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Talgo
Talgo
is a Spanish manufacturer of intercity, standard, and high speed passenger trains.

Contents

1 Corporate history 2 Design 3 Trains

3.1 Talgo
Talgo
I 3.2 Talgo
Talgo
II 3.3 Talgo
Talgo
III 3.4 Talgo
Talgo
Pendular 3.5 Talgo
Talgo
VII 3.6 Talgo
Talgo
8 3.7 Talgo
Talgo
9 3.8 Talgo 250
Talgo 250
HSR 3.9 Talgo 250
Talgo 250
Hybrid 3.10 Talgo 350
Talgo 350
HSR 3.11 Talgo XXI
Talgo XXI
HSR 3.12 Talgo AVRIL HSR

4 Variable Gauge Axles (VGA) 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Corporate history[edit] TALGO (Tren Articulado Ligero Goicoechea Oriol, Goicoechea-Oriol light articulated train), Alejandro Goicoechea and José Luis Oriol being the founders of the company. Talgo
Talgo
Patents S.A. was first incorporated in 1942. In March 2007 Talgo
Talgo
sold its Finnish rolling stock manufacturing subsidiary Talgo
Talgo
Oy to its local management and other Finnish investors. The company, which Talgo
Talgo
had owned for only seven years, reverted to its previous name of Transtech Oy. The company spends 10 to 12 percent of revenues on research and development,[2] but the main revenue source is the Spanish railway operator Renfe.[3] Talgo
Talgo
made an initial public offering on the Bolsa de Madrid
Bolsa de Madrid
in May 2015. The IPO valued the company at €1.27 billion.[4] In July 2015, Talgo
Talgo
stated its intention to ship a Series 9 train to India
India
at its own cost as a demonstration on the Mumbai- Delhi
Delhi
rail route.[5][6] Design[edit]

Left: Conventional bogie system. Right: System Talgo

Talgo
Talgo
trains are best known for their unconventional articulated railway passenger car that uses a type similar to the Jacobs bogie that Talgo
Talgo
patented in 1941, similar to the Robert Stephenson and Company trains. The wheels are mounted in pairs but not joined by an axle and the bogies are shared between coaches rather than underneath individual coaches. This allows a railway car to take a turn at higher speed with less swaying. As the coaches are not mounted directly onto wheel bogies, the coaches are more easily insulated from track noise. Talgo
Talgo
trains fitted with variable gauge axles can change rail gauge - for instance at the 1,668 mm Iberian gauge/1,435 mm standard gauge at the Spanish-French border interchange. Since the introduction of the Talgo
Talgo
Pendular in 1980, the train tilts naturally inwards on curves, allowing it to run faster on curves without causing discomfort to passengers. The carriage tilting system pivots around the top of the suspension columns, which has the effect of partially cancelling out the effects of the lateral acceleration when cornering. Trains[edit]

Talgo
Talgo
and 334 locomotive in Ourense railway station

Talgo
Talgo
trains are divided into a number of generations. They come in both locomotive hauled and self-propelled versions. Talgo
Talgo
I[edit] The Talgo
Talgo
I was built in 1942 in Spain. The coaches were built at the "Hijos de Juan Garay" workshop in Oñati
Oñati
and the locomotive was built at the workshops of the "Compañía de Norte" in Valladolid.[7] It was built as a prototype, and it was used to set several railroad speed records.[2] The first test run occurred between Madrid
Madrid
and Guadalajara, Castile-La Mancha
Guadalajara, Castile-La Mancha
in October 1942.[8] Talgo
Talgo
II[edit] Talgo
Talgo
II coaches and locomotives were first built in 1950 at the American Car and Foundry Company
American Car and Foundry Company
(ACF) (the diesel-electric locomotives were assembled by ACF with electrical components made by General Electric) works in the United States
United States
under the direction of Spanish engineers, and entered service on the Rock Island Line, servicing the Jet Rocket train, between Chicago
Chicago
and Peoria, Illinois. One was also trialed on the New York Central Railroad
New York Central Railroad
until 1958 but saw little success.[2] Talgos were also built for the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad for its "John Quincy Adams" train from ( New York City
New York City
to Boston, Massachusetts), and the Boston and Maine Railroad for its "Speed Merchant" train, running between (Boston, Massachusetts and Portland, Maine).[9] Soon afterwards, Talgo
Talgo
II trains began running in Spain, and were successfully operated until 1972.[7] Talgo
Talgo
III[edit]

A locomotive-hauled Talgo
Talgo
III train

Talgo
Talgo
III coaches and locomotives entered service in 1964, introducing longer cars and easy directional reversibility of the cars. The Talgo III/RD was equipped with variable gauge axles, and this permitted the introduction, on 1 June 1969, of the first through train between Barcelona
Barcelona
and Geneva
Geneva
(the Catalan Talgo), despite the difference in rail gauge.[2][10] The same equipment was used for the Barcelona Talgo, which began operation on 26 May 1974 as the first-ever through train service between Barcelona
Barcelona
and Paris.[11] Talgo
Talgo
Pendular[edit]

Amtrak
Amtrak
Cascades Talgo
Talgo
Pendular cars

The Talgo
Talgo
Pendular ( Talgo
Talgo
IV and Talgo
Talgo
V, also VI & Talgo
Talgo
200 or 6th generation), introduced in 1980, created the "natural tilting" train, using a passive system that tilts the carriages with no need for electronic sensors or hydraulic equipment.[3] The wheels are mounted on monoaxles between the carriages, and sitting on top of the monoaxles are suspension columns. The carriages are attached to the top of the suspension columns and swing outwards as the train goes through a curve. In 1988, a Talgo
Talgo
Pendular was used on trials for Amtrak
Amtrak
on the Boston-New York corridor in the United States
United States
and on Deutsche Bahn lines in Germany.[7] Trial commercial services with Talgo
Talgo
cars in the US commenced in 1994 between Seattle and Portland, and from 1998 different trains have been used on the Amtrak
Amtrak
Cascades services from Vancouver, British Columbia
Vancouver, British Columbia
south to Seattle, Washington, continuing south via Portland, Oregon
Portland, Oregon
to Eugene, Oregon.[12] Five Talgo
Talgo
IV trains were in use in Argentina on the General Roca Railway, however they have since been replaced by CNR Dalian
CNR Dalian
rolling stock and their future is uncertain as of 2015.[13] Talgo
Talgo
200 series trains are also in use in Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
for the overnight train Almaty–Astana.[14] Talgo
Talgo
VII[edit]

Talgo
Talgo
VII train on a Spanish Altaria service from Madrid
Madrid
- Barcelona passing Viladecans (Barcelona)

The Talgo
Talgo
VII introduced beginning in 2000 is used as a locomotive-pulled train set as well as intermediate cars for the multiple units Talgo
Talgo
250, Talgo 350
Talgo 350
and Talgo
Talgo
XXI. The carriages are similar to the Talgo
Talgo
Pendular type but have an air-controlled hydraulic brake system and power supply from head end power instead of diesel engine-generators in the end cars. Talgo
Talgo
VII trains have cars with one pair of wheels in the middle rather than at one end.[15] Talgo
Talgo
8[edit] The Series 8 passenger cars are similar to the Series VII cars, but are designed for the North American market. Talgo
Talgo
made an agreement in 2009 to build a manufacturing facility in Wisconsin
Wisconsin
which would initially supply two 14-car trainsets for the Amtrak
Amtrak
Hiawatha Service. The company expressed hope the plant would later be used to build trains for other U.S. rail projects.[16][17] Early in 2010, the Oregon Department of Transportation announced that it had negotiated the purchase of two 13-car trainsets for use in the Pacific Northwest rail corridor between Eugene and Vancouver, British Columbia.[18] These trainsets were also manufactured in Wisconsin, and were delivered in 2013. The sets are currently operating in the "Cascades" corridor in the Pacific Northwest. They have been integrated with the five existing sets in regular service.[19] The Series 8 trains offer passengers many modern amenities including high speed Wi-Fi, reclining seats and a full service bistro and lounge car. In 2014, the state of Michigan
Michigan
expressed interest in operating the unused Talgo
Talgo
8 cars for their Amtrak
Amtrak
Wolverine service.[20] In the wake of the 2017 Washington train derailment, Amtrak
Amtrak
proposed to lease or buy two Talgo
Talgo
trainsets which were originally bought for use in Wisconsin
Wisconsin
but never operated. These will see service on the Cascades service.[21] Talgo
Talgo
9[edit] Main article: Strizh (train) This series, designed for Russia
Russia
and Kazakhstan, has features wide bodyshell and wheelsets. There are three versions, consisting of either 1520mm fixed gauge, 1520-1435mm variable gauge or 1520-1676mm variable gauge. They are used in the Berlin- Moscow
Moscow
line (December 2016). The final successful test run of the Talgo
Talgo
9 series coaches was completed in India
India
on September 10, 2016.[22] Talgo 250
Talgo 250
HSR[edit] Main article: RENFE
RENFE
Class 130 The Talgo 250
Talgo 250
is a dual voltage electric train (AC/DC) equipped with variable gauge axles. This allows the units to be used on high-speed lines and on conventional broad gauge lines. A Talgo 250
Talgo 250
train consists of two power cars and 11 Talgo
Talgo
VII intermediate coaches. This class was developed for RENFE
RENFE
(classed as S-130).[23] One trainset was involved in the Santiago de Compostela accident on 24 July 2013. Uzbekistan Railways ordered two Talgo 250
Talgo 250
sets of a Russian gauge version in 2009. The first set arrived at Tashkent in July 2011.[24] Talgo 250
Talgo 250
Hybrid[edit] The Talgo 250
Talgo 250
Hybrid is a dual-voltage dual-power train equipped with variable gauge axles. The train is therefore also able to operate on non-electrified lines. A Talgo 250
Talgo 250
Hybrid train consists of two power cars, two technical end coaches and nine Talgo
Talgo
VII intermediate coaches. The trains were developed for RENFE
RENFE
and classed initially as S-130H, later as S-730). They are rebuilt from existing Talgo
Talgo
250 trains.[25] Talgo 350
Talgo 350
HSR[edit]

Talgo 350
Talgo 350
train as used for AVE
AVE
high-speed services between Madrid
Madrid
- Valencia

Main article: AVE
AVE
Class 102 The Talgo 350
Talgo 350
entered service as the RENFE
RENFE
AVE
AVE
Class 102 marking the company's entry into the high-speed train manufacturing market. Tests with the prototype commenced in 1994,[7] and Talgo 350
Talgo 350
trains have been operating at a top commercial speed of 330 km/h on the Madrid- Barcelona
Barcelona
and Madrid- Valladolid
Valladolid
lines since 22 December 2007. This series of trains is designed to reach a speed of 350 km/h (220 mph), although present lines and commercial services limit the speed to 330 km/h (205 mph).[26][27] The train consists of two power cars and Talgo
Talgo
VII intermediate cars with improved brakes and additional primary suspension.[15] Talgo XXI
Talgo XXI
HSR[edit]

RENFE
RENFE
class 355 / Talgo XXI
Talgo XXI
/ Talgo
Talgo
BT

Talgo XXI
Talgo XXI
is a project for a high speed diesel-powered train,[28] that operates in push-pull with one or two power cars and Talgo
Talgo
VII intermediate cars. The North American version has four-axle power cars in compliance with United States
United States
FRA regulations. Only one train in compliance with European UIC standards has been built to date.[29] Talgo
Talgo
reported that the Talgo XXI
Talgo XXI
attained 256 km/h on the Olmedo-Medina del Campo high speed experimental line on 9 July 2002,[30] which led to a claim for the world speed record for a diesel train. However, this claim was never proven. After the test runs the train was sold to the Spanish infrastructure authority ADIF as a measuring train for high speed lines. Possible specs are:

Two MTU 12V 4000 R64 engines (two power cars configuration) or one MTU 12V 4000 R84 engine (one power car configuration), up to 1.800 rpm, high speed diesel, Euro IIIB compliant with [diesel particulate filter] and [exhaust gas recirculation] aftertreatment system 2x1.500 kW (3 MW) or 1x1.800 kW power ratings Voith hydraulic transmission Hydrodynamic and air braking Variable gauge 5 to 12 passenger coaches, depending on the setup Up to 400 seats Designed for a top speed of 220 km/h (135 mph) Power car
Power car
with shared trailer axle

Talgo AVRIL HSR[edit]

Talgo AVRIL in the International Exhibition InnoTrans, Germany
Germany
2012

Talgo
Talgo
has developed recently a train known as "AVRIL" (Alta Velocidad Rueda Independiente Ligero — Light High-Speed Independent Wheel), intended for speeds of 380 kilometres per hour (240 mph).[31] The system uses underfloor traction in the front and rear vehicles, with the intermediate carriages having the Talgo
Talgo
Pendular system (which cannot use motored axles on the axles corresponding to the system). Starting with the concept stage in 2009, it began dynamic testing on the Spanish high-speed network in 2014,[32] and was approved in May 2016. It won its first major contract in November 2016, for the Mediterranean corridor in Spain, and its link to Paris.[33] Variable Gauge Axles (VGA)[edit] In addition to the multiple units with Variable Gauge Axles, Talgo built in 2005 a prototype of a VGA locomotive (the L-9202, TRAV-CA, 130-901 or Virgen del Buen Camino).[34][35] See also[edit]

Amtrak
Amtrak
Cascades Articulated car EMD LWT12 FM P-12-42 Tilting train UAC TurboTrain Wheelset (railroad) Haramain High Speed Rail Project

References[edit]

^ Information about Talgo
Talgo
Archived 2012-04-25 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b c d Mauro F. Guillén (2001). The Limits of Convergence. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-05705-2. Retrieved 7 May 2008.  ^ a b Mauro F. Guillén (2005). The Rise of Spanish Multinationals. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 7 May 2008.  ^ "IPO values Talgo
Talgo
at €1.27bn". Railway Gazette. 7 May 2015. Retrieved 15 July 2015.  ^ Dhoot, Vikas (24 July 2015). "Train from Spain: Government considering Talgo
Talgo
proposal to run trial runs of faster trains trains between Mumbai, Delhi". Economic Times. New Delhi. Retrieved Jul 24, 2015.  ^ For trial run in India, wheelset being adjusted from 1520mm (Russian gauge) to 1676mm (Indian gauge). ^ a b c d "Historia de Talgo". www.talgo.com. Retrieved 15 June 2010.  ^ "Historie". www.talgo.de. Retrieved 3 October 2014.  ^ Kirkland, John F. (November 1985). The Diesel Builders Volume 1: Fairbanks-Morse and Lima-Hamilton. Interurban Press. ISBN 0-916374-69-6.  ^ "Stop Press" (changes taking effect). Cooks Continental Timetable (June 1969 edition), p. 6; also pp. 71, 106. London: Thomas Cook Publishing. ^ " Barcelona
Barcelona
Talgo". Thomas Cook Continental Timetable (June 1975 edition), p. 466. Thomas Cook Publishing. ^ "TALGO AMERICA - History". www.talgoamerica.com. Archived from the original on 25 June 2008. Retrieved 7 May 2008.  ^ ¿Traslado al cementerio? - Cronica Ferroviaria, 5 May 2015. ^ [1] Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
Buys Two Talgo
Talgo
Trains, International Railway Journal (1 December 2000) ^ a b " Talgo
Talgo
7". Christian Torrego, 2002-2003 (Translation by P.L. Guillemin, April 2003). Archived from the original on 3 April 2009. Retrieved 29 December 2008.  ^ " Wisconsin
Wisconsin
wants Talgo
Talgo
trains". Railway Gazette International. 21 July 2009. Retrieved 15 December 2009.  ^ "History: North American Milestones". Talgo
Talgo
America. Archived from the original on 26 December 2010. Retrieved 15 December 2009.  ^ "ODOT purchases passenger trains". Retrieved 28 February 2010.  ^ "Oregon's new trains, new schedule begin Jan. 6". Retrieved 22 March 2015.  ^ "Amtrak's Detroit- Chicago
Chicago
trip to get faster, plusher with upgrades". The Detroit News. September 15, 2014. Archived from the original on October 22, 2014. Retrieved October 22, 2014.  ^ Federal Railroad Administration (February 1, 2018). "Petition for Waiver of Compliance" (PDF). Federal Register. Government Publishing Office. 83 (22): 4728.  ^ The final successful test run of the Talgo
Talgo
9 series coaches was completed in India
India
in the first week of September, 2016. ^ "Productos Talgo". www.talgo.com. Archived from the original on 18 April 2008. Retrieved 7 May 2008.  ^ "Uzbekistan Temir Yollari Talgo 250
Talgo 250
- Ferropedia". ferropedia.es. Retrieved 6 April 2018.  ^ " Talgo
Talgo
250" (PDF). www.talgo.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 September 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2011.  ^ "Railway Technology - Spain's Great Rail Race - High-Speed Train Lines". www.railway-technology.com. Retrieved 7 May 2008.  ^ [2] Talgo
Talgo
evolves its unique design for ultra high speed - High Speed: Spain, International Railway Journal, 1 October 2002 ^ " Talgo
Talgo
XXI"., la enciclopedia libre (in Spanish). 2016-09-05.  ^ "TALGO AMERICA - Talgo
Talgo
XXI". www.talgoamerica.com. Archived from the original on 24 June 2008. Retrieved 7 May 2008.  ^ "Talgo: History". www.talgo.com. Archived from the original on 18 April 2008. Retrieved 2 June 2008.  ^ "Talgo's 380 km/h Avril train to take on the airlines". Railway Gazette International. 27 July 2009.  ^ Puente, Fernando. " Talgo
Talgo
Avril starts dynamic testing". railjournal.com. Retrieved 6 April 2018.  ^ " Talgo
Talgo
wins the most important high-speed tender in Europe". Talgo. Retrieved 19 August 2017.  ^ "TRAVCA article in Ferropedia.es". ferropedia.org. Retrieved 6 April 2018.  ^ "THE EST CRASH BUFFER - Information and References on the EST Crash Buffers G1, R1 and X1". www.crashbuffer.com. Retrieved 6 April 2018.  horizontal tab character in title= at position 23 (help)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Talgo.

Talgo
Talgo
official Site Catalán Talgo's Site (Non official) Talgo
Talgo
America Web site (English) Talgo
Talgo
Deutschland Interactive 360° panoramas of the interiors of Talgo
Talgo
7, Avril, Talgo 4 cama, Talgo
Talgo
6 (DB)

v t e

Rolling stock of Renfe
Renfe
Operadora

Electric

High-speed trains

100 101 102 103 104 112 114 120 121 104 130 490

Mainline locomotives

250 251 252 253 269 276 277 278 279 289 299

Mainline EMUs

432 440 443 444 448 449 470

Commuter trains

430 431 433 434 435 436 439 440 440R 441 442 445 446 447 450 451 46* (Civia)

Diesel

Mainline locomotives

313 314 316 318 319 319.2 319.3 319.4 321 333 334 340 350 352 353 354

Mainline and commuter trains

591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599

Shunters

301 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311

Steam

Mainline

030-2107 030-2128 to 2205 030-2107 030-2128 030-2206 030-2340 030-2537 040-2071 040-2091 040-2271 to 2285 (MZA) 062-0401 (andaluces) 140 141 151 180 230 230-4001 240-2001 (andaluces) 240-2081 282F 462-0401 553

see also Category: RENFE
RENFE
locomotives Category:Rolling stock manufacturers of Spain Rail transport
Rail transport
in Spain

v t e

Amtrak
Amtrak
rolling stock

Current

Railcars and trainsets

Amfleet Horizon Surfliner Superliner California Car Viewliner Talgo Acela Express Metroliner cab car Comet IB Heritage Fleet Auto Train
Auto Train
Autorack NGCE Bi-Level (future)

Diesel locomotives

GE Genesis P40DC GE Genesis P42DC EMD F59PHI GE P32-8WH EMD GP38H-3 Siemens Charger

Dual-mode locomotives

GE Genesis P32AC-DM

Electric locomotives

Siemens ACS-64

Work locomotives

EMD GP38 EMD MP15 EMD SW1 EMD SW1000R EMD SW1001 EMD SW1500 GE 80t MPI GP15 MPI MP14B
MPI MP14B
/ MP21B

Former

Railcars and trainsets

Bombardier LRC Budd RDC Hi-Level

Diesel locomotives

EMD E8
EMD E8
/ E9 EMD F3B / F7 / FP7 EMD SDP40F GE P30CH EMD F40PH
EMD F40PH
/ F40PHR EMD F69PHAC

Dual-mode locomotives

EMD FL9

Electric locomotives

PRR GG1 Budd Metroliner
Budd Metroliner
(EMU) GE E60 EMD AEM-7 Bombardier HHP-8

Gas turbine trainsets

UAC TurboTrain ANF/Rohr Turboliner

Work locomotives

ALCO RS-1
ALCO RS-1
/ RS-3 ALCO S-2 EMD CF7 EMD GP7
EMD GP7
/ GP9 EMD GP40 EMD SSB1200 EMD SW8 GE 45t / 65t Railpower GG20B PRR E4

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