Talgo is a Spanish manufacturer of intercity, standard, and high speed
1 Corporate history
Talgo 250 HSR
Talgo 250 Hybrid
Talgo 350 HSR
Talgo XXI HSR
Talgo AVRIL HSR
4 Variable Gauge Axles (VGA)
5 See also
7 External links
TALGO (Tren Articulado Ligero Goicoechea Oriol, Goicoechea-Oriol light
Alejandro Goicoechea and José Luis Oriol being
the founders of the company.
Talgo Patents S.A. was first incorporated in 1942.
In March 2007
Talgo sold its Finnish rolling stock manufacturing
Talgo Oy to its local management and other Finnish
investors. The company, which
Talgo had owned for only seven years,
reverted to its previous name of Transtech Oy. The company spends 10
to 12 percent of revenues on research and development, but the main
revenue source is the Spanish railway operator Renfe.
Talgo made an initial public offering on the
Bolsa de Madrid
Bolsa de Madrid in May
2015. The IPO valued the company at €1.27 billion.
In July 2015,
Talgo stated its intention to ship a Series 9 train to
India at its own cost as a demonstration on the Mumbai-
Left: Conventional bogie system.
Right: System Talgo
Talgo trains are best known for their unconventional articulated
railway passenger car that uses a type similar to the Jacobs bogie
Talgo patented in 1941, similar to the Robert Stephenson and
Company trains. The wheels are mounted in pairs but not joined by an
axle and the bogies are shared between coaches rather than underneath
individual coaches. This allows a railway car to take a turn at higher
speed with less swaying. As the coaches are not mounted directly onto
wheel bogies, the coaches are more easily insulated from track noise.
Talgo trains fitted with variable gauge axles can change rail gauge -
for instance at the 1,668 mm Iberian gauge/1,435 mm standard
gauge at the Spanish-French border interchange.
Since the introduction of the
Talgo Pendular in 1980, the train tilts
naturally inwards on curves, allowing it to run faster on curves
without causing discomfort to passengers. The carriage tilting system
pivots around the top of the suspension columns, which has the effect
of partially cancelling out the effects of the lateral acceleration
Talgo and 334 locomotive in Ourense railway station
Talgo trains are divided into a number of generations. They come in
both locomotive hauled and self-propelled versions.
Talgo I was built in 1942 in Spain. The coaches were built at the
"Hijos de Juan Garay" workshop in
Oñati and the locomotive was built
at the workshops of the "Compañía de Norte" in Valladolid. It was
built as a prototype, and it was used to set several railroad speed
records. The first test run occurred between
Guadalajara, Castile-La Mancha
Guadalajara, Castile-La Mancha in October 1942.
Talgo II coaches and locomotives were first built in 1950 at the
American Car and Foundry Company
American Car and Foundry Company (ACF) (the diesel-electric
locomotives were assembled by ACF with electrical components made by
General Electric) works in the
United States under the direction of
Spanish engineers, and entered service on the Rock Island Line,
servicing the Jet Rocket train, between
Chicago and Peoria, Illinois.
One was also trialed on the
New York Central Railroad
New York Central Railroad until 1958 but
saw little success. Talgos were also built for the New York, New
Haven and Hartford Railroad for its "John Quincy Adams" train from
New York City
New York City to Boston, Massachusetts), and the Boston and Maine
Railroad for its "Speed Merchant" train, running between (Boston,
Massachusetts and Portland, Maine). Soon afterwards,
trains began running in Spain, and were successfully operated until
Talgo III train
Talgo III coaches and locomotives entered service in 1964, introducing
longer cars and easy directional reversibility of the cars. The Talgo
III/RD was equipped with variable gauge axles, and this permitted the
introduction, on 1 June 1969, of the first through train between
Geneva (the Catalan Talgo), despite the difference in
rail gauge. The same equipment was used for the Barcelona
Talgo, which began operation on 26 May 1974 as the first-ever through
train service between
Barcelona and Paris.
Talgo Pendular cars
Talgo Pendular (
Talgo IV and
Talgo V, also VI &
Talgo 200 or
6th generation), introduced in 1980, created the "natural tilting"
train, using a passive system that tilts the carriages with no need
for electronic sensors or hydraulic equipment. The wheels are
mounted on monoaxles between the carriages, and sitting on top of the
monoaxles are suspension columns. The carriages are attached to the
top of the suspension columns and swing outwards as the train goes
through a curve.
In 1988, a
Talgo Pendular was used on trials for
Amtrak on the
Boston-New York corridor in the
United States and on Deutsche Bahn
lines in Germany. Trial commercial services with
Talgo cars in the
US commenced in 1994 between Seattle and Portland, and from 1998
different trains have been used on the
Amtrak Cascades services from
Vancouver, British Columbia
Vancouver, British Columbia south to Seattle, Washington, continuing
Portland, Oregon to Eugene, Oregon. Five
Talgo IV trains
were in use in Argentina on the General Roca Railway, however they
have since been replaced by
CNR Dalian rolling stock and their future
is uncertain as of 2015.
Talgo 200 series trains are also in use in
Kazakhstan for the
overnight train Almaty–Astana.
Talgo VII train on a Spanish Altaria service from
Madrid - Barcelona
passing Viladecans (Barcelona)
Talgo VII introduced beginning in 2000 is used as a
locomotive-pulled train set as well as intermediate cars for the
Talgo 350 and
Talgo XXI. The carriages are
similar to the
Talgo Pendular type but have an air-controlled
hydraulic brake system and power supply from head end power instead of
diesel engine-generators in the end cars.
Talgo VII trains have cars
with one pair of wheels in the middle rather than at one end.
The Series 8 passenger cars are similar to the Series VII cars, but
are designed for the North American market.
Talgo made an agreement in
2009 to build a manufacturing facility in
Wisconsin which would
initially supply two 14-car trainsets for the
Amtrak Hiawatha Service.
The company expressed hope the plant would later be used to build
trains for other U.S. rail projects.
Early in 2010, the Oregon Department of Transportation announced that
it had negotiated the purchase of two 13-car trainsets for use in the
Pacific Northwest rail corridor between Eugene and Vancouver, British
Columbia. These trainsets were also manufactured in Wisconsin, and
were delivered in 2013. The sets are currently operating in the
"Cascades" corridor in the Pacific Northwest. They have been
integrated with the five existing sets in regular service. The
Series 8 trains offer passengers many modern amenities including high
speed Wi-Fi, reclining seats and a full service bistro and lounge car.
In 2014, the state of
Michigan expressed interest in operating the
Talgo 8 cars for their
Amtrak Wolverine service.
In the wake of the 2017 Washington train derailment,
to lease or buy two
Talgo trainsets which were originally bought for
Wisconsin but never operated. These will see service on the
Main article: Strizh (train)
This series, designed for
Russia and Kazakhstan, has features wide
bodyshell and wheelsets. There are three versions, consisting of
either 1520mm fixed gauge, 1520-1435mm variable gauge or 1520-1676mm
variable gauge. They are used in the Berlin-
Moscow line (December
The final successful test run of the
Talgo 9 series coaches was
India on September 10, 2016.
Talgo 250 HSR
RENFE Class 130
Talgo 250 is a dual voltage electric train (AC/DC) equipped with
variable gauge axles. This allows the units to be used on high-speed
lines and on conventional broad gauge lines. A
Talgo 250 train
consists of two power cars and 11
Talgo VII intermediate coaches. This
class was developed for
RENFE (classed as S-130). One trainset was
involved in the Santiago de Compostela accident on 24 July 2013.
Uzbekistan Railways ordered two
Talgo 250 sets of a Russian gauge
version in 2009. The first set arrived at Tashkent in July 2011.
Talgo 250 Hybrid
Talgo 250 Hybrid is a dual-voltage dual-power train equipped with
variable gauge axles. The train is therefore also able to operate on
non-electrified lines. A
Talgo 250 Hybrid train consists of two power
cars, two technical end coaches and nine
Talgo VII intermediate
coaches. The trains were developed for
RENFE and classed initially as
S-130H, later as S-730). They are rebuilt from existing
Talgo 350 HSR
Talgo 350 train as used for
AVE high-speed services between
AVE Class 102
Talgo 350 entered service as the
AVE Class 102 marking the
company's entry into the high-speed train manufacturing market. Tests
with the prototype commenced in 1994, and
Talgo 350 trains have
been operating at a top commercial speed of 330 km/h on the
Barcelona and Madrid-
Valladolid lines since 22 December 2007.
This series of trains is designed to reach a speed of 350 km/h
(220 mph), although present lines and commercial services limit
the speed to 330 km/h (205 mph). The train consists
of two power cars and
Talgo VII intermediate cars with improved brakes
and additional primary suspension.
Talgo XXI HSR
RENFE class 355 /
Talgo XXI /
Talgo XXI is a project for a high speed diesel-powered train, that
operates in push-pull with one or two power cars and
intermediate cars. The North American version has four-axle power cars
in compliance with
United States FRA regulations. Only one train in
compliance with European UIC standards has been built to date.
Talgo reported that the
Talgo XXI attained 256 km/h on the
Olmedo-Medina del Campo high speed experimental line on 9 July
2002, which led to a claim for the world speed record for a diesel
train. However, this claim was never proven. After the test runs the
train was sold to the Spanish infrastructure authority ADIF as a
measuring train for high speed lines.
Possible specs are:
Two MTU 12V 4000 R64 engines (two power cars configuration) or one MTU
12V 4000 R84 engine (one power car configuration), up to 1.800 rpm,
high speed diesel, Euro IIIB compliant with [diesel particulate
filter] and [exhaust gas recirculation] aftertreatment system
2x1.500 kW (3 MW) or 1x1.800 kW power ratings
Voith hydraulic transmission
Hydrodynamic and air braking
5 to 12 passenger coaches, depending on the setup
Up to 400 seats
Designed for a top speed of 220 km/h (135 mph)
Power car with shared trailer axle
Talgo AVRIL HSR
Talgo AVRIL in the International Exhibition InnoTrans,
Talgo has developed recently a train known as "AVRIL" (Alta Velocidad
Rueda Independiente Ligero — Light High-Speed Independent Wheel),
intended for speeds of 380 kilometres per hour (240 mph). The
system uses underfloor traction in the front and rear vehicles, with
the intermediate carriages having the
Talgo Pendular system (which
cannot use motored axles on the axles corresponding to the system).
Starting with the concept stage in 2009, it began dynamic testing on
the Spanish high-speed network in 2014, and was approved in May
2016. It won its first major contract in November 2016, for the
Mediterranean corridor in Spain, and its link to Paris.
Variable Gauge Axles (VGA)
In addition to the multiple units with Variable Gauge Axles, Talgo
built in 2005 a prototype of a VGA locomotive (the L-9202, TRAV-CA,
130-901 or Virgen del Buen Camino).
Haramain High Speed Rail Project
^ Information about
Talgo Archived 2012-04-25 at the Wayback Machine.
^ a b c d
Mauro F. Guillén (2001). The Limits of Convergence.
Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-05705-2. Retrieved 7 May
^ a b
Mauro F. Guillén (2005). The Rise of Spanish Multinationals.
Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 7 May 2008.
^ "IPO values
Talgo at €1.27bn". Railway Gazette. 7 May 2015.
Retrieved 15 July 2015.
^ Dhoot, Vikas (24 July 2015). "Train from Spain: Government
Talgo proposal to run trial runs of faster trains trains
between Mumbai, Delhi". Economic Times. New Delhi. Retrieved Jul 24,
^ For trial run in India, wheelset being adjusted from 1520mm (Russian
gauge) to 1676mm (Indian gauge).
^ a b c d "Historia de Talgo". www.talgo.com. Retrieved 15 June
^ "Historie". www.talgo.de. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
^ Kirkland, John F. (November 1985). The Diesel Builders Volume 1:
Fairbanks-Morse and Lima-Hamilton. Interurban Press.
^ "Stop Press" (changes taking effect). Cooks Continental Timetable
(June 1969 edition), p. 6; also pp. 71, 106. London: Thomas Cook
Barcelona Talgo". Thomas Cook Continental Timetable (June 1975
edition), p. 466. Thomas Cook Publishing.
^ "TALGO AMERICA - History". www.talgoamerica.com. Archived from the
original on 25 June 2008. Retrieved 7 May 2008.
^ ¿Traslado al cementerio? - Cronica Ferroviaria, 5 May 2015.
Kazakhstan Buys Two
Talgo Trains, International Railway Journal
(1 December 2000)
^ a b "
Talgo 7". Christian Torrego, 2002-2003 (Translation by P.L.
Guillemin, April 2003). Archived from the original on 3 April 2009.
Retrieved 29 December 2008.
Talgo trains". Railway Gazette International. 21
July 2009. Retrieved 15 December 2009.
^ "History: North American Milestones".
Talgo America. Archived from
the original on 26 December 2010. Retrieved 15 December 2009.
^ "ODOT purchases passenger trains". Retrieved 28 February 2010.
^ "Oregon's new trains, new schedule begin Jan. 6". Retrieved 22 March
^ "Amtrak's Detroit-
Chicago trip to get faster, plusher with
upgrades". The Detroit News. September 15, 2014. Archived from the
original on October 22, 2014. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
^ Federal Railroad Administration (February 1, 2018). "Petition for
Waiver of Compliance" (PDF). Federal Register. Government Publishing
Office. 83 (22): 4728.
^ The final successful test run of the
Talgo 9 series coaches was
India in the first week of September, 2016.
^ "Productos Talgo". www.talgo.com. Archived from the original on 18
April 2008. Retrieved 7 May 2008.
^ "Uzbekistan Temir Yollari
Talgo 250 - Ferropedia". ferropedia.es.
Retrieved 6 April 2018.
Talgo 250" (PDF). www.talgo.com. Archived from the original (PDF)
on 15 September 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
^ "Railway Technology - Spain's Great Rail Race - High-Speed Train
Lines". www.railway-technology.com. Retrieved 7 May 2008.
Talgo evolves its unique design for ultra high speed - High
Speed: Spain, International Railway Journal, 1 October 2002
Talgo XXI"., la enciclopedia libre (in Spanish).
^ "TALGO AMERICA -
Talgo XXI". www.talgoamerica.com. Archived from the
original on 24 June 2008. Retrieved 7 May 2008.
^ "Talgo: History". www.talgo.com. Archived from the original on 18
April 2008. Retrieved 2 June 2008.
^ "Talgo's 380 km/h Avril train to take on the airlines". Railway
Gazette International. 27 July 2009.
^ Puente, Fernando. "
Talgo Avril starts dynamic testing".
railjournal.com. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
Talgo wins the most important high-speed tender in Europe". Talgo.
Retrieved 19 August 2017.
^ "TRAVCA article in Ferropedia.es". ferropedia.org. Retrieved 6 April
^ "THE EST CRASH BUFFER - Information and References on the EST Crash
Buffers G1, R1 and X1". www.crashbuffer.com. Retrieved 6 April
2018. horizontal tab character in title= at position 23 (help)
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Talgo.
Talgo official Site
Catalán Talgo's Site (Non official)
Talgo America Web site (English)
Interactive 360° panoramas of the interiors of
Talgo 7, Avril, Talgo
Talgo 6 (DB)
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