Buonfornello straight along the coast, a straight over 6 km (3.7 mi) longer than the Mulsanne Straight at the Circuit de la Sarthe
Circuit de la Sarthe
in Le Mans. The longest version of the circuit went south through Caltavuturo
Caltavuturo
(whereas the shortest version of the open-road circuit went east just before entry into Caltavuturo, through a mountainous section directly to Collesano) through an extended route through elevation changes, and swept through the nearby towns of Castellana and Sottana, twisting around mountains up to the town of Castelbuono and rejoined the most recent version of the track at Collesano. The second version of the track also went south through Caltavuturo
Caltavuturo
and took a shortcut starting right before Castellana to Collesano
Collesano
via the town of Polizzi Generosa. There was a closed circuit called Favorita Park used from 1937-1940. The challenge of the Targa was unprecedented in its difficulty and the driving experience of any of the course variants was unlike any other circuit in the world other than perhaps that of the Nurburgring in Germany. The original Grande 148 km (92 mi) circuit had in the realm of 2,000 corners per lap, the 108 km (67 mi) Medio had about 1,300-1,400 corners per lap and the final iteration of the course, the 72 km (45 mi) Piccolo circuit had about 800-900 corners per lap. To put that in perspective, most purpose built circuits have between 12 and 18 corners, and the longest purpose built circuit in the world, the 13-mile Nurburgring, has about 180 corners. So learning any of the Targa Florio
Targa Florio
courses was extremely difficult and required, like most long circuits, at least 60 laps to learn the course- and unlike the purpose-built Nurburgring, the course had to be learned properly in public traffic, and one lap would take about an hour to do in a road car- if there was little to no traffic. Lap speeds[edit] Like a rally event (and the Isle of Man TT), the race cars were started one by one every 15 seconds for a time trial, as a start from a full grid was not possible on the tight and twisty roads. Although the public road circuit used for the Targa was extremely challenging- it was a very different kind of circuit and race from any other race on the sportscar calendar. All of the circuit variations of the Targa had so many corners that lap speeds at the Targa never went higher than 80 mph (128 km/h). Helmut Marko
Helmut Marko
set the lap record in 1972 in an Alfa Romeo
Alfa Romeo
33TT3 at 33 min 41 s at an average of 128.253 km/h (79.693 mph) during an epic charge where he made up 2 minutes on Arturo Merzario
Arturo Merzario
and his Ferrari
Ferrari
312PB.[1] The fastest ever was Leo Kinnunen
Leo Kinnunen
in 1970, lapping in the Porsche
Porsche
908/3 at 128.571 km/h (79.890 mph) or 33 min 36 seconds flat.[2] Due to the track's length, drivers practised in the week before the race in public traffic, often with their race cars fitted with license plates. Porsche
Porsche
factory drivers even had to watch onboard videos, a sickening experience for some. The lap record for the 146 km "Grande" circuit was 2 hours 3 min 54.8 seconds set by Achille Varzi in a Bugatti
Bugatti
Type 51 at the 1931 race at an average speed of 70.7 km/h (43.931 mph).[3] The lap record for the 108 km "Medio" circuit was 1 hour 21 min 21.6 seconds set by Varzi in an Alfa Romeo P2
Alfa Romeo P2
at an average speed of 79.642 km/h (49.487 mph) at the 1930 race.[4] The fastest completion around the short version of the island tour was done by Giovanni "Ernesto" Ceirano in a SCAT at the 1914 race, completed in 16 hours, 51 minutes and 31.6 seconds from May 24–25, 1914.[5] The fastest completion of the long version of the island tour was by Mario and Franco Bornigia in an Alfa Romeo 6C
Alfa Romeo 6C
2500 Competizione, completed in 12 hours, 26 minutes and 33 seconds flat at the 1950 race at an average speed of 86.794 km/h (53.931 mph).[6] 1970s, Safety and demise[edit] In the late 1960s and early 1970s, race cars with up to 600 hp (450 kW) such as Nino Vaccarella's Ferrari
Ferrari
512S raced through small mountain villages while spectators sat or stood right next to, or even on, the road. Porsche, on the other hand, did not race its big Porsche
Porsche
917, but rather the nimble Porsche
Porsche
908/03 Spyders. Due to safety concerns, especially by Helmut Marko, who called the race "totally insane", the last Targa Florio
Targa Florio
as a World Sportscar Championship race was run in 1973; where during this event it became impossible to retain its international status after a number of horrendous and 2 fatal accidents at the event; one which privateer Charles Blyth crashed his Lancia Fulvia
Lancia Fulvia
HF into a trailer at the end of the Buonfornello straight and was killed; and another where an Italian driver crashed his Alpine-Renault into a group of spectators, killing one. There were several other accidents during practice for the 1973 event in which a total of seven spectators sustained injuries. In that year, even a Porsche
Porsche
911 won as the prototypes such as Jacky Ickx's Ferrari
Ferrari
suffered crashes or other troubles. Another reason for the Targa's international demise was because international automotive governing body, the FIA, mandated safety walls on all circuits that were going to hold FIA-mandated events; and the 44-mile (71 km) length of combined public roads made this simply impossible and totally impractical, especially from a financial standpoint. The Targa was continued as a national event for some years, before a crash in 1977 which killed 2 spectators and seriously injured 5 others (including the driver) sealed its fate. The 1977 race was forcibly taken over by local police and was stopped on the 4th lap, and it also saw 2 other drivers having serious accidents; one of them was critically injured, but survived. Although the Targa Florio
Targa Florio
was a rally-type race that took place on closed-off Sicilian public mountain roads with (aside from straw bales and weak guardrails at some of the turns, the latter were installed by the island's government) practically no safety features, only 9 people- including spectators- died at the event over the 71 year and 61 race history using a total of 6 circuit configurations. This amount is relatively small compared to other open road races, like the Mille Miglia, where over a period of 30 years and 24 races, 56 people lost their lives and the Carrera Panamericana, where over a period of 5 years and 5 races, 25 people were killed. This is probably due to the fact that the mountain roads were extremely twisty and average lap speeds never reached even 80 mph (130 km/h) even up to the final years of the race's history, even with the very long straight at the northernmost of the track. Legacy[edit] After winning the race several times, Porsche
Porsche
named the hardtop convertible version of the 911 after the Targa. The name targa means plaque or plate, see targa top. The Australian-made Leyland P76
Leyland P76
had a special version named Targa Florio to commemorate victory by journalist-rallyist Evan Green on a Special
Special
Stage of the 1974 London-Sahara-Munich World Cup Rally which was held on the Targa Florio
Targa Florio
course.[7] Since 1992 the event has lent its name to a modern recreation, staged half-a-world away in the form of the famous road rally Targa Tasmania held on the island state of Tasmania, off the Southern coast of Australia. There are also the Targa New Zealand
Targa New Zealand
since 1995, and the Targa Newfoundland
Targa Newfoundland
since 2002. 2017 will celebrate the 101st Anniversary of the Targa Florio
Targa Florio
and the first time the event has left Italy. This is an amazing attraction for Victoria, Australia
Australia
and all car enthusiasts. The event, tours Victoria’s coast and countryside from November 29th to December 3rd and features over 150 of the world’s most admirable cars and is expected to attract fans, celebrities and media from across the globe. The Targa Florio
Targa Florio
Australian Tribute (TFAT - https://www.targaflorioaustralia.com/) is a regularity event for classic cars produced in the years between 1906 and 1976. Cars competed over 4 days on Victoria’s open roads at regulated speed. As part of the event there were 56 trials across the 4 days. The inaugural event was a huge success and will be repeated in 2018. The Targa Florio
Targa Florio
Australian Tribute 2018 will be held in Victoria Australia, from November 28 to December 2, 2018. Winners[edit] [8]

Jean Porporato
Jean Porporato
finishing fourth at the 1908 race with Berliet.

Alfa Romeo RL
Alfa Romeo RL
TF - winner in 1923.

Albert Divo
Albert Divo
at the 1929 Targa Florio
Targa Florio
with Bugatti
Bugatti
Type 35C.

Alfa Romeo 8C
Alfa Romeo 8C
winner in 1931, 1932 and 1933.

Maserati
Maserati
6CM - winner in 1937-1939

Ferrari
Ferrari
166MM Barchetta, similar to 1948 winner driven by Clemente Biondetti and Igor Troubetzkoy

Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR
Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR
similar to the 1955 winner driven by Stirling Moss and Peter Collins

Porsche
Porsche
904 similar to 1964 winner of Colin Davis and Antonio Pucci

Targa Florio
Targa Florio
1965, Collesano

Porsche
Porsche
908/3 similar to the one driven by Jo Siffert
Jo Siffert
and Brian Redman in 1970

Porsche
Porsche
911 Carrera RSR driven by Herbert Müller and Gijs van Lennep in 1973

Lancia
Lancia
Stratos Turbo

Year Winner Car Time Distance (km) Speed (km/h) Laps Course Variant

1906 Alessandro Cagno Itala
Itala
35/40 HP 9:32:22 446.469 46.80 3 Grande Circuit (146 km)

1907 Felice Nazzaro Fiat
Fiat
28/40 HP 8:17:36 446.469 53.83 3

1908 Vincenzo Trucco Isotta Fraschini
Isotta Fraschini
50 HP 7:49:26 446.469 57.06 3

1909 Francesco Ciuppa S.P.A. 28/40 HP 2:43:19 148.823 54.67 1

1910 Franco Tullio Cariolato Franco Automobili 35/50 HP 6:20:47 297.646 46.90 2

1911 Giovanni "Ernesto" Ceirano SCAT 22/32 HP 9:32:22[citation needed] 446.469 46.80 3

1912 Cyril Snipe SCAT 25/35 HP 24:37:19 979.000 41.44 1 Island Tour (short) (979 km)

1913 Felice Nazzaro Nazzaro
Nazzaro
Tipo 2 19:18:40 979.000 50.70 1

1914 Giovanni "Ernesto" Ceirano SCAT 22/32 16:51:31 979.000 58.07 1

1919 André Boillot Peugeot
Peugeot
EXS 7:51:01.8 432 55 4 Media Circuit (108 km)

1920 Guido Meregalli Nazzaro
Nazzaro
GP 8:27:23.8 432 50.924 4

1921 Giulio Masetti Fiat
Fiat
451 7:25:05.2 432 58.236 4

1922 Giulio Masetti Mercedes GP/14 6:50:50.2 432 63.091 4

1923 Ugo Sivocci Alfa Romeo RL
Alfa Romeo RL
Targa Florio 7:18:00.2 432 59.177 4

1924 Christian Werner Mercedes Tipo Indy 2,0 6:32:37.4 432 66.010 4

1925 Bartolomeo Costantini Bugatti
Bugatti
T35 7:32:27.2 540 71.609 5

1926 Bartolomeo Costantini Bugatti
Bugatti
T35T 7:20:45.0 540 73.507 5

1927 Emilio Materassi Bugatti
Bugatti
T35C 7:35:55.4 540 71.065 5

1928 Albert Divo Bugatti
Bugatti
T35B 7:20:56.6 540 73.478 5

1929 Albert Divo Bugatti
Bugatti
T35C 7:15:41.7 540 74.366 5

1930 Achille Varzi Alfa Romeo
Alfa Romeo
P2 6:55:16.6 540 78.010 5

1931 Tazio Nuvolari Alfa Romeo
Alfa Romeo
8C-2300 Monza 9:00:27.0 584 64.834 4 Grande Circuit (146 km)

1932 Tazio Nuvolari Alfa Romeo
Alfa Romeo
8C-2300 Monza 7:15:50.6 574 79.296 8 Piccolo Circuit (72 km)

1933 Antonio Brivio Alfa Romeo
Alfa Romeo
8C-2300 Monza 6:35:03.0 504 76.729 7

1934 Achille Varzi Alfa Romeo
Alfa Romeo
Tipo-B P3 6:14:26.8 432 69.222 6

1935 Antonio Brivio Alfa Romeo
Alfa Romeo
Tipo-B P3 5:27:29.0 432 80.010 6

1936 Constantino Magistri Lancia
Lancia
Augusta 2:08:47.2 144 67.088 2

1937 Giulio Severi Maserati
Maserati
6CM 2:55'49.0 315.6 107.704 60 Favorita Park (5.26 km)

1938 Giovanni Rocco Maserati
Maserati
6CM 1:30'04.6 171.6 114.303 30

1939 Luigi Villoresi Maserati
Maserati
6CM 1:40.15.4 228 136.445 40

1940 Luigi Villoresi Maserati
Maserati
4CL 1:36.08.6 228 142.288 40

1948 Clemente Biondetti Igor Troubetzkoy Ferrari
Ferrari
166 12:12'00.0 1080 88.866 1 Island Tour (long) (1080 km)

1949 Clemente Biondetti Aldo Benedetti Ferrari
Ferrari
166 SC 13:15.09.4 1080 81.494 1

1950 Mario Bornigia Giancarlo Bornigia Alfa Romeo 6C
Alfa Romeo 6C
2500 Competizione 12:26.33.0 1080 86.794 1

1951 Franco Cortese Frazer Nash 7:31.04.8 576 76.631 8 Piccolo Circuit (72 km)

1952 Felice Bonetto Lancia Aurelia
Lancia Aurelia
B20 7:11.58.0 576 76.631 8

1953 Umberto Maglioli Lancia
Lancia
D20 3000 7:08.35.8 576 80.635 8

1954 Piero Taruffi Lancia
Lancia
D24 6:24.18.0 576 89.930 8

1955 Stirling Moss Peter Collins Mercedes-Benz
Mercedes-Benz
300 SLR 9:43.14.0 936 96.290 13 Piccolo Circuit (72 km)

1956 Umberto Maglioli Huschke von Hanstein Porsche
Porsche
550 7:54.52.6 720 90.770 10

1957 Fabio Colona Fiat
Fiat
600 - 359 - 5

1958 Luigi Musso Olivier Gendebien Ferrari
Ferrari
250 TR 58 10:37.58.1 1008 94.801 14

1959 Edgar Barth Wolfgang Seidel Porsche
Porsche
718 RSK 11:02.21.8 1008 91.309 14

1960 Jo Bonnier Hans Herrmann Porsche
Porsche
718 RS 60 7:33.08.2 720 95.320 10

1961 Wolfgang von Trips Olivier Gendebien Ferrari
Ferrari
Dino 246 SP 6:57.39.4 720 103.433 10

1962 Willy Mairesse Ricardo Rodriguez Olivier Gendebien Ferrari
Ferrari
Dino 246 SP 7:02'56.3 720 102.143 10

1963 Jo Bonnier Carlo Maria Abate Porsche
Porsche
718 GTR 6:55.45.1 720 109.908 10

1964 Colin Davis Antonio Pucci Porsche
Porsche
904 GTS 7:10.53.3 720 100.258 10

1965 Nino Vaccarella Lorenzo Bandini Ferrari
Ferrari
275 P2 7:01:12.4 720 102.563 10

1966 Willy Mairesse Herbert Müller Porsche
Porsche
Carrera 6[9] 7:16:32.6 720 98.910 10

1967 Paul Hawkins Rolf Stommelen Porsche
Porsche
910 [10] 6:37.01.0 720 108.812 10

1968 Vic Elford Umberto Maglioli Porsche
Porsche
907 6:28:47.9 720 111.112 10

1969 Gerhard Mitter Udo Schütz Porsche
Porsche
908/2 6:07:45.3 720 117.469 10

1970 Jo Siffert Brian Redman Porsche
Porsche
908/3[11] 6:35.30.0 792 120.152 11

1971 Nino Vaccarella Toine Hezemans Alfa Romeo
Alfa Romeo
33/3 6:35:46.2 792 120.070 11

1972 Arturo Merzario Sandro Munari Ferrari
Ferrari
312PB 6:27:48.0 792 122.537 11

1973 Herbert Müller Gijs van Lennep Porsche
Porsche
911 Carrera RSR [12] 6:54:20.1 792 114.691 11

1974 Gérard Larrousse Amilcare Ballestrieri Lancia
Lancia
Stratos [13] 4:35:02.6 576 114.883 8 Piccolo Circuit (72 km)

1975 Nino Vaccarella Arturo Merzario Alfa Romeo
Alfa Romeo
33TT12 [14] 4:59:16.7 576 120.895 8

1976 "Amphicar"* Armando Floridia Osella
Osella
PA4-BMW [15] 5:43:46.0 576 99.090 8

1977 Raffaele Restivo Alfonso Merendino Chevron B36-BMW [15] 2:41:17.0 288 107.140 4

"Amphicar"'s actual name was Eugenio Renna.

Races between 1955 and 1973 were part of the World Championship, with the 1957 race not a race but a regularity test, following the Mille Miglia accident. Wins by make[edit]

Porsche
Porsche
910 2.0 coupé driven by Umberto Maglioli and Udo Schütz
Udo Schütz
in 1967.

Alfa Romeo RL
Alfa Romeo RL
Targa Florio

Ferrari
Ferrari
275 P2

1927- Bugatti
Bugatti
T35c driven by Materassi

Maserati
Maserati
26MM driven by Luigi Fagioli in 1928

The list below includes all car manufacturers who have attained a podium. The table does not include the results of the 1957 edition, which was held as a regularity race.

Pos. Brand 1st place 2nd place 3rd place Fastest laps

1 Porsche 11 9 12 8

2 Alfa Romeo 10 13 7 10

3 Ferrari 7 6 4 7

4 Lancia 5 7 5 4

5 Bugatti 5 4 5 6

6 Maserati 4 6 9 4

7 Mercedes-Benz 3 2 1 4

8 SCAT 3 0 0 0

9 Fiat 2 3 3 2

10 Nazzaro 2 0 0 0

11 Itala 1 2 1 1

12 Osella 1 1 1 2

13 Peugeot 1 1 1 1

14 Chevron 1 1 0 0

15 Società Piemontese Automobili S.P.A. 1 0 1 1

16 Franco 1 0 0 1

17 Isotta Fraschini 1 0 0 0

17 Frazer-Nash 1 0 0 0

19 Ballot 0 1 1 0

19 Cisitalia 0 1 1 0

19 De Vecchi 0 1 1 0

22 Osca 0 1 0 1

23 Aquila Italiana 0 1 0 0

23 Sigma 0 1 0 0

25 Lola 0 0 1 1

26 Abarth 0 0 1 0

26 Alfa-Maserati-Prete 0 0 1 0

26 Berliet 0 0 1 0

26 Darracq 0 0 1 0

26 Diatto 0 0 1 0

26 Steyr 0 0 1 0

32 Aston Martin 0 0 0 1

See also[edit]

List of automobile races in Italy Targa Florio
Targa Florio
Rally

Further reading[edit]

Clarke, R M, ed. (1999). Targa Florio: The Ferrari
Ferrari
& Lancia
Lancia
Years, 1948-1954. Cobham, Surrey, UK: Brooklands Books. ISBN 1855204983.  Clarke, R M, ed. (1999). Targa Florio: The Porsche
Porsche
& Ferrari Years, 1955-1964. Cobham, Surrey, UK: Brooklands Books. ISBN 1855204878.  Clarke, R M, ed. (1999). Targa Florio: The Porsche
Porsche
Years, 1965-1973. Cobham, Surrey, UK: Brooklands Books. ISBN 1855204886.  Valenza, Giuseppe (2007). Targa Florio
Targa Florio
Il Mito: Legenda Editore (Italy). ISBN 9788888165172.

References[edit]

^ "56th Targa Florio
Targa Florio
1972". formula2.net. Retrieved 2008-07-13.  ^ "Leo Kinnunen". forix.autosport.com. Retrieved 2008-07-13.  ^ " Targa Florio
Targa Florio
1931". Formula2.net. 2001-08-26. Retrieved 2011-10-18.  ^ " Targa Florio
Targa Florio
1930". Formula2.net. Retrieved 2011-10-18.  ^ "1914 Targa Florio
Targa Florio
- The AUTOSPORT Bulletin Board". Forums.autosport.com. Retrieved 2011-10-18.  ^ " Targa Florio
Targa Florio
1950". Formula2.net. Retrieved 2011-10-18.  ^ "The Leyland P76
Leyland P76
a brief history". Themotorreport.com.au. 2008-06-09. Retrieved 2011-05-12.  ^ "F2 Register - Index". Formula2.net. Retrieved 2011-10-18.  ^ "Race report". Imca-slotracing.com. Retrieved 2011-05-12.  ^ "Race report". Imca-slotracing.com. Retrieved 2011-05-12.  ^ Race report 54th TARGA FLORIO ^ Race report TARGA FLORIO (ROUND #6) ^ "World Sports Racing Prototypes - Non Championship Races 1974". Wsrp.ic.cz. Retrieved 2013-01-05.  ^ "World Sports Racing Prototypes - Non Championship Races 1975". Wsrp.ic.cz. Retrieved 2013-01-05.  ^ a b "World Sports Racing Prototypes - Non Championship Races 1976". Wsrp.ic.cz. Retrieved 2013-01-05. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Targa Florio.

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History Targappassionati

Results, reports, photos etc. Track maps Fast laps

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memorabilia Museo Biblioteca Vincenzo Florio
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- www.targaflorio-1906-1977.it http://www.targapedia.com The full Targa Florio
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for GrandPrix Legends http://www.amicidellatargaflorio.com Le Auto. Targa Florio, 1906 1977, Gallery of winners. Sport-auto. Gallery of competitors 1906-1977 a sicilian dream History of the Targa Florio

Coordinates: 37°56′52″N 13°47′10″E / 37.94778°N 13.78611°E / 37.94778; 13.78611

v t e

World Sportscar Championship
World Sportscar Championship
circuits (1953–1992)

Africa

Kyalami

Asia

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Australia

Sandown

Europe

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North America

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Hillclimbs

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