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The Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
also known as the Malankara Syrian Catholic Church
Catholic Church
(Malayalam: മലങ്കര സുറിയാനി കത്തോലിക്കാ സഭ) is an Eastern Catholic
Eastern Catholic
Major Archiepiscopal Church
Major Archiepiscopal Church
in full communion with the Bishop
Bishop
of Rome, the Pope. It is one of the twenty-three sui iuris Eastern Catholic Churches
Eastern Catholic Churches
in the Catholic communion. The Church is headed by Major Archbishop
Major Archbishop
Cardinal Moran Mor Baselios Cleemis
Baselios Cleemis
of the Major Archdiocese of Trivandrum in Kerala, India. The Church follows the West Syriac Rite
West Syriac Rite
liturgy of Saint James, which is also used in the Maronite
Maronite
Church, the Syriac Catholic Church, and the Syriac Orthodox Church. The Church traces its origins to the evangelistic activity of Thomas the Apostle in the 1st century.[1][2][3][4] It is one of the two Eastern Catholic Churches
Eastern Catholic Churches
from India, the other one being the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church
Catholic Church
which uses the East Syriac Rite
East Syriac Rite
liturgy. The Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
was established on 20 September 1930 as a result of the re-union movement under the leadership of Archbishop Mar Ivanios, when it split from the Malankara Church
Malankara Church
and entered into communion with the Catholic Church. The Malankara Church
Malankara Church
itself had emerged from the split within the Saint Thomas Christian
Saint Thomas Christian
community of the 16th century; previously the entire community had comprised a province of the Church of the East, or the Nestorian Church, based in Persia. However, the collapse of the Church of the East
Church of the East
and influence from the Portuguese, who tried to bring them under the Latin Rite
Latin Rite
of the Catholic Church, led to a rift in the community. Eventually, the majority entered into communion with the Catholic Church, as the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, while the rest formed the Malankara Church and aligned with the Syriac Orthodox Church
Syriac Orthodox Church
of Antioch. This latter group became gradually closer to the Syriac Orthodox
Syriac Orthodox
Patriarch of Antioch, leading to a series of splits concerning the extent to which the Patriarch
Patriarch
would be given authority.

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Saint Thomas Christians

History

Saint Thomas · Thomas of Cana · Mar Sabor and Mar Proth · Tharisapalli plates · Synod of Diamper · Coonan Cross Oath

Religion

Crosses · Denominations · Churches · Syriac language · Music

Prominent persons

Abraham Malpan · Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar · Kayamkulam Philipose Ramban · Kuriakose Elias Chavara · Varghese Payyappilly Palakkappilly · Mar Thoma I · Saint Alphonsa · Sadhu Kochoonju Upadesi · Kariattil Mar Ousep · Geevarghese Dionysius of Vattasseril · Geevarghese Mar Gregorios of Parumala · Geevarghese Ivanios · Saint Alphonsa · Euphrasia Eluvathingal · Thoma of Villarvattom

Culture

Margamkali · Parichamuttukali · Cuisine · Suriyani Malayalam

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Part of a series on

Christianity in India

Background

Saint Thomas Christians
Saint Thomas Christians
(Nasrani) Saint Thomas Christian
Saint Thomas Christian
churches Saint Thomas Christian
Saint Thomas Christian
cross Synod of Diamper Coonan Cross Oath Malankara (historical)

People

Saint Thomas the Apostle Saint Alphonsa Saint Francis Xavier Saint Gonsalo Garcia Saint Euphrasia Eluvathingal Saint Kuriakose Elias Chavara Saint Mother Teresa Bl.Devasahayam Pillai Mar Sabor and Mar Proth Mar Baselios Eldho Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar Thomas of Cana Ignatius Elias III Mar Gregorios of Parumala Mar Varghese Payyappilly Palakkappilly Mar Joseph C. Panjikaran Mathews Mar Athanasius Metropolitan Mar Geevarghese Dionysius Abraham Malpan Palackal Thoma Malpan Mar Augustine Kandathil William Carey

Denominations

Catholic

Catholic Church
Catholic Church
in India, Syro-Malabar Catholic, Syro-Malankara Catholic

Oriental Orthodox

Brahmavar Orthodox Church, Malankara Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Church, Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church

Church of the East

Chaldean Syrian, Malankara Church

Reformed Oriental Orthodox

Mar Thoma Syrian, Malabar Independent Syrian Church

Protestant

Andhra Evangelical Lutheran, Assemblies Jehovah Shammah, Christian Revival Church, Church of North India, Church of South India, Garo Baptist, Indian Brethren, Indian Pentecostal
Pentecostal
Church of God, Church of God (Full Gospel), North Bank Baptist
Baptist
Christian, Northern Evangelical Lutheran, Presbyterian, The Pentecostal
Pentecostal
Mission, St. Thomas Evangelical, Seventh-day Adventist, United Evangelical Lutheran

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Contents

1 History

1.1 Divisions among Saint Thomas Christians 1.2 Turbulence in Malankara Church 1.3 Geevarghese Ivanios 1.4 Establishment of Bethany Ashram 1.5 Ecclesial communion

2 After reunion movement

2.1 Metropolitan Archbishop
Archbishop
Benedict Gregorios 2.2 Cyril Baselios 2.3 Baselios Cleemis

3 Eparchies and Exarchates 4 Statistics 5 Hierarchs

5.1 Late Lamented Metropolitans

6 Liturgy and worship 7 In the Indian diaspora 8 Around the world

8.1 United States 8.2 Canada and Europe 8.3 Middle East

9 Religious orders 10 Seminaries 11 Colleges 12 Malankara Catholic Youth Movement

12.1 MCYM Branches

13 Malankara Catholic Association 14 Official name 15 See also 16 Sources

16.1 Additional sources

17 External links

History[edit] Divisions among Saint Thomas Christians[edit]

Relationship of the Nasrani groups

A protest took place in 1653 with the Coonan Cross Oath. Under the leadership of Archdeacon Thomas, the Thomas Christians publicly took an oath that they would not obey the Jesuit bishops.[5] Rome sent Carmelites
Carmelites
in two groups from the Propagation of the Faith to Malabar headed by Fr. Sebastiani and Fr. Hyacinth. Fr. Sebastiani arrived first in 1655. He began to deal directly with the Archdeacon, Mar Thoma I. Fr. Sebastiani gained the support of many, especially with the support of Parambil Mar Chandy, Alexandar Kadavil and the Vicar of Muttam. According to Jesuit reports,[5] these were the three councilors of Mar Thoma I
Mar Thoma I
who, before the arrival of Sebastiani, were reconciled with Francisco Garcia Mendes, the Jesuit Archbishop
Archbishop
of Cranganore, one of the Latin rite sees in Kerala, . Between 1661 and 1662, out of the 116 churches, the Carmelites reclaimed 84 churches, leaving Archdeacon Mar Thomas I with 32 churches. The 84 churches and their congregations were the body from which the Syro Malabar Church has descended. The other 32 and their congregations represented the nucleus from which the Syriac Orthodox (Jacobites & Orthodox), Thozhiyur, Mar Thoma Syriacs, Syro Malankara Catholics originated.[6] In 1665 Mar Gregorios, a bishop sent by the Syriac Orthodox
Syriac Orthodox
Patriarch of Antioch, arrived in India. The dissident group under the leadership of the Archdeacon welcomed him.[7] Though most of the St. Thomas Christians gradually relented in their strong opposition to the Western control, the arrival of the Bishop
Bishop
Mar Gregory of the Syriac Orthodox Church in 1665 marked the beginning of a formal schism among the St. Thomas Christians. Those who accepted the West Syriac theological and liturgical tradition of the Syriac Orthodox Church
Syriac Orthodox Church
of Antioch of Mar Gregory became known as the Jacobite, The Syriac Catholics remained in communion with Rome and later came to be known as the Syro Malabar Church.[7] Turbulence in Malankara Church[edit]

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Particular churches sui iuris of the Catholic Church

Latin cross
Latin cross
and Byzantine Patriarchal cross

Particular churches are grouped by rite.

Latin Rite

Latin

Alexandrian Rite

Coptic Ethiopian Eritrean

Armenian Rite

Armenian

Byzantine Rite

Albanian Belarusian Bulgarian Croatian and Serbian Greek Hungarian Italo-Albanian Macedonian Melkite Romanian Russian Ruthenian Slovak Ukrainian

East Syriac Rite

Chaldean Syro-Malabar

West Syriac Rite

Maronite Syriac Syro-Malankara

Catholicism portal Eastern Christianity
Eastern Christianity
portal

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It was in this contentious context that the 118th Syriac Orthodox Patriarch
Patriarch
of Antioch, Ignatius Abded Aloho II, went to Malankara in 1911 and excommunicated Vattasseril Geevarghese Mar Dionysius. To ward off the undue interference of the Patriarch
Patriarch
in the administration of the temporalities of the Church, Fr. P.T. Geevarghese with the blessing of Vattasseril Thirumeni contacted Ignatius Abdul Masih II, the 117th Syriac Orthodox
Syriac Orthodox
Patriarch
Patriarch
of Antioch, who had been excommunicated by the Ottoman government in 1906, and invited him to visit Malankara and to establish a Catholicate
Catholicate
here. Accordingly, Ignatius Abdul Masih II
Ignatius Abdul Masih II
went to Malankara in 1912 and established the Malankara Catholicate. This created a split in the church:

the faction resisting the Patriarch's administrative interference became the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, an autocephalous Church under its head the Catholicos. the faction supporting the Patriarch's administration became the Malankara Jacobite Syrian Church

Baselios Paulose I (1912–1913), the first Catholicos, died after a short period of five months on 13 May 1913; the See remained vacant until 1925. That was a period of litigation in the Malankara Church. The litigation for Vattippanam (a fixed deposit of money in the name of the Church) and its after-effects in the community was at its zenith. Geevarghese Ivanios[edit]

Abo Geevarghese

Geevarghese was born on 21st Sept 1882 at Mavelikara to the 'Mallitty' Panickervettil family, belonging to the Malankara Syrian Orthodox Church. He was given the baptismal name Geevarghese. The Panickervettil family were honoured with the title of 'Mylitta Panicker' bestowed upon by the Maharaja of Travancore
Maharaja of Travancore
Marthanda Varma, Travancore
Travancore
Royal Family. Panicker's family lineage also include him being grandson of the aristocratic Saint Thomas Christian
Saint Thomas Christian
family Polachirackal
Polachirackal
with their tharavad in Mavelikkara. The Polachirackal House held the highest-ranking hereditary title for a Christian family in Travancore
Travancore
being of nobility titled as Tharakan and were of the highest ranking Christian peer to the Maharaja of Travancore. The Polachirackal
Polachirackal
House through the Saint Thomas Christian
Saint Thomas Christian
Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
is acknowledged by Pope
Pope
Pius XI and continues to do so by the Holy See
Holy See
of the Vatican City
Vatican City
as one of the oldest Saint Thomas Christian families with their tradition of origin being that their ancestors who were of a royal lineage from the Chera Dynasty
Chera Dynasty
were converted by Saint Thomas in 53 AD and preceding Western Christianity and Christian monarchies in Europe. Starting with the first Portuguese discoveries including that of navigator Vasco da Gama, the House had evolved from accumulating one of the largest wealth through merchant trading from their oligopoly in black pepper commodity trading as part of the spice trade controlled by the Dutch East India
India
during the age of discovery between the 16th and 18th centuries. The House's excessive wealth allowed them to become the court financiers to Marthanda Varma
Marthanda Varma
and financed the Kingdom of Venad
Venad
during the Travancore–Dutch War
Travancore–Dutch War
in the 18th century against the Dutch East India
India
Company. This culminated in funding the Battle of Colachel
Battle of Colachel
in 1741 leading to Marthanda Varma
Marthanda Varma
defeating of the Dutch East India Company which was the first loss of its kind by a European naval super-power in the Indian sub-continent. The House were signatories to the Treaty of Mavelikkara
Mavelikkara
in 1753 contributing to the establishment of the Kingdom of Travancore, diminishing the role of the Dutch East India
India
Company in the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
and leading to the rise of the Maharaja of Travancore
Maharaja of Travancore
Marthanda Varma
Marthanda Varma
and the Travancore
Travancore
Royal Family. At the age of 15 he joined M.D.Seminary School for high school studies. On April 20, 1898 he received minor orders and was sent to Madras Christian College for higher studies. There he obtained his master's degree. On 15 September 1908 Geevarghese was ordained priest by Vattasseril Mar Dinoysius. Just after the ordination Geevarghese was appointed Principal of M.D.Seminary, Kottayam. Later he moved to Calcutta, accepting an invitation to teach at Searmpore College. During his stay at Calcutta Geevarghese founded a monastic community. Establishment of Bethany Ashram[edit] On Geevarghese's return from Calcutta a friend, E. John Vakeel, donated 100 acres (400,000 m2) of land at Mundanmala, Ranni-Perunadu, Kerala
Kerala
at the meeting place of the rivers Pampa and Kakkatt for an ashram. Geevarghese and his followers built a small thatched hut at what became the first Ashram in Malankara on 15 August 1919, named "Bethany".[8] Along with the Ashram Geevarghese started a house for orphans. While at Serampore, Geevarghese founded the Bethany Madhom (convent) for women religious in 1925, with the help of the Epiphany Sisters of England working at Serampore. He was ordained a bishop of the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church
Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church
by Catholicos Beselios Geevarghese I on 1 May 1925. He received the name Geevarghese Mar Ivanios.[9] Ecclesial communion[edit]

The Five Pillars of 1930 Reunion Event: Metropolitan Archbishop
Archbishop
Mar Ivanios, Bishop
Bishop
Jacob Mar Theophilos, Fr. John Kuzhinapurath OIC, Dn. Alexander OIC, Mr. Chacko Kilileth

On 20 September 1930 Mar Ivanios, Bishop
Bishop
Jacob Mar Theophilos, Fr. John Kuzhinapurath OIC, Dn. Alexander OIC, and Chacko Kilileth embraced and reunited with the Catholic Church. The Reunion Movement under the leadership of Mar Ivanios
Mar Ivanios
gave rise to Malankara Catholic Church. After reunion movement[edit] Pope
Pope
Pius XI, through the Apostolic Constitution Christo Pastorum Principi of June 11, 1932, established the Syro-Malankara Hierarchy for the reunited community and erected the Archiparchy of Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
with the Eparchy of Tiruvalla
Tiruvalla
as its suffragan. The Metropolitan Eparchy of Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
was established in 1933. Mar Ivanios
Mar Ivanios
was enthroned as its first Metropolitan Archbishop. The Eparchy of Tiruvalla
Tiruvalla
was established in 1933. Jacob Mor Theophilos was enthroned as its first Bishop. In 1937 Joseph Mar Severios of the Orthodox Church reunited with the Catholic Church.[citation needed] In 1939, Thomas Mar Dioscoros, the Metropolitan of the Knanaya Jacobite Church, reunited with the Catholic Church.[citation needed] In 1938, the missionary congregation of the Daughters of Mary was founded at Marthandom in Kanyakumari District. Bishop
Bishop
Dioscoros died in 1943. Ivanios consecrated Benedict Mar Gregorios
Benedict Mar Gregorios
as his Auxiliary Bishop
Bishop
in 1953. Ivanios died on 15 July 1953. The Eparchy of Tiruvalla
Tiruvalla
was led by Jacob Mor Theophilos and Joseph Mor Severios. Severios was the Administrator of the Eparchy until 1950 due to the ill health of Theophilos. In 1950 he was appointed as the Bishop
Bishop
of Tiruvalla. He was also invested with the title ‘Archbishop’. He died on 18 January 1955. Metropolitan Archbishop
Archbishop
Benedict Gregorios[edit]

Archbishop
Archbishop
Benedict Mar Gregorios

In 1955 Metropolitan Archbishop
Archbishop
Benedict Gregorios was enthroned as the Metropolitan Archbishop
Archbishop
of Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
and the Head of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church.[citation needed] The Holy See
Holy See
appointed Zacharias Athanasios as successor to Severios, whose consecration took place in 1954. Jacob Mar Theophilos died in 1956. Francis Acharya, a Cistercian
Cistercian
monk, came to the Eparchy of Tiruvalla. In the year 1957 he founded the Kristiya Sanyasa Samaj, Kurisumala Ashram in the high ranges of Vagamon. In 1958 the territorial boundaries of the Eparchy of Tiruvalla
Tiruvalla
was extended north to include the Malabar region of Kerala, the civil districts of Coimbatore
Coimbatore
and Nilgiris and Karoor Taluk in Tiruchirappally District of Tamil Nadu and districts of Mysore, Mandya, Coorg, Hasan, Chickamangalore, Shimoga and South Kanara of Karnataka
Karnataka
State. Mor Athanasios died in 1977. Paulos Mor Philoxenos, the Metropolitan of the Malabar Independent Syrian Church, was received into the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
on 28 August 1977. The appointment of Mor Isaac Yoohanon as Bishop
Bishop
of Tiruvalla
Tiruvalla
and erection of the Eparchy of Bathery with the appointment of Cyril Mar Baselios as its first Bishop
Bishop
through the decree of the Holy See
Holy See
took place in 1978. Both prelates were consecrated that year. The Eparchy of Bathery was officially inaugurated in 1978. In 1979 the Eparchial contemplative monastery, Dhyana Ashram, was founded in the Eparchy of Bathery by Fr. Silvester Kozhimannil. Lawrence Mor Ephrem was consecrated Bishop
Bishop
in 1980. Malankara Catholics within India
India
but outside the canonical territorial boundaries of the Church were first organized as Malankara Catholic Associations, and later came to be erected as personal parish communities. A coordinator was appointed to oversee them, by the Council of Hierarchs of the Malankara Catholic Church.[citation needed] St. Mary’s Malankara Major Seminary, the first local seminary, was inaugurated at Pattom in 1983 and the new building was blessed at Nalanchira, Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
was blessed in 1989. Pope
Pope
John Paul II visited on 8 February 1986 at St. Mary's Cathedral, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram. On 28 April 1987, Mar Yoohanon, the Bishop
Bishop
of Tiruvalla
Tiruvalla
died. Cardinal Lourdusamy, the then Prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, visited the Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
in August 1987. Mor Geevarghese Timotheos succeeded Yoohanon as the Bishop
Bishop
of Tiruvalla. He was consecrated Bishop
Bishop
in 1988. Metropolitan- Archbishop
Archbishop
Benedict Mor Gregorios died in 1994 after serving 41 years. Cyril Baselios[edit]

Cyril Baselios, the Bishop
Bishop
of Bathery having been appointed by Pope John Paul II, was enthroned as Metropolitan Archbishop
Archbishop
of Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
and as the head of the Malankara Church
Malankara Church
on 14 December 1995. Geevarghese Mar Divannasios was consecrated Bishop
Bishop
of Bathery in the place of Cyril Mar Baselios
Cyril Mar Baselios
on 5 February 1996. Achille Silvestrini, Cardinal Prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, visited the Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
on 11, 12, 13 February 1996. On the request of Cyril Baselios, by an Apostolic Bull dated 16 December 1996, Pope
Pope
John Paul II erected the Eparchy of Marthandom bifurcating the Metropolitan Eparchy of Thiruvananthapuram. Lawrence Mar Ephrem was appointed as its first Bishop. He died after a few months of his enthronement as Bishop
Bishop
of Marthandom, on 8 April 1997. In the meantime the Eparchy of Tiruvalla
Tiruvalla
was blessed with an Auxiliary Bishop
Bishop
in the person of Thomas Mar Koorilos, who was consecrated Bishop
Bishop
on 17 July 1997. On 29 June 1998 Yoohanon Mar Chrysostom
Yoohanon Mar Chrysostom
was consecrated as the Bishop
Bishop
of Marthandom and Joshua Mar Ignathios as the Auxiliary Bishop
Bishop
for the Metropolitan Eparchy of Thiruvananthapuram. Paulos Mar Philoxenos died on 3 November 1998. Christu Jayanthi Maha Jubilee and the Sapthathy of the Re-union Movement of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
were celebrated jointly at Tiruvalla
Tiruvalla
on 26, 27, 28 December 2000. In this period parishes for the faithful of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
in the United States
United States
of America were established. Pope John Paul II nominated the Proto-Syncellus of Bathery Isaac Thottunkal, as Apostolic Visitor
Apostolic Visitor
and the Auxiliary Bishop
Bishop
of Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
on 18 June 2001 for the Syro-Malankarites residing in North America
North America
and Europe. He was consecrated on 15 August 2001 at Tirumoolapuram, (Tiruvalla), and assumed the name Isaac Mar Cleemis. Bifurcating the Eparchy of Tiruvalla, the Eparchy of Muvattupuzha was erected on 15 January 2003 and Thomas Mar Koorilos was appointed as its first Bishop. On 29 March 2003 Bishop
Bishop
Mar Timotheos resigned due to his age, and the Holy See
Holy See
appointed Isaac Cleemis, the Apostolic Visitor
Apostolic Visitor
to Europe
Europe
and America, as the Bishop
Bishop
of Tiruvalla. Cleemis took charge of the Diocese
Diocese
on 2 October 2003. On January 5, 2005 Joseph Mar Thomas was appointed as the Auxiliary Bishop
Bishop
of Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
and Apostolic Visitor to North America
North America
and Europe. On February 10, 2005, the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
was raised to the status of a Major Archiepiscopal Church
Major Archiepiscopal Church
on that day by the papal document Ab ipso Sancto Thoma, and as such possesses a high level of autonomy under the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches. Archbishop Pedro López Quintana, the Apostolic Nuncio in India, read the official declaration at St. Mary's Cathedral, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram. The Hierarchical Head of the Church became a Major Archbishop
Archbishop
who exercises patriarchal powers and governs the Church assisted by the Holy Synod of Bishops of the Church.

The Catholicate
Catholicate
Centre, which houses the Major Archiepiscopal Curia.

On 19 February 2005, Joseph Mar Thomas was consecrated as Auxiliary Bishop
Bishop
of Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
and Apostolic Visitor
Apostolic Visitor
to North America and Europe. On 11 April 2005 the Faculty of Theology of St. Mary’s Malankara Major Seminary became affiliated to the Pontifical Urban University, Rome. The enthronement of the Major Archbishop
Major Archbishop
as the head of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
took place on May 14, 2005. The Malankara Major Archiepiscopal Curia ( Catholicate
Catholicate
Centre) started functioning at the St. Mary's Campus, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram. On May 20, 2005, Cyril Baselios
Cyril Baselios
blessed the Curia building. Baselios soon constituted the first Synod of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church, convened from 16 to 18 August 2005 at the Major Archiepiscopal Curia, Thiruvananthapuram. It constituted the Permanent Synod and the various Synodal Commissions headed by Bishops to take care of various apostolates of the Church. The official bulletin, Malankara is published from the Major Archiepiscopal Curia, to communicate the Synodal acts and voice of the Syro-Malankara Major Archiepiscopal Church. The Platinum Jubilee of the Reunion Movement and the Year of the Eucharist were celebrated jointly at Mar Ivanios
Mar Ivanios
Nagar, Punnamoodu, Mavelikara on September 19, 20, 21, 2005. By decrees of Baselios, the Metropolitan Province of Tiruvalla
Tiruvalla
with the Eparchies of Bathery and Muvattupuzha as suffragans, was established on May 15, 2006 and Isaac Cleemis was appointed as the Metropolitan Archbishop
Archbishop
of Tiruvalla. On June 10, 2006 Isaac Cleemis was enthroned as the first Metropolitan- Archbishop
Archbishop
of Tiruvalla. By the decree of Baselios, on January 1, 2007, the new Eparchy of Mavelikara was erected and Joshua Mar Ignathios, the Auxiliary Bishop and protosyncellus of the Major Archdiocese of Thiruvananthapuram, was appointed as its first Bishop. The Second Ordinary Holy Episcopal Synod was convoked on December 6–7, 2006 and it was decided to revive monastic consecration according to the tradition of the Antiochene Church, properly termed Rabban per the Syriac, but locally called Ramban; and Corepiscopo, to honour a number of priests for their meritorious service in the Church. On Thursday, January 18, 2007, Cyril Baselios
Cyril Baselios
died, and was entombed by the side of his predecessors at St. Mary's Cathedral, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
on January 20, 2007. Baselios Cleemis[edit] Isaac Cleemis was elected the Major Archbishop
Major Archbishop
of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
through the first Episcopal Synod of election of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
held on February 7–10, 2007 at the Catholicate
Catholicate
Centre, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram. Pope
Pope
Benedict XVI confirmed the election on 9 February and it was announced on 10 February at St. Mary's Cathedral, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram.

Holy Qurbono in Syro-Malankara Rite

The installation of Aboon Mor Joshua Ignathios was held on 16 February 2007 at Mavelikara and Aboon Geevarghese Mar Divannasios, the Administrator of The Malankara Catholic Major Archiepiscopal Church presided over the installation ceremony. The new eparchy has a 30,825 Syro-Malankara Catholic faithful of a total population of 2,998,325 inhabitants. Of this 269,849 are Malankara non-Catholics and 598,824 Christians of other denominations. On February 7, 2007, Pope
Pope
Benedict XVI appointed Fr. Chacko Aerath OIC as the Apostolic Visitor
Apostolic Visitor
with Episcopal status for the Malankara Catholic faithful residing in the Extraterritorial Regions of the Church within India.[citation needed] Baselios Cleemis
Baselios Cleemis
was enthroned as the Major Archbishop
Major Archbishop
of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
on March 5, 2007 at St. Mary's Cathedral, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram. On March 26, 2007 the Aboon Thomas Mar Koorilos was appointed the Second Metropolitan Archbishop
Archbishop
of the Archieparchy of Tiruvalla. His installation Ceremony was held on May 2, 2007 at St.John’s Cathedral, Tiruvalla. Major Arch-bishop Cleemis was the main celebrant. Baselios Cleemis
Baselios Cleemis
visited Pope
Pope
Benedict XVI on May 28, 2007 at Vatican and exchanged ecclesiastical Communion. On July 14, 2007 Major Archbishop
Major Archbishop
Baselios Cleemis
Baselios Cleemis
declared Archbishop Mar Ivanios
Mar Ivanios
a Servant of God. In accordance with the provisions of CCEO
CCEO
can. 1063 the Ordinary Tribunal of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
was constituted on November 15, 2007. Aboon Abraham Mar Julios, Ph.D. was consecrated Bishop
Bishop
of the Eparchy of Moovattupuzha by Baselios Cleemis
Baselios Cleemis
on February 9, 2008 at Moovattupuzha. Baselios Cleemis
Baselios Cleemis
blessed the newly built Tomb Chapel of the Servant of God Mar Ivanios
Mar Ivanios
in St. Mary's Cathedral, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
on July 1, 2008.

Cardinal Leonardo Sandri
Leonardo Sandri
at St. Mary's Cathedral, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram

Leonardo Sandri, Cardinal Prefect of Congregation for the Oriental Churches visited the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
on November 10, 2008. Holy Qurbono according to the Syro-Malankara Tradition was celebrated. Baselios Cleemis
Baselios Cleemis
was the main celebrant. In the following meeting Cardinal Sandri recognized Queen of Peace Pro-Cathedral at Palayam, Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
as a Basilica. Cleemis dedicated St. Mary, Queen of Peace Basilica
Basilica
on December 7, 2008. Cleemis created two new Eparchies in the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church, Pathanamthitta
Pathanamthitta
in Kerala
Kerala
and Puthur in the State of Karnataka. He appointed four new bishops, elected by the Holy Episcopal Synod. He announced the transfer of Bishop
Bishop
Yoohanon Mar Chrysostom, later Bishop of Marthandom, to the new See of Pathanamthitta
Pathanamthitta
and Bishop
Bishop
Geevarghese Mar Divannasios from the See of Bathery to the new See of Puthur. Joseph Mar Thomas, the Apostolic Visitator to North America
North America
and Europe was appointed Bishop
Bishop
of Bathery. To the See of Marthandom, vacant due the transfer of its Bishop, was appointed Vincent Kulapuravilai, Professor and Registrar of St. Mary's Malankara Seminary Thiruvananthapuram. Samuel Kattukallil, Syncellus of the Major Archeparchy of Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
and Stephen Thottathil, Dean of the Faculty of Theology of St. Mary's Malankara Seminary were appointed Auxiliary Bishops of the Major Archeparchy of Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
and the Archieparchy of Tiruvalla
Tiruvalla
respectively. Antony Valiyavilayil, the Postulator of the Cause of Canonisation of Servant of God Archbishop Mar Ivanios
Mar Ivanios
and the Chancellor of the Major Archiepiscopal Curia, was appointed the Bishop
Bishop
of the Curia.[10] The Episcopal Ordination of Bishops Vincent Mar Paulos, Samuel Mar Irenios, Philipose Mar Stephanos and Thomas Mar Anthonios took place at Mar Ivanios
Mar Ivanios
Vidya Nagar in Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
on March 13, 2010

The Public Meeting after the Episcopal Ordination on March 13, 2010

Thomas Naickamparampil was appointed as the first Exarch
Exarch
of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Exarchate in the United States
United States
by Pope Benedict XVI, with consultation by Cleemis and the Holy Synod of Syro-Malankara Catholic Church, on 14 July 2010. He was ordained bishop and received the name Aboon Thomas Mor Eusebius on 21 September 2010 at St. Mary's Malankara Syrian Catholic Cathedral, Thiruvananthapuram. His installation ceremony was on October 3, 2010 at Kellenberg Memorial High School, Uniondale, New York. Baselios Cleemis
Baselios Cleemis
was elevated to the College of Cardinals
College of Cardinals
of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
by Pope
Pope
Benedict XVI at the Papal Basilica
Basilica
of Saint Peter in the Vatican on 24 November 2012.[11] As Cardinal-Priest
Cardinal-Priest
he was assigned the titular church of San Gregorio VII. He is the first bishop of the Syro-Malankara church and the fifth Keralite becoming cardinal. The Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
is fast growing in theological and canonical studies. Many authors have contributed to the development in the field of theology and canon law.[12] Besides the canonical institutions of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church, various associations including the Malankara Catholic Youth Movement (MCYM), the Malankara Catholic Association
Malankara Catholic Association
(MCA), and the Legion of Mary, Matruvedi, Pithruvedi emerged. The Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
engages in humanitarian activities. One example of such services is Thapovanam, Shelter of Hope, Sulthan Bathery, a centre for the rehabilitation of the mentally ill.

Syro-Malankara Catholics in Ireland with His Excellency Most Rev.Dr.Joshua Mar Ignathius. ( Mavelikara Diocese
Diocese
Bishop)

Eparchies and Exarchates[edit]

Major Archeparchy of Thiruvananthapuram

Eparchy of Marthandom Eparchy of Mavelikara Eparchy of Parassala Eparchy of Pathanamthitta

Archieparchy of Tiruvalla

Eparchy of Bathery Eparchy of Muvattupuzha Eparchy of Puthur

Eparchy of St. John Chrysostom
John Chrysostom
of Gurgaon Apostolic Exarchate of St. Ephrem of Khadki Apostolic Exarchate of the United States

Statistics[edit] According to the Pontifical yearbook Annuario Pontificio
Annuario Pontificio
for 2012, the Syro- Malankara Church
Malankara Church
had approximately 436,870 members.[13][14]

Dioceses Members Bishops Parishes Diocesan Priests Religious Priests Men Religious Women Religious Seminarians

Archeparchy of Thiruvananthapuram 219,437 2 300+ 131 24 97 578 100

Eparchy of Parassala 22,000 1

Eparchy of Pathanamthitta 37,500 1 100 64 6 6 110 26

Eparchy of Marthandom 65,715 1 82 40 7 14 178 21

Eparchy of Mavelikara 24,083 1 95 56 7 9 145 23

Archeparchy of Tiruvalla 40,000 3 132 112 25 54 285 37

Eparchy of Battery 25,000 1 102 77 8 8 274 25

Eparchy of Muvattupuzha 12,435 1 64 41 8 24 82 13

Eparchy of Puttur 2,700 2 24 14 7 8 20 3

Eparchy of the United States
United States
and Canada [15] 10,000 1 16 11 1 1 16 4

TOTAL 436,870 14 692 546 93 221 1688 252

Hierarchs[edit] The Malankara Syrian Catholic Church
Catholic Church
has 16 Hierarchs:

Hierarchs Diocese Cathedral / Location

Moran Mor Baselios Cleemis

Catholicos of the Syro- Malankara Church
Malankara Church
and Cardinal

St. Mary's Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral / Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India

Archbishop
Archbishop
Thomas Mar Koorilos

Metropolitan Archbishop
Archbishop
of Tiruvalla

St. John's Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral / Tiruvalla, Kerala, India

Archbishop
Archbishop
Geevarghese Mar Timotheos

Metropolitan Emeritus of Tiruvalla
Tiruvalla
(Retired)

Emeritus of St. John's Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral / Tiruvalla, Kerala, India

Joseph Mor Thomas

Metropolitan of Bathery

St. Thomas Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral / Sulthan Bathery, Kerala, India

Vincent Mor Paulos

Metropolitan of Marthandom

Christuraja Syro Malankara Catholic Catheddral / Marthandam, Tamil Nadu, India

Abraham Mor Julios

Metropolitan of Muvattupuzha

St. Joseph's Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral / Vazhappilly, Mudavoor, Muvattupuzha, Kerala, India

Joshua Mor Ignathios

Metropolitan of Mavelikkara

St.Mary's Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral / Punnamoodu, Mavelikkara, Kerala, India

Yoohanon Mor Chrysostom

Metropolitan of Pathanamthitta

St. Peter's Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral / Pathanamthitta, Kerala, India

Thomas Mor Eusebius

Metropolitan of Parassala

St. Mary’s Malankara Catholic Church, Parassala

Philipose Mor Stephanos

Metropolitan of St. Mary, Queen of Peace (USA & Canada)

St. Vincent de Paul Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral / Elmont – New York, USA

Jacob Mor Barnabas

Metropolitan of Gurgaon

St. Mary's Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral / Neb Sarai – New Delhi, India

Thomas Mor Anthonios

Metropolitan of Khadki

St. Mary's Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral / Khadki, Maharashtra India

Samuel Mor Irenios

Auxiliary Bishop
Bishop
of Thiruvananthapuram

St. Mary's Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral / Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India

Geevarghese Mor Makarios

Metropolitan of Puthur

St. Joseph’s Syro Malankara Catholic Cathedral / Puthur, Karnataka, India

Yuhannon Mor Theodosius

Curia Bishop

NA

Late Lamented Metropolitans[edit]

Archbishop
Archbishop
Geevarghese Mar Ivanios
Geevarghese Mar Ivanios
(split from Malankara Orthodox Church) Archbishop
Archbishop
Jacob Mar Theophilos (split from Malankara Orthodox Church) Archbishop
Archbishop
Joseph Mar Severios (quit Malankara Orthodox Church
Malankara Orthodox Church
to join Malankara Catholic Church) Thomas Mar Dioscoros (quit Knanaya Syriac Orthodox Church
Syriac Orthodox Church
to join Malankara Catholic Church) Archbishop
Archbishop
Benedict Mar Gregorios Zacharias Mar Athanasios Paulos Mor Philoxenos (quit Malabar Independent Syrian Church
Malabar Independent Syrian Church
to join Malankara Catholic Church) Isaac Mar Yoohanon Major Arch Bishop-Catholicos Cyril Mar Baselios Lawrence Mar Ephrem Geevarghese Mor Divannasios, Metropolitan of Puthur

Liturgy and worship[edit] The liturgy of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
is of the Antiochene Rite, West Syriac in character. The liturgy today is celebrated in Malayalam, Syriac, English, Tamil, and Hindi. The church uses one of several Bible translations into Malayalam. In the Indian diaspora[edit] There are 39 Syro-Malankara communities in North India, including churches at Banglore, Chennai, Kolkata, Delhi, Mumbai, Pune and Hyderabad. On March 26, 2015, Cleemis and the Holy Synod in consultation with the Holy Father Pope
Pope
Francis erected two Eparchies to cover all of India. Bishop
Bishop
Barnabas Jacob was appointed bishop of the Delhi-based Eparchy of St John Chrysostom
John Chrysostom
of Gurgaon. Bishop Anthonios Thomas heads the Apostolic Exarchate of St Ephrem of Khadki.[16] Around the world[edit] United States[edit] Main article: Syro-Malankara Catholic Exarchate in the United States In July 2010, Pope
Pope
Benedict XVI erected an apostolic exarchate for Syro-Malankara Catholics in the United States, and appointed Father Thomas Naickamparampil, then head secretary general of the major archiepiscopate of the Syro-Malankara Church, as first apostolic exarch of the new exarchate. The bishop-elect was ordained to the episcopacy on 21 September 2010 at St. Mary's Malankara Syrian Catholic Cathedral, Pattom receiving the name "Aboon Thomas Mor Eusebius" and the Enthronement Ceremony in the United States
United States
was held on October 3, 2010 at Kellenberg High School, Uniondale, New York.[17] Canada and Europe[edit] In July 2010 Pope
Pope
Benedict XVI also appointed Thomas Eusebius as Apostolic Visitor
Apostolic Visitor
for Syro-Malankara Catholics in Canada and Europe, alongside his primary work as Apostolic Exarch
Exarch
of the above-mentioned newly created Syro-Malankara exarchate in the U.S.[17] There are Syro-Malankara parishes and communities in Canada, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. Middle East[edit] Thirteen Syro-Malankara communities are present in Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. Because parishes (Qatar has parish) have not yet been organized, as the Syro-Malankara does not have ecclesiastical jurisdiction in the Middle East, the people are under the direct supervision of the Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Apostolic Vicariates of Northern Arabia and Southern Arabia.[18] Malankara Catholics of Abu Dhabi launched one of the early websites for the Syro Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
beofore any official sites were existing and the first in the middle east. Now almost all communities in the Gulf have their own websites. Recently Rev. Dr. John Padipurackal, a Syro Malankara priest serving in Kuwait, in the Apostolic Vicariate of Northern Arabia, is appointed the Coordinator of the Malankara Catholic Faithful in the Middle East. "In consultation with the Holy Episcopal Synod of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
convoked from 5–8 March 2012 His Cleemis appointed Rev. Dr. John Padipurackal the Ecclesiastical
Ecclesiastical
Coordinator of the Extraterritorial Region in Middle East. He has to oversee the pastoral engagement of the Syro-Malankara Priests and coordinate the pastoral activities of common interest in the Gulf Region" relates Malankara, the official Communiqué of the Syro Malankara Catholic Church regarding this new appointment. Religious orders[edit]

Order of the Imitation of Christ, Bethany Ashram Order of the Friars Minor Capuchin Kristiya Sanyasa Samaj, Kurisumala Ashram Franciscan Missionary Brothers Malabar Missionary Brothers Disciples of Divine Saviour Dhyana Ashram Chyalpadi Ashram Santhi Ashram Sisters of the Imitation of Christ, Bethany Madhom Daughters of Mary Holy Spirit Sisters Congregation of the Sacred Heart Dina Sevana Sabha Sisters of the Charity of St. Vincent de Paul Snehagiri Missionary Sisters Little Sisters of Jesus Sisters of John the Baptist Salesian Sisters Baselian sisters Franciscan Missionaries of Mary Adoration monastery of Mount Thabor Gathsemene Samarpitha Satsangham Little Servants of Divine Providence Sisters of Charity Fervent Daughters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus

Seminaries[edit]

St. Mary’s Malankara Major Seminary, Thiruvananthapuram Bethany Vedavijnana Peetham, Pune St. Aloysius Seminary, Thiruvananthapuram Infant Mary's Minor Seminary, Thiruvalla St. Thomas Minor Seminary, Gurukulam, Bathery St. Ephraem's Minor Seminary, Marthandom Gurusannidhi Minor Seminary, Muvattupuzha Mar Ivanios
Mar Ivanios
Minor Seminary, Mavelikkara Mar Gregorios Malankara Syrian Catholic Seminary, New York St. Thomas Minor Seminary, Pathanamthitta Mar Ivanios
Mar Ivanios
minor seminary in New Delhi Nirmal Hriday Minor Seminary, Pune

Colleges[edit] The Malankara Catholic Educational Society manages various ecclesiastical, charitable, and educational institutions. Baselios Cleemis is the President and Samuel Mar Irenios the Vice Chairman of Malankara Catholic Educational Society.

Mar Ivanios
Mar Ivanios
College, Thiruvananthapuram St. John's College, Anchal Mar Theophilos Taining College, Thiruvananthapuram Mar Gregorios College of Arts and Science, Chennai Mar Baselios College of Engineering and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram Mar Baselios Institute of Technology, Anchal St. Ephrem Ecumenical Research Institute, Kottayam Pushpagiri Medical College, Thiruvalla Pushpagiri College of Pharmacy, Thiruvalla Pushpagiri College of Nursing, Thiruvalla Pushpagiri College of Dental Sciences, Thiruvalla Mar Athanasios College for Advanced Studies, Tiruvalla Mar Severios College of Teacher Education, Chengaroor, Thiruvalla St. Joseph's College of Information Technology and Management, Thiruvalla St. John's Parallel College, Thiruvalla Pazhassi Raja College, Pulpally, Bathery Mar Baselios College of Education, Bathery Mar Ivanios
Mar Ivanios
College of Education, Kunthoor, Karnataka Bethany Jounior College, Noojibalthila, Bathery Malankara Catholic College, Mariagiri, Marthandom Kanyakumari Community College, Mariagiri, Marthandom Mar Chrysostom College of Education, Kirathur, Marthandom Mar Ephraem College of Engineering, Marthandom Bethany College, Nalanchira, Thiruvananthapuram Bethany Navajeevan College of Education, Vencode, Marthandom Girideepam Institute of Advanced Learning, Kottayam Nirmal Bathany Junior College, Kalewadi, Pune Bethany Navajeevan College of Physiotherapy, Nalanchira, Thiruvananthapuram Bethany Navajeevan College of Nursing, Borsi, Durg, Bhilai Jnanodaya Bethany PU Science College, Nellyadi St.Joseph's College of Nursing, Anchal

Malankara Catholic Youth Movement[edit] Malankara Catholic Youth Movement
Malankara Catholic Youth Movement
(MCYM) is the official organization for the youth in Syro-Malankara Catholic Church. The Catholic Youth Movement of Kerala
Kerala
dates back to the second half of the 1960s. Although there were some youth organisations in the parish level at different parts of Kerala, the spread of the organization of the youth movements in the diocese took place rather late. Two reasons seems to be of prime importance for the foundation of the youth organizations in the late 1960s. MCYM Branches[edit]

Kerala
Kerala
MCYM

1) Major Archieparchy of Thiruvananthapuram 2) Archieparchy of Thiruvilla 3) Eparchy of Bathery 4) Eparchy of Marthandom 5) Eparchy of Muvattupuzha 6) Eparchy of Mavelikkara 7) Eparchy of Pathanamthitta

MCYM Tamil Nadu

1.) Eparchy of Marthanadom

MCYM Karnataka

1.) Eparchy of Puttur

MCYM ETR in India

1) Apostolic Visitation of North India
India
Malankara Syrian Catholic Churches (MCCETR – New Delhi) 1) Exarchate of United States
United States
Malankara Syrian Catholic Churches (Elmont, New York)

MCYM of the Exarchate and Apostolic Visitation of Canada and Europe

Malankara Catholic Association[edit] Founded in 1989, the Malankara Catholic Association
Malankara Catholic Association
is the association of lay faithful of the Church. Baselios Cleemis
Baselios Cleemis
is the patron; there are now diocesan sections in the Thiruvananthapuram, Thiruvalla, Bathery, Moovattupuzha and Marthandom Dioceses and in North America. Official name[edit] The official name of the church is Syro-Malankara Catholic Church which is mainly used in the English speaking Western regions. The name of the church as translated from Malayalam/Syriac is Malankara Syrian Catholic Church. See also[edit]

List of Major Archbishops of Thiruvananthapuram St. Mary's Higher Secondary School, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram Sacred Heart Catholic Church, Mylapra, Pathanamthitta All India
India
Catholic Union Churches of Kerala

Sources[edit]

^ Official Website ^ George Menachery (1973) The St. Thomas Christian Encyclopedia of India, Ed. George Menachery, B.N.K. Press, vol. 2, ISBN 81-87132-06-X, Lib. Cong. Cat. Card. No. 73-905568; B.N.K. Press – (has some 70 lengthy articles by different experts on the origins, development, history, culture... of these Christians, with some 300 odd photographs). ^ Leslie Brown, (1956) The Indian Christians of St. Thomas. An Account of the Ancient Syriac Church of Malabar, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1956, 1982 (repr.) ^ Thomas Puthiakunnel, (1973) "Jewish colonies of India
India
paved the way for St. Thomas", The Saint Thomas Christian
Saint Thomas Christian
Encyclopedia of India, ed. George Menachery, Vol. II., Trichur. ^ a b Eugene Cardinal Tisserant, " Eastern Christianity
Eastern Christianity
in India" ^ Catholic Encyclopedia profile of "St. Thomas Christians" - The Carmelite Period ^ a b Thekkedath, History of Christianity in India” ^ Fr. Thomas Inchakkalody, Archbishop
Archbishop
Mar Ivanios
Mar Ivanios
(Vol.1), pp. 152-171 ^ Rajan, Matthew (2004). "H.H. Baselios Geevarghese I - Second Catholicose". The Christian Light of Life. 3 (12): 221–225.  ^ Malayala Manorama, Deepika January 26, 2010 ^ "Annuncio di Concistoro per la Creazione di Sei Nuovi Cardinali" (in Italian). Holy See
Holy See
Press Office. 2012-10-24. Archived from the original on 2013-02-23.  ^ "The classified Bibliography of Fr. Dr. Thomas Kuzhinapurath" (in English and Malayalam). Scribd.com. 2014-09-15.  ^ "Population Statistics". , Syro Malankara Church. ^ Ronald Roberson. "The Eastern Catholic Churches
Eastern Catholic Churches
2012" (PDF). Catholic Near East Welfare Association. Retrieved Nov 18, 2012.  Information sourced from Annuario Pontificio
Annuario Pontificio
2012 edition. ^ "The Statutes from St. Mary, Queen of Peace Syro-Malankara Catholic Eparchy in USA and Canada website". , Syro Malankara Church. ^ http://press.vatican.va/content/salastampa/en/bollettino/pubblico/2015/03/26/0219/00492.html ^ a b "New Apostolic Exarchate for Syro-Malankara Church". ZENIT News Agency. July 14, 2010.  ^ "St. Mary's Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
(Doha, Qatar)". Retrieved July 15, 2010. 

Additional sources[edit]

The Syro-Malankara Catholic Major Archiepiscopal Church
Major Archiepiscopal Church
Directory, Thiruvananthapuram, 2006. Ronald Roberson, CSP; The Eastern Christian
Eastern Christian
Churches: A Brief Survey (6th Edition); Edizioni Orientalia Christiana, Pontifico Instituto Orientale; Rome, Italy; 1999; ISBN 88-7210-321-5

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Syro-Malankara Catholic Church.

Official websites:

Major Archdiocese of Trivandrum Eparchy of Pathanamthitta St. Mary, Queen of Peace Syro-Malankara Catholic Eparchy in USA and Canada

Article on the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
by Ronald Roberson on the CNEWA website.

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Relation Maramon Convention Pentecostalism in Kerala Saint Thomas Christians Sister Abhaya murder case Sisters of the Destitute Synod of Diamper Syrian churches of Kerala Syrian Malabar Nasrani Varthamanappusthakam

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