1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers
> 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes
(e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Tarbes (French pronunciation: [taʁb]; Occitan: Tarba) is a
commune in the
Hautes-Pyrénées department in the
Occitanie region of
southwestern France. It is the capital of Bigorre. It has been a
commune since 1790. It was known as Turba or Tarba in Roman times.
Tarbes is part of the historical region of Gascony.
Formerly of strong industrial tradition,
Tarbes today tries to
diversify its activities, particularly in aeronautics and high tech
around the different zones of activities which are increasing. The
recent development of Tarbais beans (fr) and other regional
specialties also shows a willingness to develop the agri-food industry
thus justifying its nickname of "market town". With 116,056
inhabitants in 2011, it is the second largest metropolitan
area (fr) in the
Occitanie region. Its 42,888 inhabitants are
called Tarbaises and the Tarbais.
It is the seat of the diocese of Tarbes-et-Lourdes. The 1st Parachute
Hussar Regiment and
35th Parachute Artillery Regiment
35th Parachute Artillery Regiment are stationed in
1.3 Neighbouring communes
2.1 Legendary origin of the name
3.2 Middle Ages
3.3 Early Modern era
3.4 19th century
3.4.1 Prerogatives of a chef-lieu
3.4.3 Industrial development
3.5 20th century
3.6 21st century
4.2 Zones of activity
4.3 University centre
5.4 Public transport
6 Politics and administration
6.1 Political trends and results
6.2 List of mayors
6.6 Higher academic institutions
6.6.1 National School of Engineers of Tarbes
Toulouse III-Paul Sabatier
6.6.3 University of Pau and Pays de L'adour
Toulouse II Le Mirail
Tarbes Pyrénées art school
6.6.6 Training Institute in music pedagogy
8 Outstanding public buildings and places
8.1 Public buildings
8.2 Fountains and squares
8.3 Military heritage
8.4 Industrial remains
8.5 Religious buildings
8.5.1 Cathedral, churches and mosque
8.6 Old mansions
8.7 Green spaces
9.1 Museums and exhibition spaces
9.2 Musical culture
10 Local media
12 Military life
14 Personalities linked to the commune
14.1 Political figures
14.5 Musicians and singers
14.6 Painters and sculptors
14.7 Filmmakers and actors
14.8 Industrialists, traders and benefactors
Tarbes in the arts, literature and media
16 International relations
17 See also
20 External links
Tarbes in the Pyrenees
Pyrenees seen from Tarbes.
Tarbes is a
Pre-Pyrenees town within the rich agricultural plain of
the river Adour, 155 kilometres (96 miles) southwest of Toulouse, 144
kilometres (89 miles) to the east of Bayonne, 70 kilometres (43 miles)
Auch and 20 kilometres (12 miles) northeast of Lourdes.
Tarbes is 1 hr 30 mins from the Atlantic Ocean, 2 hrs 50 mins from the
Languedoc coast and 35 minutes from the nearest ski resorts. It is
located at an average elevation of 304 metres (997 feet).
To the south of Tarbes, along with the pilgrimage town of Lourdes, is
the border with Spain. The
Pyrenees mountains, lying along the border
France and Spain, can be seen from the town.
Tarbes is crossed to the east by the
Adour river and to the west by
Échez and by the Gespe, a tributary which joins the
Échez on the
territory of the commune.
Map of the commune of
Tarbes and its adjacent communes
Places adjacent to Tarbes
Mont-de-Marsan and Bordeaux)
Auch and Agen)
(to Pau and Bayonne)
(to Saint-Gaudens and Toulouse)
Lourdes and Argelès-Gazost)
Tarbes features an oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb), with relatively hot
summers, mild winters and abundant rainfall.
Tarbes benefits from its
privileged location in the area of the Adour, a milder microclimate
than at Lourdes, from a higher altitude, and somewhat less rainy than
in Pau, and sunnier. Summers are warm and often stormy, while spring
is rainy and cool and autumn is mild and sunny. Winter, meanwhile, is
less rigorous but can still hold some surprises. The lowest
temperature was recorded in January 1985 with a temperature under
shelter of −17.9 °C (−0.2 °F). Conversely, there was a
maximum temperature of 39 °C (102 °F) in August 2003.
642 millimetres (25.3 in)/yr
767 millimetres (30.2 in)/yr
656 millimetres (25.8 in)/yr
1,069 millimetres (42.1 in)/yr
975 millimetres (38.4 in)/yr
770 millimetres (30 in)/yr
Climate data for Tarbes,
France (altitude 360m, 1981–2010) (Source:
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)
Average snowy days
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Source #1: Météo France
Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990)
The town was named for the first time in the 5th century as Civitas
Turba ubi castrum Bigòrra. It was an important city of the
Gregory of Tours
Gregory of Tours in the 6th century named Talvam
Middle Ages it was called Tarbé (1214), Tursa, Tarvia (1284)
and also Tarbia. Not to be confused with the Tarbelles, whose capital
Legendary origin of the name
Legend holds that the Queen of Ethiopia, Tarbis, proposed her love to
Moses and that he refused. Inconsolable, she decided to leave her
throne and hide her disappointment. After many wanderings, she arrived
Bigorre and built her home on the
Adour to found the town of
Tarbes, and its sister, on the banks of the Gave de Pau, arose as
Foundations of an old villa in the Ormeau quarter
In the 3rd century BC, the foundations of
Tarbes began to emerge,
based on the testimonies of the exhumed remains which had been buried.
By need for salt trade, merchants who were likely Aquitanians
travelled across the Pyrenean foothills. To continue their journey,
they had to use a ford in order to cross the
Adour which descended
from the mountain. It was more prudent to split the loads to cross the
ford as a result of which a pause was necessary. The bottom of the
valley was dominated by a sandy emergence which prompted people to
Then, Tarba experienced a Roman colonisation and acquired ancient
villas and large agricultural estates, found particularly in the
Ormeau quarter. The existence of craft has been verified by the
remains of the workshops of potters and weavers. The urban core,
meanwhile, assumed the administrative functions and would have had an
early Christian church in the 4th century.
Map of the fiefs of Gascocony around 1150
In the 5th and 6th centuries, as a result of the barbarian invasions
which swept in successive waves, the city shrank around the castrum,
of which a remnant remains in the rear courtyard of the prefecture.
In about 840 AD, the
Vikings led a devastating raid following which
the Bishop of
Bigorre reported that the city
Bigorre was beginning
with the cathedral, named with originality, la Sède.
At the end of the 12th century, the count of
Bigorre settled in his
castle of Tarbes, resulting with the court of justice being in his
suite. Then, the capital of
Bigorre received a Royal Seneschal.
Two noble houses were founded in the 13th century, outside the walls,
one the convent of the Cordeliers near Carrère Longue, the other
being that of the
Carmelites in the vicinity of the Bourg Crabé.
At the end of the medieval centuries, the city was composed of six
separate fortified towns, juxtaposed and aligned on an east-west axis,
where the original core was ordered around the cathedral. There were
thus la Sède, Carrère,
Maubourguet and Bourg Vieux flanked to the
east of the Count's castle, with Bourg Neuf and Bourg Crabé each
surrounded by their own walls.
During the Wars of Religion, in 1569, the troops of Jeanne d'Albret
burned the cathedral, the convents and other churches as well as the
bishopric. Despite the strategic destruction to try to defend Bourg
Vieux, the inhabitants were massacred.
Early Modern era
In the 17th century, after the plague and the problems of housing
people of war,
Tarbes ensured its revival with the reconstruction of
the Episcopal Palace in 1652 (today the office of the prefecture), the
foundation of a third hospital in 1690 and two new convents (Capuchins
and Ursulines). Irrigation of the land and the water power used by the
craftsmen were produced by the system of canals derived from the
The 18th century announced a growth of the population, and the
development of agriculture, crafts and trade. The town expanded and
new quarters appeared (such as the current Rue Maréchal-Foch). Then,
the Constituent Assembly, which included
Bertrand Barère de Vieuzac
Bigorre to the Estates-General), decided to undertake
administrative reform and
Tarbes benefitted by becoming capital of the
department of the Hautes-Pyrénées.
The Gare de Tarbes, around 1900
Brauhauban market, around 1900
An old image of the arsenal
Prerogatives of a chef-lieu
Tarbes became the chef-lieu and headquarters of a
prefecture (an increase of its administrative role and its functions).
Napoleon I re-established the National Stud of
Tarbes (fr) and
Tarbes gave birth to the
breed. In 1859,
Tarbes was connected to
Paris by rail.
In the 19th century, various legacies enrich the public spaces of
Tarbes. In 1853, Placide Massey (fr) bequeathed to the city the
eponymous garden, still unfinished. In 1877, a donation by the
former Mayor Antoine Brauhauban was responsible for the construction
of an imposing hall which bore his name (this building was destroyed
in 1970 to establish outdoor parking). The end of the 19th century
still saw the construction of the two fountains of Place Marcadieu, a
legacy of the benefactor Félicitée Duvignau.
Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871, General Verchère de
Reffye transformed the experimental workshop of Meudon (transferred by
train to Tarbes) construction of an artillery workshop (called an
arsenal by the people of Tarbes). Thus,
Tarbes became an industrial
and working-class town but also asserted its military vocation by the
construction of the Larrey, Soult and Reffye quarters.
During World War I,
Tarbes intensified its production of artillery by
virtue of its geographical position in the back country. Marshal Foch,
Commander-in-Chief of all allied armies, was born in
Tarbes in 1851.
During World War II, the Resistance was also part of the everyday life
of the town of Tarbes, which was awarded the Croix de Guerre.
After the return of peace, the industry diversified and there was an
expansion of the population.
Tarbes remained a city of strong military
Tarbes has also become a university city and the main
activities are now within the tertiary sector (services). In addition
to its privileged geographical situation, less than an hour from the
Pyrenees mountains, two hours from the
Atlantic Ocean and three hours
from the Mediterranean via the La Pyrénéenne autoroute, the city
offers a certain lifestyle and boasts a cultural life which is packed
with clubs and sport.
The arms of
Tarbes are blazoned:
"Quarterly or and gules."
Main article: [[:Economy of Tarbes (fr)]]
Being farther away from
Toulouse than other cities of Midi-Pyrénées,
Tarbes may appear to display greater economic independence. Also it
often occupies the second place in the regional urban hierarchy. It
maintains close relations with
Aquitaine and, in particular, with Pau,
a nearby town of the Pre-Pyrenees.
TARMAC and the fields around Ossun.
Tarbes is the second industrial city of the region. this is
particularly illustrated in the field of railway construction and
aeronautics with the presence of nearby companies such as
Daher. Daher-Socata manufactures business and tourism aircraft there,
including the TBM 850 and TB 20. Its headquarters and its main
industrial site are located on the outskirts of the
Tarbes-Lourdes-Pyrénées Airport in the canton of Ossun, south of
Grand Tarbes, where its facilities are spread over 53 hectares (130
acres), of which 80,000 square metres (860,000 sq ft) are
covered surfaces. At the end of 2006, its strength stood at more than
Ossun, a neighbouring commune of the agglomeration, is also home to
TARMAC, a company dedicated to the dismantling of aircraft for which
it was necessary to construct an imposing building. The platform is,
again, installed on the Tarbes-Lourdes-Pyrénées airport area, and
revolves around the three complementary activities of storage,
maintenance and deconstruction. Boostec, based in Bazet, collaborated
Astrium to build the Herschel space telescope, launched on
14 May 2009.
Zones of activity
In addition to the Aerospace Valley involving DeciElec, Socata/Daher,
Pearl and Tarmac,
Tarbes is developing several business parks.
The Park of the Pyrenees, located in Ibos, is equipped to host craft,
industrial activities, services and offices.
The Bastillac University Park is dedicated to technological research.
The Park of the Adour, in Semeac, is for industrial, commercial and
the tertiary sector.
Cognac Park, on the road to Pau, is devoted to the craft and the
The Ecoparck of Bordères-sur-Echez is the subject of complementary
projects regarding energy production (biogas plant project, produced
from biomass), the cold-intensive businesses (Pyrenean curing and the
planned cooling platform of Dominque Sallaberry Logistics).
Tarbes also houses the second University centre of the
Midi-Pyrénées with a University Institute of technology (IUT) and
National School of Engineers of
Tarbes (ENIT) having more than 5,000
Tarbes–Lourdes–Pyrénées Airport is still the second of the
Midi-Pyrénées. Also in the town centre, the Rex Hotel, a designer
hotel addressing a rather affluent clientele, and the arrival of
brands such as H&M and new places of leisure (CGR (fr), etc.)
seem to attest to the attractiveness of the town.
Often presented as a "market town",
Tarbes is home to important halls
and market squares, allowing opportunities for local agriculture.
Symbol of the local food industry, a Cooperative of tarbais
beans (fr) including emerged at the heart of the Bastillac zone.
Main articles: [[:Bus routes of Tarbes (fr)]] and
Tarbes-Lourdes-Pyrénées Airport is situated 10 kilometres
(6.2 mi) from the town centre. This airport is served by HOP!
which provides three daily and two weekend air services to Paris-Orly.
Jetairfly, which ensures a connection of two flights a week during the
Ryanair serves London-Stansted and Milan Bergamo, with two
and three flights a week, respectively.
Meridiana connects to Rome
Air Nostrum (Iberia Regional) offers two flights per week
to Madrid Barajas. The airport also offers seasonal charter flights to
and from the largest European cities.
Exterior of the main building
Interior of the departure hall
Interior of the departure hall
Interior of the departure hall
Gare de Tarbes
Gare de Tarbes railway station offers direct connections with
Paris, Bordeaux, Toulouse,
Bayonne and several regional destinations.
The TGV makes several times per day the junction with the
Paris-Montparnasse station with a journey of six hours. It also allows
Bordeaux in three hours. This offer is complemented
by that of the TER and
Intercités for important exchanges with
Toulouse, Pau and the Basque coast. These provide further connections,
without another change of train, with Lyon,
Irun and also Geneva.
Tarbes is also served by the A64 allowing in the direction of
Toulouse, to drive freely to
Lannemezan or Capvern, and towards
Bayonne and joining Pau, which is also accessible from the RD
Movements are facilitated by a boulevard circling the town. The recent
development of the different centres of activity around
promoted the creation of the southwest ring road which should extend
to the north towards the D935 (Route de Bordeaux) and the N21 (Route
d'Auch). A southern bypass is also projected between Tarbes-east to
Juillan interchange and the airport. Finally, a ring road is under
consideration, which would connect
Séméac to Orleix.
The new portion of dual-carriageway of the N21 which opened in
December 2012 between
Lourdes aims to promote economic and
tourism links between the
Bigorre capital and second city of the
department, as well as to
Argelès-Gazost already connected a Marian
estate by a dual-carriageway section.
The RD935 (fr) and the RD8 allow they to go to
The communes of Grand Tarbes (fr) are served by a bus network
called Alezan. An electric shuttle for the town centre. Finally,
it is possible to rent cycles in the Place du Foirail, under the
Vél'en Ville system.
Politics and administration
The Tribunal of Grand Instance (High Court) of Tarbes
Tarbes is the capital of the
Hautes-Pyrénées department and
concentrates various utilities including the court of grand instance,
a branch of the Bank of France, the Chamber of Commerce and local
industry, the Chamber of skilled crafts, crafts and Services.
In 2011, the municipality of
Tarbes was rewarded with the label "Ville
Internet (fr) @@@@".
Political trends and results
Main article: [[:2014 Municipal elections in the
The municipal history of
Tarbes under the Fifth Republic was marked by
In the elections of 1959, the outgoing Socialist mayor, Marcel
Billières, was a victim of the resilience of the Communist Party but
especially also the shift to the right, which managed to seize the
city hall with the election of Paul Boyrie. He was comfortably
re-elected in 1965 (58.4%) and 1971 (55.2%). However, his sudden death
a few weeks before the 1977 elections caused confusion in the ranks of
the outgoing majority.
In this election, the Communist Paul Chastellain (fr) prevailed
in the first round (50.6%), at the head of a list of union of the
left. He was reelected in 1983 with 54.8% against Jean Journé
(UDF-RPR), but took ill with a heart attack during the count. Raymond
Erracarret (FCP) was elected mayor by the municipal council. The new
councillor regained his chair in 1989 with 54.1% against Jean Journé
(UDF-RPR), then with a reduced majority (51.3%) in 1995, against
Gérard Trémège (UDF-RPR).
2001 then marked a brand new change: Gérard Trémège, after a merger
of the lists of DL-UDF and RPR, became mayor with 50.1% of the vote
(26 votes in advance). He was re-elected on 17 March 2008 under the
UMP-Radical Party label "Valoisien" this time with 54.3% (1,705 votes
ahead of Jean Glavany) and again on 23 March 2014, this time in the
first round with 52.95% of the votes.
List of mayors
Main article: [[:List of mayors of Tarbes (fr)]]
List of mayors of Tarbes
Gérard Trémège (fr)
President of the Communauté d'agglomération du Grand
Tarbes (fr) from 2008 to 2014
Vice-President of the Communauté d'agglomération du Grand
Tarbes (fr) from 2014
Regional Counsel from 2004
Raymond Erraçarret (fr)
Tarbes is the chef-lieu of five cantons (involving only quarters in
Tarbes), themselves divided into two electoral districts of
Hautes-Pyrénées: Cantons I, III and IV in the first, and the cantons
II and V in the second:
The Canton de Tarbes-1 (fr), 7,547 inhabitants
The Canton de Tarbes-2 (fr), 10,500 inhabitants
The Canton de Tarbes-3 (fr), 7,372 inhabitants
The Canton de Tarbes-4 (fr), 8,946 inhabitants
The Canton de Tarbes-5 (fr), 8,669 inhabitants
Main article: [[:Communauté d'agglomération du Grand
Born of the Community of Communes of the tarbaise agglomeration,
created in 1995, the Grand Tarbes (fr) or the Communauté
d'agglomération du Grand
Tarbes has competence related to
transportation, travellers, culture, sports, environment, the
university and the city's policy. It now includes the municipalities
of Aureilhan, Bordères-sur-l'Échez, Bours, Ibos, Laloubère, Louey,
Odos, Orleix, Séméac, Salles-Adour, Sarrouilles, Soues and Tarbes,
and thus contains some 75,000 inhabitants on 1 January 2015 (2012
legal population, INSEE). The mayor of Tarbes, Gerard Manty, was the
presidenct until the 2014 municipal elections where he had to give way
to the Socialist mayor of Orleix, Charles Habas, because of the more
left-wing position of Odos.
École La Sendère
Public primary schools
École La Sendere
École Théophile Gautier
Private primary schools
École Pradeau-La Sède
Public secondary schools
Lycée Marie Curie
Lycée Théophile Gautier
Private secondary schools
Lycée Jeanne d'Arc
Higher academic institutions
National School of Engineers of Tarbes
The ENIT building
Main article: École nationale d'ingénieurs de Tarbes
ENIT, Institut National Polytechnique:
The school's educational project aims to give versatile training in
engineering, industrial engineering, strong culture and openness, able
to design, implement and construct industrial systems and production
equipment, in respect of the environment and safety.
Toulouse III-Paul Sabatier
Main article: Paul Sabatier University
Site of Tarbes:
LMD: Licence of Physics and Applications in Sciences of the Universe
and the Environment
IUT (University Institute of Technology):
GMP - Mechanical Engineering and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing
GEII - Electrical Engineering and Industrial Data Processing
GEA - Management of Companies and Administrations
TC - Marketing Techniques
SeReCom - Services and Networks of Communication
IUP (fr) (Professionalised University Institute):
IUP MPMO - Management of small and medium-sized enterprises
The University Institute of Technology
STER - Thermal systems: Science and Renewable Energy Technologies
STER - Electrical systems
ICP - Engineering Design and Prototyping
IMN - Engineering of New Materials
CCSEE - Design and Control of Embedded Electrical Systems
CISPM - Design and Integration of Multimedia Products and Services
SIIC - Integrated Information and Communication systems
HTL - Hospitality/Tourism: Structures of Accommodation, Spa and
Leisure Management option
TVDI - Treatment and Recovery of Industrial Waste
CPSI - Marketing of Products and Industrial Services
DU (University diploma)
University of Pau and Pays de L'adour
Main article: University of Pau and Pays de l'Adour
Located at the Spanish border, the University of Pau and Pays de
L'adour (UPPA) is a network of 4 campuses, which are in Tarbes, the
Hautes-Pyrénées campus, at the gates of the National Park of the
Pyrenees and the Observatoire du Pic du Midi de Bigorre. The diplomas
awarded in Tarbes: Arts, letters, languages, humanities and social
sciences, sport (2 degrees), and science and technology (3 degrees).
Toulouse II Le Mirail
The University Institute of Teacher Training of the Midi-Pyrénées
(IUFM), become internal school of the University of
Toulouse II – Le
Mirail, offers courses at level Bac+4 and Bac+5 for access to
competitive examination of the teaching order, in particular, to
become Professor of schools (fr) (CRPE (fr)). It's the
Master (fr) EFE-ESE (Childhood Education Teacher Training
specialty, schooling in the 1st degree and Education) declined through
several research courses including one in Occitan.
Tarbes Pyrénées art school
Main article: [[:École supérieure d’art des Pyrénées — Pau
CEAP: Studies in plastic arts certificate (2 years)
DNAP: National Diploma of Plastic Arts (3 years), equivalent to level
DNAT Ceramic design: National Diploma of Arts and Techniques (3
years), diploma equivalent to level III
DNSEP mention art (ceramics): Superior National Diploma of Plastic
Expression (5 years), approved level
Training Institute in music pedagogy
Established in 1998, at the initiative of the prefect Jean Dussourd
and encouraged by Mr. Joël-René Dupont, Academy Inspector, this
private institute (the Kaddouch education is partner of the Sorbonne)
teaches the pedagogy of Robert Kaddouch (fr) with the teachers of
the European music conservatories, and provides music education to
students of all ages whose youngest are babies of five months old.
The city has also a medical centre spread over three sites that make
up the Intercommunal Hospital Centre of
Tarbes - Vic-en-Bigorre
(CHIC-TV). On 6 June 2003, the institution changed its name and became
the Hospital Centre of
Bigorre (CHB): A short stay site ("La Gespe" in
Tarbes) and two geriatric sites ("L'Ayguerote" in
Tarbes and Vic en
Bigorre); in 2016 the new hospital of
Lourdes will be in
Lanne, opposite the airport. The Ormeau Polyclinic in collaboration
with the Pyrenees-
Bigorre Clinic is the second centre of health in
Tarbes. Every year in October, are organised the Pyreneean Days of
Gynecology, of worldwide recognition.
In 2012, the commune had 41,664 inhabitants. The evolution of the
number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses carried
out in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, the communes with
more than 10,000 inhabitants have a census take place every year as a
result of a sample survey, unlike the other communes which have a real
census every five years.[note 1][note 2]
From 1962 to 1999: Population without double counting; for the years
following: municipal population.
Source: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1999 then INSEE from 2004
The population of the commune of
Tarbes (legal municipal population
2010) established on 1 January 2013, at 43,034 inhabitants, thus
placing the commune as fourth of the
Midi-Pyrénées region after
Toulouse (441,802 inhabitants),
Montauban (56,271 inhabitants) and
Albi (48,916 inhabitants). In 1995, the Communauté d'agglomération
Tarbes (12 communes, 78,493 inhabitants) was created which,
regionally, ranks third behind the Grand
Toulouse (37 communes,
705,000 inhabitants), Castres-Mazamet (16 communes, 85,000
inhabitants), Grand Albigeois (17 communes, 82,181 inhabitants) and
Montauban (7 communes of Montauban-Trois rivières, 64,489
inhabitants). The urban centre has 95,029 inhabitants. It includes the
more urbanised communes and those nearest to Tarbes, whether or not in
the Communauté d'agglomération of Grand Tarbes. We can include the
Juillan (4,078 inhabitants),
Ossun (2,383 inhabitants),
Azereix (1,019 inhabitants,
Louey (1,018 inhabitants),
Barbazan-Debat (3,571 inhabitants),
Bazet (1 674
Oursbelille (1,243 inhabitants),
Horgues (1,115 inhabitants). In addition, it should
be noted that the perimeter of the Grand
Tarbes is three times less
than that of the urban area which, with 115,857 inhabitants (2009), is
the second of the
Toulouse (1,102,882 inhabitants) and
Albi (92,927 inhabitants) and
Montauban (82,193 inhabitants).
Communes of the
Tarbes urban centre
Community of communes or agglomeration
Political affiliation of the mayor
CA Grand Tarbes
CA Grand Tarbes
CA Grand Tarbes
CA Grand Tarbes
CC Canton d'Ossun
CA Grand Tarbes
CA Grand Tarbes
CA Grand Tarbes
CA Grand Tarbes
CC Canton d'Ossun
CA Grand Tarbes
CA Grand Tarbes
CC Canton d'Ossun
CC Canton d'Ossun
CA Grand Tarbes
CA Grand Tarbes
CA Grand Tarbes
CA Grand Tarbes
Outstanding public buildings and places
The city hall and the courthouse, classical buildings of the 19th
century, adjoin the Rue Maréchal-Foch. Built in 1907, it is
denoted by its candid monumentality. It is surmounted by a bell tower
and faces the Place Jean-Jaurès enthroned with a statue of Danton. On
the façade, one can read the motto "Concord, liberty, equality,
fraternity, labour." The Hôtel Brauhauban, an 18th-century mansion,
is one of its annexes.
Not far away, the Police headquarters occupies two mansions built on
the north walls filled in the 18th century to give birth to the
current Rue Georges-Clemenceau. The Academy of Inspection of
Hautes-Pyrénées occupies a former school, built at the end of the
In the La Sède quarter, the prefecture (fr) was housed in the
old Episcopal Palace, rebuilt in the 17th century. Not far away, lies
the old college of
Tarbes which became the Lycée Impérial in 1853
and was renamed Lycée
Théophile Gautier in 1911. The Council General
Hautes-Pyrénées also has several buildings including the former
seminary of priests of the 18th century. The departmental archives are
housed in a remarkable building from 1936.
Three places are devoted to the markets: The market hall and the Place
Marcadieu, Brauhauban market hall and the Place du Foirail. Near the
Brauhauban market hall is an Italian theatre, known as the Théâtre
des Nouveautés, which was built in 1885.
Fountains and squares
Fountain of the Quatre-Vallées
The city has many fountains. The Place Marcadieu and Place Verdun
reproduce the same pattern: They each have two fountains spread at
either ends and not in the middle.
Félicitée Duvignau initiated this peculiarity, in Place Marcadieu,
by bequest wishing for the building of fountains at each end of this
vast esplanade. This relates to an eponymous Baltard-type market hall
building in 1883. Inaugurated in 1897, the monumental fountain
of the Quatre-Vallées, combining cast iron and sculpture, figures the
valleys of Bagnères, Aure, Argelès and the plain of Tarbes. At
the other end of the square, the more modest "Source de l'amour"
[Source of love], presents an echo of the style.
The Montaut fountain is set at the centre of this public space and was
moved close to the square of the same name. Named after its donor, it
is carved in stone by Nelli of the
Pyrenees and was first erected in
In 2008, the ensemble was further complemented by the construction of
a nearby square planted with palm trees, in the north of its namesake
The Place de Verdun has fountains of a much more contemporary
appearance. To the south, the Grande Fontaine [Great Fountain] forms a
playful bell of water. It is assisted in the north by the Droits de
l'Enfant [Rights of the Child] fountain, where a water jet raises a
ball which can be rotated by only the force of the wrist.
The Alhambra fountain, a replica of the mythical Alhambra fountain in
Granada, Spain. The fountain is located at 43 Rue Maréchal-Foch in an
open-air shopping area. Around the fountain is a landscaping of
The Fontaine de l'Inondation [Fountain of the Flood] which was
installed in the Place de Verdun in 1901 was relocated, in 1934, to
the Place de la Courteboule in the Soult quarter. It features a family
and its goat fleeing the waters contained therein. This is an allusion
to the flood of 1875.
The Alhambra Fountain in Tarbes
Other fountains can also be mentioned such as the one of the Cours
Reffye, the one in Place Saint-Jean and that of La Gespe in the Place
The fountain in the Place de Verdun
Equestrian statue of Ferdinand Foch
The Haras de Tarbes (fr) is composed of an 8 hectares (20 acres)
park with Empire-syle buildings including the Maison du Cheval. It was
Napoleon in 1806 and is the birthplace of a refined breed
of horses, the Anglo-Arabian, which are provided to the regiments of
hussars. The buildings were built with mostly local materials: Grey
marmorifere stone, pebbles of the Adour, bricks and slates. It has a
riding school and stables including boxes and with a set of remarkable
chestnut panelled ceilings.
Franco-Prussian War of 1870, Jean-Baptiste Verchère de
Reffye establishes, in the old store of tobacco in Tarbes, an
artillery workshop commonly referred to as "Arsenal". It was used for
military armament production until 2006. The site is today turning
towards the tertiary sector. The old tobacco store houses the
Municipal Archives and the Massey Museum reserves. In front stands the
House of associations and its bell tower.
The development of the Larrey, Soult and Reffye quarters saw the
assertion of the military role of
Tarbes in the 19th and 20th
centuries. Several barracks were built. With regard to the Larrey
barracks (1825), the majesty of the central building, 150 metres (492
feet) long and flanked by two side buildings, is reinforced by the
existence of an accessible courtyard from a portal framed by two
pavilions of neoclassical inspiration. The ensemble is located in the
axis of the Leclerc martial walkways which concentrate memorials
including the monumental equestrian statue of Marshal Foch erected in
1935. Firmin Michelet (fr) is represented riding Marboré, a
horse owned by the Fould family.
The Reffye high school is an old military barracks surrendered by the
army after World War II.
The former site of the Arsenal has been renovated to accommodate
shops, places of leisure (cinema, a second bowling facility, laser
quest, restaurants, etc.), municipal or community buildings
(archives, maison des associations, business, etc.) and companies. The
industrial architecture of the place is preserved. Its genesis took
place in 1871 with
Jean-Baptiste Verchère de Reffye
Jean-Baptiste Verchère de Reffye as the main
protagonist. Its industrial deterioration occurred following the
2003 announcement of the closure of the GIAT site, heir to the arsenal
Former industrial buildings in Tarbes
Arsenal building 100 became the Maison des Associations
Building 119 became a cinema complex
Building 103 became the municipal archives
An overhead crane in building 117, which became a leisure complex
This area is adjacent, in Aureilhan, to the Oustau ceramic factory
which was founded in 1873 by Laurence Oustau (fr). The factory
buildings, abundantly decorated with glazed bricks, were protected as
an Historic Monument in 1994.
The Oustau ceramic factory in Aureilhan
Cathedral, churches and mosque
The Cathedral of Notre-Dame-de-la-Sède
Vault of the cathedral
Alongside the former Episcopal Palace which became the prefecture, the
Notre-Dame-de-la-Sede Cathedral has a classical façade dating from
the 17th century. In contrast, the apse chapel is topped by a lantern
tower which was enlarged in the Gothic period and the transept dating
from the 12th century are primarily marked by the Romanesque origins
of the building. The high altar has a Baroque marble canopy, the
implementation of which has been attributed to Dominique
Ferrère (fr). One can still see the ceiling
painted by Henri Borde (fr) and the Testament of Louis
XVI (fr) carved in the oratory. Saint
Vincent de Paul
Vincent de Paul was
ordained deacon, here, in 1598.
A little further from the city centre, in the direction of Pau or
Ibos, is located the Sainte-Anne Church.
The Saint-Jean-Baptiste Church, commonly known as St. John's Church,
is located in the heart of the commercial centre, straddling the
pedestrianised Rue Brauhauban, and the Rue Maréchal-Foch. Repeatedly
devastated during the Wars of Religion, its structure, dating from the
15th century, remains marked by the Meridional Gothic (fr) trend.
In the Middle Ages, the building played a major role in the city and
the States of
Bigorre met there. The church houses a remarkable organ
and many Baroque chapels. The high altar is a work of Jean
Brunello. The Neo-Romanesque bell tower dates from the 17th
Of Languedoc Gothic style, the Sainte-Thérèse Church is opposite the
market halls and the Place Marcadieu. Its history began with the
establishment of the
Carmelites in the 13th century. The bell tower,
which is one of the oldest items, dates from the 15th century and is a
remnant of the ancient abbey. The church was, however, largely
renovated in the 19th century by the architect of the city, Claude
Tiffon. It houses a superb organ, beautiful woodwork, some beautiful
Baroque statues and paintings of Raymond-Marc Lagarrigue.
The Church of Saint-Antoine was constructed, near the site of the
Arsenal, in 1896. It is thus to link to the past workers of this
parish who were Conventual Franciscans.
The Church of Saint-Martin, the Sainte-Bernadette Church and the
Saint-Vincent-de-Paul Church, which is pyramid-shaped, are of
Founded in 1986, the Serbian Orthodox Church of Notre-Dame Source de
Vie [Our Lady Source of Life] is decorated with beautiful murals.
In 2005, the first stone of the Omar Ibn al-Khattab Mosque was laid.
Churches of Tarbes
The Church of Saint-Anne
The Church of Sainte-Thérèse
The Henri Duparc Conservatory
Théophile Gautier high school, once led by the
Doctrinaires (brothers of Christian Doctrine), houses a chapel which
has an altar which is classified as an historical monument. It was
directed by the
Bigorre sculptor Dominique Ferrère (fr) during
the Baroque period.
The Jeanne d'Arc institution includes a chapel with decor of Art Deco
The Ayguerote hospital, which became retirement home, includes a
The Carmelite chapel was founded in 1870. Now owned by the town of
Tarbes, the chapel became a place of exhibitions. The cloister is not
accessible to the public.
The Henri Duparc Conservatory has gradually invested in its adjoining
The Hôtel de Bricquet (17th century).
In the La Sède quarter the prefecture and the cathedral are visible,
the family home of Marshal Foch dating from the 17th century was
converted into a museum. It is typically of
Bigorre and remains
recognisable by its yellow façade. It is possible to visit the room
where he was born, and the office of the Marshal, and to observe
objects which are related to him.
Other fine examples of
Bigorre houses are visible on the Rue de la
Victoire, Rue Clémenceau and also Rue Regiment-de-Bigorre. They are
recognisable by their carved wooden doors, their coloured plaster
frames which enhance grey marmorifere stone, with their wooden roofed
balconies and their slate roofs pierced by skylights.
Opposite the Saint-Jean Church, the birthplace of
Bertrand Barère is
At the mercy of the movements of his father,
Théophile Gautier was
also born in Rue Brauhauban. The house is still visible today. The
family, however, lived there for only three years. The Rue Brauhauban
is also home to the birthplace of another poet of the 19th century,
English Imperial style or even Neobasque (fr) villas dating from
the 19th and 20th centuries, adorn the Massey Garden, the Bel Air
Park, the Paul Chastellain Park and their respective quarters. The
Villa Massey, in the heart of its namesake garden, is Neo-Moorish
(19th century). Villa Fould, formerly the residence of Baron Achille
Minister of State of
Napoleon III, has been restored. It now
houses the headquarters of the Pyrénées National Park. A little
further away is Villa Bel Air from the beginning of the 20th century.
Art Nouveau buildings line the Rue Maréchal-Foch and Rue Bertrand
The Massey Garden
Tarbes obtained its fourth flower in 2002 under the Competition of
floral cities and villages and seeks to maintain this distinction.
Tarbes has also received the Grand Prix national of flowering.
The Massey Garden houses a museum, the cloister of the Abbey of
Saint-Sever-de-Rustan (fr), the Higher School of Art of
Tarbes (fr), an orangerie, a wildlife park, a bandstand.
Depending on the season, it is possible to visit by horse-drawn
carriage and small train. It is thus a privileged relaxation area near
to the Carmel exhibition hall, the Louis Aragon media library and the
Berrens Park tennis courts.
At the centre of the Bel Air Park, sits the old Château Delong better
known today as the Villa Bel Air which has become a children's
recreation centre. The Sellerie Park, with a more urban aspect, is
backed by a separate road.
The Chastellain Park is the haven of greenery of the Villa Fould which
contains the administrative headquarters of the
Échez Park, a recent green space, is attempting to unite the
university quarters of Bastillac and Solazur.
Within the Laubadère quarter, Bois Blancs [White Woods] Park is,
similarly, a contemporary creation. It includes five islets
symbolizing the five continents plus a central island used to host
events. Spaces dedicated to games and sport adorn the area devoted to
Along the leafy Leclerc paths are gathered various monuments
commemorating the two world wars, and which has the equestrian statue
of Marshal Foch.
The path of the banks of the Adour, also called Camin Adour, is
equipped with a fitness trail and is a popular landscaped walking
space enjoyed by the people of Tarbes.
Museums and exhibition spaces
The Massey Museum (fr) is best known for hosting the
International Museum of the Hussars. However, it also presents a rich
collection of fine arts. The building, located within the Massey
Garden, is of Moorish style.
The exhibition room of Carmel is complementary. This place of
awareness of art is a former Carmelite convent dating from 1870.
Museums of Tarbes
Carmel de Tarbes
Carmel de Tarbes
The Museum of Deportation and Resistance, inaugurated in 1989, was the
brainchild of the associations of former deportees and former
The museum space of the House of the
Pyrénées National Park
Pyrénées National Park evokes
the local flora and fauna.
The French national stud displays old saddles, carriages, a farrier's
In the birthplace of Marshal Foch, his room has been reconstituted,
along with its alcove and his office. It preserves the memories of his
personal and military objects, etc.
The city of
Tarbes is to the delight of audiophiles, with the last
independent record store of the south-west, which moved premises from
Pau. Located in the city centre, at 43 Rue Maréchal-Foch, it is
reserved for vinyl collectors with numerous musical genres. This place
attracts French and foreign travellers as they pass through the
In addition to the exhibition halls, the various stages and theatres
of the city, including that of La Gespe devoted to contemporary music.
La Pari, the performing arts stage, is still a place for contemporary
creativity. The main theatre remains that of the Nouveautés but Le
Parvis, a multidisciplinary cultural institution combining music,
dance and cinema on the outskirts in the heart of the Le Meridien
commercial centre, sees many pieces played within.
A cinema with eleven rooms "all-digital and 3D" opened its doors in
2010 in a former GIAT industrial building, renovated for the occasion.
Throughout the year,
Tarbes offers all kinds of activities, here is a
Petits As tennis world tournament
Show of the artists of the Saint-Antoine quarter
The Railwaymen Painters' Show
Women's tournament of Basque pelota
The Stamp Festival
International Women's Day
Days of the French language
The nautical Tarbes
Day of courtesy on the road
Martial Arts Gala
Bullfight of Tarbes
Day of Summer Jobs
Sustainable Development Week
Week of flavours
The night of the Rocktambules
Used car show
Real estate and renewable energy exhibition
The Comic Book Festival
National Day of Remembrance
European Solar Days
Forum of associations
May of the Book
Festival of Neighbors
Festival of Urban Culture
Festival of the Game
Baptism and meetings of Capoeira
"Culture of the Islands" Festival
Ceremonies of 8–18 June
National Philately Exhibition
Festivals de Tarbes
The Open Doors of the 35th RAP
Pyrenees Passions Exhibition
National carriage driving competition
Equestria horse riding Festival
July 14 ceremony
Night of the stars
International festival of Argentine tango
Equestria horse riding Festival
Ceremony of the liberation of the city
The "Vuelta" (Tour des Pyrénées)
International military music festival
Day of the bike
Celebration of sport in family
Arts and Decoration fair
Slalom auto-sport pursuit
Day of celebration of the Association Avenue de la Marne
Agro-Sud Industry Show
National day of homage to the harkis
International dog show
Tournament of numbers and letters
Convention of role-playing games of the lands of the West
Pyrenean days of gynaecology "Infogyn"
Day of the Dys
Fair of Tarbes
Festival of Sainte-Thérèse
Week of education and the fight against racism and discrimination
World Breastfeeding Week
Show "venue for employment"
The Cîmes martial arts tournament
Ibero-Andalusian Festival of
Tarbes and of Bigorre
Week of the mandolin
International solidarity week
Nature and ecosystems show
Festival of science
Tarbais sports festival
Tarbes in December" (Christmas market, ice rink, etc.)
Gala of ENIT
The group of
La Dépêche du Midi has a local daily edition as well as
a comparable second edition branded as the La Nouvelle République des
Pyrénées (the latter does not appear on Sunday unlike the first
which is published every day).
The Sogemedia (fr) Group publishes the weekly La semaine des
A version of the weekly Le Petit Journal is also available in the
FM channels include several local radio stations with their premises
in the urban area: Pic FM, Radio País (fr), Atomic, etc.
Other radio stations in the region broadcast local information
bulletins such as 100% Radio (fr).
Some national radio stations still have studios in the city such as
Fun Radio and NRJ.
Several web portals of local influence are based in Tarbes, such as
There are still several information websites (webzines), sometimes
having their own web TV broadcasts such as Tarbesinfo.fr.
The Tarbais beans (fr)
Bigorre jealously nurtures this gem, originally from Latin America,
and introduced in the 18th century in the
Adour Valley. It requires
soil with well defined criteria and with seeding on a specific date.
Picking is done exclusively by hand, pod by pod. This exceptional bean
received the Label Rouge [Red Label] in 1997 and a Protected
Geographical Indication in 2000, which guarantees its level of
Belongs to the mosaic of the vineyards of the south-west. In existence
since Gallo-Roman times, however its actual creation date was during
the 11th century, when
Madiran Abbey was founded by the Benedictine
Its fame was established through the pilgrims of St Jacques de
Compostela who discovered it while crossing the region. Straddling
Madiran is a hillside vineyard, with an area of
approximately 1,600 hectares (4,000 acres). Very rich in tannins, it
is a full-bodied red wine and robust, rough in its youth. After
ageing, its tannins are softened and it develops aromas of great
finesse, mingling the smells of toasted bread and spices and thus
blends perfectly with regional dishes.
The black pork of Bigorre
A very old breed which was rescued from extinction in 1981, this
exceptional product requires outdoor rearing conditions which respect
the requirements of this pedigree and relies on traditional knowledge.
After 14 months of attentive care and a minimum natural refining of 18
months, the "black pork of Bigorre" gives a ham of choice, which is a
real pleasure for gourmets.
Gâteau à la broche
It is the quintessential cake from Bigorre. A very delicate cake,
which has a taste of wood fire. A recipe for those who own a fireplace
because the cooking is done "by spit" before flambéing. This cone is
slowly basted with paste to obtain successive layers, which after
several hours of cooking, give a cone-shaped cake. It can be stored
for more than a month and must be consumed at the end of the third
day, with or without custard.
Goat, cow, sheep or mixed (cow-sheep), etc. Farm cheese, usually
molded by hand, salted and matured in a cool cellar. The producers are
happy to welcome visitors, where they can discover the sheepfold and
the cheese production facilities.
Of an ancestral knowledge, the "Barèges-Gavarnie" is a meat with
exceptional qualities thanks to the respect for the traditions. These
traditions promote the optimal use of the natural environment, and
knowledge adapted to the mountainous terrain and harsh climate. For
centuries, man and nature have been joined in establishing a land of
pastoralism and life.
The "Grand Market" takes place on Thursday morning, in Place
Marcadieu; Marcadieu is the name which designates the special space of
the "Grand Market", which has a regional dimension and its own
personality: A covered grain market in the Baltard style (1883), a
fountain called des 4 vallées [the four valleys] and a second, more
modest, called fontaine des sources de l'amour [fountain of the
sources of love], fountains erected by local sculptors at the
beginning of the 20th century.
The food market is held every morning at the Brauhauban covered
market, this is a traditional market.
The flower market takes place on Thursday morning at the Place du
Foirail, formerly a centre of livestock markets.
The flea market is also held on Thursday morning under the Marcadieu
Red beret of the 1st Parachute
Badge of the 1st Parachute
Military units currently stationed in Tarbes:
Hussar Regiment, since 1953.
35th Parachute Artillery Regiment, since 1947.
Military units which have been stationed in Tarbes:
53rd Infantry Regiment (fr), 1871-1907
14th Field Artillery Regiment, before 1906-1914
24th Field Artillery Regiment (France) (fr), 1906
24th Divisional Artillery Regiment, 1939-1940
Hussar Regiment, 1838-1839
Hussar Regiment, 1851-1856
Hussar Regiment, 1858
Hussar Regiment (fr), 1859-1861
Hussar Regiment (fr), 1901-1919
Hussar Regiment, 1919-1940
Hussar Regiment, 1940-1942
Hussar Regiment, 1944-1945
3rd Company of Mounted Cavalry, before 1906-1914
541st Veterinary Group
Tarbes Gespe Bigorre, the main sporting team of
the town, which participates in the LFB (Ligue féminine de basket
2009-2010 (fr)) elite and European competitions since 1993 (FIBA
EuroLeague Women, FIBA EuroCup Women, and winner of the Ronchetti Cup
Pyrenees in Pro D2.
Tarbes Pyrénées Football, playing in the CFA (4th
Fencing: Amicale tarbaise d'escrime (fr), 11-time champions
France with the sabre team (last in 2008).
Auch Midi-Pyrénées (fr)
House of Martial Arts
Palace of sports of the Quai de l'Adour (fr)
Maurice Trelut Stadium
Regional House of Fencing
House of Martial Arts
Paul Boyrie Nautical Centre, Michel Rauner and Tournesol pools
Berrens Park tennis courts
Chêne Vert [Green Oak] Velodrome
The Tumulus Golf Course and the Hippodrome Golf Course
Complex of Basque Pelota
Covered bowling alleys with stands
The Bourse du travail Skate Park
The Les Berges de l'
Adour training circuit
2006 Tour de
France stage held in
Tarbes with a large turn out
During the 20th century,
Tarbes was on the route of the Tour de France
in 1933, 1934, 1951, 1975, 1978, 1987, 1993 and 1995.
Stage 14 of the 2001 Tour de
France departed from Tarbes.
Stage 11 of the 2006 Tour de
France departed from Tarbes.
Stage 9 of the 2009 Tour de
France finished in Tarbes. The stage
winner was Pierrick Fédrigo, with
Rinaldo Nocentini being the holder
of the yellow jersey after the stage finish.
The 2015 Tour de
France is scheduled to have
Tarbes as the departure
point for Stage 10, heading to the Col de la Pierre St Martin, on 14
Petits As Tournament is a major international tennis
competition for 12- to 14-year-old juniors. It is an unofficial world
championship which has been held since 1982, and is the most important
tournament in this age category. The tournament has been won by
then-future global stars including Rafael Nadal, Martina Hingis, and
Personalities linked to the commune
François de Mazières, born May 22, 1960 in Tarbes, is a senior
official and French politician. He was Mayor of Versailles since 2008.
Bertrand Barère, revolutionary, Deputy of the Third Estate in 1789,
member of the Committee of Public safety during the terror, member of
the French National Convention
Gérard Trémège (fr), Mayor of
Tarbes since 2001, member of the
Radical Party, former President of the Chambers of commerce and
Jean Glavany, Socialist member of Hautes-Pyrénées, President of
Tarbes until April 2008, former Secretary of State and Minister
Charles Antoine de La Roche-Aymon, Bishop of Tarbes (fr)
Maurice Trélut (fr), "moderate" Mayor of
Tarbes from 1935 to
1944, prisoner of war, he enlisted in the Resistance and died when
Eugène Ténot (fr), former prefect and member of the
Dr. Gabriel Sempé, celebrated sportsman, scholar and collector of
fine art, death centenary in
Tarbes in 1990.
Louis Destarac (fr), born 1902-?,
Rugby union footballer was born
Edmond Baraffe born in 1942, former football player for Lille, Red
star, international 3 caps
Bernard Lapasset, born in
Tarbes on 20 October 1947, there was
president of the Federation French Rugby (1991-2007) then elected
President of the IRB 19 October 2007. He had previously held the Chair
of the IRB at the time elected and rotating, in 1995-96
Patrick Baldassara (fr) born in 1952, former football player of
Montpellier and Stado.
Philippe Dintrans born in 1957, Rugby player for Stadoceste Tarbais,
former hooker and captain of the XV of
France with 51 caps.
William Ayache born in 1960, footballer passed by Olympique de
Paris SG and French international with 21 caps. 3rd the
1986 World Cup
Jean-Luc Sassus, born in 1962, former professional football player.
Philippe Bérot born in 1965, former Rugby player three quarter wing
Agen and Auch. Former coach of Castres, Mont de Marsan and Tarbes.
Current assistant coach of the team of Italy.
Aubin Hueber born in 1967, former Rugby player with Tarbes, RC Toulon
and French international with 23 caps
Christophe Dupouey, born 8 August 1968, mountain biking champion
Wilfrid Forgues born in 1969, Olympic Champion in Atlanta in 1996,
Canoe double Slalom with Frank Adisson, and bronze four years earlier
in the Barcelona Olympics. Also five times world champion and 9 times
champion of France
Frank Adisson born in 1969, Olympic Champion in Atlanta in 1996, Canoe
double Slalom with Wilfrid Forgues, and bronze four years earlier in
the Barcelona Olympics. Also five times world champion and 9 times
champion of France
Olivier Azam, born 21 October 1974, is a former French Rugby Union
Sylvain Tanir born in 1975, former Rugby player of RC Narbonne,
Section Paloise, Us Dax and Tarbes.
Sébastien Fauqué born in 1977, Rugby player former opening half of
MTG XV, RC Toulon, Aviron Bayonnais and the Atlantic Stade Rochelais
Xavier Bécas born in 1979, football player, former player of AS
Ajaccio, FC Metz, Sedan and Istres
Julien Laharrague, born 29 July 1978 in Tarbes, Rugby Union player
just as his younger brother
Nicolas Laharrague who was born in Tarbes
Nicolas Lopez, fencer (
Sabre fencer) French born 14 November 1980 in
Anne-Lise Touya, fencer (sabre fencer) French (champion of the World
2001, Nîmes, and 2005 in Leipzig), born 19 October 1981, and his
brothers, Damien and Gael, also at the top of the world fencing
(Olympic champions of the sabre teams in Athens in 2004)
Céline Dumerc, born in 1982, basketball player, incumbent captain of
the team of France; (European champion in 2009, Olympic runner-up in
London in 2012)
Vincent Forgues (fr) born in 1983, third Rugby line player former
wing of Toulouse, Pau and Brive.
Adrien Théaux born in 1984, alpine skier in the downhill and Super G
Mathieu Crépel born in 1984, French snowboarder
Lionel Beauxis, born in 1985, champion rugby from the age of 21 in
2006 and international world tricolor 23 caps
Wenceslas Lauret born in 1987, third Rugby line wing player of Racing
Metro and Biarritz Olympique player. French international.
Maurice Audebert, philosopher, novelist and dramatist, born at Tarbes
Charles Dantzig, writer and editor,
Jean Freustié and Roger Nimier
Prize in 2003, December prize and Elle in 2006.
Isidore Ducasse, Comte de Lautréamont, born in Montevideo,
1846 enrolled at Lycée Théophile Gautier, died in 1870
Henri-Paul Eydoux (fr), writer born in
Christian Laborde (fr), writer
Véronique Poivre-d'Arvor French writer born in
Tarbes on 23 April
Laurent Tailhade, writer, polemicist
Christine de Rivoyre, born in
Tarbes on 29 November 1921, is a
journalist and French writer
Théophile Gautier, writer born in
Tarbes in 1811 died in 1872
Jules Laforgue, born in Montevideo,
Uruguay in 1860, enrolled at
Tarbes and died in 1887.
Birthplace of Ferdinand Foch
Pierre Emmanuel Félix Chazal (1808-1882), Belgian general
(naturalised in 1844);
Ferdinand Foch (1851-1929) Marshal of
commander-in-chief of Allied forces in
World War I
World War I including Great
Britain and Poland. Academician; a museum was opened at his birthplace
Jean Dembarrère (fr), born in
Tarbes 3 July 1747, general of
Napoleon I, from a noble family
Musicians and singers
Maurice Cocagnac Dominican friar, painter and cartoonist,
songwriter, writer and Traveler, born at
Tarbes in 1924
François Deguelt, singer, songwriter was born in
Tarbes on 4 December
1932 and died on 22 January 2014
Robert Kaddouch (fr), concert pianist and international teacher
(creator of the k method), Tarbais since 1966
David Fray, piano virtuoso, born 24 May 1981 in Tarbes.
Henri Génès, actor and singer
Yvette Horner (fr), musician, accordionist
Christophe Lacassagne (born in 1964), baritone from Tarbes
Victor Mirecki, cellist and music teacher, born 21 July 1847 in Tarbes
and died 7 April 1921 in Madrid
Cécile Ousset, born 1936, pianist
Gilles Servat, singer and musician, born in
Tarbes on 1 February 1945
The famous trio of the Sangria gratuite (fr) group of festive
music born in
Tarbes in 1998
Édouard Souberbielle, born in
Tarbes in 1899, organist, choirmaster
and teacher in Paris, died in 1986.
Marianne Dissard, born 20 May 1969 in Tarbes, singer, songwriter and
DJ Neesty, born in
Tarbes in 1960, composer arranger, remixing. He
worked for various artists and music labels and two times for the
Eurovision Song Contest.
Boulevard des airs
Boulevard des airs group was born in the Lycée Marie Curie in
Jean-Louis Blèze (fr), 1927-2012, French humourist, born in
Sarrouilles but who was often in the
Tarbes area before going to
Vox Bigerri (fr),
Tarbes vocal ensemble dedicated to polyphonic
ENZ, rapper, Parisian of adoption since 2003 was born in
Tarbes in the
Painters and sculptors
Henri Borde (fr), painter, died at
Tarbes in 1958;
René Billotte (fr), artist painter, born in 1846 in Tarbes, died
Paris in 1915
Jacqueline Dauriac (fr), artist, born in 1945 in Tarbes
Firmin Michelet (fr), sculptor, born in
Tarbes in 1875, died in
Jeane Saliceti (fr), artist, painter, born in 1883 in Tarbes,
Tarbes in 1959
Filmmakers and actors
Michel Dieuzaide, born in
Tarbes in 1951, photographer and film
Christian Gion, filmmaker, born in
Tarbes in 1940
Henri Génès, actor and singer
Sandra Colombo (fr), comedian
Marianne Dissard, singer and film-maker
Industrialists, traders and benefactors
Placide Massey (fr), pharmacist and botanist, great benefactor of
the city of
André Emlinger (fr), military and business leader, originator of
the Kennedy Centre (1909-2005)
Pierre Koffmann, chef
Tarbes in the arts, literature and media
Jean Paulhan, Les Fleurs de
Tarbes ou La Terreur dans les Lettres [The
Tarbes or Terror in the Letters] (1936, 1941)
Tarbes or Winter street scene in
Unlike the historical D'Artagnan, from Gers, the character of
Artagnan in The Three Musketeers, by Alexandre Dumas, comes from
The city of
Tarbes is mentioned in the manga The Familiar of Zero,
Chapter 28, page 8. It is the city where the hero goes to find a
former war machine.
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France
Tarbes is twinned with:
Huesca, Spain, from 7 May 1964
Altenkirchen, Germany, from 24 June 1972
Blason of Huesca
Blason of Altenkirchen
Communes of the
List of bishops of Tarbes (fr)
Grand Tarbes, Communauté d'agglomération du Grand Tarbes (fr)
^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the terms of census have been
amended by Act No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, called "grassroots
democracy law" on the democracy of proximity and in particular Title V
"of census operations", in order, after a power transition period from
2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the
different French administrative districts. For municipalities with
populations greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is
carried out annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is
included at the end of the same period of five years. The first
post-legal population from 1999, and fitting in the new system which
came into force on 1 January 2009, is the census of 2006.
^ In the census table, by convention, the principle was
retained for subsequent legal populations since 1999 not to display
the census populations in the table corresponding to the year 2006,
the first published legal population calculated according to the
concepts defined in Decree No. 2003-485 of 5 June 2003, and the years
corresponding to an exhaustive census survey for municipalities with
less than 10,000 inhabitants, and the years 2006, 2011, 2016, etc. For
municipalities with more than 10,000, the latest legal population is
published by INSEE for all municipalities.
INSEE commune file
^ The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites:Turba
^ "Données climatiques de la station de Tarbes" (in French). Meteo
France. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
^ "Climat Midi-Pyrénées" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved
January 8, 2016.
^ "Normes et records 1961-1990:
Lourdes (65) -
altitude 360m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved January 8,
^ "Tarbes.fr". Archived from the original on 2006-11-26.
^ "Site des Marchés de Pays des Hautes-Pyrénées".
^ "Des innovations technologiques avec le télescope Herschel: le
miroir". Commissariat à l'énergie atomique et aux énergies
alternatives. 16 March 2009.
^ "Formation Recherche". Grand Tarbes.
^ "Une Desserte Privilégiée". Grand Tarbes.
^ a b "Destinations-Vols". Retrieved 16 May 2015.
^ "Une desserte privilégiée". Grand Tarbes.
^ "Bus Alezan".
^ "Vél'en Ville". Mairie de Tarbes.
^ "Tarbes" [Tarbes] (in French). Retrieved 15 May 2015.
Tarbes 2006" [65440-
Tarbes 2006] (in French). Retrieved 15
May 2015. and "65440-
Tarbes 2012" [65440-
Tarbes 2012] (in
French). Retrieved 15 May 2015.
^ "Office du Tourisme de la Ville de Tarbes". Archived from the
original on 31 August 2005.
^ "Le théâtre à l'italienne tarbais". mairie de Tarbes.
^ "Les fontaines de la place Marcadieu". Pyrenees-pireneus.com.
^ "Tarbes.com". Office du Tourisme de la ville de Tarbes. Archived
from the original on 31 August 2005.
^ "Tarbes. Un bowling et des commerces sur l'ancien site de GIAT -
^ "giat tarbes vivra".
^ Article de La Dépêche
^ Saint-Vincent-de-Paul, site du Centre Généalogique des Landes
^ Site de l'Office de Tourisme de la ville de
Tarbes Archived 31
August 2005 at the Wayback Machine.
^ L'église Saint Thérèse : une histoire tourmentée,
^ La communauté des franciscains conventuels,
^ "Tarbes. Le conservatoire Henri-Duparc s'étend à la chapelle". La
Tarbes ville fleurie en toutes saisons". Archived from the original
on 4 October 2008.
^ "Services Espaces Vers de Tarbes". Archived from the original on
^ "Parc Bel Air". Archived from the original on 10 March 2009.
^ "LE PARC DE L'ECHEZ". Archived from the original on 5 May
^ "Grand Tarbes".
^ "Pau : le dernier disquaire ferme ses portes" [Pau: The last
record store closes its doors] (in French). Retrieved 16 May
^ a b "Liste des installations et des clubs sportifs". Archived from
the original on 8 March 2010.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tarbes.
Guide of Tarbes
Tourism office website (in French)
Le Parvis national scene of
Tarbes Pyrénées (in French)
Official site of the Grand
Tarbes (in French)
Prefectures of departments of France
La Rochelle (Charente-Maritime)
Le Puy-en-Velay (Haute-Loire)
Le Mans (Sarthe)
La Roche-sur-Yon (Vendée)
Belfort (Territoire de Belfort)
Cayenne (French Guiana)
Communes of the