Tanganyika may refer to: * Tanganyika (territory) (1916–1961), a former British territory which preceded the sovereign state * Tanganyika (1961–1964), a sovereign state, comprising the mainland part of present-day Tanzania * Tanzania Mainland, the current area of the former country state and territory of Tanganyika * Lake Tanganyika, an African Great Lake * Tanganyika Province, a province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo ** Tanganyika District, the former district of Katanga Province that is now the above province * Tanganyika (film), ''Tanganyika'' (film), a 1954 action adventure film * Tanganyika (album), ''Tanganyika'' (album), a 1956 album by Buddy Collette * HMS ''Tanganyika'', an {{disambig